Brenda L Chapman
Affiliation: Western Michigan University
- An introduction to physical therapy modalitiesBrenda L Chapman
Sports Medicine Clinic, Western Michigan University, 1903 West Michigan Avenue, Kalamazoo, MI 49008 5445, USA
Adolesc Med State Art Rev 18:11-23, vii-viii. 2007..The commonly used modalities reviewed here include heat, cold, ultrasound, phonophoresis, iontophoresis, and electrical stimulation. In this article we provide a basic review of physical therapy modalities...