Gene Symbol: C2
Description: complement C2
Alias: ARMD14, CO2, complement C2, C3/C5 convertase, complement component 2, complement component C2
Species: human
Products:     C2

Top Publications

  1. Jakobsdottir J, Conley Y, Weeks D, Ferrell R, Gorin M. C2 and CFB genes in age-related maculopathy and joint action with CFH and LOC387715 genes. PLoS ONE. 2008;3:e2199 pubmed publisher
    ..Two other complement pathway genes, the closely linked complement component receptor (C2) and complement factor B (CFB), were recently shown to harbor variants associated with ARM...
  2. Seddon J, Reynolds R, Maller J, Fagerness J, Daly M, Rosner B. Prediction model for prevalence and incidence of advanced age-related macular degeneration based on genetic, demographic, and environmental variables. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009;50:2044-53 pubmed publisher
    ..7 (95% CI, 1.6-8.4) for CFH rs1410996; 25.4 (95% CI, 8.6-75.1) for LOC387715 A69S (ARMS2); 0.3 (95% CI, 0.1-0.7) for C2 E318D; 0.3 (95% CI, 0.1-0.5) for CFB; and 3.6 (95% CI, 1.4-9...
  3. Nakata I, Yamashiro K, Yamada R, Gotoh N, Nakanishi H, Hayashi H, et al. Significance of C2/CFB variants in age-related macular degeneration and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy in a Japanese population. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2012;53:794-8 pubmed publisher
    To determine whether genetic variants in the complement component 2 and factor B gene (C2/CFB) locus are associated with the risk for typical age-related macular degeneration (AMD) or polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a Japanese ..
  4. Lee K, Vithana E, Mathur R, Yong V, Yeo I, Thalamuthu A, et al. Association analysis of CFH, C2, BF, and HTRA1 gene polymorphisms in Chinese patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008;49:2613-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Variants in the C2 and BF genes have been found to confer a significantly reduced risk of AMD...
  5. Kaur I, Katta S, Reddy R, Narayanan R, Mathai A, Majji A, et al. The involvement of complement factor B and complement component C2 in an Indian cohort with age-related macular degeneration. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2010;51:59-63 pubmed publisher
    Genes involved in the complement cascade such as complement factor B (CFB) and complement component C2 have been implicated in age-related macular degeneration (AMD) worldwide...
  6. Gold B, Merriam J, Zernant J, Hancox L, Taiber A, Gehrs K, et al. Variation in factor B (BF) and complement component 2 (C2) genes is associated with age-related macular degeneration. Nat Genet. 2006;38:458-62 pubmed
    ..We screened factor B (BF) and complement component 2 (C2) genes, located in the major histocompatibility complex class III region, for genetic variation in two ..
  7. Chen W, Stambolian D, Edwards A, Branham K, Othman M, Jakobsdottir J, et al. Genetic variants near TIMP3 and high-density lipoprotein-associated loci influence susceptibility to age-related macular degeneration. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:7401-6 pubmed publisher
    ..Our results validate AMD susceptibility loci near CFH (P < 10(-75)), ARMS2 (P < 10(-59)), C2/CFB (P < 10(-20)), C3 (P < 10(-9)), and CFI (P < 10(-6))...
  8. McKay G, Silvestri G, Patterson C, Hogg R, Chakravarthy U, Hughes A. Further assessment of the complement component 2 and factor B region associated with age-related macular degeneration. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2009;50:533-9 pubmed publisher
    ..Previous studies have identified polymorphisms in the complement component 2 (CC2) and factor B (CFB) genes, as potential functional variants associated with AMD, in particular CFB ..
  9. Lima L, Schubert C, Ferrara D, Merriam J, Imamura Y, Freund K, et al. Three major loci involved in age-related macular degeneration are also associated with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy. Ophthalmology. 2010;117:1567-70 pubmed publisher
    ..To investigate the frequency of variants in 3 major age-related macular degeneration (AMD)-associated loci in patients of European-American descent with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV)...

More Information

Publications137 found, 100 shown here

  1. Kondo N, Honda S, Kuno S, Negi A. Role of RDBP and SKIV2L variants in the major histocompatibility complex class III region in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy etiology. Ophthalmology. 2009;116:1502-9 pubmed publisher
    ..whether polymorphisms in 4 tightly linked genes of the major histocompatibility complex class III--complement component 2 (C2), complement factor B (CFB), RD RNA-binding protein (RDBP), and superkiller viralicidic activity 2-..
  2. Neale B, Fagerness J, Reynolds R, Sobrin L, Parker M, Raychaudhuri S, et al. Genome-wide association study of advanced age-related macular degeneration identifies a role of the hepatic lipase gene (LIPC). Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010;107:7395-400 pubmed publisher
    ..Results implicate different biologic pathways than previously reported and provide new avenues for prevention and treatment of AMD. ..
  3. Chang X, Zheng C, Wang Y, Meng C, Xie X, Liu H. Differential protein expression using proteomics from a crustacean brine shrimp (Artemia sinica) under CO2-driven seawater acidification. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2016;58:669-677 pubmed publisher
    ..sinica and possibly also in other species that feed on brine shrimp in the ecosystem, particularly marine food webs. ..
  4. Mo X, Tang H, Zeng L, Lu H, Guo L, Ma Z. [The value of determination of serum cholinesterase levels in judgment of severity and prognosis in patients with severe pneumonia]. Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue. 2016;28:38-43 pubmed publisher
    ..20±48.01 vs. 167.10±69.68, t' = 4.229, P = 0.000), and carbon dioxide combining power [CO2-CP (mmol/L): 22.85±5.44 vs. 26.00±7.63, t' = 2.225, P = 0.029]...
  5. Chen Y, Liu Q, Yue X, Meng Z, Liang J. Ultrasonic vibration seeds showed improved resistance to cadmium and lead in wheat seedling. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2013;20:4807-16 pubmed publisher
    ..with seedlings were placed in a growth chamber maintained at 25 °C, 70% relative humidity and 380 μmol mol(-1) CO2 under dark condition...
  6. Roth Z. PHYSIOLOGY AND ENDOCRINOLOGY SYMPOSIUM: Cellular and molecular mechanisms of heat stress related to bovine ovarian function. J Anim Sci. 2015;93:2034-44 pubmed publisher
    ..mitochondrially NADH dehydrogenase subunit 2 (ND2), and mitochondiral (cytochrome c oxidase subunit II [MT-CO2] and cytochrome b [MT-CYB]) genes that are crucial in the mitochondrial respiratory chain...
  7. Khokhlova O, Tukhovskaya E, Kravchenko I, Sadovnikova E, Pakhomova I, Kalabina E, et al. Using Tiletamine-Zolazepam-Xylazine Anesthesia Compared to CO2-inhalation for Terminal Clinical Chemistry, Hematology, and Coagulation Analysis in Mice. J Pharmacol Toxicol Methods. 2017;84:11-19 pubmed publisher
  8. Santos M, Moura L, Mendes M, Arcanjo D, Monção N, Araújo B, et al. Hypotensive and vasorelaxant effects induced by the ethanolic extract of the Mimosa caesalpiniifolia Benth. (Mimosaceae) inflorescences in normotensive rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015;164:120-8 pubmed publisher
    ..activity, mesenteric arterial rings (1-2mm) were used: they were kept in Tyrode׳s solution (95% O2 and 5% CO2) and submitted to tension of 0.75 g/f for 1h. The results were expressed as mean ± S.E.M...
  9. Whitaker E, Bissonnette B, Miller A, Koppert T, Tobias J, Pierson C, et al. A novel, clinically relevant use of a piglet model to study the effects of anesthetics on the developing brain. Clin Transl Med. 2016;5:2 pubmed publisher
    ..monitored with pulse oximetry, invasive and non-invasive blood pressure, electrocardiogram, temperature, end-tidal CO2, anesthetic concentration, and iSTAT blood analysis...
  10. Zhang H, Zhang S, Jiang C, Li Y, Xu G, Xu M, et al. Intermedin/adrenomedullin 2 polypeptide promotes adipose tissue browning and reduces high-fat diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance in mice. Int J Obes (Lond). 2016;40:852-60 pubmed publisher
    ..More importantly, the aAM2-tg mice had increased oxygen consumption and CO2 production, reflecting more energy expenditure...
  11. Salvati G, Morais Júnior N, Melo A, Vilela R, Cardoso F, Aronovich M, et al. Response of lactating cows to live yeast supplementation during summer. J Dairy Sci. 2015;98:4062-73 pubmed publisher
    ..The increased load of starch increased dry matter intake between 0700 and 1300 h, jugular blood partial pressure of CO2, HCO3-, and base excess, and decreased blood pH for both treatments...
  12. Alfadda A, Benabdelkamel H, Masood A, Jammah A, Ekhzaimy A. Differences in the Plasma Proteome of Patients with Hypothyroidism before and after Thyroid Hormone Replacement: A Proteomic Analysis. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;19: pubmed publisher
    ..Ten proteins were more abundant in the hypothyroid vs. euthyroid state: complement C2, serotransferrin, complement C3, Ig ? chain C region, ?-1-antichymotrypsin, complement C4-A, haptoglobin, ..
  13. Joshi D, Abraham D, Shiwen X, Baker D, Tsui J. Potential role of erythropoietin receptors and ligands in attenuating apoptosis and inflammation in critical limb ischemia. J Vasc Surg. 2014;60:191-201, 201.e1-2 pubmed publisher
    ..was used in which mature C2C12 myotubes were cultured 6 to 12 hours in a depleted media and gas mixture (20% CO2 and 80% N2). The myotubes were pretreated with EPO or ARA 290 before exposure to simulated ischemia...
  14. Yu D, Li M, Tian Y, Liu J, Shang J. Luteolin inhibits ROS-activated MAPK pathway in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion injury. Life Sci. 2015;122:15-25 pubmed publisher
    ..Rat H9c2 cell in 95% N2 and 5% CO2 stimulated the MIRI...
  15. Pohlers S, Martin R, Krüger T, Hellwig D, Hänel F, Kniemeyer O, et al. Lipid Signaling via Pkh1/2 Regulates Fungal CO2 Sensing through the Kinase Sch9. MBio. 2017;8: pubmed publisher
    ..Furthermore, we provide a direct link between adaptation to changing CO2 conditions and lipid/Pkh1/2 signaling in yeast, thus establishing a new signaling cascade central to metabolic adaptation. ..
  16. Lai X, Kang X, Zeng L, Li J, Yang Y, Liu D. The protective effects and genetic pathways of thorn grape seeds oil against high glucose-induced apoptosis in pancreatic β-cells. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014;14:10 pubmed publisher
    ..pancreatic β-cell line RIN-m5F was treated with/without TGSO which was extracted by supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2) fluid extraction and analyzed by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS)...
  17. Bejaoui M, Pantazi E, De Luca V, Panisello A, Folch Puy E, Hotter G, et al. Carbonic Anhydrase Protects Fatty Liver Grafts against Ischemic Reperfusion Damage. PLoS ONE. 2015;10:e0134499 pubmed publisher
    ..Interestingly, CA II supplementation was not associated with enhanced CO2 hydration. The results suggest that CA II modulation may be a promising target for fatty liver graft preservation.
  18. Holecek M, Sispera L, Skalska H. Enhanced Glutamine Availability Exerts Different Effects on Protein and Amino Acid Metabolism in Skeletal Muscle From Healthy and Septic Rats. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2015;39:847-54 pubmed publisher
    ..via 3-methylhistidine release, muscle L-[1-(14)C]leucine radioactivity, and the radioactivity of released (14)CO2, respectively...
  19. Zheng C, Jeswin J, Shen K, Lablche M, Wang K, Liu H. Detrimental effect of CO2-driven seawater acidification on a crustacean brine shrimp, Artemia sinica. Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2015;43:181-90 pubmed publisher
    ..Taken together, our findings supports the idea that CO2-driven seawater acidification indeed has a detrimental effect, in case of hatching success, growth and survival, on ..
  20. Shu S, Tang Y, Yuan Y, Sun J, Zhong M, Guo S. The role of 24-epibrassinolide in the regulation of photosynthetic characteristics and nitrogen metabolism of tomato seedlings under a combined low temperature and weak light stress. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2016;107:344-353 pubmed publisher
    ..efficiency of PSII (?PSII), and photochemical quenching coefficient (qP), but decreased the intercellular CO2 concentration (Ci), light compensation point (LCP) and apparent quantum efficiency (AQE) under low temperature and ..
  21. Conde K, Fabelo C, Krause W, Propst R, Goethel J, Fischer D, et al. Testosterone Rapidly Augments Retrograde Endocannabinoid Signaling in Proopiomelanocortin Neurons to Suppress Glutamatergic Input from Steroidogenic Factor 1 Neurons via Upregulation of Diacylglycerol Lipase-?. Neuroendocrinology. 2017;105:341-356 pubmed publisher
    ..1 mL). TP rapidly increased energy intake, meal size, O2 consumption, CO2 production, and metabolic heat production, all of which were antagonized by prior administration of the DAGL ..
  22. Wei L, Wang Q, Wu H, Ji C, Zhao J. Proteomic and metabolomic responses of Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas to elevated pCO2 exposure. J Proteomics. 2015;112:83-94 pubmed publisher
    The gradually increased atmospheric CO2 partial pressure (pCO2) has thrown the carbonate chemistry off balance and resulted in decreased seawater pH in marine ecosystem, termed ocean acidification (OA)...
  23. Maity S, Kaiser R, Jones B. Formation of complex organic molecules in methanol and methanol-carbon monoxide ices exposed to ionizing radiation--a combined FTIR and reflectron time-of-flight mass spectrometry study. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015;17:3081-114 pubmed publisher
    ..the hydroxymethyl radical (CH2OH), formyl radical (HCO), methane (CH4), formaldehyde (H2CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), ethylene glycol (HOCH2CH2OH), glycolaldehyde (HOCH2CHO), methyl formate (HCOOCH3), and ketene (H2CCO)...
  24. Helenius I, Haake R, Kwon Y, Hu J, Krupinski T, Casalino Matsuda S, et al. Identification of Drosophila Zfh2 as a Mediator of Hypercapnic Immune Regulation by a Genome-Wide RNA Interference Screen. J Immunol. 2016;196:655-667 pubmed publisher
    Hypercapnia, elevated partial pressure of CO2 in blood and tissue, develops in many patients with chronic severe obstructive pulmonary disease and other advanced lung disorders...
  25. Bolevich S, Kogan A, Zivkovic V, Djuric D, Novikov A, Vorobyev S, et al. Protective role of carbon dioxide (CO2) in generation of reactive oxygen species. Mol Cell Biochem. 2016;411:317-30 pubmed publisher
    The results testify to the fact that CO2 is a powerful inhibitor of reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation by cells (blood phagocytes and alveolar macrophages of 96 people and cells of inner organs and tissue phagocytes (of liver, ..
  26. Bohaychuk Preuss K, Carrozzo M, Duke Novakovski T. Cardiopulmonary effects of pleural insufflation with CO2 during two-lung ventilation in dorsally recumbent anesthetized horses. Vet Anaesth Analg. 2017;44:483-491 pubmed publisher
    ..Severe adverse cardiopulmonary effects arise from CO2 positive pressure insufflation into the right hemithorax in dorsally recumbent isoflurane-anesthetized horses. PP should be ≤2 mmHg. ..
  27. Wang Z, Jiang M, Qin J, Zhou H, Ding Z. Reinforced photocatalytic reduction of CO2 to CO by a ternary metal oxide NiCo2O4. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015;17:16040-6 pubmed publisher
    ..of uniform urchin-like NiCo2O4 microspheres, and their use as an efficient and stable cocatalyst for photocatalytic CO2 reduction catalysis...
  28. Li L, Guo H, Zhu L, Zheng L, Liu X. A supercritical-CO2 extract of Ganoderma lucidum spores inhibits cholangiocarcinoma cell migration by reversing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition. Phytomedicine. 2016;23:491-7 pubmed publisher
    ..The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of A supercritical-CO2 extract of G...
  29. Nie Y, Zhang Z, Shen Q, Gao W, Li Y. Significance of different carbon forms and carbonic anhydrase activity in monitoring and prediction of algal blooms in the urban section of Jialing River, Chongqing, China. Environ Sci Process Impacts. 2016;18:600-12 pubmed publisher
    ..a positive correlation with dissoluble organic carbon (DOC), pH, and temperature, but a negative correlation with CO2 and dissoluble inorganic carbon (DIC)...
  30. Thauer R. My Lifelong Passion for Biochemistry and Anaerobic Microorganisms. Annu Rev Microbiol. 2015;69:1-30 pubmed publisher
    ..bacteria and that these were ideal model organisms to study fundamental questions of energy conservation, CO2 fixation, and the evolution of metabolic pathways...
  31. Chen G, Wang Y. [Research and industrialization of biobased materials in China]. Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao. 2015;31:955-67 pubmed
    ..of biobased polymeric materials including polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA), polylactides (PLA), poly (butylene succinate) (PBS) and its monomer succinate, and CO2 copolymer poly (propylene carbonate), especially these efforts made in China.
  32. Gao M, Wang M, Zheng Q. Synthesis of carbon-11-labeled imidazopyridine- and purine-thioacetamide derivatives as new potential PET tracers for imaging of nucleotide pyrophosphatase/phosphodiesterase 1 (NPP1). Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2016;26:1371-5 pubmed publisher
    ..and isolated by a simplified solid-phase extraction (SPE) method in 50-60% radiochemical yields based on [(11)C]CO2 and decay corrected to end of bombardment (EOB)...
  33. Groher A, Weuster Botz D. Comparative reaction engineering analysis of different acetogenic bacteria for gas fermentation. J Biotechnol. 2016;228:82-94 pubmed publisher
    ..Standardized batch experiments with continuous supply of the gaseous substrates CO2 and H2 were performed in fully controlled stirred-tank bioreactors. A. wieringae and S...
  34. Smith K, Parrish R, Wei W, Liu Y, Li T, Hu Y, et al. Disordered 3?D Multi-layer Graphene Anode Material from CO2 for Sodium-Ion Batteries. ChemSusChem. 2016;9:1397-402 pubmed publisher
    We report the application of disordered 3?D multi-layer graphene, synthesized directly from CO2 gas through a reaction with Li at 550?°C, as an anode for Na-ion batteries (SIBs) toward a sustainable and greener future...
  35. Scherer M, Weinreich G, Kleibrink B, Rabis T, Kamler M, Teschler H, et al. Decreased Hypercapnic Ventilatory Response in Long-Term Lung Transplant Recipients is Associated with Exercise Impairment. Lung. 2016;194:563-9 pubmed publisher
    ..2011 and July 2012 who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing to evaluate maximum workload, and carbon dioxide (CO2) rebreathing. CO2 rebreathing was also evaluated in 35 control subjects...
  36. Walter Lepage A, Frouin E, Junca A, Cante V, Monegier du Sorbier C, Hulin Desquiret M, et al. [Mucinous nevus of late onset]. Ann Dermatol Venereol. 2016;143:547-53 pubmed publisher
    ..Our review of the literature highlights the importance of skin biopsy to guide aesthetic or symptomatic treatment. CO2 laser and dermabrasion are recommended for combined CTNP as they treat the epidermal component with low risk of ..
  37. Baah Acheamfour M, Carlyle C, Lim S, Bork E, Chang S. Forest and grassland cover types reduce net greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural soils. Sci Total Environ. 2016;571:1115-27 pubmed publisher
    ..We measured soil CO2, CH4 and N2O fluxes and the global warming potential of microbe-mediated net greenhouse gas emissions (GWPm) in ..
  38. Wuttig A, Yoon Y, Ryu J, Surendranath Y. Bicarbonate Is Not a General Acid in Au-Catalyzed CO2 Electroreduction. J Am Chem Soc. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Instead, it acts as a viable proton donor past the rate-limiting step and a sluggish buffer that maintains the bulk but not local pH in CO2-saturated aqueous electrolytes...
  39. Clark E, Hahn C, Jaramillo T, Bell A. Electrochemical CO2 Reduction over Compressively Strained CuAg Surface Alloys with Enhanced Multi-Carbon Oxygenate Selectivity. J Am Chem Soc. 2017;139:15848-15857 pubmed publisher
    ..Thus, we show that promoting copper surface with small amounts of Ag is a promising means for improving the multi-carbon oxygenated product selectivity of copper during electrochemical CO2 reduction...
  40. Graciani J, Yang F, Evans J, Vidal A, Stacchiola D, Rodriguez J, et al. When ruthenia met titania: achieving extraordinary catalytic activity at low temperature by nanostructuring of oxides. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2015;17:26813-8 pubmed publisher
    ..temperatures and (ii) a lowering of the barrier by 20% for the association of adsorbed CO and O species to give CO2 (the main barrier for the CO oxidation reaction) passing from around 0.7 eV in RuO2(110) to 0...
  41. Drake J, Macdonald C, Tjoelker M, Crous K, Gimeno T, Singh B, et al. Short-term carbon cycling responses of a mature eucalypt woodland to gradual stepwise enrichment of atmospheric CO2 concentration. Glob Chang Biol. 2016;22:380-90 pubmed publisher
    ..The Eucalyptus Free-Air CO2 Enrichment (EucFACE) experiment was established to study the effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations (..
  42. Karioti A, Carta F, Supuran C. An Update on Natural Products with Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitory Activity. Curr Pharm Des. 2016;22:1570-91 pubmed
    Carbonic anhydrases (CAs, EC catalyze the fundamental reaction of CO2 hydration in all living organisms, being actively involved in the regulation of a plethora of patho/physiological processes...
  43. Pires C, de L Scodro R, Brenzan M, Cortez D, Siqueira V, Cardozo Filho L, et al. Anti-Mycobacterium tuberculosis Activity of Calophyllum brasiliense Extracts Obtained by Supercritical Fluid Extraction and Conventional Techniques. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2016;17:532-9 pubmed
    ..have many disadvantages, and alternative methods have been used, such as supercritical fluid extraction (SFE-CO2)...
  44. Perino A, Cucinella G, Gugliotta G, Saitta S, Polito S, Adile B, et al. Is vaginal fractional CO2 laser treatment effective in improving overactive bladder symptoms in post-menopausal patients? Preliminary results. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016;20:2491-7 pubmed
    To evaluate the role of vaginal fractional CO2 laser treatment in the relief of Overactive Bladder (OAB) symptoms in post-menopausal women...
  45. Buelens L, Galvita V, Poelman H, Detavernier C, Marin G. Super-dry reforming of methane intensifies CO2 utilization via Le Chatelier's principle. Science. 2016;354:449-452 pubmed
    ..Super-dry reforming uses up to three CO2 molecules per CH4 and offers a high CO space-time yield of 7.5 millimole CO per second per kilogram of iron at 1023 kelvin. ..
  46. Ramirez M, Vélez Y, Rendon L, Alzate E. Potential of microalgae in the bioremediation of water with chloride content. Braz J Biol. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..Microalgae presented an adaptation to the water and so the conditions evaluated reaching a production of CO2 in mg L-1 of 53.0, 26.6, 56.0, 16.0 and 30.0 and chloride removal efficiencies of 16.37, 26.03, 40.04, 25.96 and 20...
  47. Wei Z, Wu S, Yan X, Zhou S. Density and stability of soil organic carbon beneath impervious surfaces in urban areas. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e109380 pubmed publisher
    ..Cumulative CO2-C evolved during the 28-d incubation was lower from the impervious-covered soils than from the open soils, and ..
  48. Mahdavian L. Using of TiN-nanotubes and Cu-nanoparticles for conversion of CO2 to hydrocarbon fuels. J Mol Model. 2015;21:187 pubmed publisher
    In this study, conversion of CO2 and H2O to CH3OH or CH4 on Cu-nanoparticles in TiN- nanotubes was optimized by density functional theory (DFT) methods...
  49. Zemanová V, Pavlík M, Pavlíková D, Hnilička F, Vondráčková S. Responses to Cd Stress in Two Noccaea Species (Noccaea praecox and Noccaea caerulescens) Originating from Two Contaminated Sites in Mežica, Slovenia and Redlschlag, Austria. Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2016;70:464-74 pubmed publisher
    ..g. net photosynthetic rate, transpiration rate, stomatal conductance, and intercellular CO2 concentration), fatty acids, and selected macro- and microelements were determined in addition to N utilization by ..
  50. Callini E, Kato S, Mauron P, Züttel A. Surface Reactions are Crucial for Energy Storage. Chimia (Aarau). 2015;69:269-73 pubmed publisher
    Reactions between gas molecules, e.g. H2 and CO2 and solids take place at the surface. The electronic states and the local geometry of the atomic arrangement determine the energy of the adsorbate, i.e...
  51. Jerdan K, Fabi S. A noninvasive approach to off-face skin laxity and tightening: a review of the literature. Semin Cutan Med Surg. 2015;34:118-28 pubmed publisher
    ..surgery may be indicated for major weight loss patients, other noninvasive modalities may be considered including: CO2 laser, bipolar radiofrequency, monopolar radiofrequency, microfocused ultrasound, and combination therapies...
  52. Trzcinski A, Stuckey D. Inorganic fouling of an anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating leachate from the organic fraction of municipal solid waste (OFMSW) and a polishing aerobic membrane bioreactor. Bioresour Technol. 2016;204:17-25 pubmed publisher
    ..of calcium as monohydrocalcite (CaCO3·H2O) containing traces of metals onto the SAMBR membrane because of high CO2 partial pressures. Precipitation of calcium in the AMBR was also observed due to a higher pH...
  53. Basting T, Abe C, Viar K, Stornetta R, Guyenet P. Is plasticity within the retrotrapezoid nucleus responsible for the recovery of the PCO2 set-point after carotid body denervation in rats?. J Physiol. 2016;594:3371-90 pubmed publisher
    ..0) in unanaesthetized rats breathing various levels of O2 and/or CO2 ...
  54. Nieuwenhuijsen M. Urban and transport planning, environmental exposures and health-new concepts, methods and tools to improve health in cities. Environ Health. 2016;15 Suppl 1:38 pubmed publisher
    ..Making cities 'green and healthy' goes far beyond simply reducing CO2 emissions...
  55. Retta M, Ho Q, Yin X, Verboven P, Berghuijs H, Struik P, et al. A two-dimensional microscale model of gas exchange during photosynthesis in maize (Zea mays L.) leaves. Plant Sci. 2016;246:37-51 pubmed publisher
    b>CO2 exchange in leaves of maize (Zea mays L.) was examined using a microscale model of combined gas diffusion and C4 photosynthesis kinetics at the leaf tissue level...
  56. Liu J, Hou X, Park H, Lin H. High-Performance Polymers for Membrane CO2 /N2 Separation. Chemistry. 2016;22:15980-15990 pubmed publisher
    ..The underlying rationales for materials design are discussed and polymers with promising CO2 /N2 separation properties for CO2 capture from flue gas are highlighted. ..
  57. Xiao H, Goddard W, Cheng T, Liu Y. Cu metal embedded in oxidized matrix catalyst to promote CO2 activation and CO dimerization for electrochemical reduction of CO2. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2017;114:6685-6688 pubmed publisher
  58. Martínez García R, García Martínez T, Puig Pujol A, Mauricio J, Moreno J. Changes in sparkling wine aroma during the second fermentation under CO2 pressure in sealed bottle. Food Chem. 2017;237:1030-1040 pubmed publisher
  59. Tsai L, Hsiao S, Tsai L, Lin C, Tsai J, Liou D, et al. The sodium-dependent glucose cotransporter SLC5A11 as an autoimmune modifier gene in SLE. Tissue Antigens. 2008;71:114-26 pubmed
    ..LTA), tumor necrosis factor ligand superfamily, member 6 (TNFSF6), programmed cell death 1 (PDCD1), C2, and complement component 4 (C4)] were selected for study...
  60. Lehmann M, Rinne K, Blessing C, Siegwolf R, Buchmann N, Werner R. Malate as a key carbon source of leaf dark-respired CO2 across different environmental conditions in potato plants. J Exp Bot. 2015;66:5769-81 pubmed publisher
    ..of carbon sources during plant respiration in support of metabolic processes results in the continuous release of CO2. The carbon isotopic composition of leaf dark-respired CO2 (i.e. δ (13) C R ) shows daily enrichments up to 14...
  61. Moreno T, Reche C, Rivas I, Cruz Minguillón M, Martins V, Vargas C, et al. Urban air quality comparison for bus, tram, subway and pedestrian commutes in Barcelona. Environ Res. 2015;142:495-510 pubmed publisher
    ..5) and Black Carbon are lower in the tram when compared to both bus and subway. CO2 levels in public transport reflect passenger numbers, more than tripling from outdoor levels to >1200 ppm in ..
  62. Höll L, Behr J, Vogel R. Identification and growth dynamics of meat spoilage microorganisms in modified atmosphere packaged poultry meat by MALDI-TOF MS. Food Microbiol. 2016;60:84-91 pubmed publisher
    ..Typically, poultry meat has been packaged in a CO2/N2 atmosphere (with residual low O2)...
  63. Casali D, Yost M, Matthews M. Eliminating glutaraldehyde from crosslinked collagen films using supercritical CO2. J Biomed Mater Res A. 2018;106:86-94 pubmed publisher
    ..However, these changes were minor compared to heat-based removal of glutaraldehyde. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part A: 106A: 86-94, 2018. ..
  64. Uzarski J, Su J, Xie Y, Zhang Z, Ward H, Wandinger Ness A, et al. Epithelial Cell Repopulation and Preparation of Rodent Extracellular Matrix Scaffolds for Renal Tissue Development. J Vis Exp. 2015;:e53271 pubmed publisher
    ..for seeding via perfusion of culture medium within a large-capacity incubator maintained at 37 °C and 5% CO2. Forty million renal cortical tubular epithelial (RCTE) cells are injected through the renal artery, and rapidly ..
  65. Dupont G, Burnol L, Jospé R, Raphael T, Auboyer C, Molliex S, et al. Transcranial Color Duplex Ultrasound: A Reliable Tool for Cerebral Hemodynamic Assessment in Brain Injuries. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2016;28:159-63 pubmed publisher
    ..One hundred measurements were obtained from 42 patients. Hemodynamic and end-tidal CO2 pressure were similar between both measurement set...
  66. Edmunds L, Otero P, Sharma L, D Souza S, Dolezal J, David S, et al. Abnormal lipid processing but normal long-term repopulation potential of myc-/- hepatocytes. Oncotarget. 2016;7:30379-95 pubmed publisher
    ..KO mice also consumed more oxygen, produced more CO2 and generated more heat...
  67. Ito Y, Maeda A, Kondo H, Iwao Y, Noguchi S, Itai S. Application of water-insoluble polymers to orally disintegrating tablets treated by high-pressure carbon dioxide gas. Int J Pharm. 2016;511:10-22 pubmed publisher
    ..which enhances the hardness of tablets containing water-insoluble polymers by using high-pressure carbon dioxide (CO2)...
  68. Hao Y, Zhang Z, Liao H, Wei Y, Wang S. Is CO2 emission a side effect of financial development? An empirical analysis for China. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:21041-21057 pubmed
    ..At the early stage of economic growth, financial development is environmentally friendly. When the economy is highly developed, a higher level of financial development is harmful to the environmental quality. ..
  69. Parr M, Wuest B, Naegele E, Joseph J, Wenzel M, Schmidt A, et al. SFC-MS/MS as an orthogonal technique for improved screening of polar analytes in anti-doping control. Anal Bioanal Chem. 2016;408:6789-97 pubmed publisher
    ..As CO2 is the main constituent of the mobile phase in SFC, solvent consumption and solvent waste are considerably reduced...
  70. Wahiduzzaman -, Allmond K, Stone J, Harp S, Mujibur K. Synthesis and Electrospraying of Nanoscale MOF (Metal Organic Framework) for High-Performance CO2 Adsorption Membrane. Nanoscale Res Lett. 2017;12:6 pubmed publisher
    ..Three layers of the as-produced membranes displayed CO2 adsorption for approximately 2 h. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) of the membrane showed the thermal stability of the MOF and PAN up to 290 and 425 °C, respectively. ..
  71. Macwilliam D, Kowalewski J, Kumar A, Pontrello C, Ray A. Signaling Mode of the Broad-Spectrum Conserved CO2 Receptor Is One of the Important Determinants of Odor Valence in Drosophila. Neuron. 2018;97:1153-1167.e4 pubmed publisher
    ..In mosquitoes, valence is switched and activation of the orthologous receptor conveys attraction. Reverse chemical ecology enables the identification of inhibitory odorants to reduce attraction of mosquitoes to skin. ..
  72. Ahmed K, Ahmed S. A predictive analysis of CO2 emissions, environmental policy stringency, and economic growth in China. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:16091-16100 pubmed publisher
    ..Based on the empirical findings, the study also provides some policy suggestions to reduce emissions intensity in China. ..
  73. Ozsoy O, Bekbolet M. Surface interactions of Cs+ and Co2+ with bentonite. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018;25:3020-3029 pubmed publisher
    ..65 kJ mol-1). Negative values of ΔG° and positive values of ΔS° indicated the feasibility and spontaneous nature of adsorption processes and more disordered form after adsorption. ..
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    ..A moderate effect of increased atmospheric CO2 on water use efficiency and growth enhanced carbon sequestration but did not greatly influence woody encroachment...
  75. Dogan E, Turkekul B. CO2 emissions, real output, energy consumption, trade, urbanization and financial development: testing the EKC hypothesis for the USA. Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2016;23:1203-13 pubmed publisher
    This study aims to investigate the relationship between carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, energy consumption, real output (GDP), the square of real output (GDP(2)), trade openness, urbanization, and financial development in the USA for the ..
  76. Pigneret M, Mermillod Blondin F, Volatier L, Romestaing C, Maire E, Adrien J, et al. Urban pollution of sediments: Impact on the physiology and burrowing activity of tubificid worms and consequences on biogeochemical processes. Sci Total Environ. 2016;568:196-207 pubmed publisher
    ..activity (X-ray micro-tomography) of worms and their influences on biogeochemical processes (nutrient fluxes, CO2 and CH4 degassing rates) during 30-day long experiments...
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    ..This study shows that CO2 and CH4 emissions from the water column were not negligible and must be considered in future carbon budgets in mangroves. ..
  78. Britch S, Linthicum K, Wynn W, Walker T, Farooq M, Smith V, et al. Residual mosquito barrier treatments on U.S. military camouflage netting in a southern California desert environment. Mil Med. 2010;175:599-606 pubmed
    ..the ability of the treatment to reduce the numbers of mosquitoes penetrating perimeters of netting and reaching CO2-baited mosquito traps...
  79. Wang S, He Y, Zhang Y, Zhang J, Shah R, Feng G, et al. CO2 laser cauterization approach to congenital pyriform sinus fistula. J Pediatr Surg. 2018;53:1313-1317 pubmed publisher
    ..05). CO2 laser cauterization with suspension microlaryngoscopy is a safe, effective, and minimally invasive approach to CPSF with optimal patient outcomes. Treatment Study. Level III. ..
  80. Kandagal V, Chen F, Jónsson E, Pringle J, Forsyth M. Molecular simulation study of CO2 and N2 absorption in a phosphonium based organic ionic plastic crystal. J Chem Phys. 2017;147:124703 pubmed publisher
    ..The results show that the OIPC can be a promising material for CO2 separations from CO2/N2 mixture...
  81. Zhang T, Li J, Pu J, Martin J, Khadka M, Wu F, et al. River sequesters atmospheric carbon and limits the CO2 degassing in karst area, southwest China. Sci Total Environ. 2017;609:92-101 pubmed publisher
  82. Neri G, Aldous I, Walsh J, Hardwick L, Cowan A. A highly active nickel electrocatalyst shows excellent selectivity for CO2 reduction in acidic media. Chem Sci. 2016;7:1521-1526 pubmed publisher
    ..Remarkably, despite the high proton concentration (pH 2), 2 maintains selectivity for CO2 reduction and is believed to be unique in operating selectively in such acidic aqueous solutions. ..
  83. Sugiura D, Watanabe C, Betsuyaku E, Terashima I. Sink-Source Balance and Down-Regulation of Photosynthesis in Raphanus sativus: Effects of Grafting, N and CO2. Plant Cell Physiol. 2017;58:2043-2056 pubmed publisher
    ..They were grown at high or low nitrogen (N) availability and at elevated or ambient CO2. Maximum photosynthetic rate, which was highly correlated with Rubisco and leaf N contents, was hardly correlated ..
  84. Sugi T, Ma Y, Tomita T, Murakoshi F, Eaton M, Yakubu R, et al. Toxoplasma gondii Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Subunit 3 Is Involved in the Switch from Tachyzoite to Bradyzoite Development. MBio. 2016;7: pubmed publisher
    ..2/low CO2), whereas the Δpkac3 mutant failed to respond to the treatment...
  85. Zheng Y, Shen Z, Wu X, Jiang L, Hu W, Chen Z, et al. Experimental Models to Study the Neuroprotection of Acidic Postconditioning Against Cerebral Ischemia. J Vis Exp. 2017;: pubmed publisher
    ..APC refers to the mild acidosis treatment by inhaling CO2 during reperfusion following ischemia. Here we present two models to execute APC in vitro and in vivo, respectively...
  86. Andretta I, Hauschild L, Kipper M, Pires P, Pomar C. Environmental impacts of precision feeding programs applied in pig production. Animal. 2017;:1-9 pubmed publisher
    ..South Brazil under the CON feeding program using grain cultivated in the same region led to emissions of 1840 kg of CO2-eq, 13.1 kg of PO4-eq and 32.2 kg of SO2-eq...
  87. Muller Eberhard H, Polley M, Calcott M. Formation and functional significance of a molecular complex derived from the second and the fourth component of human complement. J Exp Med. 1967;125:359-80 pubmed
    ..Evidence was presented that action of C'3 convertase on C'3 results in fragmentation of the molecule. ..
  88. Duanmu D, Miller A, Horken K, Weeks D, Spalding M. Knockdown of limiting-CO2-induced gene HLA3 decreases HCO3- transport and photosynthetic Ci affinity in Chlamydomonas reinhardtii. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009;106:5990-5 pubmed publisher
  89. Cornette B, Berrevoet F. Trocar Injuries in Laparoscopy: Techniques, Tools, and Means for Prevention. A Systematic Review of the Literature. World J Surg. 2016;40:2331-41 pubmed publisher
    ..01) and failed entries (p = 0.002). CO2 leakage was far more common when using the Hasson technique (p < 0.001)...
  90. Figueroa I, Barnum T, Somasekhar P, Carlström C, Engelbrektson A, Coates J. Metagenomics-guided analysis of microbial chemolithoautotrophic phosphite oxidation yields evidence of a seventh natural CO2 fixation pathway. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2018;115:E92-E101 pubmed publisher
    ..These observations led us to propose a metabolic model for autotrophic growth by Ca. P. anaerolimi whereby DPO drives CO2 reduction to formate, which is then assimilated into biomass via the reductive glycine pathway. ..
  91. Li X, Roevros N, Dehairs F, Chou L. Biological responses of the marine diatom Chaetoceros socialis to changing environmental conditions: A laboratory experiment. PLoS ONE. 2017;12:e0188615 pubmed publisher
    ..However, elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations may also have an adverse impact on diatom growth, causing a decrease in cell size and possible ..
  92. Heo Y, Park S. Facile Synthesis of MgO-Modified Carbon Adsorbents with Microwave- Assisted Methods: Effect of MgO Particles and Porosities on CO2 Capture. Sci Rep. 2017;7:5653 pubmed publisher
    ..22 mmol/g (5.3 wt.%) under flue gas conditions (15% CO2 in N2). It was found that MgO affected the CO2 capture behaviour by enhancing the fundamental characteristics of the carbon surfaces. ..