M L Bell

Summary

Affiliation: Yale University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc International expert workshop on the analysis of the economic and public health impacts of air pollution: workshop summary
    Michelle L Bell
    Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:1163-8. 2002
  2. pmc Environmental inequality in exposures to airborne particulate matter components in the United States
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1699-704. 2012
  3. pmc Review of research on residential mobility during pregnancy: consequences for assessment of prenatal environmental exposures
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 22:429-38. 2012
  4. pmc Relationship between birth weight and exposure to airborne fine particulate potassium and titanium during gestation
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Environ Res 117:83-9. 2012
  5. pmc Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007
  6. pmc Potential confounding of particulate matter on the short-term association between ozone and mortality in multisite time-series studies
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1591-5. 2007
  7. pmc Prenatal exposure to fine particulate matter and birth weight: variations by particulate constituents and sources
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Epidemiology 21:884-91. 2010
  8. pmc Community-level spatial heterogeneity of chemical constituent levels of fine particulates and implications for epidemiological research
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 21:372-84. 2011
  9. pmc Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Santiago, Chile and Mexico City, Mexico
    Michelle L Bell
    EnvironmentalHealth, Yale University, New Haven, CT06511, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:796-804. 2008
  10. pmc Emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases and ambient levels of carbon monoxide: results for 126 United States urban counties, 1999-2005
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, Kroon Hall, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Circulation 120:949-55. 2009

Detail Information

Publications36

  1. pmc International expert workshop on the analysis of the economic and public health impacts of air pollution: workshop summary
    Michelle L Bell
    Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:1163-8. 2002
    ..Key recommendations include the need for improved communication and extended collaboration, guidance and support for researchers, advances in methods, and resource support for data collection, assessment, and research...
  2. pmc Environmental inequality in exposures to airborne particulate matter components in the United States
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 120:1699-704. 2012
    ..Growing evidence indicates that toxicity of fine particulate matter ≤ 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5) differs by chemical component. Exposure to components may differ by population...
  3. pmc Review of research on residential mobility during pregnancy: consequences for assessment of prenatal environmental exposures
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 22:429-38. 2012
    ..Future research should consider the implications of residential mobility during pregnancy in relation to the exposure's spatial heterogeneity and factors associated with the likelihood of moving and distance moved...
  4. pmc Relationship between birth weight and exposure to airborne fine particulate potassium and titanium during gestation
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Environ Res 117:83-9. 2012
    ..Our results indicate that exposure to airborne potassium and titanium during pregnancy is associated with lower birth weight. Associations may relate to chemical components of sources producing K and Ti...
  5. pmc Ambient air pollution and low birth weight in Connecticut and Massachusetts
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1118-24. 2007
    ..Several studies have examined whether air pollution affects birth weight; however results vary and many studies were focused on Southern California or were conducted outside of the United States...
  6. pmc Potential confounding of particulate matter on the short-term association between ozone and mortality in multisite time-series studies
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1591-5. 2007
    ..A critical question regarding the association between short-term exposure to ozone and mortality is the extent to which this relationship is confounded by ambient exposure to particles...
  7. pmc Prenatal exposure to fine particulate matter and birth weight: variations by particulate constituents and sources
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Epidemiology 21:884-91. 2010
    ..Exposure to fine particles (PM2.5) during pregnancy has been linked to lower birth weight; however, the chemical composition of PM2.5 varies widely. The health effects of PM2.5 constituents are unknown...
  8. pmc Community-level spatial heterogeneity of chemical constituent levels of fine particulates and implications for epidemiological research
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 21:372-84. 2011
    ..When assessing health effects of PM constituents, new methods are needed for estimating exposure and accounting for exposure error induced by spatial variability...
  9. pmc Vulnerability to heat-related mortality in Latin America: a case-crossover study in Sao Paulo, Brazil, Santiago, Chile and Mexico City, Mexico
    Michelle L Bell
    EnvironmentalHealth, Yale University, New Haven, CT06511, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:796-804. 2008
    ..Factors affecting vulnerability to heat-related mortality are not well understood. Identifying susceptible populations is of particular importance given anticipated rising temperatures from climatic change...
  10. pmc Emergency hospital admissions for cardiovascular diseases and ambient levels of carbon monoxide: results for 126 United States urban counties, 1999-2005
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, Kroon Hall, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Circulation 120:949-55. 2009
    ..Uncertainties remain on the degree to which associations are attributable to other traffic pollutants and whether effects persist at low levels...
  11. pmc Ancillary human health benefits of improved air quality resulting from climate change mitigation
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Environ Health 7:41. 2008
    ..In this paper we review the existing evidence on ancillary health benefits relating to air pollution from various GHG strategies and provide a framework for such analysis...
  12. pmc Seasonal and regional short-term effects of fine particles on hospital admissions in 202 US counties, 1999-2005
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 168:1301-10. 2008
    ..Results can help guide development of hypotheses and further epidemiologic studies on potential heterogeneity in the toxicity of constituents of the particulate matter mixture...
  13. pmc Hospital admissions and chemical composition of fine particle air pollution
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:1115-20. 2009
    ..5)) on human health. The hypothesis has been advanced to include the possibility that such differences might be due to variations in the PM(2.5) chemical composition, but evidence supporting this hypothesis is lacking...
  14. pmc Spatial and temporal variation in PM(2.5) chemical composition in the United States for health effects studies
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:989-95. 2007
    ..Although numerous studies have demonstrated links between particulate matter (PM) and adverse health effects, the chemical components of the PM mixture that cause injury are unknown...
  15. ncbi request reprint The effect of sandstorms and air pollution on cause-specific hospital admissions in Taipei, Taiwan
    M L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
    Occup Environ Med 65:104-11. 2008
    ..This work investigates the relation between cause-specific hospital admissions and sandstorms and air pollution in Taipei, Taiwan's capital...
  16. doi request reprint Environmental health indicators and a case study of air pollution in Latin American cities
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 195 Prospect St, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Environ Res 111:57-66. 2011
    ..Careful consideration should be given to the purpose, assumptions, and limitations of EHIs used individually or in combination in order to minimize misinterpretation of their implications and enhance their usefulness...
  17. pmc Ozone and short-term mortality in 95 US urban communities, 1987-2000
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, Conn 06511, USA
    JAMA 292:2372-8. 2004
    ..Although numerous time-series studies have estimated associations between day-to-day variation in ozone levels and mortality counts, results have been inconclusive...
  18. ncbi request reprint Metrics matter: conflicting air quality rankings from different indices of air pollution
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 55:97-106. 2005
    ..Use of such averages can result in different policy rankings than consideration of the full distribution of impacts...
  19. pmc A meta-analysis of time-series studies of ozone and mortality with comparison to the national morbidity, mortality, and air pollution study
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Epidemiology 16:436-45. 2005
    ..Although many time-series studies of ozone and mortality have identified positive associations, others have yielded null or inconclusive results, making the results of these studies difficult to interpret...
  20. ncbi request reprint The avoidable health effects of air pollution in three Latin American cities: Santiago, São Paulo, and Mexico City
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Environ Res 100:431-40. 2006
    ..This research demonstrates the health and economic burden from air pollution in Latin American urban centers and the magnitude of health benefits from control policies...
  21. ncbi request reprint The use of ambient air quality modeling to estimate individual and population exposure for human health research: a case study of ozone in the Northern Georgia Region of the United States
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, 205 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, United States
    Environ Int 32:586-93. 2006
    ..The air quality modeling method faces its own limitations, such as the need to thoroughly evaluate concentration estimates and the use of ambient levels rather than personal exposure...
  22. pmc The exposure-response curve for ozone and risk of mortality and the adequacy of current ozone regulations
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, 205 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 114:532-6. 2006
    ..Interventions to further reduce O3 pollution would benefit public health, even in regions that meet current regulatory standards and guidelines...
  23. pmc Adverse health effects of particulate air pollution: modification by air conditioning
    Michelle L Bell
    Yale University, School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    Epidemiology 20:682-6. 2009
    ..Several hypotheses have been proposed for this variation, including different exposures with air conditioning (AC) versus open windows...
  24. pmc Does one size fit all? The suitability of standard ozone exposure metric conversion ratios and implications for epidemiology
    G Brooke Anderson
    Environmental Engineering, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 20:2-11. 2010
    ....
  25. pmc Effect modification by community characteristics on the short-term effects of ozone exposure and mortality in 98 US communities
    Michelle L Bell
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511
    Am J Epidemiol 167:986-97. 2008
    ..These differences may relate to underlying health status, differences in exposure, or other factors. Results show that some segments of the population may face higher health burdens of ozone pollution...
  26. ncbi request reprint Spatial heterogeneity of PM10 and O3 in São Paulo, Brazil, and implications for human health studies
    Mercedes A Bravo
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
    J Air Waste Manag Assoc 61:69-77. 2011
    ..Findings demonstrate the importance of considering spatial heterogeneity and differential exposure misclassification by subpopulation...
  27. doi request reprint Individual exposure to air pollution and lung function in Korea: spatial analysis using multiple exposure approaches
    Ji Young Son
    School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, CT, USA
    Environ Res 110:739-49. 2010
    ..Findings suggest that spatial interpolation methods may provide better estimates than monitoring values alone by reflecting the spatial variability of individual-level exposures and generating estimates for locations without monitors...
  28. pmc Weather-related mortality: how heat, cold, and heat waves affect mortality in the United States
    Brooke G Anderson
    Environmental Engineering Program, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
    Epidemiology 20:205-13. 2009
    ..Many studies have linked weather to mortality; however, role of such critical factors as regional variation, susceptible populations, and acclimatization remain unresolved...
  29. pmc Coarse particulate matter air pollution and hospital admissions for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases among Medicare patients
    Roger D Peng
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    JAMA 299:2172-9. 2008
    ..5) have been studied extensively over the last decade. Evidence concerning the health risks of the coarse fraction of greater than 2.5 microm and 10 microm or less in aerodynamic diameter (PM10-2.5) is limited...
  30. pmc Does the effect of PM10 on mortality depend on PM nickel and vanadium content? A reanalysis of the NMMAPS data
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD 21215, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 115:1701-3. 2007
    ..They found that average concentrations of nickel or vanadium in PM2.5 (PM with aerodynamic diameter < 2.5 microm) positively modified the lag-1 day association between PM10 and all-cause mortality...
  31. pmc Fine particulate air pollution and hospital admission for cardiovascular and respiratory diseases
    Francesca Dominici
    Department of Biostatistics, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    JAMA 295:1127-34. 2006
    ..5 microm in aerodynamic diameter [PM2.5]) is limited. Results from the new national monitoring network for PM2.5 make possible systematic research on health risks at national and regional scales...
  32. ncbi request reprint Commentary: nitrogen dioxide and asthma redux
    Jonathan M Samet
    Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Epidemiology, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 33:215-6. 2004
  33. ncbi request reprint Time-series studies of particulate matter
    Michelle L Bell
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 25:247-80. 2004
    ....
  34. pmc A retrospective assessment of mortality from the London smog episode of 1952: the role of influenza and pollution
    Michelle L Bell
    Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, W6508 A, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 112:6-8. 2004
    ..These results underscore the need for diligence regarding extremely high air pollution that still exists in many parts of the world...
  35. pmc A look back at the London smog of 1952 and the half century since
    Devra L Davis
    Environ Health Perspect 110:A734-5. 2002
  36. pmc A comparison of particulate matter from biomass-burning rural and non-biomass-burning urban households in northeastern China
    Ruoting Jiang
    Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 116:907-14. 2008
    ..Biomass fuel is the primary source of domestic fuel in much of rural China. Previous studies have not characterized particle exposure through time-activity diaries or personal monitoring in mainland China...

Research Grants5

  1. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..
  2. National Assessment of the Mortality and Morbidity Effects of Tropospheric Ozone
    Michelle L Bell; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The goal of this work is to provide policy-makers, scientists, and the public with a better understanding of how ozone affects health in order to aid more effective decisions regarding protection of human health. ..