Gene Symbol: B220
Description: protein tyrosine phosphatase, receptor type, C
Alias: B220, CD45R, Cd45, L-CA, Ly-5, Lyt-4, T200, loc, receptor-type tyrosine-protein phosphatase C, leukocyte common antigen, lymphocyte antigen 5, lymphocyte common antigen
Species: mouse
Products:     B220

Top Publications

  1. Coppola V, Barrick C, Southon E, Celeste A, Wang K, Chen B, et al. Ablation of TrkA function in the immune system causes B cell abnormalities. Development. 2004;131:5185-95 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, they demonstrate that many of the dramatic effects previously reported by pharmacological or immuno-depletion approaches do not reflect physiological developmental roles of TrkA in the immune system. ..
  2. Yokomizo T, Dzierzak E. Three-dimensional cartography of hematopoietic clusters in the vasculature of whole mouse embryos. Development. 2010;137:3651-61 pubmed publisher
  3. Seddiki N, Santner Nanan B, Tangye S, Alexander S, Solomon M, Lee S, et al. Persistence of naive CD45RA+ regulatory T cells in adult life. Blood. 2006;107:2830-8 pubmed
    ..In addition to the CD4+CD25bright T cells, subfractionation on the basis of CD45 splice variants indicated that all samples contained a second distinct population of cells expressing a slightly ..
  4. Hesslein D, Takaki R, Hermiston M, Weiss A, Lanier L. Dysregulation of signaling pathways in CD45-deficient NK cells leads to differentially regulated cytotoxicity and cytokine production. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2006;103:7012-7 pubmed
    b>CD45, a protein tyrosine phosphatase that regulates Src family kinases, is important for regulating T cell and B cell receptor signaling; however, little is known about how CD45 regulates immunoreceptor tyrosine-based activation motif (..
  5. Taoudi S, Medvinsky A. Functional identification of the hematopoietic stem cell niche in the ventral domain of the embryonic dorsal aorta. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007;104:9399-403 pubmed
    ..We show that a rare population of PECAM1(high)CD45(+) cells, within which definitive HSCs reside, is predominantly localized to intraaortic clusters...
  6. Byth K, Conroy L, Howlett S, Smith A, May J, Alexander D, et al. CD45-null transgenic mice reveal a positive regulatory role for CD45 in early thymocyte development, in the selection of CD4+CD8+ thymocytes, and B cell maturation. J Exp Med. 1996;183:1707-18 pubmed
    The CD45 transmembrane glycoprotein has been shown to be a protein phosphotyrosine phosphatase and to be important in signal transduction in T and B lymphocytes...
  7. Fortin M, Steff A, Felberg J, Ding I, Schraven B, Johnson P, et al. Apoptosis mediated through CD45 is independent of its phosphatase activity and association with leukocyte phosphatase-associated phosphoprotein. J Immunol. 2002;168:6084-9 pubmed
    Besides the well-recognized role of CD45 as a major player in TCR signaling, we and others have demonstrated that cross-linking of CD45 with mAbs can induce cell death in T lymphocytes...
  8. Poulin L, Henri S, de Bovis B, Devilard E, Kissenpfennig A, Malissen B. The dermis contains langerin+ dendritic cells that develop and function independently of epidermal Langerhans cells. J Exp Med. 2007;204:3119-31 pubmed
    ..Using CD45 expression and BrdU-labeling kinetics, both LCs and langerin(+) DDCs were found to coexist in wild-type mice...
  9. Egawa G, Osawa M, Uemura A, Miyachi Y, Nishikawa S. Transient expression of ephrin b2 in perinatal skin is required for maintenance of keratinocyte homeostasis. J Invest Dermatol. 2009;129:2386-95 pubmed publisher

More Information


  1. Irie Sasaki J, Sasaki T, Matsumoto W, Opavsky A, Cheng M, Welstead G, et al. CD45 is a JAK phosphatase and negatively regulates cytokine receptor signalling. Nature. 2001;409:349-54 pubmed
    ..The transmembrane PTPase CD45 is a key regulator of antigen receptor signalling in T and B cells...
  2. Wong N, Lai J, Birkenhead D, Shaw A, Johnson P. CD45 down-regulates Lck-mediated CD44 signaling and modulates actin rearrangement in T cells. J Immunol. 2008;181:7033-43 pubmed
    The tyrosine phosphatase CD45 dephosphorylates the negative regulatory tyrosine of the Src family kinase Lck and plays a positive role in TCR signaling...
  3. Mee P, Turner M, Basson M, Costello P, Zamoyska R, Tybulewicz V. Greatly reduced efficiency of both positive and negative selection of thymocytes in CD45 tyrosine phosphatase-deficient mice. Eur J Immunol. 1999;29:2923-33 pubmed
    ..TCR-mediated signals that determine these selection processes are only partly understood. The CD45 tyrosine phosphatase has been shown to be important for signal transduction through the TCR, but there has been ..
  4. Hesslein D, Palacios E, Sun J, Beilke J, Watson S, Weiss A, et al. Differential requirements for CD45 in NK-cell function reveal distinct roles for Syk-family kinases. Blood. 2011;117:3087-95 pubmed publisher
    The protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45 is an important regulator of Src-family kinase activity. We found that in the absence of CD45, natural killer (NK) cells are defective in protecting the host from mouse cytomegalovirus infection...
  5. Meier D, Bornmann C, Chappaz S, Schmutz S, Otten L, Ceredig R, et al. Ectopic lymphoid-organ development occurs through interleukin 7-mediated enhanced survival of lymphoid-tissue-inducer cells. Immunity. 2007;26:643-54 pubmed
    ..Therefore, by controlling LTi cell numbers, IL-7 can regulate the formation of both normal and ectopic lymphoid organs. ..
  6. Su D, Ellis S, Napier A, Lee K, Manley N. Hoxa3 and pax1 regulate epithelial cell death and proliferation during thymus and parathyroid organogenesis. Dev Biol. 2001;236:316-29 pubmed
    ..Our results suggest that a Hoxa3-Pax1 genetic pathway is required for both epithelial cell growth and differentiation throughout thymus and parathyroid organogenesis. ..
  7. Zhu J, Brdicka T, Katsumoto T, Lin J, Weiss A. Structurally distinct phosphatases CD45 and CD148 both regulate B cell and macrophage immunoreceptor signaling. Immunity. 2008;28:183-96 pubmed publisher
    ..mice showed that CD148 has a positive regulatory function in B cells and macrophages, similar to the role of CD45 as a positive regulator of Src family kinases (SFKs)...
  8. Griffith A, Cardenas K, Carter C, Gordon J, Iberg A, Engleka K, et al. Increased thymus- and decreased parathyroid-fated organ domains in Splotch mutant embryos. Dev Biol. 2009;327:216-27 pubmed publisher
  9. Vondenhoff M, Greuter M, Goverse G, Elewaut D, Dewint P, Ware C, et al. LTbetaR signaling induces cytokine expression and up-regulates lymphangiogenic factors in lymph node anlagen. J Immunol. 2009;182:5439-45 pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, the same signals may regulate lymphangiogenesis to the lymph node through induction of VEGF-C. ..
  10. Roach T, Slater S, White L, Zhang X, Majerus P, Brown E, et al. The protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1 regulates integrin-mediated adhesion of macrophages. Curr Biol. 1998;8:1035-8 pubmed
    ..Whereas macrophages deficient in the transmembrane tyrosine phosphatase CD45 (CD45-/-) spontaneously detached from alpha m beta 2 integrin contacts [5], cells deficient in both CD45 and SHP-1 ..
  11. Pani G, Siminovitch K, Paige C. The motheaten mutation rescues B cell signaling and development in CD45-deficient mice. J Exp Med. 1997;186:581-8 pubmed
    The cytosolic SHP-1 and transmembrane CD45 protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTP) play critical roles in regulating signal transduction via the B cell antigen receptor (BCR). These PTPs differ, however, in their effects on BCR function...
  12. Benatar T, Carsetti R, Furlonger C, Kamalia N, Mak T, Paige C. Immunoglobulin-mediated signal transduction in B cells from CD45-deficient mice. J Exp Med. 1996;183:329-34 pubmed
    b>CD45 expression is essential for immunoglobulin (Ig)-mediated B cell activation...
  13. Ferguson B, Ostergaard H. CD45 regulates thymocyte survival during development in fetal thymic organ culture. Immunobiology. 2010;215:458-65 pubmed publisher
    The CD45 protein tyrosine phosphatase is essential for T cell development. Its external domain undergoes changes in glycosylation and isoform usage during thymocyte development, the consequences of which remain unknown...
  14. Shen F, Saga Y, Litman G, Freeman G, Tung J, Cantor H, et al. Cloning of Ly-5 cDNA. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1985;82:7360-3 pubmed
  15. Zikherman J, Doan K, Parameswaran R, Raschke W, Weiss A. Quantitative differences in CD45 expression unmask functions for CD45 in B-cell development, tolerance, and survival. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012;109:E3-12 pubmed publisher
    The receptor-like tyrosine phosphatase CD45 positively regulates antigen receptor signaling by dephosphorylating the inhibitory tyrosine of the src family kinases...
  16. Panchal R, Bradfute S, Peyser B, Warfield K, Ruthel G, Lane D, et al. Reduced levels of protein tyrosine phosphatase CD45 protect mice from the lethal effects of Ebola virus infection. Cell Host Microbe. 2009;6:162-73 pubmed publisher
    ..We find that mice expressing reduced levels of the tyrosine phosphatase CD45 are protected against EBOV, whereas wild-type, CD45-deficient, or enzymatically inactive CD45-expressing mice ..
  17. Zikherman J, Jenne C, Watson S, Doan K, Raschke W, Goodnow C, et al. CD45-Csk phosphatase-kinase titration uncouples basal and inducible T cell receptor signaling during thymic development. Immunity. 2010;32:342-54 pubmed publisher
    The kinase-phosphatase pair Csk and CD45 reciprocally regulate phosphorylation of the inhibitory tyrosine of the Src family kinases Lck and Fyn...
  18. Sasaki T, Mizuochi C, Horio Y, Nakao K, Akashi K, Sugiyama D. Regulation of hematopoietic cell clusters in the placental niche through SCF/Kit signaling in embryonic mouse. Development. 2010;137:3941-52 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations demonstrate that placental HC clusters originate from the allantois and are regulated by endothelial niche cells through SCF/Kit signaling. ..
  19. Zhao R, Yang F, Alexander D. An oncogenic tyrosine kinase inhibits DNA repair and DNA-damage-induced Bcl-xL deamidation in T cell transformation. Cancer Cell. 2004;5:37-49 pubmed
    ..Parental CD45(-/-) and p56(lck-F505Y) mice do not develop tumors, whereas their CD45(-/-)p56(lck-F505Y) progeny develop T ..
  20. Ripen A, Nitta T, Murata S, Tanaka K, Takahama Y. Ontogeny of thymic cortical epithelial cells expressing the thymoproteasome subunit ?5t. Eur J Immunol. 2011;41:1278-87 pubmed publisher
    ..These results indicate that ?5t expression in cTECs is dependent on Foxn1 but independent of thymocyte crosstalk or thymic medulla formation. ..
  21. Eberl G, Marmon S, Sunshine M, Rennert P, Choi Y, Littman D. An essential function for the nuclear receptor RORgamma(t) in the generation of fetal lymphoid tissue inducer cells. Nat Immunol. 2004;5:64-73 pubmed
    ..This early LTi cell-mediated activation of lymph node and Peyer's patch mesenchyma forms the necessary platform for the subsequent development of mature lymphoid tissues. ..
  22. Kishihara K, Penninger J, Wallace V, Kundig T, Kawai K, Wakeham A, et al. Normal B lymphocyte development but impaired T cell maturation in CD45-exon6 protein tyrosine phosphatase-deficient mice. Cell. 1993;74:143-56 pubmed
    The transmembrane tyrosine phosphatase CD45 is expressed in multiple isoforms on all nucleated hematopoietic cells, resulting from alternative splicing of variable exons...
  23. Ferkowicz M, Starr M, Xie X, Li W, Johnson S, Shelley W, et al. CD41 expression defines the onset of primitive and definitive hematopoiesis in the murine embryo. Development. 2003;130:4393-403 pubmed
  24. Loder F, Mutschler B, Ray R, Paige C, Sideras P, Torres R, et al. B cell development in the spleen takes place in discrete steps and is determined by the quality of B cell receptor-derived signals. J Exp Med. 1999;190:75-89 pubmed
  25. Ohnishi K, Shimizu T, Karasuyama H, Melchers F. The identification of a nonclassical cadherin expressed during B cell development and its interaction with surrogate light chain. J Biol Chem. 2000;275:31134-44 pubmed
    ..Reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and flow cytometric analyses revealed that it is expressed on B220(+)c-Kit(+) pro-B and pre-B-I cells as well as on B220(+)CD25(-)IgM(+) immature and mature B cells but not on B220(+)..
  26. Gill J, Malin M, Hollander G, Boyd R. Generation of a complete thymic microenvironment by MTS24(+) thymic epithelial cells. Nat Immunol. 2002;3:635-42 pubmed
    ..These cells contained epithelial progenitor cells that were competent and sufficient to fully reconstitute the complex thymic epithelial microenvironment that supported normal T cell development. ..
  27. Majeti R, Xu Z, Parslow T, Olson J, Daikh D, Killeen N, et al. An inactivating point mutation in the inhibitory wedge of CD45 causes lymphoproliferation and autoimmunity. Cell. 2000;103:1059-70 pubmed
    A model has been proposed for the regulation of CD45, and by homology other RPTPs, in which dimerization inhibits phosphatase activity through symmetrical interactions between an inhibitory structural wedge and the catalytic site...
  28. Wu Z, Yates A, Hoyne G, Goodnow C. Consequences of increased CD45RA and RC isoforms for TCR signaling and peripheral T cell deficiency resulting from heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein L-like mutation. J Immunol. 2010;185:231-8 pubmed publisher
    b>CD45 is the most abundant protein tyrosine phosphatase in the plasma membrane of T cells and serves a critical role in TCR signaling...
  29. Turner M, Mee P, Costello P, Williams O, Price A, Duddy L, et al. Perinatal lethality and blocked B-cell development in mice lacking the tyrosine kinase Syk. Nature. 1995;378:298-302 pubmed
    ..Finally, we show that Syk is not required for signalling through the IL-2 and G-CSF receptors. ..
  30. Roach T, Slater S, Koval M, White L, Cahir McFarland E, Okumura M, et al. CD45 regulates Src family member kinase activity associated with macrophage integrin-mediated adhesion. Curr Biol. 1997;7:408-17 pubmed
    ..Src family kinases are activated upon integrin-mediated adhesion. In lymphocytes, CD45 is a leukocyte-specific transmembrane protein tyrosine phosphatase that activates Src family kinases associated ..
  31. Vondenhoff M, Desanti G, Cupedo T, Bertrand J, Cumano A, Kraal G, et al. Separation of splenic red and white pulp occurs before birth in a LTalphabeta-independent manner. J Leukoc Biol. 2008;84:152-61 pubmed publisher
    ..The postnatal development of the splenic white pulp, involving the influx of T cells, depends on LTalpha1beta2 expressed by B cells. ..
  32. Ginhoux F, Collin M, Bogunovic M, Abel M, Leboeuf M, Helft J, et al. Blood-derived dermal langerin+ dendritic cells survey the skin in the steady state. J Exp Med. 2007;204:3133-46 pubmed
    ..We propose that this is an important and previously unappreciated element of immunosurveillance that needs to be taken into account in the design of novel vaccine strategies. ..
  33. Zhang M, Moran M, Round J, Low T, Patel V, Tomassian T, et al. CD45 signals outside of lipid rafts to promote ERK activation, synaptic raft clustering, and IL-2 production. J Immunol. 2005;174:1479-90 pubmed
    b>CD45 is dynamically repositioned within lipid rafts and the immune synapse during T cell activation, although the molecular consequences of CD45 repositioning remain unclear...
  34. Wang Y, Johnson P. Expression of CD45 lacking the catalytic protein tyrosine phosphatase domain modulates Lck phosphorylation and T cell activation. J Biol Chem. 2005;280:14318-24 pubmed
    ..In CD45, D2 can interact with the catalytic domain (D1) and stabilize its activity...
  35. Hermiston M, Tan A, Gupta V, Majeti R, Weiss A. The juxtamembrane wedge negatively regulates CD45 function in B cells. Immunity. 2005;23:635-47 pubmed
    b>CD45 is a receptor-like protein tyrosine phosphatase highly expressed on all nucleated hematopoietic cells. We previously generated mice containing a point mutation in the juxtamembrane wedge of CD45...
  36. Kurobe H, Liu C, Ueno T, Saito F, Ohigashi I, Seach N, et al. CCR7-dependent cortex-to-medulla migration of positively selected thymocytes is essential for establishing central tolerance. Immunity. 2006;24:165-77 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that CCR7-mediated cortex-to-medulla migration of thymocytes is essential for establishing central tolerance rather than for supporting the maturation or export of thymocytes. ..
  37. Virts E, Diago O, Raschke W. A CD45 minigene restores regulated isoform expression and immune function in CD45-deficient mice: therapeutic implications for human CD45-null severe combined immunodeficiency. Blood. 2003;101:849-55 pubmed
    Transgenic mice have been generated that carry a CD45 minigene under control of the human leukocyte function-associated antigen (LFA-1, CD11a) promoter...
  38. Liu C, Saito F, Liu Z, Lei Y, Uehara S, Love P, et al. Coordination between CCR7- and CCR9-mediated chemokine signals in prevascular fetal thymus colonization. Blood. 2006;108:2531-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicate coordination between Gcm2-dependent parathyroid and Foxn1-dependent thymic primordia in establishing CCL21/CCR7- and CCL25/CCR9-mediated chemokine guidance essential for prevascular fetal thymus colonization. ..
  39. Depreter M, Blair N, Gaskell T, Nowell C, Davern K, Pagliocca A, et al. Identification of Plet-1 as a specific marker of early thymic epithelial progenitor cells. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2008;105:961-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Plet-1 will thus provide an invaluable tool for genetic analysis of the lineage relationships and molecular mechanisms operating in the development, homeostasis, and injury in several organ/tissue systems. ..
  40. Bertrand J, Jalil A, Klaine M, Jung S, Cumano A, Godin I. Three pathways to mature macrophages in the early mouse yolk sac. Blood. 2005;106:3004-11 pubmed
    ..Both YS-derived precursors followed a developmental pathway common to adult Mphi and could be qualified as definitive. ..
  41. King A, Keating P, Prabhu A, Blomberg B, Riley R. NK cells in the CD19- B220+ bone marrow fraction are increased in senescence and reduce E2A and surrogate light chain proteins in B cell precursors. Mech Ageing Dev. 2009;130:384-92 pubmed publisher
    ..Herein, we show that aged bone marrow has increased Hardy Fraction A (CD19(-) B220(+)) cells, including NK cells, that can inhibit both E47 (E2A) protein and surrogate light chain protein expression ..
  42. Pingel S, Baker M, Turner M, Holmes N, Alexander D. The CD45 tyrosine phosphatase regulates CD3-induced signal transduction and T cell development in recombinase-deficient mice: restoration of pre-TCR function by active p56(lck). Eur J Immunol. 1999;29:2376-84 pubmed
    ..In CD45(-/-) mice there is an accumulation of DN cells, suggesting a possible role for CD45 in pre-TCR signaling...
  43. Zikherman J, Hermiston M, Steiner D, Hasegawa K, Chan A, Weiss A. PTPN22 deficiency cooperates with the CD45 E613R allele to break tolerance on a non-autoimmune background. J Immunol. 2009;182:4093-106 pubmed publisher
    Pep and CD45 are tyrosine phosphatases whose targets include the Src-family kinases, critical mediators of Ag receptor signaling...
  44. Panchal R, Ulrich R, Bradfute S, Lane D, Ruthel G, Kenny T, et al. Reduced expression of CD45 protein-tyrosine phosphatase provides protection against anthrax pathogenesis. J Biol Chem. 2009;284:12874-85 pubmed publisher
    ..The most potent compound was assayed against a panel of sixteen different phosphatases of which CD45 was found to be most sensitive to inhibition...
  45. Cross J, Kott K, Miletic T, Johnson P. CD45 regulates TLR-induced proinflammatory cytokine and IFN-beta secretion in dendritic cells. J Immunol. 2008;180:8020-9 pubmed
    b>CD45 is a leukocyte-specific protein tyrosine phosphatase and an important regulator of AgR signaling in lymphocytes. However, its function in other leukocytes is not well-understood...
  46. Liu C, Ueno T, Kuse S, Saito F, Nitta T, Piali L, et al. The role of CCL21 in recruitment of T-precursor cells to fetal thymi. Blood. 2005;105:31-9 pubmed
    ..These results indicate that CCL21 is involved in the recruitment of T-cell precursors to the fetal thymus and suggest that the combination of CCL21 and CCL25 plays a major role in fetal thymus colonization. ..
  47. North T, de Bruijn M, Stacy T, Talebian L, Lind E, Robin C, et al. Runx1 expression marks long-term repopulating hematopoietic stem cells in the midgestation mouse embryo. Immunity. 2002;16:661-72 pubmed
    ..Furthermore, HSCs in Runx1(+/-) embryos are heterogeneous and include CD45(+) cells, endothelial cells, and mesenchymal cells...
  48. Baker M, Gamble J, Tooze R, Higgins D, Yang F, O Brien P, et al. Development of T-leukaemias in CD45 tyrosine phosphatase-deficient mutant lck mice. EMBO J. 2000;19:4644-54 pubmed
    The CD45 tyrosine phosphatase lowers T-cell antigen receptor signalling thresholds by its positive actions on p56(lck) tyrosine kinase function...
  49. McNeill L, Salmond R, Cooper J, Carret C, Cassady Cain R, Roche Molina M, et al. The differential regulation of Lck kinase phosphorylation sites by CD45 is critical for T cell receptor signaling responses. Immunity. 2007;27:425-37 pubmed
    The molecular mechanisms whereby the CD45 tyrosine phosphatase (PTPase) regulates T cell receptor (TCR) signaling responses remain to be elucidated...
  50. Charbonneau H, Tonks N, Walsh K, Fischer E. The leukocyte common antigen (CD45): a putative receptor-linked protein tyrosine phosphatase. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1988;85:7182-6 pubmed
    ..However, the sequence is strikingly similar to the tandem C-terminal homologous domains of the leukocyte common antigen (CD45)...
  51. Zebedee S, Barritt D, Raschke W. Comparison of mouse Ly5a and Ly5b leucocyte common antigen alleles. Dev Immunol. 1991;1:243-54 pubmed
    ..Sequence information from the 5' end of the Ly5a LCA gene, generated using polymerase chain-reaction techniques on genomic DNA, reveals eight additional nucleotide differences between the Ly5a and Ly5b alleles. ..
  52. Zikherman J, Parameswaran R, Hermiston M, Weiss A. The structural wedge domain of the receptor-like tyrosine phosphatase CD45 enforces B cell tolerance by regulating substrate specificity. J Immunol. 2013;190:2527-35 pubmed publisher
    b>CD45 is a receptor-like tyrosine phosphatase that positively regulates BCR signaling by dephosphorylating the inhibitory tyrosine of the Src family kinases...
  53. Wang W, Zimmerman G, Huang X, Yu S, Myers J, Wang Y, et al. Aberrant Notch Signaling in the Bone Marrow Microenvironment of Acute Lymphoid Leukemia Suppresses Osteoblast-Mediated Support of Hematopoietic Niche Function. Cancer Res. 2016;76:1641-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Collectively, our findings suggest that therapeutically targeting the leukemia-infiltrated hematopoietic niche may restore HSPC homeostasis and improve the outcome of ALL patients. ..
  54. Ain R, Trinh M, Soares M. Interleukin-11 signaling is required for the differentiation of natural killer cells at the maternal-fetal interface. Dev Dyn. 2004;231:700-8 pubmed
    ..Thus, the defect in NK precursor cell maturation was not intrinsic to the NK precursor cells but was dependent upon the tissue environment. In summary, IL-11 signaling is required for decidual-specific maturation of NK cells. ..
  55. Seldin M, Morse H, LeBoeuf R, Steinberg A. Establishment of a molecular genetic map of distal mouse chromosome 1: further definition of a conserved linkage group syntenic with human chromosome 1q. Genomics. 1988;2:48-56 pubmed
    ..Moreover, the data indicate similar relative positions of human and mouse complement receptor-related genes REN, CD45, LAMB2, AT3, APOA2, and SPTA...