Robert J Sokol

Summary

Affiliation: Wayne State University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Extreme prematurity: an alcohol-related birth effect
    Robert J Sokol
    C S Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:1031-7. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
    Robert J Sokol
    C S Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Children s Research Center, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich 48201, USA
    JAMA 290:2996-9. 2003
  3. doi request reprint Prenatal and postnatal cocaine exposure predict teen cocaine use
    Virginia Delaney-Black
    The Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 33:110-9. 2011
  4. doi request reprint A metric of maternal prenatal risk drinking predicts neurobehavioral outcomes in preschool children
    Lisa M Chiodo
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:634-44. 2009
  5. pmc A 14-year retrospective maternal report of alcohol consumption in pregnancy predicts pregnancy and teen outcomes
    John H Hannigan
    Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Alcohol 44:583-94. 2010
  6. doi request reprint The impact of maternal age on the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on attention
    Lisa M Chiodo
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 34:1813-21. 2010
  7. pmc Validity of the T-ACE in pregnancy in predicting child outcome and risk drinking
    Lisa M Chiodo
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Alcohol 44:595-603. 2010
  8. pmc Just say "I don't": lack of concordance between teen report and biological measures of drug use
    Virginia Delaney-Black
    Carmen and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Children s Hospital of Michigan, 3901 Beaubien St, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Pediatrics 126:887-93. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Suboptimal second-trimester ultrasonographic visualization of the fetal heart in obese women: should we repeat the examination?
    Israel Hendler
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Hospital Wayne State University, 3990 John R, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Ultrasound Med 24:1205-9; quiz 1210-1. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Blood lead levels and specific attention effects in young children
    Lisa M Chiodo
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, University Health Center, Schoo Be Research Study, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 29:538-46. 2007

Detail Information

Publications58

  1. ncbi request reprint Extreme prematurity: an alcohol-related birth effect
    Robert J Sokol
    C S Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 31:1031-7. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between maternal alcohol, cocaine and cigarette use during pregnancy, and extreme and mild preterm birth...
  2. ncbi request reprint Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder
    Robert J Sokol
    C S Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Children s Research Center, and Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Mich 48201, USA
    JAMA 290:2996-9. 2003
  3. doi request reprint Prenatal and postnatal cocaine exposure predict teen cocaine use
    Virginia Delaney-Black
    The Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 33:110-9. 2011
    ..These data provide further evidence of the importance of prenatal exposure, family and community factors in the intergenerational transmission of teen/young adult substance abuse/use...
  4. doi request reprint A metric of maternal prenatal risk drinking predicts neurobehavioral outcomes in preschool children
    Lisa M Chiodo
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:634-44. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc A 14-year retrospective maternal report of alcohol consumption in pregnancy predicts pregnancy and teen outcomes
    John H Hannigan
    Merrill Palmer Skillman Institute, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Alcohol 44:583-94. 2010
    ....
  6. doi request reprint The impact of maternal age on the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on attention
    Lisa M Chiodo
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 34:1813-21. 2010
    ..Establishing maternal characteristics, such as maternal age, that increase the risk of FASD is critical for targeted pregnancy intervention...
  7. pmc Validity of the T-ACE in pregnancy in predicting child outcome and risk drinking
    Lisa M Chiodo
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Alcohol 44:595-603. 2010
    ..Efficient in-pregnancy screens for risk drinking afford greater opportunities for intervention that could prevent/limit FASDs...
  8. pmc Just say "I don't": lack of concordance between teen report and biological measures of drug use
    Virginia Delaney-Black
    Carmen and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University, Children s Hospital of Michigan, 3901 Beaubien St, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Pediatrics 126:887-93. 2010
    ..While data comparing teen self-report with biological measures are limited, adult studies identify varying degrees of under-reporting...
  9. ncbi request reprint Suboptimal second-trimester ultrasonographic visualization of the fetal heart in obese women: should we repeat the examination?
    Israel Hendler
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Hospital Wayne State University, 3990 John R, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    J Ultrasound Med 24:1205-9; quiz 1210-1. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether a repeated antenatal ultrasound examination improves fetal cardiac visualization for the obese and nonobese population...
  10. ncbi request reprint Blood lead levels and specific attention effects in young children
    Lisa M Chiodo
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, Wayne State University School of Medicine, University Health Center, Schoo Be Research Study, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 29:538-46. 2007
    ..In light of the consistency of these findings with those of several other groups, it is advisable to consider whether the threshold for an acceptable blood lead level should be reduced...
  11. doi request reprint Is maternal diabetes a risk factor for childhood obesity?
    Shobha H Mehta
    Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Women s Health, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 25:41-4. 2012
    ..Our objective is to determine if there is a relationship between diabetes during pregnancy and childhood obesity, in our inner-city, African-American population...
  12. ncbi request reprint Does advanced ultrasound equipment improve the adequacy of ultrasound visualization of fetal cardiac structures in the obese gravid woman?
    Israel Hendler
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Hospital Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1616-9; discussion 1619-20. 2004
    ..This study was undertaken to determine the effect of advanced ultrasound equipment on the ability to visualize fetal cardiac structures in obese gravid women...
  13. ncbi request reprint Prenatal cocaine: quantity of exposure and gender moderation
    Virginia Delaney-Black
    Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 25:254-63. 2004
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Accuracy of estimated fetal weight in shoulder dystocia and neonatal birth injury
    Shobha H Mehta
    Division of Material Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Hospital, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 192:1877-80; discussion 1880-1. 2005
    ..This study was undertaken to determine whether there is any difference in the rate of error of estimated fetal weight (EFW) in cases of shoulder dystocia compared with controls...
  15. ncbi request reprint Gender and alcohol moderate caregiver reported child behavior after prenatal cocaine
    Beena G Sood
    Carman and Ann Adams Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, United States
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 27:191-201. 2005
    ..This study evaluates the effects of prenatal cocaine exposure on child behavior in analyses stratified by gender and prenatal alcohol exposure status...
  16. ncbi request reprint Prolonged in utero meconium exposure impairs spatial learning in the adult rat. Central Prize Award
    Sean C Blackwell
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1551-5; discussion 1555-6. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of prolonged in utero meconium exposure on adult learning and memory, as measured by the Morris water maze...
  17. ncbi request reprint Sildenafil citrate and fetal outcome in pregnant rats
    Jerrie S Refuerzo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Fetal Diagn Ther 21:259-63. 2006
    ..To determine the effects of sildenafil citrate on fetal growth in maternal rats exposed to hypoxia...
  18. pmc Recognized spontaneous abortion in mid-pregnancy and patterns of pregnancy alcohol use
    Lisa M Chiodo
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Alcohol 46:261-7. 2012
    ..Identifying fetal risk drinking in pregnant women is critical to increasing the effectiveness of interventions that reduce risk level alcohol consumption and protect from pregnancy loss...
  19. ncbi request reprint Effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on attention and working memory at 7.5 years of age
    Matthew J Burden
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 2751 E Jefferson, Suite 460, Detroit, MI 48207, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:443-52. 2005
    ..This study was designed to investigate which specific aspects of attentional function are most directly affected by moderate to heavy doses of prenatal alcohol exposure...
  20. pmc Being too large for gestational age precedes childhood obesity in African Americans
    Shobha H Mehta
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 204:265.e1-5. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between large-for-gestational-age (LGA) infants and the development of childhood obesity in an inner-city primarily African American population...
  21. ncbi request reprint Protective effects of the alcohol dehydrogenase-ADH1B allele in children exposed to alcohol during pregnancy
    Sandra W Jacobson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48207, USA
    J Pediatr 148:30-7. 2006
    ..To examine alcohol use for mothers with and without an ADH1B*3 allele and the moderating effects of the maternal and child ADH1B*3 allele on a broad range of infant and 7.5-year outcomes...
  22. ncbi request reprint Is abnormal labor associated with shoulder dystocia in nulliparous women?
    Shobha H Mehta
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Hospital, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 190:1604-7; discussion 1607-9. 2004
    ..This study was undertaken to examine the relationship between labor abnormalities and shoulder dystocia in nulliparous women...
  23. doi request reprint Alcohol use in pregnancy: insights in screening and intervention for the clinician
    Theodore B Jones
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 56:114-23. 2013
    ..Ultimately, all prenatal care providers should routinely screen all patients for alcohol use using validated tools, and where appropriate, should offer intervention...
  24. ncbi request reprint Shoulder dystocia and the next delivery: outcomes and management
    Shobha H Mehta
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hutzel Women s Hospital, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 20:729-33. 2007
    ..To evaluate delivery mode management decisions and the rate of shoulder dystocia recurrence for women with a prior delivery complicated by shoulder dystocia...
  25. pmc Fatty acid ethyl esters in meconium: are they biomarkers of fetal alcohol exposure and effect?
    Enrique M Ostrea
    Department of Pediatrics, Hutzel Women s Hospital and the Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 30:1152-9. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to analyze long-chain fatty acid ethyl esters (FAEEs) in meconium as potential biomarkers of fetal alcohol exposure and effect...
  26. ncbi request reprint The association between caregiver substance abuse and self-reported violence exposure among young urban children
    Steven J Ondersma
    Department of Psychiatry, Wayne State University, 2761 E Jefferson Avenue, Detroit, MI 48207, USA
    J Trauma Stress 19:107-18. 2006
    ..These findings suggest that for early elementary-age children, meaningful prevention of violence exposure may be possible via addressing their exposure to substance abuse in their home and community...
  27. ncbi request reprint Maternal age, alcohol abuse history, and quality of parenting as moderators of the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on 7.5-year intellectual function
    Sandra W Jacobson
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 2751 E Jefferson, Room 460, Detroit, MI 48207, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 28:1732-45. 2004
    ..This study examined the role of maternal age, MAST, and quality of parenting in moderating the effects of prenatal alcohol exposure on the WISC-III IQ test in moderate-to-heavily exposed children...
  28. ncbi request reprint Increased cut-point of the TACER-3 screen reduces false positives without losing sensitivity in predicting risk alcohol drinking in pregnancy
    Lisa M Chiodo
    College of Nursing, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 38:1401-8. 2014
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Use of over-the-counter medications and herbal remedies in pregnancy
    Jerrie S Refuerzo
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Am J Perinatol 22:321-4. 2005
    ..5% of patients, with up to 13.6% consuming four or more medications. The use of prescribed and OTC, medications, and herbal/alternative therapy, is common in pregnancy, with many patients consuming more than one agent at a time...
  30. ncbi request reprint Validity of maternal report of prenatal alcohol, cocaine, and smoking in relation to neurobehavioral outcome
    Sandra W Jacobson
    Department of Psychiatry, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48207, USA
    Pediatrics 109:815-25. 2002
    ..This study is the first to compare the validity of antenatal and retrospective reports of pregnancy drinking, drug use, and smoking in relation to effects on infant neurobehavioral outcomes...
  31. pmc Lupus and pregnancy: complex yet manageable
    Josephine Patricia Dhar
    Harper University Hospital, MI 48201, USA
    Clin Med Res 4:310-21. 2006
    ..This article will briefly review the important issues in pregnancies complicated by lupus and provide a general guideline to physicians for monitoring and treatment...
  32. ncbi request reprint Candid candidate comments: the relationship between residency program selection factors and match list placements from ranked applicants
    Marilyn J Raymond
    Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:1842-7. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between residency program selection factors and placements we received on candidates' match lists...
  33. doi request reprint Alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, and marijuana use: relative contributions to preterm delivery and fetal growth restriction
    James J Janisse
    a Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, School of Medicine, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Subst Abus 35:60-7. 2014
    ..The study goal was to use causal modeling to evaluate the individual impact of alcohol, tobacco, cocaine, and marijuana on gestational duration and fetal growth...
  34. pmc A randomized phase I trial of a brief computer-delivered intervention for alcohol use during pregnancy
    Golfo K Tzilos
    Wayne State University, Department of Psychology, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 20:1517-24. 2011
    ..We, therefore, conducted preliminary acceptability and feasibility evaluation of a computer-delivered brief intervention for alcohol use during pregnancy...
  35. ncbi request reprint Cytokines reduce toxic effects of ethanol on oligodendroglia
    Joyce A Benjamins
    Department of Neurology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, 1228 Elliman Building, 421 E Canfield Ave, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Neurochem Res 36:1677-86. 2011
    ..We conclude that cytokines can act either directly on OL or indirectly through effects on astroglia or microglia to protect OL from ethanol toxicity...
  36. ncbi request reprint Societal factors in pregnancy: why worry? Foreword
    Robert J Sokol
    C S Mott Center for Human Growth and Development, Distinguished Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, WSU Hutzel Women s Hospital, Detroit, Michigan, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 51:329-32. 2008
  37. ncbi request reprint Cocaine use and preterm premature rupture of membranes: improvement in neonatal outcome
    Jerrie S Refuerzo
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 186:1150-4. 2002
    ..Our aim was to determine whether cocaine use increases neonatal morbidity in patients with preterm premature rupture of membranes...
  38. ncbi request reprint Timing of fetal nucleated red blood cell count elevation in response to acute hypoxia
    Sean C Blackwell
    Division of Maternal Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Biol Neonate 85:217-20. 2004
    ..0; p = 0.04) after exposure. There were no differences between groups 36, 48, and 60 h after exposure. In the near-term rat fetus, acute hypoxia was associated with a delayed but transient increase in peripheral nucleated RBC counts...
  39. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy outcomes before and after a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus
    J Patricia Dhar
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 193:1444-55. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate pregnancy outcomes before and after diagnosis of lupus...
  40. ncbi request reprint A three-stage alcohol clamp procedure in human subjects
    Marappa G Subramanian
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan 48201, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 26:1479-83. 2002
    ..To minimize the variability in BALs, an alcohol "clamping" method in which alcohol is administered intravenously has been previously reported. We have modified this method and developed a multistage alcohol clamp procedure in humans...
  41. ncbi request reprint Violence exposure, trauma, and IQ and/or reading deficits among urban children
    Virginia Delaney-Black
    Division of Neonatal Perinatal Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Children s Hospital of Michigan, 3901 Beaubien, Detroit, MI 48201 1498, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:280-5. 2002
    ..It is also not known whether violence exposure itself or subsequent symptoms of trauma are primarily responsible for negative outcomes...
  42. ncbi request reprint The effects of the inhibition of inducible nitric oxide synthase on angiogenesis of epithelial ovarian cancer
    John M Malone
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 194:1110-6; discussion 1116-8. 2006
    ..In this study we have sought to determine the effects of inhibiting inducible nitric oxide synthase on angiogenesis that was induced by 2 ovarian cancer cell lines, SKOV and MDAH2774...
  43. ncbi request reprint Alcohol consumption in pregnant, black women is associated with decreased plasma and erythrocyte docosahexaenoic acid
    Ken D Stark
    Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 29:130-40. 2005
    ..Chronic alcohol consumption can decrease amounts of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), a fatty acid that is essential for optimal infant neural and retinal development in a variety of tissues...
  44. ncbi request reprint Effects of alcohol intake during pregnancy on docosahexaenoic acid and arachidonic acid in umbilical cord vessels of black women
    Skadi Beblo
    Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, NIAAA, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, Maryland 20852, USA
    Pediatrics 115:e194-203. 2005
    ..We hypothesized that alcohol consumption adversely affects LC-PUFA levels in pregnant women and their newborn infants...
  45. ncbi request reprint Gender and alcohol moderate prenatal cocaine effects on teacher-report of child behavior
    Beth Nordstrom Bailey
    Department of Family Medicine, James H Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University, P O Box 70621, Johnson City, TN 37614, United States
    Neurotoxicol Teratol 27:181-9. 2005
    ..These findings are similar to what we have reported for independent parent-reported behavioral evaluation...
  46. doi request reprint Evaluation of logistic regression reporting in current obstetrics and gynecology literature
    Robert J Sokol
    Obstet Gynecol 111:1447; author reply 1447-8. 2008
  47. ncbi request reprint Somatic complaints in children and community violence exposure
    Beth Nordstrom Bailey
    Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee 37614, USA
    J Dev Behav Pediatr 26:341-8. 2005
    ..Results provide yet another possibility for clinicians to explore when treating these physical symptoms in children...
  48. ncbi request reprint Recognition and prevention of fetal alcohol syndrome
    R Louise Floyd
    National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Executive Park Drive, Bldg 12, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 106:1059-64. 2005
    ..Screening for and intervening with women at risk for an alcohol-exposed pregnancy can prevent FAS and other fetal alcohol spectrum disorders...
  49. doi request reprint Pregnancy and alcohol use: evidence and recommendations for prenatal care
    Beth A Bailey
    Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, Tennessee, USA
    Clin Obstet Gynecol 51:436-44. 2008
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint The role of maternal acceptance in the relation between community violence exposure and child functioning
    Beth Nordstrom Bailey
    Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, 37614, USA
    J Abnorm Child Psychol 34:57-70. 2006
    ..In this sample of urban first graders, low levels of maternal acceptance placed children at greater risk for adverse outcomes associated with community violence exposure compared to moderate and high levels of maternal acceptance...
  51. ncbi request reprint Maternal smoking is associated with decreased 5-methyltetrahydrofolate in cord plasma
    Ken D Stark
    Laboratory of Nutritional and Nutraceutical Research, Department of Kinesiology, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
    Am J Clin Nutr 85:796-802. 2007
    ..The effect of maternal smoking on fetal folate status has not been documented...
  52. ncbi request reprint Prenatal exposure to binge drinking and cognitive and behavioral outcomes at age 7 years
    Beth Nordstrom Bailey
    Department of Family Medicine, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City 37614, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 191:1037-43. 2004
    ..The goal of this study was to examine differential effects of amount and pattern of prenatal alcohol exposure on child outcome...
  53. ncbi request reprint ACOG practice bulletin: Shoulder dystocia. Number 40, November 2002. (Replaces practice pattern number 7, October 1997)
    Robert J Sokol
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 80:87-92. 2003
  54. ncbi request reprint Comparison of bloodstream fatty acid composition from African-American women at gestation, delivery, and postpartum
    Ken D Stark
    Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Rockville, MD, USA
    J Lipid Res 46:516-25. 2005
    ..The low dietary intake and blood levels of DHA in this population compared with others may not support optimal fetal DHA accretion and subsequent neural development...
  55. ncbi request reprint Status of plasma folate after folic acid fortification of the food supply in pregnant African American women and the influences of diet, smoking, and alcohol consumption
    Ken D Stark
    Laboratory of Membrane Biochemistry and Biophysics, Division of Intramural Clinical and Biological Research, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20852, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 81:669-77. 2005
    ..Data are limited on circulating folate concentrations in pregnant African American women after folic acid fortification of the food supply was implemented...
  56. pmc Trends in major modifiable risk factors for severe perineal trauma, 1996-2006
    Bela Kudish
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Washington Hospital Center, Washington DC 20010, USA
    Int J Gynaecol Obstet 102:165-70. 2008
    ..To examine what effect the major modifiable risk factors for severe perineal trauma have had on the rates of this trauma over time...
  57. ncbi request reprint Reanalysis of the data--science at its best and always informative
    Rahi Victory
    Fertil Steril 85:e13; author reply e14. 2006
  58. ncbi request reprint Reanalysis of the data--science at its best and always informative
    Rahi Victory
    Fertil Steril 86:774; author reply 774-5. 2006