Gene Symbol: Gata3
Description: GATA binding protein 3
Alias: Gata-3, jal, trans-acting T-cell-specific transcription factor GATA-3, GATA-binding factor 3
Species: mouse
Products:     Gata3

Top Publications

  1. Vidal V, Chaboissier M, Lützkendorf S, Cotsarelis G, Mill P, Hui C, et al. Sox9 is essential for outer root sheath differentiation and the formation of the hair stem cell compartment. Curr Biol. 2005;15:1340-51 pubmed
    ..Strikingly, the ORS acquires epidermal characteristics with ectopic expression of GATA3. Moreover, Sox9 knock hair show severe proliferative defects and the stem cell niche never forms...
  2. Banerjee A, Northrup D, Boukarabila H, Jacobsen S, Allman D. Transcriptional repression of Gata3 is essential for early B cell commitment. Immunity. 2013;38:930-42 pubmed publisher
    ..factor EBF1 promotes B cell lineage commitment by directly repressing expression of the T-cell-lineage-requisite Gata3 gene...
  3. Pattyn A, Vallstedt A, Dias J, Samad O, Krumlauf R, Rijli F, et al. Coordinated temporal and spatial control of motor neuron and serotonergic neuron generation from a common pool of CNS progenitors. Genes Dev. 2003;17:729-37 pubmed
    ..These findings assign new roles for Nkx, Hox, and Phox2 proteins in the control of temporal neuronal fate determination, and link spatial and temporal patterning of CNS neuronal fates. ..
  4. Maurice D, Hooper J, Lang G, Weston K. c-Myb regulates lineage choice in developing thymocytes via its target gene Gata3. EMBO J. 2007;26:3629-40 pubmed
    ..In c-Myb-null thymocytes, Gata3, a critical inducer of T-helper cell fate, is not upregulated in response to T-cell receptor signaling, following ..
  5. Hernandez Hoyos G, Anderson M, Wang C, Rothenberg E, Alberola Ila J. GATA-3 expression is controlled by TCR signals and regulates CD4/CD8 differentiation. Immunity. 2003;19:83-94 pubmed
    ..We propose that GATA-3 contributes to linking the TCR signal strength to the differentiation program of CD4 and CD8 thymocytes. ..
  6. Lilleväli K, Matilainen T, Karis A, Salminen M. Partially overlapping expression of Gata2 and Gata3 during inner ear development. Dev Dyn. 2004;231:775-81 pubmed
    Gata2 and Gata3 belong to the Gata family of transcription factors in vertebrates that bind to a consensus "GATA" DNA sequence. The Gata3 gene is one of the earliest markers for the developing mouse inner ear...
  7. Zhang D, Yang L, Cohn L, Parkyn L, Homer R, Ray P, et al. Inhibition of allergic inflammation in a murine model of asthma by expression of a dominant-negative mutant of GATA-3. Immunity. 1999;11:473-82 pubmed
    ..Thus, targeting GATA-3 activity alone is sufficient to blunt Th2 responses in vivo, thereby establishing GATA-3 as a potential therapeutic target in the treatment of asthma and allergic diseases. ..
  8. Karis A, Pata I, van Doorninck J, Grosveld F, De Zeeuw C, de Caprona D, et al. Transcription factor GATA-3 alters pathway selection of olivocochlear neurons and affects morphogenesis of the ear. J Comp Neurol. 2001;429:615-30 pubmed
    ..This study shows for the first time that a zinc finger factor is involved in axonal navigation of the inner ear efferent neurons and, simultaneously, in the morphogenesis of the inner ear. ..
  9. Home P, Ray S, Dutta D, Bronshteyn I, Larson M, Paul S. GATA3 is selectively expressed in the trophectoderm of peri-implantation embryo and directly regulates Cdx2 gene expression. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:28729-37 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we demonstrate that during early mouse development, mRNA expression of transcription factor GATA3 is induced at the 4-cell stage and is consistently present during pre-implantation embryonic development...

More Information


  1. de Guzman Strong C, Wertz P, Wang C, Yang F, Meltzer P, Andl T, et al. Lipid defect underlies selective skin barrier impairment of an epidermal-specific deletion of Gata-3. J Cell Biol. 2006;175:661-70 pubmed
    ..Comparison of these animal models illustrates how impairment of the skin barrier by two genetically distinct mechanisms leads to innate immune responses, as observed in the common human skin disorders psoriasis and atopic dermatitis. ..
  2. Cheng L, Chen C, Luo P, Tan M, Qiu M, Johnson R, et al. Lmx1b, Pet-1, and Nkx2.2 coordinately specify serotonergic neurotransmitter phenotype. J Neurosci. 2003;23:9961-7 pubmed
    ..2, drives 5-HT differentiation in the dorsal spinal cord. Our studies therefore define a molecular pathway necessary and sufficient to specify the serotonergic neurotransmitter phenotype. ..
  3. Tai T, Pai S, Ho I. GATA-3 regulates the homeostasis and activation of CD8+ T cells. J Immunol. 2013;190:428-37 pubmed publisher
    ..More importantly, GATA-3-deficient CD8(+) T cells were less efficient in killing Ag-bearing tumor cells in vivo. Taken together, our data further expand the role of GATA-3 in T cells. ..
  4. Duncan J, Fritzsch B. Continued expression of GATA3 is necessary for cochlear neurosensory development. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e62046 pubmed publisher
    ..We previously showed in null mutants that the loss of the transcription factor, Gata3, results specifically in the loss of all cochlear neurosensory development...
  5. Manaia A, Lemarchandel V, Klaine M, Max Audit I, Romeo P, Dieterlen Lievre F, et al. Lmo2 and GATA-3 associated expression in intraembryonic hemogenic sites. Development. 2000;127:643-53 pubmed
    ..A combined in situ and immunocytological analysis strongly suggests that ventral mesodermal GATA-3 patches are involved in the process of intraembryonic stem cell generation. ..
  6. Fang T, Yashiro Ohtani Y, Del Bianco C, Knoblock D, Blacklow S, Pear W. Notch directly regulates Gata3 expression during T helper 2 cell differentiation. Immunity. 2007;27:100-10 pubmed
    ..In the absence of Notch signals, Gata3 expression was markedly diminished...
  7. Burton Q, Cole L, Mulheisen M, Chang W, Wu D. The role of Pax2 in mouse inner ear development. Dev Biol. 2004;272:161-75 pubmed
  8. Asnagli H, Afkarian M, Murphy K. Cutting edge: Identification of an alternative GATA-3 promoter directing tissue-specific gene expression in mouse and human. J Immunol. 2002;168:4268-71 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that similar to other GATA factors, the GATA-3 gene can be controlled by two promoters that may direct lineage- and tissue-specific expression. ..
  9. Hwang J, Mehrani T, Millar S, Morasso M. Dlx3 is a crucial regulator of hair follicle differentiation and cycling. Development. 2008;135:3149-59 pubmed publisher
    ..upstream regulator of other transcription factors that regulate hair follicle differentiation, such as Hoxc13 and Gata3. Colocalization of phospho-Smad1/5/8 and Dlx3 is consistent with a regulatory role for BMP signaling to Dlx3 ..
  10. Ray S, Dutta D, Rumi M, Kent L, Soares M, Paul S. Context-dependent function of regulatory elements and a switch in chromatin occupancy between GATA3 and GATA2 regulate Gata2 transcription during trophoblast differentiation. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:4978-88 pubmed publisher
    ..GATA transcription factors are important regulators of tissue-specific gene expression during development. GATA2 and GATA3 have been implicated in the regulation of trophoblast-specific genes...
  11. Grote D, Boualia S, Souabni A, Merkel C, Chi X, Costantini F, et al. Gata3 acts downstream of beta-catenin signaling to prevent ectopic metanephric kidney induction. PLoS Genet. 2008;4:e1000316 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that the nephric duct-specific inactivation of the transcription factor gene Gata3 leads to massive ectopic ureter budding...
  12. Li X, Udager A, Hu C, Qiao X, Richards N, Gumucio D. Dynamic patterning at the pylorus: formation of an epithelial intestine-stomach boundary in late fetal life. Dev Dyn. 2009;238:3205-17 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we define a unique expression domain at the pylorus itself and detect novel pylorus-specific patterns for the transcription factor Gata3 and the secreted protein nephrocan.
  13. Anderson M, Hernandez Hoyos G, Dionne C, Arias A, Chen D, Rothenberg E. Definition of regulatory network elements for T cell development by perturbation analysis with PU.1 and GATA-3. Dev Biol. 2002;246:103-21 pubmed
    ..The target genes identified here provide insight into the basis of the effects of GATA-3 or PU.1 overexpression and into the regulatory changes that distinguish the developmental time windows for these effects. ..
  14. Home P, Saha B, Ray S, Dutta D, Gunewardena S, Yoo B, et al. Altered subcellular localization of transcription factor TEAD4 regulates first mammalian cell lineage commitment. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:7362-7 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that altered subcellular localization of TEAD4 in blastomeres dictates first mammalian cell fate specification. ..
  15. Jacob J, Ferri A, Milton C, Prin F, Pla P, Lin W, et al. Transcriptional repression coordinates the temporal switch from motor to serotonergic neurogenesis. Nat Neurosci. 2007;10:1433-9 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the subsequent differentiation of central serotonergic neurons required both the suppression of VMN neurogenesis and the induction of downstream intrinsic determinants of serotonergic identity by Foxa2. ..
  16. Mantel P, Kuipers H, Boyman O, Rhyner C, Ouaked N, Rückert B, et al. GATA3-driven Th2 responses inhibit TGF-beta1-induced FOXP3 expression and the formation of regulatory T cells. PLoS Biol. 2007;5:e329 pubmed
    ..This inhibition is mediated by direct binding of GATA3 to the FOXP3 promoter, which represses its transactivation process...
  17. Scheinman E, Avni O. Transcriptional regulation of GATA3 in T helper cells by the integrated activities of transcription factors downstream of the interleukin-4 receptor and T cell receptor. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:3037-48 pubmed publisher
    b>GATA3 is a critical transcription factor for many developmental processes. During T helper (Th) cell differentiation, GATA3 induces the Th2 and suppresses the Th1 pathway...
  18. Taghon T, Yui M, Rothenberg E. Mast cell lineage diversion of T lineage precursors by the essential T cell transcription factor GATA-3. Nat Immunol. 2007;8:845-55 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest a close relationship between the pro-T cell and mast cell programs and a previously unknown function for Notch in T lineage fidelity. ..
  19. Milo M, Cacciabue Rivolta D, Kneebone A, Van Doorninck H, Johnson C, Lawoko Kerali G, et al. Genomic analysis of the function of the transcription factor gata3 during development of the mammalian inner ear. PLoS ONE. 2009;4:e7144 pubmed publisher
    We have studied the function of the zinc finger transcription factor gata3 in auditory system development by analysing temporal profiles of gene expression during differentiation of conditionally immortal cell lines derived to model ..
  20. Pan Y, Lin M, Tian X, Cheng H, Gridley T, Shen J, et al. gamma-secretase functions through Notch signaling to maintain skin appendages but is not required for their patterning or initial morphogenesis. Dev Cell. 2004;7:731-43 pubmed
  21. Raft S, Nowotschin S, Liao J, Morrow B. Suppression of neural fate and control of inner ear morphogenesis by Tbx1. Development. 2004;131:1801-12 pubmed
    ..We propose that Tbx1 acts in the manner of a selector gene to control neural and sensory organ fate specification in the otocyst. ..
  22. Rivolta M, Holley M. GATA3 is downregulated during hair cell differentiation in the mouse cochlea. J Neurocytol. 1998;27:637-47 pubmed
    b>GATA3 is a transcription factor expressed in the inner ear during the early stages of development...
  23. Kobielak K, Pasolli H, Alonso L, Polak L, Fuchs E. Defining BMP functions in the hair follicle by conditional ablation of BMP receptor IA. J Cell Biol. 2003;163:609-23 pubmed
  24. Grigorieva I, Mirczuk S, Gaynor K, Nesbit M, Grigorieva E, Wei Q, et al. Gata3-deficient mice develop parathyroid abnormalities due to dysregulation of the parathyroid-specific transcription factor Gcm2. J Clin Invest. 2010;120:2144-55 pubmed publisher
    Heterozygous mutations of GATA3, which encodes a dual zinc-finger transcription factor, cause hypoparathyroidism with sensorineural deafness and renal dysplasia...
  25. Pata I, Studer M, van Doorninck J, Briscoe J, Kuuse S, Engel J, et al. The transcription factor GATA3 is a downstream effector of Hoxb1 specification in rhombomere 4. Development. 1999;126:5523-31 pubmed
    In this paper, we show that the transcription factor GATA3 is dynamically expressed during hindbrain development. Function of GATA3 in ventral rhombomere (r) 4 is dependent on functional GATA2, which in turn is under the control of Hoxb1...
  26. Hendriks R, Nawijn M, Engel J, van Doorninck H, Grosveld F, Karis A. Expression of the transcription factor GATA-3 is required for the development of the earliest T cell progenitors and correlates with stages of cellular proliferation in the thymus. Eur J Immunol. 1999;29:1912-8 pubmed
    ..We therefore propose that GATA-3 is required for the expansion of T cell progenitors, and for the control of subsequent proliferation steps, which alternate periods of TCR recombination in the thymus. ..
  27. Lawoko Kerali G, Milo M, Davies D, Halsall A, Helyer R, Johnson C, et al. Ventral otic cell lines as developmental models of auditory epithelial and neural precursors. Dev Dyn. 2004;231:801-14 pubmed
    ..Selection was based upon dissection, tissue-specific markers, and expression of the transcription factor GATA3. Two cell lines expressed GATA3 but possessed intrinsically different genetic programs under differentiating ..
  28. Potvin E, Beuret L, Cadrin Girard J, Carter M, Roy S, Tremblay M, et al. Cooperative action of multiple cis-acting elements is required for N-myc expression in branchial arches: specific contribution of GATA3. Mol Cell Biol. 2010;30:5348-63 pubmed publisher
    ..The characterization of the branchial arch enhancer has revealed a specific role of the transcription factor GATA3 in the regulation of N-myc expression...
  29. Kouros Mehr H, Slorach E, Sternlicht M, Werb Z. GATA-3 maintains the differentiation of the luminal cell fate in the mammary gland. Cell. 2006;127:1041-55 pubmed
    ..This suggests that GATA-3 actively maintains luminal epithelial differentiation in the adult mammary gland, which raises important implications for the pathogenesis of breast cancer. ..
  30. George K, Leonard M, Roth M, Lieuw K, Kioussis D, Grosveld F, et al. Embryonic expression and cloning of the murine GATA-3 gene. Development. 1994;120:2673-86 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, this same region of the locus confers developmentally appropriate expression in transgenic mice, but only in a subset of the tissues that naturally express the gene. ..
  31. Wei G, Abraham B, Yagi R, Jothi R, Cui K, Sharma S, et al. Genome-wide analyses of transcription factor GATA3-mediated gene regulation in distinct T cell types. Immunity. 2011;35:299-311 pubmed publisher
    The transcription factor GATA3 plays an essential role during T cell development and T helper 2 (Th2) cell differentiation...
  32. Udager A, Prakash A, Saenz D, Schinke M, Moriguchi T, Jay P, et al. Proper development of the outer longitudinal smooth muscle of the mouse pylorus requires Nkx2-5 and Gata3. Gastroenterology. 2014;146:157-165.e10 pubmed publisher
    ..of Nkx2-5 during the course of murine pyloric sphincter development and examined coexpression of Nkx2-5 with Gata3 and Sox9-other transcription factors with pyloric-specific mesenchymal expression...
  33. Amsen D, Antov A, Jankovic D, Sher A, Radtke F, Souabni A, et al. Direct regulation of Gata3 expression determines the T helper differentiation potential of Notch. Immunity. 2007;27:89-99 pubmed
    ..GATA-3 was necessary for Notch-induced Th2 differentiation, and we identified an upstream Gata3 promoter as a direct target for Notch signaling...
  34. Raveh E, Cohen S, Levanon D, Negreanu V, Groner Y, Gat U. Dynamic expression of Runx1 in skin affects hair structure. Mech Dev. 2006;123:842-50 pubmed
    ..The data delineate Runx1 as a novel specific marker of several hair follicle cell types and sheds light on its role in hair morphogenesis and differentiation. ..
  35. Vosshenrich C, Garcia Ojeda M, Samson Villéger S, Pasqualetto V, Enault L, Richard Le Goff O, et al. A thymic pathway of mouse natural killer cell development characterized by expression of GATA-3 and CD127. Nat Immunol. 2006;7:1217-24 pubmed
    ..We propose that bone marrow and thymic NK cell pathways generate distinct mouse NK cells with properties similar to those of the two human CD56 NK cell subsets. ..
  36. Yu Q, Sharma A, Oh S, Moon H, Hossain M, Salay T, et al. T cell factor 1 initiates the T helper type 2 fate by inducing the transcription factor GATA-3 and repressing interferon-gamma. Nat Immunol. 2009;10:992-9 pubmed publisher
    ..differentiation, was induced by T cell factor 1 (TCF-1) and its cofactor beta-catenin, mainly from the proximal Gata3 promoter upstream of exon 1b...
  37. Tsarovina K, Reiff T, Stubbusch J, Kurek D, Grosveld F, Parlato R, et al. The Gata3 transcription factor is required for the survival of embryonic and adult sympathetic neurons. J Neurosci. 2010;30:10833-43 pubmed publisher
    The transcription factor Gata3 is essential for the development of sympathetic neurons and adrenal chromaffin cells...
  38. Wang Y, Misumi I, Gu A, Curtis T, Su L, Whitmire J, et al. GATA-3 controls the maintenance and proliferation of T cells downstream of TCR and cytokine signaling. Nat Immunol. 2013;14:714-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Our study thus demonstrates an essential role for GATA-3 in controlling the maintenance and proliferation of T cells and provides insight into immunoregulation. ..
  39. Klein Wolterink R, Serafini N, van Nimwegen M, Vosshenrich C, de Bruijn M, Fonseca Pereira D, et al. Essential, dose-dependent role for the transcription factor Gata3 in the development of IL-5+ and IL-13+ type 2 innate lymphoid cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:10240-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Whereas the transcription factor GATA binding protein 3 (Gata3) is important for the production of IL-5 and -13 by ILC2s in response to IL-33 or -25 stimulation, it is not known ..
  40. Tsarovina K, Pattyn A, Stubbusch J, Muller F, van der Wees J, Schneider C, et al. Essential role of Gata transcription factors in sympathetic neuron development. Development. 2004;131:4775-86 pubmed
    ..Here, we have studied the function of Gata2 and Gata3 zinc-finger transcription factors in autonomic neuron development...
  41. Pai S, Truitt M, Ho I. GATA-3 deficiency abrogates the development and maintenance of T helper type 2 cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2004;101:1993-8 pubmed
    ..Using a conditional knockout approach, we found that GATA-3 is required for optimal Th2 cytokine production in vitro and in vivo. Our data also show that GATA-3 expression must be sustained to maintain the Th2 phenotype. ..
  42. Rudra D, deRoos P, Chaudhry A, Niec R, Arvey A, Samstein R, et al. Transcription factor Foxp3 and its protein partners form a complex regulatory network. Nat Immunol. 2012;13:1010-9 pubmed publisher
  43. Tiveron M, Pattyn A, Hirsch M, Brunet J. Role of Phox2b and Mash1 in the generation of the vestibular efferent nucleus. Dev Biol. 2003;260:46-57 pubmed
  44. Hwang E, Szabo S, Schwartzberg P, Glimcher L. T helper cell fate specified by kinase-mediated interaction of T-bet with GATA-3. Science. 2005;307:430-3 pubmed
    ..These results provide a novel function for tyrosine phosphorylation of a transcription factor in specifying alternate fates of a common progenitor cell. ..
  45. Usui T, Nishikomori R, Kitani A, Strober W. GATA-3 suppresses Th1 development by downregulation of Stat4 and not through effects on IL-12Rbeta2 chain or T-bet. Immunity. 2003;18:415-28 pubmed
    ..These findings reassert that Stat4 signaling is a central element of Th1/Th2 development. ..
  46. Deng M, Pan L, Xie X, Gan L. Differential expression of LIM domain-only (LMO) genes in the developing mouse inner ear. Gene Expr Patterns. 2006;6:857-63 pubmed
    ..Thus, the regionalized expression patterns of LMO1-4 are closely associated with the morphogenesis of the inner ear. ..
  47. Lakshmanan G, Lieuw K, Lim K, Gu Y, Grosveld F, Engel J, et al. Localization of distant urogenital system-, central nervous system-, and endocardium-specific transcriptional regulatory elements in the GATA-3 locus. Mol Cell Biol. 1999;19:1558-68 pubmed
  48. van Hamburg J, de Bruijn M, Dingjan G, Beverloo H, Diepstraten H, Ling K, et al. Cooperation of Gata3, c-Myc and Notch in malignant transformation of double positive thymocytes. Mol Immunol. 2008;45:3085-95 pubmed publisher
    ..We previously reported that enforced expression of Gata3 during T cell development in CD2-Gata3 transgenic mice induced CD4(+)CD8(+) double-positive (DP) T cell lymphoma...
  49. Lin Z, Cantos R, Patente M, Wu D. Gbx2 is required for the morphogenesis of the mouse inner ear: a downstream candidate of hindbrain signaling. Development. 2005;132:2309-18 pubmed
    ..However, Gbx2 promotes ventral fates such as the saccule and cochlear duct, possibly by restricting Otx2 expression...
  50. Yamane H, Zhu J, Paul W. Independent roles for IL-2 and GATA-3 in stimulating naive CD4+ T cells to generate a Th2-inducing cytokine environment. J Exp Med. 2005;202:793-804 pubmed
    ..A MEK inhibition rescued early GATA-3 expression and responsiveness to IL-2; these cells were now capable of producing early IL-4 and undergoing subsequent Th2 differentiation. ..
  51. Pai S, Truitt M, Ting C, Leiden J, Glimcher L, Ho I. Critical roles for transcription factor GATA-3 in thymocyte development. Immunity. 2003;19:863-75 pubmed
    ..Thus, our data demonstrate that the coordinated and regulated expression of GATA-3 at each stage of thymic development is critical for the generation of mature T cells. ..
  52. Ko L, Yamamoto M, Leonard M, George K, Ting P, Engel J. Murine and human T-lymphocyte GATA-3 factors mediate transcription through a cis-regulatory element within the human T-cell receptor delta gene enhancer. Mol Cell Biol. 1991;11:2778-84 pubmed
    ..We infer that the murine and human GATA-3 proteins play a central and highly conserved role in vertebrate T-cell-specific transcriptional regulation. ..
  53. Duncan J, Lim K, Engel J, Fritzsch B. Limited inner ear morphogenesis and neurosensory development are possible in the absence of GATA3. Int J Dev Biol. 2011;55:297-303 pubmed publisher
    Haploinsufficiency of Gata3 causes hypoparathyroidism, deafness and renal dysplasia (HDR) syndrome in mice and humans. Gata3 null mutation leads to early lethality around embryonic day (E)11...
  54. Haugas M, Lilleväli K, Salminen M. Defects in sensory organ morphogenesis and generation of cochlear hair cells in Gata3-deficient mouse embryos. Hear Res. 2012;283:151-61 pubmed publisher
    ..b>GATA3 is a DNA-binding factor that is necessary for otic morphogenesis and without GATA3 variable defects have been ..
  55. Hendershot T, Liu H, Clouthier D, Shepherd I, Coppola E, Studer M, et al. Conditional deletion of Hand2 reveals critical functions in neurogenesis and cell type-specific gene expression for development of neural crest-derived noradrenergic sympathetic ganglion neurons. Dev Biol. 2008;319:179-91 pubmed publisher affecting both the proliferative capacity of the progenitors as well as affecting expression of Phox2a and Gata3, DNA binding proteins important for the cell autonomous development of noradrenergic neurons...
  56. Zhu J, Min B, Hu Li J, Watson C, Grinberg A, Wang Q, et al. Conditional deletion of Gata3 shows its essential function in T(H)1-T(H)2 responses. Nat Immunol. 2004;5:1157-65 pubmed
    ..Here, we generated a conditional GATA-3-deficient mouse line. In vitro deletion of Gata3 diminished both interleukin 4 (IL-4)-dependent and IL-4-independent T(H)2 cell differentiation; without GATA-3, T(..
  57. Wohlfert E, Grainger J, Bouladoux N, Konkel J, Oldenhove G, Ribeiro C, et al. GATA3 controls Foxp3⁺ regulatory T cell fate during inflammation in mice. J Clin Invest. 2011;121:4503-15 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that the canonical Th2 transcription factor GATA3 is selectively expressed in Tregs residing in barrier sites including the gastrointestinal tract and the skin...
  58. Yamashita M, Ukai Tadenuma M, Miyamoto T, Sugaya K, Hosokawa H, Hasegawa A, et al. Essential role of GATA3 for the maintenance of type 2 helper T (Th2) cytokine production and chromatin remodeling at the Th2 cytokine gene loci. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:26983-90 pubmed
    b>GATA3 expression is essential for type-2 helper T (Th2) cell differentiation...
  59. Kim P, Pai S, Brigl M, Besra G, Gumperz J, Ho I. GATA-3 regulates the development and function of invariant NKT cells. J Immunol. 2006;177:6650-9 pubmed
    ..In addition, GATA-3 is also required for survival, activation, and effector functions of this unique population of T cells. Our data also reveal a previously unidentified peripheral maturation step that is GATA-3 dependent. ..
  60. Pan N, Jahan I, Kersigo J, Kopecky B, Santi P, Johnson S, et al. Conditional deletion of Atoh1 using Pax2-Cre results in viable mice without differentiated cochlear hair cells that have lost most of the organ of Corti. Hear Res. 2011;275:66-80 pubmed publisher
    ..This pattern of innervation by sensory neurons is maintained at least until P14, but fibers target the few Myo7a positive cells found in later stages. ..
  61. Wang Y, Su M, Wan Y. An essential role of the transcription factor GATA-3 for the function of regulatory T cells. Immunity. 2011;35:337-48 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the combined function of GATA-3 and Foxp3 was essential for Foxp3 expression. These findings provide insights into immune regulatory mechanisms and uncover a critical function of GATA-3 in Treg cells and immune tolerance. ..
  62. Pandolfi P, Roth M, Karis A, Leonard M, Dzierzak E, Grosveld F, et al. Targeted disruption of the GATA3 gene causes severe abnormalities in the nervous system and in fetal liver haematopoiesis. Nat Genet. 1995;11:40-4 pubmed
    ..Mice heterozygous for the GATA3 mutation are fertile and appear in all respects to be normal, whereas homozygous mutant embryos die between days ..
  63. Joshi K, Lee S, Lee B, Lee J, Lee S. LMO4 controls the balance between excitatory and inhibitory spinal V2 interneurons. Neuron. 2009;61:839-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, LMO4 plays essential roles in directing a balanced generation of inhibitory and excitatory neurons in the ventral spinal cord. ..
  64. Raid R, Krinka D, Bakhoff L, Abdelwahid E, Jokinen E, Karner M, et al. Lack of Gata3 results in conotruncal heart anomalies in mouse. Mech Dev. 2009;126:80-9 pubmed publisher
    The transcription factor Gata3 is an important regulator of the development of thymus, the nervous system, ear, kidney, and adrenal glands...
  65. Hozumi K, Negishi N, Tsuchiya I, Abe N, Hirano K, Suzuki D, et al. Notch signaling is necessary for GATA3 function in the initiation of T cell development. Eur J Immunol. 2008;38:977-85 pubmed publisher
    b>GATA3 and Notch1 are essential for T cell development at the earliest stage, but their mutual roles in this process remain to be clarified...
  66. Moriguchi T, Takako N, Hamada M, Maeda A, Fujioka Y, Kuroha T, et al. Gata3 participates in a complex transcriptional feedback network to regulate sympathoadrenal differentiation. Development. 2006;133:3871-81 pubmed
    b>Gata3 mutant mice expire of noradrenergic deficiency by embryonic day (E) 11 and can be rescued pharmacologically or, as shown here, by restoring Gata3 function specifically in sympathoadrenal (SA) lineages using the human DBH promoter ..
  67. Choo D, Ward J, Reece A, Dou H, Lin Z, Greinwald J. Molecular mechanisms underlying inner ear patterning defects in kreisler mutants. Dev Biol. 2006;289:308-17 pubmed
    ..The data also identify Gbx2, Dlx5, Wnt2b and Otx2 as key otic genes ultimately affected by perturbation of the kr/mafB-hindbrain pathway. ..
  68. Ting C, Olson M, Barton K, Leiden J. Transcription factor GATA-3 is required for development of the T-cell lineage. Nature. 1996;384:474-8 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest that GATA-3 is an essential and specific regulator of early thymocyte development. ..
  69. Kaufman C, Zhou P, Pasolli H, Rendl M, Bolotin D, Lim K, et al. GATA-3: an unexpected regulator of cell lineage determination in skin. Genes Dev. 2003;17:2108-22 pubmed
    ..This newfound function for GATA-3 in skin development strengthens the parallels between the differentiation programs governing hair follicle and lymphocyte differentiation. ..
  70. Appler J, Lu C, Druckenbrod N, Yu W, Koundakjian E, Goodrich L. Gata3 is a critical regulator of cochlear wiring. J Neurosci. 2013;33:3679-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we show that the transcription factor Gata3, which is expressed in SGNs throughout their development, is essential for formation of the intricately patterned ..
  71. Lawoko Kerali G, Rivolta M, Lawlor P, Cacciabue Rivolta D, Langton Hewer C, van Doorninck J, et al. GATA3 and NeuroD distinguish auditory and vestibular neurons during development of the mammalian inner ear. Mech Dev. 2004;121:287-99 pubmed
    The function of the zinc finger transcription factor GATA3 was studied in a newly established, conditionally immortal cell line derived to represent auditory sensory neuroblasts migrating from the mouse otic vesicle at embryonic day E10...
  72. Song M, Sun Y, Bryson A, Gill G, Evans S, Pfaff S. Islet-to-LMO stoichiometries control the function of transcription complexes that specify motor neuron and V2a interneuron identity. Development. 2009;136:2923-32 pubmed publisher
  73. Blanpain C, Lowry W, Pasolli H, Fuchs E. Canonical notch signaling functions as a commitment switch in the epidermal lineage. Genes Dev. 2006;20:3022-35 pubmed
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    ..with DNA microarray hybridization (ChIP-chip) analysis to investigate targets of the TFs-TCFAP2C, EOMES, ETS2, and GATA3-and a chromatin remodeling factor, SMARCA4...
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    ..We have used bioinformatic and functional genomic strategies to identify the transcription factor Gata3 as a trophoblast factor...
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    ..Inner ear morphogenesis is severely affected in Gata3 deficient mouse embryos, but the onset and basis of the phenotype has not been known...
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    ..from hypoparathyroidism, deafness, and renal dysplasia due to a heterozygous deletion of the transcription factor GATA3. Since GATA3 is prominently expressed in both the inner ear and different parts of the auditory nervous system, it ..
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    ..for multiple stages of T cell and natural killer (NK) cell development, and yet the factors that directly regulate Gata3 transcription during hematopoiesis are only marginally defined...
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    ..2 and Nkx6.1 cooperate to induce the closely related zinc-finger transcription factors Gata2 and Gata3. Gata2 in turn is necessary and sufficient to activate the transcription factors Lmx1b and Pet1, and to induce 5-..
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    ..Thus, our data demonstrate that GATA-3 is essential for ILC2 fate decisions and reveal similarities between the transcriptional programs controlling ILC and T helper cell fates. ..
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    ..To study the function of GATA-3 during T cell-mediated immune responses in vivo, we investigated CD2-GATA3-transgenic mice in which GATA-3 expression is driven by the CD2 locus control region...
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    Natural helper (NH) cells, a member of Lin(-)IL-2R(+)IL-7R(+)IL-25R(+)IL-33R(+)GATA3(+) group 2 innate lymphoid cell subset, are characterized by the expression of transcription factors GATA3 and RORα and production of large amounts ..
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    Expression of T1ST2, the IL-33R, by Th2 cells requires GATA3. Resting Th2 cells express little GATA3, which is increased by IL-33 and a STAT5 activator, in turn increasing T1ST2 from its low-level expression on resting Th2 cells...