Gene Symbol: Hdac1
Description: histone deacetylase 1
Alias: HD1, Hdac1-ps, MommeD5, RPD3, histone deacetylase 1
Species: mouse
Products:     Hdac1

Top Publications

  1. Zupkovitz G, Grausenburger R, Brunmeir R, Senese S, Tischler J, Jurkin J, et al. The cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor p21 is a crucial target for histone deacetylase 1 as a regulator of cellular proliferation. Mol Cell Biol. 2010;30:1171-81 pubmed publisher
    ..b>HDAC1 is required for mouse development and unrestricted proliferation of embryonic stem cells...
  2. Rodriguez P, Bonte E, Krijgsveld J, Kolodziej K, Guyot B, Heck A, et al. GATA-1 forms distinct activating and repressive complexes in erythroid cells. EMBO J. 2005;24:2354-66 pubmed
    ..Based on these findings, we suggest a model for the different roles of GATA-1 in erythroid differentiation. ..
  3. Winter M, Moser M, Meunier D, Fischer C, Machat G, Mattes K, et al. Divergent roles of HDAC1 and HDAC2 in the regulation of epidermal development and tumorigenesis. EMBO J. 2013;32:3176-91 pubmed publisher
    The histone deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC2 remove acetyl moieties from lysine residues of histones and other proteins and are important regulators of gene expression...
  4. Grausenburger R, Bilic I, Boucheron N, Zupkovitz G, El Housseiny L, Tschismarov R, et al. Conditional deletion of histone deacetylase 1 in T cells leads to enhanced airway inflammation and increased Th2 cytokine production. J Immunol. 2010;185:3489-97 pubmed publisher
    ..In this article, we show by conditional gene targeting that T cell-specific loss of HDAC1 led to an increased inflammatory response in an in vivo allergic airway inflammation model...
  5. Potts R, Zhang P, Wurster A, Precht P, Mughal M, Wood W, et al. CHD5, a brain-specific paralog of Mi2 chromatin remodeling enzymes, regulates expression of neuronal genes. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e24515 pubmed publisher
    ..CHD5 regulates expression of neuronal genes, cell cycle genes and remodeling genes. CHD5 is linked to regulation of genes implicated in aging and Alzheimer's disease. ..
  6. Jurkin J, Zupkovitz G, Lagger S, Grausenburger R, Hagelkruys A, Kenner L, et al. Distinct and redundant functions of histone deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC2 in proliferation and tumorigenesis. Cell Cycle. 2011;10:406-12 pubmed
    ..or knockdown approaches reveal both specific and redundant functions of the closely related class I deacetylases HDAC1 and HDAC2 in the control of proliferation and differentiation...
  7. Guan J, Haggarty S, Giacometti E, Dannenberg J, Joseph N, Gao J, et al. HDAC2 negatively regulates memory formation and synaptic plasticity. Nature. 2009;459:55-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we show that neuron-specific overexpression of HDAC2, but not that of HDAC1, decreased dendritic spine density, synapse number, synaptic plasticity and memory formation...
  8. Zupkovitz G, Tischler J, Posch M, Sadzak I, Ramsauer K, Egger G, et al. Negative and positive regulation of gene expression by mouse histone deacetylase 1. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:7913-28 pubmed
    ..In this report, we analyzed the role of the class I histone deacetylase HDAC1 as a transcriptional regulator by comparing the expression profiles of wild-type and HDAC1-deficient embryonic ..
  9. Peinado H, Ballestar E, Esteller M, Cano A. Snail mediates E-cadherin repression by the recruitment of the Sin3A/histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1)/HDAC2 complex. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:306-19 pubmed
    ..Most importantly, we demonstrate an interaction between Snail, histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and HDAC2, and the corepressor mSin3A...

More Information


  1. Blewitt M, Vickaryous N, Hemley S, Ashe A, Bruxner T, Preis J, et al. An N-ethyl-N-nitrosourea screen for genes involved in variegation in the mouse. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2005;102:7629-34 pubmed
    ..The study demonstrates the power of sensitized screens in the mouse not only for the discovery of novel genes involved in a particular process but also for the elucidation of the biology of that process. ..
  2. Montgomery R, Hsieh J, Barbosa A, Richardson J, Olson E. Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 control the progression of neural precursors to neurons during brain development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:7876-81 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that HDAC1 and HDAC2 redundantly control neuronal development and are required for neuronal specification...
  3. LeBoeuf M, Terrell A, Trivedi S, Sinha S, Epstein J, Olson E, et al. Hdac1 and Hdac2 act redundantly to control p63 and p53 functions in epidermal progenitor cells. Dev Cell. 2010;19:807-18 pubmed publisher
    ..We find that deletion of ectodermal Hdac1 and Hdac2 results in dramatic failure of hair follicle specification and epidermal proliferation and ..
  4. Dovey O, Foster C, Conte N, Edwards S, Edwards J, Singh R, et al. Histone deacetylase 1 and 2 are essential for normal T-cell development and genomic stability in mice. Blood. 2013;121:1335-44 pubmed publisher
    b>Histone deacetylase 1 and 2 (HDAC1/2) regulate chromatin structure as the catalytic core of the Sin3A, NuRD and CoREST co-repressor complexes...
  5. Gottlieb P, Pierce S, Sims R, Yamagishi H, Weihe E, Harriss J, et al. Bop encodes a muscle-restricted protein containing MYND and SET domains and is essential for cardiac differentiation and morphogenesis. Nat Genet. 2002;31:25-32 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that m-Bop is essential for cardiomyocyte differentiation and cardiac morphogenesis. ..
  6. Ballas N, Grunseich C, Lu D, Speh J, Mandel G. REST and its corepressors mediate plasticity of neuronal gene chromatin throughout neurogenesis. Cell. 2005;121:645-657 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, a multistage repressor mechanism controls the orderly expression of genes during development while still permitting fine tuning in response to specific stimuli. ..
  7. Akhtar M, Raingo J, Nelson E, Montgomery R, Olson E, Kavalali E, et al. Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 form a developmental switch that controls excitatory synapse maturation and function. J Neurosci. 2009;29:8288-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Class I HDACs, which include HDAC1 and HDAC2, are expressed in the CNS, although their specific role in neuronal function has not been studied...
  8. Saleque S, Kim J, Rooke H, Orkin S. Epigenetic regulation of hematopoietic differentiation by Gfi-1 and Gfi-1b is mediated by the cofactors CoREST and LSD1. Mol Cell. 2007;27:562-72 pubmed
    ..Lineage-restricted deployment of these cofactors through interaction with Gfi proteins controls hematopoietic differentiation. ..
  9. Ma P, Schultz R. Histone deacetylase 2 (HDAC2) regulates chromosome segregation and kinetochore function via H4K16 deacetylation during oocyte maturation in mouse. PLoS Genet. 2013;9:e1003377 pubmed publisher
    ..We report here that mice harboring Hdac1(-/+)/Hdac2(-/-) or Hdac2(-/-) oocytes are infertile or sub-fertile, respectively...
  10. Duong H, Weitz C. Temporal orchestration of repressive chromatin modifiers by circadian clock Period complexes. Nat Struct Mol Biol. 2014;21:126-32 pubmed publisher
    ..HP1?-Suv39h was recruited to the Per1 and Per2 promoters ~4 h after recruitment of HDAC1, a PER-associated protein previously implicated in clock function and H3K9 deacetylation at the Per1 promoter...
  11. Zhong H, May M, Jimi E, Ghosh S. The phosphorylation status of nuclear NF-kappa B determines its association with CBP/p300 or HDAC-1. Mol Cell. 2002;9:625-36 pubmed
    ..Our results demonstrate that phosphorylation of p65 determines whether it associates with either CBP or HDAC-1, ensuring that only p65 entering the nucleus from cytoplasmic NF-kappa B:Ikappa B complexes can activate transcription. ..
  12. Haberland M, Johnson A, Mokalled M, Montgomery R, Olson E. Genetic dissection of histone deacetylase requirement in tumor cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:7751-5 pubmed publisher
    ..in clinical development act by unspecifically interfering with the enzymatic activity of all class I HDACs (HDAC1, 2, 3, and 8), and it is widely believed that the development of isoform-specific HDACi could lead to better ..
  13. Ma P, Pan H, Montgomery R, Olson E, Schultz R. Compensatory functions of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and HDAC2 regulate transcription and apoptosis during mouse oocyte development. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:E481-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We report the effect of conditionally deleting Hdac1 and Hdac2 on oocyte development...
  14. Brunmeir R, Lagger S, Seiser C. Histone deacetylase HDAC1/HDAC2-controlled embryonic development and cell differentiation. Int J Dev Biol. 2009;53:275-89 pubmed publisher
    ..In this review, we focus on the functions of the class I enzymes HDAC1 and HDAC2 during development in different organisms and summarise the current knowledge about their involvement in ..
  15. Bahari Javan S, Maddalena A, Kerimoglu C, Wittnam J, Held T, Bahr M, et al. HDAC1 regulates fear extinction in mice. J Neurosci. 2012;32:5062-73 pubmed publisher
    ..However, little is known about the role of individual HDAC proteins during the pathogenesis of brain diseases. HDAC1 was found to be upregulated in patients suffering from neuropsychiatric diseases...
  16. Lagger S, Meunier D, Mikula M, Brunmeir R, Schlederer M, Artaker M, et al. Crucial function of histone deacetylase 1 for differentiation of teratomas in mice and humans. EMBO J. 2010;29:3992-4007 pubmed publisher
    ..However, the specific HDAC isoforms that mediate these effects are not yet identified. To explore the role of HDAC1 in tumourigenesis and tumour proliferation, we established an experimental teratoma model using wild-type and ..
  17. Dovey O, Foster C, Cowley S. Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1), but not HDAC2, controls embryonic stem cell differentiation. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:8242-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Although tissue-specific deletion of HDAC1 and HDAC2 has demonstrated functional redundancy, germ-line deletion of HDAC1 in the mouse causes early embryonic ..
  18. Mejat A, Ramond F, Bassel Duby R, Khochbin S, Olson E, Schaeffer L. Histone deacetylase 9 couples neuronal activity to muscle chromatin acetylation and gene expression. Nat Neurosci. 2005;8:313-21 pubmed
    ..These findings show a molecular mechanism to account for the control of chromatin acetylation by presynaptic neurons and the activity-dependent regulation of skeletal muscle genes by motor innervation. ..
  19. DiTacchio L, Le H, Vollmers C, Hatori M, Witcher M, Secombe J, et al. Histone lysine demethylase JARID1a activates CLOCK-BMAL1 and influences the circadian clock. Science. 2011;333:1881-5 pubmed publisher
    ..JARID1a increased histone acetylation by inhibiting histone deacetylase 1 function and enhanced transcription by CLOCK-BMAL1 in a demethylase-independent manner...
  20. Liu Z, Li T, Liu Y, Jia Z, Li Y, Zhang C, et al. WNT signaling promotes Nkx2.5 expression and early cardiomyogenesis via downregulation of Hdac1. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2009;1793:300-11 pubmed publisher
    ..while the acetylation levels of histones H3 and H4 were increased, accompanied by a significant reduction in Hdac1 expression...
  21. Medford H, Porter K, Marsh S. Immediate effects of a single exercise bout on protein O-GlcNAcylation and chromatin regulation of cardiac hypertrophy. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013;305:H114-23 pubmed publisher
  22. Ye F, Chen Y, Hoang T, Montgomery R, Zhao X, Bu H, et al. HDAC1 and HDAC2 regulate oligodendrocyte differentiation by disrupting the beta-catenin-TCF interaction. Nat Neurosci. 2009;12:829-38 pubmed publisher
    ..We found that two histone-modifying enzymes, HDAC1 and HDAC2, were required for oligodendrocyte formation...
  23. von Burstin J, Eser S, Paul M, Seidler B, Brandl M, Messer M, et al. E-cadherin regulates metastasis of pancreatic cancer in vivo and is suppressed by a SNAIL/HDAC1/HDAC2 repressor complex. Gastroenterology. 2009;137:361-71, 371.e1-5 pubmed publisher
    ..in highly metastatic cells is mediated by a transcriptional repressor complex containing Snail and histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and HDAC2...
  24. Duong H, Robles M, Knutti D, Weitz C. A molecular mechanism for circadian clock negative feedback. Science. 2011;332:1436-9 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings provide a function for the PER complex and a molecular mechanism for circadian clock negative feedback. ..
  25. Kaji K, Caballero I, MacLeod R, Nichols J, Wilson V, Hendrich B. The NuRD component Mbd3 is required for pluripotency of embryonic stem cells. Nat Cell Biol. 2006;8:285-92 pubmed
    ..Our findings define a role for epigenetic silencing in the cell-fate commitment of pluripotent cells. ..
  26. Morrison B, Majdzadeh N, Zhang X, Lyles A, Bassel Duby R, Olson E, et al. Neuroprotection by histone deacetylase-related protein. Mol Cell Biol. 2006;26:3550-64 pubmed
    ..HDRP also interacts with histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) and recruits it to the c-Jun gene promoter, resulting in an inhibition of histone H3 acetylation ..
  27. Trivedi C, Luo Y, Yin Z, Zhang M, Zhu W, Wang T, et al. Hdac2 regulates the cardiac hypertrophic response by modulating Gsk3 beta activity. Nat Med. 2007;13:324-31 pubmed
  28. Wang Y, Tian Y, Morley M, Lu M, DeMayo F, Olson E, et al. Development and regeneration of Sox2+ endoderm progenitors are regulated by a Hdac1/2-Bmp4/Rb1 regulatory pathway. Dev Cell. 2013;24:345-58 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that development of Sox2+ progenitors in the lung endoderm is regulated by histone deacetylases 1 and 2 (Hdac1/2). Hdac1/2 deficiency leads to a loss of Sox2 expression and a block in proximal airway development...
  29. Ashburner B, Westerheide S, Baldwin A. The p65 (RelA) subunit of NF-kappaB interacts with the histone deacetylase (HDAC) corepressors HDAC1 and HDAC2 to negatively regulate gene expression. Mol Cell Biol. 2001;21:7065-77 pubmed
    ..Expression of HDAC1 and HDAC2 repressed tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-induced NF-kappaB-dependent gene expression...
  30. Yamaguchi T, Cubizolles F, Zhang Y, Reichert N, Kohler H, Seiser C, et al. Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 act in concert to promote the G1-to-S progression. Genes Dev. 2010;24:455-69 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we analyzed the major class I enzymes HDAC1 and HDAC2 in primary mouse fibroblasts and in the B-cell lineage...
  31. Verdin E, Dequiedt F, Kasler H. Class II histone deacetylases: versatile regulators. Trends Genet. 2003;19:286-93 pubmed
    ..We discuss their emerging biological functions and the molecular mechanisms by which they are regulated. ..
  32. Haberland M, Mokalled M, Montgomery R, Olson E. Epigenetic control of skull morphogenesis by histone deacetylase 8. Genes Dev. 2009;23:1625-30 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings reveal how the identity and patterning of vertebrate-specific portions of the skull are epigenetically controlled by a histone deacetylase. ..
  33. Montgomery R, Davis C, Potthoff M, Haberland M, Fielitz J, Qi X, et al. Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 redundantly regulate cardiac morphogenesis, growth, and contractility. Genes Dev. 2007;21:1790-802 pubmed
    ..The class I HDACs, HDAC1 and HDAC2, are expressed ubiquitously, but their potential roles in tissue-specific gene expression and ..
  34. Dobbin M, Madabhushi R, Pan L, Chen Y, Kim D, Gao J, et al. SIRT1 collaborates with ATM and HDAC1 to maintain genomic stability in neurons. Nat Neurosci. 2013;16:1008-15 pubmed publisher
    ..After DSB induction, SIRT1 also bound the neuroprotective class I histone deacetylase HDAC1. We found that SIRT1 deacetylated HDAC1 and stimulated its enzymatic activity, which was necessary for DSB repair ..
  35. Chen Y, Wang H, Yoon S, Xu X, Hottiger M, Svaren J, et al. HDAC-mediated deacetylation of NF-?B is critical for Schwann cell myelination. Nat Neurosci. 2011;14:437-41 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice lacking both HDACs 1 and 2 (HDAC1/2) exhibited severe myelin deficiency with Schwann cell development arrested at the immature stage...
  36. Tou L, Liu Q, Shivdasani R. Regulation of mammalian epithelial differentiation and intestine development by class I histone deacetylases. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:3132-9 pubmed
    ..Thus, modulation of endogenous class I HDAC levels represents a previously unappreciated mechanism to enable onset of tissue-restricted gene expression in a developing mammalian organ. ..
  37. Fujimoto K, Hamaguchi H, Hashiba T, Nakamura T, Kawamoto T, Sato F, et al. Transcriptional repression by the basic helix-loop-helix protein Dec2: multiple mechanisms through E-box elements. Int J Mol Med. 2007;19:925-32 pubmed
    ..responsible for the repression activity of Dec2 in its C-terminal region, which is also necessary to recruit HDAC1. In addition, the basic and HLH domains of Dec2 were required for DNA binding and homodimerization, respectively...
  38. Bartl S, Taplick J, Lagger G, Khier H, Kuchler K, Seiser C. Identification of mouse histone deacetylase 1 as a growth factor-inducible gene. Mol Cell Biol. 1997;17:5033-43 pubmed
    ..Sequence alignments revealed that murine HD1 is highly homologous to the yeast RPD3 pleiotropic transcriptional regulator...
  39. Taplick J, Kurtev V, Kroboth K, Posch M, Lechner T, Seiser C. Homo-oligomerisation and nuclear localisation of mouse histone deacetylase 1. J Mol Biol. 2001;308:27-38 pubmed
    ..Mammalian histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) is a nuclear protein that belongs to a growing family of evolutionarily conserved enzymes ..
  40. Moresi V, Carrer M, Grueter C, Rifki O, Shelton J, Richardson J, et al. Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 regulate autophagy flux and skeletal muscle homeostasis in mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:1649-54 pubmed publisher
    ..Skeletal muscle-specific deletion of both HDAC1 and HDAC2 results in perinatal lethality of a subset of mice, accompanied by mitochondrial abnormalities and ..
  41. Fuks F, Burgers W, Brehm A, Hughes Davies L, Kouzarides T. DNA methyltransferase Dnmt1 associates with histone deacetylase activity. Nat Genet. 2000;24:88-91 pubmed
    ..Consistent with this association, we find that one of the known histone deacetylases, HDAC1, has the ability to bind Dnmt1 and can purify methyltransferase activity from nuclear extracts...
  42. Witt O, Deubzer H, Milde T, Oehme I. HDAC family: What are the cancer relevant targets?. Cancer Lett. 2009;277:8-21 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this review is to discuss individual HDAC family members as drug targets in cancer taking into consideration their function under physiological conditions and their oncogenic potential in malignant disease. ..
  43. Wilting R, Yanover E, Heideman M, Jacobs H, Horner J, van der Torre J, et al. Overlapping functions of Hdac1 and Hdac2 in cell cycle regulation and haematopoiesis. EMBO J. 2010;29:2586-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, Hdac1 and Hdac2 conditional knock-out alleles were used to study the function of class I Hdac1 and Hdac2 in cell cycle ..
  44. Schroeder F, Penta K, Matevossian A, Jones S, Konradi C, Tapper A, et al. Drug-induced activation of dopamine D(1) receptor signaling and inhibition of class I/II histone deacetylase induce chromatin remodeling in reward circuitry and modulate cocaine-related behaviors. Neuropsychopharmacology. 2008;33:2981-92 pubmed publisher
  45. Ma P, Schultz R. Histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) regulates histone acetylation, development, and gene expression in preimplantation mouse embryos. Dev Biol. 2008;319:110-20 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we investigated expression and function of Class I histone deacetylases (HDAC) HDAC1, HDAC2, and HDAC3 during preimplantation development...
  46. Chang S, McKinsey T, Zhang C, Richardson J, Hill J, Olson E. Histone deacetylases 5 and 9 govern responsiveness of the heart to a subset of stress signals and play redundant roles in heart development. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:8467-76 pubmed
    ..These findings reveal central roles for HDACs 5 and 9 in the suppression of a subset of cardiac stress signals as well as redundant functions in the control of cardiac development. ..
  47. Jacob C, Christen C, Pereira J, Somandin C, Baggiolini A, Lötscher P, et al. HDAC1 and HDAC2 control the transcriptional program of myelination and the survival of Schwann cells. Nat Neurosci. 2011;14:429-36 pubmed publisher
    Histone deacetylases (HDACs) are major epigenetic regulators. We show that HDAC1 and HDAC2 functions are critical for myelination of the peripheral nervous system...
  48. Heideman M, Wilting R, Yanover E, Velds A, de Jong J, Kerkhoven R, et al. Dosage-dependent tumor suppression by histone deacetylases 1 and 2 through regulation of c-Myc collaborating genes and p53 function. Blood. 2013;121:2038-50 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we generated a thymocyte-specific gradient of HDAC-activity using compound conditional knockout mice for Hdac1 and Hdac2...
  49. Vega R, Matsuda K, Oh J, Barbosa A, Yang X, Meadows E, et al. Histone deacetylase 4 controls chondrocyte hypertrophy during skeletogenesis. Cell. 2004;119:555-66 pubmed
    ..These results establish HDAC4 as a central regulator of chondrocyte hypertrophy and skeletogenesis and suggest general roles for class II HDACs in the control of cellular hypertrophy. ..
  50. Liang J, Wan M, Zhang Y, Gu P, Xin H, Jung S, et al. Nanog and Oct4 associate with unique transcriptional repression complexes in embryonic stem cells. Nat Cell Biol. 2008;10:731-9 pubmed publisher
    ..We named this unique Hdac1/2- and Mta1/2-containing complex NODE (for Nanog and Oct4 associated deacetylase)...
  51. Lagger G, O Carroll D, Rembold M, Khier H, Tischler J, Weitzer G, et al. Essential function of histone deacetylase 1 in proliferation control and CDK inhibitor repression. EMBO J. 2002;21:2672-81 pubmed
    ..b>HDAC1 was implicated previously in the repression of genes required for cell proliferation and differentiation...
  52. MacDonald J, Roskams A. Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 are expressed at distinct stages of neuro-glial development. Dev Dyn. 2008;237:2256-67 pubmed publisher
    ..Identifying the cell types and developmental stages that express HDAC1 and HDAC2 within the brain is important for determining the therapeutic mode of action of HDAC inhibitors, and ..
  53. Zhao X, Ren J, DU W, Hao H, Wang D, Qin T, et al. Effect of vitrification on promoter CpG island methylation patterns and expression levels of DNA methyltransferase 1o, histone acetyltransferase 1, and deacetylase 1 in metaphase II mouse oocytes. Fertil Steril. 2013;100:256-61 pubmed publisher
    To investigate the effect of vitrification on Dnmt1o, Hat1, and Hdac1 promoter CpG island methylation patterns and messenger RNA (mRNA) expression levels in mouse metaphase II (MII) oocytes. In vitro study. Academic institution...
  54. Abdou H, Atlas E, Haché R. A positive regulatory domain in CCAAT/enhancer binding protein ? (C/EBP?) is required for the glucocorticoid-mediated displacement of histone deacetylase 1 (HDAC1) from the C/ebp? promoter and maximum adipogenesis. Endocrinology. 2013;154:1454-64 pubmed publisher
    ..control nonrepressed protein 5/p300/CBP associated factor (GCN5/PCAF) or deacetylase complexes (mSin3A/histone deacetylase 1 [HDAC1])...