Gene Symbol: Crabp1
Description: cellular retinoic acid binding protein I
Alias: AI326249, CRABP-I, Crabp-1, CrabpI, Rbp-5, cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 1
Species: mouse
Products:     Crabp1

Top Publications

  1. Ruberte E, Friederich V, Morriss Kay G, Chambon P. Differential distribution patterns of CRABP I and CRABP II transcripts during mouse embryogenesis. Development. 1992;115:973-87 pubmed
    ..The CRABP I transcript distribution correlates well with structures known to be targets of excess retinoid-induced ..
  2. Ishibashi M, Ang S, Shiota K, Nakanishi S, Kageyama R, Guillemot F. Targeted disruption of mammalian hairy and Enhancer of split homolog-1 (HES-1) leads to up-regulation of neural helix-loop-helix factors, premature neurogenesis, and severe neural tube defects. Genes Dev. 1995;9:3136-48 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that HES-1 normally controls the proper timing of neurogenesis and regulates neural tube morphogenesis. ..
  3. Conway S, Henderson D, Copp A. Pax3 is required for cardiac neural crest migration in the mouse: evidence from the splotch (Sp2H) mutant. Development. 1997;124:505-14 pubmed
    ..was not due to down-regulation of Pax3 in neural crest cells, as use of independent neural crest markers, Hoxa-3, CrabpI, Prx1, Prx2 and c-met also revealed a deficiency of migrating cardiac neural crest cells in homozygous embryos...
  4. Horton C, Maden M. Endogenous distribution of retinoids during normal development and teratogenesis in the mouse embryo. Dev Dyn. 1995;202:312-23 pubmed
    ..We then considered whether cellular retinoic acid-binding protein I or II (CRABP I or II) played any role in this response by determining their relative levels in each of the tissues analysed...
  5. Gavalas A, Trainor P, Ariza McNaughton L, Krumlauf R. Synergy between Hoxa1 and Hoxb1: the relationship between arch patterning and the generation of cranial neural crest. Development. 2001;128:3017-27 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, they demonstrate that early patterning of the separate components of the pharyngeal arches can proceed independently of neural crest cell migration. ..
  6. Watari N, Kameda Y, Takeichi M, Chisaka O. Hoxa3 regulates integration of glossopharyngeal nerve precursor cells. Dev Biol. 2001;240:15-31 pubmed
    ..In summary, the Hoxa3 gene has crucial roles in ensuring the correct axon projection pattern of all three components of the IXth nerve, i.e., motor neurons and sensory neurons of the proximal and distal ganglia. ..
  7. Stoner C, Gudas L. Mouse cellular retinoic acid binding protein: cloning, complementary DNA sequence, and messenger RNA expression during the retinoic acid-induced differentiation of F9 wild type and RA-3-10 mutant teratocarcinoma cells. Cancer Res. 1989;49:1497-504 pubmed
    ..One interpretation of this result is that there is negative regulation of CRABP mRNA expression, mediated directly or indirectly by the wild type functional CRABP protein, and that this regulation is aberrant in the RA-3-10 cells. ..
  8. Xu H, Morishima M, Wylie J, Schwartz R, Bruneau B, Lindsay E, et al. Tbx1 has a dual role in the morphogenesis of the cardiac outflow tract. Development. 2004;131:3217-27 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, our data link, for the first time, the function of the secondary heart field to congenital heart disease. ..
  9. Maden M, Horton C, Graham A, Leonard L, Pizzey J, Siegenthaler G, et al. Domains of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein I (CRABP I) expression in the hindbrain and neural crest of the mouse embryo. Mech Dev. 1992;37:13-23 pubmed
    We describe here the distribution of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein I (CRABP I) in the head of the early mouse embryo from day 8 to day 13 of gestation, using both in situ hybridisation to localise mRNA and immunocytochemistry to ..

More Information


  1. Harrelson Z, Kelly R, Goldin S, Gibson Brown J, Bollag R, Silver L, et al. Tbx2 is essential for patterning the atrioventricular canal and for morphogenesis of the outflow tract during heart development. Development. 2004;131:5041-52 pubmed
  2. Niederreither K, Vermot J, Le Roux I, Schuhbaur B, Chambon P, Dolle P. The regional pattern of retinoic acid synthesis by RALDH2 is essential for the development of posterior pharyngeal arches and the enteric nervous system. Development. 2003;130:2525-34 pubmed
    ..Thus, RALDH2 plays a crucial role in producing RA required for pharyngeal development, and RA is one of the diffusible mesodermal signals that pattern the pharyngeal endoderm. ..
  3. Dupé V, Ghyselinck N, Wendling O, Chambon P, Mark M. Key roles of retinoic acid receptors alpha and beta in the patterning of the caudal hindbrain, pharyngeal arches and otocyst in the mouse. Development. 1999;126:5051-9 pubmed
  4. Goddard J, Rossel M, Manley N, Capecchi M. Mice with targeted disruption of Hoxb-1 fail to form the motor nucleus of the VIIth nerve. Development. 1996;122:3217-28 pubmed
    ..These animals should therefore provide a useful animal model for these human diseases. ..
  5. Studer M, Lumsden A, Ariza McNaughton L, Bradley A, Krumlauf R. Altered segmental identity and abnormal migration of motor neurons in mice lacking Hoxb-1. Nature. 1996;384:630-4 pubmed
    ..These results demonstrate that, as a part of its role in maintaining rhombomere identity, Hoxb-1 is involved in controlling migratory properties of motor neurons in the hindbrain. ..
  6. Qiu Y, Pereira F, DeMayo F, Lydon J, Tsai S, Tsai M. Null mutation of mCOUP-TFI results in defects in morphogenesis of the glossopharyngeal ganglion, axonal projection, and arborization. Genes Dev. 1997;11:1925-37 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, mCOUP-TFI possesses vital physiological functions that are distinct from mCOUP-TFII despite of their high degree of homology and extensive overlapping expression patterns. ..
  7. Rossel M, Capecchi M. Mice mutant for both Hoxa1 and Hoxb1 show extensive remodeling of the hindbrain and defects in craniofacial development. Development. 1999;126:5027-40 pubmed
  8. McKay I, Muchamore I, Krumlauf R, Maden M, Lumsden A, Lewis J. The kreisler mouse: a hindbrain segmentation mutant that lacks two rhombomeres. Development. 1994;120:2199-211 pubmed
    ..9), Hoxb-2 (Hox 2.8), Hoxa-3 (Hox 1.5), Hoxd-4 (Hox 4.2) and cellular retinoic-acid binding protein I (CRABP I), it appears that the fundamental defect is a loss of r5 and r6...
  9. Schneider Maunoury S, Topilko P, Seitandou T, Levi G, Cohen Tannoudji M, Pournin S, et al. Disruption of Krox-20 results in alteration of rhombomeres 3 and 5 in the developing hindbrain. Cell. 1993;75:1199-214 pubmed
    ..We conclude that Krox-20, although not required for the initial delimitation of r3 and r5, plays an important role in the process of segmentation governing hindbrain development. ..
  10. Randall V, McCue K, Roberts C, Kyriakopoulou V, Beddow S, Barrett A, et al. Great vessel development requires biallelic expression of Chd7 and Tbx1 in pharyngeal ectoderm in mice. J Clin Invest. 2009;119:3301-10 pubmed publisher
    ..We could not rescue PAA morphogenesis by restoring neural crest Chd7 expression. Rather, biallelic expression of Chd7 and Tbx1 in the pharyngeal ectoderm was required for normal PAA development...
  11. Leonard L, Horton C, Maden M, Pizzey J. Anteriorization of CRABP-I expression by retinoic acid in the developing mouse central nervous system and its relationship to teratogenesis. Dev Biol. 1995;168:514-28 pubmed
    ..The role that CRABP-I may play in normal development of the hindbrain and in teratogenesis and the similarity of these results to those obtained with various Hox genes are discussed. ..
  12. Ruberte E, Dolle P, Chambon P, Morriss Kay G. Retinoic acid receptors and cellular retinoid binding proteins. II. Their differential pattern of transcription during early morphogenesis in mouse embryos. Development. 1991;111:45-60 pubmed
    ..the retinoic acid receptors, RAR-alpha, -beta and -gamma, and the cellular binding proteins for retinoic acid (CRABP I) and retinol (CRBP I), in mouse embryos during the period of early morphogenesis...
  13. Ikeya M, Lee S, Johnson J, McMahon A, Takada S. Wnt signalling required for expansion of neural crest and CNS progenitors. Nature. 1997;389:966-70 pubmed
    ..Given the widespread expression of different Wnt genes in discrete areas of the mammalian neural tube, this may represent a general model for the action of Wnt signalling in the developing CNS. ..
  14. Akhmedov N, Piriev N, Chang B, Rapoport A, Hawes N, Nishina P, et al. A deletion in a photoreceptor-specific nuclear receptor mRNA causes retinal degeneration in the rd7 mouse. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000;97:5551-6 pubmed
    ..Our findings demonstrate that mPNR expression is critical for the normal development and function of the photoreceptor cells. ..
  15. Furuyama T, Kitayama K, Shimoda Y, Ogawa M, Sone K, Yoshida Araki K, et al. Abnormal angiogenesis in Foxo1 (Fkhr)-deficient mice. J Biol Chem. 2004;279:34741-9 pubmed
    ..These results suggest that Foxo1 is essential to the ability of endothelial cells to respond properly to a high dose of VEGF, thereby playing a critical role in normal vascular development. ..
  16. Ulven S, Gundersen T, Weedon M, Landaas V, Sakhi A, Fromm S, et al. Identification of endogenous retinoids, enzymes, binding proteins, and receptors during early postimplantation development in mouse: important role of retinal dehydrogenase type 2 in synthesis of all-trans-retinoic acid. Dev Biol. 2000;220:379-91 pubmed
    ..Therefore, our results suggest that RALDH2 is a key regulator in initiating retinoic acid synthesis sometime between the mid-primitive streak stage and the late allantoic bud stage in mouse embryos. ..
  17. Lufkin T, Lohnes D, Mark M, Dierich A, Gorry P, Gaub M, et al. High postnatal lethality and testis degeneration in retinoic acid receptor alpha mutant mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993;90:7225-9 pubmed
    ..These results, showing that RAR alpha is indeed involved in the transduction of the RA signal, also suggest an unexpected genetic redundancy. ..
  18. Garel S, Marin F, Grosschedl R, Charnay P. Ebf1 controls early cell differentiation in the embryonic striatum. Development. 1999;126:5285-94 pubmed
  19. Kanzler B, Foreman R, Labosky P, Mallo M. BMP signaling is essential for development of skeletogenic and neurogenic cranial neural crest. Development. 2000;127:1095-104 pubmed
    ..Our results provide functional evidence for an essential role of BMP signaling in CNC development. ..
  20. Dennis J, Kurosaka H, Iulianella A, Pace J, Thomas N, Beckham S, et al. Mutations in Hedgehog acyltransferase (Hhat) perturb Hedgehog signaling, resulting in severe acrania-holoprosencephaly-agnathia craniofacial defects. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002927 pubmed publisher
    ..Future genetic studies should include HHAT as a potential candidate in the etiology and pathogenesis of HPE and its associated disorders. ..
  21. Fawcett D, Pasceri P, Fraser R, Colbert M, Rossant J, Giguere V. Postaxial polydactyly in forelimbs of CRABP-II mutant mice. Development. 1995;121:671-9 pubmed
    ..This developmental abnormality implies a role for CRABP-II in normal patterning of the limb. ..
  22. Romand R, Sapin V, Ghyselinck N, Avan P, Le Calvez S, Dolle P, et al. Spatio-temporal distribution of cellular retinoid binding protein gene transcripts in the developing and the adult cochlea. Morphological and functional consequences in CRABP- and CRBPI-null mutant mice. Eur J Neurosci. 2000;12:2793-804 pubmed
    ..Expression of the cellular retinoic acid binding protein I (CRABPI) is restricted during development in Kölliker's organ whilst cellular retinol binding protein II (CRBPII) is only ..
  23. Mallo M. Retinoic acid disturbs mouse middle ear development in a stage-dependent fashion. Dev Biol. 1997;184:175-86 pubmed
    ..5 hr of pregnancy. Moreover, interactions between adjacent bones are not required for their proper formation. My results also suggest a Hoxa-2-mediated patterning of the otic capsule in the region where the oval window is located. ..
  24. Mesbah K, Harrelson Z, Théveniau Ruissy M, Papaioannou V, Kelly R. Tbx3 is required for outflow tract development. Circ Res. 2008;103:743-50 pubmed publisher
  25. Geurts van Kessel A, de Leeuw H, Dekker E, Rijks L, Spurr N, Ledbetter D, et al. Localization of the cellular retinoic acid binding protein (CRABP) gene relative to the acute promyelocytic leukemia-associated breakpoint on human chromosome 15. Hum Genet. 1991;87:201-4 pubmed
    ..Thus, the observed lack of CRABP expression in these leukemic cells may not be caused by disruption of its gene. CRABP maps to the region 15q22-qter. ..
  26. Simrick S, Lickert H, Basson M. Sprouty genes are essential for the normal development of epibranchial ganglia in the mouse embryo. Dev Biol. 2011;358:147-55 pubmed publisher
  27. Mead T, Yutzey K. Notch pathway regulation of neural crest cell development in vivo. Dev Dyn. 2012;241:376-89 pubmed publisher
  28. Wiszniak S, Kabbara S, Lumb R, Scherer M, Secker G, Harvey N, et al. The ubiquitin ligase Nedd4 regulates craniofacial development by promoting cranial neural crest cell survival and stem-cell like properties. Dev Biol. 2013;383:186-200 pubmed publisher
    ..Our analyses therefore uncover an essential role for Nedd4 in a subset of cranial NC cells and highlight E3 ubiquitin ligases as a likely point of convergence for multiple NC signalling pathways and transcription factor networks. ..
  29. Lin Y, Persaud S, Nhieu J, Wei L. Cellular Retinoic Acid-Binding Protein 1 Modulates Stem Cell Proliferation to Affect Learning and Memory in Male Mice. Endocrinology. 2017;158:3004-3014 pubmed publisher
    ..This study validated the functional role of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 1 (Crabp1) in mediating nongenomic activity in RA, specifically activating ERK1/2 to rapidly augment the cell cycle by ..
  30. Molotkov A, Molotkova N, Duester G. Retinoic acid guides eye morphogenetic movements via paracrine signaling but is unnecessary for retinal dorsoventral patterning. Development. 2006;133:1901-10 pubmed
    ..At all stages, RA target tissues are distinct from locations of RA synthesis, indicating that RALDHs function cell-nonautonomously to generate paracrine RA signals that guide morphogenetic movements in neighboring cells. ..
  31. Dolle P, Ruberte E, Kastner P, Petkovich M, Stoner C, Gudas L, et al. Differential expression of genes encoding alpha, beta and gamma retinoic acid receptors and CRABP in the developing limbs of the mouse. Nature. 1989;342:702-5 pubmed
    ..CRABP transcripts, however, are excluded from regions expressing mRAR gamma and mRAR beta. These results indicate that all three RARs and CRABP have specific functions during morphogenesis and differentiation of the mouse limb. ..
  32. Dolle P, Ruberte E, Leroy P, Morriss Kay G, Chambon P. Retinoic acid receptors and cellular retinoid binding proteins. I. A systematic study of their differential pattern of transcription during mouse organogenesis. Development. 1990;110:1133-51 pubmed
  33. Dencker L, Annerwall E, Busch C, Eriksson U. Localization of specific retinoid-binding sites and expression of cellular retinoic-acid-binding protein (CRABP) in the early mouse embryo. Development. 1990;110:343-52 pubmed
    ..We propose that the teratogenic effects of exogenous retinoids are due to an interference with mechanisms by which endogenous retinoic acid regulates differentiation and pattern formation in these tissues. ..
  34. Swiatek P, Gridley T. Perinatal lethality and defects in hindbrain development in mice homozygous for a targeted mutation of the zinc finger gene Krox20. Genes Dev. 1993;7:2071-84 pubmed
    ..These data demonstrate that Krox20 plays an essential role during development of the hindbrain and associated cranial sensory ganglia in mice. ..
  35. Ghyselinck N, Dupé V, Dierich A, Messaddeq N, Garnier J, Rochette Egly C, et al. Role of the retinoic acid receptor beta (RARbeta) during mouse development. Int J Dev Biol. 1997;41:425-47 pubmed
    ..We also provide evidence that, at least in some instances, this phenomenon of functional redundancy between RARs may be an artifactual consequence of gene knock-out. ..
  36. Mark M, Lufkin T, Vonesch J, Ruberte E, Olivo J, Dolle P, et al. Two rhombomeres are altered in Hoxa-1 mutant mice. Development. 1993;119:319-38 pubmed
    ..The first three of these rhombomeres appear normal as judged from the distribution pattern of CRABPI transcripts in the neurectoderm and from the histological analysis of the cranial nerve components derived from ..
  37. Ferrolino M, Zhuravleva A, Budyak I, Krishnan B, Gierasch L. Delicate balance between functionally required flexibility and aggregation risk in a ?-rich protein. Biochemistry. 2013;52:8843-54 pubmed publisher
    ..predominantly ?-sheet protein whose folding has been explored in detail, cellular retinoic acid-binding protein 1 (CRABP1), as a model, we have tackled the challenge of understanding the links between a protein's natural tendency to ..
  38. Zhang J, Smith D, Yamamoto M, Ma L, McCaffery P. The meninges is a source of retinoic acid for the late-developing hindbrain. J Neurosci. 2003;23:7610-20 pubmed
  39. Foster K, Gordon J, Cardenas K, Veiga Fernandes H, Makinen T, Grigorieva E, et al. EphB-ephrin-B2 interactions are required for thymus migration during organogenesis. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:13414-9 pubmed publisher
    ..This implies a NC-derived cell-specific role of EphB-ephrin-B2 interactions in the collective migration of the thymic rudiment during organogenesis. ..
  40. Byrd N, Meyers E. Loss of Gbx2 results in neural crest cell patterning and pharyngeal arch artery defects in the mouse embryo. Dev Biol. 2005;284:233-45 pubmed
    ..Here, we demonstrate that Fgf8 and Gbx2 expression overlaps in regions of the developing pharyngeal arches and that they interact genetically during pharyngeal arch and cardiovascular development. ..
  41. Ai D, Liu W, Ma L, Dong F, Lu M, Wang D, et al. Pitx2 regulates cardiac left-right asymmetry by patterning second cardiac lineage-derived myocardium. Dev Biol. 2006;296:437-49 pubmed
    ..Our findings reveal that Pitx2 is dispensable in the cardiac neural crest but functions in second lineage myocardium revealing that this cardiac progenitor field is patterned asymmetrically. ..
  42. Vincent S, Dunn N, Sciammas R, Shapiro Shalef M, Davis M, Calame K, et al. The zinc finger transcriptional repressor Blimp1/Prdm1 is dispensable for early axis formation but is required for specification of primordial germ cells in the mouse. Development. 2005;132:1315-25 pubmed
    ..Thus Blimp1 probably acts to turn off the default pathway that allows epiblast cells to adopt a somatic cell fate, and shifts the transcriptional program so that they become exclusively allocated into the germ cell lineage. ..
  43. Roux M, Laforest B, Capecchi M, Bertrand N, Zaffran S. Hoxb1 regulates proliferation and differentiation of second heart field progenitors in pharyngeal mesoderm and genetically interacts with Hoxa1 during cardiac outflow tract development. Dev Biol. 2015;406:247-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings provide new insights into the gene regulatory network controlling SHF and OFT formation. ..
  44. Collins C, Watt F. Dynamic regulation of retinoic acid-binding proteins in developing, adult and neoplastic skin reveals roles for beta-catenin and Notch signalling. Dev Biol. 2008;324:55-67 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that cellular RA-binding proteins CRABP1 and CRABP2 and the fatty acid-binding protein FABP5 are dynamically expressed during skin development and in adult ..
  45. Washington Smoak I, Byrd N, Abu Issa R, Goddeeris M, Anderson R, Morris J, et al. Sonic hedgehog is required for cardiac outflow tract and neural crest cell development. Dev Biol. 2005;283:357-72 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that SHH signaling does not act directly on NCCs as a survival factor, but rather acts to restrict the domains that NCCs can populate during early stages (e8.5-10.5) of cardiovascular and craniofacial development. ..
  46. Wei L, Chen G, Chu Y, Tsao J, Nguyen Huu M. A 3 kb sequence from the mouse cellular retinoic-acid-binding protein gene upstream region mediates spatial and temporal LacZ expression in transgenic mouse embryos. Development. 1991;112:847-54 pubmed
    ..Thus, it is concluded that the 3 kb sequence, but not the 583 bp sequence, of the mouse CRABP gene contains information for its temporally and spatially specific expression in mouse embryos. ..
  47. Abu Issa R, Smyth G, Smoak I, Yamamura K, Meyers E. Fgf8 is required for pharyngeal arch and cardiovascular development in the mouse. Development. 2002;129:4613-25 pubmed
    ..This study defines the cardiovascular defects present in Fgf8 mutants and supports a role for Fgf8 in development of all the pharyngeal arches and in NCC survival. ..
  48. Ohnemus S, Kanzler B, Jerome Majewska L, Papaioannou V, Boehm T, Mallo M. Aortic arch and pharyngeal phenotype in the absence of BMP-dependent neural crest in the mouse. Mech Dev. 2002;119:127-35 pubmed
  49. Dettlaff Swiercz D, Wettschureck N, Moers A, Huber K, Offermanns S. Characteristic defects in neural crest cell-specific Galphaq/Galpha11- and Galpha12/Galpha13-deficient mice. Dev Biol. 2005;282:174-82 pubmed
    ..In contrast, ET-3/ET(B)-mediated development of neural crest-derived melanocytes and enteric neurons appears to involve G-proteins different from G(q)/G(11)/G(12)/G(13). ..
  50. Parenti R, Cicirata F. Retinoids and binding proteins in the cerebellum during lifetime. Cerebellum. 2004;3:16-20 pubmed
    ..b>CRABP I, expressed in the embryonic cerebellum, is involved in the development of the organ and in cellular ..
  51. Kurosaka H, Iulianella A, Williams T, Trainor P. Disrupting hedgehog and WNT signaling interactions promotes cleft lip pathogenesis. J Clin Invest. 2014;124:1660-71 pubmed publisher
  52. Fowles L, Bennetts J, Berkman J, Williams E, Koopman P, Teasdale R, et al. Genomic screen for genes involved in mammalian craniofacial development. Genesis. 2003;35:73-87 pubmed
  53. Trokovic N, Trokovic R, Mai P, Partanen J. Fgfr1 regulates patterning of the pharyngeal region. Genes Dev. 2003;17:141-53 pubmed
    ..Our results indicate that Fgfr1 patterns the pharyngeal region to create a permissive environment for neural crest cell migration. ..
  54. Colbert M, Rubin W, Linney E, LaMantia A. Retinoid signaling and the generation of regional and cellular diversity in the embryonic mouse spinal cord. Dev Dyn. 1995;204:1-12 pubmed
    ..At E12.5, RA, transgene expression, and RAR beta become restricted to the cervical and lumbar cord. RAR alpha, CRABPI, and RXR gamma, however, are found throughout the AP extent...
  55. Gustafson A, Donovan M, Annerwall E, Dencker L, Eriksson U. Nuclear import of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein type I in mouse embryonic cells. Mech Dev. 1996;58:27-38 pubmed
    Using confocal microscopy we show that cellular retinoic acid-binding protein type I (CRABP I), expressed in several embryonic cell types, displays a compartmentalized subcellular distribution...
  56. Otto D, Henderson C, Carrie D, Davey M, Gundersen T, Blomhoff R, et al. Identification of novel roles of the cytochrome p450 system in early embryogenesis: effects on vasculogenesis and retinoic Acid homeostasis. Mol Cell Biol. 2003;23:6103-16 pubmed
  57. Vaessen M, Kootwijk E, Mummery C, Hilkens J, Bootsma D, van Kessel A. Preferential expression of cellular retinoic acid binding protein in a subpopulation of neural cells in the developing mouse embryo. Differentiation. 1989;40:99-105 pubmed
    ..This restricted expression pattern suggests an important role for cellular retinoic acid binding protein in murine neurogenesis...
  58. Gendron Maguire M, Mallo M, Zhang M, Gridley T. Hoxa-2 mutant mice exhibit homeotic transformation of skeletal elements derived from cranial neural crest. Cell. 1993;75:1317-31 pubmed
    ..Skeletal elements normally derived from the second arch were absent in the mutants. These data provide direct experimental evidence for the existence of a branchial Hox code. ..
  59. Seitanidou T, Schneider Maunoury S, Desmarquet C, Wilkinson D, Charnay P. Krox-20 is a key regulator of rhombomere-specific gene expression in the developing hindbrain. Mech Dev. 1997;65:31-42 pubmed
  60. Gustafson A, Dencker L, Eriksson U. Non-overlapping expression of CRBP I and CRABP I during pattern formation of limbs and craniofacial structures in the early mouse embryo. Development. 1993;117:451-60 pubmed
    ..did not express detectable levels of CRBP I but instead expressed cellular retinoic acid-binding protein I (CRABP I). Previous results have demonstrated that CRABP I is involved in accumulation of RA in the embryo...
  61. Dupé V, Pellerin I. Retinoic acid receptors exhibit cell-autonomous functions in cranial neural crest cells. Dev Dyn. 2009;238:2701-11 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, RARs exert a function in the NCC as well as in a separated cell population. This work demonstrates that RARs use distinct mechanisms to pattern cranial NCC. ..
  62. Yamamoto M, Drager U, Ong D, McCaffery P. Retinoid-binding proteins in the cerebellum and choroid plexus and their relationship to regionalized retinoic acid synthesis and degradation. Eur J Biochem. 1998;257:344-50 pubmed
    ..A technique that characterizes RA-binding proteins according to their isoelectric point showed both CRABP I and CRABP II to be present in the cerebellum and P19 cells, and only CRABP II to be present in the choroid plexus...
  63. Bami M, Episkopou V, Gavalas A, Gouti M. Directed neural differentiation of mouse embryonic stem cells is a sensitive system for the identification of novel Hox gene effectors. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e20197 pubmed publisher
    ..We show that Hoxb1 acts as an activator to establish the full expression domain of CRABPI and II in rhombomere 4 and as a repressor to restrict expression of Lhx5 and Lhx9...
  64. Lyn S, Giguere V. Localization of CRABP-I and CRABP-II mRNA in the early mouse embryo by whole-mount in situ hybridization: implications for teratogenesis and neural development. Dev Dyn. 1994;199:280-91 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, the limited ability of CRABP mRNA levels to respond to exogenous retinoids may be a factor in retinoid teratogenicity. ..
  65. Kleywegt G, Bergfors T, Senn H, Le Motte P, Gsell B, Shudo K, et al. Crystal structures of cellular retinoic acid binding proteins I and II in complex with all-trans-retinoic acid and a synthetic retinoid. Structure. 1994;2:1241-58 pubmed
    ..Bovine/murine CRABP I and human CRABP II have been crystallized in complex with their natural ligand, all-trans-RA...
  66. Mulder G, Manley N, Grant J, Schmidt K, Zeng W, Eckhoff C, et al. Effects of excess vitamin A on development of cranial neural crest-derived structures: a neonatal and embryologic study. Teratology. 2000;62:214-26 pubmed
  67. Tondeleir D, Noelanders R, Bakkali K, Ampe C. Beta-actin is required for proper mouse neural crest ontogeny. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e85608 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the absence of beta-actin affects cadherin-11 and N-cadherin function, which could partly be alleviated by ROCK inhibition, situating the Rho-ROCK signaling in a feedback loop with cadherin-11. ..
  68. Stachurska E, Loboda A, Niderla Bielinska J, Szperl M, Juszyński M, Jozkowicz A, et al. Expression of cellular retinoic acid-binding protein I and II (CRABP I and II) in embryonic mouse hearts treated with retinoic acid. Acta Biochim Pol. 2011;58:19-29 pubmed
    ..Our aim was to compare the expression and localization of cellular retinoic acid binding proteins I and II (CRABP I and II) in embryonic mouse hearts during normal development and after a single teratogenic dose of RA...
  69. Sapin V, Ward S, Bronner S, Chambon P, Dolle P. Differential expression of transcripts encoding retinoid binding proteins and retinoic acid receptors during placentation of the mouse. Dev Dyn. 1997;208:199-210 pubmed
    ..binding protein (RBP), the cellular retinol binding proteins (CRBP I, II) and retinoic acid binding proteins (CRABP I, II), the retinaldehyde dehydrogenase type 2 (RALDH-2), the retinoic acid receptors (RARs), and the retinoid X ..
  70. Clugston R, Zhang W, Alvarez S, de Lera A, Greer J. Understanding abnormal retinoid signaling as a causative mechanism in congenital diaphragmatic hernia. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2010;42:276-85 pubmed publisher
    ..This study also yielded a novel experimental model that should prove particularly useful for further studies of CDH. ..
  71. Gavalas A, Studer M, Lumsden A, Rijli F, Krumlauf R, Chambon P. Hoxa1 and Hoxb1 synergize in patterning the hindbrain, cranial nerves and second pharyngeal arch. Development. 1998;125:1123-36 pubmed
    ..Taken together, our results unveil an extensive functional synergy between Hoxa1 and Hoxb1 that was not anticipated from the phenotypes of the simple null mutants. ..
  72. Lane M, Xu J, Wilen E, Sylvester R, Derguini F, Gudas L. LIF removal increases CRABPI and CRABPII transcripts in embryonic stem cells cultured in retinol or 4-oxoretinol. Mol Cell Endocrinol. 2008;280:63-74 pubmed
    ..The increase in CRABPI mRNA occurred through an increase in CRABPI gene transcription...
  73. Bloch Zupan A, Decimo D, Loriot M, Mark M, Ruch J. Expression of nuclear retinoic acid receptors during mouse odontogenesis. Differentiation. 1994;57:195-203 pubmed
    ..on frozen sections and compared with the expression patterns of the cellular retinoic acid binding proteins CRABPI and II. The transcripts distribution of each RAR and RXR was basically similar in developing molars and incisors...
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    The expression of the cellular retinoic acid binding protein type I (CRABP I) was examined in the early phase of cerebellar development in the mouse. The CRABP I was expressed from embryonic day (E) 10.5 to E15.5 in the cerebellar plate...
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    ..Further, the observed defects in thymus development may be mediated by RA-induced alterations in the expression of Hoxa3. ..
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    ..Taken together, these findings provide compelling genetic evidence that Smad4-mediated activities of TGFbeta/BMP signals are essential for appropriate NCC development. ..
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    ..Our results indicate that CRABP I, RAR beta, and RAR gamma mRNAs are expressed differentially between parent and RA-hypersensitive mutant cells...
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    ..PA deficiencies affect multiple aspects of taste bud development, including formation of the cranial ganglia and innervation to the posterior tongue. ..
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    ..It is speculated that recruitment of an iLBP during evolution of animals enabled the mitochondrial oxidation of long-chain fatty acids. ..
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    ..The up-regulation of the gene encoding CRABP-II by its ligand suggests that CRABP-II might be involved in a feedback regulatory role in the mechanism of action of retinoic acid on cellular differentiation. ..
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    ..We suggest that RA signaling cooperates with a posteriorly restricted factor such as dHand, to generate a functional zone of polarizing activity (ZPA). ..