Gene Symbol: SOM
Description: grainyhead like transcription factor 3
Alias: SOM, TFCP2L4, VWS2, grainyhead-like protein 3 homolog, sister of mammalian grainyhead, transcription factor CP2-like 4, transcription factor hSOM1
Species: human
Products:     SOM

Top Publications

  1. Saban M, Hellmich H, Nguyen N, Winston J, Hammond T, Saban R. Time course of LPS-induced gene expression in a mouse model of genitourinary inflammation. Physiol Genomics. 2001;5:147-60 pubmed
    In this study, self-organizing map (SOM) gene cluster techniques are applied to the analysis of cDNA microarray analysis of gene expression changes occurring in the early stages of genitourinary inflammation...
  2. Mikołajczyk A, Złotkowska D. Subclinical Lipopolysaccharide from Salmonella Enteritidis Induces Dysregulation of Bioactive Substances from Selected Brain Sections and Glands of Neuroendocrine Axes. Toxins (Basel). 2019;11: pubmed publisher
    ..hormone (GnRH), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH), galanin (GAL), neuropeptide Y (NPY), somatostatin (SOM), substance P (SP), and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) in selected clinically important brain sections and ..
  3. Kozłowska A, Mikołajczyk A, Majewski M. Detailed Characterization of Sympathetic Chain Ganglia (SChG) Neurons Supplying the Skin of the Porcine Hindlimb. Int J Mol Sci. 2017;18: pubmed publisher
    ..dopamine-β-hydroxylase (DβH) with pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP), somatostatin (SOM), neuronal nitric oxide synthase, substance P, vasoactive intestinal peptide, neuropeptide Y (NPY), leu5-enkephalin ..
  4. Mushi M, Buname G, Bader O, Gros U, Mshana S. Aspergillus fumigatus carrying TR34/L98H resistance allele causing complicated suppurative otitis media in Tanzania: Call for improved diagnosis of fungi in sub-Saharan Africa. BMC Infect Dis. 2016;16:464 pubmed publisher
    Suppurative otitis media (SOM) is a major public health concern worldwide and is associated with increased morbidity. Cases of fungal suppurative otitis media were studied to establish the effect of fungi in otitis media...
  5. Torres da Silva K, Da Silva A, Barioni N, Tessarin G, De Oliveira J, Ervolino E, et al. Neurochemistry study of spinal cord in non-human primate (Sapajus spp.). Eur J Histochem. 2016;60:2623 pubmed publisher
    ..5-HT) and vesicular glutamate transporter-1 (VGLUT1) was noticed in nerve fibers of all laminae;  somatostatin (SOM) in neuronal somata of laminae III, IV, V, VI, VII, VIII and IX and nerve fibers in laminae I, II, V, VI, VII, X ..
  6. Nourinezhad J, Podlasz P, Wasowicz K. Immunohistochemical characteristics of neurons in the ganglia of the greater splanchnic nerve of the pig. Folia Histochem Cytobiol. 2017;55:221-229 pubmed publisher
    ..choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM), galanin (GAL), methionine-enkephalin (MET), calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), and substance P (SP) were ..
  7. Irgens I, Hoff J, Sørli H, Haugland H, Stanghelle J, Rekand T. Hospital based care at home; study protocol for a mixed epidemiological and randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2019;20:77 pubmed publisher
    .. 4.
  8. Zhong J, Xu C, Reece E, Yang P. The green tea polyphenol EGCG alleviates maternal diabetes-induced neural tube defects by inhibiting DNA hypermethylation. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2016;215:368.e1-368.e10 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations suggest that Epigallocatechin gallate supplements could mitigate the teratogenic effects of hyperglycemia on the developing embryo and prevent diabetes-induced neural tube defects. ..
  9. Calvo A, Perez Stable C, Segura V, Catena R, Guruceaga E, Nguewa P, et al. Molecular characterization of the Ggamma-globin-Tag transgenic mouse model of hormone refractory prostate cancer: comparison to human prostate cancer. Prostate. 2010;70:630-45 pubmed publisher
    ..through hierarchical cluster analysis, Pearson's rank correlation coefficient, and Self Organizing Feature Maps (SOM) analyses...

More Information

Publications148 found, 100 shown here

  1. Azad I, Nasibullah M, Khan T, Hassan F, Akhter Y. Exploring the novel heterocyclic derivatives as lead molecules for design and development of potent anticancer agents. J Mol Graph Model. 2018;81:211-228 pubmed publisher
    ..Sunitinib and Doxorubicin possess great affinity to inhibit these cancers causing protein. Self-organizing map (SOM) was used to depict data in a simple 2D presentation...
  2. Petto C, Gäbel G, Pfannkuche H. Architecture and Chemical Coding of the Inner and Outer Submucous Plexus in the Colon of Piglets. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0133350 pubmed publisher
    ..Antibodies against choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), substance P (SP), somatostatin (SOM), neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) and the pan-..
  3. Greene N, Leung K, Copp A. Inositol, neural tube closure and the prevention of neural tube defects. Birth Defects Res. 2017;109:68-80 pubmed publisher
    ..Birth Defects Research 109:68-80, 2017. © 2016 The Authors Birth Defects Research Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. ..
  4. Czéh B, Varga Z, Henningsen K, Kovács G, Miseta A, Wiborg O. Chronic stress reduces the number of GABAergic interneurons in the adult rat hippocampus, dorsal-ventral and region-specific differences. Hippocampus. 2015;25:393-405 pubmed publisher
    ..using antibodies for parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR), calbindin (CB), cholecystokinin (CCK), somatostatin (SOM), and neuropeptide Y (NPY)...
  5. Ge S, Zhang J, Du Y, Hu B, Zhou Z, Lou J. Dynamic changes in the gene expression profile during rat oral carcinogenesis induced by 4-nitroquinoline 1-oxide. Mol Med Rep. 2016;13:2561-9 pubmed publisher
    ..cell carcinomas) were analyzed using component plane presentations (CPP)‑self‑organizing map (SOM)...
  6. Kozłowska A, Mikołajczyk A, Adamiak Z, Majewski M. Distribution and chemical coding of sensory neurons innervating the skin of the porcine hindlimb. Neuropeptides. 2017;61:1-14 pubmed publisher
    ..calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) and galanin (GAL); as well as various other factors such as somatostatin (SOM), calbindin-D28k (CB), pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and neuronal nitric oxide ..
  7. Wang X, Song X, Wu L, Nadler J, Zhan R. Persistent Hyperactivity of Hippocampal Dentate Interneurons After a Silent Period in the Rat Pilocarpine Model of Epilepsy. Front Cell Neurosci. 2016;10:94 pubmed publisher
    ..of hilar neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)-, neuropeptide Y (NPY)-, parvalbumin (PV)-, and somatostatin (SOM)-positive cells with c-fos expression are significantly higher than those of controls more than 10 weeks after SE...
  8. Sriraj P, Boonmars T, Aukkanimart R, Songsri J, Sripan P, Ratanasuwan P, et al. A combination of liver fluke infection and traditional northeastern Thai foods associated with cholangiocarcinoma development. Parasitol Res. 2016;115:3843-52 pubmed publisher
    ..viverrini infection only and (iii)-(vi) O. viverrini infection plus fermented foods (pla som-fish fermented for 1 day), som wua-fermented beef, som phag-fermented vegetables, and pla ra-fish fermented for 6 ..
  9. Lepiarczyk E, Bossowska A, Majewski M. Changes in chemical coding of sympathetic chain ganglia (SChG) neurons supplying porcine urinary bladder after botulinum toxin (BTX) treatment. Cell Tissue Res. 2015;360:263-72 pubmed publisher
    ..a marker of noradrenergic neurons), neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM), galanin (GAL), Leu(5)-enkephalin (L-ENK) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)...
  10. Muscolo A, Settineri G, Papalia T, Attinà E, Basile C, Panuccio M. Anaerobic co-digestion of recalcitrant agricultural wastes: Characterizing of biochemical parameters of digestate and its impacts on soil ecosystem. Sci Total Environ. 2017;586:746-752 pubmed publisher
    ..The mainly affected soil parameters were: Soil Organic Matter (SOM), Microbial Biomass Carbon (MBC), Fluorescein Diacetate Hydrolysis (FDA), Water Soluble Phenol (WSP) and Catalase (..
  11. Čadež V, Skapin S, Leonardi A, Krizaj I, Kazazic S, Salopek Sondi B, et al. Formation and morphogenesis of a cuttlebone's aragonite biomineral structures for the common cuttlefish (Sepia officinalis) on the nanoscale: Revisited. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2017;508:95-104 pubmed publisher
    ..self-organized formation of aragonite, identifies the presence, and determines the role of soluble organic matrix (SOM) proteins in the morphogenesis of the cuttlebone's biomineral structures on the nanoscale...
  12. Sohn J, Okamoto S, Kataoka N, Kaneko T, Nakamura K, Hioki H. Differential Inputs to the Perisomatic and Distal-Dendritic Compartments of VIP-Positive Neurons in Layer 2/3 of the Mouse Barrel Cortex. Front Neuroanat. 2016;10:124 pubmed publisher
    ..through inhibition of other types of inhibitory neurons, such as parvalbumin- (PV+) and somatostatin-positive (SOM+) inhibitory neurons, promoting sensory information processing...
  13. Abad Franch F, Lima M, Sarquis O, Gurgel Gonçalves R, Sánchez Martín M, Calzada J, et al. On palms, bugs, and Chagas disease in the Americas. Acta Trop. 2015;151:126-41 pubmed publisher
    ..We use site-occupancy modeling (SOM) to examine infestation in 3590 palms sampled with non-destructive methods, and standard statistics to describe and ..
  14. Bossowska A, Lepiarczyk E, Mazur U, Janikiewicz P, Markiewicz W. Botulinum toxin type A induces changes in the chemical coding of substance P-immunoreactive dorsal root ganglia sensory neurons supplying the porcine urinary bladder. Toxins (Basel). 2015;7:4797-816 pubmed publisher
    ..polypeptide (PACAP), neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), galanin (GAL), calbindin (CB), and somatostatin (SOM). In the control group (n = 6), 45% of the total population of BPSN were SP-IR...
  15. Parada Sanchez M, Chu E, Cox L, Undurty S, Standley J, Murray J, et al. Disrupted IRF6-NME1/2 Complexes as a Cause of Cleft Lip/Palate. J Dent Res. 2017;96:1330-1338 pubmed publisher
    ..The data presented suggest an important role for cytoplasmic IRF6 in regulating the availability or localization of the NME1/2 complex and thus the dynamic behavior of epithelia during lip/palate development. ..
  16. Lepiarczyk E, Bossowska A, Kaleczyc J, Majewska M, Gonkowski S, Majewski M. The Influence of Tetrodotoxin (TTX) on the Distribution and Chemical Coding of Caudal Mesenteric Ganglion (CaMG) Neurons Supplying the Porcine Urinary Bladder. Mar Drugs. 2017;15: pubmed publisher
    ..against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM), calbindin (CB), galanin (GAL) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)...
  17. Lizakowski S, Kolonko A, Imko Walczuk B, Komorowska Jagielska K, Rutkowski B, Wiecek A, et al. Solid Organ Cancer and Melanoma in Kidney Transplant Recipients: TumorTx Base Preliminary Results. Transplant Proc. 2018;50:1881-1888 pubmed publisher
    ..The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of solid organ malignancy (SOM) and melanoma in renal transplant recipients (RTR) transplanted at 2 representative transplant centers in Poland ..
  18. Saelao S, Maneerat S, Kaewsuwan S, Rabesona H, Choiset Y, Haertle T, et al. Inhibition of Staphylococcus aureus in vitro by bacteriocinogenic Lactococcus lactis KTH0-1S isolated from Thai fermented shrimp (Kung-som) and safety evaluation. Arch Microbiol. 2017;199:551-562 pubmed publisher
    Lactococcus lactis KTH0-1S isolated from Thai traditional fermented shrimp (Kung-som) is able to produce heat-stable bacteriocin and inhibits food spoilage bacteria and food-borne pathogens...
  19. Lepiarczyk E, Majewski M, Bossowska A. The influence of intravesical administration of resiniferatoxin (RTX) on the chemical coding of sympathetic chain ganglia (SChG) neurons supplying the porcine urinary bladder. Histochem Cell Biol. 2015;144:479-89 pubmed publisher
    ..marker of noradrenergic neurons), neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM), galanin, Leu(5)-enkephalin and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)...
  20. Crecelius A, Vitz J, Näthe K, Meyer S, Michalzik B, Schubert U. Effect of ecosystem type and fire on chemistry of WEOM as measured by LDI-TOF-MS and NMR. Talanta. 2017;162:589-596 pubmed publisher
    Soil organic matter (SOM) and its water-soluble components play an important role in terrestrial carbon cycling and associated ecosystem functions...
  21. Carron S, Yan E, Alwis D, Rajan R. Differential susceptibility of cortical and subcortical inhibitory neurons and astrocytes in the long term following diffuse traumatic brain injury. J Comp Neurol. 2016;524:3530-3560 pubmed publisher
    ..antibodies against calbindin (CB), parvalbumin (PV), calretinin (CR) and neuropeptide Y (NPY), and somatostatin (SOM) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), a marker for astrogliosis during neurodegeneration...
  22. Kang H, Gao H, Yu W, Yi Y, Wang Y, Ning M. Changes in soil microbial community structure and function after afforestation depend on species and age: Case study in a subtropical alluvial island. Sci Total Environ. 2018;625:1423-1432 pubmed publisher
    ..between soil chemical and biological properties: PLFA abundances were positively related to soil organic matter (SOM) contents; the fungal-to-bacterial ratio and fungal relative abundance were correlated positively with SOM contents ..
  23. Lepiarczyk E, Dudek A, Kaleczyc J, Majewski M, Markiewicz W, Radziszewski P, et al. The influence of resiniferatoxin on the chemical coding of caudal mesenteric ganglion neurons supplying the urinary bladder in the pig. J Physiol Pharmacol. 2016;67:625-632 pubmed
    ..against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), somatostatin (SOM), calbindin (CB), galanin (GAL) and neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS)...
  24. Nguyen D, Richter D, Michel G, Mitschka S, Kolanus W, Cuevas E, et al. The ubiquitin ligase LIN41/TRIM71 targets p53 to antagonize cell death and differentiation pathways during stem cell differentiation. Cell Death Differ. 2017;24:1063-1078 pubmed publisher
    ..As Lin41-deficient mice display neural tube closure defects, we conclude that LIN41 is critical for the regulation of p53 functions in cell fate specification and survival during early brain development. ..
  25. Zhang Y, Fritzsche K, Leonhart R, Zhao X, Zhang L, Wei J, et al. Dysfunctional illness perception and illness behaviour associated with high somatic symptom severity and low quality of life in general hospital outpatients in China. J Psychosom Res. 2014;77:187-95 pubmed publisher
    ..Patients who reported low SSS (PHQ-15<10, n=203, SOM-) were compared to patients who reported high SSS (PHQ-15≥10, n=201, SOM+)...
  26. Speed H, Masiulis I, Gibson J, Powell C. Increased Cortical Inhibition in Autism-Linked Neuroligin-3R451C Mice Is Due in Part to Loss of Endocannabinoid Signaling. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0140638 pubmed publisher the amplitude of cell-to-cell, unitary IPSCs (uIPSCs) from parvalbumin-positive (PV) or somatostatin-positive (SOM) interneurons onto pyramidal neurons...
  27. Botti M, Ragionieri L, Cacchioli A, Panu R, Gazza F. Striated perineal muscles: Location of somatic and autonomic neurons projecting to the male pig ischiocavernous muscle. Neurochemical features of the sympathetic subset. Anat Rec (Hoboken). 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..LENK), Neuropeptide Y (NPY), Substance P (SP), Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide (VIP) and Somatostatine (SOM) often colocalized with Tyrosine Hydroxylase(TH)...
  28. Osolodkin D, Radchenko E, Orlov A, Voronkov A, Palyulin V, Zefirov N. Progress in visual representations of chemical space. Expert Opin Drug Discov. 2015;10:959-73 pubmed publisher
    ..such methods as van Krevelen diagrams, descriptor plots, principal components analysis (PCA), self-organizing maps (SOM), generative topographic mapping (GTM), graph and network-based approaches...
  29. Kim J, Lee S, Jang I, Jeong S, Kang H. Can abundance of methanogen be a good indicator for CH4 flux in soil ecosystems?. Environ Geochem Health. 2015;37:1007-15 pubmed publisher
    ..between methane flux and the abundance of methanogen exists only under a specific biogeochemical conditions such as SOM of higher than 60%, pH of 5.6-6.4, and water-saturated...
  30. Wang J, Chen Y, Tai A, Chen X, Huang S, Yang C, et al. Sensorineural Hearing Loss after Combined Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy and Cisplatin-Based Chemotherapy for Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. Transl Oncol. 2015;8:456-62 pubmed publisher
    ..034, .011, and .003, respectively) and in ears with secretory otitis media (SOM) (P=.002). Several dosimetric parameters were found to be correlated with SNHL...
  31. Kim K, Lee G, Yoon M, Cho E, Park C, Kim M. Expression Analyses Revealed Thymic Stromal Co-Transporter/Slc46A2 Is in Stem Cell Populations and Is a Putative Tumor Suppressor. Mol Cells. 2015;38:548-61 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on these results, a model for TEC differentiation from the stem cells was proposed in context of multiple epithelial organ formation. ..
  32. Lazarus D, Suzuki N, Caulet J, Nigrini C, Goll I, Goll R, et al. An evaluated list of Cenozic-Recent radiolarian species names (Polycystinea), based on those used in the DSDP, ODP and IODP deep-sea drilling programs. Zootaxa. 2015;3999:301-33 pubmed publisher
    ..A brief list of valid names is provided in the main paper, while the full list, with synonyms, author, year of publication, family assignment, geologic age interval and notes is provided as a SOM spreadsheet table.
  33. Li J, Cai J, Su H, Du H, Zhang J, Ding S, et al. Effects of protein flexibility and active site water molecules on the prediction of sites of metabolism for cytochrome P450 2C19 substrates. Mol Biosyst. 2016;12:868-78 pubmed publisher
    ..However, protein flexibility and active site water molecules remain a challenge for accurate SOM prediction...
  34. Aguiar F, Torres R, Pinto J, Kritski A, Seixas J, Mello F. Development of two artificial neural network models to support the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in hospitalized patients in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Med Biol Eng Comput. 2016;54:1751-1759 pubmed model for classification (multilayer perceptron-MLP) and another risk group assignment (self-organizing map-SOM) for PTB in hospitalized patients in a high complexity hospital in Rio de Janeiro City, using clinical and ..
  35. Sanchart C, Rattanaporn O, Haltrich D, Phukpattaranont P, Maneerat S. Enhancement of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) levels using an autochthonous Lactobacillus futsaii CS3 as starter culture in Thai fermented shrimp (Kung-Som). World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2017;33:152 pubmed publisher
    ..In order to improve GABA levels and the fermentation process of Thai fermented shrimp (Kung-Som), autochthonous Lactobacillus futsaii CS3 was inoculated as a starter culture into Kung-Som, and its effects on the ..
  36. Merino A, Fonturbel M, Fernández C, Chávez Vergara B, García Oliva F, Vega J. Inferring changes in soil organic matter in post-wildfire soil burn severity levels in a temperate climate. Sci Total Environ. 2018;627:622-632 pubmed publisher
    ..SBS proxies based on visual identification and changes in soil organic matter (SOM) content and quality can be related to other soil properties in order to determine the extent to which soil is ..
  37. Romanić S, Vuković G, Klinčić D, Antanasijević D. Self-organizing maps for indications of airborne polychlorinated biphenyl (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticide (OCPs) dependence on spatial and meteorological parameters. Sci Total Environ. 2018;628-629:198-205 pubmed publisher
    ..parameters (temperature, atmospheric pressure and relative humidity) using the Kohonen self-organizing map (SOM)...
  38. Shukla N, Hagenbuchner M, Win K, Yang J. Breast cancer data analysis for survivability studies and prediction. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2018;155:199-208 pubmed publisher
    ..Unsupervised data mining methods viz. the self-organising map (SOM) and density-based spatial clustering of applications with noise (DBSCAN) is used to create patient cohort clusters...
  39. Jang E, Park B, Park M, Kim S, Sohn J. Analysis of physiological signals for recognition of boredom, pain, and surprise emotions. J Physiol Anthropol. 2015;34:25 pubmed publisher
    ..algorithms (linear discriminant analysis (LDA), classification and regression trees (CART), self-organizing map (SOM), Naïve Bayes algorithm, and support vector machine (SVM)) are used for classifying the emotions...
  40. Huh C, Amilhon B, Ferguson K, Manseau F, Torres Platas S, Peach J, et al. Excitatory Inputs Determine Phase-Locking Strength and Spike-Timing of CA1 Stratum Oriens/Alveus Parvalbumin and Somatostatin Interneurons during Intrinsically Generated Hippocampal Theta Rhythm. J Neurosci. 2016;36:6605-22 pubmed publisher
    ..To better understand how theta is generated, we explored how parvalbumin (PV) and somatostatin (SOM) interneurons in CA1 stratum oriens/alveus fire during hippocampal theta and investigated synaptic mechanisms ..
  41. Parolo M, Savini M, Loewy R. Characterization of soil organic matter by FT-IR spectroscopy and its relationship with chlorpyrifos sorption. J Environ Manage. 2017;196:316-322 pubmed publisher
    ..The soil characteristics assessed were pH, clay content and spectral data indicative of soil organic matter (SOM) quality measured by FT-IR on the whole soil...
  42. Brilli L, Bechini L, Bindi M, Carozzi M, Cavalli D, Conant R, et al. Review and analysis of strengths and weaknesses of agro-ecosystem models for simulating C and N fluxes. Sci Total Environ. 2017;598:445-470 pubmed publisher
    ..representation of soil microbial biomass to drive soil organic matter turnover, the effect of N shortage on SOM decomposition, the improvements related to the production and consumption of gases and an adequate simulations of ..
  43. Han C, Wang Z, Si G, Lei T, Yuan Y, Zhang G. Increased precipitation accelerates soil organic matter turnover associated with microbial community composition in topsoil of alpine grassland on the eastern Tibetan Plateau. Can J Microbiol. 2017;63:811-821 pubmed publisher
    ..However, it remains unclear whether soil organic matter (SOM) in different layers responds to climate change analogously, and whether microbial communities play vital roles in ..
  44. Xu L, Yi M, Yi H, Guo E, Zhang A. Manure and mineral fertilization change enzyme activity and bacterial community in millet rhizosphere soils. World J Microbiol Biotechnol. 2017;34:8 pubmed publisher
    ..Redundancy analysis showed that the soil organic matter (SOM), available phosphorus (AP), and urease (UR) activity were significantly correlated with bacterial communities, ..
  45. An F, Diao Z, Lv J. Microbial diversity and community structure in agricultural soils suffering from 4 years of Pb contamination. Can J Microbiol. 2018;64:305-316 pubmed publisher
    ..The relative abundance of Gemmatimonadetes, Nitrospirae, and Planctomycetes was negatively correlated with total Pb. Collectively, Pb influences both the microbial community composition and physicochemical properties of soil. ..
  46. Lohwacharin J, Takizawa S, Punyapalakul P. Carbon black retention in saturated natural soils: Effects of flow conditions, soil surface roughness and soil organic matter. Environ Pollut. 2015;205:131-8 pubmed publisher
    ..Soil organic matter (SOM) was found to create unfavorable conditions for the retention...
  47. Vasuta C, Artinian J, Laplante I, Hébert Seropian S, Elayoubi K, Lacaille J. Metaplastic Regulation of CA1 Schaffer Collateral Pathway Plasticity by Hebbian MGluR1a-Mediated Plasticity at Excitatory Synapses onto Somatostatin-Expressing Interneurons(1,2,3). Eneuro. 2015;2: pubmed publisher
    ..O/A-INs) area provide feedback dendritic inhibition to local pyramidal cells and express somatostatin (SOM)...
  48. Babcsányi I, Chabaux F, Granet M, Meite F, Payraudeau S, Duplay J, et al. Copper in soil fractions and runoff in a vineyard catchment: Insights from copper stable isotopes. Sci Total Environ. 2016;557-558:154-62 pubmed publisher
    ..suggested Cu isotope fractionation primarily associated with the clay and fine clay fractions that include both SOM and mineral phases. The vegetation did not affect the Cu isotope patterns in the vineyard soils...
  49. He S, Li M, Ye X, Wang H, Yu W, He W, et al. Site of metabolism prediction for oxidation reactions mediated by oxidoreductases based on chemical bond. Bioinformatics. 2017;33:363-372 pubmed publisher
    ..The in silico methods for predicting the site of metabolism (SOM) are considered to be efficient and low-cost in SOM discovery...
  50. Zhu C, Yao Y, Xiong Y, Cheng M, Chen J, Zhao R, et al. Somatostatin Neurons in the Basal Forebrain Promote High-Calorie Food Intake. Cell Rep. 2017;20:112-123 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we report that somatostatin (SOM) neurons and GABAergic (VGAT) neurons in the basal forebrain (BF) play specific roles in regulating feeding...
  51. Dai L, Wang L, Li L, Liang T, Zhang Y, Ma C, et al. Multivariate geostatistical analysis and source identification of heavy metals in the sediment of Poyang Lake in China. Sci Total Environ. 2018;621:1433-1444 pubmed publisher
    ..2-175.2, 38.3-127.6, 0.2-2.3, 22.5-77.4, and 72.3-254.4mg/kg, respectively. A self-organizing map (SOM) was applied to find the inner element relation of heavy metals in the sediment cores...
  52. Barman S, Das S, S S S, Garai S, Pochamoni R, Roy S. Selective light driven reduction of CO2 to HCOOH in water using a {MoV9}n (n = 1332-3600) based soft-oxometalate (SOM). Chem Commun (Camb). 2018;54:2369-2372 pubmed publisher
    A soft-oxometalate (SOM) based on Mo and V i.e. {MoV9} in their highest oxidation state reduces CO2 to HCOOH selectively in water...
  53. Yan D, Lo I. Enhanced multi-metal extraction with EDDS of deficient and excess dosages under the influence of dissolved and soil organic matter. Environ Pollut. 2011;159:78-83 pubmed publisher
    ..from the soil with high organic matter content using EDDS was the lowest due to the high binding affinity of Cu to SOM, whereas Zn extraction became the highest because of a preference for EDDS to extract Zn due to the high stability ..
  54. Jin Z, Zhang Z, Zhang H, Liu C, Li F. Assessment of lead bioaccessibility in soils around lead battery plants in East China. Chemosphere. 2015;119:1247-54 pubmed publisher
    ..1% to 66.9% in the gastric phase and from 0.28% to 9.29% in the gastrointestinal phase. Multiple step regressions identified modes as BAgastric=-106.8+0.627[Pb]+19.1[Fe]+11.3[SOM], and BAgastrointestinal=-2.852+0.078[Pb].
  55. Kato H, Gillet S, Isaacson J. Flexible Sensory Representations in Auditory Cortex Driven by Behavioral Relevance. Neuron. 2015;88:1027-1039 pubmed publisher
    ..enhancement in inhibition and selective upregulation in the activity of somatostatin-expressing inhibitory neurons (SOM cells)...
  56. An Y, Zou Z, Li R. Descriptive Characteristics of Surface Water Quality in Hong Kong by a Self-Organising Map. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2016;13: pubmed publisher
    In this study, principal component analysis (PCA) and a self-organising map (SOM) were used to analyse a complex dataset obtained from the river water monitoring stations in the Tolo Harbor and Channel Water Control Zone (Hong Kong), ..
  57. Latessa R, SCHMITT A, Beaty N, Buie S, Ray L. Preceptor teaching tips in longitudinal clerkships. Clin Teach. 2016;13:213-8 pubmed publisher
    ..medical student classes completing the Asheville LIC of the University of North Carolina School of Medicine (UNC SOM) formed the subject group...
  58. Dekker V, Nauta M, Mulder E, Sytema S, de Bildt A. A Fresh Pair of Eyes: A Blind Observation Method for Evaluating Social Skills of Children with ASD in a Naturalistic Peer Situation in School. J Autism Dev Disord. 2016;46:2890-904 pubmed publisher
    The Social skills Observation Measure (SOM) is a direct observation method for social skills used in naturalistic everyday situations in school...
  59. Fernandes M, Amorim J, Vasconcelos V, Teles L. Resilience assessment of a biological early warning system based on the locomotor behavior of zebrafish (Danio rerio). Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:18858-68 pubmed publisher
    ..A statistical method was developed using self-organizing map (SOM), correspondence analysis, and linear and orthogonal multiple regression models...
  60. He X, Fan Q. Investigating the effect of landfill leachates on the characteristics of dissolved organic matter in groundwater using excitation-emission matrix fluorescence spectra coupled with fluorescence regional integration and self-organizing map. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:21229-21237 pubmed
    ..matrix (EEM) fluorescence spectra combined with fluorescence regional integration (FRI) and self-organizing map (SOM). The results showed that the groundwater DOM comprised humic-, fulvic-, and protein-like substances...
  61. Siles J, Cajthaml T, Minerbi S, Margesin R. Effect of altitude and season on microbial activity, abundance and community structure in Alpine forest soils. FEMS Microbiol Ecol. 2016;92: pubmed publisher
    ..Increased levels of soil organic matter (SOM) and nutrients were found at higher altitudes and in autumn, resulting in a significant increase of (soil dry-mass ..
  62. Wu P, Wu W, Han Z, Yang H. Desorption and mobilization of three strobilurin fungicides in three types of soil. Environ Monit Assess. 2016;188:363 pubmed publisher
    ..Soil properties including soil organic matter (SOM), pH, and cationic exchange capacity (CEC) affected the adsorption/desorption of the fungicides...
  63. Chang F, Huang C, Cheng S, Chang L. Conservation of groundwater from over-exploitation-Scientific analyses for groundwater resources management. Sci Total Environ. 2017;598:828-838 pubmed publisher
    ..of regional groundwater levels by using the principal component analysis (PCA), and the self-organizing map (SOM) with regression analysis...
  64. Ye J, Witter M, Moser M, Moser E. Entorhinal fast-spiking speed cells project to the hippocampus. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115:E1627-E1636 pubmed publisher
    ..This projection contains parvalbumin (PV) but not somatostatin (SOM)-immunopositive cells...
  65. Dai S, Zhao L, Teng Y, Wang X, Ren W. Effect of composition and microstructure of humic acid on 3,3',4,4'-tetrachlorobiphenyl sorption. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:14656-14665 pubmed publisher
    ..persistent organic compounds, in soils was markedly affected by their sorption/desorption on soil organic matters (SOM) due to high hydrophobicity of PCBs...
  66. Honkaniemi J, Pelto Huikko M, Rechardt L, Isola J, Lammi A, Fuxe K, et al. Colocalization of peptide and glucocorticoid receptor immunoreactivities in rat central amygdaloid nucleus. Neuroendocrinology. 1992;55:451-9 pubmed
    ..majority of corticotrophin-releasing factor (CRF)-, met-enkephalin (met-ENK)-, neurotensin (NT)- and somatostatin (SOM)-IR neurons contained also GR-IR...
  67. Kwon S, Jeong W, Park D, Kim K, Cho K. A multivariate study for characterizing particulate matter (PM(10), PM(2.5), and PM(1)) in Seoul metropolitan subway stations, Korea. J Hazard Mater. 2015;297:295-303 pubmed publisher
    ..Principal component analysis (PCA) and self-organizing map (SOM) were employed, through which we found that the number of trains influences PM concentration in the vicinity of ..
  68. Usyskin A, Bukhanovsky N, Borisover M. Interactions of triclosan, gemfibrozil and galaxolide with biosolid-amended soils: Effects of the level and nature of soil organic matter. Chemosphere. 2015;138:272-80 pubmed publisher
    ..This may be related with more hydrophobic and/or less rigid soil organic matter (SOM) as compared with the clay-containing soils, implying indirect effects of minerals...
  69. Bai J, Jia J, Zhang G, Zhao Q, Lu Q, Cui B, et al. Spatial and temporal dynamics of heavy metal pollution and source identification in sediment cores from the short-term flooding riparian wetlands in a Chinese delta. Environ Pollut. 2016;219:379-388 pubmed publisher
    ..Cd was significantly correlated with salinity (p < 0.01) and pH (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, these heavy metals were also significantly correlated with other properties such as S, Al, TP, SOM and Silt + Clay.
  70. de Oliveira Neto O, Arenas A, Fostier A. Sorption of thiabendazole in sub-tropical Brazilian soils. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:16503-16512 pubmed publisher
    ..The highest correlations K F vs SOM (r = 0.70) and K F vs clay content (r = 0.91) were observed at pH 3.8-4.2...
  71. Hadjisolomou E, Stefanidis K, Papatheodorou G, Papastergiadou E. Assessment of the Eutrophication-Related Environmental Parameters in Two Mediterranean Lakes by Integrating Statistical Techniques and Self-Organizing Maps. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2018;15: pubmed publisher
    ..For this purpose, principal components analysis (PCA), cluster analysis, and a self-organizing map (SOM) were applied, using water quality data from two transboundary lakes of North Greece...
  72. Wang Y, Liu C, Lee J. Differentiating the Spatiotemporal Distribution of Natural and Anthropogenic Processes on River Water-Quality Variation Using a Self-Organizing Map With Factor Analysis. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2015;69:254-63 pubmed publisher
    ..measure of river water quality in the Taipei metropolitan area, this study applied the self-organizing map (SOM) technique with factor analysis (FA) to differentiate the spatiotemporal distribution of natural and anthropogenic ..
  73. Wang J, Li Y, Yang Y, Du J, Zhang S, Yang L. In silico research to assist the investigation of carboxamide derivatives as potent TRPV1 antagonists. Mol Biosyst. 2015;11:2885-99 pubmed publisher
    ..verify the rationality of the random division method for splitting the dataset, we also used a self-organizing map (SOM) division approach for establishing the QSAR models...
  74. Muñoz I, Martín Torre M, Galán B, Viguri J. Assessment by self-organizing maps of element release from sediments in contact with acidified seawater in laboratory leaching test conditions. Environ Monit Assess. 2015;187:748 pubmed publisher
    ..This work employs a self-organizing map (SOM) tool to interpret and analyze the release of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn from ..
  75. Kanzaki N, Kataoka T, Etani R, Sasaoka K, Kanagawa A, Yamaoka K. Analysis of liver damage from radon, X-ray, or alcohol treatments in mice using a self-organizing map. J Radiat Res. 2017;58:33-40 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, we proposed an approach for analysing oxidative liver damage via use of a self-organizing map (SOM)-a novel and comprehensive technique for evaluating hepatic and antioxidative function...
  76. Clemente Perez A, Makinson S, Higashikubo B, Brovarney S, Cho F, Urry A, et al. Distinct Thalamic Reticular Cell Types Differentially Modulate Normal and Pathological Cortical Rhythms. Cell Rep. 2017;19:2130-2142 pubmed publisher
    ..physiology, and circuit functions of neurons within rodent nRT, based on parvalbumin (PV) and somatostatin (SOM) expression, and validated the existence of such populations in human nRT...
  77. Qu C, Dang Y, Tang J. Administration of somatostatin analog octreotide in the ventrolateral orbital cortex produces sex-related antinociceptive effects on acute and formalin-induced nociceptive behavior in rats. Neurochem Int. 2015;87:77-84 pubmed publisher
    ..Pretreatment with a nonselective somatostatin receptor antagonist cyclo-somatostatin (c-SOM) (25.0 µg in 0.5 µl) into the VLO antagonized 10.0 ng OCT-induced inhibition of the TF reflex in female rats...
  78. Hunt S, Sun Y, Kucukdereli H, Klein R, Sah P. Intrinsic Circuits in the Lateral Central Amygdala. Eneuro. 2017;4: pubmed publisher
    ..patch-clamp recordings, immunohistochemistry, and optogenetics in C57BL/6J wild-type and somatostatin-cre (SOM-Cre) mice...
  79. Liu M, Barton E, Jennings R, Oldenburg D, Whirry J, White D, et al. Unsupervised learning techniques reveal heterogeneity in memory CD8+ T cell differentiation following acute, chronic and latent viral infections. Virology. 2017;509:266-279 pubmed publisher
    ..By performing k-means clustering and generating self organizing maps (SOM), we observed increased short-lived effector-like, CD27lo CD62Llo and ..
  80. Funk C, Peelman K, Bellesi M, Marshall W, Cirelli C, Tononi G. Role of Somatostatin-Positive Cortical Interneurons in the Generation of Sleep Slow Waves. J Neurosci. 2017;37:9132-9148 pubmed publisher
    ..We studied cortical inhibitory interneurons that express somatostatin (SOM), because ∼70% of them are Martinotti cells that target diffusely layer I and can block excitatory transmission ..
  81. Adesnik H. Synaptic Mechanisms of Feature Coding in the Visual Cortex of Awake Mice. Neuron. 2017;95:1147-1159.e4 pubmed publisher
    ..Suppressing somatostatin (SOM) neurons enhanced the E and I underlying size tuning, explaining SOM neurons' role in surround suppression...
  82. Safari M, Mirnajafi Zadeh J, Hioki H, Tsumoto T. Parvalbumin-expressing interneurons can act solo while somatostatin-expressing interneurons act in chorus in most cases on cortical pyramidal cells. Sci Rep. 2017;7:12764 pubmed publisher
    ..divided into several subtypes, in which the two major groups are those expressing parvalbumin (PV) or somatostatin (SOM)...
  83. Zhang H, Chen S, Liu J, Zhou Z, Wu T. An incremental anomaly detection model for virtual machines. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0187488 pubmed publisher
    Self-Organizing Map (SOM) algorithm as an unsupervised learning method has been applied in anomaly detection due to its capabilities of self-organizing and automatic anomaly prediction...
  84. Caddy J, Wilanowski T, Darido C, Dworkin S, Ting S, Zhao Q, et al. Epidermal wound repair is regulated by the planar cell polarity signaling pathway. Dev Cell. 2010;19:138-47 pubmed publisher
    ..These results define a role for Grhl3 in PCP signaling and broadly implicate this pathway in epidermal repair. ..
  85. Salazar V, Ohte S, Capelo L, Gamer L, Rosen V. Specification of osteoblast cell fate by canonical Wnt signaling requires Bmp2. Development. 2016;143:4352-4367 pubmed
    ..The Runx2/Osx1 transition therefore receives crucial regulatory inputs from BMP2 that are not compensated for by cWnt signaling, and this is mediated at least in part by induction and activation of Grhl3. ..
  86. Cooke D, McCoy D, Halbach V, Hetts S, Amans M, Dowd C, et al. Endovascular Biopsy: In Vivo Cerebral Aneurysm Endothelial Cell Sampling and Gene Expression Analysis. Transl Stroke Res. 2018;9:20-33 pubmed publisher
    ..MCA and SOM analyses identified a population of outlying cells characterized by cell marker gene expression profiles different ..
  87. Palus K, Bulc M, Całka J. Changes in Somatostatin-Like Immunoreactivity in the Sympathetic Neurons Projecting to the Prepyloric Area of the Porcine Stomach Induced by Selected Pathological Conditions. Biomed Res Int. 2017;2017:9037476 pubmed publisher
    The aim of the present study was to define changes in the expression of somatostatin (SOM) in the sympathetic perikarya innervating the porcine stomach prepyloric area during acetylsalicylic-acid-induced gastritis (ASA) and ..
  88. Cheng F, Liu S, Yin Y, Zhang Y, Zhao Q, Dong S. Identifying trace metal distribution and occurrence in sediments, inundated soils, and non-flooded soils of a reservoir catchment using Self-Organizing Maps, an artificial neural network method. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:19992-20004 pubmed publisher
    ..with land-use, flooding, topographic, and location characteristics, were analyzed using the Self-Organizing Map (SOM) methodology...
  89. Gontijo E, Watanabe C, Monteiro A, da Silva G, Roeser H, Rosa A, et al. Effects of Fe(III) and quality of humic substances on As(V) distribution in freshwater: Use of ultrafiltration and Kohonen neural network. Chemosphere. 2017;188:208-217 pubmed publisher
    ..All data was analysed using the Kohonen neural network (SOM - Self organising maps). All samples, except Selke, exhibited similar results of free As (<1 kDa)...
  90. OVIEDO H. Connectivity motifs of inhibitory neurons in the mouse Auditory Cortex. Sci Rep. 2017;7:16987 pubmed publisher
    ..We compared excitatory input to parvalbumin (PV) and somatostatin (SOM)-expressing interneurons and found distinct circuit-motifs between and within these subpopulations...
  91. Bhandari A, Gordon W, Dizon D, Hopkin A, Gordon E, Yu Z, et al. The Grainyhead transcription factor Grhl3/Get1 suppresses miR-21 expression and tumorigenesis in skin: modulation of the miR-21 target MSH2 by RNA-binding protein DND1. Oncogene. 2013;32:1497-507 pubmed publisher
    ..These findings indicate that decreased Grhl3 expression contributes to tumor progression and upregulation of the oncomir miR-21 in squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. ..
  92. Hopkin A, Gordon W, Klein R, Espitia F, Daily K, Zeller M, et al. GRHL3/GET1 and trithorax group members collaborate to activate the epidermal progenitor differentiation program. PLoS Genet. 2012;8:e1002829 pubmed publisher
    ..The differentiation associated transcription factor GRHL3/GET1 recruits the ubiquitously expressed Trithorax complex to a subset of differentiation genes. ..