Gene Symbol: Lamp2
Description: lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2
Alias: CD107b, LGP-B, Lamp II, Lamp-2, Lamp-2a, Lamp-2b, Lamp-2c, Mac3, lysosome-associated membrane glycoprotein 2, CD107 antigen-like family member B, lysosomal membrane glycoprotein 2, lysosomal membrane glycoprotein type B
Species: mouse
Products:     Lamp2

Top Publications

  1. Cha Y, Holland S, August J. The cDNA sequence of mouse LAMP-2. Evidence for two classes of lysosomal membrane glycoproteins. J Biol Chem. 1990;265:5008-13 pubmed
    ..The sequence differences in these two classes provide a basis for comparing the structure of the proteins with their biochemical and biological properties. ..
  2. Kiffin R, Kaushik S, Zeng M, Bandyopadhyay U, Zhang C, Massey A, et al. Altered dynamics of the lysosomal receptor for chaperone-mediated autophagy with age. J Cell Sci. 2007;120:782-91 pubmed
    ..We conclude that age-related changes at the lysosomal membrane are responsible for the altered turnover of the CMA receptor in old organisms and the consequent decline in this pathway. ..
  3. Berger P, Berger I, Schaffitzel C, Tersar K, Volkmer B, Suter U. Multi-level regulation of myotubularin-related protein-2 phosphatase activity by myotubularin-related protein-13/set-binding factor-2. Hum Mol Genet. 2006;15:569-79 pubmed
  4. Binker M, Cosen Binker L, Terebiznik M, Mallo G, McCaw S, Eskelinen E, et al. Arrested maturation of Neisseria-containing phagosomes in the absence of the lysosome-associated membrane proteins, LAMP-1 and LAMP-2. Cell Microbiol. 2007;9:2153-66 pubmed
  5. Alkemade F, Gittenberger de Groot A, Schiel A, VanMunsteren J, Hogers B, van Vliet L, et al. Intrauterine exposure to maternal atherosclerotic risk factors increases the susceptibility to atherosclerosis in adult life. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2007;27:2228-35 pubmed
    ..Future research will concentrate on the mechanisms involved in this priming process, as well as on prevention strategies. ..
  6. Schneider J, Suh Y, Cuervo A. Deficient chaperone-mediated autophagy in liver leads to metabolic dysregulation. Cell Metab. 2014;20:417-32 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings highlight the involvement of CMA in regulating hepatic metabolism and suggest that the age-related decline in CMA may have a negative impact on the energetic balance in old organisms. ..
  7. Huynh K, Eskelinen E, Scott C, Malevanets A, Saftig P, Grinstein S. LAMP proteins are required for fusion of lysosomes with phagosomes. EMBO J. 2007;26:313-24 pubmed
    ..Time-lapse cinematography revealed that late endosomes/lysosomes as well as phagosomes lacking LAMP-1 and LAMP-2 had reduced ability to move toward the microtubule-organizing center, likely precluding their interaction with each other. ..
  8. Bandyopadhyay U, Kaushik S, Varticovski L, Cuervo A. The chaperone-mediated autophagy receptor organizes in dynamic protein complexes at the lysosomal membrane. Mol Cell Biol. 2008;28:5747-63 pubmed publisher
    ..through the lysosome-associated membrane protein type 2A (LAMP-2A), one of the three splice variants of the lamp2 gene, and this binding is limiting for their degradation via CMA...
  9. Tanaka Y, Guhde G, Suter A, Eskelinen E, Hartmann D, Lullmann Rauch R, et al. Accumulation of autophagic vacuoles and cardiomyopathy in LAMP-2-deficient mice. Nature. 2000;406:902-6 pubmed
    ..This theory is further substantiated by the finding that human LAMP-2 deficiency causing Danon's disease is associated with the accumulation of autophagic material in striated myocytes. ..

More Information


  1. Bandyopadhyay U, Sridhar S, Kaushik S, Kiffin R, Cuervo A. Identification of regulators of chaperone-mediated autophagy. Mol Cell. 2010;39:535-47 pubmed publisher
    ..The dynamic interactions of these two proteins at the lysosomal membrane unveil now a role for GTP as a negative regulator of CMA. ..
  2. Demirel O, Jan I, Wolters D, Blanz J, Saftig P, Tampe R, et al. The lysosomal polypeptide transporter TAPL is stabilized by interaction with LAMP-1 and LAMP-2. J Cell Sci. 2012;125:4230-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Reduced stability of TAPL is caused by increased lysosomal degradation, indicating that LAMP proteins retain TAPL on the limiting membrane of endosomes and prevent its sorting to intraluminal vesicles...
  3. Kaushik S, Massey A, Cuervo A. Lysosome membrane lipid microdomains: novel regulators of chaperone-mediated autophagy. EMBO J. 2006;25:3921-33 pubmed
    ..Our results support that changes in the dynamic distribution of LAMP-2A into and out of discrete microdomains of the lysosomal membrane contribute to regulate CMA. ..
  4. Saftig P, Tanaka Y, Lullmann Rauch R, Von Figura K. Disease model: LAMP-2 enlightens Danon disease. Trends Mol Med. 2001;7:37-9 pubmed
    ..LAMP-2 deficient mice represent a valuable animal model of Danon disease. They will further be used to study the exact role of LAMP-2 in autophagy and to analyse the consequences of an impaired autophagic pathway in various tissues. ..
  5. Eskelinen E, Illert A, Tanaka Y, Schwarzmann G, Blanz J, von Figura K, et al. Role of LAMP-2 in lysosome biogenesis and autophagy. Mol Biol Cell. 2002;13:3355-68 pubmed
    ..Autophagic vacuoles may accumulate due to impaired capacity for lysosomal degradation. ..
  6. Schneede A, Schmidt C, Hölttä Vuori M, Heeren J, Willenborg M, Blanz J, et al. Role for LAMP-2 in endosomal cholesterol transport. J Cell Mol Med. 2011;15:280-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our results suggest that LAMP-2, its luminal domain in particular, plays a critical role in endosomal cholesterol transport and that this is distinct from the chaperone-mediated autophagy function of LAMP-2. ..
  7. Beertsen W, Willenborg M, Everts V, Zirogianni A, Podschun R, Schröder B, et al. Impaired phagosomal maturation in neutrophils leads to periodontitis in lysosomal-associated membrane protein-2 knockout mice. J Immunol. 2008;180:475-82 pubmed
    ..It also underscores the requirement of lysosomal fusion events to provide sufficient antimicrobial activity in PMNs, which is needed to prevent periodontal disease. ..
  8. Eskelinen E, Schmidt C, Neu S, Willenborg M, Fuertes G, Salvador N, et al. Disturbed cholesterol traffic but normal proteolytic function in LAMP-1/LAMP-2 double-deficient fibroblasts. Mol Biol Cell. 2004;15:3132-45 pubmed
    ..Taken together these findings indicate partially overlapping functions for LAMP-1 and -2 in lysosome biogenesis, autophagy, and cholesterol homeostasis. ..
  9. Eriksson I, Joosten M, Roberg K, Ollinger K. The histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A reduces lysosomal pH and enhances cisplatin-induced apoptosis. Exp Cell Res. 2013;319:12-20 pubmed publisher
    ..We conclude that trichostatin A enhances cisplatin induced cell death by decreasing lysosomal pH, which augments cathepsin activity resulting in reduced LAMP-2 level, and might promote LMP. ..
  10. Fernandez Valdivia R, Zhang Y, Pai S, Metzker M, Schumacher A. l7Rn6 encodes a novel protein required for clara cell function in mouse lung development. Genetics. 2006;172:389-99 pubmed
    ..Thus, l7Rn6 represents a novel protein required for organization and/or function of the secretory apparatus in Clara cells in mouse lung. ..
  11. Kabuta T, Furuta A, Aoki S, Furuta K, Wada K. Aberrant interaction between Parkinson disease-associated mutant UCH-L1 and the lysosomal receptor for chaperone-mediated autophagy. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:23731-8 pubmed publisher
  12. Aizawa S, Fujiwara Y, Contu V, Hase K, Takahashi M, Kikuchi H, et al. Lysosomal putative RNA transporter SIDT2 mediates direct uptake of RNA by lysosomes. Autophagy. 2016;12:565-78 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results provide a novel insight into the mechanisms of RNA metabolism, intracellular RNA transport, and atypical types of autophagy. ..
  13. Huttenhower C, Haley E, Hibbs M, Dumeaux V, Barrett D, Coller H, et al. Exploring the human genome with functional maps. Genome Res. 2009;19:1093-106 pubmed publisher
    ..Experimental investigation of five specific genes, AP3B1, ATP6AP1, BLOC1S1, LAMP2, and RAB11A, has confirmed novel roles for these proteins in the proper initiation of macroautophagy in amino acid-..
  14. Qin Y, Deng Y, Ricketts C, Srikantan S, Wang E, Maher E, et al. The tumor susceptibility gene TMEM127 is mutated in renal cell carcinomas and modulates endolysosomal function. Hum Mol Genet. 2014;23:2428-39 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data map the tumor-suppressive properties of TMEM127 to modulation of mTOR function in the endolysosome, a feature that may contribute to both pheochromocytoma and RCC pathogenesis. ..
  15. Tang F, Erion J, Tian Y, Liu W, Yin D, Ye J, et al. VPS35 in Dopamine Neurons Is Required for Endosome-to-Golgi Retrieval of Lamp2a, a Receptor of Chaperone-Mediated Autophagy That Is Critical for α-Synuclein Degradation and Prevention of Pathogenesis of Parkinson's Disease. J Neurosci. 2015;35:10613-28 pubmed publisher
    ..These results suggest that VPS35 deficiency or mutation promotes PD pathogenesis, and reveals a crucial pathway, VPS35-Lamp2a-α-synuclein, to prevent PD pathogenesis. ..
  16. Janssen P. Kinetics of cardiac muscle contraction and relaxation are linked and determined by properties of the cardiac sarcomere. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2010;299:H1092-9 pubmed publisher
    ..85 ± 0.04). Because of the great variety in underlying excitation-contraction coupling in the assessed strains, we concluded that contraction-relation coupling is a property residing in the cardiac sarcomere. ..
  17. Elewaut D, Lawton A, Nagarajan N, Maverakis E, Khurana A, Honing S, et al. The adaptor protein AP-3 is required for CD1d-mediated antigen presentation of glycosphingolipids and development of Valpha14i NKT cells. J Exp Med. 2003;198:1133-46 pubmed
  18. Napolitano G, Johnson J, He J, Rocca C, Monfregola J, Pestonjamasp K, et al. Impairment of chaperone-mediated autophagy leads to selective lysosomal degradation defects in the lysosomal storage disease cystinosis. EMBO Mol Med. 2015;7:158-74 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, CMA impairment contributes to cell malfunction in cystinosis, highlighting the need for treatments complementary to current therapies that are based on decreasing lysosomal overload. ..
  19. Deuve J, Bonnet Garnier A, Beaujean N, Avner P, Morey C. Antagonist Xist and Tsix co-transcription during mouse oogenesis and maternal Xist expression during pre-implantation development calls into question the nature of the maternal imprint on the X chromosome. Epigenetics. 2015;10:931-42 pubmed publisher
  20. Reibring C, El Shahawy M, Hallberg K, Kannius Janson M, Nilsson J, Parkkila S, et al. Expression patterns and subcellular localization of carbonic anhydrases are developmentally regulated during tooth formation. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e96007 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study provides important information for future single or multiple gene targeting strategies aiming at deciphering the function of CAs during odontogenesis. ..
  21. Ma X, Liu H, Foyil S, Godar R, Weinheimer C, Hill J, et al. Impaired autophagosome clearance contributes to cardiomyocyte death in ischemia/reperfusion injury. Circulation. 2012;125:3170-81 pubmed publisher
  22. Granger B, Green S, Gabel C, Howe C, Mellman I, Helenius A. Characterization and cloning of lgp110, a lysosomal membrane glycoprotein from mouse and rat cells. J Biol Chem. 1990;265:12036-43 pubmed
    ..Mouse lgp110 is encoded by at least seven exons; intron positions suggest that the two homologous ectodomains of each lgp arose through gene duplication. ..
  23. Kuang E, Okumura C, Sheffy Levin S, Varsano T, Shu V, Qi J, et al. Regulation of ATG4B stability by RNF5 limits basal levels of autophagy and influences susceptibility to bacterial infection. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1003007 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, the RNF5-mediated control of membranalATG4B reveals a novel layer in the regulation of LC3 processing and autophagy. ..
  24. Kierdorf K, Erny D, Goldmann T, Sander V, Schulz C, Perdiguero E, et al. Microglia emerge from erythromyeloid precursors via Pu.1- and Irf8-dependent pathways. Nat Neurosci. 2013;16:273-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data provide cellular and molecular insights into the origin and development of microglia. ..
  25. Lobrinus J, Schorderet D, Payot M, Jeanrenaud X, Bottani A, Superti Furga A, et al. Morphological, clinical and genetic aspects in a family with a novel LAMP-2 gene mutation (Danon disease). Neuromuscul Disord. 2005;15:293-8 pubmed
    ..Diagnosis can be made by immunohistochemistry performed on cardiac or muscle biopsy, and confirmed by genetic analysis, which also allows for easy family screening and counselling. ..
  26. Liu J, Ding J, Wu C, Bhagavatula P, Cui B, Chu S, et al. Retrolinkin, a membrane protein, plays an important role in retrograde axonal transport. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:2223-8 pubmed
    ..Our work lays the foundation for understanding fundamental issues of axonal transport and provides insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying human neurodegenerative disorders. ..
  27. Zheng B, Tang T, Tang N, Kudlicka K, Ohtsubo K, Ma P, et al. Essential role of RGS-PX1/sorting nexin 13 in mouse development and regulation of endocytosis dynamics. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:16776-81 pubmed
    ..markers, including megalin, a receptor for nutrients and proteins; ARH, a coat protein that binds megalin; LAMP2; and LC3...
  28. Chan J, Ganopolsky J, Cornelissen I, Suckow M, Sandoval Cooper M, Brown E, et al. The characterization of mice with a targeted combined deficiency of protein c and factor XI. Am J Pathol. 2001;158:469-79 pubmed
  29. Matsuki Y, Kaname T, Suematsu S, Yamaguchi Y, Abe K, Yamamura K. Mouse K-glypican gene, gpc4, maps to chromosome X. Genomics. 1998;54:358-9 pubmed
  30. Grigaravicius P, Kaminska E, Hübner C, McKinnon P, von Deimling A, Frappart P. Rint1 inactivation triggers genomic instability, ER stress and autophagy inhibition in the brain. Cell Death Differ. 2016;23:454-68 pubmed publisher
    ..Altogether, our findings highlight the crucial roles of Rint1 in vivo in genomic stability maintenance, as well as in prevention of ER stress and autophagy. ..
  31. Yasuda Yamahara M, Kume S, Yamahara K, Nakazawa J, Chin Kanasaki M, Araki H, et al. Lamp-2 deficiency prevents high-fat diet-induced obese diabetes via enhancing energy expenditure. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2015;465:249-55 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, a lamp-2-depenedent fusion and degradation process of autophagosomes is involved in the pathogenesis of obese diabetes, providing a novel insight into autophagy and diabetes. ..
  32. Hackam D, Rotstein O, Zhang W, Gruenheid S, Gros P, Grinstein S. Host resistance to intracellular infection: mutation of natural resistance-associated macrophage protein 1 (Nramp1) impairs phagosomal acidification. J Exp Med. 1998;188:351-64 pubmed
    ..bovis or latex beads. These data support the notion that Nramp1 affects intracellular mycobacterial replication by modulating phagosomal pH, suggesting that Nramp1 plays a central role in this process. ..
  33. Sutton K, Wilkinson M. The rapidly evolving Pem homeobox gene and Agtr2, Ant2, and Lamp2 are closely linked in the proximal region of the mouse X chromosome. Genomics. 1997;45:447-50 pubmed
    ..panels, we established the order of markers within this segment of the Hprt region as: Agtr2-Pem-Ant2-DXMit50-Lamp2-DXMit49...
  34. Aoyama M, Sun Wada G, Yamamoto A, Yamamoto M, Hamada H, Wada Y. Spatial restriction of bone morphogenetic protein signaling in mouse gastrula through the mVam2-dependent endocytic pathway. Dev Cell. 2012;22:1163-75 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that mVam2, which interacts with BMP type I receptor, is required for the spatiotemporal modulation of BMP signaling, via sequestration of the receptor complex in the late stages of the endocytic pathway...
  35. Rothaug M, Stroobants S, Schweizer M, Peters J, Zunke F, Allerding M, et al. LAMP-2 deficiency leads to hippocampal dysfunction but normal clearance of neuronal substrates of chaperone-mediated autophagy in a mouse model for Danon disease. Acta Neuropathol Commun. 2015;3:6 pubmed publisher
    ..Mutations within the Lamp2 gene cause Danon disease, an X-linked lysosomal storage disorder characterized by (cardio)myopathy and ..
  36. Valdor R, Mocholí E, Botbol Y, Guerrero Ros I, Chandra D, Koga H, et al. Chaperone-mediated autophagy regulates T cell responses through targeted degradation of negative regulators of T cell activation. Nat Immunol. 2014;15:1046-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings define a role for CMA in regulating T cell activation through the targeted degradation of negative regulators of T cell activation. ..
  37. Aliesky H, Pichurin P, Chen C, Williams R, Rapoport B, McLachlan S. Probing the genetic basis for thyrotropin receptor antibodies and hyperthyroidism in immunized CXB recombinant inbred mice. Endocrinology. 2006;147:2789-800 pubmed
    ..Finally, our study demonstrates the potential of recombinant inbred mice for discriminating between immune-response genes and thyroid function susceptibility genes in Graves' disease. ..
  38. Behnke J, Schneppenheim J, Koch Nolte F, Haag F, Saftig P, Schröder B. Signal-peptide-peptidase-like 2a (SPPL2a) is targeted to lysosomes/late endosomes by a tyrosine motif in its C-terminal tail. FEBS Lett. 2011;585:2951-7 pubmed publisher
    ..This motif accounts for the differential localisation of the homologous proteases SPPL2a and SPPL2b and thereby influences the access to substrates and biological function of SPPL2a. ..
  39. Kawamura N, Sun Wada G, Aoyama M, Harada A, Takasuga S, Sasaki T, et al. Delivery of endosomes to lysosomes via microautophagy in the visceral endoderm of mouse embryos. Nat Commun. 2012;3:1071 pubmed publisher
    ..Loss of rab7 function results in severe inhibition of this endocytic pathway. Our results indicate that the microautophagic process and flow of the endocytic membrane have essential roles in early embryonic development...
  40. Cella N, Cornejo Uribe R, Montes G, Hynes N, Chammas R. The lysosomal-associated membrane protein LAMP-1 is a novel differentiation marker for HC11 mouse mammary epithelial cells. Differentiation. 1996;61:113-20 pubmed
    ..Increase in lysosomal vesicles and their contents might play a role in intra- and extra-cellular remodeling, which is characteristic of cell differentiation. ..
  41. Hubert V, Peschel A, Langer B, Groger M, Rees A, Kain R. LAMP-2 is required for incorporating syntaxin-17 into autophagosomes and for their fusion with lysosomes. Biol Open. 2016;5:1516-1529 pubmed publisher
    ..The results have clear implications for situations associated with a reduction of LAMP-2 expression. ..
  42. Lacoste Collin L, Garcia V, Uro Coste E, Arne Bes M, Durand D, Levade T, et al. Danon's disease (X-linked vacuolar cardiomyopathy and myopathy): a case with a novel Lamp-2 gene mutation. Neuromuscul Disord. 2002;12:882-5 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, analysis of LAMP-2 protein expression in cultured fibroblasts revealed a primary deficiency of this lysosomal membrane protein. This defect resulted from a yet undescribed deletion in exon 7 of lamp-2 gene. ..
  43. Albertti L, Macedo A, Chiari E, Andrews N, Andrade L. Role of host lysosomal associated membrane protein (LAMP) in Trypanosoma cruzi invasion and intracellular development. Microbes Infect. 2010;12:784-9 pubmed publisher
    ..cruzi infection of host cells, both in entrance and intracellular development, conceivably by being the major source of sialic acid for T. cruzi. ..
  44. Dardik A, Smith R, Schultz R. Colocalization of transforming growth factor-alpha and a functional epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) to the inner cell mass and preferential localization of the EGFR on the basolateral surface of the trophectoderm in the mouse blastocyst. Dev Biol. 1992;154:396-409 pubmed
    ..The co-localization of TGF-alpha and functional EGFRs to the ICM and polar TE suggests potential autocrine, juxtacrine, and paracrine roles for TGF-alpha in blastocyst development. ..
  45. Hayashi H, Sano H, Seo S, Kume T. The Foxc2 transcription factor regulates angiogenesis via induction of integrin beta3 expression. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:23791-800 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, these results suggest that Foxc2 directly induces Itgb3 expression and regulates angiogenesis by Itgb3-mediated endothelial cell adhesion and migration. ..
  46. Pallerla S, Lawrence R, Lewejohann L, Pan Y, Fischer T, Schlomann U, et al. Altered heparan sulfate structure in mice with deleted NDST3 gene function. J Biol Chem. 2008;283:16885-94 pubmed publisher
  47. Reczek D, Schwake M, Schröder J, Hughes H, Blanz J, Jin X, et al. LIMP-2 is a receptor for lysosomal mannose-6-phosphate-independent targeting of beta-glucocerebrosidase. Cell. 2007;131:770-83 pubmed
    ..These data support a role for LIMP-2 as the mannose-6-phosphate-independent trafficking receptor for beta-glucocerebrosidase. ..
  48. Hubmacher D, Wang L, Mecham R, Reinhardt D, Apte S. Adamtsl2 deletion results in bronchial fibrillin microfibril accumulation and bronchial epithelial dysplasia--a novel mouse model providing insights into geleophysic dysplasia. Dis Model Mech. 2015;8:487-99 pubmed publisher
    ..Our studies suggest that the bronchial epithelial dysplasia accompanying microfibril dysregulation in Adamtsl2(-/-) mice cannot be reversed by TGFβ neutralization, and thus might be mediated by other mechanisms. ..
  49. Rajapakshe A, Podyma Inoue K, Terasawa K, Hasegawa K, Namba T, Kumei Y, et al. Lysosome-associated membrane proteins (LAMPs) regulate intracellular positioning of mitochondria in MC3T3-E1 cells. Exp Cell Res. 2015;331:211-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results suggest that LAMPs may regulate the positioning of lysosomes and mitochondria. A possible mechanism involving the indirect and context-dependent action of LAMPs is discussed. ..
  50. Weis V, Knowles B, Choi E, Goldstein A, Williams J, Manning E, et al. Loss of MYO5B in mice recapitulates Microvillus Inclusion Disease and reveals an apical trafficking pathway distinct to neonatal duodenum. Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016;2:131-157 pubmed
    ..However, the diarrheal pathology after MYO5B loss is due to deficits in transporter presentation at the apical membrane in duodenal enterocytes. ..
  51. Hara H, Ishihara C, Takeuchi A, Xue L, Morris S, Penninger J, et al. Cell type-specific regulation of ITAM-mediated NF-kappaB activation by the adaptors, CARMA1 and CARD9. J Immunol. 2008;181:918-30 pubmed
    ..Thus, NF-kappaB activation signaling through ITAM receptors is regulated by a cell type-specific mechanism depending on the usage of adaptors CARMA1 and CARD9, which determines the PKC dependence of the signaling. ..
  52. Kanamori H, Takemura G, Goto K, Maruyama R, Ono K, Nagao K, et al. Autophagy limits acute myocardial infarction induced by permanent coronary artery occlusion. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2011;300:H2261-71 pubmed publisher
    ..The present findings suggest that autophagy is an innate and potent process that protects cardiomyocytes from ischemic death during acute myocardial infarction. ..
  53. Marchetti L, Klein M, Schlett K, Pfizenmaier K, Eisel U. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated neuroprotection against glutamate-induced excitotoxicity is enhanced by N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor activation. Essential role of a TNF receptor 2-mediated phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase-dependent NF-kappa B path. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:32869-81 pubmed
    ..Thus, the duration of NF-kappa B activation is a critical determinant for sensitivity toward excitotoxic stress and is dependent on a differential upstream signal pathway usage of the two TNFRs. ..
  54. Coumailleau F, Das V, Alcover A, Raposo G, Vandormael Pournin S, Le Bras S, et al. Over-expression of Rififylin, a new RING finger and FYVE-like domain-containing protein, inhibits recycling from the endocytic recycling compartment. Mol Biol Cell. 2004;15:4444-56 pubmed
    ..Rffl overexpression represents a novel means to inhibit recycling that will help to understand the mechanisms involved in recycling from the ERC to the plasma membrane. ..
  55. Bertini E, Donati M, Broda P, Cassandrini D, Petrini S, Dionisi Vici C, et al. Phenotypic heterogeneity in two unrelated Danon patients associated with the same LAMP-2 gene mutation. Neuropediatrics. 2005;36:309-13 pubmed
    ..In both patients the immunohistochemical study demonstrated the absence of LAMP-2 in skeletal muscle. ..
  56. Nemazanyy I, Blaauw B, Paolini C, Caillaud C, Protasi F, Mueller A, et al. Defects of Vps15 in skeletal muscles lead to autophagic vacuolar myopathy and lysosomal disease. EMBO Mol Med. 2013;5:870-90 pubmed publisher
    ..However, an impaired lysosomal function in mutant cells is traced by accumulation of adaptor protein p62, LC3 and Lamp2 positive vesicles, which can be reverted to normal levels after ectopic overexpression of Vps15...
  57. Fehrenbacher N, Bastholm L, Kirkegaard Sørensen T, Rafn B, Bøttzauw T, Nielsen C, et al. Sensitization to the lysosomal cell death pathway by oncogene-induced down-regulation of lysosome-associated membrane proteins 1 and 2. Cancer Res. 2008;68:6623-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, knockdown of either lamp1 or lamp2 is sufficient to sensitize the cells to siramesine-induced cell death and photo-oxidation-induced lysosomal ..
  58. Jin N, Cho S, Raso M, Wistuba I, Smith Y, Yang Y, et al. Mig-6 is required for appropriate lung development and to ensure normal adult lung homeostasis. Development. 2009;136:3347-56 pubmed publisher
    ..These results demonstrate that Mig-6 is required for prenatal and perinatal lung development, in part through the regulation of EGF signaling, as well as for maintaining proper pulmonary vascularization. ..
  59. Pan J, Goodheart M, Chuma S, Nakatsuji N, Page D, Wang P. RNF17, a component of the mammalian germ cell nuage, is essential for spermiogenesis. Development. 2005;132:4029-39 pubmed
    ..Rnf17-null round spermatids advanced to step 4 but failed to produce sperm. These results have shown that RNF17 is a component of a novel germ cell nuage and is required for differentiation of male germ cells. ..
  60. Fields J, Dumaop W, Eleuteri S, Elueteri S, Campos S, Serger E, et al. HIV-1 Tat alters neuronal autophagy by modulating autophagosome fusion to the lysosome: implications for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders. J Neurosci. 2015;35:1921-38 pubmed publisher
    ..Therapies targeting Tat-mediated autophagy alterations may decrease neurodegeneration in aging patients with HAND. ..
  61. Kaushik S, Cuervo A. Degradation of lipid droplet-associated proteins by chaperone-mediated autophagy facilitates lipolysis. Nat Cell Biol. 2015;17:759-70 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose a role for CMA in LD biology and in the maintenance of lipid homeostasis. ..
  62. Furuta A, Kikuchi H, Fujita H, Yamada D, Fujiwara Y, Kabuta T, et al. Property of lysosomal storage disease associated with midbrain pathology in the central nervous system of Lamp-2-deficient mice. Am J Pathol. 2015;185:1713-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, LAMP-2 in the central nervous system has a possible role in the degradation of the various macromolecules in lysosomes and an additional function concerning protection from oxidative stress, especially in the substantia nigra. ..
  63. Shirahama Noda K, Yamamoto A, Sugihara K, Hashimoto N, Asano M, Nishimura M, et al. Biosynthetic processing of cathepsins and lysosomal degradation are abolished in asparaginyl endopeptidase-deficient mice. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:33194-9 pubmed
    ..Thus, the AEP deficiency caused the accumulation of macromolecules in the lysosomes, highlighting a pivotal role of AEP in the endosomal/lysosomal degradation system. ..
  64. Gurung R, Tan A, Ooms L, McGrath M, Huysmans R, Munday A, et al. Identification of a novel domain in two mammalian inositol-polyphosphate 5-phosphatases that mediates membrane ruffle localization. The inositol 5-phosphatase skip localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum and translocates to membrane ruffles following . J Biol Chem. 2003;278:11376-85 pubmed
    ..Collectively, these studies demonstrate a novel membrane-targeting domain that serves to recruit SKIP and PIPP to membrane ruffles. ..
  65. Murata Y, Sun Wada G, Yoshimizu T, Yamamoto A, Wada Y, Futai M. Differential localization of the vacuolar H+ pump with G subunit isoforms (G1 and G2) in mouse neurons. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:36296-303 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that G1 and G2 are bona fide subunits of V-ATPases and that the enzyme with the G2 isoform is involved in synaptic vesicle acidification. ..
  66. Tabuchi N, Akasaki K, Sasaki T, Kanda N, Tsuji H. Identification and characterization of a major lysosomal membrane glycoprotein, LGP85/LIMP II in mouse liver. J Biochem. 1997;122:756-63 pubmed
  67. Hashem S, Murphy A, Divakaruni A, Klos M, Nelson B, Gault E, et al. Impaired mitophagy facilitates mitochondrial damage in Danon disease. J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2017;108:86-94 pubmed publisher
    ..This suggests that impaired mitochondrial clearance may be central to the pathogenesis of disease and a potential target for therapeutic intervention. ..
  68. González Polo R, Boya P, Pauleau A, Jalil A, Larochette N, Souquere S, et al. The apoptosis/autophagy paradox: autophagic vacuolization before apoptotic death. J Cell Sci. 2005;118:3091-102 pubmed
    ..Here, we show that inactivation of LAMP2 by RNA interference or by homologous recombination leads to autophagic vacuolization in nutrient-depleted cells...
  69. Arndt V, Dick N, Tawo R, Dreiseidler M, Wenzel D, Hesse M, et al. Chaperone-assisted selective autophagy is essential for muscle maintenance. Curr Biol. 2010;20:143-8 pubmed publisher
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    ..We propose that local signals regulate AT2 stem-cell activity: a signal transduced by EGFR-KRAS controls self-renewal and is hijacked during oncogenesis, whereas another signal controls reprogramming to AT1 fate. ..
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    ..Thus, the family of LAMP-2 proteins is conserved from bird to mammals and the diversity is generated by alternative splicing of a single LAMP-2 gene. ..