Gene Symbol: SNRPB
Description: small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptides B and B1
Alias: CCMS, COD, SNRPB1, Sm-B/B', SmB/B', SmB/SmB', snRNP-B, small nuclear ribonucleoprotein-associated proteins B and B', B polypeptide of Sm protein, Sm protein B/B', sm-B/Sm-B', small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptide B, small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptides B and B'
Species: human
Products:     SNRPB

Top Publications

  1. Friesen W, Paushkin S, Wyce A, Massenet S, Pesiridis G, Van Duyne G, et al. The methylosome, a 20S complex containing JBP1 and pICln, produces dimethylarginine-modified Sm proteins. Mol Cell Biol. 2001;21:8289-300 pubmed
  2. Friesen W, Wyce A, Paushkin S, Abel L, Rappsilber J, Mann M, et al. A novel WD repeat protein component of the methylosome binds Sm proteins. J Biol Chem. 2002;277:8243-7 pubmed
  3. Nelissen R, Will C, van Venrooij W, Luhrmann R. The association of the U1-specific 70K and C proteins with U1 snRNPs is mediated in part by common U snRNP proteins. EMBO J. 1994;13:4113-25 pubmed
    ..A model for the assembly of U1 snRNP is presented in which the complex of common proteins on the RNA backbone functions as a platform for the association of the U1-specific proteins. ..
  4. Bedford M, Reed R, Leder P. WW domain-mediated interactions reveal a spliceosome-associated protein that binds a third class of proline-rich motif: the proline glycine and methionine-rich motif. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1998;95:10602-7 pubmed
    ..Thus, FBP21 may play a role in cross-intron bridging of U1 and U2 snRNPs in the mammalian A complex. ..
  5. Hebert M, Szymczyk P, Shpargel K, Matera A. Coilin forms the bridge between Cajal bodies and SMN, the spinal muscular atrophy protein. Genes Dev. 2001;15:2720-9 pubmed
    ..A cardinal feature of SMA patient cells is a defect in the targeting of SMN to nuclear foci; our results uncover a role for coilin in this process...
  6. Meister G, Eggert C, Buhler D, Brahms H, Kambach C, Fischer U. Methylation of Sm proteins by a complex containing PRMT5 and the putative U snRNP assembly factor pICln. Curr Biol. 2001;11:1990-4 pubmed
    ..Our data suggest that the pICln complex regulates an early step in the assembly of U snRNPs, possibly the transfer of Sm proteins to the SMN-complex. ..
  7. Narayanan U, Achsel T, Luhrmann R, Matera A. Coupled in vitro import of U snRNPs and SMN, the spinal muscular atrophy protein. Mol Cell. 2004;16:223-34 pubmed
    ..Thus, import of SMN and U snRNPs are coupled in vitro. Furthermore, we identify nuclear import defects in SMA patient-derived SMN mutants, uncovering a potential mechanism for SMN dysfunction. ..
  8. Pomeranz Krummel D, Oubridge C, Leung A, Li J, Nagai K. Crystal structure of human spliceosomal U1 snRNP at 5.5 A resolution. Nature. 2009;458:475-80 pubmed publisher
    ..The structure of U1 snRNP provides insights into U1 snRNP assembly and suggests a possible mechanism of 5'-splice-site recognition. ..
  9. Urlaub H, Raker V, Kostka S, Luhrmann R. Sm protein-Sm site RNA interactions within the inner ring of the spliceosomal snRNP core structure. EMBO J. 2001;20:187-96 pubmed
    ..Our results thus provide the first evidence that, within the core snRNP, multiple Sm protein-Sm site RNA contacts occur on the inner surface of the heptameric Sm protein ring. ..

More Information

Publications127 found, 100 shown here

  1. Liu Q, Fischer U, Wang F, Dreyfuss G. The spinal muscular atrophy disease gene product, SMN, and its associated protein SIP1 are in a complex with spliceosomal snRNP proteins. Cell. 1997;90:1013-21 pubmed
    ..These findings suggest a role for SMN and SIP1 in spliceosomal snRNP biogenesis and function and provide a likely molecular mechanism for the cause of SMA. ..
  2. Kambach C, Walke S, Young R, Avis J, de La Fortelle E, Raker V, et al. Crystal structures of two Sm protein complexes and their implications for the assembly of the spliceosomal snRNPs. Cell. 1999;96:375-87 pubmed
    ..The crystal structures suggest that the seven Sm proteins could form a closed ring and the snRNAs may be bound in the positively charged central hole. ..
  3. Charroux B, Pellizzoni L, Perkinson R, Shevchenko A, Mann M, Dreyfuss G. Gemin3: A novel DEAD box protein that interacts with SMN, the spinal muscular atrophy gene product, and is a component of gems. J Cell Biol. 1999;147:1181-94 pubmed
    ..The presence of a DEAD box motif in Gemin3 suggests that it may provide the catalytic activity that plays a critical role in the function of the SMN complex on RNPs. ..
  4. Brahms H, Meheus L, de Brabandere V, Fischer U, Luhrmann R. Symmetrical dimethylation of arginine residues in spliceosomal Sm protein B/B' and the Sm-like protein LSm4, and their interaction with the SMN protein. RNA. 2001;7:1531-42 pubmed
    ..Our demonstration of sDMAs in LSm4 suggests additional functions of sDMAs in tri-UsnRNP biogenesis and mRNA decay. Our findings also have interesting implications for the understanding of the aetiology of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA). ..
  5. Sleeman J, Lamond A. Newly assembled snRNPs associate with coiled bodies before speckles, suggesting a nuclear snRNP maturation pathway. Curr Biol. 1999;9:1065-74 pubmed
    ..These include speckles, coiled bodies and nucleoli, in addition to a diffuse nucleoplasmic compartment. The reasons for snRNP accumulation in these different structures are unclear...
  6. Buhler D, Raker V, Luhrmann R, Fischer U. Essential role for the tudor domain of SMN in spliceosomal U snRNP assembly: implications for spinal muscular atrophy. Hum Mol Genet. 1999;8:2351-7 pubmed
    ..Thus, our data show that SMN is an essential U snRNP assembly factor and establish a direct correlation between defects in the biogenesis of U snRNPs and SMA. ..
  7. Weber G, Trowitzsch S, Kastner B, Luhrmann R, Wahl M. Functional organization of the Sm core in the crystal structure of human U1 snRNP. EMBO J. 2010;29:4172-84 pubmed publisher
    ..The intricate, multi-layered interplay of proteins and RNA rationalizes the hierarchical assembly of U snRNPs in vitro and in vivo. ..
  8. Charroux B, Pellizzoni L, Perkinson R, Yong J, Shevchenko A, Mann M, et al. Gemin4. A novel component of the SMN complex that is found in both gems and nucleoli. J Cell Biol. 2000;148:1177-86 pubmed
    ..Interestingly, Gemin4 is also detected in the nucleoli, suggesting that the SMN complex may also function in preribosomal RNA processing or ribosome assembly. ..
  9. Zhao C, Zhu L, Li R, Wang H, Cai Z. Omics approach reveals metabolic disorders associated with the cytotoxicity of airborne particulate matter in human lung carcinoma cells. Environ Pollut. 2019;246:45-52 pubmed publisher
    ..splicing factor 1 (SRSF1), SRSF2, small nuclear ribonucleoprotein 70 kDa (snRNP70), small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptide B (SNRPB), SNRPC, SNRPE and down-regulated heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U-like 2 (..
  10. Thompson L, Morrison K, Shirran S, Groen E, Gillingwater T, Botting C, et al. Neurochondrin interacts with the SMN protein suggesting a novel mechanism for spinal muscular atrophy pathology. J Cell Sci. 2018;131: pubmed publisher
    ..We previously identified microtubule-dependent mobile vesicles rich in SMN and SNRPB, a member of the Sm family of small nuclear ribonucleoprotein (snRNP)-associated proteins, in neural cells...
  11. Wang H, Demirkan G, Bian X, Wallstrom G, Barker K, Karthikeyan K, et al. Identification of Antibody Against SNRPB, Small Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein-Associated Proteins B and B', as an Autoantibody Marker in Crohn's Disease using an Immunoproteomics Approach. J Crohns Colitis. 2017;11:848-856 pubmed publisher
    ..Four IgA autoantibodies against SNRPB, PRPH, PTTG1 and SNAI1 were newly identified with sensitivities above 15% at 95% specificity, among which anti-..
  12. Al Gayyar M, Alyoussef A, Hamdan A, Abbas A, Darweish M, El Hawwary A. Cod liver oil ameliorates sodium nitrite-induced insulin resistance and degradation of rat hepatic glycogen through inhibition of cAMP/PKA pathway. Life Sci. 2015;120:13-21 pubmed publisher
    ..Therefore, we examined the impact of dietary sodium nitrite and cod liver oil on liver glycogen...
  13. Lee M, Lin Y, Deng Y, Hsu W, Shen C, Cheng Y, et al. Modulation of alternative splicing by expression of small nuclear ribonucleoprotein polypeptide N. FEBS J. 2014;281:5194-207 pubmed publisher
    ..SmB/B' expression decreased dramatically, despite only small changes in the level and splicing pattern of SNRPB mRNA. In addition, SmN was incorporated into the U2 snRNP but not into the U1 snRNP after induction...
  14. Wang N, Zhang D, Zhang Y, Xu W, Wang Y, Zhong P, et al. Endothelium corneum gigeriae galli extract inhibits calcium oxalate formation and exerts anti-urolithic effects. J Ethnopharmacol. 2019;231:80-89 pubmed publisher
    ..In the presence of ECGG extract, calcium oxalate dihydrate (COD) crystals with typical tetragonal bipyramidal morphology were obtained; meanwhile, the formation of calcium oxalate ..
  15. Lu X, Zhou F, Dong Y, Gong L, Li Q, Tang L, et al. Codonopsis tangshen Oliv. Amelioration Effect on Diabetic Kidney Disease Rats Induced by High Fat Diet Feeding Combined with Streptozotocin. Nat Prod Bioprospect. 2018;8:441-451 pubmed publisher
    ..This study aimed to investigate the melioration effect of Codonopisis tangshen Oliv. (COD) on the DKD model, which was established by unilateral nephrectomy (UN)-high fat diet feeding (HFD) combined with ..
  16. Zhuang X, Murphy K, Ghigliotti L, Pisano E, Cheng C. Reconstruction of the repetitive antifreeze glycoprotein genomic loci in the cold-water gadids Boreogadus saida and Microgadus tomcod. Mar Genomics. 2018;39:73-84 pubmed publisher
    Antifreeze glycoproteins (AFGPs) are a novel evolutionary innovation in members of the northern cod fish family (Gadidae), crucial in preventing death from inoculative freezing by environmental ice in their frigid Arctic and sub-Arctic ..
  17. Vieweg I, Bilbao E, Meador J, Cancio I, Bender M, Cajaraville M, et al. Effects of dietary crude oil exposure on molecular and physiological parameters related to lipid homeostasis in polar cod (Boreogadus saida). Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 2018;206-207:54-64 pubmed publisher
    Polar cod is an abundant Arctic key species, inhabiting an ecosystem that is subjected to rapid climate change and increased petroleum related activities...
  18. Sharma S, Chhibber S, Mohan H, Sharma S. Dietary supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids ameliorates acute pneumonia induced by Klebsiella pneumoniae in BALB/c mice. Can J Microbiol. 2013;59:503-10 pubmed publisher
    ..Three different n-3 PUFA preparations (cod liver oil, Maxigard, and flaxseed oil) were orally supplemented and infection was induced in different groups of ..
  19. Geay F, Mellery J, Tinti E, Douxfils J, Larondelle Y, Mandiki S, et al. Effects of dietary linseed oil on innate immune system of Eurasian perch and disease resistance after exposure to Aeromonas salmonicida achromogen. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;47:782-96 pubmed publisher
    ..A control diet containing fish oil (FO = cod liver oil) and characterized by high levels of n-3 high LC-PUFA (6% EPA, 7...
  20. Kokkinos P, Mandilara G, Nikolaidou A, Velegraki A, Theodoratos P, Kampa D, et al. Performance of three small-scale wastewater treatment plants. A challenge for possible re use. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2015;22:17744-52 pubmed publisher
    ..Physicochemical parameters were recorded (temperature, pH, COD, BOD, suspended solids, conductivity), and meteorological data were collected (air temperature, rain)...
  21. Mitra T, Mahanty A, Ganguly S, Purohit G, Mohanty S, Parida P, et al. Expression patterns of heat shock protein genes in Rita rita from natural riverine habitat as biomarker response against environmental pollution. Chemosphere. 2018;211:535-546 pubmed publisher
    ..Water quality characteristics were measured in terms of physico-chemical characteristics (DO, BOD, COD, pH, conductivity), element profile (arsenic, mercury, cadmium, lead, chromium, zinc, copper) and persistent ..
  22. Herrera M, Herves M, Giráldez I, Skar K, Mogren H, Mortensen A, et al. Effects of amino acid supplementations on metabolic and physiological parameters in Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) under stress. Fish Physiol Biochem. 2017;43:591-602 pubmed publisher
    ..of tryptophan (Trp) and phenylalanine (Phe) diet supplementation on the stress and metabolism of the Atlantic cod have been studied. Fish were fed diet supplemented with Trp or Phe or control diet for 1 week...
  23. Mao M, Wen S, Perálvarez Marín A, Li H, Jiang J, Jiang Z, et al. Evidence for and characterization of nervous necrosis virus infection in Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus). Arch Virol. 2015;160:2237-48 pubmed publisher
    A mortality rate higher than 90% was observed in a larva-rearing facility for Pacific cod, Gadus macrocephalus, in China. Larvae showing clinical signs of infection were collected...
  24. Takei Y, Tsuchida T, Li Z, Conlon J. Antidipsogenic effects of eel bradykinins in the eel Anguilla japonica. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2001;281:R1090-6 pubmed
    ..This decapeptide, named eel [Arg(0)]BK, was identical to two previously identified BK homologs from cod and trout...
  25. Gareis N, Angeli E, Huber E, Salvetti N, Rodriguez F, Ortega H, et al. Alterations in key metabolic sensors involved in bovine cystic ovarian disease. Theriogenology. 2018;120:138-146 pubmed publisher
    ..Among these reproductive disorders, cystic ovarian disease (COD) has been related to alterations in metabolites and hormonal factors such as insulin, adiponectin and leptin...
  26. Lampe E, Zingmark C, Tandberg J, Thrane I, Brudal E, Sjostedt A, et al. Francisella noatunensis subspecies noatunensis clpB deletion mutant impairs development of francisellosis in a zebrafish model. Vaccine. 2017;35:7264-7272 pubmed publisher
    Francisella noatunensis ssp. noatunensis (F.n.n.) is the causative agent of francisellosis in Atlantic cod and constitutes one of the main challenges for future aquaculture on this species. A facultative intracellular bacterium like F.n...
  27. Drotningsvik A, Mjøs S, Høgøy I, Remman T, Gudbrandsen O. A low dietary intake of cod protein is sufficient to increase growth, improve serum and tissue fatty acid compositions, and lower serum postprandial glucose and fasting non-esterified fatty acid concentrations in obese Zucker fa/fa rats. Eur J Nutr. 2015;54:1151-60 pubmed publisher
    ..Here, we investigate whether a low dose of cod protein would affect glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism in obese Zucker fa/fa rats...
  28. Jarrett P, Scragg R. A short history of phototherapy, vitamin D and skin disease. Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2017;16:283-290 pubmed publisher
    ..b>Cod liver oil was used as a folk remedy to treat rickets prior to 1789 in Manchester, UK and sunlight was published as ..
  29. Magnadottir B, Hayes P, Hristova M, Bragason B, Nicholas A, Dodds A, et al. Post-translational protein deimination in cod (Gadus morhua L.) ontogeny novel roles in tissue remodelling and mucosal immune defences?. Dev Comp Immunol. 2018;87:157-170 pubmed publisher
    ..Deiminated proteins were detected in the early developmental stages of cod from 11 days post fertilisation to 70 days post hatching...
  30. Chen M, Fan R, Zou W, Zhou H, Tan Z, Li X. Bioaugmentation for treatment of full-scale diethylene glycol monobutyl ether (DGBE) wastewater by Serratia sp. BDG-2. J Hazard Mater. 2016;309:20-6 pubmed publisher
    ..92% COD removal after 39.9h...
  31. Mori A, Suzuki T, Nakatani Y, Sunatsuki Y, Kojima M, Nakajima K. Palladium(ii) mononuclear and palladium(ii)/ruthenium(ii) heterodinuclear complexes containing 2-quinolyl-substituted (pyridine-2-carbonyl)hydrazone. Dalton Trans. 2015;44:15757-60 pubmed publisher
    A reaction of [PdCl2(cod)] (cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) and an E/Z mixture of quinoline-2-carbaldehyde (pyridine-2-carbonyl)hydrazone (HL) gave two kinds of Pd(II) mononuclear complexes, [PdCl(Z-L-κ(3)N,N',N'')] (1) and [PdCl2(E-HL'-κ..
  32. Buonocore F, Gerdol M. Alternative adaptive immunity strategies: coelacanth, cod and shark immunity. Mol Immunol. 2016;69:157-69 pubmed publisher
    ..the current understanding of the adaptive immune system of the coelacanth, the elephant shark and the Atlantic cod. The study of coelacanth, the only living extant of the long thought to be extinct Sarcopterygian lineage, is ..
  33. de Menezes F, da Silva A, Martínez Huitle C, Zanta C, Alves J, Castro S. Electrochemical treatment of shrimp farming effluent: role of electrocatalytic material. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:6061-6070 pubmed publisher
    ..A Ti/Ru0.34Ti0.66O2 anode showed a reduction of chemical oxygen demand (COD) about 84 % after 1 h of electrolysis, while at the same time, 71 % of COD decay was achieved at Ti/Pt...
  34. Paździor K, Klepacz Smółka A, Wrębiak J, Liwarska Bizukojc E, Ledakowicz S. Biodegradability of industrial textile wastewater - batch tests. Water Sci Technol. 2016;74:1079-87 pubmed publisher over 97% reduction of biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) together with 80% reduction of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total organic carbon (TOC)...
  35. Yang L, Sun T, Liu Y, Guo H, Lv L, Zhang J, et al. Photosynthesis of alfalfa (Medicago sativa) in response to landfill leachate contamination. Chemosphere. 2017;186:743-748 pubmed publisher
    ..There were significant correlations between most of leaching parameters (pH, ammonium and COD) and Pn with correlation coefficients of 0.530, -0.580 and -0.578 (p < 0.01), respectively...
  36. Oliveira E, Silva F, Morais C, Oliveira T, Martínez Huitle C, Motheo A, et al. Performance of (in)active anodic materials for the electrooxidation of phenolic wastewaters from cashew-nut processing industry. Chemosphere. 2018;201:740-748 pubmed publisher
    ..treatment, various operating parameters were investigated, such as current density, chemical oxygen demand (COD), total phenols, O2 production, temperature, pH, as well as current efficiency and energy consumption...
  37. Hoffman K, Webster T, Weinberg J, Aschengrau A, Janulewicz P, White R, et al. Spatial analysis of learning and developmental disorders in upper Cape Cod, Massachusetts using generalized additive models. Int J Health Geogr. 2010;9:7 pubmed publisher
    The spatial variability of three indicators of learning and developmental disability (LDD) was assessed for Cape Cod, Massachusetts...
  38. de Hoyo M, Sañudo B, Carrasco L, Mateo Cortes J, Domínguez Cobo S, Fernandes O, et al. Effects of 10-week eccentric overload training on kinetic parameters during change of direction in football players. J Sports Sci. 2016;34:1380-7 pubmed publisher
    ..was to analyse the effect of 10-week eccentric overload training on kinetic parameters during change of direction (COD) in U-19 football players...
  39. Zhang Z. Treatment of oilfield wastewater by combined process of micro-electrolysis, Fenton oxidation and coagulation. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:3278-3288 pubmed publisher
    ..Micro-electrolysis and Fenton oxidation were applied to reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD) organic load and to enhance organic components gradability, respectively...
  40. Ishak A, Hamid F, Mohamad S, Tay K. Stabilized landfill leachate treatment by coagulation-flocculation coupled with UV-based sulfate radical oxidation process. Waste Manag. 2018;76:575-581 pubmed publisher
    ..coupled with UV-based sulfate radical oxidation process (UV/SRAOP) in the removal of chemical oxygen demand (COD) of stabilized landfill leachate (SLL) was evaluated...
  41. Lingen V, Lüning A, Krest A, Deacon G, Schur J, Ott I, et al. Labile Pd-sulphur and Pt-sulphur bonds in organometallic palladium and platinum complexes [(COD)M(alkyl)(S-ligand)]n+-A speciation study. J Inorg Biochem. 2016;165:119-127 pubmed publisher
    ..SEt2, StBu2, SnBu2, DMSO, DPSO) with the precursors [(COD)M(R)Cl] (COD=1,5-cyclooctadiene, M=Pd or Pt; R=methyl (Me) or benzyl (Bn); DMSO=dimethyl sulfoxide; DPSO=diphenyl ..
  42. Negi S, Dhar H, Hussain A, Kumar S. Biomethanation potential for co-digestion of municipal solid waste and rice straw: A batch study. Bioresour Technol. 2018;254:139-144 pubmed publisher
    ..1?d-1, 0.99 CH4-COD/CODfed and 0.50?g CH4-COD/g VSS, respectively...
  43. Buffiere P, Dooms M, Hattou S, Benbelkacem H. The hydrolytic stage in high solids temperature phased anaerobic digestion improves the downstream methane production rate. Bioresour Technol. 2018;259:111-118 pubmed publisher
    ..Higher temperatures improved the amount of solubilized COD, which confirmed previously reported results. Nevertheless, solubilization mostly took place during the first 24?h...
  44. Gallen A, Orgué S, Muller G, Escudero Adán E, Riera A, Verdaguer X, et al. Synthesis and coordination chemistry of enantiopure t-BuMeP(O)H. Dalton Trans. 2018;47:5366-5379 pubmed publisher
    ..Complexes [MCl(COD)(κP-(R)-1)] (M = Ir, Rh; 4 and 7 respectively) have been detected in solution but could not be isolated while ..
  45. Masłoń A, Tomaszek J. A study on the use of the BioBall® as a biofilm carrier in a sequencing batch reactor. Bioresour Technol. 2015;196:577-85 pubmed publisher
    ..84-0.978gCODL(-1)d(-1). The average removal efficiencies for COD, total nitrogen and total phosphorus were found to be 97.7±0.5%, 87.8±2.6% and 94.3±1.3%, respectively...
  46. He R, Wei X, Tian B, Su Y, Lu Y. Characterization of a joint recirculation of concentrated leachate and leachate to landfills with a microaerobic bioreactor for leachate treatment. Waste Manag. 2015;46:380-8 pubmed publisher
    ..After 390 days of operation, the discharge of COD and total nitrogen (TN) from the landfill with leachate pretreatment by a microaerobic reactor was 7.4 and 0...
  47. Yun Y, Kim D, Cho S, Shin H, Jung K, Kim H. Mitigation of ammonia inhibition by internal dilution in high-rate anaerobic digestion of food waste leachate and evidences of microbial community response. Biotechnol Bioeng. 2016;113:1892-901 pubmed publisher
    ..concentration as low as 62 mg/L even at HRT 30 days, which corresponds to organic loading rate of 5 g COD/L/d, demonstrating CH4 yield of 0.32 L CH4 /g CODadded ...
  48. Hassan M, Wang X, Wang F, Wu D, Hussain A, Xie B. Coupling ARB-based biological and photochemical (UV/TiO2 and UV/S2O82-) techniques to deal with sanitary landfill leachate. Waste Manag. 2017;63:292-298 pubmed publisher
    ..The results obtained after ARB based pre-treatment demonstrated a mean 72%, 81% and 92% degradation of COD, NH4N and TN, respectively...
  49. Watari T, Cuong Mai T, Tanikawa D, Hirakata Y, Hatamoto M, Syutsubo K, et al. Development of downflow hanging sponge (DHS) reactor as post treatment of existing combined anaerobic tank treating natural rubber processing wastewater. Water Sci Technol. 2017;75:57-68 pubmed publisher
    ..2 ± 7.5% and 55.3 ± 19.2% for total chemical oxygen demand (COD) and total nitrogen, respectively, with an organic loading rate of 0.97 ± 0...
  50. Amaral M, Gomes R, Brasil Y, Oliveira S, Moravia W. Performance evaluation of startup for a yeast membrane bioreactor (MBRy) treating landfill leachate. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2017;52:1352-1360 pubmed publisher
    ..After the acclimation period, the COD and NH3 removal efficiency reached values of 72 ± 3% and 39 ± 2% respectively...
  51. Ji X, Zhang W, Jiang M, He J, Zheng Z. Black-odor water analysis and heavy metal distribution of Yitong River in Northeast China. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:2051-2064 pubmed publisher
    ..21 [CODCr] + 0.18 [DO] - 0.36[NH3-N] + 0.91...
  52. Musa H, Hassan L, Shamsuddin Z, Panchadcharam C, Zakaria Z, Aziz S. Physicochemical properties associated with the presence of Burkholderia pseudomallei in small ruminant farm water supplies in Peninsular Malaysia. Environ Monit Assess. 2018;190:241 pubmed publisher
    ..that included temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO2), optical density (OD), and chemical oxygen demand (COD) were measured after which the samples were cultured for B. pseudomallei...
  53. Stapp L, Kreiss C, Pörtner H, Lannig G. Differential impacts of elevated CO2 and acidosis on the energy budget of gill and liver cells from Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua. Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol. 2015;187:160-7 pubmed publisher
    ..the effects of extracellular hypercapnia and acidosis on energy metabolism of gill and liver cells of Atlantic cod. Exposure media mimicked blood conditions in vivo, either during normo- or hypercapnia and at control or acidic ..
  54. Xin Y, Lu L, Wang Q, Zhang L, Tong Y, Wang W. Coenzyme-like ligands for affinity isolation of cholesterol oxidase. J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2016;1021:169-174 pubmed publisher
    Two coenzyme-like chemical ligands were designed and synthesized for affinity isolation of cholesterol oxidase (COD)...
  55. Ismail S, Tawfik A. Treatment of hazardous landfill leachate using Fenton process followed by a combined (UASB/DHS) system. Water Sci Technol. 2016;73:1700-8 pubmed publisher
    ..A higher COD fractions removal was obtained when HLL was pre-treated by Fenton reagent...
  56. Scholes E, Verheyen V, Brook Carter P. A review of practical tools for rapid monitoring of membrane bioreactors. Water Res. 2016;102:252-262 pubmed publisher
    ..and nitrogen analysis offer significant advantages over the commonly used chemical and biological oxygen demand (COD/BOD) analyses...
  57. Sánchez P, Hernández Juárez M, Alvarez E, Paneque M, Rendón N, Suarez A. Synthesis, structure and reactivity of Pd and Ir complexes based on new lutidine-derived NHC/phosphine mixed pincer ligands. Dalton Trans. 2016;45:16997-17009 pubmed
    ..A series of cationic [Ir(CNP)(cod)]+ complexes 4 has been prepared by reaction of the imidazolium salts 1 with Ir(acac)(cod)...
  58. Gu J, Xu G, Liu Y. An integrated AMBBR and IFAS-SBR process for municipal wastewater treatment towards enhanced energy recovery, reduced energy consumption and sludge production. Water Res. 2017;110:262-269 pubmed publisher
    ..reported a novel A-B process in which an anaerobic moving bed biofilm reactor (AMBBR) served a lead A-stage for COD capture towards biogas production and an integrated fixed-biofilm and activated sludge sequencing batch reactor (..
  59. Sakizadeh M. Assessment the performance of classification methods in water quality studies, A case study in Karaj River. Environ Monit Assess. 2015;187:573 pubmed publisher
    ..Bayesian classification methods were applied at nine sampling stations with respect to four parameters including COD, nitrite, nitrate, and total coliforms (selected from ten water quality variables) in Karaj River, Iran...
  60. Sindhwani N, Barbosa D, Alessandrini M, Heyde B, Dietz H, D hooge J, et al. Semi-automatic outlining of levator hiatus. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2016;48:98-105 pubmed publisher
    ..Each of these metrics was calculated both for computer-observer differences (COD) and for interobserver differences...
  61. Ren Y, Yuan Y, Lai B, Zhou Y, Wang J. Treatment of reverse osmosis (RO) concentrate by the combined Fe/Cu/air and Fenton process (1stFe/Cu/air-Fenton-2ndFe/Cu/air). J Hazard Mater. 2016;302:36-44 pubmed publisher
    ..The results suggest that the developed method could obtain high COD removal (65.1%) and BOD5/COD ratio (0.26) due to the synergistic reaction between Fe/Cu/air and Fenton...
  62. Hou Q, Pei H, Hu W, Jiang L, Yu Z. Mutual facilitations of food waste treatment, microbial fuel cell bioelectricity generation and Chlorella vulgaris lipid production. Bioresour Technol. 2016;203:50-5 pubmed publisher
    ..Maximum COD removal efficiency was registered with 44% and 25 g CODL(-1)d(-1) of substrate degradation rate when inoculated ..
  63. Pongpiachan S. Assessment of Reliability when Using Diagnostic Binary Ratios of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Ambient Air PM10. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2015;16:8605-11 pubmed
    ..on the alterations of PAH diagnostic binary ratios by applying the concept of the coefficient of divergence (COD)...
  64. Oliveira G, Santos Neto A, Zaiat M. Removal of the veterinary antimicrobial sulfamethazine in a horizontal-flow anaerobic immobilized biomass (HAIB) reactor subjected to step changes in the applied organic loading rate. J Environ Manage. 2017;204:674-683 pubmed publisher
    ..7 ± 0.4 kg O2 m-3 d-1 when a significant increase in COD removal rate was observed. The SMZ removal rate was positively correlated (r = 0...
  65. Yu H, Jiang J, Zhao Q, Wang K, Zhang Y, Zheng Z, et al. Bioelectrochemically-assisted anaerobic composting process enhancing compost maturity of dewatered sludge with synchronous electricity generation. Bioresour Technol. 2015;193:1-7 pubmed publisher
    ..Results revealed that the AnCBE yielded a voltage of 0.60 ± 0.02 V, and total COD (TCOD) removal reached 19.8 ± 0.2% at the end of 35 d. The maximum power density was 5.6 W/m(3)...
  66. Oloibiri V, Ufomba I, Chys M, Audenaert W, Demeestere K, Van Hulle S. A comparative study on the efficiency of ozonation and coagulation-flocculation as pretreatment to activated carbon adsorption of biologically stabilized landfill leachate. Waste Manag. 2015;43:335-42 pubmed publisher
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    ..The results showed that the raw wastewater generated from three MSW transfer stations had pH of 4.2-6.0, COD 40,000-70,000mg/L, BOD5 15,000-25,000mg/L, ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) 400-700mg/L, total nitrogen (TN) 600-1500mg/L, ..
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    ..Batch AD was analyzed at substrate concentrations of 1-50g total chemical oxygen demand (COD)L(-1) using response surface methodology...
  69. Knap A, Turner N, Bera G, Renegar D, Frank T, Sericano J, et al. Short-term toxicity of 1-methylnaphthalene to Americamysis bahia and 5 deep-sea crustaceans. Environ Toxicol Chem. 2017;36:3415-3423 pubmed publisher
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    ..54?ml/gVS respectively). 2:3 FW:VW ratio depicted higher VS (53.96%) and COD (54.1%) removal than 2:1 FW:VW ratio 46.34% and 41.8% respectively...
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  72. Jagadabhi P, Kaparaju P, Väisänen A, Rintala J. Effect of macro- and micro-nutrients addition during anaerobic mono-digestion of grass silage in leach-bed reactors. Environ Technol. 2017;:1-12 pubmed publisher
    ..NH4Cl) (set I) and micro-nutrients (Fe, Ni, Co and Mo) (set II) addition on chemical oxygen demand (COD) solubilisation during anaerobic mono-digestion of grass silage was investigated in two sets of leach bed reactor ..
  73. Dia O, Drogui P, Buelna G, Dubé R. Hybrid process, electrocoagulation-biofiltration for landfill leachate treatment. Waste Manag. 2018;75:391-399 pubmed publisher
    ..EC process has been able to remove 37?±?2% of the initial total COD. A fractionation of organic compounds showed that EC was particularly efficient to remove insoluble COD and humic ..
  74. Zhao X, Yang J, Ma F. Set organic pollution as an impact category to achieve more comprehensive evaluation of life cycle assessment in wastewater-related issues. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:5960-5968 pubmed publisher
    ..Chemical oxygen demand (COD) is selected to represent the organic pollution and treated as an individual impact category...
  75. Ma B, Wang S, Li Z, Gao M, Li S, Guo L, et al. Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles induced effects on performance and microbial community of activated sludge from a sequencing batch reactor under long-term exposure. Bioresour Technol. 2017;225:377-385 pubmed publisher
    ..The COD removal showed a slight decrease at 5-60mg/L Fe3O4 NPs compared to 0mg/L Fe3O..
  76. Nagabalaji V, Sivasankari G, Srinivasan S, Suthanthararajan R, Ravindranath E. Nutrient removal from synthetic and secondary treated sewage and tannery wastewater through phycoremediation. Environ Technol. 2017;:1-23 pubmed publisher
    ..Experimental results indicated that NH4-N, NO3-N, PO4-P and COD removal were found to be 68.6, 74, 71.5 and 90.2% respectively in secondary treated sewage...
  77. Khilyas I, Sorokin A, Kiseleva L, Simpson D, Fedorovich V, Sharipova M, et al. Comparative Metagenomic Analysis of Electrogenic Microbial Communities in Differentially Inoculated Swine Wastewater-Fed Microbial Fuel Cells. Scientifica (Cairo). 2017;2017:7616359 pubmed publisher
    ..The SS-inoculated MFC outperformed the IGBS-inoculated MFC with regard to COD and VFA removal and electricity production...
  78. Pereira R, Salvador A, Dias P, Pereira M, Alves M, Pereira L. Perspectives on carbon materials as powerful catalysts in continuous anaerobic bioreactors. Water Res. 2016;101:441-447 pubmed publisher
    ..12 g per g of volatile solids (VS), a HRT of 10 h and resulted in a chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal of 85%...
  79. Zhao D, Yang H, Chen J, Cheng F, Kumar S, Han J, et al. Development of the first gene expression system for Salinicoccus strains with potential application in bioremediation of hypersaline wastewaters. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2017;101:7249-7258 pubmed publisher
    ..has shown a potential application in bioremediation of wastewater with high salt and high chemical oxygen demand (COD). Two plasmids, pS408-1 and pS408-2, were identified in S...
  80. Kawashima T, Ohashi M, Ogoshi S. Nickel-Catalyzed Formation of 1,3-Dienes via a Highly Selective Cross-Tetramerization of Tetrafluoroethylene, Styrenes, Alkynes, and Ethylene. J Am Chem Soc. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    In the presence of a catalytic amount of Ni(cod)2 (cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) and PCy3 (Cy = cyclohexyl), the cross-tetramerization of tetrafluoroethylene (TFE), alkynes, and ethylene occurred in a highly selective ..
  81. Mughal M, Amanieu H, Moscatelli R, Sebastiani M. A Comparison of Microscale Techniques for Determining Fracture Toughness of LiMn?O? Particles. Materials (Basel). 2017;10: pubmed publisher
    ..The second technique relies on the use of atomic force microscopy (AFM) to measure the crack opening displacement (COD) and subsequent application of Irwin's near field theory to measure the mode-I crack tip toughness of the material...
  82. Ogedey A, Tanyol M. Optimizing electrocoagulation process using experimental design for COD removal from unsanitary landfill leachate. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:2907-2917 pubmed publisher
    ..batch electrocoagulation reactor containing aluminum and iron electrodes was used to reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD) from landfill leachate (Tunceli, Turkey)...
  83. Mena I, García Orduña P, Polo V, Lahoz F, Casado M, Oro L. Reactivity of the parent amido complexes of iridium with olefins: C-NH2 bond formation versus C-H activation. Dalton Trans. 2017;46:11459-11468 pubmed publisher
    ..On the contrary, the diiridium amido-bridged complex [{Ir(μ-NH2)(cod)}2] (2; cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene) in the presence of dppb (dppb = bis(diphenylphosphane)butane) allows ..
  84. Chatterjee P, Ghangrekar M. Biomass granulation in an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor treating 500 m3/day low-strength sewage and post treatment in high-rate algal pond. Water Sci Technol. 2017;76:1234-1242 pubmed publisher
    ..For an influent chemical oxygen demand (COD) concentration of 233 ± 20 mg/L, final effluent COD was 50 ± 6 mg/L...
  85. Chen Y, Jiang X, Xiao K, Shen N, Zeng R, Zhou Y. Enhanced volatile fatty acids (VFAs) production in a thermophilic fermenter with stepwise pH increase - Investigation on dissolved organic matter transformation and microbial community shift. Water Res. 2017;112:261-268 pubmed publisher
    ..9 (21%) resulting in the maximum production of VFAs (423.22 ± 25.49 mg COD/g VSS), while the maximum hydrolysis efficiency was observed at pH 9.9 (42%)...
  86. López González L, Pereda Reyes I, Romero Romero O. Anaerobic co-digestion of sugarcane press mud with vinasse on methane yield. Waste Manag. 2017;68:139-145 pubmed publisher
    ..V75/P25 and V50/P50 mixtures (on basis of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) percentage added in the mixture), with an average value of 246NmL CH4g-1 CODfed, ..
  87. Okareh O, Ademodi T, Igbinosa E. Biotreatment of effluent from 'Adire' textile factories in Ibadan, Nigeria. Environ Monit Assess. 2017;189:629 pubmed publisher
    ..The BOD, COD, TSS, TDS and chloride of the textile mill effluent from the two cottage textile factories were above the ..
  88. Yong J, Wan L, Dreyfuss G. Why do cells need an assembly machine for RNA-protein complexes?. Trends Cell Biol. 2004;14:226-32 pubmed
    ..We discuss how this surveillance capacity of the SMN complex might ensure assembly of Sm cores only on the correct RNAs and prevent illicit, potentially deleterious assembly of Sm cores on random RNAs. ..
  89. Dai H, Chen W, Dai Z, Li X, Lu X. Efficient model calibration method based on phase experiments for anaerobic-anoxic/nitrifying (A2N) two-sludge process. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2017;24:19211-19222 pubmed publisher
    ..indicated that the calibrated model could provide accurate predictions for the effluent chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonia nitrogen (NH4+-N), total nitrogen (TN), and total phosphorus (TP), with only one ..
  90. Sinclair Waters M, Bradbury I, Morris C, Lien S, Kent M, Bentzen P. Ancient chromosomal rearrangement associated with local adaptation of a postglacially colonized population of Atlantic Cod in the northwest Atlantic. Mol Ecol. 2018;27:339-351 pubmed publisher
    ..between an offshore migratory and a nonmigratory population and to define conservation units of Atlantic Cod (Gadus morhua) in coastal Labrador...
  91. Cunha S, Trabalón L, Jacobs S, Castro M, Fernández Tejedor M, Granby K, et al. UV-filters and musk fragrances in seafood commercialized in Europe Union: Occurrence, risk and exposure assessment. Environ Res. 2018;161:399-408 pubmed publisher
    ..samples commercialized in Europe Union from several representative species - mackerel, tuna, salmon, seabream, cod, monkfish, crab, shrimp, octopus, perch and plaice - were analysed for residues of 21 personal care products (PCPs),..
  92. Song G, Xi H, Zhou Y, Fu L, Xing X, Wu C. Influence of organic load rate (OLR) on the hydrolytic acidification of 2-butenal manufacture wastewater and analysis of bacterial community structure. Bioresour Technol. 2017;243:502-511 pubmed publisher
    ..The results demonstrated that over 21.0% of the average COD removal rate was observed in the range of OLR from 0.52 to 3.98g COD/L·d, whereas it reduced to 15...