Genomes and Genes
Gene Symbol: p38
Description: mitogen-activated protein kinase 14
Alias: CSBP, CSBP1, CSBP2, CSPB1, EXIP, Mxi2, PRKM14, PRKM15, SAPK2A, p38, p38ALPHA, CSAID-binding protein, Csaids binding protein, MAP kinase 14, MAP kinase Mxi2, MAP kinase p38 alpha, MAX-interacting protein 2, cytokine suppressive anti-inflammatory drug binding protein, cytokine suppressive anti-inflammatory drug-binding protein, mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 alpha, p38 MAP kinase, p38 mitogen activated protein kinase, p38alpha Exip, stress-activated protein kinase 2A
Publications307 found, 100 shown here
- Cytokine stimulation of energy expenditure through p38 MAP kinase activation of PPARgamma coactivator-1P Puigserver
Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Department of Cell Biology, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Mol Cell 8:971-82. 2001..These data illustrate a direct thermogenic action of cytokines and p38 MAP kinase through the transcriptional coactivator PGC-1.
- NF-κB-dependent microRNA-125b up-regulation promotes cell survival by targeting p38α upon ultraviolet radiationGuangyun Tan
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
J Biol Chem 287:33036-47. 2012..Here, we show that UV radiation induces up-regulation of miR-125b, which negatively regulates p38α expression through targeting its 3'-UTR...
- Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta)-induced apoptosis of prostate cancer cells involves Smad7-dependent activation of p38 by TGF-beta-activated kinase 1 and mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 3Sofia Edlund
Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research, Biomedical Centre, 75124 Uppsala, Sweden
Mol Biol Cell 14:529-44. 2003..prostate cancer PC-3U cells induced by TGF-beta1 or Smad7 overexpression is caused by a specific activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway in a TGF-beta-activated kinase 1 (TAK1)- and mitogen-activated protein ..
- Phosphorylation of human p53 by p38 kinase coordinates N-terminal phosphorylation and apoptosis in response to UV radiationD V Bulavin
Laboratory of Cell Biology, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA
EMBO J 18:6845-54. 1999Components of the ras signaling pathway contribute to activation of cellular p53. In MCF-7 cells, p38 kinase activated p53 more effectively than other members of the ras pathway...
- Essential role of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase in cathepsin K gene expression during osteoclastogenesis through association of NFATc1 and PU.1Masahito Matsumoto
Department of Molecular Biology, Saitama Medical School, Saitama, Japan
J Biol Chem 279:45969-79. 2004..report the regulatory mechanisms of RANKL-induced cathepsin K gene expression during osteoclastogenesis in a p38 MAP kinase-dependent manner...
- Human glutathione S-transferase P1-1 interacts with TRAF2 and regulates TRAF2-ASK1 signalsY Wu
Jiangsu Province Key Laboratory for Molecular and Medical Biotechnology, College of Life Sciences, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu, People s Republic of China
Oncogene 25:5787-800. 2006..Overexpression of GSTP1-1 inhibited TRAF2-induced activation of both JNK and p38 but not of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB)...
- Regulation of 4E-BP1 phosphorylation: a novel two-step mechanismA C Gingras
Department of Biochemistry and McGill Cancer Center, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, H3G 1Y6, Canada
Genes Dev 13:1422-37. 1999..Taken together, our results suggest that 4E-BP1 phosphorylation by FRAP/mTOR on Thr-37 and Thr-46 is a priming event for subsequent phosphorylation of the carboxy-terminal serum-sensitive sites...
- Acacetin inhibits the invasion and migration of human non-small cell lung cancer A549 cells by suppressing the p38α MAPK signaling pathwayShang Tao Chien
Department of Pathology, Kaohsiung Armed Forces General Hospital, Kaohsiung, Taiwan, Republic of China
Mol Cell Biochem 350:135-48. 2011..of mixed-lineage protein kinase 3 (MLK3), mitogen-activated protein kinase kinases 3/6 (MKK3/6), and p38α MAPK signal involved in the downregulation of the expressions of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), matrix ..
- HIV-1 gp120-induced migration of dendritic cells is regulated by a novel kinase cascade involving Pyk2, p38 MAP kinase, and LSP1Appakkudal R Anand
Department of Pathology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH 43210, USA
Blood 114:3588-600. 2009..analysis of the downstream signaling mechanisms involved in gp120-induced migration revealed that Pyk2 activates p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, which in turn activates the F-actin-binding protein, leukocyte-specific protein 1,..
- Proapoptotic kinase MST2 coordinates signaling crosstalk between RASSF1A, Raf-1, and AktDavid Romano
Proteomics and Signalling Networks Group, The Beatson Institute for Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom
Cancer Res 70:1195-203. 2010..kinase but enhanced binding to tumor suppressor RASSF1A, accentuating downstream c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling and promoting apoptosis...
- Heme oxygenase-1 gene activation by the NAD(P)H oxidase inhibitor 4-(2-aminoethyl) benzenesulfonyl fluoride via a protein kinase B, p38-dependent signaling pathway in monocytesNastiti Wijayanti
Institut für Klinische Immunologie und Transfusionsmedizin, Justus Liebig Universitat Giessen, Langhanstrasse 7, D 35392 Giessen, Germany
J Biol Chem 280:21820-9. 2005..AEBSF activated the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) JNK and p38. Inhibition of p38alpha and p38beta, but not that of JNK or p38gamma and p38delta, prevented the induction of HO-1 gene expression by ..
- Lack of the leukocyte-associated Ig-like receptor-1 expression in high-risk chronic lymphocytic leukaemia results in the absence of a negative signal regulating kinase activation and cell divisionA Poggi
Laboratory of Experimental Oncology D, National Institute for Cancer Research, Genoa, Italy
Leukemia 22:980-8. 2008..Constitutive activation of c-Jun aminoterminal kinase (JNK), p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and extracellular signal-regulated kinase, has been reported in CLL...
- NSAID inhibition of prostate cancer cell migration is mediated by Nag-1 Induction via the p38 MAPK-p75(NTR) pathwayShehla Wynne
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular and Cellular Biology, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3900 Reservoir Road NW, Washington, DC 20057, USA
Mol Cancer Res 8:1656-64. 2010..NSAIDs induce p75(NTR) through activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, with a concomitant decrease in cell survival...
- Nox4 mediates the expression of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 via p38 MAPK pathway in cultured human endothelial cellsAmandine Jaulmes
Division of Angiology, Servier Research Institute, 11 rue des Moulineaux, Suresnes, France
Thromb Res 124:439-46. 2009..The aim of the present study was to characterize the role of NADPH oxidase and in particular Nox4 in the regulation of PAI-1 expression in cultured Human Umbilical Venous Endothelial Cells (HUVECs)...
- p38 and ERK1/2 coordinate cellular migration and proliferation in epithelial wound healing: evidence of cross-talk activation between MAP kinase cascadesGuru Dutt Sharma
Department of Ophthalmology and Neuroscience Center of Excellence, Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, 2020 Gravier Street, New Orleans, LA 70112, USA
J Biol Chem 278:21989-97. 2003..keratinocyte growth factor (KGF), induced rapid and marked activation and prompt nuclear accumulation of phospho-p38 (p-p38) and -ERK1/2 (p-ERK1/2), but not of JNK (p-JNK1/2), in corneal epithelial cells...
- Mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 (MSK1) is directly activated by MAPK and SAPK2/p38, and may mediate activation of CREBM Deak
MRC Protein Phosphorylation Unit, Departments of Biochemistry, Anatomy and Physiology, University of Dundee, Scotland
EMBO J 17:4426-41. 1998..MSK1 is activated in vitro by MAPK2/ERK2 or SAPK2/p38. Endogenous MSK1 is activated in 293 cells by either growth factor/phorbol ester stimulation, or by exposure to UV ..
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 Nef induces programmed death 1 expression through a p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent mechanismKaruppiah Muthumani
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Virol 82:11536-44. 2008..Nef-induced PD-1 upregulation requires its proline-rich motif and the activation of the downstream kinase p38. Further, inhibition of Nef activity by p38 MAPK inhibitor effectively blocked PD-1 upregulation, suggesting that ..
- Induction of heme oxygenase 1 by moderately oxidized low-density lipoproteins in human vascular smooth muscle cells: role of mitogen-activated protein kinases and Nrf2Anila A Anwar
Cardiovascular Division, GKT Schools of Biomedical Sciences and Medicine, King s College, University of London, Guy s Hospital Campus, London SE1 1UL, UK
Free Radic Biol Med 39:227-36. 2005..Inhibitors of protein kinase C (PKC) or mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) p38(MAPK) and MEK or c-jun-NH2-terminal kinase (JNK) significantly attenuated induction of HO-1...
- Essential role of p53 phosphorylation by p38 MAPK in apoptosis induction by the HIV-1 envelopeJean Luc Perfettini
Centre National Recherche Scientifique UMR8125, Institut Gustave Roussy, F 94805 Villejuif, France
J Exp Med 201:279-89. 2005..Cytoplasmic p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was found to undergo an activating phosphorylation (p38T180/Y182P [p38 with ..
- Pro-inflammatory cytokines and environmental stress cause p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation by dual phosphorylation on tyrosine and threonineJ Raingeaud
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01605, USA
J Biol Chem 270:7420-6. 1995..Immunofluorescence microscopy demonstrated that p38 MAP kinase is present in both the nucleus and cytoplasm of activated cells...
- Inhibition of interleukin-1-stimulated MAP kinases, activating protein-1 (AP-1) and nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) transcription factors down-regulates matrix metalloproteinase gene expression in articular chondrocytesAbdelhamid Liacini
Département de Médecine and Centre de Recherche du Centre Hospitalier de l Université de Montréal, Hôpital Notre Dame du CHUM, 1560 Sherbrooke Est, Montreal, Quebec, Canada H2L 4M1
Matrix Biol 21:251-62. 2002..IL-1 rapidly induced the activation of extracellular-signal regulated kinase (ERK), protein 38 (p38) and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPKs in the first-passage human femoral head OA chondrocytes...
- IL-10 regulation by HIV-Tat in primary human monocytic cells: involvement of calmodulin/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase-activated p38 MAPK and Sp-1 and CREB-1 transcription factorsKatrina Gee
Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Division of Virology and Molecular Immunology, Children s Hospital of Eastern Ontario, 401 Smyth Road, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Immunol 178:798-807. 2007..in the calcium signaling suggested that calmodulin and calmodulin-dependent protein kinase-II (CaMK-II)-activated p38 MAPK played a role in extracellular Tat-induced IL-10 expression in primary human monocytes...
- p38alpha and p38delta mitogen-activated protein kinase isoforms regulate invasion and growth of head and neck squamous carcinoma cellsM R Junttila
Deparment of Dermatology, University of Turku, Turku, Finland
Oncogene 26:5267-79. 2007..of p38 pathway component mRNA expression in HNSCC cell lines (n=42) compared to HEKs (n=8) revealed that p38alpha and p38delta isoforms are predominantly expressed in both cell types and that MKK3 is the primary upstream ..
- Inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase improves nitric oxide-mediated vasodilatation and reduces inflammation in hypercholesterolemiaJoseph Cheriyan
Cambridge University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Addenbrooke s Hospital, Hills Road, Cambridge, UK
Circulation 123:515-23. 2011..lipoprotein reduces endothelial nitric oxide production (an important mediator of vasoregulation) and activates p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), a mediator of vascular inflammation...
- p38MAPK plays a crucial role in stromal-mediated tumorigenesisElise Alspach
Authors Affiliations Departments of Cell Biology and Physiology, Medicine, and Pathology and Immunology BRIGHT Institute, Washington University School of Medicine Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine Confluence Life Sciences, Inc, St Louis, Missouri Hematology Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston Harvard Stem Cell Institute and Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts and Department of Cancer Systems Imaging, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TexasAuthors Affiliations Departments of Cell Biology and Physiology, Medicine, and Pathology and Immunology BRIGHT Institute, Washington University School of Medicine Departments of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology and Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine Confluence Life Sciences, Inc, St Louis, Missouri Hematology Division, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston Harvard Stem Cell Institute and Broad Institute of Harvard and MIT, Cambridge, Massachusetts and Department of Cancer Systems Imaging, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
Cancer Discov 4:716-29. 2014..We find that the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 (p38MAPK) controls AUF1 occupancy on SASP mRNAs and thus controls their stability...
- Exogenous Nef is an inhibitor of Mycobacterium tuberculosis-induced tumor necrosis factor-alpha production and macrophage apoptosisKuldeep Kumawat
Department of Chemistry, Bose Institute, 93 1 APC Road, Kolkata 700009, India
J Biol Chem 285:12629-37. 2010..Nef inhibits ASK1/p38 MAPK-dependent Mtb-induced TNF-alpha production probably by inhibiting binding of ATF2 to the TNF-alpha promoter...
- Increased activation of p38 MAPK in COPDT Renda
Dept of Experimental and Clinical Medicine, University Magna Graecia of Catanzaro, Catanzaro, Italy
Eur Respir J 31:62-9. 2008..Moreover, a Western blot analysis of phospho-p38 and total p38alpha isoform expressed by alveolar macrophages was performed...
- A role for p38 in transcriptional elongation of p21 (CIP1) in response to Aurora B inhibitionGeeta Kumari
Theodor Boveri Institute, Biocenter, University of Wuerzburg, Wuerzburg, Germany
Cell Cycle 12:2051-60. 2013..In this study, we identified a role for the p38 MAP kinase in activation of p21 when Aurora B is inhibited...
- Phosphorylation of c-Fos by members of the p38 MAPK family. Role in the AP-1 response to UV lightTamara Tanos
Laboratorio de Fisiologia y Biologia Molecular, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, IFIBYNE CONICET, 1428 Buenos Aires, Argentina
J Biol Chem 280:18842-52. 2005..Using a specific pharmacological inhibitor for p38alpha and -beta, we found that most likely these two isoforms mediate UV-induced c-Fos phosphorylation in vivo...
- GEF-H1/RhoA signalling pathway mediates lipopolysaccharide-induced intercellular adhesion molecular-1 expression in endothelial cells via activation of p38 and NF-κBFeng Guo
Department of Burn and Plastic Surgery, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, School of Medicine, Rui Jin Hospital, Shanghai 230022, China
Cytokine 57:417-28. 2012..Furthermore, pretreatment with Y-27632, an inhibitor of ROCK, significantly reduced LPS-induced p38, ERK1/2 and p65 phosphorylation, indicating that ROCK acts as an upstream effector of p38 and ERK1/2 to promote LPS-..
- VCAM-1 upregulation via PKCdelta-p38 kinase-linked cascade mediates the TNF-alpha-induced leukocyte adhesion and emigration in the lung airway epitheliumChang Hoon Woo
School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, 5 1 Anam dong, Sungbuk Gu, Seoul, 136 701, Korea
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 288:L307-16. 2005..In addition, TNF-alpha was shown to induce the expression of VCAM-1 in a p38 kinase-dependent manner; also, TNF-alpha-induced p38 kinase activation was blocked by inhibition of PKCdelta, ..
- Involvement of Kv1.3 and p38 MAPK signaling in HIV-1 glycoprotein 120-induced microglia neurotoxicityJ Liu
Neurophysiology Laboratory, Department of Pharmacology and Experimental Neuroscience, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, NE 68198 5880, USA
Cell Death Dis 3:e254. 2012..3-siRNA abrogated gp120-associated microglia neurotoxic activity. Further investigation unraveled an involvement of p38 MAPK in gp120 enhancement of microglia K(v)1.3 expression and resultant neurotoxic activity...
- Matched work high-intensity interval and continuous running induce similar increases in PGC-1α mRNA, AMPK, p38, and p53 phosphorylation in human skeletal muscleJonathan D Bartlett
Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool, United Kingdom
J Appl Physiol (1985) 112:1135-43. 2012..Furthermore, this is the first report of contraction-induced p53 phosphorylation in human skeletal muscle, thus highlighting an additional pathway by which exercise may initiate mitochondrial biogenesis...
- HIV-1 proteins preferentially activate anti-inflammatory M2-type macrophagesTakashi Chihara
Center for AIDS Research, Kumamoto University, Kumamoto 860 0811, Japan
J Immunol 188:3620-7. 2012....
- IL-17 stimulates MMP-1 expression in primary human cardiac fibroblasts via p38 MAPK- and ERK1/2-dependent C/EBP-beta , NF-kappaB, and AP-1 activationDolores M Cortez
Department of Veterans Affairs South Texas Veterans Health Care System, The University of Texas Health Science Center, 7703 Floyd Curl Drive, San Antonio, TX 78229 3900, USA
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 293:H3356-65. 2007..and ELISA; transcriptional induction and transcription factor binding by EMSA, ELISA, and reporter assay; and p38 MAPK and ERK1/2 activation by protein kinase assays and Western blotting...
- The mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 regulates activator protein 1 by direct phosphorylation of c-JunMatjaz Humar
Center for Clinical Research, Department of Anesthesiology, University Hospital Freiburg, Breisacherstrasse 66, D 79106 Freiburg, Germany
Int J Biochem Cell Biol 39:2278-88. 2007The involvement of p38 in fundamental physiological processes and the fact that deregulation often leads to disease indicates the potential impact of p38 dependent mechanisms...
- p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase-dependent activation of protein phosphatases 1 and 2A inhibits MEK1 and MEK2 activity and collagenase 1 (MMP-1) gene expressionJ Westermarck
Turku Centre for Biotechnology, University of Turku, University of Turku, FIN 20520 Turku, Finland
Mol Cell Biol 21:2373-83. 2001..Specific activation of p38alpha by adenovirus-delivered constitutively active MKK3b resulted in potent inhibition of the activity of ERK1,2 and ..
- Role of P38 MAPK, AP-1, and NF-kappaB in interleukin-1beta-induced IL-8 expression in human vascular smooth muscle cellsYoung D Jung
Chonnam National University Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Hakdong 5, Kwangju, Korea
Cytokine 18:206-13. 2002..b>P38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) was activated after 5min of IL-1beta treatment, whereas the extracellular ..
- HIV type 1 glycoprotein 120 inhibits human B cell chemotaxis to CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL) 12, CC chemokine ligand (CCL)20, and CCL21Gamal Badr
Institut National de la Sante et de la Recherche Medicale, Unité 131, Institut Paris Sud sur les Cytokines, Clamart, France
J Immunol 175:302-10. 2005..Unlike CXCL12, gp120 did not induce the activation of phospholipase Cbeta3 and PI3K downstream from CXCR4, whereas p38 MAPK activation was observed...
- Mitogen-activated protein kinases regulate LSF occupancy at the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 promoterLoyda Ylisastigui
University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, 5323 Harry Hines Blvd, Y9 206a, Dallas, TX 75390 9113, USA
J Virol 79:5952-62. 2005..In vitro, phosphorylation of LSF by Erk decreases binding to the LTR, while binding is increased by p38 phosphorylation...
- HIV-1 glycoprotein 120 induces the MMP-9 cytopathogenic factor production that is abolished by inhibition of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathwayD Missé
Laboratoire d Immunologie Rétrovirale et Moléculaire, the Institut de Recherche pour le Développement and the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 240 Av E Jeanbrau, 34094 Montpellier, France
Blood 98:541-7. 2001..Thus, both p38 and SAPK/Jun N-terminal kinase mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) are activated on stimulation of these ..
- p38-MAPK signals survival by phosphorylation of caspase-8 and caspase-3 in human neutrophilsMaria Alvarado-Kristensson
Division of Experimental Pathology, Lund University, U MAS, Entrance 78, Floor 3, SE 205 02 Malmo, Sweden
J Exp Med 199:449-58. 2004..Here, we show that p38-mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) associates to caspase-8 and caspase-3 during neutrophil apoptosis and that ..
- Toll-like receptor 4-mediated activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase is a determinant of respiratory virus entry and tropismDavid Marchant
UBC James Hogg Research Centre, Providence Heart Lung Institute, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of British Columbia, Room 166, Burrard Building, St Paul s Hospital, 1081 Burrard Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6Z 1Y6
J Virol 84:11359-73. 2010..Inhibition of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling was able to significantly inhibit replication by all viruses ..
- REX-1 expression and p38 MAPK activation status can determine proliferation/differentiation fates in human mesenchymal stem cellsDilli Ram Bhandari
Adult Stem Cell Research, College of Veterinary Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
PLoS ONE 5:e10493. 2010..Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) isolated from young tissues and cancer cells express REX1...
- Suppression of p38 MAPK and JNK via Akt-mediated inhibition of apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 constitutes a core component of the beta-cell pro-survival effects of glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptideScott B Widenmaier
Department of Cellular and Physiological Sciences and the Diabetes Research Group, Life Sciences Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z3, Canada
J Biol Chem 284:30372-82. 2009..Akt, and Akt siRNA, it was demonstrated that GIP promoted beta-cell survival via Akt-dependent suppression of p38 MAPK and JNK and that combined inhibition was sufficient to explain the entire pro-survival responses to GIP during ..
- p38 MAPK in development and cancerCynthia Bradham
DCMB Group, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
Cell Cycle 5:824-8. 2006b>p38 is a MAPK that has been shown to induce a wide variety of biological effects in cell culture in response to a wide range of stimuli...
- Specific regulation of noncanonical p38alpha activation by Hsp90-Cdc37 chaperone complex in cardiomyocyteAsuka Ota
Division of Molecular Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Circ Res 106:1404-12. 2010b>p38 is an important stress activated protein kinase involved in gene regulation, proliferation, differentiation, and cell death regulation in heart...
- IL-1beta-stimulated activation of ERK1/2 and p38alpha MAPK mediates the transcriptional up-regulation of IL-6, IL-8 and GRO-alpha in HeLa cellsHuei Ting Yang
MRC Protein Phosphorylation Unit, College of Life Sciences, University of Dundee, Sir James Black Centre, Dow Street, Dundee, DD1 5EH, United Kingdom
Cell Signal 20:375-80. 2008..Specific inhibition of p38alpha MAP kinase or preventing the activation of ERK1/ERK2 partially reduced the production of these substances, while ..
- Hierarchical phosphorylation of the translation inhibitor 4E-BP1A C Gingras
Department of Biochemistry and McGill Cancer Centre, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec H3G 1Y6, Canada
Genes Dev 15:2852-64. 2001..Finally, we show that phosphorylation of Ser 65 and Thr 70 alone is insufficient to block binding to eIF4E, indicating that a combination of phosphorylation events is necessary to dissociate 4E-BP1 from eIF4E...
- Activation of the transcription factor MEF2C by the MAP kinase p38 in inflammationJ Han
Department of Immunology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
Nature 386:296-9. 1997..In mammalian cells the MAPK p38 is thought to play an important role in the regulation of cellular responses during infection through its effects ..
- HIV-1 Tat protein induces TNF-alpha and IL-10 production by human macrophages: differential implication of PKC-betaII and -delta isozymes and MAP kinases ERK1/2 and p38Kaoutar Leghmari
Laboratoire d Immuno Virologie des Lentivirus des Primates, Université Paul Sabatier 118, Toulouse, France
Cell Immunol 254:46-55. 2008..However, p38 MAP kinase seems to be involved only in IL-10 and not TNF-alpha production.
- Vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 expression in human intestinal microvascular endothelial cells is regulated by PI 3-kinase/Akt/MAPK/NF-kappaB: inhibitory role of curcuminDavid G Binion
Department of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA
Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 297:G259-68. 2009..expression in HIMEC was suppressed by Akt small-interfering RNA, curcumin, and inhibitors of NF-kappaB (SN-50), p38 MAPK (SB-203580) and PI 3-kinase/Akt (LY-294002)...
- Characterization of the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 4 (MKK4)/c-Jun NH2-terminal kinase 1 and MKK3/p38 pathways regulated by MEK kinases 2 and 3. MEK kinase 3 activates MKK3 but does not cause activation of p38 kinase in vivoK Deacon
Department of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Leicester School of Medicine, P O Box 138, Medical Sciences Building, University Road, Leicester LE1 9HN, United Kingdom
J Biol Chem 272:14489-96. 1997..MKK3 specifically phosphorylates and activates p38, whereas MKK4 phosphorylates and activates both p38 and JNK...
- Interaction of p38 and Sp1 in a mechanical force-induced, beta 1 integrin-mediated transcriptional circuit that regulates the actin-binding protein filamin-AMario D'Addario
Canadian Institutes of Health Research Group in Matrix Dynamics, University of Toronto, Ontario, Canada
J Biol Chem 277:47541-50. 2002..This induction required actin filaments and selective activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase...
- DJ-1 modulates the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway through physical interaction with apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1Jung Soon Mo
Hormone Research Center, School of Biological Sciences and Technology, Chonnam National University, Yongbong Dong, Buk Ku, Gwangju 500 757, Republic of Korea
J Cell Biochem 110:229-37. 2010..of DJ-1 inhibited H(2)O(2)-induced activation of ASK1 as well as the activation of downstream kinases in the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling cascade...
- PKD, PKD2, and p38 MAPK mediate Hsp27 serine-82 phosphorylation induced by neurotensin in pancreatic cancer PANC-1 cellsJingzhen Yuan
Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine CURE Digestive Diseases Research Center and Molecular Biology Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA
J Cell Biochem 103:648-62. 2008It is widely recognized that Hsp27 is a downstream substrate of the p38 MAPK cascade whereas the role of PKD family members in mediating receptor-stimulated Hsp27 Ser-82 phosphorylation has not been evaluated...
- Morphine potentiates HIV-1 gp120-induced neuronal apoptosisShuxian Hu
Division of Infectious Diseases and International Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
J Infect Dis 191:886-9. 2005..mechanism whereby morphine potentiates gp120(IIIB)-induced neuronal apoptosis appears to involve activation of the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase intracellular signaling pathway and microglial cells dispersed within the neuronal/..
- Activation of the protein kinase p38 in the spindle assembly checkpoint and mitotic arrestK Takenaka
Department of Biophysics, Graduate School of Science, Kyoto University, Kitashirakawa Oiwake, Sakyo ku, Kyoto 606 01, Japan
Science 280:599-602. 1998..classical MAPK (also called ERK), c-Jun amino-terminal or stress-activated protein kinase (JNK or SAPK), and p38. Although MAPK is essential for meiotic processes in Xenopus oocytes and the spindle assembly checkpoint in Xenopus ..
- Protein kinase C-induced activation of a ceramide/protein phosphatase 1 pathway leading to dephosphorylation of p38 MAPKKazuyuki Kitatani
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina 29425, USA
J Biol Chem 281:36793-802. 2006..PMA treatment resulted in transient activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (ERK1/2, JNK1/2, and p38) followed by dephosphorylation/inactivation...
- HIV-1 Tat protein induces IL-10 production by an alternative TNF-alpha-independent pathway in monocytes: role of PKC-delta and p38 MAP kinaseKaoutar Leghmari
Laboratoire d Immuno Virologie, EA 3038, Université Paul Sabatier 118, route de Narbonne 4R3, 31062 Toulouse, Cedex, France
Cell Immunol 253:45-53. 2008..induce IL-10 production, we evaluated the link between Tat, TNF-alpha and IL-10 and the implication of PKC and p38 MAP kinase pathways...
- TGF-β1 induces endothelial cell apoptosis by shifting VEGF activation of p38(MAPK) from the prosurvival p38β to proapoptotic p38αGiovanni Ferrari
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
Mol Cancer Res 10:605-14. 2012..induces endothelial cell expression of VEGF, which mediates TGF-β1 induction of apoptosis through activation of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK)...
- Quantification of p38αMAP kinase: a prognostic marker in HNSCC with respect to radiation therapyKamaldeep Gill
Department of Biophysics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, India
Clin Chim Acta 413:219-25. 2012Translation of early findings from basic research is aimed to benefit cancer therapeutics. We report the p38α level in serum of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients indicating it as a prognostic marker and established ..
- p38 Mitogen-activated protein kinase is required for glucosamine-induced endothelial nitric oxide synthase uncoupling and plasminogen-activator inhibitor expressionZongsong Wu
Department of Medicine, Division of Physiology, University of Fribourg, Switzerland
Circ J 76:2015-22. 2012..b>p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38mapk) has been shown to be involved in HBP-mediated biological processes...
- Involvement of microtubules, p38, and Rho kinases pathway in 2-methoxyestradiol-induced lung vascular barrier dysfunctionNatalia V Bogatcheva
University of Chicago, Department of Medicine, Chicago, Illinois 60637, USA
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 292:L487-99. 2007..2ME induces significant ERK1/2, p38, and JNK phosphorylation and activation; however, only p38 activation is relevant to the 2ME-induced endothelial ..
- Mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 defines the common senescence-signalling pathwayHiroaki Iwasa
Laboratory of Molecular and Cellular Assembly, Department of Biological Information, Graduate School of Bioscience and Biotechnology, Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori ku, Yokohama 226 8501, Japan
Genes Cells 8:131-44. 2003..However, it remains unclear how a common set of senescence phenotypes is indistinguishably induced in various types of senescence...
- ATF-2 is a common nuclear target of Smad and TAK1 pathways in transforming growth factor-beta signalingY Sano
Laboratory of Molecular Genetics, Tsukuba Life Science Center, RIKEN, 3 1 1 Koyadai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 0074, Japan
J Biol Chem 274:8949-57. 1999..activity is enhanced after phosphorylation by stress-activated protein kinases such as c-Jun N-terminal kinase and p38. The binding between ATF-2 and Smad3/4 is mediated via the MH1 region of the Smad proteins and the basic leucine ..
- A novel regulatory mechanism of MAP kinases activation and nuclear translocation mediated by PKA and the PTP-SL tyrosine phosphataseC Blanco-Aparicio
Instituto de Investigaciones Citologicas, 46010 Valencia, Spain
J Cell Biol 147:1129-36. 1999..binding and tyrosine dephosphorylation of the MAP kinases extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK)1/2 and p38alpha were impaired...
- p38 and extracellular signal-regulated kinases regulate the myogenic program at multiple stepsZ Wu
Laboratory of Gene Regulation and Signal Transduction, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0322, USA
Mol Cell Biol 20:3951-64. 2000..by MyoD, and (iii) MyoD-dependent myogenic conversion is reduced in mouse embryonic fibroblasts derived from p38alpha(-/-) embryos...
- Neurotoxicity of human immunodeficiency virus-1: viral proteins and axonal transportItalo Mocchetti
Department of Neuroscience, Georgetown University Medical Center, 3970 Reservoir Road, NW, New Research Building WP13, Washington, DC 20057, USA
Neurotox Res 21:79-89. 2012..Moreover, these proteins have been shown to possess neurotoxic properties. This review describes new evidence of a direct interaction of the HIV protein gp120 with neurons, which might play a role in the etiopathology of HAND...
- ATF4 activation by the p38MAPK-eIF4E axis mediates apoptosis and autophagy induced by selenite in Jurkat cellsQian Jiang
National Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medicine Sciences and School of Basic Medicine, Peking Union Medical College and Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing 100005, China
FEBS Lett 587:2420-9. 2013..Moreover, autophagy induction enhances cell apoptosis under this condition. ..
- HIV-1 Tat-mediated induction of CCL5 in astrocytes involves NF-κB, AP-1, C/EBPα and C/EBPγ transcription factors and JAK, PI3K/Akt and p38 MAPK signaling pathwaysAnantha R Nookala
Division of Pharmacology and Toxicology, UMKC School of Pharmacy, Kansas City, Missouri, United States of America
PLoS ONE 8:e78855. 2013..These results were further confirmed by knockdown of the respective genes using siRNA. Furthermore, p38 MAPK was found to be involved since the knockdown of p38δ but not other isoforms showed partial reduction in CCL5 ..
- Src homology-2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP) 2 and p38 regulate the expression of chemokine CXCL8 in human astrocytesManmeet K Mamik
Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, University of North Texas Health Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA
PLoS ONE 7:e45596. 2012..Overexpression of SHP2 and p38 enzymes in astrocytes led to elevated CXCL8 expression; however, inactivating SHP2 and p38 with dominant negative ..
- TAB1beta (transforming growth factor-beta-activated protein kinase 1-binding protein 1beta ), a novel splicing variant of TAB1 that interacts with p38alpha but not TAK1Baoxue Ge
Department of Immunology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA
J Biol Chem 278:2286-93. 2003..We have recently found that activation of p38alpha MAPK can be carried out not only by its upstream MAPK kinases (MKKs) but also by p38alpha autophosphorylation...
- A new p38 MAP kinase-regulated transcriptional coactivator that stimulates p53-dependent apoptosisAna Cuadrado
CNIO, Spanish National Cancer Center, Madrid, Spain
EMBO J 26:2115-26. 2007The p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathway plays an important role in stress-induced cell-fate decisions by orchestrating responses that go from cell-cycle arrest to apoptosis...
- p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase mediates lipopolysaccharide and tumor necrosis factor alpha induction of shiga toxin 2 sensitivity in human umbilical vein endothelial cellsMatthew K Stone
Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA
Infect Immun 76:1115-21. 2008..Cell viability assays indicated that the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibitors SB202190 and SB203580 and the general protein synthesis ..
- Nox2-based NADPH oxidase mediates HIV-1 Tat-induced up-regulation of VCAM-1/ICAM-1 and subsequent monocyte adhesion in human astrocytesHa Yong Song
Department of Biomedical Science and Research Institute for Bioscience and Biotechnology, Hallym University, Chunchon 200 702, Republic of Korea
Free Radic Biol Med 50:576-84. 2011..siRNA decreased HIV-1 Tat-induced NF-κB activation as well as activation of MAP kinases including ERK, JNK, and p38. These data indicate that Nox2-based NADPH oxidase is responsible for HIV-1 Tat-induced generation of ROS and plays ..
- A p38(MAPK)/HIF-1 pathway initiated by UVB irradiation is required to induce Noxa and apoptosis of human keratinocytesKris Nys
Cell Death Research and Therapy Laboratory, Department of Molecular Cell Biology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium
J Invest Dermatol 130:2269-76. 2010..Previously, we reported that in UVB-irradiated keratinocytes, p38(MAPK) instigates Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) activation and mitochondrial apoptosis...
- Kiss-1 suppresses MMP-9 expression by activating p38 MAP kinase in human stomach cancerKyung Hee Lee
Department of Hematology Oncology, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University, Daegu, Korea
Oncol Res 18:107-16. 2009..Downregulation of Kiss-1 using Kiss-1 shRNA also increased in vitro cell invasion. In conclusion, Kiss-1 suppresses MMP-9 expression by activating the p38 MAP kinase signaling pathway.
- The Epstein-Barr virus oncoprotein latent membrane protein 1 induces expression of the chemokine IP-10: importance of mRNA half-life regulationMartina Vockerodt
Zentrum Kinderheilkunde und Jugendmedizin, Abteilung Pädiatrie I, Georg August Universitat, Gottingen, Germany
Int J Cancer 114:598-605. 2005..IP-10 induction is inhibited by blockade of p38/SAPK2 with SB 202190, which results in decreased IP-10 mRNA half-life without affecting IP-10 promoter activity...
- Caveolin-1 acts as a tumor suppressor by down-regulating epidermal growth factor receptor-mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathway in pancreatic carcinoma cell linesFei Han
Department of Pathology, Fudan University, Shanghai, China
Pancreas 38:766-74. 2009..To investigate the effect of caveolin-1 (cav1) in pancreatic carcinoma panc1 cell growth in vitro and in vivo...
- Signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 1 mediates apoptosis induced by hepatitis C virus and HIV envelope proteins in hepatocytesAnuradha Balasubramanian
Division of Experimental Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Harvard Institutes of Medicine, Boston, MA 02115, USA
J Infect Dis 194:670-81. 2006..Moreover, inhibitor studies indicated that Lyn kinase, p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase, and protein kinase C delta might be involved in STAT1 phosphorylation...
- p38 MAP kinase controls EGF receptor downregulation via phosphorylation at Ser1046/1047Seiji Adachi
Department of Gastroenterology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine, Gifu, Japan
Cancer Lett 277:108-13. 2009..Anisomycin, a potent kinase activator, induced the activation of both p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and stress-activated protein kinase/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (SAPK/JNK), but ..
- Shock waves increase T-cell proliferation or IL-2 expression by activating p38 MAP kinaseTie Cheng Yu
Department of Orthopedics, The First Teaching Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun 130021, China
Acta Biochim Biophys Sin (Shanghai) 36:741-8. 2004..organelles, might augment T-cell proliferation as well as IL-2 expression, and if mitogen activated protein kinase p38 (p38 MAPK) might be an underlying mechanism through which the LDSWs enhanced T-cell function...
- Interleukin-8 induces the endothelial cell migration through the Rac 1/RhoA-p38MAPK pathwayY Lai
Institute of Biomedical Engineering, West China School of Preclinical and Forensic Medicine, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 16:630-8. 2012..The objective of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanism of IL-8 induced endothelial cell migration in vitro...
- Distinct carboxy-termini confer divergent characteristics to the mitogen-activated protein kinase p38alpha and its splice isoform Mxi2V Sanz
Unidad de Biología Molecular del Cáncer, Departamento de Biologia Molecular, Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain
FEBS Lett 474:169-74. 2000The p38 family of mitogen-activated protein kinases is composed of several isoforms. Mxi2 is a splicing variant of p38alpha that harbors a unique carboxy-terminus...
- T cell LFA-1 engagement induces HuR-dependent cytokine mRNA stabilization through a Vav-1, Rac1/2, p38MAPK and MKK3 signaling cascadeVinod S Ramgolam
Raymond and Beverly Sackler Foundation Cardiovascular Laboratory, Departments of Medicine Cardiovascular Medicine and Immunobiology, Vascular Biology and Therapeutics Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
PLoS ONE 5:e14450. 2010..However, little is known regarding integrin-induced signaling cascades that affect mRNA catabolism. This study examines the role of the GTPases, Rac 1 and Rac 2, and their downstream effectors, in the LFA-1-induced effects on mRNA...
- p38 MAPK and ERK activation by 9-cis-retinoic acid induces chemokine receptors CCR1 and CCR2 expression in human monocytic THP-1 cellsJesang Ko
School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Korea University, Seoul 136 701, Korea
Exp Mol Med 39:129-38. 2007..up-regulation of CCR1 and CCR2 in 9CRA-stimulated cells were weakly blocked by the pretreatment of SB202190, a p38 MAPK inhibitor, and PD98059, an upstream ERK inhibitor...
- Phosphorylation and activation of mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase-1 in adult rat cardiac myocytes by G-protein-coupled receptor agonists requires both extracellular-signal-regulated kinase and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinaseThomais Markou
Laboratory of Animal Physiology, Department of Zoology, School of Biology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
Biochem J 365:757-63. 2002..Maximal activation of MSK1 in adult cardiomyocytes temporally coincided with maximal p38 MAPK activation while activation of the extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) cascade was more rapid...
- ERK-1/2 and p38 in the regulation of hypertrophic changes of normal articular cartilage chondrocytes induced by osteoarthritic subchondral osteoblastsIndira Prasadam
Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
Arthritis Rheum 62:1349-60. 2010..The aim of this study was to investigate the in vitro effects of OA SBOs on the phenotypical changes in normal ACCs and to unveil the potential involvement of MAPK signaling pathways during this process...
- Roles of JNK-1 and p38 in selective induction of apoptosis by capsaicin in ras-transformed human breast epithelial cellsHye Jung Kang
College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women s University, 4129 Ssangmun dong, Tobong ku, Seoul 132 714, Korea
Int J Cancer 103:475-82. 2003..In H-ras MCF10A cells, capsaicin treatment markedly activated c-Jun N-terminal protein kinase (JNK)-1 and p38 matigen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) while it deactivated extracellular signal-regulated protein kinases (ERKs)...
- Differential induction of interleukin-10 in monocytes by HIV-1 clade B and clade C Tat proteinsJustine K Wong
Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
J Biol Chem 285:18319-25. 2010..Moreover, we show that p38alpha/p38beta and phosphoinositide 3-kinase are crucial to Tat-induced IL-10 production...
- Tumor necrosis factor-alpha upregulates 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 expression by CCAAT/enhancer binding protein-beta in HepG2 cellsIrena D Ignatova
Depts of Nephrology and Hypertension and Clinical Research, Freiburgstrasse 15, Univ Hospital, Berne, CH 3010 Berne, Switzerland
Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 296:E367-77. 2009..We found that TNF-alpha acts via p38 MAPK pathway...
- Transcription of the transforming growth factor beta activating integrin beta8 subunit is regulated by SP3, AP-1, and the p38 pathwayJennifer A Markovics
Department of Pathology, Pulmonary Division, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, California 94110, USA
J Biol Chem 285:24695-706. 2010..expression and that Sp1, Sp3, and several AP-1 transcription factors form a complex that binds to these sites in a p38-dependent manner...
- STAT3, p38 MAPK, and NF-kappaB drive unopposed monocyte-dependent fibroblast MMP-1 secretion in tuberculosisCecilia M O'Kane
Department of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, Hammersmith Campus, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 43:465-74. 2010..MMP-1 up-regulation and TIMP-1 down-regulation were p38 (but not extracellular signal-regulated kinase or c-Jun N-terminal kinase) mitogen-activated protein kinase-..
- Inhibition of p38 alpha MAPK rescues cardiomyopathy induced by overexpressed beta 2-adrenergic receptor, but not beta 1-adrenergic receptorPallavi S Peter
Department of Cell Biology and Molecular Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, New Jersey Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, 185 South Orange Avenue, Newark, NJ 07103, USA
J Clin Invest 117:1335-43. 2007We examined the role of p38alpha MAPK in mediating cardiomyopathy in mice overexpressing beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (beta(1)-AR) or beta(2)-AR by mating them with dominant-negative p38alpha (DNp38alpha) MAPK mice...
- Cell growth of ovarian cancer cells is stimulated by xenoestrogens through an estrogen-dependent pathway, but their stimulation of cell growth appears not to be involved in the activation of the mitogen-activated protein kinases ERK-1 and p38Se Hyung Park
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, British Columbia Women s Hospital, Child and Family Research Institute, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
J Reprod Dev 55:23-9. 2009..BPA rapidly induced activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1/2 and p38 MAPK at 15 min, but the effect of BPA (10 microM) on stimulation of cell growth was not blocked by pretreatment ..
- Toll-like receptor 4 regulates heme oxygenase-1 expression after hemorrhagic shock induced acute lung injury in mice: requirement of p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activationChang Chen
Department of Anesthesiology, Zhongnan Hospital, Medical College of Wuhan University, Wuhan, Hubei, People s Republic of China
Shock 31:486-92. 2009..Arterial blood gases; expressions of TLR-4, heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1), and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38MAPK); myeloperoxidase activity; lung wet/dry ratios; and IL-10 levels in lung ..
- Involvement of connexin 43 in angiotensin II-induced migration and proliferation of saphenous vein smooth muscle cells via the MAPK-AP-1 signaling pathwayGuanghong Jia
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Creighton University School of Medicine, Omaha, NE 68178, USA
J Mol Cell Cardiol 44:882-90. 2008..The effect of angiotensin II was blocked by siRNA of ERK 1/2, p38 MAPK and JNK, respectively. Overexpression of Cx43 markedly increased the proliferation of saphenous vein SMCs...
- Reactive oxygen species-activated p38/ERK 1/2 MAPK signaling pathway in the Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette Guérin (BCG)-induced CCL2 secretion in human monocytic cell line THP-1Patricia Méndez-Samperio
Departamento de Inmunologia, Escuela Nacional de Ciencias Biologicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, IPN, Mexico, D F, Mexico
Arch Med Res 41:579-85. 2010....
- A novel protein kinase A-independent, beta-arrestin-1-dependent signaling pathway for p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase activation by beta2-adrenergic receptorsKaizheng Gong
Institute of Vascular Medicine, Peking University Third Hospital and Key Laboratory of Molecular Cardiovascular Science, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100191, China
J Biol Chem 283:29028-36. 2008A growing body of evidence has demonstrated that p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) has a crucial role in various physiological and pathological processes mediated by beta(2)-adrenergic receptors (beta(2)-ARs)...
- Inhibition of p38 MAP kinase by utilizing a novel allosteric binding siteChristopher Pargellis
Department of Biology, Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Research and Development Center, 900 Ridgebury Road, Ridgefield, Connecticut 06877, USA
Nat Struct Biol 9:268-72. 2002The p38 MAP kinase plays a crucial role in regulating the production of proinflammatory cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-1...
- Mitogen-activated Protein Kinases and NF-kB Activation in Vascular Smooth MuscleBingbing Jiang; Fiscal Year: 2010..A major hypothesis is that extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and p38 MAPK signaling pathways inversely regulate the duration and amplitude of NF-:B activation induced by cytokines, ..
- THE STRESS-ACTIVATED PROTEIN KINASE PATHWAYJohn M Kyriakis; Fiscal Year: 2010..mixed-lineage kinases (MLKs)-2 and -3), is required for activation of the Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 MAPK groups by a clinically relevant subset of pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs-molecular moieties, ..
- Cardiomyocyte Apoptosis and Cardioprotective Actions of EstrogenJin Kyung Kim; Fiscal Year: 2013..We hypothesize that estrogen signals to several important regulators of cell fate in ischemic stress - cardiac p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases (p38 MAPKs) and p53, a well-known mediator of apoptosis - to protect the ..
- Antiphospholipid antibodies and lupus: new molecular targets for treatmentEmilio B Gonzalez; Fiscal Year: 2013..receptor associated protein (RAP) affect aPL-mediated upregulation of TF, ICAM-1, cytokines and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) phosphorylation in EC and activation of monocytes and platelets...
- Anthrax Toxins Impair Phagocyte Actin-based MotilityFrederick Southwick; Fiscal Year: 2010..signaling using PH-GFP constructs, examine Rac signaling using a GFP- probe that binds active Rac, and investigate p38 MAPK signaling using specific antibodies and inhibitors. C...
- Estrogen receptor, p38 MAPKs and topo IIa in breast cancerGuan Chen; Fiscal Year: 2013..b>p38 MAPKs consist of 1, 2, 3, and 4 proteins that are major kinase cascades to determine cellular response to upstream ..
- Targeting Tight Junctions To Treat MucositisFREDERICK GARY TOBACK; Fiscal Year: 2010..AMP peptide increased accumulation of TJ proteins (occludin, ZO-1), and stimulated the phosphorylation of p38 MAP kinase and heat shock protein 25 which could stabilize actin filaments...
- Mechanisms that Regulate Neonatal Lung Heme Oxygenase in HyperoxiaPhyllis A Dennery; Fiscal Year: 2013..Nonetheless, CO can activate p38 MAP kinase signaling resulting in apoptosis...
- The Role of Kappa Opioid Receptor-induced Activation of Astrocytes in the ReinstaCharles Chavkin; Fiscal Year: 2009..that stress-induced dynorphin release activates kappa opioid receptors (KOR) that stimulate phosphorylation of p38 MAPK expressed by both astroglial cells and GABAergic neurons in brain...
- The Role of Xanthine Oxidoreductase in Ventilator-Associated Lung InjuryPaul M Hassoun; Fiscal Year: 2013..and pharmacological inhibitors to test our hypotheses that the enzyme xanthine oxidoreductase (XOR) and the p38 MAP kinase signaling pathway play crucial roles in the pathogenesis of VALI, and anticipate that the studies proposed ..
- Exercise Induced Biochemical and Anatomical AdaptationsJohn O Holloszy; Fiscal Year: 2013..Relative to this goal our aims are to test the hypotheses that activation of p38 MAPK is the next step in the pathway leading from CAMK and AMPK to increased mitochondrial biogenesis and GLUT ..
- Small heat shock proteins in smooth muscle plasticityWilliam T Gerthoffer; Fiscal Year: 2013..proposing a substantial shift in focus of the project to test the novel idea that phosphorylation of HSP27 via the p38 MAPK/MK2 pathway inhibits the function of the miRNA silencing machinery...
- p38 MAP kinase in early thymocyte developmentMercedes Rincon; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The p38 MAP kinase (MAPK) pathway is activated in response to stress stimuli (e.g...
- Orexin Induced Gene and Protein Expression Patterns in the rLHTAMMY ANGALINE BUTTERICK; Fiscal Year: 2013..OxA has been shown to activate extracellular signal-regulated kinases 1/2 (ERK1/2) and p38 mitogen activated phosphate kinase (MAPK) in various cell models...
- MECHANISM OF CANALICULAR BILE FORMATION AND CHOLESTASISMOHAMMED SAWKAT ANWER; Fiscal Year: 2010..the role of aPKCz, Rab4 and phosphorylation in Ntcp translocation and started defining the role of nPKCd, nPKCe and p38 MAPK in Mrp2 translocation...
- Signaling and microRNA function in neuronsDavid L Turner; Fiscal Year: 2012..Phosphorylation of the Ago-2 protein by the p38 MAP kinase/MAPKAP kinase 2 (MAPKAP-K2) pathway alters its subcellular localization, and p38 kinase/ MAPKAP-K2 signaling ..
- Mechanism of Anthrax Lethal Factor ToxicityUsamah S Kayyali; Fiscal Year: 2012..We have shown that p38 MAP kinase activation leading to HSP27 phosphorylation by the kinase MK2 augments the endothelial permeability barrier ..
- Transgenic Mouse Model to Address Heterogeneity in Autism Spectrum DisordersRANDY DEAN BLAKELY; Fiscal Year: 2010..phosphorylation, and 3) a lack of responsiveness to multiple SERT posttranslational regulatory pathways including p38 MAPK pathways activated by inflammatory cytokines...
- MAP Kinase Signaling in Apoptosis-Induced Ventilator-Associated Lung InjuryMahendra Damarla; Fiscal Year: 2013..However, the downstream effectors of p38 MAP kinase involved in mediating the development and severity of VALI remain unknown...
- Regulation of Skeletal Muscle RegenerationYi Ping Li; Fiscal Year: 2012..The activation of p38 MAPK plays a critical role in chromatin remodeling and in the activation of key myogenic transcription factors and, ..
- HSP27: A modulator and therapeutic target of SPARC-induced glioma invasion.SANDRA ANN REMPEL; Fiscal Year: 2013..Furthermore, we found that SPARC induces migration and invasion via the activation of p38 MAPK-MAPKAPK2-HSP27 signaling pathway...
- Epilepsy and dendritic excitabilityNicholas P Poolos; Fiscal Year: 2013..A novel modulator of HCN channel gating, p38 mitogen- activated kinase (p38 MAPK), was characterized as well, with inhibition of p38 MAPK causing downregulation ..
- Role of Protein Kinase C in Isoforms in Bile formation and CholestasisMOHAMMED SAWKAT ANWER; Fiscal Year: 2013..the role of aPKC , Rab4 and phosphorylation in Ntcp translocation and started defining the role of nPKC , nPKC and p38 MAPK in Mrp2 translocation...
- Tumor suppressor qualities and mechanisms of LZAP activityWendell G Yarbrough; Fiscal Year: 2013..We have recently found and confirmed that LZAP binds the stress activated protein kinase, p38 MAPK (hereafter p38), and the wild-type p53 induced phosphatase, Wip1...
- Protein Kinase Signaling and Cell Cycle ControlMichael B Yaffe; Fiscal Year: 2013..the ATR-Chk1 and ATM-Chk2 pathways that are dedicated to responding solely to signals from DNA damage per se, the p38 MAPK-MK2 pathway is a much more global stress-response pathway that can also be activated by other types of ..
- The role of microglial-and neuron-specific MyD88 signaling in tauopathiesKiran Bhaskar; Fiscal Year: 2013..induces MAPT phosphorylation in primary neurons via activating neuronal IL1-receptor (IL1-R) and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) pathway...
- Adherence Activated Monocyte GenesGary Brewer; Fiscal Year: 2009..are cultured in the presence of either a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, or a MEK kinase inhibitor, or a p38 MAP kinase inhibitor...
- Anthrax Lethal Toxin-Induced Heart Failure: Role of PP2A and MAP KinasesDavid E Dostal; Fiscal Year: 2013..changes in left ventricular tissue suggests that cleavage of MEKs by anthrax LT causes an imbalance in ERK, JNK and p38 MAPK activity that results in PP2A activation and reduced contractile function...
- Epilepsy and dendritic excitabilityNICHOLAS POOLOS; Fiscal Year: 2009..A novel modulator of HCN channel gating, p38 mitogen- activated kinase (p38 MAPK), was characterized as well, with inhibition of p38 MAPK causing downregulation ..
- Novel CB ReceptorsNephi Stella; Fiscal Year: 2010..a stable endocannabinoid analog) activate phospholipase C, increase intracellular calcium and stimulate p38 MAP kinase phosphorylation in GPR55-expressing HEK293 cells...
- p38 MAPK in Ras-induced Senescence and TransformationPeiqing Sun; Fiscal Year: 2013DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The p38 MAPK pathway was initially identified as a mediator of inflammatory and stress responses...
- Tip60 in p38 and PRAK Mediated Oncogene-Induced Senescence and Tumor SuppressionPeiqing Sun; Fiscal Year: 2012..Studies from our lab indicate that the p38 MAPK and its downstream substrate kinase PRAK play a key role in oncogenic ras-induced senescence and tumor ..
- CERAMIDE ACTIVATED PROTEIN PHOSPHATASESYusuf Awni Hannun; Fiscal Year: 2013..to the hypothesis that the novel salvage pathway involving GBA1/ceramide/CAPP functions to regulate the activity of p38 MAPK, which in turn couples the GBA/ceramide pathway to the regulation of cytokine-induced inflammatory responses, ..
- NEUROMODULATION OF THE ANTIBODY RESPONSEVirginia M Sanders; Fiscal Year: 2012..CSR), through a mechanism that appears to inactivate Hematopoetic protein tyrosine phosphatase (HePTP) and enhance p38 MAPK phosphorylation to mediate an increase in ADAM10, which cleaves membrane CD23 to a soluble form...
- ETHANOL AND MAP KINASE CASCADESHIVENDRA SHUKLA; Fiscal Year: 2009..Based on new supporting data, it is hypothesized that "ethanol modulates p38 MAPK activity leading to downstream activation of nuclear mitogen and stress activated kinase-1 (MSK-1) and ..
- Hypoxia-induced Endothelial Barrier DysfunctionUsamah Kayyali; Fiscal Year: 2009..Preliminary studies have led to the hypothesis that exposure to hypoxia initiates cell signaling through the p38 MAP kinase pathway involving MK2 and HSP27 activation that leads to actin cytoskeleton and hic-5 redistribution...
- NGF-Dependent Sensitization of Nociceptors by OpiatesFrank Porreca; Fiscal Year: 2012..and an increase in expression of NGF in peripheral tissues;(b) increase NGF-dependent phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (pp38 MAPK) in TrkA-positive cells, (c) increase NGF-dependent and pp38 MAPK-dependent trafficking of the ..
- REGULATION OF SEROTONIN TRANSPORTERSRandy D Blakely; Fiscal Year: 2010..In Specific Aim II, we examine the role of p38 mitogen associated protein kinase (MAPK) in modulating SERT intrinsic activities...
- Regulation of p38 and inflammation by MAPK kinasesGary S Firestein; Fiscal Year: 2013..have been identified, including c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), extracellular regulating kinase (ERK), and p38 MAP kinase. p38 is thought to be especially relevant to rheumatoid arthritis (RA) because it is activated in RA synovium ..
- Chymase-Mediated MMP Activation in Ishemia Reperfusion InjuryLOUIS JOSEPH DELL'ITALIA; Fiscal Year: 2013..will study the time course of FAK dephosphorylation and activation of downstream signaling pathways ERK, JNK, p38 MAP kinase and NF:B, which are known to activate MMPs...
- P38 MAP KINASE SIGNALING IN SKINTatiana Efimova; Fiscal Year: 2013..The p38 MAPK family members function in a cell type-specific and cell context-specific manner to regulate cell ..
- Neuroprotection by IFN-beta in AIDSMarcus Kaul; Fiscal Year: 2013..that RANTES and MIP-1? via CCR5 reduce the activity of the pro-inflammatory and stress-related p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) and protect cerebrocortical neurons against neurotoxicity of HIV/gp120 in an Akt-dependent ..
- The Postischemia Inflammatory Syndrome in the Aged KidneyKATHERINE JULIA KELLY; Fiscal Year: 2013..both systemic, particularly interleukins (interleukin)-1 and -6, and intrarenal (angiotensin II and p38 mitogen activated protein kinase) mediators regulate ICAM-1 and LOX-1 and therefore inflammation and function in the aged, diabetic ..
- Regulation of Bile Acid Synthesis by Nuclear Receptors in VivoGregorio Gil; Fiscal Year: 2012..12-hydroxylases, by a two-step mechanism: first, bile acids suppress HNF-4 through a process mediated by the p38 MAP kinase pathway (a novel observation recently made in the P.I...
- Retinoid Mediated Protection Against Reactive Oxygen Species Induced CytotoxicitySerrine S Lau; Fiscal Year: 2013..Specifically, those mediators are Nrf2, Grp78, and p38 MAPK, each of which is also a key mediator of ischemia preconditioning...
- MOLECULAR MODELS OF IMMUNE-MEDIATED VASCULAR INJURYJeffrey R Bender; Fiscal Year: 2012..of T cell LFA-1-mediated HuR translocation and mRNA stabilization, focusing on the Rac downstream targets p38 MAPK, MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2) and novel, T cell-specific MK2 targets, using pharmacologic inhibitors, ..
- CHONDROPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF POMEGRANATE EXTRACTTariq M Haqqi; Fiscal Year: 2010..reported that PFE exert a potent inhibitory effect on IL-1[unreadable]-induced activation of MAPK sub-groups p38-MAPK and JNK, transcription factor NF-?B and the expression of MMPs by human cartilage explants and chondrocytes in ..
- Targeting Injury Pathways to Counteract Pulmonary Agent and Vesicant ToxicitySven Eric Jordt; Fiscal Year: 2013..TRP channel, through influx of calcium, activate p38 MAP kinase, a major transducer and activator of inflammation and cell death in injured tissue...
- Renal Angiotensin II Receptor Function in ObesityTahir Hussain; Fiscal Year: 2013..Aim 1 will study the role of p38 MAP kinase and transcription factors IRF-1 and C/EBP2 in increasing AT2 receptor expression by high glucose ..
- Beta-adrenergic regulation of adipose tissue function by PKA and MAP kinasesSheila Collins; Fiscal Year: 2009..that additional signaling cascades emanate from [unreadable]ARs in adipocytes, and these include the ERK and p38 MAP kinase pathways...
- Histone Deacetylation Regulates Growth Plate DevelopmentLei Wei; Fiscal Year: 2013..of HDAC4 control chondrocyte differentiation and are regulated by Ca2+/calmodulin kinase IV (CaMKIV), p38 MAP kinase, and microRNA-1 respectively at different zone in the growth plate...
- Regulation of Neuronal Survival by the Rit GTPaseDOUGLAS ALLEN ANDRES; Fiscal Year: 2012..and neurotrophin-initiated signals, to activate a distinct pro-survival signaling cascade that relies upon p38 MAP kinase signaling...
- MECHANISMS OF CHONDROPROTECTION BY POMEGRANATE FRUIT EXTRACTTariq M Haqqi; Fiscal Year: 2011..work from this laboratory has shown that PFE exert a potent inhibitory effect on IL-IB-induced activation of p38-MAPK and JNK, NF-kB and expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) by human cartilage explants and chondrocytes ..
- Cardiovascular effects of GLP-1 in obesity/metabolic syndromeJohnathan D Tune; Fiscal Year: 2013..g. cAMP, PKA, p38 MAPK) and the regulation of myocardial glucose and fatty acid transporters (e.g. GLUT4, FAT/CD36) in lean vs...
- Mechanism of Neutrophil ActivationKenneth R McLeish; Fiscal Year: 2013..Specific Objective 3 will test the working hypothesis that p38 MAPK phosphorylates multiple proteins that mediate events necessary for priming, including exocytosis and Pin1 ..
- INFLAMMATORY RESPONSES IN THE TOXICITY OF RICINBruce Magun; Fiscal Year: 2009..translation, but also the intense and extended activation of the stress-activated protein kinases such as JNK and p38 MAPK...
- Molecular Mechanisms and Treatment of Primary Amyloid AL CardiomyopathyRonglih Liao; Fiscal Year: 2013..and demonstrated that human amyloidogenic LC (AL-LC) provoke a cardiotoxic effects via activation of non-canonical p38 MAPK signaling cascade and subsequently lead to increase cellular oxidant stress, altered calcium homeostasis, ..
- ETHANOL REGULATION OF KUPFFER CELL SIGNAL TRANSDUCTIONLaura E Nagy; Fiscal Year: 2013..for ethanol-induced sensitization of LPS-stimulated TNF-1 expression, focusing TLR-4-mediated activation of p38 MAPK and regulation of mRNA stability...
- Effects of Macronutrients on Regulation of Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in HumanGuenther Boden; Fiscal Year: 2013..IRE-1, the proximal ER stress sensor, which is connected to activation of stress kinases (including JNK and p38 MAPK) which are known to inhibit insulin signaling and stimulate synthesis and release of proinflammatory cytokines...
- Regulation of Obesity by the Alpha-arrestin ARRDC3Ronald B Myers; Fiscal Year: 2013..use both overexpression and loss of expression and a mutagenesis study to examine the effect of ARRDC3 on cAMP and p38 MAPK signaling in response to [unreadable]3-specific agonist...
- Role of Cholesterol in Age-related Decline in SteroidogenesisSalman Azhar; Fiscal Year: 2013..and PBR/TSPO;b) cellular antioxidant levels, oxidative damage and antioxidant status;and c) alteration in the ASK1- p38 MAPK signaling cascade...
- Alcohol-Induced Fatty Liver and Injury in Humanized CYP2E1 Knockin Mice.Arthur I Cederbaum; Fiscal Year: 2011..We propose that oxidants such as peroxynitrite, activation of MAP kinases such as JNK and/or p38 MAPK, a decline in activation of NF-:B and synthesis of survival factors, and mitochondrial dysfunction are ..
- CARP-1: A Potential Therapeutic Agent for Breast CancerARUN KUMAR RISHI; Fiscal Year: 2013..CFM-4 binds with CARP-1, leads to increased CARP- 1 levels, activates pro-apoptotic p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), caspases-9 and 3, and apoptosis...
- Genetic variation and regulatory networks: Mechanisms and complexityDANA PE ER; Fiscal Year: 2009..These tools will be made publicly available, including a friendly graphical user interface and visualization. ..
- Regulation of airway epithelial repairSteven R White; Fiscal Year: 2010..cytokines activate specific signaling pathways that activate the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), such as p38 MARK and JNK, that in turn initiate early steps in the migration of airway epithelial cells to cover damaged ..
- Stress resistance in neurons from primate iPS cellsPeter J Hornsby; Fiscal Year: 2013..While stress resistance is complex, there are three key pathways: NF-?B, p38 MAP kinase, and cell thiol metabolism, that have been implicated in the adverse effects of oxidative stress and ..
- NEUROCHEMICAL MECHANISMS OF VISCERAL PAINRichard J Traub; Fiscal Year: 2013..in the same dorsal horn neurons, expression in glial cells, differential activation of MAPK pathways (ERK, p38 MAPK, JNK) in visceral nociceptive processing and the effect of activation of MAPK pathways on the response of the ..
- Fibrosis-Protease Cross-Talk Regulating Pancreatic Cancer InvasionHidayatullah G Munshi; Fiscal Year: 2013..Our preliminary data also indicate that MT1-MMP increases cyclin D1 expression and enhances p38 MAPK signaling to promote growth in collagen-rich microenvironment...
- In vivo suppression of SIV-mediated immune activationAnna Aldovini; Fiscal Year: 2013..b>p38 MAPK, which has been reported to be activated in HIV and SIV infection, is key in the pathway of induction of ISG ..
- Elucidating the Fas-activated inflammation-signaling complex (FISC)Mihail Iordanov; Fiscal Year: 2013..pathways that activate the nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB), the stress-activated protein kinases (SAPK) JNK and p38 MAP kinase, and the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-Ras-ERK MAP kinase cascade...
- Consortium for Translational Research in Marfan SyndromeFRANCESCO B RAMIREZ; Fiscal Year: 2013..TGFB activation (Project 2), matrix-Induced perturbations of aorta homeostasis and repair (Project 3), and improper p38 MAPK activity and unbalanced TGFB and BMP signaling in the vascular and skeletal systems, respectively (Project 4)...
- The Role of Type III TGF-beta Receptor in the Fibrotic Tumor StromaRACHEL HESLER; Fiscal Year: 2013..TGF-? induces p38 MAPK signaling via TRAF6, and our preliminary studies indicate TGF?-p38 MAPK signaling plays an important role in ..
- Anti-Promoting Effects of Triterpenes Alone or Combined with Other PhytochemicalsThomas J Slaga; Fiscal Year: 2013..including new data added to this application, we have found that UA had inhibitory effects on epidermal Akt, NFkB, p38 MAPK and JNK activation induced by TPA treatment. UA also inhibited TPA-induced epidermal hyperproliferation...
- Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid-1 Sensitization in InflammationJARED MICHAEL SPRAGUE; Fiscal Year: 2013..We will begin with compounds that are known to block important signaling molecules such as PKA, PKC, PI3K, and p38 MAPK with the objective of finding key pathways important for TRPV1 sensitization...
- Targeting IL-1beta as a strategy for symptom control in cancerLisa J Wood; Fiscal Year: 2013..of ZAK, a MAP3K activated by the chemotherapeutic agent, that prolongs and intensifies the activation of JNK and p38 MAPK and synergizes with NF-kB to amplify the expression of pro-IL-1b...
- Effectiveness of minocycline for reducing symptoms in pancreatic cancer patientsXin Shelley Wang; Fiscal Year: 2013..system, which it accomplishes by inhibiting microglial activation and proliferation through inhibition of the p38 MAKP pathway...
- Transcription & Function of Adipocyte Beta3AR in ObesitySheila Collins; Fiscal Year: 2006..Aims proposed: (1) to characterize the signal transduction pathway linking the betaARs in adipocytes to the p38 MAP kinase; to test the hypothesis that Rac1/Cdc42 and the MLKs are activated by PKA and, in turn, directly activate MKK3/..
- Role of p38 MAPK in IL-4-induced IL-6 expression in vascular endotheliumYongwoo Lee; Fiscal Year: 2007..the proposed project, we hypothesize that IL-4 may induce inflammatory pathways in vascular endothelium through the p38 MAPK-mediated up-regulation of IL-6 expression...
- Novel Bioactive Lipid Receptors in Growth RegulationYan Xu; Fiscal Year: 2005..We hypothesize that p38 MAP kinase plays a critical role in mediating the growth inhibitory effect of SPC...
- Macrophage Foam Cells, Cathepsins and Cholesterol EffluxALAN RICHARD TALL; Fiscal Year: 2010..by binding of RANK ligand to RANK (Receptor Activator of NFkB) on macrophages and requiring activation of p38 MAP kinase. In Aim1 we will further define the relationship between different endosomal cholesterol pools, induction of ..
- ERYTHROPOIETIN AND THE REGULATION OF ERYTHROPOIESISSanford Krantz; Fiscal Year: 2003..In addition, withdrawal of EPO activates the Jun N-terminal kinases (JNKs) and p38 MAP kinase which also produce apoptosis...