K D Brownell

Summary

Affiliation: Yale University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Personal responsibility and obesity: a constructive approach to a controversial issue
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Departments of Psychology and Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:379-87. 2010
  2. doi request reprint The humbling experience of treating obesity: Should we persist or desist?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, Box 208369, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Behav Res Ther 48:717-9. 2010
  3. ncbi request reprint Fast food and obesity in children
    Kelly D Brownell
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Pediatrics 113:132. 2004
  4. pmc The perils of ignoring history: Big Tobacco played dirty and millions died. How similar is Big Food?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT06520 8369, USA
    Milbank Q 87:259-94. 2009
  5. doi request reprint The need for bold action to prevent adolescent obesity
    Kelly D Brownell
    Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:S8-17. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Implicit anti-fat bias among health professionals: is anyone immune?
    B A Teachman
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conneticut 06520 8205, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1525-31. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Body mass index, eating attitudes, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in pregnancy and the postpartum period
    A S Carter
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA
    Psychosom Med 62:264-70. 2000
  8. ncbi request reprint Bias, discrimination, and obesity
    R Puhl
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8205, USA
    Obes Res 9:788-805. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint Impact of perceived consensus on stereotypes about obese people: a new approach for reducing bias
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Department of PsychologyYale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Health Psychol 24:517-25. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Demonstrations of implicit anti-fat bias: the impact of providing causal information and evoking empathy
    Bethany A Teachman
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Gilmer Hall, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4400, USA
    Health Psychol 22:68-78. 2003

Detail Information

Publications56

  1. doi request reprint Personal responsibility and obesity: a constructive approach to a controversial issue
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Departments of Psychology and Epidemiology and Public Health, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:379-87. 2010
    ....
  2. doi request reprint The humbling experience of treating obesity: Should we persist or desist?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, Box 208369, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Behav Res Ther 48:717-9. 2010
    ..Policy change and prevention will be necessary to improve public health...
  3. ncbi request reprint Fast food and obesity in children
    Kelly D Brownell
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Pediatrics 113:132. 2004
  4. pmc The perils of ignoring history: Big Tobacco played dirty and millions died. How similar is Big Food?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Rudd Center for Food Policy andObesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT06520 8369, USA
    Milbank Q 87:259-94. 2009
    ..In the hope that the food history will be written differently, this article both highlights important lessons that can be learned from the tobacco experience and recommends actions for the food industry...
  5. doi request reprint The need for bold action to prevent adolescent obesity
    Kelly D Brownell
    Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    J Adolesc Health 45:S8-17. 2009
    ..By adopting a public health approach that addresses the conditions causing obesity, there is hope of reversing troubling trends in prevalence...
  6. ncbi request reprint Implicit anti-fat bias among health professionals: is anyone immune?
    B A Teachman
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conneticut 06520 8205, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25:1525-31. 2001
    ....
  7. ncbi request reprint Body mass index, eating attitudes, and symptoms of depression and anxiety in pregnancy and the postpartum period
    A S Carter
    Department of Psychology, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA
    Psychosom Med 62:264-70. 2000
    ..This report describes associations between body mass index (BMI; kg/m2), eating attitudes, and affective symptoms across pregnancy and the postpartum period in a sample of 64 women...
  8. ncbi request reprint Bias, discrimination, and obesity
    R Puhl
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520-8205, USA
    Obes Res 9:788-805. 2001
    ..Given the vast numbers of people potentially affected, it is important to consider the research-related, educational, and social policy implications of these findings...
  9. ncbi request reprint Impact of perceived consensus on stereotypes about obese people: a new approach for reducing bias
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Department of PsychologyYale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Health Psychol 24:517-25. 2005
    ..Social consensus feedback influenced participants' attitudes and beliefs about causes of obesity. Providing information about the uncontrollable causes of obesity and supposed scientific prevalence of traits also improved attitudes...
  10. ncbi request reprint Demonstrations of implicit anti-fat bias: the impact of providing causal information and evoking empathy
    Bethany A Teachman
    Department of Psychology, University of Virginia, Gilmer Hall, P O Box 400400, Charlottesville, Virginia 22904 4400, USA
    Health Psychol 22:68-78. 2003
    ..This did not lead to lower bias compared with controls but did produce diminished implicit bias among overweight participants, suggesting an in-group bias...
  11. doi request reprint Perceptions of weight discrimination: prevalence and comparison to race and gender discrimination in America
    R M Puhl
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 32:992-1000. 2008
    ..This study examined experiences of weight/height discrimination in a nationally representative sample of US adults and compared their prevalence and patterns with discrimination experiences based on race and gender...
  12. ncbi request reprint The influence of the stigma of obesity on overweight individuals
    S S Wang
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 28:1333-7. 2004
    ..To investigate the internalization of anti-fat bias among overweight individuals across a variety of attitudes and stereotypes...
  13. pmc Obesity metaphors: how beliefs about the causes of obesity affect support for public policy
    Colleen L Barry
    Yale University School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, 60 College Street, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Milbank Q 87:7-47. 2009
    ..This article identifies a unique role of metaphor-based beliefs, as distinct from conventional political attitudes, in explaining support for obesity policies...
  14. pmc Advancing public health obesity policy through state attorneys general
    Jennifer L Pomeranz
    Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Am J Public Health 101:425-31. 2011
    ..Significant room exists for greater attorney general involvement in formulating and championing solutions to public health problems such as obesity...
  15. doi request reprint Preliminary validation of the Yale Food Addiction Scale
    Ashley N Gearhardt
    Yale University, 2 Hillhouse Ave, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Appetite 52:430-6. 2009
    ..5% and a non-clinical sample, but confirmation of the reliability and validity of the scale has the potential to facilitate empirical research on the concept of "food addiction"...
  16. doi request reprint A crisis in the marketplace: how food marketing contributes to childhood obesity and what can be done
    Jennifer L Harris
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8369, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 30:211-25. 2009
    ..This article reviews existing knowledge of the impact of marketing and addresses the value of various legal, legislative, regulatory, and industry-based approaches to change...
  17. doi request reprint Availability and prices of foods across stores and neighborhoods: the case of New Haven, Connecticut
    Tatiana Andreyeva
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 27:1381-8. 2008
    ..Policies are needed not only to improve access to supermarkets, but also to ensure that stores in lower-income neighborhoods provide high-quality produce and healthier versions of popular foods...
  18. pmc An observational study of consumers' accessing of nutrition information in chain restaurants
    Christina A Roberto
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Am J Public Health 99:820-1. 2009
    ..This very small percentage suggests that such information should be more prominently displayed, such as on restaurant menu boards, to help customers make informed decisions...
  19. pmc Legal and public health considerations affecting the success, reach, and impact of menu-labeling laws
    Jennifer L Pomeranz
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards St, Box 208369, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Am J Public Health 98:1578-83. 2008
    ..We further aim to educate the public health community of the potential legal challenges to such laws, and we set forth methods for governments to survive these challenges by drafting laws according to current legal standards...
  20. pmc Innovative legal approaches to address obesity
    Jennifer L Pomeranz
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT, USA
    Milbank Q 87:185-213. 2009
    ..Scientific advances, gaps in the current regulatory environment, and new ways of conceptualizing rights and responsibilities offer a foundation for legal innovation...
  21. doi request reprint Effects of serving high-sugar cereals on children's breakfast-eating behavior
    Jennifer L Harris
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards St, Box 208369, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Pediatrics 127:71-6. 2011
    ..To test (1) whether children will consume low-sugar ready-to-eat (RTE) cereals and (2) the effects of serving high- versus low-sugar cereals on the consumption of cereal, refined sugar, fresh fruit, and milk...
  22. doi request reprint Influence of licensed characters on children's taste and snack preferences
    Christina A Roberto
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Pediatrics 126:88-93. 2010
    ..The goal was to study how popular licensed cartoon characters appearing on food packaging affect young children's taste and snack preferences...
  23. doi request reprint An observational study of consumer use of fast-food restaurant drive-through lanes: implications for menu labelling policy
    Christina A Roberto
    Department of Psychology, The Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, PO Box 208369, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:1826-8. 2010
    ..The present study was designed to quantify the number of customers who purchase fast food through drive-in windows as a means of informing legislative labelling efforts...
  24. doi request reprint Breakfast cereal industry pledges to self-regulate advertising to youth: will they improve the marketing landscape?
    Marlene B Schwartz
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    J Public Health Policy 31:59-73. 2010
    ..These quantitative methods can be used in the future to evaluate the impact of industry self-regulation efforts to improve the marketing landscape...
  25. pmc The impact of food prices on consumption: a systematic review of research on the price elasticity of demand for food
    Tatiana Andreyeva
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards St, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:216-22. 2010
    ..Studies estimating price effects on substitutions from unhealthy to healthy food and price responsiveness among at-risk populations are particularly needed...
  26. pmc Evaluating the impact of menu labeling on food choices and intake
    Christina A Roberto
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Am J Public Health 100:312-8. 2010
    ..We assessed the impact of restaurant menu calorie labels on food choices and intake...
  27. doi request reprint Rationale and evidence for menu-labeling legislation
    Christina A Roberto
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Am J Prev Med 37:546-51. 2009
    ....
  28. doi request reprint Marketing foods to children and adolescents: licensed characters and other promotions on packaged foods in the supermarket
    Jennifer L Harris
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, PO Box 208369, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Public Health Nutr 13:409-17. 2010
    ..To analyse cross-promotions targeted to children and adolescents on packaging in the supermarket...
  29. pmc Priming effects of television food advertising on eating behavior
    Jennifer L Harris
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Health Psychol 28:404-13. 2009
    ..This research tests the hypothesis that exposure to food advertising during TV viewing may also contribute to obesity by triggering automatic snacking of available food...
  30. doi request reprint Examining the nutritional quality of breakfast cereals marketed to children
    Marlene B Schwartz
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 108:702-5. 2008
    ..Dietary advice for children to increase consumption of ready-to-eat breakfast cereals should identify and recommend those cereals with the best nutrient profiles...
  31. doi request reprint Changes in perceived weight discrimination among Americans, 1995-1996 through 2004-2006
    Tatiana Andreyeva
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1129-34. 2008
    ..This study examined the trends in perceived weight/height discrimination among a nationally representative sample of adults aged 35-74 years, comparing experiences of discrimination based on race, age, and gender...
  32. ncbi request reprint Weight bias among health professionals specializing in obesity
    Marlene B Schwartz
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Obes Res 11:1033-9. 2003
    ..To determine the level of anti-fat bias in health professionals specializing in obesity and identify personal characteristics that correlate with both implicit and explicit bias...
  33. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic and economic consequences of the global epidemics of obesity and diabetes
    Derek Yach
    Yale University School of Public Health, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Nat Med 12:62-6. 2006
  34. ncbi request reprint The influence of one's own body weight on implicit and explicit anti-fat bias
    Marlene B Schwartz
    Yale University, Department of Psychology, P O Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:440-7. 2006
    ..This study examined the influence of one's own body weight on the strength of implicit and explicit anti-fat bias...
  35. ncbi request reprint Confronting and coping with weight stigma: an investigation of overweight and obese adults
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT 06520 8369, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 14:1802-15. 2006
    ..This study examined experiences of weight stigmatization, sources of stigma, coping strategies, psychological functioning, and eating behaviors in a sample of 2671 overweight and obese adults...
  36. pmc Effects of soft drink consumption on nutrition and health: a systematic review and meta-analysis
    Lenny R Vartanian
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06520 8205, USA
    Am J Public Health 97:667-75. 2007
    ..Finally, studies funded by the food industry reported significantly smaller effects than did non-industry-funded studies. Recommendations to reduce population soft drink consumption are strongly supported by the available science...
  37. ncbi request reprint Trick, treat, or toy: children are just as likely to choose toys as candy on halloween
    Marlene B Schwartz
    Department of Psychology, Yale Center for Eating and Weight Disorders, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 35:207-9. 2003
    ..The implication of this study is that children will not be disappointed by toy treats on Halloween. In practice, nutrition professionals should encourage adults to create holiday traditions that do not rely on unhealthful foods...
  38. ncbi request reprint A pilot study of a weight management program with food provision in schizophrenia
    Michel Jean-Baptiste
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT, USA
    Schizophr Res 96:198-205. 2007
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Weight stigmatization and bias reduction: perspectives of overweight and obese adults
    Rebecca M Puhl
    Rudd Center for Food Policy and besity, Yale University, 309 Edwards Street, New Haven, CT 06518, USA
    Health Educ Res 23:347-58. 2008
    ....
  40. ncbi request reprint Comparison of price change and health message interventions in promoting healthy food choices
    Katherine Battle Horgen
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Health Psychol 21:505-12. 2002
    ..Price decreases may be a more powerful means than health messages of increasing consumption of healthy foods. Health messages may have paradoxical effects if foods labeled as healthy are assumed to taste bad...
  41. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the effects of eating disorder memoirs on readers' eating attitudes and behaviors
    Jennifer J Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 39:418-25. 2006
    ..More than 50 individuals have published eating disorder (ED) memoirs. The current study was the first to test whether memoirs affect readers' eating attitudes and behaviors, and whether they normalize and/or glamorize EDs...
  42. ncbi request reprint Emotional expression and body dissatisfaction
    Jumi Hayaki
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 31:57-62. 2002
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between emotional expression and body dissatisfaction in a sample of young women...
  43. ncbi request reprint "Before and after" diet advertisements escalate weight stigma
    A B Geier
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Eat Weight Disord 8:282-8. 2003
    ..These results suggest that "before and after" diet ads enhance weight stigma and perpetuate damaging stereotypes...
  44. ncbi request reprint Actions necessary to prevent childhood obesity: creating the climate for change
    Marlene B Schwartz
    Research and School Programs at the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 35:78-89. 2007
    ..At the same time, we must be sensitive to the problem of weight bias. Potential obstacles to taking a public policy approach are identified, as well as suggestions on how to overcome them...
  45. ncbi request reprint Studying intergenerational transmission of eating attitudes and behaviors: methodological and conceptual questions
    C W Baker
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Health Psychol 19:376-81. 2000
    ..Weight loss behavior was related to perceived criticism among daughters and to perceived paternal eating attitudes among sons. Results highlight important methodological and conceptual questions for intergenerational research...
  46. pmc Eighty-five per cent of what? Discrepancies in the weight cut-off for anorexia nervosa substantially affect the prevalence of underweight
    J J Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Psychol Med 39:833-43. 2009
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Public policy and obesity: the need to marry science with advocacy
    Shirley S Wang
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, 2 Hillhouse Avenue, Box 208205 New Haven, CT 06520 8250, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 28:235-52, x. 2005
  48. doi request reprint The influence of a defendant's body weight on perceptions of guilt
    N A Schvey
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Int J Obes (Lond) 37:1275-81. 2013
    ..Conclusion:The results of this novel study indicate that both weight and gender of a defendant may affect juror perceptions of guilt and responsibility. ..
  49. ncbi request reprint Psychosocial origins of obesity stigma: toward changing a powerful and pervasive bias
    R M Puhl
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, 2 Hillhouse Avenue, Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    Obes Rev 4:213-27. 2003
    ..Individual and sociocultural contributors to bias suggested by these approaches are highlighted. New directions are discussed in both the understanding and prevention of weight bias...
  50. pmc The relationship between eating disorder not otherwise specified (EDNOS) and officially recognized eating disorders: meta-analysis and implications for DSM
    Jennifer J Thomas
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA
    Psychol Bull 135:407-33. 2009
    ..American Psychiatric Association, 1994) categories, others-such as purging disorder and non-fat-phobic AN-may be best conceptualized as distinct syndromes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved)...
  51. ncbi request reprint Predicting adolescent eating and activity behaviors: the role of social norms and personal agency
    Christina Wood Baker
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, USA
    Health Psychol 22:189-98. 2003
    ..Patterns differed somewhat across behaviors and gender. Results highlight theoretical issues and provide potential targets for research on health promotion programs for youth...
  52. ncbi request reprint Sociotropy and bulimic symptoms in clinical and nonclinical samples
    Jumi Hayaki
    Department of Psychology, Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, Piscataway, New Jersey 08854 8020, USA
    Int J Eat Disord 34:172-6. 2003
    ..Individuals high in sociotropy are keenly invested in attaining others' approval and avoiding social rejection...
  53. ncbi request reprint Obesity: responding to the global epidemic
    Thomas A Wadden
    Department of Psychiatry, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 70:510-25. 2002
    ..The authors call not for the adoption of a specific policy initiative, but instead propose that policy research, based on viewing obesity as a public health problem, become a central focus of research...
  54. doi request reprint The 'Sydney Principles' for reducing the commercial promotion of foods and beverages to children
    Boyd Swinburn
    WHO Collaborating Centre for Obesity Prevention, School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences, Deakin University, 221 Burwood Highway, Burwood, Victoria 3125, Australia
    Public Health Nutr 11:881-6. 2008
    ..The Sydney Principles should guide the formation of an International Code on Food and Beverage Marketing to Children...
  55. pmc Portrayals of overweight and obese individuals on commercial television
    Bradley S Greenberg
    Department of Communication, Michigan State University, East Lansing 48824, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:1342-8. 2003
    ..This study examined the distribution and individual characteristics of body types on prime-time television...
  56. ncbi request reprint Obesity and managed care: a role for activism and advocacy?
    Kelly D Brownell
    Am J Manag Care 10:353-4. 2004