Gene Symbol: Irf1
Description: interferon regulatory factor 1
Alias: AU020929, Irf-1, interferon regulatory factor 1
Species: mouse
Products:     Irf1

Top Publications

  1. Brien J, Daffis S, Lazear H, Cho H, Suthar M, Gale M, et al. Interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF-1) shapes both innate and CD8(+) T cell immune responses against West Nile virus infection. PLoS Pathog. 2011;7:e1002230 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, IRF-1 restricts WNV infection by modulating the expression of innate antiviral effector molecules while shaping the antigen-specific CD8(+) T cell response. ..
  2. Taniguchi T, Ogasawara K, Takaoka A, Tanaka N. IRF family of transcription factors as regulators of host defense. Annu Rev Immunol. 2001;19:623-55 pubmed
    ..Their functional roles, through interactions with their own or other members of the family of transcription factors, are becoming clearer in the regulation of host defense, such as innate and adaptive immune responses and oncogenesis. ..
  3. Yamada H, Mizuno S, Sugawara I. Interferon regulatory factor 1 in mycobacterial infection. Microbiol Immunol. 2002;46:751-60 pubmed
    ..IRF-1 is indirectly responsible for iNOS mRNA expression and plays an important role in the pathogenesis of murine tuberculosis. ..
  4. Maruyama S, Sumita K, Shen H, Kanoh M, Xu X, Sato M, et al. Identification of IFN regulatory factor-1 binding site in IL-12 p40 gene promoter. J Immunol. 2003;170:997-1001 pubmed
    ..While IFN-gamma must be present for IL-12 p40 gene induction, the p35 gene is strongly induced by LPS, even in the absence of IFN-gamma, and therefore the induction of the p35 gene is IRF-1 independent. ..
  5. Ramsauer K, Farlik M, Zupkovitz G, Seiser C, Kröger A, Hauser H, et al. Distinct modes of action applied by transcription factors STAT1 and IRF1 to initiate transcription of the IFN-gamma-inducible gbp2 gene. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:2849-54 pubmed
    A subgroup of genes induced by IFN-gamma requires both STAT1 and IRF1 for transcriptional activation. Using WT, stat1(-/-), or irf1(-/-) cells, we analyzed the changes induced by IFN-gamma in gbp2 promoter chromatin...
  6. Miyamoto M, Fujita T, Kimura Y, Maruyama M, Harada H, Sudo Y, et al. Regulated expression of a gene encoding a nuclear factor, IRF-1, that specifically binds to IFN-beta gene regulatory elements. Cell. 1988;54:903-13 pubmed
    ..Surprisingly, IRF-1 gene expression is dramatically induced by Newcastle disease virus in mouse L929 cells and by Concanavalin A in spleen cells. We show here that the IRF-1 gene possesses virus-inducible promoter. ..
  7. Fragale A, Gabriele L, Stellacci E, Borghi P, Perrotti E, Ilari R, et al. IFN regulatory factor-1 negatively regulates CD4+ CD25+ regulatory T cell differentiation by repressing Foxp3 expression. J Immunol. 2008;181:1673-82 pubmed
    ..We conclude that IRF-1 is a key negative regulator of CD4(+)CD25(+) Treg cells through direct repression of Foxp3 expression. ..
  8. Lohoff M, Duncan G, Ferrick D, Mittrucker H, Bischof S, Prechtl S, et al. Deficiency in the transcription factor interferon regulatory factor (IRF)-2 leads to severely compromised development of natural killer and T helper type 1 cells. J Exp Med. 2000;192:325-36 pubmed
    ..Mechanistically, IRF-2 may act as a functional agonist rather than antagonist of IRF-1 for some, but not all, IFN-stimulated regulatory element (ISRE)-responsive genes. ..
  9. Ksienzyk A, Neumann B, Nandakumar R, Finsterbusch K, Grashoff M, Zawatzky R, et al. IRF-1 expression is essential for natural killer cells to suppress metastasis. Cancer Res. 2011;71:6410-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our findings establish IRF-1 as an essential mediator of the cross-talk between tumor cells and NK cells that mediate immune surveillance in the metastatic niche. ..

More Information


  1. Shiraishi A, Dudler J, Lotz M. The role of IFN regulatory factor-1 in synovitis and nitric oxide production. J Immunol. 1997;159:3549-54 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that IRF-1 has a tissue-specific role in the induction of iNOS. Inhibition of this transcription factor may represent a novel approach in controlling inflammatory diseases such as arthritis. ..
  2. Kano S, Sato K, Morishita Y, Vollstedt S, Kim S, Bishop K, et al. The contribution of transcription factor IRF1 to the interferon-gamma-interleukin 12 signaling axis and TH1 versus TH-17 differentiation of CD4+ T cells. Nat Immunol. 2008;9:34-41 pubmed
    ..Here we show that the IFN-gamma-induced transcription factor IRF1 was essential in T(H)1 differentiation by acting on Il12rb1, the gene encoding the IL-12 receptor beta1 subunit (IL-..
  3. White L, Wright K, Felix N, Ruffner H, Reis L, Pine R, et al. Regulation of LMP2 and TAP1 genes by IRF-1 explains the paucity of CD8+ T cells in IRF-1-/- mice. Immunity. 1996;5:365-76 pubmed
    ..The role of IRF-1 in the regulation of TAP1 and LMP2 suggests a mechanism for the antiviral properties of IRF-1 and the unexpected deficiency of CD8+ T cells observed in IRF-1-/- mice...
  4. Kimura T, Kadokawa Y, Harada H, Matsumoto M, Sato M, Kashiwazaki Y, et al. Essential and non-redundant roles of p48 (ISGF3 gamma) and IRF-1 in both type I and type II interferon responses, as revealed by gene targeting studies. Genes Cells. 1996;1:115-24 pubmed
    ..p48 and IRF-1 do not perform redundant functions in the cell, but rather complement one another in both type I and II IFN responses. ..
  5. Stirnweiss A, Ksienzyk A, Klages K, Rand U, Grashoff M, Hauser H, et al. IFN regulatory factor-1 bypasses IFN-mediated antiviral effects through viperin gene induction. J Immunol. 2010;184:5179-85 pubmed publisher
    ..This mechanism becomes important when viruses evade innate immunity by antagonizing the induction and function of the IFN system. ..
  6. Gabriele L, Fragale A, Borghi P, Sestili P, Stellacci E, Venditti M, et al. IRF-1 deficiency skews the differentiation of dendritic cells toward plasmacytoid and tolerogenic features. J Leukoc Biol. 2006;80:1500-11 pubmed
    ..Together, these results indicate that IRF-1 is a key regulator of DC differentiation and maturation, exerting a variety of effects on the functional activation and tolerogenic potential of these cells...
  7. Matsuyama T, Kimura T, Kitagawa M, Pfeffer K, Kawakami T, Watanabe N, et al. Targeted disruption of IRF-1 or IRF-2 results in abnormal type I IFN gene induction and aberrant lymphocyte development. Cell. 1993;75:83-97 pubmed
    b>Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1), a transcriptional activator, and its antagonistic repressor, IRF-2, were originally identified as regulators of the type I interferon (IFN) system...
  8. Kimura T, Nakayama K, Penninger J, Kitagawa M, Harada H, Matsuyama T, et al. Involvement of the IRF-1 transcription factor in antiviral responses to interferons. Science. 1994;264:1921-4 pubmed
    ..Thus, IRF-1 is necessary for the antiviral action of IFNs against some viruses, but IFNs activate multiple activation pathways through diverse target genes to induce the antiviral state. ..
  9. Reis L, Ruffner H, Stark G, Aguet M, Weissmann C. Mice devoid of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) show normal expression of type I interferon genes. EMBO J. 1994;13:4798-806 pubmed
    The transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) binds tightly to the interferon (IFN)-beta promoter and has been implicated in the induction of type I IFNs...
  10. Romeo G, Fiorucci G, Chiantore M, Percario Z, Vannucchi S, Affabris E. IRF-1 as a negative regulator of cell proliferation. J Interferon Cytokine Res. 2002;22:39-47 pubmed
  11. Feng C, Watanabe S, Maruyama S, Suzuki G, Sato M, Furuta T, et al. An alternate pathway for type 1 T cell differentiation. Int Immunol. 1999;11:1185-94 pubmed
    ..This leads to the hypothesis that the IL-12-independent novel pathway for inducing IFN-gamma-producing T cells is distinct from the classical type 1/type 2 T cell subset differentiation pathway. ..
  12. Fortier A, Doiron K, Saleh M, Grinstein S, Gros P. Restriction of Legionella pneumophila replication in macrophages requires concerted action of the transcriptional regulators Irf1 and Irf8 and nod-like receptors Naip5 and Nlrc4. Infect Immun. 2009;77:4794-805 pubmed publisher
    ..pneumophila infection suggested that two members of the Irf transcriptional regulator family, Irf1 and Irf8, are regulated in response to Naip5 sensing of L. pneumophila...
  13. Kollet J, Petro T. IRF-1 and NF-kappaB p50/cRel bind to distinct regions of the proximal murine IL-12 p35 promoter during costimulation with IFN-gamma and LPS. Mol Immunol. 2006;43:623-33 pubmed
    ..Thus, cRel with IRF-1 induce p35 expression through a small region of the p35 exon 2 promoter during IFN-gamma and LPS costimulation of macrophages. ..
  14. Liu J, Guan X, Tamura T, Ozato K, Ma X. Synergistic activation of interleukin-12 p35 gene transcription by interferon regulatory factor-1 and interferon consensus sequence-binding protein. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:55609-17 pubmed
    ..This study provides novel mechanistic information on how signals initiated during innate and adaptive immune responses synergize to yield greater IL-12 production and sustained cellular immunity. ..
  15. Kim P, Armstrong M, Liu Y, Yan P, Bucher B, Zuckerbraun B, et al. IRF-1 expression induces apoptosis and inhibits tumor growth in mouse mammary cancer cells in vitro and in vivo. Oncogene. 2004;23:1125-35 pubmed
    ..The mechanism of apoptosis may involve the transcriptional upregulation of bak, caspase-8, and caspase-7 expression. These data support the antitumor potential of IRF-1 and the use of agents that increase IRF-1 in breast cancer. ..
  16. Negishi H, Fujita Y, Yanai H, Sakaguchi S, Ouyang X, Shinohara M, et al. Evidence for licensing of IFN-gamma-induced IFN regulatory factor 1 transcription factor by MyD88 in Toll-like receptor-dependent gene induction program. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:15136-41 pubmed
    ..In this study we demonstrate that IRF1, which is induced by IFN-gamma, also interacts with and is activated by MyD88 upon TLR activation...
  17. Harada H, Fujita T, Miyamoto M, Kimura Y, Maruyama M, Furia A, et al. Structurally similar but functionally distinct factors, IRF-1 and IRF-2, bind to the same regulatory elements of IFN and IFN-inducible genes. Cell. 1989;58:729-39 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that transcription of the IFN and IFN-inducible genes is regulated by two similar trans-acting factors that apparently compete for the same cis-acting recognition sequences, but which have opposite effects. ..
  18. Salkowski C, Kopydlowski K, Blanco J, Cody M, McNally R, Vogel S. IL-12 is dysregulated in macrophages from IRF-1 and IRF-2 knockout mice. J Immunol. 1999;163:1529-36 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that both IRF-1 and IRF-2 are critical transcription factors in the regulation of macrophage IL-12 and consequently IFN-gamma production. ..
  19. Kamijo R, Harada H, Matsuyama T, Bosland M, Gerecitano J, Shapiro D, et al. Requirement for transcription factor IRF-1 in NO synthase induction in macrophages. Science. 1994;263:1612-5 pubmed
    ..Infection with Mycobacterium bovis (BCG) was more severe in IRF-1-/- mice than in wild-type mice. Thus, IRF-1 is essential for iNOS activation in murine macrophages. ..
  20. Penninger J, Sirard C, Mittrucker H, Chidgey A, Kozieradzki I, Nghiem M, et al. The interferon regulatory transcription factor IRF-1 controls positive and negative selection of CD8+ thymocytes. Immunity. 1997;7:243-54 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that IRF-1 regulates gene expression in developing thymocytes required for lineage commitment and selection of CD8+ thymocytes. ..
  21. Liu J, Guan X, Ma X. Interferon regulatory factor 1 is an essential and direct transcriptional activator for interferon {gamma}-induced RANTES/CCl5 expression in macrophages. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:24347-55 pubmed
    b>Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) is an important transcription factor in interferon gamma (IFNgamma)-mediated signaling in the development and function of NK cells and cytotoxic T lymphocytes...
  22. Dixit E, Boulant S, Zhang Y, Lee A, Odendall C, Shum B, et al. Peroxisomes are signaling platforms for antiviral innate immunity. Cell. 2010;141:668-81 pubmed publisher
    ..The interferon regulatory factor IRF1 plays a crucial role in regulating MAVS-dependent signaling from peroxisomes...
  23. Xiong H, Zhu C, Li H, Chen F, Mayer L, Ozato K, et al. Complex formation of the interferon (IFN) consensus sequence-binding protein with IRF-1 is essential for murine macrophage IFN-gamma-induced iNOS gene expression. J Biol Chem. 2003;278:2271-7 pubmed
    ..Complex formation of ICSBP with IRF-1 is essential for iNOS expression, and interleukin-4 attenuates the physical interaction of ICSBP with IRF-1 resulting in the inhibition of INOS gene expression. ..
  24. Nozawa H, Oda E, Nakao K, Ishihara M, Ueda S, Yokochi T, et al. Loss of transcription factor IRF-1 affects tumor susceptibility in mice carrying the Ha-ras transgene or nullizygosity for p53. Genes Dev. 1999;13:1240-5 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that IRF-1 is a new member of the tumor susceptibility genes. ..
  25. Pavlovic D, Chen M, Gysemans C, Mathieu C, Eizirik D. The role of interferon regulatory factor-1 in cytokine-induced mRNA expression and cell death in murine pancreatic beta-cells. Eur Cytokine Netw. 1999;10:403-12 pubmed
    ..These effects are absent in purified beta-cells, suggesting that IRF-1 may mediate its effects on whole islets via activation of non-endocrine cells (e.g. macrophages and ductal cells) present in these preparations. ..
  26. Mamane Y, Heylbroeck C, Genin P, Algarte M, Servant M, Lepage C, et al. Interferon regulatory factors: the next generation. Gene. 1999;237:1-14 pubmed
    ..The aim of this review is to provide an update on the novel discoveries in the area of IRF transcription factors and the important roles of the new generation of IRFs--particularly IRF-3, IRF-4 and IRF-7. ..
  27. Tanaka N, Taniguchi T. Cytokine gene regulation: regulatory cis-elements and DNA binding factors involved in the interferon system. Adv Immunol. 1992;52:263-81 pubmed
  28. Venkatesh D, Ernandez T, Rosetti F, Batal I, Cullere X, Luscinskas F, et al. Endothelial TNF receptor 2 induces IRF1 transcription factor-dependent interferon-? autocrine signaling to promote monocyte recruitment. Immunity. 2013;38:1025-37 pubmed publisher
    ..The TNF receptors signaled through interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF1) to induce interferon-? (IFN-?) and subsequent autocrine signaling via the type I IFN receptor and the ..
  29. Mancuso G, Gambuzza M, Midiri A, Biondo C, Papasergi S, Akira S, et al. Bacterial recognition by TLR7 in the lysosomes of conventional dendritic cells. Nat Immunol. 2009;10:587-94 pubmed publisher
    ..dendritic cells by a mechanism that required Toll-like receptor 7, the adaptor MyD88 and the transcription factor IRF1, all of which localized together with bacterial products in degradative vacuoles bearing lysosomal markers...
  30. Barber S, Fultz M, Salkowski C, Vogel S. Differential expression of interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1), IRF-2, and interferon consensus sequence binding protein genes in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-responsive and LPS-hyporesponsive macrophages. Infect Immun. 1995;63:601-8 pubmed
    ..Thus, the IRFs may represent yet an additional molecular pathway in the complex response to LPS. ..
  31. Liu J, Cao S, Herman L, Ma X. Differential regulation of interleukin (IL)-12 p35 and p40 gene expression and interferon (IFN)-gamma-primed IL-12 production by IFN regulatory factor 1. J Exp Med. 2003;198:1265-76 pubmed
    ..Thus, IRF-1 acts as a critical component of IFN-gamma signaling in the selective activation of IL-12 p35 transcription in synergy with LPS-mediated events. ..
  32. Schmitz F, Heit A, Guggemoos S, Krug A, Mages J, Schiemann M, et al. Interferon-regulatory-factor 1 controls Toll-like receptor 9-mediated IFN-beta production in myeloid dendritic cells. Eur J Immunol. 2007;37:315-27 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that TLR-9 activation of mDC and macrophages contributes to antiviral immunity via IRF-1. ..
  33. Taki S, Sato T, Ogasawara K, Fukuda T, Sato M, Hida S, et al. Multistage regulation of Th1-type immune responses by the transcription factor IRF-1. Immunity. 1997;6:673-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicate the involvement of IRF-1 in multiple stages of the Th1 limb of the immune response. ..
  34. Taniguchi T, Lamphier M, Tanaka N. IRF-1: the transcription factor linking the interferon response and oncogenesis. Biochim Biophys Acta. 1997;1333:M9-17 pubmed
  35. Senaldi G, Shaklee C, Guo J, Martin L, Boone T, Mak T, et al. Protection against the mortality associated with disease models mediated by TNF and IFN-gamma in mice lacking IFN regulatory factor-1. J Immunol. 1999;163:6820-6 pubmed
    ..The lack of IRF-1 appears to result in impaired production of TNF and IFN-gamma, reflecting a down-regulation of gene expression in the liver and spleen as well as a reduction in the number of splenic cells. ..
  36. Salkowski C, Barber S, Detore G, Vogel S. Differential dysregulation of nitric oxide production in macrophages with targeted disruptions in IFN regulatory factor-1 and -2 genes. J Immunol. 1996;156:3107-10 pubmed
    ..synthase mRNA in response to IFN-gamma and LPS. These results indicate that IRF-1 and IRF-2 differ in their mechanism of NO. regulation and that IRF-2 regulates inducible NO. synthase post-transcriptionally. ..
  37. Ko J, Gendron Fitzpatrick A, Splitter G. Susceptibility of IFN regulatory factor-1 and IFN consensus sequence binding protein-deficient mice to brucellosis. J Immunol. 2002;168:2433-40 pubmed
  38. Honda K, Yanai H, Negishi H, Asagiri M, Sato M, Mizutani T, et al. IRF-7 is the master regulator of type-I interferon-dependent immune responses. Nature. 2005;434:772-7 pubmed
    ..Thus, all elements of IFN responses, whether the systemic production of IFN in innate immunity or the local action of IFN from plasmacytoid dendritic cells in adaptive immunity, are under the control of IRF-7. ..
  39. Vila del Sol V, Punzon C, Fresno M. IFN-gamma-induced TNF-alpha expression is regulated by interferon regulatory factors 1 and 8 in mouse macrophages. J Immunol. 2008;181:4461-70 pubmed
    ..In summary, IFN-gamma treatment induces TNF-alpha expression at transcriptional level requiring the coordinate action of IRF-1 and IRF-8. ..
  40. Iadecola C, Salkowski C, Zhang F, Aber T, Nagayama M, Vogel S, et al. The transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 1 is expressed after cerebral ischemia and contributes to ischemic brain injury. J Exp Med. 1999;189:719-27 pubmed
    The transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) is involved in the molecular mechanisms of inflammation and apoptosis, processes that contribute to ischemic brain injury...
  41. Tan R, Feng C, Asano Y, Kara A. Altered immune response of interferon regulatory factor 1-deficient mice against Plasmodium berghei blood-stage malaria infection. Infect Immun. 1999;67:2277-83 pubmed
    ..In the present study, we used mice devoid of functional interferon regulatory factor 1 by targeted gene disruption (IRF-1(-/-)) to investigate the role of NO in the host immune response ..
  42. Fujita T, Kimura Y, Miyamoto M, Barsoumian E, Taniguchi T. Induction of endogenous IFN-alpha and IFN-beta genes by a regulatory transcription factor, IRF-1. Nature. 1989;337:270-2 pubmed
    ..This may be the first demonstration of the specific induction of silent chromosomal genes by transfection of a single transcription factor gene in mammalian cells. ..
  43. Nakaoka H, Mogi M, Suzuki J, Kan No H, Min L, Iwanami J, et al. Interferon regulatory factor 1 attenuates vascular remodeling; roles of angiotensin II type 2 receptor. J Am Soc Hypertens. 2016;10:811-818 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate IRF-1 is one of the key transcriptional factors for the prevention of neointimal formation involving AT2 receptors. ..
  44. Nozaki T, Masutani M, Sugimura T, Takato T, Wakabayashi K. Abrogation of G1 arrest after DNA damage is associated with constitutive overexpression of Mdm2, Cdk4, and Irf1 mRNAs in the BALB/c 3T3 A31 variant 1-1 clone. Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1997;233:216-20 pubmed
    ..In addition, overexpression of a growth-suppressive transcription factor, Irf1, a putative key molecule in the p53-independent pathway after DNA damage, was also observed, although the relation ..
  45. Prost S, Bellamy C, Cunningham D, Harrison D. Altered DNA repair and dysregulation of p53 in IRF-1 null hepatocytes. FASEB J. 1998;12:181-8 pubmed
    ..Hence, in hepatocytes, IRF-1 is not required for growth arrest or apoptosis after DNA damage, but the results suggest for the first time a role in DNA repair regulation. ..
  46. Fritsche G, Dlaska M, Barton H, Theurl I, Garimorth K, Weiss G. Nramp1 functionality increases inducible nitric oxide synthase transcription via stimulation of IFN regulatory factor 1 expression. J Immunol. 2003;171:1994-8 pubmed
    ..Enhanced NO expression may partly underlie the protection against infection with intracellular pathogens by Nramp1 functionality. ..
  47. Kobayashi E, Suzuki T, Funayama R, Nagashima T, Hayashi M, Sekine H, et al. Nrf2 suppresses macrophage inflammatory response by blocking proinflammatory cytokine transcription. Nat Commun. 2016;7:11624 pubmed publisher
    ..This study identifies Nrf2 as the upstream regulator of cytokine production and establishes a molecular basis for an Nrf2-mediated anti-inflammation approach. ..
  48. Fantuzzi G, Reed D, Qi M, Scully S, Dinarello C, Senaldi G. Role of interferon regulatory factor-1 in the regulation of IL-18 production and activity. Eur J Immunol. 2001;31:369-75 pubmed
    ..In conclusion, IRF-1 regulates IL-18 production and activity mostly by modulating expression of caspase-1 and IL-18BP. In addition, IRF-1 participates in the induction of IFN-gamma by IL-18. ..
  49. Parker D, Prince A. Staphylococcus aureus induces type I IFN signaling in dendritic cells via TLR9. J Immunol. 2012;189:4040-6 pubmed publisher
    ..participation of endosomal and not cytosolic receptors, signaling was predominantly mediated by MyD88, TLR9, and IRF1 and blocked by cytochalasin D, dynasore, and chloroquine...
  50. Krulova M, Havelková H, Kosarová M, Holan V, Hart A, Demant P, et al. IL-2-induced proliferative response is controlled by loci Cinda1 and Cinda2 on mouse chromosomes 11 and 12: a distinct control of the response induced by different IL-2 concentrations. Genomics. 1997;42:11-5 pubmed
    ..Understanding the action of genetic factors, such as Cinda1 and Cinda2, that control T cell function is expected to contribute to the efficient analysis of the genetic control of susceptibility to infections and autoimmune diseases. ..
  51. Jiang D, Li L, Huang L, Gong J, Xia H, Liu X, et al. Interferon regulatory factor 1 is required for cardiac remodeling in response to pressure overload. Hypertension. 2014;64:77-86 pubmed publisher
    b>Interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF1), a critical member of the IRF family, was previously shown to be associated with the immune system and to be involved in apoptosis and tumor suppression...
  52. Zhang L, Cardinal J, Pan P, Rosborough B, Chang Y, Yan W, et al. Splenocyte apoptosis and autophagy is mediated by interferon regulatory factor 1 during murine endotoxemia. Shock. 2012;37:511-7 pubmed publisher
    ..In the present study, we demonstrate that interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) regulates both immune cell apoptosis and autophagy in a murine endotoxemia model...
  53. Ueki S, Dhupar R, Cardinal J, Tsung A, Yoshida J, Ozaki K, et al. Critical role of interferon regulatory factor-1 in murine liver transplant ischemia reperfusion injury. Hepatology. 2010;51:1692-701 pubmed publisher
    ..However, LTx with chimeric liver grafts showed that grafts lacking hepatocellular IRF-1 had better protection compared with those lacking IRF-1 in NPC. The study identifies a critical role for IRF-1 in liver transplant I/R injury. ..
  54. Hayashi T, Horiuchi A, Sano K, Yaegashi N, Konishi I. Uterine Leiomyosarcoma Tumorigenesis in Lmp2-deficient Mice: Involvement of Impaired Anti-oncogenic Factor IRF1. Anticancer Res. 2015;35:4665-79 pubmed to activate the expression of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ)-responsive genes, interferon regulatory factor-1 (IRF1) has been shown to play roles in the immune response, and tumor suppression...
  55. Riego E, Perez A, Martinez R, Castro F, Lleonart R, de la Fuente J. Differential constitutive expression of interferon genes in early mouse embryos. Mol Reprod Dev. 1995;41:157-66 pubmed
    ..Mu IFN-alpha A and a new Mu IFN-alpha species (Mu IFN-alpha 12) were isolated from (D-) P19 cells. The presence of constitutive IFN-alpha transcripts in early mouse embryos suggests a role for these molecules during embryogenesis. ..
  56. Piccolo V, Curina A, Genua M, Ghisletti S, Simonatto M, Sabò A, et al. Opposing macrophage polarization programs show extensive epigenomic and transcriptional cross-talk. Nat Immunol. 2017;18:530-540 pubmed publisher
    ..For instance, while binding motifs for the transcription factors STAT1 and IRF1 were associated with robust and IL-4-resistant responses to IFN-γ, their coexistence with binding sites for ..
  57. Cao Z, Dhupar R, Cai C, Li P, Billiar T, Geller D. A critical role for IFN regulatory factor 1 in NKT cell-mediated liver injury induced by alpha-galactosylceramide. J Immunol. 2010;185:2536-43 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings revealed a novel mechanism of NKT cell-mediated liver injury in mice, which has implications in the development of human liver diseases. ..
  58. Maloney N, Thackray L, Goel G, Hwang S, Duan E, Vachharajani P, et al. Essential cell-autonomous role for interferon (IFN) regulatory factor 1 in IFN-?-mediated inhibition of norovirus replication in macrophages. J Virol. 2012;86:12655-64 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report that the transcription factor interferon regulatory factor 1 (IRF-1) is required for control of murine NV (MNV) replication and pathogenesis in vivo...
  59. Masuda K, Ripley B, Nyati K, Dubey P, Zaman M, Hanieh H, et al. Arid5a regulates naive CD4+ T cell fate through selective stabilization of Stat3 mRNA. J Exp Med. 2016;213:605-19 pubmed publisher
    ..These cells displayed the feature of antiinflammatory (Il10-expressing) CD4(+)T cells. Thus, we show a T cell-intrinsic role of Arid5a on fate decisions of naive CD4(+)T cells through selective stabilization of Stat3 mRNA. ..
  60. Jin Z, Mori K, Fujimori K, Hoshikawa S, Tani J, Satoh J, et al. Experimental autoimmune thyroiditis in nonobese diabetic mice lacking interferon regulatory factor-1. Clin Immunol. 2004;113:187-92 pubmed
    ..Lack of IRF-1 resulted in decreased CD8+ T cell number in the spleen and reduced IFNgamma production by splenocytes. Our results suggest that IRF-1 is not pivotal in EAT in NOD mice. ..
  61. Bourgeois C, Majer O, Frohner I, Lesiak Markowicz I, Hildering K, Glaser W, et al. Conventional dendritic cells mount a type I IFN response against Candida spp. requiring novel phagosomal TLR7-mediated IFN-? signaling. J Immunol. 2011;186:3104-12 pubmed publisher
    ..Strikingly, TLR7, MyD88, and IRF1 are essential for IFN-? signaling...
  62. Leppänen T, Korhonen R, Laavola M, Nieminen R, Tuominen R, Moilanen E. Down-regulation of protein kinase C? inhibits inducible nitric oxide synthase expression through IRF1. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e52741 pubmed publisher
    ..PKC? directed siRNA and inhibition of PKC? by rottlerin suppressed also the expression of transcription factor IRF1, possibly through inhibition of STAT1 activation...
  63. Wessely R, Hengst L, Jaschke B, Wegener F, Richter T, Lupetti R, et al. A central role of interferon regulatory factor-1 for the limitation of neointimal hyperplasia. Hum Mol Genet. 2003;12:177-87 pubmed
    ..In addition, IRF-1 may be an interesting target for interventions to prevent neointimal hyperplasia. ..
  64. Woo A, Wieland K, Huang H, Akie T, Piers T, Kim J, et al. Developmental differences in IFN signaling affect GATA1s-induced megakaryocyte hyperproliferation. J Clin Invest. 2013;: pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that increased type I IFN signaling contributes to the developmental stage-specific effects of GATA1s and possibly the spontaneous resolution of DS-TMD. ..