Gene Symbol: Cxcr4
Description: chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4
Alias: CD184, CXC-R4, CXCR-4, Cmkar4, LESTR, PB-CKR, PBSF/SDF-1, Sdf1r, b2b220Clo, C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4, SDF-1 receptor, chemokine (C-X-C) receptor 4, chemokine receptor 4, fusin, leukocyte-derived seven transmembrane domain receptor, leukocyte-expressed seven-transmembrane-domain, pre-B-cell-derived chemokine receptor, stromal cell-derived factor 1 receptor
Species: mouse
Products:     Cxcr4

Top Publications

  1. Kayali A, Van Gunst K, Campbell I, Stotland A, Kritzik M, Liu G, et al. The stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha/CXCR4 ligand-receptor axis is critical for progenitor survival and migration in the pancreas. J Cell Biol. 2003;163:859-69 pubmed
    The SDF-1alpha/CXCR4 ligand/chemokine receptor pair is required for appropriate patterning during ontogeny and stimulates the growth and differentiation of critical cell types...
  2. Pereira J, An J, Xu Y, Huang Y, Cyster J. Cannabinoid receptor 2 mediates the retention of immature B cells in bone marrow sinusoids. Nat Immunol. 2009;10:403-11 pubmed publisher that the integrin alpha(4)beta(1) (VLA-4) and its ligand VCAM-1 were required, whereas the chemokine receptor CXCR4 was dispensable, for sinusoidal retention of B cells...
  3. Agarwal U, Ghalayini W, Dong F, Weber K, Zou Y, Rabbany S, et al. Role of cardiac myocyte CXCR4 expression in development and left ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction. Circ Res. 2010;107:667-76 pubmed publisher
    Stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1/CXCR4 axis has an instrumental role during cardiac development and has been shown to be a potential therapeutic target for optimizing ventricular remodeling after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and ..
  4. Bai Z, Hayasaka H, Kobayashi M, Li W, Guo Z, Jang M, et al. CXC chemokine ligand 12 promotes CCR7-dependent naive T cell trafficking to lymph nodes and Peyer's patches. J Immunol. 2009;182:1287-95 pubmed
    ..In this study we report that CXCL12, acting through its receptor, CXCR4, cooperates with CCR7 ligands to promote T cell trafficking across HEVs...
  5. Yoon Y, Liang Z, Zhang X, Choe M, Zhu A, Cho H, et al. CXC chemokine receptor-4 antagonist blocks both growth of primary tumor and metastasis of head and neck cancer in xenograft mouse models. Cancer Res. 2007;67:7518-24 pubmed
    ..cells were compared with their low metastatic parental cells (686LN-Ps), we found that CXC chemokine receptor-4 (CXCR4) mRNA levels were significantly higher in the 686LN-Ms cells than the 686LN-Ps cells...
  6. Dubeykovskaya Z, Dubeykovskiy A, Solal Cohen J, Wang T. Secreted trefoil factor 2 activates the CXCR4 receptor in epithelial and lymphocytic cancer cell lines. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:3650-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we demonstrate the ability of TFF2 peptide to activate signaling via the CXCR4 chemokine receptor in cancer cell lines. We found that both mouse and human TFF2 proteins (at approximately 0...
  7. Nie Y, Han Y, Zou Y. CXCR4 is required for the quiescence of primitive hematopoietic cells. J Exp Med. 2008;205:777-83 pubmed publisher
    ..the culture inhibits entry of primitive hematopoietic cells into the cell cycle, and inactivation of its receptor CXCR4 in HSCs causes excessive HSC proliferation...
  8. Hu X, Dai S, Wu W, Tan W, Zhu X, Mu J, et al. Stromal cell derived factor-1 alpha confers protection against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury: role of the cardiac stromal cell derived factor-1 alpha CXCR4 axis. Circulation. 2007;116:654-63 pubmed
    Stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha (SDF-1alpha) binding to its cognate receptor, CXCR4, regulates a variety of cellular functions such as stem cell homing, trafficking, and differentiation...
  9. Foudi A, Jarrier P, Zhang Y, Wittner M, Geay J, Lecluse Y, et al. Reduced retention of radioprotective hematopoietic cells within the bone marrow microenvironment in CXCR4-/- chimeric mice. Blood. 2006;107:2243-51 pubmed
    The physiologic role of CXCR4 on hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSPCs) is not fully understood. Here, we show that radioprotection of lethally irradiated mice by embryonic day 14.5 (E14...

More Information


  1. Stumm R, Zhou C, Ara T, Lazarini F, Dubois Dalcq M, Nagasawa T, et al. CXCR4 regulates interneuron migration in the developing neocortex. J Neurosci. 2003;23:5123-30 pubmed
    ..Here we identify the CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) in interneuron precursors migrating from the basal forebrain to the neocortex and demonstrate that ..
  2. McGrath K, Koniski A, Maltby K, McGann J, Palis J. Embryonic expression and function of the chemokine SDF-1 and its receptor, CXCR4. Dev Biol. 1999;213:442-56 pubmed
    ..5 (E7.5) or by RNase protection analyses of E8.5 and E12.5 tissues. In all samples, the message encoding CXCR4 was the predominate chemokine receptor detected, particularly at earlier times (E7.5 and E8.5)...
  3. Tachibana K, Hirota S, Iizasa H, Yoshida H, Kawabata K, Kataoka Y, et al. The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is essential for vascularization of the gastrointestinal tract. Nature. 1998;393:591-4 pubmed
    ..The cell-surface receptor CXCR4 is a seven-transmembrane-spanning, G-protein-coupled receptor for the CXC chemokine PBSF/SDF-1 (for pre-B-cell ..
  4. Trampont P, Tosello Trampont A, Shen Y, Duley A, Sutherland A, Bender T, et al. CXCR4 acts as a costimulator during thymic beta-selection. Nat Immunol. 2010;11:162-70 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we define a new role for the chemokine receptor CXCR4 during T cell development...
  5. Balabanian K, Brotin E, Biajoux V, Bouchet Delbos L, Lainey E, Fenneteau O, et al. Proper desensitization of CXCR4 is required for lymphocyte development and peripheral compartmentalization in mice. Blood. 2012;119:5722-30 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigate the physiologic implication of this process for CXCR4 in a mouse model harboring a heterozygous mutation of the Cxcr4 gene, which engenders a desensitization-resistant ..
  6. Dar A, Goichberg P, Shinder V, Kalinkovich A, Kollet O, Netzer N, et al. Chemokine receptor CXCR4-dependent internalization and resecretion of functional chemokine SDF-1 by bone marrow endothelial and stromal cells. Nat Immunol. 2005;6:1038-46 pubmed
    ..Here we describe a unique function for the chemokine receptor CXCR4 expressed on bone marrow endothelial cells, which efficiently internalize circulating SDF-1, resulting in its ..
  7. Wang Y, Li G, Stanco A, Long J, Crawford D, Potter G, et al. CXCR4 and CXCR7 have distinct functions in regulating interneuron migration. Neuron. 2011;69:61-76 pubmed publisher
    CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling is critical for cortical interneuron migration and their final laminar distribution. No information is yet available on CXCR7, a newly defined CXCL12 receptor...
  8. Ara T, Tokoyoda K, Sugiyama T, Egawa T, Kawabata K, Nagasawa T. Long-term hematopoietic stem cells require stromal cell-derived factor-1 for colonizing bone marrow during ontogeny. Immunity. 2003;19:257-67 pubmed
    ..SDF-1 plays a critical role in colonization of bone marrow by HSCs and myeloid cells during ontogeny, and the mechanisms by which SDF-1 functions are distinct between HSCs and myeloid cells. ..
  9. Bhattacharyya B, Banisadr G, Jung H, Ren D, Cronshaw D, Zou Y, et al. The chemokine stromal cell-derived factor-1 regulates GABAergic inputs to neural progenitors in the postnatal dentate gyrus. J Neurosci. 2008;28:6720-30 pubmed publisher
    Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) are important regulators of the development of the dentate gyrus (DG). Both SDF-1 and CXCR4 are also highly expressed in the adult DG...
  10. Ara T, Itoi M, Kawabata K, Egawa T, Tokoyoda K, Sugiyama T, et al. A role of CXC chemokine ligand 12/stromal cell-derived factor-1/pre-B cell growth stimulating factor and its receptor CXCR4 in fetal and adult T cell development in vivo. J Immunol. 2003;170:4649-55 pubmed
    ..ligand (CXCL) 12/stromal cell-derived factor-1/pre-B cell growth stimulating factor and its physiologic receptor CXCR4 in T cell development are controversial...
  11. Borrell V, Marin O. Meninges control tangential migration of hem-derived Cajal-Retzius cells via CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling. Nat Neurosci. 2006;9:1284-93 pubmed
    ..dispersion of Cajal-Retzius cells along the cortical surface, while retaining them within the marginal zone in a CXCR4-dependent manner...
  12. Sierro F, Biben C, Martínez Muñoz L, Mellado M, Ransohoff R, Li M, et al. Disrupted cardiac development but normal hematopoiesis in mice deficient in the second CXCL12/SDF-1 receptor, CXCR7. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:14759-64 pubmed
    ..We confirmed that the principal chemokine ligand for CXCR7 was CXCL12/SDF-1, which also binds CXCR4. CXCL12 did not induce signaling through CXCR7; however, CXCR7 formed functional heterodimers with CXCR4 and ..
  13. Kabashima K, Shiraishi N, Sugita K, Mori T, Onoue A, Kobayashi M, et al. CXCL12-CXCR4 engagement is required for migration of cutaneous dendritic cells. Am J Pathol. 2007;171:1249-57 pubmed
    ..Initially, we found that CXCR4 was highly expressed on migrated cutaneous DCs and that its ligand, CXCL12, was detected in the LYVE-1(+) ..
  14. Moepps B, Frodl R, Rodewald H, Baggiolini M, Gierschik P. Two murine homologues of the human chemokine receptor CXCR4 mediating stromal cell-derived factor 1alpha activation of Gi2 are differentially expressed in vivo. Eur J Immunol. 1997;27:2102-12 pubmed
    ..leukocyte-expressed seven-transmembrane-domain receptor LESTR, also referred to as HIV entry cofactor, fusin, or CXCR4. Isolation of full-length cDNA revealed that alternative RNA splicing produces transcripts encoding two isoforms ..
  15. Burns J, Summers B, Wang Y, Melikian A, Berahovich R, Miao Z, et al. A novel chemokine receptor for SDF-1 and I-TAC involved in cell survival, cell adhesion, and tumor development. J Exp Med. 2006;203:2201-13 pubmed
    ..believed that SDF-1 mediates these many disparate processes via a single cell surface receptor known as chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4)...
  16. Garzón R, Soriano S, Rodríguez Frade J, Gomez L, Martín de Ana A, Sanchez Gomez M, et al. CXCR4-mediated suppressor of cytokine signaling up-regulation inactivates growth hormone function. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:44460-6 pubmed
    ..The data reinforce the premise of cytokine-chemokine cross-talk, which helps contribute to modulating individual responses and in defining the functional plasticity of the immune system. ..
  17. Inoue T, Ogawa M, Mikoshiba K, Aruga J. Zic deficiency in the cortical marginal zone and meninges results in cortical lamination defects resembling those in type II lissencephaly. J Neurosci. 2008;28:4712-25 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that the Zic genes play critical roles in cortical development through regulating the proliferation of meningeal cells and the pial BM assembly. ..
  18. Lopez Bendito G, Sánchez Alcañiz J, Pla R, Borrell V, Picó E, Valdeolmillos M, et al. Chemokine signaling controls intracortical migration and final distribution of GABAergic interneurons. J Neurosci. 2008;28:1613-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Perturbation of CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling causes premature cortical plate invasion by cortical interneurons and, in the long term, disrupts their ..
  19. Heesen M, Berman M, Charest A, Housman D, Gerard C, Dorf M. Cloning and chromosomal mapping of an orphan chemokine receptor: mouse RDC1. Immunogenetics. 1998;47:364-70 pubmed
    ..Using linkage analysis of interspecies backcross mice, we localized to chromosome 1 the genes for mouse CXCR2, CXCR4, and RDC1...
  20. Bagri A, Gurney T, He X, Zou Y, Littman D, Tessier Lavigne M, et al. The chemokine SDF1 regulates migration of dentate granule cells. Development. 2002;129:4249-60 pubmed
    ..migration, we found that SDF1, a chemokine that regulates cerebellar and leukocyte migration, and its receptor CXCR4 are expressed in patterns that suggest a role in dentate granule cell migration...
  21. Zhu Y, Matsumoto T, Mikami S, Nagasawa T, Murakami F. SDF1/CXCR4 signalling regulates two distinct processes of precerebellar neuronal migration and its depletion leads to abnormal pontine nuclei formation. Development. 2009;136:1919-28 pubmed publisher
    ..Analysis of knockout mice for the Sdf1 receptor Cxcr4 shows that both the marginal migration of PCN and the anterior migration of pontine neurons are disrupted...
  22. Cheng M, Zhou J, Wu M, Boriboun C, Thorne T, Liu T, et al. CXCR4-mediated bone marrow progenitor cell maintenance and mobilization are modulated by c-kit activity. Circ Res. 2010;107:1083-93 pubmed publisher
    ..Ischemic injury disrupts the SDF-1-CXCR4 interaction and releases BM PCs into the peripheral circulation, where the mobilized cells are recruited to the ..
  23. Strasser G, Kaminker J, Tessier Lavigne M. Microarray analysis of retinal endothelial tip cells identifies CXCR4 as a mediator of tip cell morphology and branching. Blood. 2010;115:5102-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Genes enriched in tip cells include ESM-1, angiopoietin-2, and SLP-76. CXCR4, a receptor for the chemokine stromal-cell derived factor-1, was also identified as a tip cell-enriched gene, and ..
  24. Abbott J, Huang Y, Liu D, Hickey R, Krause D, Giordano F. Stromal cell-derived factor-1alpha plays a critical role in stem cell recruitment to the heart after myocardial infarction but is not sufficient to induce homing in the absence of injury. Circulation. 2004;110:3300-5 pubmed
    ..01). Administration of AMD3100, which specifically blocks binding of SDF-1 to its endogenous receptor CXCR4, diminished BMDC recruitment after MI by 64.2+/-5.5% (P<0...
  25. Egawa T, Kawabata K, Kawamoto H, Amada K, Okamoto R, Fujii N, et al. The earliest stages of B cell development require a chemokine stromal cell-derived factor/pre-B cell growth-stimulating factor. Immunity. 2001;15:323-34 pubmed
    ..that immediately after commitment to B lineage, precursors become dependent on a chemokine SDF-1 and its receptor CXCR4 using mutant and radiation chimeric mice...
  26. Tiveron M, Rossel M, Moepps B, Zhang Y, Seidenfaden R, Favor J, et al. Molecular interaction between projection neuron precursors and invading interneurons via stromal-derived factor 1 (CXCL12)/CXCR4 signaling in the cortical subventricular zone/intermediate zone. J Neurosci. 2006;26:13273-8 pubmed
    ..Using mice lacking the SDF-1 receptor CXCR4 or Pax6, we demonstrate that SDF-1 expression in the cortical SVZ/IZ is essential for recognition of this pathway ..
  27. Sugiyama T, Kohara H, Noda M, Nagasawa T. Maintenance of the hematopoietic stem cell pool by CXCL12-CXCR4 chemokine signaling in bone marrow stromal cell niches. Immunity. 2006;25:977-88 pubmed
    ..Here we showed that the induced deletion of CXCR4, a receptor for CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL) 12 in adult mice, resulted in severe reduction of HSC numbers and ..
  28. Kim H, De La Luz Sierra M, Williams C, Gulino A, Tosato G. G-CSF down-regulation of CXCR4 expression identified as a mechanism for mobilization of myeloid cells. Blood. 2006;108:812-20 pubmed
    b>CXCR4 receptor expression is required for the retention of granulocyte precursors and mature neutrophils within the bone marrow, and disruption of the SDF-1/CXCR4 axis in the bone marrow results in the mobilization of myeloid lineage ..
  29. Vasyutina E, Stebler J, Brand Saberi B, Schulz S, Raz E, Birchmeier C. CXCR4 and Gab1 cooperate to control the development of migrating muscle progenitor cells. Genes Dev. 2005;19:2187-98 pubmed
    ..We show here that migrating muscle progenitors express the chemokine receptor CXCR4. The corresponding ligand, SDF1, is expressed in limb and branchial arch mesenchyme; i.e...
  30. Tögel F, Isaac J, Hu Z, Weiss K, Westenfelder C. Renal SDF-1 signals mobilization and homing of CXCR4-positive cells to the kidney after ischemic injury. Kidney Int. 2005;67:1772-84 pubmed
    ..Stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1) and its receptor CXCR4 are important mediators of leukocyte homeostasis...
  31. Payne C, Gallagher S, Foreman O, Dannenberg J, Depinho R, Braun R. Sin3a is required by sertoli cells to establish a niche for undifferentiated spermatogonia, germ cell tumors, and spermatid elongation. Stem Cells. 2010;28:1424-34 pubmed publisher
    ..C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12)/stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) and chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4 (CXCR4), expressed in Sertoli cells and germ cells, respectively, were not detected...
  32. Wagner N, Bierhansl L, Nöldge Schomburg G, Vollmar B, Roesner J. Toll-like receptor 2-blocking antibodies promote angiogenesis and induce ERK1/2 and AKT signaling via CXCR4 in endothelial cells. Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2013;33:1943-51 pubmed publisher
    ..extracellular signal-regulated kinase1/2 and AKT but not p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase as activation of the CXCR4 canonical signal transduction pathways by stromal cell-derived factor-1...
  33. Dong F, Harvey J, Finan A, Weber K, Agarwal U, Penn M. Myocardial CXCR4 expression is required for mesenchymal stem cell mediated repair following acute myocardial infarction. Circulation. 2012;126:314-24 pubmed publisher
    ..Conditional cardiac myocyte CXCR4 (CM-CXCR4) null mice were generated by use of tamoxifen-inducible cardiac-specific cre by crossing CXCR4 floxed ..
  34. Petty J, Lenox C, Weiss D, Poynter M, Suratt B. Crosstalk between CXCR4/stromal derived factor-1 and VLA-4/VCAM-1 pathways regulates neutrophil retention in the bone marrow. J Immunol. 2009;182:604-12 pubmed
    ..Previous work has implicated the CXCR4/stromal derived factor-1 (SDF-1) chemokine axis in the marrow retention of neutrophils, yet the adhesion pathways ..
  35. Nagasawa T, Hirota S, Tachibana K, Takakura N, Nishikawa S, Kitamura Y, et al. Defects of B-cell lymphopoiesis and bone-marrow myelopoiesis in mice lacking the CXC chemokine PBSF/SDF-1. Nature. 1996;382:635-8 pubmed
    ..In addition, the mutants had a cardiac ventricular septal defect. Hence, we have shown that the chemokine PBSF/SDF-1 has several essential functions in development. ..
  36. Walter D, Haendeler J, Reinhold J, Rochwalsky U, Seeger F, Honold J, et al. Impaired CXCR4 signaling contributes to the reduced neovascularization capacity of endothelial progenitor cells from patients with coronary artery disease. Circ Res. 2005;97:1142-51 pubmed
    ..The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is essential for migration and homing of hematopoietic stem cells...
  37. Zou Y, Kottmann A, Kuroda M, Taniuchi I, Littman D. Function of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 in haematopoiesis and in cerebellar development. Nature. 1998;393:595-9 pubmed
    ..The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is broadly expressed in cells of both the immune and the central nervous systems and can mediate migration of ..
  38. Ara T, Nakamura Y, Egawa T, Sugiyama T, Abe K, Kishimoto T, et al. Impaired colonization of the gonads by primordial germ cells in mice lacking a chemokine, stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2003;100:5319-23 pubmed
    ..SDF-1 and its primary physiologic receptor CXCR4 have multiple essential functions in development including colonization of bone marrow by hematopoietic cells and ..
  39. Yano T, Liu Z, Donovan J, Thomas M, Habener J. Stromal cell derived factor-1 (SDF-1)/CXCL12 attenuates diabetes in mice and promotes pancreatic beta-cell survival by activation of the prosurvival kinase Akt. Diabetes. 2007;56:2946-57 pubmed
    ..Mouse pancreata and clonal beta-cells were examined for expression of SDF-1 and CXCR4, activation of AKT and downstream signaling pathways by SDF-1, and protection against apoptosis and diabetes ..
  40. Nagasawa T, Nakajima T, Tachibana K, Iizasa H, Bleul C, Yoshie O, et al. Molecular cloning and characterization of a murine pre-B-cell growth-stimulating factor/stromal cell-derived factor 1 receptor, a murine homolog of the human immunodeficiency virus 1 entry coreceptor fusin. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1996;93:14726-9 pubmed
    ..The deduced amino acid sequence has 90% identity with that of a HUMSTSR/fusin, a human immunodeficiency virus 1 (HIV-1) entry coreceptor...
  41. Li W, Kohara H, Uchida Y, James J, Soneji K, Cronshaw D, et al. Peripheral nerve-derived CXCL12 and VEGF-A regulate the patterning of arterial vessel branching in developing limb skin. Dev Cell. 2013;24:359-71 pubmed publisher
    ..In this study, we demonstrate that nerve-vessel alignment depends on the activity of Cxcl12-Cxcr4 chemokine signaling...
  42. Chung S, Seki K, Choi B, Kimura K, Ito A, Fujikado N, et al. CXC chemokine receptor 4 expressed in T cells plays an important role in the development of collagen-induced arthritis. Arthritis Res Ther. 2010;12:R188 pubmed publisher
    ..Among these, several studies suggested the involvement of CXC chemokine 4 (CXCR4) and its ligand CXC ligand 12 (SDF-1) in RA pathogenesis...
  43. Nie Y, Waite J, Brewer F, Sunshine M, Littman D, Zou Y. The role of CXCR4 in maintaining peripheral B cell compartments and humoral immunity. J Exp Med. 2004;200:1145-56 pubmed
    The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is expressed in B cells at multiple stages of their development. CXCR4 function in humoral immunity has not been fully investigated...
  44. Tang Y, Zhu W, Cheng M, Chen L, Zhang J, Sun T, et al. Hypoxic preconditioning enhances the benefit of cardiac progenitor cell therapy for treatment of myocardial infarction by inducing CXCR4 expression. Circ Res. 2009;104:1209-16 pubmed publisher
    ..indicate that interactions between the CXC chemokine stromal cell-derived factor 1 and its receptor CXC chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4) critically mediate the ischemia-induced recruitment of bone marrow-derived circulating stem/..
  45. Tokoyoda K, Egawa T, Sugiyama T, Choi B, Nagasawa T. Cellular niches controlling B lymphocyte behavior within bone marrow during development. Immunity. 2004;20:707-18 pubmed
    ..We demonstrate the B lymphocyte characteristic location and movement between specific niches within bone marrow during development and suggest that CXCL12 maintains the cells in the niche. ..
  46. Suratt B, Petty J, Young S, Malcolm K, Lieber J, Nick J, et al. Role of the CXCR4/SDF-1 chemokine axis in circulating neutrophil homeostasis. Blood. 2004;104:565-71 pubmed
    ..Because the CXC chemokine receptor-4/stromal derived factor-1 (CXCR4/SDF-1) axis plays a central role in the interactions of hematopoietic stem cells, lymphocytes, and developing ..
  47. Yang Q, Kim D, Kaucher A, Oatley M, Oatley J. CXCL12-CXCR4 signaling is required for the maintenance of mouse spermatogonial stem cells. J Cell Sci. 2013;126:1009-20 pubmed publisher
    ..the role of chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (CXCL12) signaling via its receptor C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 (CXCR4) in regulation of mouse SSC fate decisions...
  48. Eash K, Greenbaum A, Gopalan P, Link D. CXCR2 and CXCR4 antagonistically regulate neutrophil trafficking from murine bone marrow. J Clin Invest. 2010;120:2423-31 pubmed publisher
    ..cells provides a key retention signal for neutrophils in the bone marrow through activation of its receptor, CXCR4. Attenuation of CXCR4 signaling leads to entry of neutrophils into the circulation through unknown mechanisms...
  49. Janas M, Varano G, Gudmundsson K, Noda M, Nagasawa T, Turner M. Thymic development beyond beta-selection requires phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase activation by CXCR4. J Exp Med. 2010;207:247-61 pubmed publisher
    ..We found evidence of a role for CXCR4 using small molecule antagonists in an in vitro model of beta-selection and demonstrated a requirement for CXCR4 ..
  50. Sohy D, Yano H, de Nadai P, Urizar E, Guillabert A, Javitch J, et al. Hetero-oligomerization of CCR2, CCR5, and CXCR4 and the protean effects of "selective" antagonists. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:31270-9 pubmed publisher
    ..time the existence of hetero-oligomeric complexes composed of at least three chemokine receptors (CCR2, CCR5, and CXCR4)...
  51. Eash K, Means J, White D, Link D. CXCR4 is a key regulator of neutrophil release from the bone marrow under basal and stress granulopoiesis conditions. Blood. 2009;113:4711-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Accumulating evidence suggests that signaling by CXCL12, through its major receptor CXCR4, plays a key role in maintaining neutrophil homeostasis...
  52. Zeelenberg I, Ruuls Van Stalle L, Roos E. The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is required for outgrowth of colon carcinoma micrometastases. Cancer Res. 2003;63:3833-9 pubmed
    b>CXCR4, the receptor for the chemokine stromal cell-derived factor (SDF)-1 (CXCL12), is involved in lymphocyte trafficking...
  53. Li G, Kataoka H, Coughlin S, Pleasure S. Identification of a transient subpial neurogenic zone in the developing dentate gyrus and its regulation by Cxcl12 and reelin signaling. Development. 2009;136:327-35 pubmed publisher
    ..transient location depends on reelin, whereas initial formation of this transient stem cell niche requires Cxcl12-Cxcr4 signaling...
  54. Sun Y, Schneider A, Jung Y, Wang J, Dai J, Wang J, et al. Skeletal localization and neutralization of the SDF-1(CXCL12)/CXCR4 axis blocks prostate cancer metastasis and growth in osseous sites in vivo. J Bone Miner Res. 2005;20:318-29 pubmed
    To delineate the role of SDF-1 and CXCR4 in metastatic prostate cancer (CaP), positive correlations were established between SDF-1 levels and tumor metastasis...
  55. Allen C, Ansel K, Low C, Lesley R, Tamamura H, Fujii N, et al. Germinal center dark and light zone organization is mediated by CXCR4 and CXCR5. Nat Immunol. 2004;5:943-52 pubmed
    ..We report here that GC organization was absent from mice deficient in the chemokine receptor CXCR4. Centroblasts had high expression of CXCR4 and GC B cells migrated toward the CXCR4 ligand SDF-1 (CXCL12), which ..
  56. Lu M, Grove E, Miller R. Abnormal development of the hippocampal dentate gyrus in mice lacking the CXCR4 chemokine receptor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2002;99:7090-5 pubmed
    We investigated the role of the CXCR4 chemokine receptor in development of the mouse hippocampus. CXCR4 mRNA is expressed at sites of neuronal and progenitor cell migration in the hippocampus at late embryonic and early postnatal ages...
  57. Lieberam I, Agalliu D, Nagasawa T, Ericson J, Jessell T. A Cxcl12-CXCR4 chemokine signaling pathway defines the initial trajectory of mammalian motor axons. Neuron. 2005;47:667-79 pubmed
    ..We show here that the chemokine receptor Cxcr4 is expressed on the axons of vMNs as they follow their ventral trajectory, whereas its ligand, Cxcl12, is ..
  58. Nakagawa R, Togawa A, Nagasawa T, Nishikawa S. Peyer's patch inducer cells play a leading role in the formation of B and T cell zone architecture. J Immunol. 2013;190:3309-18 pubmed publisher
    ..PP inducer cells migrate between these zones by undergoing chemokine receptor switching. ..
  59. Takabatake Y, Sugiyama T, Kohara H, Matsusaka T, Kurihara H, Koni P, et al. The CXCL12 (SDF-1)/CXCR4 axis is essential for the development of renal vasculature. J Am Soc Nephrol. 2009;20:1714-23 pubmed publisher
    ..stromal cell-derived factor 1) is a unique homeostatic chemokine that signals through its cognate receptor, CXCR4. CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling is essential for the formation of blood vessels in the gastrointestinal tract during ..
  60. Plotkin J, Prockop S, Lepique A, Petrie H. Critical role for CXCR4 signaling in progenitor localization and T cell differentiation in the postnatal thymus. J Immunol. 2003;171:4521-7 pubmed
    ..Here we show that CXCL12/CXCR4 signaling is absolutely required for proper localization of early progenitors into the cortex and thus for ..
  61. Molyneaux K, Zinszner H, Kunwar P, Schaible K, Stebler J, Sunshine M, et al. The chemokine SDF1/CXCL12 and its receptor CXCR4 regulate mouse germ cell migration and survival. Development. 2003;130:4279-86 pubmed
    ..has shown that the interaction between stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF1) and its G-protein-coupled receptor CXCR4, already known to control many types of normal and pathological cell migrations, is also required for the normal ..
  62. Li Y, Pan Y, Wei Y, Cheng X, Zhou B, Tan M, et al. Upregulation of CXCR4 is essential for HER2-mediated tumor metastasis. Cancer Cell. 2004;6:459-69 pubmed
    ..The chemokine receptor CXCR4 has recently been shown to mediate the movement of malignant cancer cells to specific organs...
  63. Ma Q, Jones D, Borghesani P, Segal R, Nagasawa T, Kishimoto T, et al. Impaired B-lymphopoiesis, myelopoiesis, and derailed cerebellar neuron migration in CXCR4- and SDF-1-deficient mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:9448-53 pubmed
    ..The receptor for SDF-1, CXCR4, also functions as a coreceptor for T-tropic HIV-1 entry...
  64. Ding M, Cui S, Li C, Jothy S, Haase V, Steer B, et al. Loss of the tumor suppressor Vhlh leads to upregulation of Cxcr4 and rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis in mice. Nat Med. 2006;12:1081-7 pubmed
    ..Using gene expression profiling, we identified de novo expression of the HIF target gene Cxcr4 (ref. 3) in glomeruli from both mice and humans with RPGN...