Gene Symbol: Bax
Description: BCL2-associated X protein
Alias: apoptosis regulator BAX
Species: mouse
Products:     Bax

Top Publications

  1. Li Y, Semaan S, Schlamp C, Nickells R. Dominant inheritance of retinal ganglion cell resistance to optic nerve crush in mice. BMC Neurosci. 2007;8:19 pubmed
    ..Because earlier studies had implicated Bax as a susceptibility allele for ganglion cell death in the chronic neurodegenerative disease glaucoma, we conducted ..
  2. Warr M, Binnewies M, Flach J, Reynaud D, Garg T, Malhotra R, et al. FOXO3A directs a protective autophagy program in haematopoietic stem cells. Nature. 2013;494:323-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results demonstrate that autophagy is essential for the life-long maintenance of the HSC compartment and for supporting an old, failing blood system. ..
  3. Karbowski M, Norris K, Cleland M, Jeong S, Youle R. Role of Bax and Bak in mitochondrial morphogenesis. Nature. 2006;443:658-62 pubmed
    ..Two members of the Bcl-2 family, Bax and Bak, change intracellular location early in the promotion of apoptosis to concentrate in focal clusters at ..
  4. Runyan C, Schaible K, Molyneaux K, Wang Z, Levin L, Wylie C. Steel factor controls midline cell death of primordial germ cells and is essential for their normal proliferation and migration. Development. 2006;133:4861-9 pubmed
    ..5 and E10.5. This is confirmed by the fact that removal of the intrinsic pro-apoptotic protein Bax rescues the germ-cell apoptosis seen in Steel null embryos...
  5. Dunkle A, Dzhagalov I, He Y. Mcl-1 promotes survival of thymocytes by inhibition of Bak in a pathway separate from Bcl-2. Cell Death Differ. 2010;17:994-1002 pubmed publisher
    ..Transgenic overexpression of Bcl-2 and in vivo deletion of Bax or Bim were unable to rescue Mcl-1-deficient thymocytes...
  6. Fuerst P, Bruce F, Tian M, Wei W, Elstrott J, Feller M, et al. DSCAM and DSCAML1 function in self-avoidance in multiple cell types in the developing mouse retina. Neuron. 2009;64:484-97 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, DSCAM and DSCAML1 function similarly in self-avoidance, and are not essential for synaptic specificity in the mouse retina. ..
  7. Mandai K, Guo T, St Hillaire C, Meabon J, Kanning K, Bothwell M, et al. LIG family receptor tyrosine kinase-associated proteins modulate growth factor signals during neural development. Neuron. 2009;63:614-27 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings show that LIGs physically interact with RTKs and modulate their activities to control axonal extension, guidance and branching. ..
  8. Sahay A, Scobie K, Hill A, O Carroll C, Kheirbek M, Burghardt N, et al. Increasing adult hippocampal neurogenesis is sufficient to improve pattern separation. Nature. 2011;472:466-70 pubmed publisher
  9. Moubarak R, Yuste V, Artus C, Bouharrour A, Greer P, Menissier de Murcia J, et al. Sequential activation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1, calpains, and Bax is essential in apoptosis-inducing factor-mediated programmed necrosis. Mol Cell Biol. 2007;27:4844-62 pubmed
    ..knockout cells, we identified and describe here two essential molecular links between PARP and AIF: calpains and Bax. Alkylating DNA damage initiated a p53-independent form of death involving PARP-1 but not PARP-2...

More Information


  1. Jurak I, Schumacher U, Simic H, Voigt S, Brune W. Murine cytomegalovirus m38.5 protein inhibits Bax-mediated cell death. J Virol. 2008;82:4812-22 pubmed publisher
    ..Using fibroblasts deficient in the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins Bak and/or Bax, we further demonstrated that m38...
  2. Whitney I, Raven M, Ciobanu D, Williams R, Reese B. Multiple genes on chromosome 7 regulate dopaminergic amacrine cell number in the mouse retina. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009;50:1996-2003 pubmed publisher
    ..The size of the dopaminergic amacrine (DA) cell population is a highly heritable trait exhibiting sixfold variation among inbred strains of mice and is used here to identify genes that modulate the number of DA cells...
  3. Llambi F, Moldoveanu T, Tait S, Bouchier Hayes L, Temirov J, McCormick L, et al. A unified model of mammalian BCL-2 protein family interactions at the mitochondria. Mol Cell. 2011;44:517-31 pubmed publisher
    ..composed of exogenous BH3 domains inserted into a tBID backbone that can activate the proapoptotic effectors BAX and BAK to permeabilize membranes without being universally sequestered by all antiapoptotic BCL-2 proteins...
  4. Kodama T, Takehara T, Hikita H, Shimizu S, Shigekawa M, Li W, et al. BH3-only activator proteins Bid and Bim are dispensable for Bak/Bax-dependent thrombocyte apoptosis induced by Bcl-xL deficiency: molecular requisites for the mitochondrial pathway to apoptosis in platelets. J Biol Chem. 2011;286:13905-13 pubmed publisher
    A pivotal step in the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis is activation of Bak and Bax, although the molecular mechanism remains controversial...
  5. Park O, Lee K, Rhyu I, Geum D, Kim H, Buss R, et al. Bax-dependent and -independent death of motoneurons after facial nerve injury in adult mice. Eur J Neurosci. 2007;26:1421-32 pubmed
    ..To evaluate the contribution of apoptotic death, we evaluated MN responses in Bax-knockout (KO) mice in which neurons are rescued from apoptotic death...
  6. Czabotar P, Westphal D, Dewson G, Ma S, Hockings C, Fairlie W, et al. Bax crystal structures reveal how BH3 domains activate Bax and nucleate its oligomerization to induce apoptosis. Cell. 2013;152:519-31 pubmed publisher
    In stressed cells, apoptosis ensues when Bcl-2 family members Bax or Bak oligomerize and permeabilize the mitochondrial outer membrane. Certain BH3-only relatives can directly activate them to mediate this pivotal, poorly understood step...
  7. Upton J, Austgen K, Nishino M, Coakley K, Hagen A, Han D, et al. Caspase-2 cleavage of BID is a critical apoptotic signal downstream of endoplasmic reticulum stress. Mol Cell Biol. 2008;28:3943-51 pubmed publisher
    ..reticulum (ER) and triggers cell death through activation of the multidomain proapoptotic BCL-2 proteins BAX and BAK at the outer mitochondrial membrane...
  8. Schellenberg B, Wang P, Keeble J, Rodriguez Enriquez R, Walker S, Owens T, et al. Bax exists in a dynamic equilibrium between the cytosol and mitochondria to control apoptotic priming. Mol Cell. 2013;49:959-71 pubmed publisher
    The proapoptotic Bcl-2 protein Bax is predominantly found in the cytosol of nonapoptotic cells and is commonly thought to translocate to mitochondria following an apoptotic stimulus...
  9. Josefsson E, James C, Henley K, Debrincat M, Rogers K, Dowling M, et al. Megakaryocytes possess a functional intrinsic apoptosis pathway that must be restrained to survive and produce platelets. J Exp Med. 2011;208:2017-31 pubmed publisher
    ..mice with hematopoietic- or megakaryocyte-specific deletions of the essential mediators of apoptosis, Bak and Bax. We found that platelet production was unperturbed...
  10. Kim W, Park O, Choi S, Choi S, Park S, Lee K, et al. The maintenance of specific aspects of neuronal function and behavior is dependent on programmed cell death of adult-generated neurons in the dentate gyrus. Eur J Neurosci. 2009;29:1408-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we examined the electrophysiological and behavioral characteristics of Bax-knockout (Bax-KO) mice in which PCD of post-mitotic neurons is prevented...
  11. Whelan R, Konstantinidis K, Wei A, Chen Y, Reyna D, Jha S, et al. Bax regulates primary necrosis through mitochondrial dynamics. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:6566-71 pubmed publisher
    ..Bcl-2 proteins Bax and Bak are the principal activators of MOMP and apoptosis...
  12. Dewson G, Ma S, Frederick P, Hockings C, Tan I, Kratina T, et al. Bax dimerizes via a symmetric BH3:groove interface during apoptosis. Cell Death Differ. 2012;19:661-70 pubmed publisher
    During apoptotic cell death, Bax and Bak change conformation and homo-oligomerize to permeabilize mitochondria...
  13. Schoenwaelder S, Yuan Y, Josefsson E, White M, Yao Y, Mason K, et al. Two distinct pathways regulate platelet phosphatidylserine exposure and procoagulant function. Blood. 2009;114:663-6 pubmed publisher
    ..To clarify this, we investigated the consequence of removing the essential mediators of apoptosis, Bak and Bax, or directly inducing apoptosis with the BH3 mimetic compound ABT-737...
  14. Hoppins S, Edlich F, Cleland M, Banerjee S, McCaffery J, Youle R, et al. The soluble form of Bax regulates mitochondrial fusion via MFN2 homotypic complexes. Mol Cell. 2011;41:150-60 pubmed publisher
    ..In addition, we show that the soluble form of the proapoptotic Bcl2 protein, Bax, positively regulates mitochondrial fusion exclusively through homotypic MFN2 trans complexes...
  15. Luo W, Wickramasinghe S, Savitt J, Griffin J, Dawson T, Ginty D. A hierarchical NGF signaling cascade controls Ret-dependent and Ret-independent events during development of nonpeptidergic DRG neurons. Neuron. 2007;54:739-54 pubmed
    ..These findings support a model in which NGF controls maturation of nonpeptidergic DRG neurons through a combination of GFR/Ret-dependent and -independent signaling pathways. ..
  16. Lefebvre J, Zhang Y, Meister M, Wang X, Sanes J. gamma-Protocadherins regulate neuronal survival but are dispensable for circuit formation in retina. Development. 2008;135:4141-51 pubmed publisher
    ..Blocking apoptosis by deletion of the pro-apoptotic gene Bax showed that even neurons destined to die formed qualitatively and quantitatively appropriate connections...
  17. Armstrong A, Ryu Y, Chieco D, Kuruvilla R. Frizzled3 is required for neurogenesis and target innervation during sympathetic nervous system development. J Neurosci. 2011;31:2371-81 pubmed publisher
    ..neuroblasts also undergo enhanced apoptosis, which could not be rescued by eliminating the proapoptotic factor, Bax. These deficits result in reduced generation of sympathetic neurons and pronounced decreases in the size of ..
  18. Li A, Barmada S, Roth K, Harris D. N-terminally deleted forms of the prion protein activate both Bax-dependent and Bax-independent neurotoxic pathways. J Neurosci. 2007;27:852-9 pubmed
    ..of PrPdelta32-134 and PrPdelta105-125, we analyzed the effect of genetically deleting the proapoptotic protein Bax in mice expressing these neurotoxic forms of PrP...
  19. Vishnudas V, Miller J. Ku70 regulates Bax-mediated pathogenesis in laminin-alpha2-deficient human muscle cells and mouse models of congenital muscular dystrophy. Hum Mol Genet. 2009;18:4467-77 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Bax-mediated muscle cell death is a significant contributor to the severe neuromuscular pathology seen in the Lama2-..
  20. Valentijn A, Upton J, Gilmore A. Analysis of endogenous Bax complexes during apoptosis using blue native PAGE: implications for Bax activation and oligomerization. Biochem J. 2008;412:347-57 pubmed publisher
    b>Bax, a pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein, translocates to mitochondria during apoptosis, where it causes MOMP (mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization)...
  21. Ren D, Tu H, Kim H, Wang G, Bean G, Takeuchi O, et al. BID, BIM, and PUMA are essential for activation of the BAX- and BAK-dependent cell death program. Science. 2010;330:1390-3 pubmed publisher
    Although the proteins BAX and BAK are required for initiation of apoptosis at the mitochondria, how BAX and BAK are activated remains unsettled...
  22. Liang M, Russell G, Hulley P. Bim, Bak, and Bax regulate osteoblast survival. J Bone Miner Res. 2008;23:610-20 pubmed publisher
    ..This study establishes the regulation and function of Bim, Bak, and Bax in this response. MBA-15...
  23. Kirsch D, Santiago P, di Tomaso E, Sullivan J, Hou W, Dayton T, et al. p53 controls radiation-induced gastrointestinal syndrome in mice independent of apoptosis. Science. 2010;327:593-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Studying mouse models, we found that selective deletion of the proapoptotic genes Bak1 and Bax from the GI epithelium or from endothelial cells did not protect mice from developing the GI syndrome after sub-..
  24. Cottet S, Schorderet D. Triggering of Bcl-2-related pathway is associated with apoptosis of photoreceptors in Rpe65-/- mouse model of Leber's congenital amaurosis. Apoptosis. 2008;13:329-42 pubmed publisher
    ..In particular, Bax has been suggested to play a crucial role in apoptotic pathways in murine glaucoma model as well as in retinal ..
  25. Cam M, Handke W, Picard Maureau M, Brune W. Cytomegaloviruses inhibit Bak- and Bax-mediated apoptosis with two separate viral proteins. Cell Death Differ. 2010;17:655-65 pubmed publisher
    ..inhibit apoptosis by preventing activation and/or oligomerization of the proapoptotic mitochondrial proteins Bax and Bak. Here we show that cytomegaloviruses (CMVs) have adopted a different strategy...
  26. Steimer D, Boyd K, Takeuchi O, Fisher J, Zambetti G, Opferman J. Selective roles for antiapoptotic MCL-1 during granulocyte development and macrophage effector function. Blood. 2009;113:2805-15 pubmed publisher
    ..However, blockade of intrinsic apoptosis by lineage-specific deletion of both multidomain proapoptotics Bax and Bak was capable of rescuing the neutropenia associated with Mcl-1 deletion...
  27. Beltran E, Fresquet V, Martinez Useros J, Richter Larrea J, Sagardoy A, Sesma I, et al. A cyclin-D1 interaction with BAX underlies its oncogenic role and potential as a therapeutic target in mantle cell lymphoma. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011;108:12461-6 pubmed publisher
    ..through deregulation of the cell cycle at the G(1)-S transition, sequestrates the proapoptotic protein BAX in the cytoplasm, thereby favoring BCL2's antiapoptotic function...
  28. Cleland M, Norris K, Karbowski M, Wang C, Suen D, Jiao S, et al. Bcl-2 family interaction with the mitochondrial morphogenesis machinery. Cell Death Differ. 2011;18:235-47 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we report that Bax and Bak participate in the regulation of mitochondrial fusion in mouse embryonic fibroblasts, primary mouse neurons ..
  29. Perez G, Jurisicova A, Wise L, Lipina T, Kanisek M, Bechard A, et al. Absence of the proapoptotic Bax protein extends fertility and alleviates age-related health complications in female mice. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:5229-34 pubmed
    ..Here we show in mice that inactivation of the proapoptotic Bax gene, which sustains ovarian lifespan into advanced age, extends fertile potential and minimizes many age-related ..
  30. Madesh M, Zong W, Hawkins B, Ramasamy S, Venkatachalam T, Mukhopadhyay P, et al. Execution of superoxide-induced cell death by the proapoptotic Bcl-2-related proteins Bid and Bak. Mol Cell Biol. 2009;29:3099-112 pubmed publisher
    ..membrane potential loss that is not dependent upon H(2)O(2) and divalent cations and requires Bak in a Bax-independent fashion...
  31. Arnoult D, Skaletskaya A, Estaquier J, Dufour C, Goldmacher V. The murine cytomegalovirus cell death suppressor m38.5 binds Bax and blocks Bax-mediated mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization. Apoptosis. 2008;13:1100-10 pubmed publisher
    ..5 associates with Bax, recruits it to mitochondria, and blocks Bax-mediated but not Bak-mediated mitochondrial outer membrane ..
  32. Gray D, Kupresanin F, Berzins S, Herold M, O Reilly L, Bouillet P, et al. The BH3-only proteins Bim and Puma cooperate to impose deletional tolerance of organ-specific antigens. Immunity. 2012;37:451-62 pubmed publisher
    ..Our data show that Puma cooperates with Bim to impose a thymic-deletion checkpoint to peripheral self-antigens and cement the notion that defects in apoptosis alone are sufficient to cause autoimmune disease. ..
  33. Dai H, Smith A, Meng X, Schneider P, Pang Y, Kaufmann S. Transient binding of an activator BH3 domain to the Bak BH3-binding groove initiates Bak oligomerization. J Cell Biol. 2011;194:39-48 pubmed publisher
    The mechanism by which the proapoptotic Bcl-2 family members Bax and Bak release cytochrome c from mitochondria is incompletely understood...
  34. Steckley D, Karajgikar M, Dale L, Fuerth B, Swan P, Drummond Main C, et al. Puma is a dominant regulator of oxidative stress induced Bax activation and neuronal apoptosis. J Neurosci. 2007;27:12989-99 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, we have determined that Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) is also required for oxidative stress induced cell death and that Puma plays a dominant role in regulating Bax ..
  35. Chipuk J, McStay G, Bharti A, Kuwana T, Clarke C, Siskind L, et al. Sphingolipid metabolism cooperates with BAK and BAX to promote the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. Cell. 2012;148:988-1000 pubmed publisher
    ..We observed that dissociation of heterotypic membranes from mitochondria inhibited BAK/BAX-dependent cytochrome c (cyto c) release...
  36. Dowling M, Josefsson E, Henley K, Hodgkin P, Kile B. Platelet senescence is regulated by an internal timer, not damage inflicted by hits. Blood. 2010;116:1776-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, at steady state, platelet senescence is probably the product of internal processes rather than external hits. ..
  37. Baines C, Kaiser R, Sheiko T, Craigen W, Molkentin J. Voltage-dependent anion channels are dispensable for mitochondrial-dependent cell death. Nat Cell Biol. 2007;9:550-5 pubmed
    ..equivalent cytochrome c release, caspase cleavage and cell death in response to the pro-death Bcl-2 family members Bax and Bid. These results indicate that Vdacs are dispensable for both MPT and Bcl-2 family member-driven cell death.
  38. Mizuta T, Shimizu S, Matsuoka Y, Nakagawa T, Tsujimoto Y. A Bax/Bak-independent mechanism of cytochrome c release. J Biol Chem. 2007;282:16623-30 pubmed
    b>Bax and Bak are multidomain pro-apoptotic members of the Bcl-2 family of proteins that regulate mitochondria-mediated apoptosis by direct modulation of mitochondrial membrane permeability...
  39. Nikolaev A, McLaughlin T, O Leary D, Tessier Lavigne M. APP binds DR6 to trigger axon pruning and neuron death via distinct caspases. Nature. 2009;457:981-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results indicate that APP and DR6 are components of a neuronal self-destruction pathway, and suggest that an extracellular fragment of APP, acting via DR6 and caspase 6, contributes to Alzheimer's disease. ..
  40. Heitz S, Lutz Y, Rodeau J, Zanjani H, Gautheron V, Bombarde G, et al. BAX contributes to Doppel-induced apoptosis of prion-protein-deficient Purkinje cells. Dev Neurobiol. 2007;67:670-86 pubmed
    ..To investigate the involvement of the mitochondrial proapoptotic factor BAX in the Dpl-induced apoptosis of PCs, we have analyzed the progression of PC death in aging NP0/0:Bax-/- double ..
  41. Kodama T, Hikita H, Kawaguchi T, Shigekawa M, Shimizu S, Hayashi Y, et al. Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL regulate Bak/Bax-dependent apoptosis of the megakaryocytic lineage at multistages. Cell Death Differ. 2012;19:1856-69 pubmed publisher
    ..All these phenotypes were fully restored if Bak and Bax, downstream apoptosis executioners, were also deficient...
  42. Merino D, Khaw S, Glaser S, Anderson D, Belmont L, Wong C, et al. Bcl-2, Bcl-x(L), and Bcl-w are not equivalent targets of ABT-737 and navitoclax (ABT-263) in lymphoid and leukemic cells. Blood. 2012;119:5807-16 pubmed publisher
    ..These results have profound implications for how BH3-mimetics induce apoptosis and how the use of these compounds can be optimized for treating lymphoid malignancies...
  43. Duckworth C, Pritchard D. Suppression of apoptosis, crypt hyperplasia, and altered differentiation in the colonic epithelia of bak-null mice. Gastroenterology. 2009;136:943-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Deletion of bak in vivo results in altered colonic proliferation and differentiation, and causes increased susceptibility to colonic carcinogenesis. ..
  44. McKenzie M, Carrington E, Kaufmann T, Strasser A, Huang D, Kay T, et al. Proapoptotic BH3-only protein Bid is essential for death receptor-induced apoptosis of pancreatic beta-cells. Diabetes. 2008;57:1284-92 pubmed publisher
    ..We investigated the role of the BH3-only protein Bid and the multi-BH domain proapoptotic Bax and Bak, as well as prosurvival Bcl-2, in beta-cell apoptosis...
  45. Rundle C, Wang X, Sheng M, Wergedal J, Lau K, Mohan S. Bax deficiency in mice increases cartilage production during fracture repair through a mechanism involving increased chondrocyte proliferation without changes in apoptosis. Bone. 2008;43:880-8 pubmed publisher
    This study sought to determine the role of the pro-apoptotic gene, Bax, in fracture healing by comparing femoral fracture healing in Bax knockout (KO) and wild-type C57BL/6J (background strain) mice...
  46. Suzuki A, Saga Y. Nanos2 suppresses meiosis and promotes male germ cell differentiation. Genes Dev. 2008;22:430-5 pubmed publisher
    ..We also demonstrate that Nanos2 activates a male-specific genetic program, which is supported by the inhibition of meiosis and the induction of male-type differentiation in female germ cells following the forced expression of Nanos2. ..
  47. Gould T, Buss R, Vinsant S, Prevette D, Sun W, Knudson C, et al. Complete dissociation of motor neuron death from motor dysfunction by Bax deletion in a mouse model of ALS. J Neurosci. 2006;26:8774-86 pubmed
    ..We tested this hypothesis by crossing Bax-deficient mice with mice expressing mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1), a transgenic model of familial ALS...
  48. George N, Evans J, Luo X. A three-helix homo-oligomerization domain containing BH3 and BH1 is responsible for the apoptotic activity of Bax. Genes Dev. 2007;21:1937-48 pubmed
    Homo-oligomerization of Bax (or Bak) has been hypothesized to be responsible for cell death through the mitochondria-dependent apoptosis pathway...
  49. Buss R, Gould T, Ma J, Vinsant S, Prevette D, Winseck A, et al. Neuromuscular development in the absence of programmed cell death: phenotypic alteration of motoneurons and muscle. J Neurosci. 2006;26:13413-27 pubmed
    ..tests) motor behaviors were all normal after the rescue of MNs by genetic deletion of the proapoptotic gene Bax. However, there was an increase in intrafusal muscle fibers (spindles) in Bax knock-out versus both wild-type and ..
  50. Alavian K, Li H, Collis L, Bonanni L, Zeng L, Sacchetti S, et al. Bcl-xL regulates metabolic efficiency of neurons through interaction with the mitochondrial F1FO ATP synthase. Nat Cell Biol. 2011;13:1224-33 pubmed publisher
    ..Our findings indicate that increased mitochondrial efficiency contributes to the enhanced synaptic efficacy found in Bcl-x(L)-expressing neurons. ..
  51. Brooks C, Cho S, Wang C, Yang T, Dong Z. Fragmented mitochondria are sensitized to Bax insertion and activation during apoptosis. Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2011;300:C447-55 pubmed publisher
    ..Here we demonstrate that mitochondrial fragmentation facilitates Bax insertion and activation in mitochondria, resulting in the release of apoptogenic factors...
  52. Mason K, Lin A, Robb L, Josefsson E, Henley K, Gray D, et al. Proapoptotic Bak and Bax guard against fatal systemic and organ-specific autoimmune disease. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110:2599-604 pubmed publisher
    ..Bak and Bax are two proapoptotic members of the Bcl-2 protein family with overlapping, essential roles in the intrinsic ..
  53. Irrinki K, Mallilankaraman K, Thapa R, Chandramoorthy H, Smith F, Jog N, et al. Requirement of FADD, NEMO, and BAX/BAK for aberrant mitochondrial function in tumor necrosis factor alpha-induced necrosis. Mol Cell Biol. 2011;31:3745-58 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, elimination of BAX and BAK or overexpression of Bcl-x(L) protects cells from necroptosis at a later step...
  54. Martinez Caballero S, Dejean L, Kinnally M, Oh K, Mannella C, Kinnally K. Assembly of the mitochondrial apoptosis-induced channel, MAC. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:12235-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Patch clamp studies of mitochondria isolated from cells deficient in one or both of the pro-apoptotic proteins Bax and Bak show that at least one of the proteins must be present for formation of the cytochrome c-translocating ..
  55. Valentijn A, Upton J, Bates N, Gilmore A. Bax targeting to mitochondria occurs via both tail anchor-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Cell Death Differ. 2008;15:1243-54 pubmed publisher
    b>Bax is a member of the Bcl-2 family that, together with Bak, is required for permeabilisation of the outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM)...
  56. Johnson B, Berger A, Cortese G, LaVoie M. The ubiquitin E3 ligase parkin regulates the proapoptotic function of Bax. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:6283-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we demonstrate the parkin-dependent ubiquitination of endogenous Bax comparing primary cultured neurons from WT and parkin KO mice and using multiple parkin-overexpressing cell culture ..
  57. Mason K, Carpinelli M, Fletcher J, Collinge J, Hilton A, Ellis S, et al. Programmed anuclear cell death delimits platelet life span. Cell. 2007;128:1173-86 pubmed
  58. Kim H, Tu H, Ren D, Takeuchi O, Jeffers J, Zambetti G, et al. Stepwise activation of BAX and BAK by tBID, BIM, and PUMA initiates mitochondrial apoptosis. Mol Cell. 2009;36:487-99 pubmed publisher
    While activation of BAX/BAK by BH3-only molecules (BH3s) is essential for mitochondrial apoptosis, the underlying mechanisms remain unsettled...
  59. Xiang J, Rir Sim Ah J, Tesfaigzi Y. IL-9 and IL-13 induce mucous cell metaplasia that is reduced by IFN-gamma in a Bax-mediated pathway. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 2008;38:310-7 pubmed
    ..We established an organ culture system that replicates the allergen-induced MCM in mice and analyzed the role of Bax in the IFN-gamma-induced resolution of MCM...
  60. Deppmann C, Mihalas S, Sharma N, Lonze B, Niebur E, Ginty D. A model for neuronal competition during development. Science. 2008;320:369-73 pubmed publisher
    ..We suggest that three target-initiated events are essential for rapid and robust competition between neurons: sensitization, paracrine apoptotic signaling, and protection from such effects. ..
  61. Kim W, Kim Y, Eun B, Park O, Kim H, Kim K, et al. Impaired migration in the rostral migratory stream but spared olfactory function after the elimination of programmed cell death in Bax knock-out mice. J Neurosci. 2007;27:14392-403 pubmed
    ..Here we demonstrate that Bax is critical for the elimination of OB neurons by showing that Bax-KO mice exhibit greatly reduced PCD in the OB...
  62. Kurtulus S, Tripathi P, Moreno Fernandez M, Sholl A, Katz J, Grimes H, et al. Bcl-2 allows effector and memory CD8+ T cells to tolerate higher expression of Bim. J Immunol. 2011;186:5729-37 pubmed publisher
    ..Finally, we found that Bim levels were significantly increased in effector CD8(+) T cells lacking Bax and Bak...
  63. Walensky L, Pitter K, Morash J, Oh K, Barbuto S, Fisher J, et al. A stapled BID BH3 helix directly binds and activates BAX. Mol Cell. 2006;24:199-210 pubmed
    b>BAX is a multidomain proapoptotic BCL-2 family protein that resides in the cytosol until activated by an incompletely understood trigger mechanism, which facilitates BAX translocation to mitochondria and downstream death events...
  64. Reyes N, Fisher J, Austgen K, Vandenberg S, Huang E, Oakes S. Blocking the mitochondrial apoptotic pathway preserves motor neuron viability and function in a mouse model of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. J Clin Invest. 2010;120:3673-9 pubmed publisher
    ..investigate this idea, we tested whether tissue-specific deletion in the mouse CNS of BCL2-associated X protein (BAX) and BCL2-homologous antagonist/killer (BAK), 2 proapoptotic BCL-2 family proteins that together represent an ..
  65. Howell G, Libby R, Jakobs T, Smith R, Phalan F, Barter J, et al. Axons of retinal ganglion cells are insulted in the optic nerve early in DBA/2J glaucoma. J Cell Biol. 2007;179:1523-37 pubmed
    ..In this region, a network of astrocytes associates intimately with RGC axons. Using BAX-deficient DBA/2J mice, which retain all of their RGCs, we provide experimental evidence for an insult within or ..
  66. Jung A, Kim T, Rhyu I, Kim H, Lee Y, Vinsant S, et al. Misplacement of Purkinje cells during postnatal development in Bax knock-out mice: a novel role for programmed cell death in the nervous system?. J Neurosci. 2008;28:2941-8 pubmed publisher
    ..To address this question, we examined postnatal development of the cerebellum in Bax-knock-out (KO) mice in which the PCD of PC has been reported to be selectively reduced or eliminated, whereas EGCs ..
  67. Runyan C, Gu Y, Shoemaker A, Looijenga L, Wylie C. The distribution and behavior of extragonadal primordial germ cells in Bax mutant mice suggest a novel origin for sacrococcygeal germ cell tumors. Int J Dev Biol. 2008;52:333-44 pubmed publisher
    ..that do not reach the genital ridges rapidly die by a wave of apoptosis that requires the pro-apoptotic protein Bax. In Bax-null embryos, large numbers of ectopic (extragonadal) germ cells fail to die...
  68. Przemeck S, Duckworth C, Pritchard D. Radiation-induced gastric epithelial apoptosis occurs in the proliferative zone and is regulated by p53, bak, bax, and bcl-2. Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol. 2007;292:G620-7 pubmed
    ..Decreased numbers of apoptotic gastric epithelial cells were observed in p53-null, bak-null, and bax-null mice compared with wild-type counterparts 6 and 48 h after 12 Gy gamma-radiation...