C M Reddy

Summary

Affiliation: Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Composition and fate of gas and oil released to the water column during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:20229-34. 2012
  2. ncbi request reprint The West Falmouth oil spill after thirty years: the persistence of petroleum hydrocarbons in marsh sediments
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:4754-60. 2002
  3. ncbi request reprint Determination of biodiesel blending percentages using natural abundance radiocarbon analysis: testing the accuracy of retail biodiesel blends
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:2476-82. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Identification and quantification of alkene-based drilling fluids in crude oils by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with flame ionization detection
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Chromatogr A 1148:100-7. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon evidence for a naturally produced, bioaccumulating halogenated organic compound
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 38:1992-7. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint A chlorine isotope effect for enzyme-catalyzed chlorination
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 124:14526-7. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon as a tool to apportion the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and black carbon in environmental samples
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry and National Oceans Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Facility, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1774-82. 2002
  8. ncbi request reprint Stable chlorine intramolecular kinetic isotope effects from the abiotic dehydrochlorination of DDT
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 9:183-6. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon content of synthetic and natural semi-volatile halogenated organic compounds
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Pollut 120:163-8. 2002
  10. ncbi request reprint The North Cape oil spill: hydrocarbons in Rhode Island coastal waters and Point Judith Pond
    C M Reddy
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett 02882, USA
    Mar Environ Res 52:445-61. 2001

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. pmc Composition and fate of gas and oil released to the water column during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:20229-34. 2012
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint The West Falmouth oil spill after thirty years: the persistence of petroleum hydrocarbons in marsh sediments
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:4754-60. 2002
    ..These results suggestthatatthis site hydrocarbon contamination will persist indefinitely in the sedimentary record...
  3. ncbi request reprint Determination of biodiesel blending percentages using natural abundance radiocarbon analysis: testing the accuracy of retail biodiesel blends
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:2476-82. 2008
    ..Only one out of ten retail samples passed the specifications that the United States Department of Defense requires for blends that are 20% biodiesel (v/v; referred to as B20)...
  4. ncbi request reprint Identification and quantification of alkene-based drilling fluids in crude oils by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography with flame ionization detection
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    J Chromatogr A 1148:100-7. 2007
    ..These results should motivate the petroleum industry to consider GC x GC-FID for measuring drilling fluids...
  5. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon evidence for a naturally produced, bioaccumulating halogenated organic compound
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 38:1992-7. 2004
    ..However, these delta14C values for DBP-Br4Cl2 are more depleted than expected for a recently synthesized natural product. Several explanations are discussed, but additional samples..
  6. ncbi request reprint A chlorine isotope effect for enzyme-catalyzed chlorination
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    J Am Chem Soc 124:14526-7. 2002
    ..These results indicate that a substantial KIE exists for this process. Furthermore, natural COCs synthesized by this enzymatic pathway may have Cl isotope ratios that will be easily distinguished from anthropogenic COCs...
  7. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon as a tool to apportion the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and black carbon in environmental samples
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry and National Oceans Sciences Accelerator Mass Spectrometry Facility, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 36:1774-82. 2002
    ..In addition, these data indicate that both the PAHs and the BC species derive mostly from fossil fuels and/or their combustion products...
  8. ncbi request reprint Stable chlorine intramolecular kinetic isotope effects from the abiotic dehydrochlorination of DDT
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 9:183-6. 2002
    ..These studies, however, have been generally limited to volatile molecules...
  9. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon content of synthetic and natural semi-volatile halogenated organic compounds
    Christopher M Reddy
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Pollut 120:163-8. 2002
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint The North Cape oil spill: hydrocarbons in Rhode Island coastal waters and Point Judith Pond
    C M Reddy
    Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett 02882, USA
    Mar Environ Res 52:445-61. 2001
    ..In PJP, water column concentrations of individual PAHs decreased at rates of 0.08-0.24 day(-1) and lower-molecular weight PAHs were removed faster than higher-molecular weight PAHs...
  11. ncbi request reprint Halogenated organic compounds in archived whale oil: a pre-industrial record
    Emma L Teuten
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 360 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Pollut 145:668-71. 2007
    ..This result indicates, at least in part, a natural source of the latter compounds...
  12. ncbi request reprint Effect of field exposure to 38-year-old residual petroleum hydrocarbons on growth, condition index, and filtration rate of the ribbed mussel, Geukensia demissa
    Jennifer B Culbertson
    Boston University Marine Program, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Pollut 154:312-9. 2008
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Expanding the range of brominated Q1 analogues
    Emma L Teuten
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Wood Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 52:578-82. 2006
  14. ncbi request reprint Two abundant bioaccumulated halogenated compounds are natural products
    Emma L Teuten
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 307:917-20. 2005
    ..By analyzing the natural abundance radiocarbon content of two MeO-PBDEs isolated from a True's beaked whale (Mesoplodon mirus), we show that these compounds were naturally produced...
  15. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon-based assessment of fossil fuel-derived contaminant associations in sediments
    Helen K White
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:5428-34. 2008
    ..The infrequency of significant incorporation of HOCs into nonextracted OM residues suggests that most HOCs are mobile and bioavailable in the environment and, as such, have a greater potential to exert adverse effects...
  16. ncbi request reprint The absence and application of stable carbon isotopic fractionation during the reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated biphenyls
    N J Drenzek
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 35:3310-3. 2001
    ..Such information may provide additional evidence for the occurrence of this process and aid in further understanding the biogeochemistry of these compounds...
  17. doi request reprint Brominated flame retardants and organochlorine contaminants in winter flounder, harp and hooded seals, and North Atlantic right whales from the Northwest Atlantic Ocean
    Eric W Montie
    Department of Biology EWM, MJM, and MEH, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution WHOI, Woods Hole, MA 02543, United States
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:1160-9. 2010
    ..Future research should focus on monitoring PBDEs, current-use, non-PBDE BFRs, and MeO-BDEs of natural origin in marine organisms from Massachusetts and Cape Cod Bays...
  18. ncbi request reprint Identification of highly brominated analogues of Q1 in marine mammals
    Emma L Teuten
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 360 Woods Hole Road, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Pollut 144:336-44. 2006
    ..7 microg/g (lipid weight). The regiospecificity of C(9)H(3)N(2)Br(6)Cl is suggestive of a biogenic origin. Debromination of C(9)H(3)N(2)Br(6)Cl may be significant in the formation of C(9)H(4)N(2)Br(5)Cl...
  19. doi request reprint Expanding the range of halogenated 1'-methyl-1,2'-bipyrroles (MBPs) using GC/ECNI-MS and GCxGC/TOF-MS
    Kristin Pangallo
    MIT WHOI Joint Program in Oceanography Applied Ocean Science and Engineering, USA
    Chemosphere 71:1557-65. 2008
    ..That is, samples from the Atlantic Ocean are dominated by the more brominated congeners while those from the Pacific are dominated by the more chlorinated congeners...
  20. ncbi request reprint Long-term biological effects of petroleum residues on fiddler crabs in salt marshes
    Jennifer B Culbertson
    Boston University Marine Program, Marine Biological Laboratory, 7 MBL Street, Woods Hole, MA, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 54:955-62. 2007
    ....
  21. pmc Molecular evidence of Late Archean archaea and the presence of a subsurface hydrothermal biosphere
    Gregory T Ventura
    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, M C 186, 845 West Taylor Street, Chicago, IL 60607 7059, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:14260-5. 2007
    ..The addition of these lipids to the sediments likely results from a Late Archean subsurface hydrothermal biosphere of archaea and bacteria...
  22. doi request reprint The M/V Cosco Busan spill: source identification and short-term fate
    Karin L Lemkau
    MIT WHOI Joint Program in Oceanography Applied Ocean Science and Engineering, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:2123-9. 2010
    ..Changes in n-C(18)/phytane and benz[a]anthracene/chrysene ratios indicated some biodegradation and photodegradation, respectively...
  23. ncbi request reprint Compound-specific 81Br/79Br analysis by capillary gas chromatography/multicollector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
    Sean P Sylva
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Rapid Commun Mass Spectrom 21:3301-5. 2007
    ..3 nmol of Br are injected. For samples larger than 0.3 nmol Br, the isotopic precision was within a factor of 3 of the shot-noise limit, which is the best possible statistical precision attainable avoiding all other sources of noise...
  24. doi request reprint Tracking hydrocarbon plume transport and biodegradation at Deepwater Horizon
    Richard Camilli
    Applied Ocean Physics and Engineering Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Science 330:201-4. 2010
    ..Dissolved oxygen concentrations suggest that microbial respiration rates within the plume were not appreciably more than 1 micromolar oxygen per day...
  25. doi request reprint The size, mass, and composition of plastic debris in the western North Atlantic Ocean
    Skye Morét-Ferguson
    Sea Education Association, P O Box 6, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 60:1873-8. 2010
    ..These analyses provide clues in understanding particle fate and potential debris sources, and address ecological implications of pelagic plastic debris...
  26. ncbi request reprint Photochemical degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in oil films
    Desiree L Plata
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 42:2432-8. 2008
    ..Our results indicate that photomediated reactions with other compounds in the oil mixture were responsible for PAH photodegradation in the oil film...
  27. ncbi request reprint Distribution patterns suggest biomagnification of halogenated 1'-methyl-1,2'-bipyrroles (MBPs)
    Kristin C Pangallo
    MIT WHOI Joint Program in Oceanography Applied Ocean Science and Engineering, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, 360 Woods Hole Rd, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 43:122-7. 2009
    ..Also explored were the similarities and differences with CB-153, the effects of nutritional state on contaminant distribution, and the maternal transfer of blubber-based organic contaminants...
  28. ncbi request reprint Isotopic constraints on the fate of petroleum residues sequestered in salt marsh sediments
    Helen K White
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:2545-51. 2005
    ..These results pave the way for applications of this isotopic approach to more complex environmental systems where the fate of contaminants is less certain...
  29. ncbi request reprint Invariant chlorine isotopic signatures during microbial PCB reductive dechlorination
    Nicholas J Drenzek
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Environ Pollut 128:445-8. 2004
    ..The utility of HPLC isolation for compound-specific delta37Cl analyses of environmentally relevant species is also demonstrated...
  30. ncbi request reprint Spectral characterization of two bioaccumulated methoxylated polybrominated diphenyl ethers
    Emma L Teuten
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Chemosphere 62:197-203. 2006
    ..Our characterizations are consistent with those made for MeO-PBDEs in other organisms, identified by chromatographic methods...
  31. ncbi request reprint The 1974 spill of the Bouchard 65 oil barge: petroleum hydrocarbons persist in Winsor Cove salt marsh sediments
    Emily E Peacock
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 54:214-25. 2007
    ..In addition, historical data and photographs combined with their recent counterparts indicate that erosion has physically removed these contaminants from this site...
  32. ncbi request reprint High-resolution record of pyrogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon deposition during the 20th century
    Ana Lúcia C Lima
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 37:53-61. 2003
    ..Coronene, retene, and perylene are notable exceptions, exhibiting unique down-core profiles...
  33. ncbi request reprint Abundance, composition, and vertical transport of PAHs in marsh sediments
    Helen K White
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 39:8273-80. 2005
    ..Assessment of the influence of these processes on the spilled oil expands our understanding of the overall fate of these compounds and their potential long-term effects on the environment...
  34. doi request reprint Method for rapid localization of seafloor petroleum contamination using concurrent mass spectrometry and acoustic positioning
    R Camilli
    Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Mar Pollut Bull 58:1505-13. 2009
    ..Results indicate that this technological approach can accurately localize seafloor oil contamination in real-time at spatial resolutions better than a decimeter...
  35. ncbi request reprint Carbon and chlorine isotope effects during abiotic reductive dechlorination of polychlorinated ethanes
    Thomas B Hofstetter
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts 02543, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 41:4662-8. 2007
    ..013-1.021) than for dehydrochlorination (1.000-1.006). These results suggest that reductive transformations of polychlorinated contaminants might be identified on the basis of combined C and Cl isotope analysis...
  36. ncbi request reprint Biodegradation and environmental behavior of biodiesel mixtures in the sea: An initial study
    Jared A DeMello
    Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, United States
    Mar Pollut Bull 54:894-904. 2007
    ....
  37. pmc Developing tools for risk assessment in protected species: Relative potencies inferred from competitive binding of halogenated aromatic hydrocarbons to aryl hydrocarbon receptors from beluga (Delphinapterus leucas) and mouse
    Brenda A Jensen
    Department of Biology, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA
    Aquat Toxicol 100:238-45. 2010
    ..Further study is warranted in order to more fully address this important question affecting protected and endangered species...
  38. ncbi request reprint Vapour pressures, aqueous solubilities, Henry's Law constants, and octanol/water partition coefficients of a series of mixed halogenated dimethyl bipyrroles
    Sheryl A Tittlemier
    Centre for Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ont, Canada K1S 5B6
    Chemosphere 57:1373-81. 2004
    ..Only slight differences in behaviour amongst HDBP congeners were predicted since substitution of a bromine for a chlorine (Cl/Br substitution) atom had less effect than H/Cl or H/Br substitution on P(o)(L,25), S(w,25), H25, and K(ow)...
  39. ncbi request reprint Radiocarbon apportionment of fossil versus biofuel combustion sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the Stockholm metropolitan area
    Manolis Mandalakis
    Institute of Applied Environmental Research ITM, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Sci Technol 38:5344-9. 2004
    ..Societies' shifting energy policies toward a larger reliance on biofuels may thus not lead to further deterioration of air quality and respiratory ailments for the urban population...
  40. ncbi request reprint Resolving the unresolved complex mixture in petroleum-contaminated sediments
    Glenn S Frysinger
    Department of Science, United States Coast Guard Academy, New London, Connecticut 06320, USA
    Environ Sci Technol 37:1653-62. 2003
    ..The ability of GC x GC to resolve thousands of individual chemical components from the UCM will facilitate an understanding of the sources, weathering, and toxicity of UCM hydrocarbons...
  41. ncbi request reprint Determination of microbial carbon sources in petroleum contaminated sediments using molecular 14C analysis
    Gregory F Slater
    School of Geography and Geology, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada
    Environ Sci Technol 39:2552-8. 2005
    ..Future efforts directed at determining indices of microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons should consider competition with natural organic matter...
  42. ncbi request reprint Contribution of biomass burning to atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons at three European background sites
    Manolis Mandalakis
    Department of Applied Environmental Science ITM, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Environ Sci Technol 39:2976-82. 2005
    ....
  43. doi request reprint A cautionary tale about evaluating analytical methods to assess contamination after oil spills
    Christopher M Reddy
    Mar Pollut Bull 56:1380. 2008
  44. ncbi request reprint Disentangling oil weathering using GC x GC. 2. Mass transfer calculations
    J Samuel Arey
    Laboratory of Biochemistry and Computational Chemistry, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 41:5747-55. 2007
    ..Ultimately, this method should improve assessments of wildlife exposures to oil spill hydrocarbons...
  45. ncbi request reprint Disentangling oil weathering using GC x GC. 1. chromatogram analysis
    J Samuel Arey
    Laboratory of Biochemistry and Computational Chemistry, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Lausanne, Switzerland
    Environ Sci Technol 41:5738-46. 2007
    ..With this new approach, we can evaluate mass transfer models (the Part 2 companion to this paper) and more properly account for evaporation, dissolution, and degradation of oil in the environment...
  46. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of gas chromatographic isotope fractionation and process contamination by carbon in compound-specific radiocarbon analysis
    Zdenek Zencak
    Department of Applied Environmental Science ITM, Stockholm University, 10691 Stockholm, Sweden
    Anal Chem 79:2042-9. 2007
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Naturally produced halogenated dimethyl bipyrroles bind to the aryl hydrocarbon receptor and induce cytochrome P4501A and porphyrin accumulation in chicken embryo hepatocytes
    Sheryl A Tittlemier
    Centre for Analytical and Environmental Chemistry, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario K1S 5B6, Canada
    Environ Toxicol Chem 22:1622-31. 2003
    ..000017. The results of this work illustrate that HDBPs act as agonist ligands for the AhR in the same manner as many anthropogenic organohalogens...
  48. ncbi request reprint Humic substances and crude oil induce cytochrome P450 1A expression in the Amazonian fish species Colossoma macropomum (Tambaqui)
    Aline Y O Matsuo
    Laboratory of Ecophysiology and Molecular Evolution, National Institute for Research in the Amazon INPA, Av Andre Araujo, 2936, Aleixo, Manaus, Amazonas 69083 000, Brazil
    Environ Sci Technol 40:2851-8. 2006
    ..Our results suggest that there may be as yet unknown CYP1A inducing components (aryl hydrocarbon receptor agonists) in humic substances...