E Trinkaus

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Early modern humans from the Pestera Muierii, Baia de Fier, Romania
    Andrei Soficaru
    Centrul de Cercetări Antropologice Fr J Rainer, Eroii Sanitari 8, PO Box 35 13, 76241 Bucharest, Romania
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:17196-201. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Shanidar 10: a Middle Paleolithic immature distal lower limb from Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan
    Libby W Cowgill
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 53:213-23. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Human Evolution: Neandertal gene speaks out
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Curr Biol 17:R917-9. 2007
  4. pmc Late Pleistocene adult mortality patterns and modern human establishment
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1267-71. 2011
  5. doi request reprint The postcranial dimensions of the La Chapelle-aux-saints 1 Neandertal
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 145:461-8. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Middle Paleolithic human remains from the Gruta da Oliveira (Torres Novas), Portugal
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 134:263-73. 2007
  7. ncbi request reprint Eyasi 1 and the suprainiac fossa
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 124:28-32. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint Early modern human cranial remains from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 45:245-53. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Later Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Almonda Karstic system, Torres Novas, Portugal
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 45:219-26. 2003
  10. pmc An early modern human from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:11231-6. 2003

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications39

  1. pmc Early modern humans from the Pestera Muierii, Baia de Fier, Romania
    Andrei Soficaru
    Centrul de Cercetări Antropologice Fr J Rainer, Eroii Sanitari 8, PO Box 35 13, 76241 Bucharest, Romania
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:17196-201. 2006
    ..The reproductive and scapulohumeral functional inferences emphasize the subtle natures of behavioral contrasts between Neandertals and these early modern Europeans...
  2. ncbi request reprint Shanidar 10: a Middle Paleolithic immature distal lower limb from Shanidar Cave, Iraqi Kurdistan
    Libby W Cowgill
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 53:213-23. 2007
    ..The cross-sectional geometry of the tibial midshaft reveals modest cortical thickening and a level of diaphyseal robusticity similar to those of recent human infants of a similar developmental age...
  3. ncbi request reprint Human Evolution: Neandertal gene speaks out
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Curr Biol 17:R917-9. 2007
    ..An analysis of Neandertal DNA indicates that they shared with living humans a form of the FOXP2 gene, the absence of which impairs speech and cognitive processing related to human language...
  4. pmc Late Pleistocene adult mortality patterns and modern human establishment
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 108:1267-71. 2011
    ..They indicate only subtle and paleontologically invisible changes in human paleodemographics with the establishment of modern humans; they provide no support for a life history advantage among early modern humans...
  5. doi request reprint The postcranial dimensions of the La Chapelle-aux-saints 1 Neandertal
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 145:461-8. 2011
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Middle Paleolithic human remains from the Gruta da Oliveira (Torres Novas), Portugal
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 134:263-73. 2007
    ..The preserved portions of the phalanx, humerus, and tibia align them morphologically with the Neandertals. In addition, the Oliveira 4 tibial diaphysis shows evidence of carnivore (probably canid) gnawing...
  7. ncbi request reprint Eyasi 1 and the suprainiac fossa
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 124:28-32. 2004
    ..These observations therefore indicate that these features are not limited to Neandertal lineage specimens, and should be assessed in terms of frequency distributions among later archaic humans...
  8. ncbi request reprint Early modern human cranial remains from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 45:245-53. 2003
  9. ncbi request reprint Later Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Almonda Karstic system, Torres Novas, Portugal
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 45:219-26. 2003
    ..Both teeth are morphologically similar to those of other Middle Pleistocene European humans and reinforce a pattern of dental hypertrophy among these archaic Homo...
  10. pmc An early modern human from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:11231-6. 2003
    ....
  11. pmc Neandertal faces were not long; modern human faces are short
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 100:8142-5. 2003
    ..Neandertal facial length is not derived. The shortness of recent human facial skeletons is the evolutionarily derived condition...
  12. ncbi request reprint Late Pleistocene human remains from Wezmeh Cave, western Iran
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:371-8. 2008
    ..Wezmeh Cave therefore provides additional Paleolithic human remains from the Zagros Mountains and further documents Late Pleistocene human association with otherwise carnivore-dominated cave assemblages...
  13. pmc Human patellar articular proportions: recent and Pleistocene patterns
    E Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Anat 196:473-83. 2000
    ..The contrasts may be related to different levels of patellar stability and/or musculoskeletal hypertrophy, but they appear unlikely to have affected primary knee function...
  14. pmc Locomotion and body proportions of the Saint-Césaire 1 Châtelperronian Neandertal
    E Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:5836-40. 1998
    ..Consequently, Saint-Césaire 1 appears as a morphological Neandertal with hyperarctic body proportions who nonetheless had shifted locomotor patterns to more closely resemble those of other Upper Paleolithic humans...
  15. ncbi request reprint Diaphyseal cross-sectional geometry of the Boxgrove 1 Middle Pleistocene human tibia
    E Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 37:1-25. 1999
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint The anomalous archaic Homo femur from Berg Aukas, Namibia: a biomechanical assessment
    E Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 110:379-91. 1999
    ....
  17. doi request reprint Brief communication: paleopathology of the Kiik-Koba 1 Neandertal
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 137:106-12. 2008
    ..Kiik-Koba 1 therefore adds to the high incidence of pathological lesions among the Neandertals and, if a diagnosis of DISH is correct, to a high frequency of this disorder among older Neandertals...
  18. ncbi request reprint Neandertal knees: power lifters in the Pleistocene?
    E Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 37:833-59. 1999
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Middle paleolithic human deciduous incisor from Khudji, Tajikistan
    E Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 38:575-83. 2000
    ..In these features it resembles a minority of specimens from the later Pleistocene...
  20. pmc Appendicular robusticity and the paleobiology of modern human emergence
    E Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63141, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 94:13367-73. 1997
    ..P. samples in habitual locomotor load levels, followed by a modest decrease through the Middle Upper Paleolithic...
  21. pmc European early modern humans and the fate of the Neandertals
    Erik Trinkaus
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 653130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:7367-72. 2007
    ..This interpretation is in agreement with current analyses of recent and past human molecular data...
  22. pmc An early modern human from Tianyuan Cave, Zhoukoudian, China
    Hong Shang
    Department of Paleoanthropology, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 142 Xi Zhi Men Wai Street, Beijing 100044, China
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:6573-8. 2007
    ..This morphological pattern implies that a simple spread of modern humans from Africa is unlikely...
  23. ncbi request reprint Cross-sectional geometry and morphology of the mandibular symphysis in Middle and Late Pleistocene Homo
    Seth D Dobson
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Hum Evol 43:67-87. 2002
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Late pleistocene human femoral diaphyseal curvature
    Laura L Shackelford
    Department of Anthropology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 118:359-70. 2002
    ....
  25. pmc Peştera cu Oase 2 and the cranial morphology of early modern Europeans
    Hélène Rougier
    Department of Anthropology, Campus Box 1114, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:1165-70. 2007
    ....
  26. ncbi request reprint Discrete trait and dental morphometric affinities of the Tabun 2 mandible
    V H Stefan
    Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131, USA
    J Hum Evol 34:443-68. 1998
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Neandertal capitate-metacarpal articular morphology
    W A Niewoehner
    Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque 87131, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 103:219-33. 1997
    ..However, the full behavioral implications of these contrasts remain unclear...
  28. pmc Direct radiocarbon dates for Vindija G(1) and Velika Pecína late Pleistocene hominid remains
    F H Smith
    Department of Anthropology, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL 60115, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 96:12281-6. 1999
    ....
  29. doi request reprint Brief communication: Bone remodeling rates in Pleistocene humans are not slower than the rates observed in modern populations: A reexamination of Abbott et al. (1996)
    Margaret Streeter
    Department of Anthropology, Boise State University, ID 83725, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 141:315-8. 2010
    ..The corrected remodeling rates for the Pleistocene group are similar to the values obtained in the more recent comparative sample...
  30. pmc Osteocalcin protein sequences of Neanderthals and modern primates
    Christina M Nielsen-Marsh
    Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:4409-13. 2005
    ....
  31. pmc Isotopic evidence for omnivory among European cave bears: Late Pleistocene Ursus spelaeus from the Peştera cu Oase, Romania
    Michael P Richards
    Department of Human Evolution, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Deutscher Platz 6, 04103 Leipzig, Germany
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 105:600-4. 2008
    ..These data therefore broaden the dietary profile of U. spelaeus and raise questions about the nature of the carnivore guild in Pleistocene Europe...
  32. ncbi request reprint An ectocranial lesion on the Middle Pleistocene human cranium from Hulu Cave, Nanjing, China
    Hong Shang
    Department of Paleoanthropology, Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, 142 Xi Zhi Men Wai St, Beijing 100044, China
    Am J Phys Anthropol 135:431-7. 2008
    ..Dietary deficiencies, infection, and neoplastic disorders do not fit the lesion characteristics. The Hulu 1 specimen therefore joins a growing sample of Pleistocene Homo remains with nonfatal and nontrivial disorders...
  33. ncbi request reprint Middle Pleistocene human remains from the Bau de l'Aubesier
    Serge Lebel
    Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l Atmosphère, Université de Québec à Montréal, Casse Postale 8888, Succursale Centre Ville, Montreal, Quebec H3C 3P8, Canada
    J Hum Evol 43:659-85. 2002
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Morphological affinities of the Sal'a 1 frontal bone
    Vladimír Sládek
    Ustav biologie obratlovců, Akademie ved CR, Květná 8, 603 65, Brno, Czech Republic
    J Hum Evol 43:787-815. 2002
    ..In the context of its probable oxygen isotope stage 5 age based on inferred biostratigraphic associations, it should not be employed directly for arguments relating to the emergence of modern humans in Central Europe...
  35. ncbi request reprint A Mid-Upper Palaeolithic human humerus from Eel Point, South Wales, UK
    Rick J Schulting
    School of Archaeology and Palaeoecology, Queen s University Belfast, Belfast BT7 1NN, UK
    J Hum Evol 48:493-505. 2005
    ..Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope measurements do not support certain use of marine foods but highlight the need for more research on contemporary faunal remains in order to better interpret human values from this period...
  36. pmc A late Neandertal femur from Les Rochers-de-Villeneuve, France
    Cédric Beauval
    Institut de Préhistoire et de Géologie du Quaternaire and Laboratoire d Anthropologie des Populations du Passé, Unite Mixte de Recherche, Universite de Bordeaux, Talence, France
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 102:7085-90. 2005
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Direct dating of Early Upper Palaeolithic human remains from Mladec
    Eva M Wild
    VERA Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator Laboratory, Institut für Isotopenforschung und Kernphysik der Universität Wien, Wahringerstrasse 17, Austria
    Nature 435:332-5. 2005
    ....
  38. pmc Revised direct radiocarbon dating of the Vindija G1 Upper Paleolithic Neandertals
    Tom Higham
    Oxford Radiocarbon Accelerator Unit, University of Oxford, 6 Keble Road, Oxford OX1 3QJ, United Kingdom
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:553-7. 2006
    ....
  39. ncbi request reprint Who's afraid of the big bad Wolff?: "Wolff's law" and bone functional adaptation
    Christopher Ruff
    Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
    Am J Phys Anthropol 129:484-98. 2006
    ..Thus, when employed with appropriate caution, these features may be used to reconstruct mechanical loadings and behavioral differences within and between past populations...