Oswald J Schmitz

Summary

Affiliation: Yale University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Linking individuals with ecosystems: experimentally identifying the relevant organizational scale for predicting trophic abundances
    Ofer Ovadia
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:12927-31. 2002
  2. pmc Herbivore physiological response to predation risk and implications for ecosystem nutrient dynamics
    Dror Hawlena
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15503-7. 2010
  3. pmc Restoration of ailing wetlands
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001248. 2012
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects of predator functional diversity on grassland ecosystem function
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06515, USA
    Ecology 90:2339-45. 2009
  5. doi request reprint Predator control of ecosystem nutrient dynamics
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:1199-209. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint From individuals to ecosystem function: toward an integration of evolutionary and ecosystem ecology
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Ecology 89:2436-45. 2008
  7. pmc Predators avoiding predation
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:14749-50. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Effects of predator hunting mode on grassland ecosystem function
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Science 319:952-4. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Convergence of trophic interaction strengths in grassland food webs through metabolic scaling of herbivore biomass
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Anim Ecol 80:1330-6. 2011
  10. ncbi request reprint Predator diversity and trophic interactions
    Oswald J Schmitz
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Ecology 88:2415-26. 2007

Detail Information

Publications30

  1. pmc Linking individuals with ecosystems: experimentally identifying the relevant organizational scale for predicting trophic abundances
    Ofer Ovadia
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:12927-31. 2002
    ..We thus conclude that in this ecosystem the foraging-predation risk tradeoff displayed by typical or average-sized herbivore is a sufficient amount of individual-level detail needed to explain ecosystem patterns...
  2. pmc Herbivore physiological response to predation risk and implications for ecosystem nutrient dynamics
    Dror Hawlena
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:15503-7. 2010
    ....
  3. pmc Restoration of ailing wetlands
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 10:e1001248. 2012
    ..While it may take up to two human generations to see full recovery, there is promise, given human will, to restore many damaged wetlands worldwide...
  4. ncbi request reprint Effects of predator functional diversity on grassland ecosystem function
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06515, USA
    Ecology 90:2339-45. 2009
    ..Moreover, many of these effects could be approximately by the weighted average of the individual predator species effects, suggesting that this kind of predator diversity effect on ecosystems is not highly nonlinear...
  5. doi request reprint Predator control of ecosystem nutrient dynamics
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Ecol Lett 13:1199-209. 2010
    ..Because predator species are disproportionately vulnerable to elimination from ecosystems, we stand to lose much more from their disappearance than their simple charismatic attractiveness...
  6. ncbi request reprint From individuals to ecosystem function: toward an integration of evolutionary and ecosystem ecology
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Ecology 89:2436-45. 2008
    ..This perspective also provides an operational way to integrate evolutionary and ecosystem ecology, which is an important challenge in ecology...
  7. pmc Predators avoiding predation
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:14749-50. 2008
  8. doi request reprint Effects of predator hunting mode on grassland ecosystem function
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Science 319:952-4. 2008
    ..Predator hunting mode is thus a key functional trait that can help to explain variation in the nature of top-down control of ecosystems...
  9. doi request reprint Convergence of trophic interaction strengths in grassland food webs through metabolic scaling of herbivore biomass
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Anim Ecol 80:1330-6. 2011
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Predator diversity and trophic interactions
    Oswald J Schmitz
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Ecology 88:2415-26. 2007
    ..The paper closes by discussing ways to further a research program aimed at using the building blocks presented here to understand predator functional diversity and trophic interactions in complex ecological systems...
  11. ncbi request reprint Predators have large effects on ecosystem properties by changing plant diversity, not plant biomass
    Oswald J Schmitz
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Ecology 87:1432-7. 2006
    ..Counter to the hypothesis, weak trophic cascades do not necessarily lead to weak indirect effects of predators on ecosystem properties...
  12. ncbi request reprint Scaling from plot experiments to landscapes: studying grasshoppers to inform forest ecosystem management
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Oecologia 145:225-34. 2005
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Pushing the boundaries of ecosystems
    Oswald J Schmitz
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06515, USA
    Perspect Biol Med 48:301-6. 2005
  14. pmc Spatial dynamics and ecosystem functioning
    Oswald J Schmitz
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS Biol 8:e1000378. 2010
    ..Ecosystem functioning is dependent upon the way species become distributed across space...
  15. doi request reprint Fear of predation slows plant-litter decomposition
    Dror Hawlena
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Science 336:1434-8. 2012
    ..This legacy effect of predation on soil community function appears to be regulated by the amount of herbivore protein entering the soil...
  16. pmc Trophic cascade alters ecosystem carbon exchange
    Michael S Strickland
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 110:11035-8. 2013
    ..Our data highlight the influence that the mere presence of predators, as opposed to direct consumption of herbivores, can have on carbon uptake, allocation, and retention in terrestrial ecosystems...
  17. doi request reprint Experimental warming transforms multiple predator effects in a grassland food web
    Brandon T Barton
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Ecol Lett 12:1317-25. 2009
    ..The results portend climate caused loss of predator diversity with important consequences for food web structure and function...
  18. ncbi request reprint Weather variation and trophic interaction strength: sorting the signal from the noise
    Ofer Ovadia
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT, USA
    Oecologia 140:398-406. 2004
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Climate warming strengthens indirect interactions in an old-field food web
    Brandon T Barton
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06511 8014, USA
    Ecology 90:2346-51. 2009
    ..Hence, the net effect of climate change was to strengthen top-down control of this terrestrial system...
  20. doi request reprint Physiological stress as a fundamental mechanism linking predation to ecosystem functioning
    Dror Hawlena
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Am Nat 176:537-56. 2010
    ....
  21. pmc Global climate change and mammalian species diversity in U.S. national parks
    Catherine E Burns
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Yale University, 370 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:11474-7. 2003
    ..This approach represents a conservative prognosis. As species assemblages change, new interactions between species may lead to less predictable indirect effects of climate change, increasing the toll beyond that found in this study...
  22. pmc Rapid recovery of damaged ecosystems
    Holly P Jones
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    PLoS ONE 4:e5653. 2009
    ..Accordingly, there is despair that we are passing on a legacy of irreparable damage to future generations which is entirely inconsistent with principles of sustainability...
  23. pmc Predation determines different selective pressure on pea aphid host races in a complex agricultural mosaic
    Adalbert Balog
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    PLoS ONE 8:e55900. 2013
    ..The complexity of the agricultural mosaic thus can influence prey selection by predators on different host plants. These may have evolutionary consequences through context dependent fitness benefits on particular host plants...
  24. pmc Predation risk, stoichiometric plasticity and ecosystem elemental cycling
    Shawn J Leroux
    Department of Biology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, K1N 6N5
    Proc Biol Sci 279:4183-91. 2012
    ..Our results emphasize that expressing ecosystem stoichiometric balance using customary C:N ratios that do not distinguish between soluble and recalcitrant C may not adequately describe limitations on elemental cycling...
  25. pmc Universal ecological patterns in college basketball communities
    Robert J Warren
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 6:e17342. 2011
    ..These results cast doubt upon the ability of SAD analysis to resolve ecological mechanism, and their patterning may reflect statistical artifact as much as biological processes...
  26. ncbi request reprint Rapid recovery of damaged ecosystems
    Holly P Jones
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 4:e5653. 2009
    ..SIGNIFICANCE/CONCLUSIONS: Accordingly, we find much hope that humankind can transition to more sustainable use of ecosystems...
  27. ncbi request reprint Genetic divergence of Connecticut Melanoplus femurrubrum populations
    Joohyoung Lee
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    J Hered 97:290-3. 2006
    ..Our methods and results should be useful for other researchers interested in conducting population-level studies on closely related species...
  28. ncbi request reprint Revisiting the classics: considering nonconsumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions
    Barbara L Peckarsky
    Department of Zoology, 453 Birge Hall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA
    Ecology 89:2416-25. 2008
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Predator hunting mode and habitat domain alter nonconsumptive effects in predator-prey interactions
    Evan L Preisser
    Department of Biological Sciences, 100 Flagg Road, University of Rhode Island, Kingston, Rhode Island 02881, USA
    Ecology 88:2744-51. 2007
    ..Such knowledge may prove particularly useful given rates of local predator change due to habitat fragmentation and the introduction of novel predators...