ROBERT GEOFFREY CARLSON

Summary

Affiliation: Wright State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Latent class analysis of non-opioid dependent illegal pharmaceutical opioid users in Ohio
    Robert G Carlson
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addiction Research, Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 134:259-66. 2014
  2. doi request reprint Driving themselves to drink: qualitative perspectives from "hardcore" DUI repeat offenders in Ohio
    Robert G Carlson
    Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45385, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 10:363-79. 2011
  3. ncbi request reprint Drug use practices among MDMA/ecstasy users in Ohio: a latent class analysis
    Robert G Carlson
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 143 Biological Sciences Building, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:167-79. 2005
  4. ncbi request reprint MDMA/Ecstasy use among young people in Ohio: perceived risk and barriers to intervention
    Robert G Carlson
    Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 36:181-9. 2004
  5. pmc Predictors of substance abuse treatment entry among rural illicit stimulant users in Ohio, Arkansas, and Kentucky
    Robert G Carlson
    Boonshoft School of Medicine, Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addiction Research, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    Subst Abus 31:1-7. 2010
  6. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of psychiatric disorder among a community sample of crack cocaine users: an exploratory study with practical implications
    Russel S Falck
    Department of Community Health, Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:503-7. 2004
  7. pmc An ethnographic exploration of self-reported violence among rural methamphetamine users
    Rocky L Sexton
    Department of Community Health, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 8:35-53. 2009
  8. doi request reprint A folk model of treatment readiness among drug users in Ohio
    Cristina Redko
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 6:15-40. 2007
  9. doi request reprint Depressive symptomatology in young adults with a history of MDMA use: a longitudinal analysis
    Russel S Falck
    Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 22:47-54. 2008
  10. ncbi request reprint Understanding the working alliance between persons with substance abuse problems and strengths-based case managers
    Cristina Redko
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 39:241-50. 2007

Detail Information

Publications47

  1. pmc Latent class analysis of non-opioid dependent illegal pharmaceutical opioid users in Ohio
    Robert G Carlson
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addiction Research, Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, United States Electronic address
    Drug Alcohol Depend 134:259-66. 2014
    ..We characterize heterogeneity in opioid use patterns among a community-based sample of 18-23 year-olds who use non-medical pharmaceutical opioids, yet are not opioid dependent...
  2. doi request reprint Driving themselves to drink: qualitative perspectives from "hardcore" DUI repeat offenders in Ohio
    Robert G Carlson
    Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45385, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 10:363-79. 2011
    ..The findings provide preliminary qualitative insight into a unique population that may be used to inform future studies...
  3. ncbi request reprint Drug use practices among MDMA/ecstasy users in Ohio: a latent class analysis
    Robert G Carlson
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 143 Biological Sciences Building, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 79:167-79. 2005
    ..Latent class analysis is a useful method to help describe and understand variability in polydrug use patterns...
  4. ncbi request reprint MDMA/Ecstasy use among young people in Ohio: perceived risk and barriers to intervention
    Robert G Carlson
    Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 36:181-9. 2004
    ..Because Ecstasy is commonly used among small groups of friends, peer leader or other social network intervention approaches may be promising...
  5. pmc Predictors of substance abuse treatment entry among rural illicit stimulant users in Ohio, Arkansas, and Kentucky
    Robert G Carlson
    Boonshoft School of Medicine, Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addiction Research, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    Subst Abus 31:1-7. 2010
    ..Nondaily crack cocaine users and marijuana users were less likely to enter treatment. The findings can help inform rural substance abuse treatment program development and outreach...
  6. ncbi request reprint The prevalence of psychiatric disorder among a community sample of crack cocaine users: an exploratory study with practical implications
    Russel S Falck
    Department of Community Health, Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:503-7. 2004
    ..White crack users were more likely to have comorbidity, complicating their treatment...
  7. pmc An ethnographic exploration of self-reported violence among rural methamphetamine users
    Rocky L Sexton
    Department of Community Health, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 8:35-53. 2009
    ..Implications of the findings for additional research and interventions are discussed...
  8. doi request reprint A folk model of treatment readiness among drug users in Ohio
    Cristina Redko
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 6:15-40. 2007
    ..A better understanding of drug users' perceptions can help to inform interventions designed to improve readiness for treatment...
  9. doi request reprint Depressive symptomatology in young adults with a history of MDMA use: a longitudinal analysis
    Russel S Falck
    Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychopharmacol 22:47-54. 2008
    ..The low and declining mean scores suggest that for most people MDMA/;ecstasy' use does not result in long-term depressive symptomatology...
  10. ncbi request reprint Understanding the working alliance between persons with substance abuse problems and strengths-based case managers
    Cristina Redko
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 39:241-50. 2007
    ..Most clients concluded that a positive working alliance helped them to build trust, self-worth, and self-esteem...
  11. ncbi request reprint Methamphetamine use in Dayton, Ohio: preliminary findings from the Ohio Substance Abuse Monitoring Network
    Raminta Daniulaityte
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Department of Community Health, The Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 39:211-21. 2007
    ..Implications for treatment and prevention are discussed...
  12. pmc Perceived need for substance abuse treatment among illicit stimulant drug users in rural areas of Ohio, Arkansas, and Kentucky
    Russel S Falck
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 91:107-14. 2007
    ..These findings have practical implications for efforts addressing substance abuse in rural areas...
  13. pmc Individual and system influences on waiting time for substance abuse treatment
    Carey J A Carr
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 34:192-201. 2008
    ....
  14. pmc Improving linkage with substance abuse treatment using brief case management and motivational interviewing
    Richard C Rapp
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 94:172-82. 2008
    ..Numerous behavioral interventions have been tested to determine their potential role in improving linkage...
  15. ncbi request reprint Health status of illicit stimulant drug users in rural Ohio
    Russel S Falck
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs . 2007
    ..1.56-10.13), to have poor mental health scores. Frequency and type of drug use had no measurable effect on mental health status. Physical and mental health problems are likely to be pervasive among nonmedical drug users in rural areas...
  16. pmc Predictors of depressive symptomatology among rural stimulant users
    Raminta Daniulaityte
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addiction Research, Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 42:435-45. 2010
    ..These results suggest that a host of drug and nondrug factors need to be considered when addressing depressive symptoms in stimulant users...
  17. pmc Among long-term crack smokers, who avoids and who succumbs to cocaine addiction?
    Russel S Falck
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine WSUBSOM, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 98:24-9. 2008
    ..Additional research is needed to better understand the role of race/ethnicity in the development of cocaine dependence resulting from crack use...
  18. ncbi request reprint Barriers to formal drug abuse treatment in the rural south: a preliminary ethnographic assessment
    Rocky L Sexton
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Department of Community Health, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 40:121-9. 2008
    ..The study findings can inform further examination of rural treatment barriers and have important implications for developing strategies to overcome these obstacles...
  19. ncbi request reprint Development of the pretreatment readiness scale for substance abusers: modification of an existing motivation assessment
    Richard C Rapp
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research CITAR, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Subst Abus 29:39-50. 2008
    ..The implications of these findings on developing interventions for the pretreatment group will be discussed...
  20. pmc Understanding treatment readiness in recently assessed, pre-treatment substance abusers
    Richard C Rapp
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research CITAR, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Subst Abus 28:11-23. 2007
    ..This study provides an increased understanding of readiness for treatment among pre-treatment substance abusers and also supported the construct validity of the Pre-Treatment Readiness Scale...
  21. ncbi request reprint The multidimensional structure of external barriers to substance abuse treatment and its invariance across gender, ethnicity, and age
    Jiangmin Xu
    Center for Intervention, Treatment, and Addiction Research CITAR, Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435 0001, USA
    Subst Abus 29:43-54. 2008
    ..The findings suggest that it would be reasonable to consider the pattern of factor loadings and structure relations as invariant across gender, ethnic, and age groups...
  22. ncbi request reprint Crack cocaine trajectories among users in a midwestern American city
    Russel S Falck
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University Boonshoft School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Addiction 102:1421-31. 2007
    ..Although crack cocaine first appeared in cities in the United States in the mid-1980s, little is known about its use over long periods of time. This study identified crack cocaine user groups on the basis of long-term trajectories...
  23. ncbi request reprint "Heavy users," "controlled users," and "quitters": understanding patterns of crack use among women in a midwestern city
    Raminta Daniulaityte
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Department of Community Health, School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 42:129-52. 2007
    ..We focus on understanding the social factors, life history, and everyday circumstances that participants related to their current patterns and levels of crack use. Implications for intervention are discussed...
  24. ncbi request reprint Methamphetamine use and adverse consequences in the rural southern United States: an ethnographic overview
    Rocky L Sexton
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 143 Biological Sciences, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs . 2006
    ..The findings indicate that informed drug treatment outreach and reduction of potential adverse consequences among methamphetamine users in rural areas are important issues for public health and for interventions...
  25. ncbi request reprint Respondent-driven sampling to recruit MDMA users: a methodological assessment
    Jichuan Wang
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 78:147-57. 2005
    ..RDS has the potential to be widely employed in studies of illicit drug-using populations...
  26. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of current depressive symptomatology among a community sample of MDMA users in Ohio
    Russel S Falck
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Addict Behav 31:90-101. 2006
    ..Higher lifetime occasions of MDMA use were marginally related to symptoms of serious depression...
  27. ncbi request reprint Nonmedical drug use among stimulant-using adults in small towns in rural Ohio
    Russel S Falck
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Wright State University, School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Subst Abuse Treat 28:341-9. 2005
    ..White and younger people were more likely to be classified in the heavy user group. The results suggest that comprehensive substance abuse prevention and treatment programs are needed in rural communities...
  28. ncbi request reprint From "Candy Kids" to "Chemi-Kids": a typology of young adults who attend raves in the midwestern United States
    Jill A McCaughan
    Wright State University, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 40:1503-23. 2005
    ..The typology can aid in the development of communication strategies necessary for successful prevention activities among some categories of ecstasy users...
  29. ncbi request reprint Current physical health problems and their predictors among a community sample of crack-cocaine smokers in Ohio
    Russel S Falck
    Department of Community Health, Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 35:471-8. 2003
    ..Incorporating assessments of physical problems as well as a mechanism for their treatment into the regimen of drug abuse treatment programs should be considered...
  30. ncbi request reprint Emergency department utilization by crack-cocaine smokers in Dayton, Ohio
    Harvey A Siegal
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 32:55-68. 2006
    ..06-1.99), and higher Addiction Severity Index composite medical scores (OR=1.62, 95%CI=1.15-2.29) increased the odds of an ED visit. Factors in addition to drug use are likely to affect ED utilization rates among crack-cocaine smokers...
  31. ncbi request reprint The role of African-American clergy in providing informal services to drug users in the rural South: preliminary ethnographic findings
    Rocky L Sexton
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addiction Research, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 5:1-21. 2006
    ..They suggest that professional treatment providers should investigate the potential benefits of improving outreach efforts to assist African-American ministers engaged in drug abuse issues...
  32. ncbi request reprint Perspectives on health among adult users of illicit stimulant drugs in rural Ohio
    Harvey A Siegal
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    J Rural Health 22:169-73. 2006
    ..Although the nonmedical use of stimulant drugs such as cocaine and methamphetamine is increasingly common in many rural areas of the United States, little is known about the health beliefs of people who use these drugs...
  33. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric disorders and their correlates among young adult MDMA users in Ohio
    Russel S Falck
    Department of Community Health and Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 38:19-29. 2006
    ..Variations in the prevalence of psychiatric disorders have practical implications for drug abuse prevention and treatment programs...
  34. ncbi request reprint Barriers and pathways to diffusion of methamphetamine use among African Americans in the rural South: preliminary ethnographic findings
    Rocky L Sexton
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addiction Research, Department of Community Health, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 4:77-103. 2005
    ..Fourteen African Americans reported methamphetamine use and discussed pathways to it. Possible increases in African- American methamphetamine use merits further investigation...
  35. ncbi request reprint The prevalence and correlates of depressive symptomatology among a community sample of crack-cocaine smokers
    Russel S Falck
    Department of Community Health, Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, Dayton, Ohio 45435, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 34:281-8. 2002
    ..Treatment programs should routinely screen crack-cocaine users for depression. The BDI may be a suitable tool for such efforts since it has an acceptable level of internal consistency when employed with crack users (a = 0.89)...
  36. ncbi request reprint Respondent-driven sampling in the recruitment of illicit stimulant drug users in a rural setting: findings and technical issues
    Jichuan Wang
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research Wright State University, Boonshoft School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, 110 Med Sci, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Addict Behav 32:924-37. 2007
    ..Some limitations of RDS are also discussed...
  37. ncbi request reprint Multi-sample standardization and decomposition analysis: an application to comparisons of methamphetamine use among rural drug users in three American states
    Jichuan Wang
    Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Department of Community Health, Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Stat Med 26:3612-23. 2007
    ..The study shows that SDA is a useful technique for multi-population comparisons, providing an opportunity to look at data from a different perspective in medical studies...
  38. ncbi request reprint Variability in drug use prevalence across school districts in the same locale in Ohio
    Russel S Falck
    Dept of Community Health, Center for Interventions, Treatment, and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    J Sch Health 72:288-93. 2002
    ..Local survey data can inform local policy and programs. These findings have practical implications for policymakers, program developers, and school districts in other areas of the country...
  39. ncbi request reprint Predictors of drug abuse treatment entry among crack-cocaine smokers
    Harvey A Siegal
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 68:159-66. 2002
    ..Developing a strategy to practically apply these findings may facilitate treatment entry among a population involved with a dangerous and debilitating drug...
  40. ncbi request reprint Sources of information about MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine): perceived accuracy, importance, and implications for prevention among young adult users
    Russel S Falck
    Center for Interventions, Treatment and Addictions Research, Wright State University School of Medicine, 3640 Colonel Glenn Highway, Dayton, OH 45435, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 74:45-54. 2004
    ..Findings support the development of peer-oriented, network strategies to reach ecstasy users with prevention messages. Efforts to make prevention web sites more attractive should be considered...
  41. ncbi request reprint Probable relationship between opioid abuse and heroin use
    Harvey A Siegal
    Am Fam Physician 67:942, 945. 2003
  42. doi request reprint Longitudinal changes in methamphetamine and cocaine use in untreated rural stimulant users: racial differences and the impact of methamphetamine legislation
    Tyrone F Borders
    Department of Health Policy and Management, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR 72205 7199, USA
    Addiction 103:800-8. 2008
    ..To examine how race and methamphetamine legislation are associated with changes in cocaine and methamphetamine use among untreated rural stimulant users...
  43. ncbi request reprint Needles in the haystacks: the social context of initiation to heroin injection in rural Ohio
    Paul J Draus
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, The University of Michigan Dearborn, Dearborn, Michigan, USA
    Subst Use Misuse 41:1111-24. 2006
    ..This study complements other research on the social ecology of heroin injection and may contribute to improved services for injection drug users in rural areas and small communities...
  44. ncbi request reprint Physical health, illicit drug use, and demographic characteristics in rural stimulant users
    Thomas F Garrity
    Department of Behavioral Science, College of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 0086, USA
    J Rural Health 23:99-107. 2007
    ..There is growing concern about illicit rural stimulant use, especially regarding methamphetamine use and its health consequences...
  45. ncbi request reprint Change in the scenery: an ethnographic exploration of crack cocaine use in rural Ohio
    Paul J Draus
    Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Michigan Dearborn, 48128, USA
    J Ethn Subst Abuse 6:81-107. 2007
    ..It is postulated that local social networks are the primary means by which these patterns are both transmitted and translated. Implications of these exploratory findings and possible directions for future research are discussed...
  46. ncbi request reprint HIV risk behaviors among rural stimulant users: variation by gender and race/ethnicity
    Patricia B Wright
    Division of Health Services Research, Department of Psychiatry, College of Medicine, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, USA
    AIDS Educ Prev 19:137-50. 2007
    ..9, CI = 1.47-10.09; p = .006). These findings indicate HIV prevention efforts should be tailored to address gender and racial/ethnic differences in risk behaviors among rural stimulant users...
  47. doi request reprint Sodium-hydrogen exchange inhibition by cariporide to reduce the risk of ischemic cardiac events in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting: results of the EXPEDITION study
    Robert M Mentzer
    Wayne State University School of Medicine, 540 East Canfield, 1241 Scott Hall, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Ann Thorac Surg 85:1261-70. 2008
    ..The premise was that inhibition of NHE-1 limits intracellcular Na accumulation and thereby limits Na/Ca-exchanger-mediated calcium overload to reduce infarct size...

Research Grants10

  1. MDMA/Club Drug Use & STD/HIV Sex Risk Behavior in Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The results can inform future sex risk-reduction interventions as well as club drug prevention and treatment initiatives. ..
  2. Opioid Use Trajectories and HIV Risk among Young Adults in Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..The results will benefit public health by informing potential interventions. ..
  3. Crack Cocaine and Health Services Use in Rural Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Finally, the data provided by this study will help policy makers plan prevention activities and develop a treatment response for drug abusers in rural areas. ..
  4. MDMA/Club Drug Use & STD/HIV Sex Risk Behavior in Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The results can inform future sex risk-reduction interventions as well as club drug prevention and treatment initiatives. ..
  5. Crack Cocaine and Health Services Use in Rural Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..Finally, the data provided by this study will help policy makers plan prevention activities and develop a treatment response for drug abusers in rural areas. ..
  6. MDMA/Club Drug Use & STD/HIV Sex Risk Behavior in Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The results can inform future sex risk-reduction interventions as well as club drug prevention and treatment initiatives. ..
  7. MDMA/Club Drug Use & STD/HIV Sex Risk Behavior in Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..The results can inform future sex risk-reduction interventions as well as club drug prevention and treatment initiatives. ..
  8. MDMA/Club Drug Use & STD/HIV Sex Risk Behavior in Ohio
    Robert Carlson; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..The results can inform future sex risk-reduction interventions as well as club drug prevention and treatment initiatives. ..
  9. Opioid Use Trajectories and HIV Risk among Young Adults in Ohio
    ROBERT GEOFFREY CARLSON; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The results will benefit public health by informing potential interventions. ..