Genomes and Genes
Gene Symbol: C2
Description: complement component 2
Alias: ARMD14, CO2, C3/C5 convertase, complement C2, complement component C2
Publications242 found, 100 shown here
- Variation in factor B (BF) and complement component 2 (C2) genes is associated with age-related macular degenerationBert Gold
Laboratory of Genomic Diversity, National Cancer Institute, Frederick, Maryland 21702, USA
Nat Genet 38:458-62. 2006..We screened factor B (BF) and complement component 2 (C2) genes, located in the major histocompatibility complex class III region, for genetic variation in two independent ..
- Genetic variants of the HLA-A, HLA-B and AIF1 loci show independent associations with type 1 diabetes in Norwegian familiesM C Eike
Institute of Immunology, Rikshospitalet University Hospital, Oslo, Norway
Genes Immun 10:141-50. 2009..Our results illustrate the importance of a comprehensive adjustment for LD effects when performing association studies in this complex...
- Complement component 3: an assessment of association with AMD and analysis of gene-gene and gene-environment interactions in a Northern Irish cohortGareth J McKay
Centre for Vision and Vascular Sciences, Queen s University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland BT12 6BA, UK
Mol Vis 16:194-9. 2010..We assess its effect on AMD risk in a Northern Irish sample, test for gene-gene and gene-environment interaction, and review a risk prediction model...
- Prediction model for prevalence and incidence of advanced age-related macular degeneration based on genetic, demographic, and environmental variablesJohanna M Seddon
Ophthalmic Epidemiology and Genetics Service, Tufts University School of Medicine and Tufts Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts 02111, USA
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:2044-53. 2009..The joint effects of genetic, ocular, and environmental variables were evaluated and predictive models for prevalence and incidence of AMD were assessed...
- C2 and CFB genes in age-related maculopathy and joint action with CFH and LOC387715 genesJohanna Jakobsdottir
Department of Biostatistics, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America
PLoS ONE 3:e2199. 2008..Two other complement pathway genes, the closely linked complement component receptor (C2) and complement factor B (CFB), were recently shown to harbor variants associated with ARM.
- Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 induces expression of complement factors in human astrocytesC Speth
Ludwig Boltzmann Institute for AIDS Research and Institute for Hygiene and Social Medicine, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria
J Virol 75:2604-15. 2001..lines and primary astrocytes with HIV-1 induced a marked upregulation of the expression of the complement factors C2 and C3. The synthesis of other secreted or membrane-bound complement proteins was not found to be altered...
- Further assessment of the complement component 2 and factor B region associated with age-related macular degenerationGareth J McKay
Centre for Vision Sciences, Queen s University of Belfast, Belfast, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:533-9. 2009....
- Responses of the red blood cells from two high-energy-demand teleosts, yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) and skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis), to catecholaminesT E Lowe
Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu 96822, USA
J Comp Physiol B 168:405-18. 1998..We also use our data to investigate the extent of the Haldane effect and its relationship to blood O2 and CO2 transport in yellowfin tuna. Yellowfin tuna blood shows a large Haldane effect; intracellular pH increases 0...
- [General environmental pollutants and passive smoking]R Meister
Marienkrankenhaus, , Asthma und Allergie, Bad Lippspringe
Pneumologie 44:378-86. 1990..Interiors are characterised by an accumulation of CO2, CO, NO2, dust aerosols and various organic substances such as benzene, benzypyrene, formaldehyde, nitrosamines etc...
- Trace gases generated in closed plant cultivation systems and their effects on plant growthA Tani
Osaka Prefecture University, Sakai
Biol Sci Space 9:314-26. 1995..Ethylene release rates of intact lettuce plant were affected by cultivation conditions such as ambient CO2 concentration, light intensity and light/dark period...
- [Effects of angiotensin II and pressure on cellular fibronectin in the vascular wall in organotypic culture]N Bardy
INSERM U141, , Paris
Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 87:991-5. 1994..Vessels were pressurized at 0, 80 or 150 mmHg, and kept for 3 days in incubator at 37 degrees C under 5% CO2. De novo synthesis of fibronectin was detected by immunofluorescence using anti-cellular fibronectin antibodies (1/..
- A role for endothelin in bicuculline-induced neurogenic pulmonary oedema in ratsC Herbst
Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Ruhr University, Bochum, Germany
Br J Pharmacol 115:753-60. 1995..49 +/- 1.20 kPa to 7.51 +/- 2.21 kPa (P < 0.01) and arterial CO2 partial pressure (PaCO2) significantly increased from 4.64 +/- 0.56 kPa to 8.15 +/- 0.99 kPa (P < 0.01)...
- Loss of contractile activity of endothelin-1 induced by electrical field stimulation-generated free radicalsN Yasuda
Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan
Br J Pharmacol 113:21-8. 1994..5. The exchange of 95% O2/5% CO2 gas for 95% N2/5% CO2 gas significantly inhibited the EFS-induced decrease in release of ir-ET-1. 6...
- Raman spectroscopy of DNA-metal complexes. I. Interactions and conformational effects of the divalent cations: Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Mn, Co, Ni, Cu, Pd, and CdJ Duguid
Department of Biochemistry, University of Minnesota, St Paul 55108
Biophys J 65:1916-28. 1993Interactions of divalent metal cations (Mg2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Sr2+, Mn2+, Co2+, Ni2+, Cu2+, Pd2+, and Cd2+) with DNA have been investigated by laser Raman spectroscopy...
- Effects of very high antibiotic concentrations on human intervertebral disc cell proliferation, viability, and metabolism in vitroG L Hoelscher
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Carolinas Medical Center, Charlotte, North Carolina, USA
Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 25:1871-7. 2000..metabolism because it reflects the excretion over time of acidic products such as lactic acid from glycolysis and CO2 from cellular respiration...
- Hyperpolarization by opioids acting on mu-receptors of a sub-population of rat periaqueductal gray neurones in vitroB Chieng
Department of Pharmacology, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
Br J Pharmacol 113:121-8. 1994..1 microM tetrodotoxin + 4 mM Co2+, n = 3). 3...
- Milk intake, growth and energy consumption in pups of ice-breeding grey seals (Halichoerus grypus) from the Gulf of St. Lawrence, CanadaC Lydersen
University of Oslo, Department of Biology, Norway
J Comp Physiol B 164:585-92. 1995..The total water influx was measured to be 43.23 +/- 8.07 ml.kg-1.day-1. Average CO2 production was 0.85 +/- 0.20 ml.g-1.h-1, which corresponds to a field metabolic rate of 0.55 +/- 0.13 MJ.kg-1...
- Relationship between six-minute walking test and pulmonary function and ventilatory drive in patients with airflow limitationL L Chiang
Second Section of Thoracic Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Fu-Shin Street, Kweishan, Taoyuan, Taiwan
Chang Gung Med J 24:159-66. 2001..1 were measured before drawing blood gases. Then, a 6-minute walking test with pulse-oxymetry and end tidal CO2 monitoring was performed. Ventilation efficiency (O2SATp & ETCO2) was recorded every 6 seconds during exercise...
- Vascular actions of purines in the foetal circulation of the human placentaM A Read
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, John Hunter Hospital, NSW, Australia
Br J Pharmacol 110:454-60. 1993..placenta were bilaterally perfused in vitro with Krebs buffer (maternal and foetal sides 5 ml min-1 each, 95% O2:5% CO2, 37 degrees C)...
- Inhibition of hypoxia-induced relaxation of rabbit isolated coronary arteries by NG-monomethyl-L-arginine but not glibenclamideC Jiang
Department of Cardiac Medicine, University of London
Br J Pharmacol 111:711-6. 1994..glibenclamide on hypoxia-induced coronary artery relaxation, induced by bubbling Krebs solution with 95% N2 and 5% CO2 instead of 95% O2 and 5% CO2, were assessed by measuring the changes in isometric tension in isolated epicardial ..
- [Effects of nicorandil, a potassium agonist, on the human umbilical artery. Role of the vascular endothelium]A Tiritilli
Laboratoire de Physiologie et Pharmacologie Cardiovasculaire, , Saint-Gerrmainen-Laye
Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 88:1095-9. 1995..Rings of human umbilical artery 3 mm wide were placed in glycosated, oxygenated (95% O2, 5% CO2) Krebs-Henseleit solution, at 37 degrees C, pH 7.4 for isometric myography...
- [Studies on the influence of releasing hormones TRH and CRH on respiratory regulation]M Nink
III. Medizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Innere Medizin,
Pneumologie 45:246-8. 1991..persists also during hypercapnia, as we showed in patients and in 12 healthy test subjects while re-breathing CO2: when compared to placebo, CRH i.v. (200 micrograms...
- The effects of endogenous or exogenous catecholamines on blood respiratory status during acute hypoxia in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)S F Perry
Laboratoire de Physiologie Animale, , Brest, France
J Comp Physiol B 161:489-97. 1991..on blood respiratory/acid-base status, and to provide in vivo evidence for adrenergic retention of carbon dioxide (CO2) in fish blood (cf. Wood and Perry 1985)...
- The electrogenic Na/HCO3 cotransporterW F Boron
Department of Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
Wien Klin Wochenschr 109:445-56. 1997..Our expression assay was to apply 1.5% CO2/10 mM HCO3- (pH 7.5), allow pHi to stabilize from the CO2-induced acidification, and then remove bath Na+...
- Capacity of enzymes of the euphorbiacea Aleurites montana involved in CO2-fixation, compared to plants having C3-, C4- and Crassulacean acid metabolismN Grotjohann
, , , Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Z Naturforsch C 55:383-91. 2000..ME) and of malate dehydrogenase (MDH) were measured in the Euphorbiacea Aleurites montana, grown under 700 ppm CO2 for four weeks prior to enzyme extraction. For comparison Bryophyllum daigremontiana (CAM)...
- The kinetics of hydroxyl-radical-induced strand breakage of hyaluronic acid. A pulse radiolysis study using conductometry and laser-light-scatteringD J Deeble
, Bundesrepublik Deutschland
Z Naturforsch C 45:1031-43. 1990..g. at pH 7 G(strand breaks) = 0.7 x 10(-7) mol J-1 and at pH 10.4, 4.8 x 10(-7) mol J-7. The radiolytic yields of CO2, H2O2, organic hydroperoxides, O2...
- [Toluene diisocyanate-induced bronchial hyperreactivity in an animal model of occupationally-induced lung diseases]W Marek
Pneumologie 47:215-22. 1993..of inspiratory pressure generation (dPoes/TI), arterial pressure (Pa) or arterial blood-gas tensions (PaO2, Pa-CO2) within time of exposure...
- Effects of PTH(1-34) on blood pressure, renal function, and hormones in essential hypertension: the altered pattern of reactivity may counteract raised blood pressureB Jespersen
Department of Medicine and Nephrology B, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Hypertens 10:1356-67. 1997..The pulse rate rose to a similar extent in the two groups, but cardiac output, measured by the CO2 rebreathing technique, was unchanged...
- Activation of rabbit platelets by Ca2+ influx and thromboxane A2 release in an external Ca(2+)-dependent manner by zooxanthellatoxin-A, a novel polyolM C Rho
Department of Pharmaceutical Molecular Biology, Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
Br J Pharmacol 115:433-40. 1995..2. ZT-A did not cause platelet aggregation or increase [Ca2+]i in a Ca(2+)-free solution, and Cd2+ (0.1-1 mM), Co2+ (1-10 mM) and Mn2+ (1-10 mM) inhibited ZT-A-induced aggregation...
- On the role of Ca2(+)-calmodulin-dependent and cAMP-dependent protein phosphorylation in the circadian rhythm of Neurospora crassaD Techel
Department of Biology, University of Bremen, Federal Republic of Germany
J Comp Physiol B 159:695-706. 1990Pulses of some Ca2+ channel blockers (dantrolene, Co2+, nifedipine) and calmodulin inhibitors (chlorpromazine) lead to medium (maximally 5-9 h) phase shifts of the circadian conidiation rhythm of Neurospora crassa...
- Resting distribution and stimulated translocation of protein kinase C isoforms alpha, epsilon and zeta in response to bradykinin and TNF in human endothelial cellsD Ross
Department of Physiology, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City 37614, USA
Endothelium 5:321-32. 1997..HUVEC were incubated at 37 degrees C and 5% CO2 for 1 min, 15 min and 3 h with either bradykinin (1 microM) or TNF (100 U/ml)...
- [Postnatal development of breathing control]T Schafer
Abteilung fur angewandte Physiologie, Ruhr Universitat Bochum
Pneumologie 51:411-4. 1997..The thresholds of the chemosensitive systems adapt during the first hours and days of life (CO2 sensitivity) or weeks (hypoxic sensitivity)...
- Inhibition by opioids acting on mu-receptors of GABAergic and glutamatergic postsynaptic potentials in single rat periaqueductal gray neurones in vitroB Chieng
Department of Pharmacology, University of Sydney, NSW, Australia
Br J Pharmacol 113:303-9. 1994..and were abolished during superfusion with solutions containing tetrodoxotoxin (100 nM to 1 microM, n = 5) or Co2+ (4 mM, n = 2). 3...
- Energy intake and utilisation by nursing bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus) pups from Svalbard, NorwayC Lydersen
Norwegian Polar Institute, , Norway
J Comp Physiol B 166:405-11. 1996..Average daily water influx for the pups was 69.5 +/- 9.0 ml.kg-1. day-1. Average CO2 production during the study period was 0.99 +/- 0.10 ml.g-1...
- The influence of endothelin-1 on human foeto-placental blood vessels: a comparison with 5-hydroxytryptamineM R MacLean
Autonomic Physiology Unit, Institute of Physiology, Glasgow University
Br J Pharmacol 106:937-41. 1992..Arterial preparations were gassed with 2.5% O2, 8% CO2 balance N2 and venous preparations were gassed with 5% O2, 6% CO2 balance N2 to simulate the conditions prevalent ..
- Acute cardiovascular effect of 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol in essential hypertensionB Jespersen
Department of Medicine, Herlev Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Am J Hypertens 11:659-66. 1998..hypertensive patients, a transient increase in blood pressure and a reciprocal fall in cardiac output measured by a CO2 rebreathing technique (-15%, P < .05) were observed after 1,25-D injection...
- [Standardization of the Neisseria meningitidis antibiogram. Detection of strains relatively resistant to penicillin]P Nicolas
Bull World Health Organ 76:393-400. 1998..agar dilution (reference method), E-test and disc diffusion method on Mueller-Hinton agar at 37 degrees C with 5% CO2 enabled us to standardize the antibiograms...
- Differential role of two Ca(2+)-permeable non-NMDA glutamate channels in rat retinal ganglion cells: kainate-induced cytoplasmic and nuclear Ca2+ signalsT Leinders-Zufall
Department of Neurology, Yale University School of Medicine, West Haven, Connecticut
J Neurophysiol 72:2503-16. 1994..In addition, divalent-permeable non-NMDA receptor channels were studied in retinal slices using a Co2+ staining technique. 2. Using Ca2+ (2...
- Similarity of PO2 and PCO2 values in the air cell of eggs of birds and in the alveolar gas of humans at sea level and at high altitudeC Monge
Department of Physiological Sciences, Instituto de Investigaciones de la Altura IIA, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
J Comp Physiol B 164:156-8. 1994..Air cell O2 (48.3 +/- 1.6 torr) and CO2 (20.9 +/- 0...
- Inhibition of acidification rate in cultured fibroblasts by glucocorticoids. Application of silicon microphysiometry to endocrinologyD M Redish
Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, California
Horm Metab Res 25:264-7. 1993..space of acidic metabolic products of glycolysis, respiration, and ATP hydrolysis, including lactic acid, CO2, and protons...
- [Haemophilus aphrophilus isolated from the blood of a patient with infective endocarditis]I Yoshioka
Department of Medical Laboratory, Kansai Denryoku Hospital
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 69:777-84. 1995..Atmosphere with 5% CO2 failed to enhance their growth. All the five strains of H. aphrophilus isolated, required neither factors V nor X...
- The effects of exogenous extracellular carbonic anhydrase on CO2 excretion in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss): role of plasma buffering capacityP R Desforges
Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
J Comp Physiol B 171:465-73. 2001..An injection of 5 mg kg(-1) carbonic anhydrase equally reduced (after 90 min) the arterial partial pressure of CO2 in trout with regular (-0.23+/-0.05 Torr) or high (-0.20+/-0...
- [Cardiac adaptation to muscular exercise in children after complete repair of tetralogy of Fallot]S Guillaumont
, CHU Arnaud-de-Villeneuve, Montpellier
Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 89:587-92. 1996..stress test with incremental load on a bicycle ergometer was carried out with measurement of the cardiac output by CO2 rebreathing (experimental method)...
- [Laser assisted uvulopalatoplasty (LAUP) in the treatment of snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome]G Namysłowski
Katedra i Oddział Kliniczny Laryngologii Slaskiej AM w Zabrzu
Otolaryngol Pol 55:363-8. 2001..by turbinate hypertrophy or septal deviation we performed septoplasty or partial inferior turbinectomy by laser CO2. In some cases with palatin or lingual tonsils hypertrophy we also performed tonsillectomy or lingual tonsil laser ..
- Properties of a protein from Staphylococcus capitis that binds human serum high density lipoproteinA Osland
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Gade Institute, University of Bergen, Norway
Zentralbl Bakteriol Mikrobiol Hyg A 268:435-47. 1988..Growth of the bacteria on medium containing cysteine or in presence of CO2, was found to induce the synthesis of this factor...
- Comparison between the growth of Yersinia enterocolitica, listeria monocytogenes, escherichia coli O157:H7 and salmonella spp. in ground beef packed by three commercially used packaging techniquesH Nissen
MATFORSK, Norwegian Food Research Institute, Oslovn
Int J Food Microbiol 59:211-20. 2000..coli O157:H7 and strains of Salmonella were compared in ground beef packed in modified atmospheres of 60% CO2/40% N2/0...
- [Acute disorder of ventilation-perfusion of the lung caused by inhalative smoking of 20 cigarettes]F W Rieben
Medizinische Universitäts Klinik, Heidelberg
Pneumologie 49:596-600. 1995..025) by 1.0 (mmHg) in ergometric exercise (women 75 Watts, men 100 Watts) as well as of the partial pressure of CO2 (p < 0.05) by 0.9 (mmHg) at rest. At the same time, the alveolo-arterial CO2 difference increased (p < 0...
- Bicarbonate permeability and immunological evidence for an anion exchanger-like protein in the red blood cells of the sea lamprey, Petromyzon marinusB A Cameron
Department of Biology, Queen s University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada
J Comp Physiol B 166:197-204. 1996..Results of the physiological experiments which measured CO2 production after adding H14CO3- to the extracellular saline, indicated significant transmembrane bicarbonate ..
- [Effect of surgical positioning and spinal anesthesia on lung function]B Rassler
Pneumologie 55:31-7. 2001..Under spinal anaesthesia, the arterial O2 saturation and the end-expiratory partial pressure of CO2 were measured additionally...
- UDP-glucose: flavonol 7-O-glucosyltransferase activity in flower extracts of Chrysanthemum segetumK Stich
TU Wien, , Technische Mikroskopie und Organische Rohstofflehre, Vienna, Austria
Z Naturforsch C 52:153-8. 1997..Addition of Mg2+, Ca2+ and KCN slightly stimulated 7-O-glucosylation, whereas Co2+, Cu2+, Fe2+, Hg2+, p-hydroxymercuribenzoate and N-ethylmaleimide showed a strong inhibitory effect...
- On-line computer system to minimize laser injuries during surgery: preliminary system layout and proposal of the key featuresF Canestri
Hewlett Packard Company GmbH, , Germany
Proc Inst Mech Eng H 213:69-76. 1999..According to surgeons operating with a variety of CO2 lasers available at both the National Cancer Institute in Milan, Italy, and the Sackler School of Medicine, Tel ..
- Activity, milk intake and energy consumption in free-living ringed seal (Phoca hispida) pupsC Lydersen
University of Oslo, Department of Biology, Norway
J Comp Physiol B 163:433-8. 1993..The total water flux was measured to be 52 +/- 10 ml.kg-1.day-1. Average CO2 production was 0.85 +/- 0.16 ml.g-1.h-1, corresponding to a field metabolic rate of 0.55 +/- 0.10 MJ.kg-1...
- Pulmonary receptors in reptiles: discharge patterns of receptor populations in snakes versus turtlesL Sundin
Department of Zoology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada
J Comp Physiol B 171:103-11. 2001This study examines the effects of lung inflation/deflation with and without CO2 on the entire population of pulmonary receptors in the vagus nerve in two species of snakes and two species of turtles...
- [Infectious endocarditis induced by Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. 8 new cases]A Grand
Service de cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier de Valence
Arch Mal Coeur Vaiss 87:1721-9. 1994..The diagnosis is confirmed on blood cultures but the organism grows slowly in CO2 enriched atmosphere...
- [Measurement of the Fowler dead space in patients with pulmonary emphysema using C18O2]T Meyer
Pneumologie 55:126-9. 2001..1; expirogram 1). CO2 labeled with the stable oxygen isotope 18O (C18O2) is completely taken up in the gas exchanging region of the lung, ..
- Short-chain fatty acids and CO2 as regulators of Na+ and Cl- absorption in isolated sheep rumen mucosaG Gabel
Institut für Veterinärphysiologie, Freie Universitat Berlin, Federal Republic of Germany
J Comp Physiol B 161:419-26. 1991..In both CO2/HCO3(-)-containing and CO2/HCO3(-)-free solutions, replacement of gluconate by short-chain fatty acids (SCFA, 39mM) ..
- [Efficiency of portable sleep apnea screening instruments]N Netzer
Klinik Bad Reichenhall der LVA Niederbayern/Oberpfalz
Pneumologie 47:126-9. 1993..by parallel measurements on 19 female and male patients and controlled the results obtained by measurements with a CO2 infrared absorption spectrometer in our sleep lab...
- [In vitro exposure of a human bronchial epithelial cell line with nitrogen dioxide induces enhanced transcription and liberation of pro-inflammatory cytokines]K Kienast
Pneumologie 49:695-9. 1995..5 ppm with the apical fluids removed with 5% CO2 at 37 degrees C. The cells were hydrated with Hanks' Balanced Salt Solution (HBSS) in the basolateral compartment...
- Respiratory gas exchange, nitrogenous waste excretion, and fuel usage during starvation in juvenile rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykissR F Lauff
Department of Biology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
J Comp Physiol B 165:542-51. 1996Oxygen consumption, CO2 excretion, and nitrogenous waste excretion (75% ammonia-N and 25% urea-N) were measured daily in 4-g rainbow trout over a 15-day starvation period...
- Laparoscopic intestinal injury: a review and case presentationA Ostrzenski
Institute of Gynecology and the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of South Florida, Tampa, USA
J Natl Med Assoc 93:440-3. 2001..Enough time elapsed from laparoscopic surgery for CO2 and irrigation-fluid absorption; therefore, additional studies were ordered (an abdominal upright x-ray was ..
- Cerebral blood flow and CO2 reactivity in interictal migraineurs: a transcranial Doppler studyA Kastrup
Department of Neurology, , Germany
Headache 38:608-13. 1998..01). The broad overlap of cerebrovascular blood flow velocities and CO2 reactivities in patients and controls precluded identification of values diagnostic of migraine...
- Chronic cluster headache: provocation with carbon dioxide breathing and nitroglycerinJ Hannerz
Department of Neurology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden
Headache 36:174-7. 1996..artery blood flow, vascular resistance, and intensity and duration of pain before, during, and after breathing 6% CO2 in air for 6 minutes and before and after administration of 1 mg nitroglycerin sublingually...
- Energetics during nursing and early postweaning fasting in hooded seal (Cystophora cristata) pups from the Gulf of St Lawrence, CanadaC Lydersen
Norwegian Polar Institute, , Norway
J Comp Physiol B 167:81-8. 1997..During the nursing period the average daily water influx for the pups was 124.6 +/- 25.8 ml.kg-1. The average CO2 .production during this period was 1.10 +/- 0.20 ml.g-1...
- Gas chromatographic kinetic study of carbon monoxide oxidation over platinum-rhodium alloy catalystsD Gavril
Department of Chemistry, University of Patras, Greece
J Chromatogr A 852:507-23. 1999..All the catalysts show a maximum rate constant for the production of CO2 at a characteristic temperature close to that found in the literature...
- Effect of the putative cognitive enhancer, linopirdine (DuP 996), on quantal parameters of acetylcholine release at the frog neuromuscular junctionS D Provan
Department of Pharmacology, James H Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City 37614 0577
Br J Pharmacol 111:1103-10. 1994..3. Block of presynaptic Na(+)- and Ca(2+)-channels with 3 microM tetrodoxin and 1.8 mM Co2+ prevented the m.e.p.p. frequency increase to DuP996, and this effect was completely reversed by washing. 4...
- [Inducibility of tumor necrosis factor alpha to peritoneal macrophages and lethality to mice of clinical isolates of Staphylococcus aureus]N Endo
Department of Immunology, Kyorin University School of Health Sciences
Kansenshogaku Zasshi 72:231-7. 1998..aureus (21 strains)(S. aureus-CS) for 4 hrs at 37 degrees C in a 5% CO2-air humidified incubator, TNF alpha induction from the treated cells was observed in 20/21 strains...
- Active calcium ion transport Xenopus laevis skinS M Guirguis
Biological Sciences Department, California State Polytechnic University, Pomona 91768, USA
J Comp Physiol B 167:328-34. 1997..l-1; Ni2+ was also effective at 500 mumol.l-1 but Co2+ was ineffective up to 500 mumol.l-1...
- Chapter 1. Impacts of the oceans on climate changePhilip C Reid
Sir Alister Hardy Foundation for Ocean Science, The Laboratory, Citadel Hill, Plymouth PL1 2PB, United Kingdom
Adv Mar Biol 56:1-150. 2009..The oceans are also the main store of carbon dioxide (CO2), and are estimated to have taken up approximately 40% of anthropogenic-sourced CO2 from the atmosphere since the ..
- Effects of elevated carbon dioxide concentration on growth and nitrogen fixation in Alnus glutinosa in a long-term field experimentV M Temperton
Institute of Ecology and Resource Management, University of Edinburgh, Darwin Building, King s Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JU, UK
Tree Physiol 23:1051-9. 2003Nitrogen-fixing plant species may respond more positively to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations ([CO2]) than other species because of their ability to maintain a high internal nutrient supply...
- Mitigation of global greenhouse gas emissions from waste: conclusions and strategies from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report. Working Group III (Mitigation)Jean Bogner
Landfills, Inc, Wheaton, Illinois 60187, USA
Waste Manag Res 26:11-32. 2008..Emissions for 2004-2005 totalled 1.4 Gt CO2-eq year(-1) relative to total emissions from all sectors of 49 Gt CO2-eq year(-1) [including carbon dioxide (CO2), ..
- Ventilation time of the middle ear in otitis media with effusion (OME) after CO2 laser myringotomyBenedikt Sedlmaier
Ear, Nose and Throat Department, Medical Center Benjamin Franklin, Free University of Berlin, Germany
Laryngoscope 112:661-8. 2002..ventilation time, the healing course of the tympanic membrane, the early and late complications, and the recurrence rate of otitis media with effusion (OME) within 6 months after CO2 laser myringotomy with the CO2 laser otoscope Otoscan.
- Effect of modified atmosphere and temperature abuse on the growth from spores and cereulide production of Bacillus weihenstephanensis in a cooked chilled meat sausageLine Thorsen
Department of Food Science, Faculty of Life Science, Copenhagen University, Frederiksberg C, Denmark
Int J Food Microbiol 130:172-8. 2009..weihenstephanensis is sensitive to MAP containing CO2. The sensitivity to 20% CO2 was dependent on strain and oxygen level, being increased when oxygen was excluded from ..
- CO2/H(+) sensing: peripheral and central chemoreceptionSukhamay Lahiri
Department of Physiology, University of Pennsylvania Medical Center, Richards Building, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Int J Biochem Cell Biol 35:1413-35. 2003..But CO2 relates to ventilation and H(+) to kidney. Hence, the title of the chapter...
- Kinetic and mutational studies of the number of interacting divalent cations required by bacterial and human methionine aminopeptidasesXiaoyi V Hu
Department of Pharmacology and Molecular Sciences, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, 725 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
Biochemistry 46:12833-43. 2007..the mitochondrial targeting sequence (residues 1-55) have been characterized as metal-requiring proteases, with Co2+ being the best activator. At the optimal pH (8.0), the kcat of MetAP1D of 0...
- Effect of packaging atmosphere on the microbial attributes of pearlspot (Etroplus suratensis Bloch) stored at 0-2 degrees CC N Ravi Sankar
Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Cochin 682 029, India
Food Microbiol 25:518-28. 2008Effect of packaging atmosphere (air and under different modified atmospheres (MAs), 40% CO2/60% O2, 50%/50% O2, 60% CO2/40% O2, 70% CO2/30% O2 and 40% CO2/30% O2/30% N2) on the microbial and biochemical attributes of fresh pearlspot (..
- Low CO2 stimulates inositol phosphate turnover and increased inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate levels in piglet cerebral microvascular smooth muscle cellsM L Albuquerque
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Tennessee, Memphis 38163, USA
Proc Soc Exp Biol Med 209:14-9. 1995..The hypothesis that increased pH or decreased CO2 tension increases inositol phosphate turnover in piglet cerebral microvascular smooth muscle (SM) cells was ..
- [Air quality in schools - classroom levels of carbon dioxide (CO2), volatile organic compounds (VOC), aldehydes, endotoxins and cat allergen]H Fromme
Bayerisches Landesamt für Gesundheit und Lebensmittelsicherheit, Sachgebiet Umweltmedizin, Oberschleissheim
Gesundheitswesen 70:88-97. 2008..Indoor air climate parameters (temperature, relative humidity), carbon dioxide (CO2) and various volatile organic compounds, aldehydes and ketones were measured...
- Seasonal variation in CO2 efflux of stems and branches of Norway spruce treesManuel Acosta
Laboratory of Plants Ecological Physiology, Institute of Systems Biology and Ecology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Porici 3b, 603 00 Brno, The Czech Republic
Ann Bot 101:469-77. 2008..from May to October in four consecutive years in order (1) to evaluate the influence of temperature on woody tissue CO2 efflux with special focus on variation in Q10 (change in respiration rate resulting from a 10 degrees C increase in ..
- Photodynamic therapy for premalignant lesions in DMBA-treated hamsters: a preliminary studyJ S Kingsbury
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, State University of New York at Buffalo, School of Dental Medicine 14214, USA
J Oral Maxillofac Surg 55:376-81; discussion 381-2. 1997..The aim of this investigation was to determine if this premalignant tissue could be selectively destroyed by systemically administered Photofrin activated by 630 nm red light via an argon dye laser...
- The combined affects of modified atmosphere, temperature, nisin and ALTA 2341 on the growth of Listeria monocytogenesE A Szabo
Food Science Australia, North Ryde Laboratory, Sydney
Int J Food Microbiol 43:21-31. 1998..activity of the bacteriocins nisin and ALTA 2341 in combination with various atmospheres: air, 100% N2, 40% CO2:60% N2, or 100% CO2. Buffered tryptone soya broth (pH 6...
- Effects of an experimentally developed adhesive resin system and CO2 laser irradiation on direct pulp cappingMasaya Suzuki
Advanced Operative Dentistry Endodontics, Graduate School of Dentistry at Niigata, The Nippon Dental University, Japan
Oper Dent 30:702-18. 2005..process of rat pulp directly capped with various experimentally developed adhesive resin systems and treated with CO2 laser irradiation. The experimental adhesive resins used in this study were made from Clearfil Mega Bond (MB)...
- Control of carbon partitioning and photosynthesis by the triose phosphate/phosphate translocator in transgenic tobacco plants (Nicotiana tabacum). II. Assessment of control coefficients of the triose phosphate/phosphate translocatorR E Häusler
Botanisches Institut der Universitat zu Koln, Germany
Planta 210:383-90. 2000..TPT) were used to study the control the TPT exerts on the flux of starch and sucrose biosynthesis, as well as CO2 assimilation, respiration and photosynthetic electron transport...
- Diameter growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris) trees grown at elevated temperature and carbon dioxide concentration under boreal conditionsHeli Peltola
University of Joensuu, Faculty of Forestry, FIN 80101 Joensuu, Finland
Tree Physiol 22:963-72. 2002We investigated the impacts of elevated temperature and carbon dioxide concentration ([CO2]) on diameter growth of Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L...
- Collagen tightening induced by carbon dioxide laser versus erbium: YAG laserR E Fitzpatrick
Department of Medicine, University of California at San Diego, USA
Lasers Surg Med 27:395-403. 2000Pulsed CO2 laser resurfacing improves photodamage and acne scarring by ablation of abnormal tissue with subsequent regeneration and remodeling of collagen and through heat induced collagen contraction...
- CO2 assimilation, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, carbohydrates and photosynthetic electron transport probed by the JIP-test, of tea leaves in response to phosphorus supplyZheng He Lin
Institute of Horticultural Plant Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, 350002, PR China
BMC Plant Biol 9:43. 2009..This objective of this study was to determine how P deficiency affects CO2 assimilation, Rubisco, carbohydrates and photosynthetic electron transport in tea leaves to understand the ..
- Field sampling of the tick Amblyomma variegatum (Acari: Ixodidae) on pastures in Guadeloupe; attraction of CO2 and/or tick pheromones and conditions of useN Barre
CIRAD EMVT, Pointe à Pitre Guadeloupe, FWI, France
Exp Appl Acarol 21:95-108. 1997..b>CO2 was absolutely necessary to activate ticks, including the larvae...
- Maintenance of subcutaneous cavities with CO2Martin Iglesias
Plastic Surgery Service, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Mexico DF, Mexico
Ann Plast Surg 57:418-21. 2006..in endoscopic plastic surgery cause certain drawbacks, we developed a model in dogs, which, by insufflating CO2 into a subcutaneous cavity, we were able to maintain...
- Spatial and temporal performance of the miniface (free air CO2 enrichment) system on Bog Ecosystems in northern and Central EuropeF Miglietta
IATA-CNR, Institute of Agrometeorology and Environmental Analysis, National Research Council, P. le delle Cascine 18, 50144 Firenze, Italy
Environ Monit Assess 66:107-27. 2001..project was initiated to investigate, at five climatically different sites across Europe, the effects of elevated CO2 and N deposition on the net exchange of CO2 and CH4 between bogs and the atmosphere, and to study the effects of ..
- Elevated atmospheric CO2 and strain of rhizobium alter freezing tolerance and cold-induced molecular changes in alfalfa (Medicago sativa)Annick Bertrand
Agriculture and Agri Food Canada, 2560, Soils and Crops Research and Development Centre, 2560 Hochelaga Boulevard, Quebec, Quebec, G1V 2J3, Canada
Ann Bot 99:275-84. 2007The objective of the study was to assess the impact of elevated CO2 in interaction with rhizobial strains on freezing tolerance and cold-induced molecular changes in alfalfa.
- Microdrill, CO2-laser, and piezoelectric stapedotomy: a comparative studyDomenico Cuda
Department of Otolaryngology, Guglielmo da Saliceto Hospital, Piacenza, Italy
Otol Neurotol 30:1111-5. 2009..To compare 3 different devices used to perforate the stapes footplate in otosclerotic patients...
- Effects of carbon dioxide inhalation on hematology, coagulation, and serum clinical chemistry values in ratsG L Walter
MPI Research, Mattawan, Michigan, USA
Toxicol Pathol 27:217-25. 1999..at weekly intervals for 4 wk to evaluate the effects of inhalation of an anesthetic dose of carbon dioxide (CO2) or of a carbon dioxide-oxygen mixture (CO2/O2) on hematology, coagulation, and serum biochemistry values...
- Successful pig embryonic development in vitro outside a CO2 gas-regulated incubator: effects of pH and osmolalityManabu Ozawa
Genetic Diversity Department, National Institute of Agrobiological Sciences, Kannondai 2 1 2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305 8602, Japan
Theriogenology 65:860-9. 2006..the developmental ability of porcine embryos produced in vitro using tightly closed glass tubes in the absence of a CO2 gas-regulated incubator...
- Peritoneal, systemic, and distant organ inflammatory responses are reduced by a laparoscopic approach and carbon dioxide versus airB M Ure
Department of Pediatric Surgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Surg Endosc 16:836-42. 2002..surgery have, among other factors, been attributed to a shorter length of abdominal incision and the use of CO2 versus air. An analysis of these factors taking pressure-induced alterations into account is lacking...
- A randomized controlled study evaluating the effects of the temperature of insufflated CO2 on core body temperature and blood gases (an experimental study)E Bashirov
Department of General Surgery, Mustafa Kemal University School of Medicine, Bagriyanik Mah, 31100, Antakya, Hatay, Turkey
Surg Endosc 21:1820-5. 2007Heated carbon dioxide (CO2) was used for pneumoperitoneum (Pp) to prevent hypothermia...
- Increased propensity for central apnea in patients with obstructive sleep apnea: effect of nasal continuous positive airway pressureAnan Salloum
Wayne State University School of Medicine, Division of Pulmonary, Allergy, Critical Care and Sleep, Harper University Hospital, 3 Hudson 3990 John R, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
Am J Respir Crit Care Med 181:189-93. 2010..There is increasing evidence of increased ventilatory instability in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), but previous investigations have not studied whether the hypocapnic apneic threshold is altered in this group...
- Separation and capture of CO2 from large stationary sources and sequestration in geological formations--coalbeds and deep saline aquifersCurt M White
DOE, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15236, USA
J Air Waste Manag Assoc 53:645-715. 2003The topic of global warming as a result of increased atmospheric CO2 concentration is arguably the most important environmental issue that the world faces today. It is a global problem that will need to be solved on a global level...
- Stem juice production of the C4 sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum) is enhanced by growth at double-ambient CO2 and high temperatureJoseph C V Vu
United States Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service, Center for Medical, Agricultural and Veterinary Entomology, Chemistry Research Unit, 1600 1700 SW 23rd Drive, Gainesville, FL 32608 1069, USA
J Plant Physiol 166:1141-51. 2009..and CP88-1508) were grown for 3 months in paired-companion, temperature-gradient, sunlit greenhouses under daytime [CO2] of 360 (ambient) and 720 (double ambient) micromol mol(-1) and at temperatures of 1...
- Histopathologic and morphometric evaluation of the skin abnormalities induced by erbium:YAG and carbon dioxide lasers in 10 patientsL de Noronha
Division of Plastic Surgery, Hospital Nossa Senhora das Gracas, Laboratory of Experimental Pathology, Curitiba, Brazil
Plast Reconstr Surg 108:1380-8. 2001In the 1960s, carbon dioxide (CO2) laser therapy started to be applied to eliminate wrinkles, actinic scars, and acne because of its capacity of induce intracellular water vaporization...
- Leaf respiration at different canopy positions in sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua) grown in ambient and elevated concentrations of carbon dioxide in the fieldDavid T Tissue
Department of Biology, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409 3131, USA
Tree Physiol 22:1157-66. 2002Trees exposed to elevated CO2 partial pressure ([CO2]) generally show increased rates of photosynthesis and growth, but effects on leaf respiration are more variable. The causes of this variable response are unresolved...
- Effects of manganese-excess on CO2 assimilation, ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase, carbohydrates and photosynthetic electron transport of leaves, and antioxidant systems of leaves and roots in Citrus grandis seedlingsQing Li
Institute of Horticultural Plant Physiology, Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China
BMC Plant Biol 10:42. 2010..The objective of this study were to understand the mechanisms by which Mn-excess leads to a decrease in CO2 assimilation and to test the hypothesis that Mn-induced changes in antioxidant systems differ between roots and ..
- Influence of elevated CO2 and mycorrhizae on nitrogen acquisition: contrasting responses in Pinus taeda and Liquidambar styracifluaJ V Constable
Department of Biological Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, 60607, USA
Tree Physiol 21:83-91. 2001..system capacity to acquire nitrogen (N) is critical in assessing the long-term growth impact of rising atmospheric CO2 concentration ([CO2]) on trees and forest ecosystems...
- ECG-derived cardiopulmonary coupling biomarkers of sleep, sleep-breathing, and caRobert J Thomas; Fiscal Year: 2010..The respiratory chemoreflexes track oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood...
- Developmental defects in serotonin neurons and the response to O2 and CO2George B Richerson; Fiscal Year: 2011..that respond to hypercapnia by inducing arousal, an increase in breathing, and other changes aimed at restoring pH/CO2 homeostasis...
- Genetic and Functional Profiles of Serotonergic Neuron SubtypesRachael D Brust; Fiscal Year: 2013..of regulating the respiratory network, and thus lung ventilation, in response to elevated blood carbon dioxide (CO2) levels, and that at least a subset are also likely to act as central respiratory chemoreceptors directly sensing ..
- Disruption of Host-Seeking Behavior in Aedes and Culex Mosquitoes using OdorantsAnandasankar Ray; Fiscal Year: 2013..To achieve these goals we will focus on functional analyses of the CO2 sensing neuron...
- Infant Sleep Environment Monitoring System (SEMS) for SIDSROBERT A LIEBERMAN; Fiscal Year: 2012..The SEMS sensor package includes accelerometers for sleep position, an optical CO2 microsensor, a thermistor for temperature, and an acoustic sensor for airway flow...
- Non-invasive neonatal respiration monitorROSE MARIE VISCARDI; Fiscal Year: 2013..To address some of these concerns, transcutaneous monitors for O2 (tcpO2) and CO2 (tcpCO2) using electrochemical sensors have been used...
- Genes and Neural Circuits Mediating Avoidance BehaviorGreg S B Suh; Fiscal Year: 2013..Carbon dioxide (CO2), in contrast, elicits avoidance over a wide range of concentrations in the fly, Drosophila melanogaster, and ..
- Serotonin neurons in arousal, epilepsy and SUDEP.GORDON FRANK BUCHANAN; Fiscal Year: 2013..the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) are central chemoreceptors that sense changes in blood carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration and pH...
- Panic-Relevant Sensations and Smoking MotivationSAMANTHA GWEN FARRIS; Fiscal Year: 2013..Participants will be randomly assigned to inhale a single vital capacity of 35% carbon dioxide [CO2]-enriched air mixture or compressed room air (control condition);this procedure is a safe and frequently used ..
- Hypercapnia and pulmonary host defenseKhalilah L Gates; Fiscal Year: 2010DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Hypercapnia, the elevation of carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in blood and tissues, is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and acute respiratory failure...
- Positive Airway Pressure Gas Modulator - A Novel Method to Treat Central Sleep ApHANI AKRAM KAYYALI; Fiscal Year: 2011..pressure devices that will be based on preventing chemoreflex instability by carefully maintaining carbon dioxide (CO2) levels just above the CO2-dependent apneic threshold...
- LUNG DRUG DELIVERY WITH CARBON DIOXIDE AEROSOL INHALERSBrian Hansen; Fiscal Year: 2009..Aerophase has developed an inexpensive carbon dioxide (CO2) propellant MDI that is competitive with the HFA MDIs, with high drug delivery efficiency and dose reproducibility...
- Molecular Chemistry Aimed Towards New Technologies for Atmospheric CO2 DepletionJOHN JOSEPH CURLEY; Fiscal Year: 2012..I have chosen to focus on the latter method because it addresses the immediate problem of directly regulating the carbon dioxide content of our global atmosphere. ..
- Multiscale Model of Neural Control of BreathingIlya A Rybak; Fiscal Year: 2013Respiration in mammals is a primal homeostatic process, regulating levels of oxygen (O2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) in blood and tissues and is crucial for life...
- Treatment of Sleep Apnea using a Positive Airway Pressure Rebreathing ModulatorMatthew D Tarler; Fiscal Year: 2011..Positive airway pressure therapies tend to flush out and reduce the level of carbon dioxide (CO2);prevention of this hypocapnia state during the application of positive airway pressure therapies is an important ..
- Endogenous Opioid System in Panic Disorder: 5-Dose Naloxone Procedure and SSRI TxSmit S Sinha; Fiscal Year: 2013..of separation and attachment, and that separation anxious children display marked sensitivity to carbon dioxide (CO2), one of the most important biological markers of adult PD, suggests a common neurobiological substrate linking ..
- MRI Progression Markers of Cognitive Decline in the ElderlyHenry Rusinek; Fiscal Year: 2013..artifact free measures of cerebral blood flow (CBF) in the HIP and test the vasoreactivity to carbon dioxide (VR-CO2). Aim 1 is to evaluate among MCI patients, CBF and VR-CO2 as predictors of cognitive decline...
- Stimulation Induced Modulation of SleepMATTHEW TARLER; Fiscal Year: 2009..The response to changing carbon dioxide (CO2) levels produces major changes in respiratory drive, of special importance to the control of ventilation during ..
- Propofol in Exhaled Breath: Real-time Detection by Surface Acoustic Wave SensorsDONN MICHAEL DENNIS; Fiscal Year: 2012..and build a SAW detector with improved circuitry, miniature valving, an improved collection tubing to patient, and CO2-gated collection (4 months)...
- Modeling CO2-evoked fear in mice: role of acid-sensing ion channelsJohn A Wemmie; Fiscal Year: 2013..Clinical studies have firmly established that CO2 inhalation triggers anxiety and panic attacks, and that patients with anxiety disorders are hyper-responsive to CO2...
- CO2/H+ Modulation of Rhythmogenic Inspiratory NeuronsSHEREE JOHNSON; Fiscal Year: 2009..on a breath to breath basis ensure that breathing is commensurate with the oxygen supply and carbon dioxide (CO2) washout...
- Prevention of mosquito-borne illness through manipulation of the CO2 receptorMichelle Brown; Fiscal Year: 2013..which have been approved for use by the FDA for use as flavors and fragrances that activate or inhibit the CO2 receptor, the primary host- seeking mechanism for mosquitoes...
- A Transcutaneous Gas Sensor for Noninvasive Diagnosis of Necrotizing EnterocolitiOOMMAN VARGHESE; Fiscal Year: 2009..In Phase II, we will develop a hydrogen and carbon dioxide (H2-CO2) sensor array for simultaneously detecting transcutaneous H2 and CO2 levels...
- SURGICAL STUDIES OF SEVERE RESPIRATORY FAILUREJoseph Zwischenberger; Fiscal Year: 2004..gas exchanger in a simple percutaneous arteriovenous shunt achieves near-total extracorporeal removal of CO2 production with only 800-1200 mL/min flow...
- Panic Disorder and Nicotine WithdrawalTERESA MARIA LEYRO; Fiscal Year: 2010..PD experience increased fearful responding to, and delayed recovery from, a 10% carbon dioxide-enriched air (CO2) laboratory procedure, as measured by: (1) post-challenge level of anxiety focused on bodily sensations and ..
- Utilizing Ethyl Nitrate Gas in Laparoscopic SurgeryJames Reynolds; Fiscal Year: 2006..In addition, due to its plasma solubility, insufflation with CO2 will increase pCOz and decrease blood pH, actions that can produce respiratory acidosis, tachycardia, and ..
- Processing of Materials for Improved BiocompatibilityMichael Matthews; Fiscal Year: 2004..A three-year BRP effort is proposed: Year 1 will confirm whether, and under what conditions, dense phase CO2 is an effective medium for sterilizing and cleaning common biomaterials and will focus on simple solid metallic, ..
- TRAIT MARKER FOR PANIC DISORDERWilliam Coryell; Fiscal Year: 2001..The project also seeks to refine the definitions and thresholds used to identify meaningful hypersensitivity to CO2 and to explore relationships between such hypersensitivity and morbid childhood separation anxiety...
- Effects of carbon dioxide on M. tuberculosis growth and gene expressionKathleen McDonough; Fiscal Year: 2009..The goal of this exploratory project is to identify CO2-associated effects on Mtb gene regulation and metabolism, including those that may facilitate Mtb's transition ..
- Ambulatory Arteriovenous Carbon Dioxide RemovalJoseph Zwischenberger; Fiscal Year: 2005..gas exchanger in a simple percutaneous arteriovenous shunt to achieve near-total extracorporeal removal of CO2 production with only 800-1000 ml/min blood flow...
- Mechanisms of carbon dioxide avoidance in parasitic nematodesELISSA ANYON HALLEM; Fiscal Year: 2010..dioxide is an important host-seeking cue for many parasitic nematodes, yet little is known about the mechanism of CO2 response in nematodes...
- Ambulatory Arteriovenous Carbon Dioxide RemovalSean Chambers; Fiscal Year: 2002..gas exchanger in a simple percutaneous arteriovenous shunt to achieve near-total extracorporeal removal of CO2 production with only 800-1200 mI/min blood flow...
- THREE APPROACHES TO RAPID REMINERALIZATION OF THE TOOTHMing Tung; Fiscal Year: 1992..be used: (1) stable cold solutions containing maximum concentrations of calcium and phosphate under pressurized CO2 atmosphere...
- NEUROTRANSMITTERS AND VENTILATORY CONTROLEARL OLSON; Fiscal Year: 1990..We have shown that the arterial PCO2 in awake, normoxic, intact rats is 40 torr. As long as CO2 is added, ventilation and metabolic rat must be monitored in a plethysmograph...
- Ionic Liquid Gas Sensors for Detection of Flammable Gases In WorkplaceXiangqun Zeng; Fiscal Year: 2010..Literature study shows that gases (i.e.CH4, C2H4, C2H6, CO2, O2) have widely varying gas solubility in ILs...
- Targeted Therapies for Selected Phenotypes of Obstructive Sleep ApneaJerome A Dempsey; Fiscal Year: 2010..of PaCO2) and/or high plant gain (eupnea PaCO2) of the respiratory control system, as manifested by a reduced CO2 reserve [?(eupneic PaCO2-apneic threshold PaCO2 )]...
- Comparison between pH regulation in chemosensitive vs nonchemosensitive neuronsVERNON A RUFFIN; Fiscal Year: 2010..In the first study, the initial pHi in a CO2/HCO3-free (i.e...