Gene Symbol: Col1a2
Description: collagen, type I, alpha 2
Alias: AA960264, AI325291, Col1a-2, Cola-2, Cola2, oim, collagen alpha-2(I) chain, alpha-2 type I collagen, collagen COL1A2, procollagen, type I, alpha 2
Species: mouse
Products:     Col1a2

Top Publications

  1. Bozec A, Bakiri L, Jimenez M, Schinke T, Amling M, Wagner E. Fra-2/AP-1 controls bone formation by regulating osteoblast differentiation and collagen production. J Cell Biol. 2010;190:1093-106 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings reveal a novel function of Fra-2/AP-1 as a positive regulator of bone and matrix formation in mice and humans. ..
  2. Miles C, Sims T, Camacho N, Bailey A. The role of the alpha2 chain in the stabilization of the collagen type I heterotrimer: a study of the type I homotrimer in oim mouse tissues. J Mol Biol. 2002;321:797-805 pubmed
    We have previously reported that the fragility of skin, tendon and bone from the oim mouse is related to a significant reduction in the intermolecular cross-linking...
  3. Aszodi A, Pfeifer A, Wendel M, Hiripi L, Fassler R. Mouse models for extracellular matrix diseases. J Mol Med (Berl). 1998;76:238-52 pubmed
    ..This review lists all mouse strains with spontaneous and experimentally induced mutations in ECM genes. The phenotypes of these mice are discussed in comparison with the human diseases. ..
  4. Camacho N, Hou L, Toledano T, Ilg W, Brayton C, Raggio C, et al. The material basis for reduced mechanical properties in oim mice bones. J Bone Miner Res. 1999;14:264-72 pubmed
    ..The heterozygous and homozygous oim mice (oim/+ and oim/oim) exhibit mild and severe OI phenotypes, respectively, serving as controlled animal models ..
  5. Forlino A, Porter F, Lee E, Westphal H, Marini J. Use of the Cre/lox recombination system to develop a non-lethal knock-in murine model for osteogenesis imperfecta with an alpha1(I) G349C substitution. Variability in phenotype in BrtlIV mice. J Biol Chem. 1999;274:37923-31 pubmed
    ..Alternative splicing involving the stop cassette results in retention of non-collagenous sequences. These mice reproduce the lethal phenotype of similar human mutations and are designated BrtlII. ..
  6. Vanleene M, Porter A, Guillot P, Boyde A, Oyen M, Shefelbine S. Ultra-structural defects cause low bone matrix stiffness despite high mineralization in osteogenesis imperfecta mice. Bone. 2012;50:1317-23 pubmed publisher
    ..To address this research gap, we used a mouse model of the disease (oim) to measure these outcomes together in order to propose an underlying mechanism for the changes in properties...
  7. Grabner B, Landis W, Roschger P, Rinnerthaler S, Peterlik H, Klaushofer K, et al. Age- and genotype-dependence of bone material properties in the osteogenesis imperfecta murine model (oim). Bone. 2001;29:453-7 pubmed
    Cortical mineralization of long bones was studied in collagen alpha2(I)-deficient mice (oim) used as a model for human osteogenesis imperfecta...
  8. Chipman S, Sweet H, McBride D, Davisson M, Marks S, Shuldiner A, et al. Defective pro alpha 2(I) collagen synthesis in a recessive mutation in mice: a model of human osteogenesis imperfecta. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1993;90:1701-5 pubmed
    ..We describe a strain of mice with a nonlethal recessively inherited mutation (oim) that results in phenotypic and biochemical features that simulate moderate to severe human OI...
  9. McBride D, Shapiro J, Dunn M. Bone geometry and strength measurements in aging mice with the oim mutation. Calcif Tissue Int. 1998;62:172-6 pubmed
    Mice with the naturally occurring oim mutation allows investigation of bone pathobiology in the setting of one mutation: a G deletion in the murine Cola-2 gene (exon 52) encoding the proalpha2(I) C-propeptide...

More Information


  1. Kim I, Otto F, Zabel B, Mundlos S. Regulation of chondrocyte differentiation by Cbfa1. Mech Dev. 1999;80:159-70 pubmed
    ..Our studies identify Cbfa1 as a major positive regulator of chondrocyte differentiation. ..
  2. Kalajzic I, Terzic J, Rumboldt Z, Mack K, Naprta A, Ledgard F, et al. Osteoblastic response to the defective matrix in the osteogenesis imperfecta murine (oim) mouse. Endocrinology. 2002;143:1594-601 pubmed
    ..pathophysiology associated with the weakened bone matrix found in a murine model of osteogenesis imperfecta murine (oim)...
  3. Sims T, Miles C, Bailey A, Camacho N. Properties of collagen in OIM mouse tissues. Connect Tissue Res. 2003;44 Suppl 1:202-5 pubmed
    The deletion of the alpha2 chain from type I collagen in the oim mouse model of osteogenesis imperfecta has been shown to result in a significant reduction in the mechanical strength of the tail tendon and bone tissue...
  4. Vanleene M, Saldanha Z, Cloyd K, Jell G, Bou Gharios G, Bassett J, et al. Transplantation of human fetal blood stem cells in the osteogenesis imperfecta mouse leads to improvement in multiscale tissue properties. Blood. 2011;117:1053-60 pubmed publisher
    ..stem/stromal cells engrafted in bones, differentiated into mature osteoblasts, expressed osteocalcin, and produced COL1a2 protein, which is absent in oim mice...
  5. Daley E, Streeten E, Sorkin J, Kuznetsova N, Shapses S, Carleton S, et al. Variable bone fragility associated with an Amish COL1A2 variant and a knock-in mouse model. J Bone Miner Res. 2010;25:247-61 pubmed publisher
    Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heritable form of bone fragility typically associated with a dominant COL1A1 or COL1A2 mutation...
  6. Forlino A, Kuznetsova N, Marini J, Leikin S. Selective retention and degradation of molecules with a single mutant alpha1(I) chain in the Brtl IV mouse model of OI. Matrix Biol. 2007;26:604-14 pubmed
    ..Based on these and our previous findings, we argue that the outcome in Brtl IV may be significantly affected by cellular stress and malfunction caused by the retention and degradation of newly synthesized mutant collagen. ..
  7. Phillips C, Morgan A, Lever L, Wenstrup R. Sequence analysis of a full-length cDNA for the murine pro alpha 2(I) collagen chain: comparison of the derived primary structure with human pro alpha 2(I) collagen. Genomics. 1992;13:1345-6 pubmed
    ..The X and Y residues show 86% homology between murine and human pro alpha 2(I) collagen triple helices, with no truly nonconservative substitutions. ..
  8. Kuznetsova N, McBride D, Leikin S. Changes in thermal stability and microunfolding pattern of collagen helix resulting from the loss of alpha2(I) chain in osteogenesis imperfecta murine. J Mol Biol. 2003;331:191-200 pubmed
    ..question in more detail using purified tendon collagen from wild-type (alpha1(I)(2)alpha2(I) heterotrimers) and oim (alpha1(I)(3)) mice as well as artificial alpha1(I)(3) homotrimers obtained by refolding of rat-tail-tendon ..
  9. Phillips C, Bradley D, Schlotzhauer C, Bergfeld M, Libreros Minotta C, Gawenis L, et al. Oim mice exhibit altered femur and incisor mineral composition and decreased bone mineral density. Bone. 2000;27:219-26 pubmed
    ..The oim/oim mouse (homozygous for a null mutation in its COL1A2 gene of type I collagen) fails to synthesize functional pro alpha 2(I) collagen chains, synthesizing only ..
  10. Aszodi A, Chan D, Hunziker E, Bateman J, Fassler R. Collagen II is essential for the removal of the notochord and the formation of intervertebral discs. J Cell Biol. 1998;143:1399-412 pubmed
  11. Brodeur A, Wirth D, Franklin C, Reneker L, Miner J, Phillips C. Type I collagen glomerulopathy: postnatal collagen deposition follows glomerular maturation. Kidney Int. 2007;71:985-93 pubmed
    ..Picosirius red staining of kidney sections demonstrates that in comparison to wild-type mice, Col1a2-deficient homozygous and heterozygous mice exhibit abnormal glomerular collagen deposition in a gene dosage-..
  12. McBride D, Choe V, Shapiro J, Brodsky B. Altered collagen structure in mouse tail tendon lacking the alpha 2(I) chain. J Mol Biol. 1997;270:275-84 pubmed
    ..The existence of a mouse model with a Cola-2 gene mutation (termed oim) that results in non-functional pro alpha 2(I) chains presents a unique opportunity to explore changes in collagen ..
  13. Han S, McBride D, Losert W, Leikin S. Segregation of type I collagen homo- and heterotrimers in fibrils. J Mol Biol. 2008;383:122-32 pubmed publisher
    ..We argue that the subfibrillar segregation may exacerbate effects of a small fraction of alpha1(I) homotrimers on formation, properties, and remodeling of collagen fibers. ..
  14. Camacho N, Landis W, Boskey A. Mineral changes in a mouse model of osteogenesis imperfecta detected by Fourier transform infrared microscopy. Connect Tissue Res. 1996;35:259-65 pubmed
    ..In the current study, the nature of the mineral in long bones of a mouse model of OI (oim/oim, a mutant which produces an alpha 1(I) collagen homotrimer) was examined by Fourier transform infrared ..
  15. Fratzl P, Paris O, Klaushofer K, Landis W. Bone mineralization in an osteogenesis imperfecta mouse model studied by small-angle x-ray scattering. J Clin Invest. 1996;97:396-402 pubmed
    We have studied the size and orientation of mineral crystals in cortical bone of oim/oim mice, which are known to produce only alpha 1(I) collagen homotrimers and which may serve as a model for human osteogenesis imperfecta...
  16. Antoniv T, Tanaka S, Sudan B, De Val S, Liu K, Wang L, et al. Identification of a repressor in the first intron of the human alpha2(I) collagen gene (COL1A2). J Biol Chem. 2005;280:35417-23 pubmed
    The human and mouse genes that code for the alpha2 chain of collagen I (COL1A2 and Col1a2, respectively) share a common chromatin structure and nearly identical proximal promoter and far upstream enhancer sequences...
  17. Duan X, Bradbury S, Olsen B, Berendsen A. VEGF stimulates intramembranous bone formation during craniofacial skeletal development. Matrix Biol. 2016;52-54:127-140 pubmed publisher
  18. Lincoln J, Alfieri C, Yutzey K. Development of heart valve leaflets and supporting apparatus in chicken and mouse embryos. Dev Dyn. 2004;230:239-50 pubmed
    ..Together, these studies provide novel insights into the origins and cell lineage diversity of mature valve structures in the developing vertebrate heart. ..
  19. Durst R, Sauls K, Peal D, deVlaming A, Toomer K, Leyne M, et al. Mutations in DCHS1 cause mitral valve prolapse. Nature. 2015;525:109-13 pubmed publisher
    ..Understanding the role of DCHS1 in mitral valve development and MVP pathogenesis holds potential for therapeutic insights for this very common disease. ..
  20. Niederreither K, D SOUZA R, Metsaranta M, Eberspaecher H, Toman P, Vuorio E, et al. Coordinate patterns of expression of type I and III collagens during mouse development. Matrix Biol. 1995;14:705-13 pubmed
  21. Galli G, Honnens de Lichtenberg K, Carrara M, Hans W, Wuelling M, Mentz B, et al. Prdm5 regulates collagen gene transcription by association with RNA polymerase II in developing bone. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002711 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, our results define a novel role for Prdm5 in sustaining the transcriptional program necessary to the proper assembly of osteoblastic extracellular matrix. ..
  22. Berman A, Wallace J, Bart Z, Allen M. Raloxifene reduces skeletal fractures in an animal model of osteogenesis imperfecta. Matrix Biol. 2016;52-54:19-28 pubmed publisher
    ..In experiment 1, tibiae from female wild type (WT) and homozygous oim mice were subjected to in vitro soaking in RAL followed by mechanical tests...
  23. Bultmann Mellin I, Dinger K, Debuschewitz C, Loewe K, Melcher Y, Plum M, et al. Role of LTBP4 in alveolarization, angiogenesis, and fibrosis in lungs. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2017;313:L687-L698 pubmed publisher
  24. Tsirka S, Turck C, Coffino P. Multiple active conformers of mouse ornithine decarboxylase. Biochem J. 1993;293 ( Pt 1):289-95 pubmed
  25. Shupp Byrne D, Church R. Assignment of the genes for mouse type I procollagen to chromosome 16 using mouse fibroblast-Chinese hamster somatic cell hybrids. Somatic Cell Genet. 1983;9:313-31 pubmed
    ..These studies, therefore, assign the structural genes for mouse type I procollagen pro alpha 1 (MCOLA1) and pro alpha 2 (MCOLA2) chains to mouse chromosome 16. ..
  26. Balk M, Bray J, Day C, Epperly M, Greenberger J, Evans C, et al. Effect of rhBMP-2 on the osteogenic potential of bone marrow stromal cells from an osteogenesis imperfecta mouse (oim). Bone. 1997;21:7-15 pubmed
    ..cells, we investigated the osteogenic potential of bone marrow stromal cells from a mouse model of human OI (oim)...
  27. González Martín M, Mallo M, Ros M. Long bone development requires a threshold of Hox function. Dev Biol. 2014;392:454-65 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results support Hox genes being required in a dose-dependent manner for long bone cartilage maturation and suggest that and excess of Gli3R mediates a significant part of the Hoxd(Del(11-13)) chondrogenic phenotype. ..
  28. Ponticos M, Partridge T, Black C, Abraham D, Bou Gharios G. Regulation of collagen type I in vascular smooth muscle cells by competition between Nkx2.5 and deltaEF1/ZEB1. Mol Cell Biol. 2004;24:6151-61 pubmed
    ..This element is important in understanding the molecular mechanisms of vessel remodeling and is a potential target for intervention in vascular diseases where there is excessive deposition of collagen in the vessel wall. ..
  29. Duselis A, Vrana P. Assessment and disease comparisons of hybrid developmental defects. Hum Mol Genet. 2007;16:808-19 pubmed
    ..We propose that such interactions and their resulting epimutations may similarly underlie the phenotypic and causal heterogeneity seen in many human diseases. ..
  30. Lu J, Lian G, Lenkinski R, De Grand A, Vaid R, Bryce T, et al. Filamin B mutations cause chondrocyte defects in skeletal development. Hum Mol Genet. 2007;16:1661-75 pubmed
    ..These data suggest that disruption of the ECM-beta1-integrin-Flnb pathway contributes to defects in vertebral and distal limb development, similar to those seen in the human autosomal recessive SCT due to Flnb mutations. ..
  31. Xu Y, Wang L, Buttice G, Sengupta P, Smith B. Major histocompatibility class II transactivator (CIITA) mediates repression of collagen (COL1A2) transcription by interferon gamma (IFN-gamma). J Biol Chem. 2004;279:41319-32 pubmed
    ..We have shown that the RFX family binds to the COL1A2 transcription start site, and the RFX5 complex represses COL1A2 gene expression during IFN-gamma response...
  32. Wiradjaja F, Cottle D, Jones L, Smyth I. Regulation of PDGFC signalling and extracellular matrix composition by FREM1 in mice. Dis Model Mech. 2013;6:1426-33 pubmed publisher
    ..We propose that loss of FREM1 function promotes epidermal blistering in Fraser syndrome as a consequence of reduced PDGFC activity, in addition to its stabilising role in the basement membrane. ..
  33. Bou Gharios G, Garrett L, Rossert J, Niederreither K, Eberspaecher H, Smith C, et al. A potent far-upstream enhancer in the mouse pro alpha 2(I) collagen gene regulates expression of reporter genes in transgenic mice. J Cell Biol. 1996;134:1333-44 pubmed
    ..Hence, our data suggest that a far-upstream enhancer element plays a role in regulating high levels of expression of the mouse pro alpha 2(I) collagen gene. ..
  34. Hatamochi A, de Crombrugghe B, Krieg T. Purification of a novel factor which binds to the mouse alpha 2 (I) collagen promoter. FEBS Lett. 1993;327:325-31 pubmed
  35. Norris R, Moreno Rodriguez R, Sugi Y, Hoffman S, Amos J, Hart M, et al. Periostin regulates atrioventricular valve maturation. Dev Biol. 2008;316:200-13 pubmed publisher
    ..g. myocytes). This is the first report of an extracellular matrix protein directly regulating post-EMT AV valve differentiation, a process foundational and indispensable for the morphogenesis of a cushion into a leaflet. ..
  36. Ylönen R, Kyrönlahti T, Sund M, Ilves M, Lehenkari P, Tuukkanen J, et al. Type XIII collagen strongly affects bone formation in transgenic mice. J Bone Miner Res. 2005;20:1381-93 pubmed
    ..The findings suggest that type XIII collagen has an important role in bone modeling, and in particular, it may have a function in coupling the regulation of bone mass to mechanical use. ..
  37. Baumann B, Hayashida T, Liang X, Schnaper H. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α promotes glomerulosclerosis and regulates COL1A2 expression through interactions with Smad3. Kidney Int. 2016;90:797-808 pubmed publisher
    ..Activation of COL1A2 transcription by HIF-1α occurred in the absence of hypoxia and is strongly enhanced by TGF-β signaling...
  38. Hung I, Yu K, Lavine K, Ornitz D. FGF9 regulates early hypertrophic chondrocyte differentiation and skeletal vascularization in the developing stylopod. Dev Biol. 2007;307:300-13 pubmed
    ..In developing stylopod elements, FGF9 promotes chondrocyte hypertrophy at early stages and regulates vascularization of the growth plate and osteogenesis at later stages of skeletal development. ..
  39. Antoniv T, De Val S, Wells D, Denton C, Rabe C, de Crombrugghe B, et al. Characterization of an evolutionarily conserved far-upstream enhancer in the human alpha 2(I) collagen (COL1A2) gene. J Biol Chem. 2001;276:21754-64 pubmed
    ..the chromatin structure around and upstream of the transcriptional start site of the human alpha2(I) collagen (COL1A2) gene...
  40. Pan T, Zhang R, Arita M, Bogdanovich S, Adams S, Gara S, et al. A mouse model for dominant collagen VI disorders: heterozygous deletion of Col6a3 Exon 16. J Biol Chem. 2014;289:10293-307 pubmed publisher
    ..The Col6a3(+/d16) mice displayed compromised muscle contractile functions and thereby provide an essential preclinical platform for developing treatment strategies for dominant collagen VI disorders...
  41. Weston A, Rosen V, Chandraratna R, Underhill T. Regulation of skeletal progenitor differentiation by the BMP and retinoid signaling pathways. J Cell Biol. 2000;148:679-90 pubmed
    ..Thus, retinoid signaling appears to play a novel and unexpected role in skeletogenesis by regulating the emergence of chondroblasts from skeletal progenitors. ..
  42. Little D, Peacock L, Mikulec K, Kneissel M, Kramer I, Cheng T, et al. Combination sclerostin antibody and zoledronic acid treatment outperforms either treatment alone in a mouse model of osteogenesis imperfecta. Bone. 2017;101:96-103 pubmed publisher
    ..Mice with the Amish OI mutation (Col1a2 G610C mice) and control wild type littermates (WT) were treated from week 5 to week 9 of life with (1) saline (..
  43. Gamer L, Cox K, Carlo J, Rosen V. Overexpression of BMP3 in the developing skeleton alters endochondral bone formation resulting in spontaneous rib fractures. Dev Dyn. 2009;238:2374-81 pubmed publisher
  44. Kinbara T, Shirasaki F, Kawara S, Inagaki Y, de Crombrugghe B, Takehara K. Transforming growth factor-beta isoforms differently stimulate proalpha2 (I) collagen gene expression during wound healing process in transgenic mice. J Cell Physiol. 2002;190:375-81 pubmed
    ..we examined the effects of various growth factors on the promoter activity of the proalpha2 (I) collagen gene (COL1A2) during the wound healing process...
  45. Liu W, Watson S, Lan Y, Keene D, Ovitt C, Liu H, et al. The atypical homeodomain transcription factor Mohawk controls tendon morphogenesis. Mol Cell Biol. 2010;30:4797-807 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition to defects in tendon collagen fibrillogenesis, Mkx(-/-) mutant mice exhibited abnormal tendon sheaths. These results identify Mkx as an important regulator of tendon development. ..
  46. Bedore J, Sha W, McCann M, Liu S, Leask A, Séguin C. Impaired intervertebral disc development and premature disc degeneration in mice with notochord-specific deletion of CCN2. Arthritis Rheum. 2013;65:2634-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The ability of CCN2 to regulate the composition of the intervertebral disc suggests that it may represent an intriguing clinical target for the treatment of disc degeneration. ..
  47. Bandyopadhyay A, Tsuji K, Cox K, Harfe B, Rosen V, Tabin C. Genetic analysis of the roles of BMP2, BMP4, and BMP7 in limb patterning and skeletogenesis. PLoS Genet. 2006;2:e216 pubmed
    ..In contrast, we find that the loss of both BMP2 and BMP4 results in a severe impairment of osteogenesis. ..
  48. Leaner V, Masemola A, Parker M. Species-specific regulation of the alpha-2(I) procollagen gene by proximal promoter elements. IUBMB Life. 2005;57:363-70 pubmed
  49. Sauls K, de Vlaming A, Harris B, Williams K, Wessels A, Levine R, et al. Developmental basis for filamin-A-associated myxomatous mitral valve disease. Cardiovasc Res. 2012;96:109-19 pubmed publisher
    ..Additionally, these data indicate that disrupting key regulatory interactions during valve development can set the stage for the generation of postnatal myxomatous valve disease. ..
  50. Shin H, Divieti P, Sims N, Kobayashi T, Miao D, Karaplis A, et al. Gp130-mediated signaling is necessary for normal osteoblastic function in vivo and in vitro. Endocrinology. 2004;145:1376-85 pubmed
    ..These studies demonstrate the importance of gp130 signaling for osteoblast function and calcium homeostasis. ..
  51. Lincoln J, Florer J, Deutsch G, Wenstrup R, Yutzey K. ColVa1 and ColXIa1 are required for myocardial morphogenesis and heart valve development. Dev Dyn. 2006;235:3295-305 pubmed
  52. Coleman R, Aguilera L, Quinones L, Lukashova L, Poirier C, Boskey A. Comparison of bone tissue properties in mouse models with collagenous and non-collagenous genetic mutations using FTIRI. Bone. 2012;51:920-8 pubmed publisher
    ..the bone structure and material properties of two mouse models of OI, the osteogenesis imperfecta mouse (oim/oim) and fragilitas ossium (fro/fro), in which bone fragility is due to a genetic defect in collagen type I and a ..
  53. Golovchenko S, Hattori T, Hartmann C, Gebhardt M, Gebhard S, Hess A, et al. Deletion of beta catenin in hypertrophic growth plate chondrocytes impairs trabecular bone formation. Bone. 2013;55:102-12 pubmed publisher
  54. Ninichuk V, Kulkarni O, Clauss S, Anders H. Tubular atrophy, interstitial fibrosis, and inflammation in type 2 diabetic db/db mice. An accelerated model of advanced diabetic nephropathy. Eur J Med Res. 2007;12:351-5 pubmed
    ..Early uninephrectomy can accelerate the development of advanced DN in db/db mice which may be instrumental in the design of interventional studies that intend to focus on the molecular pathology of the progression to late stage DN. ..
  55. Xie J, Qi S, Yuan J, Xu Y, Li T, Li H, et al. Effects of antisense oligodeoxynucleotide to type I collagen gene on hypertrophic scars in the transplanted nude mouse model. J Cutan Pathol. 2009;36:1146-50 pubmed publisher
    ..ASODN was effective in downregulating type I collagen gene expression and could prove to be useful in the treatment of scars. ..
  56. Nieto N, Cederbaum A. S-adenosylmethionine blocks collagen I production by preventing transforming growth factor-beta induction of the COL1A2 promoter. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:30963-74 pubmed
    ..S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet), transgenic mice harboring the -17 kb to +54 bp of the collagen alpha2 (I) promoter (COL1A2) cloned upstream from the beta-gal reporter gene were injected with carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) to induce fibrosis ..
  57. Trembley M, Velasquez L, de Mesy Bentley K, Small E. Myocardin-related transcription factors control the motility of epicardium-derived cells and the maturation of coronary vessels. Development. 2015;142:21-30 pubmed publisher
  58. Gacheru S, McGee C, Uriu Hare J, Kosonen T, Packman S, Tinker D, et al. Expression and accumulation of lysyl oxidase, elastin, and type I procollagen in human Menkes and mottled mouse fibroblasts. Arch Biochem Biophys. 1993;301:325-9 pubmed
    ..Based on the present studies in cell culture, the production of essential enzymes and matrix proteins, such as lysyl oxidase and elastin, appear to be altered at the level of transcription or mRNA turnover. ..
  59. Sztrolovics R, van der Rest M, Roughley P. Identification of type I collagen gene polymorphisms: tolerance of sequence variation at an alpha 2(I) helix Y position. Matrix Biol. 1994;14:9-19 pubmed
    ..The data suggest that at least some alpha 1(I) and alpha 2(I) helix Y positions may be tolerant of sequence variation, particularly if the replacing amino acid is proline, a residue involved in stabilizing the collagen triple helix. ..
  60. Zhou W, Zhu H, Zhao J, Li H, Wan Y, Cao J, et al. Misexpression of Pknox2 in mouse limb bud mesenchyme perturbs zeugopod development and deltoid crest formation. PLoS ONE. 2013;8:e64237 pubmed publisher
  61. Irving N, Hardy J, Bahary N, Friedman J, Brown S. The alpha 2 chain of type 1 collagen does not map to mouse chromosome 16 but maps close to the Met proto-oncogene on mouse chromosome 6. Cytogenet Cell Genet. 1989;50:121-2 pubmed
  62. Li P, Liang M, Zhu Y, Gong Y, Wang Y, Heng D, et al. Resveratrol inhibits collagen I synthesis by suppressing IGF-1R activation in intestinal fibroblasts. World J Gastroenterol. 2014;20:4648-61 pubmed publisher
    ..blotting and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction were used to characterize collagen?I?protein and col1a2 mRNA expression in mouse intestinal fibroblasts and CCD-(18)Co cells treated with IGF-1...
  63. Di Rocco F, Biosse Duplan M, Heuzé Y, Kaci N, Komla Ebri D, Munnich A, et al. FGFR3 mutation causes abnormal membranous ossification in achondroplasia. Hum Mol Genet. 2014;23:2914-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Demonstration of the impact of FGFR3 mutations on craniofacial development should initiate novel pharmacological and surgical therapeutic approaches. ..
  64. Saxon J, Baer D, Barton J, Hawkins T, Wu B, Trusk T, et al. BMP2 expression in the endocardial lineage is required for AV endocardial cushion maturation and remodeling. Dev Biol. 2017;430:113-128 pubmed publisher
    ..These data provide evidence that BMP2 expression in the endocardial lineage is essential for the distal outgrowth, maturation and remodeling of AV endocardial cushions into the normal membranous VS and the stratified AV valves. ..
  65. Hara M, Kobayakawa K, Ohkawa Y, Kumamaru H, Yokota K, Saito T, et al. Interaction of reactive astrocytes with type I collagen induces astrocytic scar formation through the integrin-N-cadherin pathway after spinal cord injury. Nat Med. 2017;23:818-828 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings reveal environmental cues regulating astrocytic fate decisions, thereby providing a potential therapeutic target for CNS injury. ..
  66. Andrikopoulos K, Suzuki H, Solursh M, Ramirez F. Localization of pro-alpha 2(V) collagen transcripts in the tissues of the developing mouse embryo. Dev Dyn. 1992;195:113-20 pubmed
  67. Dong X, Zoghi M, Ran Q, Wang X. Collagen mutation causes changes of the microdamage morphology in bone of an OI mouse model. Bone. 2010;47:1071-5 pubmed publisher
  68. Liau G, Yamada Y, de Crombrugghe B. Coordinate regulation of the levels of type III and type I collagen mRNA in most but not all mouse fibroblasts. J Biol Chem. 1985;260:531-6 pubmed
    ..We conclude that the levels of alpha1(III) and alpha2(I) collagen mRNA are often but not necessarily coordinately regulated by transformation in mouse cells. ..
  69. Rodero M, Legrand J, Bou Gharios G, Khosrotehrani K. Wound-associated macrophages control collagen 1?2 transcription during the early stages of skin wound healing. Exp Dermatol. 2013;22:143-5 pubmed publisher
    ..In conclusion, our results demonstrate an important role of wound macrophages in the control of collagen production during wound healing. ..
  70. Phillips C, Lever L, Pinnell S, Quarles L, Wenstrup R. Construction of a full-length murine pro alpha 2(I) collagen cDNA by the polymerase chain reaction. J Invest Dermatol. 1991;97:980-4 pubmed
    ..20mer; corresponding to nucleotide positions 42-61 in the first exon of the murine pro alpha 2(I) collagen gene, COL1A2), and with the adapter sequence 5' to the dT17 as the 3' primer...
  71. Hultström M, Leh S, Paliege A, Bachmann S, Skogstrand T, Iversen B. Collagen-binding proteins in age-dependent changes in renal collagen turnover: microarray analysis of mRNA expression. Physiol Genomics. 2012;44:576-86 pubmed publisher
    ..Collagen stabilizing proteins may be essential for the control of renal ECM turnover and the pathogenesis of kidney fibrosis. ..
  72. Parsons C, Stefanovic B, Seki E, Aoyama T, Latour A, Marzluff W, et al. Mutation of the 5'-untranslated region stem-loop structure inhibits ?1(I) collagen expression in vivo. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:8609-19 pubmed publisher
    ..These results confirm an important role of the 5' stem-loop in regulating type I collagen mRNA and protein expression and provide a mouse model for further study of collagen-associated diseases. ..
  73. Inagaki Y, Higashi K, Kushida M, Hong Y, Nakao S, Higashiyama R, et al. Hepatocyte growth factor suppresses profibrogenic signal transduction via nuclear export of Smad3 with galectin-7. Gastroenterology. 2008;134:1180-90 pubmed publisher
    ..examined by using cultured hepatic stellate cells (HSC) and transgenic mice harboring alpha2(I) collagen gene (COL1A2) promoter...
  74. Buck M, Houglum K, Chojkier M. Tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibits collagen alpha1(I) gene expression and wound healing in a murine model of cachexia. Am J Pathol. 1996;149:195-204 pubmed
  75. Beckers J, Herrmann F, Rieger S, Drobyshev A, Horsch M, Hrabe de Angelis M, et al. Identification and validation of novel ERBB2 (HER2, NEU) targets including genes involved in angiogenesis. Int J Cancer. 2005;114:590-7 pubmed
    ..Supplementary material for this article can be found on the International Journal of Cancer website at ..
  76. Saika S, Liu C, Azhar M, Sanford L, Doetschman T, Gendron R, et al. TGFbeta2 in corneal morphogenesis during mouse embryonic development. Dev Biol. 2001;240:419-32 pubmed
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