Mario Schootman

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc The health and welfare of rural and urban cancer survivors in Missouri
    Mario Schootman
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, 4444 Forest Park Ave, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 10:E152. 2013
  2. ncbi request reprint Alcohol outlet availability and excessive alcohol consumption in breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Prim Care Community Health 4:50-8. 2013
  3. pmc The role of poverty rate and racial distribution in the geographic clustering of breast cancer survival among older women: a geographic and multilevel analysis
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:554-61. 2009
  4. pmc Racial disparities in the development of breast cancer metastases among older women: a multilevel study
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Cancer 115:731-40. 2009
  5. pmc An evaluation of lower-body functional limitations among long-term survivors of 11 different types of cancers
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer 115:5329-38. 2009
  6. pmc Neighborhood foreclosures and self-rated health among breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Qual Life Res 21:133-41. 2012
  7. pmc Adverse housing and neighborhood conditions and inflammatory markers among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 87:199-210. 2010
  8. pmc Temporal trends in area socioeconomic disparities in breast-cancer incidence and mortality, 1988-2005
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 122:533-43. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint The effect of adverse housing and neighborhood conditions on the development of diabetes mellitus among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:379-87. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Disparities in deep brain stimulation surgery among insured elders with Parkinson disease
    Allison W Willis
    From the Departments of Neurology and Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics A W W, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia Department of Neurology X Y W, J S P, N K, B A R, and Departments of Radiology and Neurobiology and Programs in Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy J S P, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis and Departments of Epidemiology and Health Services Research and Medicine M S, St Louis University, MO
    Neurology 82:163-71. 2014

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications94

  1. pmc The health and welfare of rural and urban cancer survivors in Missouri
    Mario Schootman
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, 4444 Forest Park Ave, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 10:E152. 2013
    ..8 million cancer survivors reside in rural areas in the United States. We compared the risk behaviors, psychosocial factors, health outcomes, quality of life, and follow-up care of rural and urban cancer survivors in Missouri...
  2. ncbi request reprint Alcohol outlet availability and excessive alcohol consumption in breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Prim Care Community Health 4:50-8. 2013
    ..The authors hypothesized that proximity to alcohol outlets increases the likelihood of excessive consumption (ie, more than 1 drink/day) among breast cancer survivors independent of their personal or neighborhood characteristics...
  3. pmc The role of poverty rate and racial distribution in the geographic clustering of breast cancer survival among older women: a geographic and multilevel analysis
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:554-61. 2009
    ..Interventions to reduce late-stage breast cancer, focusing on areas of high poverty and targeting African Americans, may reduce disparities in breast cancer survival in the Detroit and Atlanta areas...
  4. pmc Racial disparities in the development of breast cancer metastases among older women: a multilevel study
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Cancer 115:731-40. 2009
    ..They also examined the extent to which 6 pathways explained racial disparities in the development of metastases...
  5. pmc An evaluation of lower-body functional limitations among long-term survivors of 11 different types of cancers
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer 115:5329-38. 2009
    ....
  6. pmc Neighborhood foreclosures and self-rated health among breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Qual Life Res 21:133-41. 2012
    ..We determined the association of neighborhood foreclosure risk on the health status of a statewide sample of breast cancer survivors (n = 1047) and the extent to which covariates accounted for observed associations...
  7. pmc Adverse housing and neighborhood conditions and inflammatory markers among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 87:199-210. 2010
    ..05, Bonferroni-adjusted p > 0.0034). Inflammation does not appear to be a mediator of the association between poor housing/neighborhood conditions and adverse health outcomes in middle-aged African Americans...
  8. pmc Temporal trends in area socioeconomic disparities in breast-cancer incidence and mortality, 1988-2005
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 122:533-43. 2010
    ..Efforts to target counties aimed at increasing breast-cancer screening based on their level of deprivation will not likely be beneficial...
  9. ncbi request reprint The effect of adverse housing and neighborhood conditions on the development of diabetes mellitus among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:379-87. 2007
    ..Poor housing conditions appear to be an independent contributor to the risk of incident diabetes in urban, middle-aged African Americans...
  10. ncbi request reprint Disparities in deep brain stimulation surgery among insured elders with Parkinson disease
    Allison W Willis
    From the Departments of Neurology and Epidemiology and Biostatistics and the Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics A W W, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia Department of Neurology X Y W, J S P, N K, B A R, and Departments of Radiology and Neurobiology and Programs in Physical Therapy and Occupational Therapy J S P, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis and Departments of Epidemiology and Health Services Research and Medicine M S, St Louis University, MO
    Neurology 82:163-71. 2014
    ..DBS is a proven surgical therapy for Parkinson disease (PD), but is recommended only for patients with excellent health, results in significant out-of-pocket costs, and requires substantial physician involvement...
  11. pmc Number of sexual partners and associations with initiation and intensity of substance use
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:869-74. 2011
    ..Severity of substance use is more closely related to, and thus a better indicator of, higher number of sexual partners than age of substance use onset...
  12. pmc A longitudinal study of factors associated with perceived risk of recurrence in women with ductal carcinoma in situ and early-stage invasive breast cancer
    Ying Liu
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 124:835-44. 2010
    ..Educating early-stage breast cancer patients about their actual risk could result in more realistic recurrence-risk perceptions, and increasing social support could help alleviate anxiety associated with exaggerated risk perceptions...
  13. ncbi request reprint Surveillance mammography and the risk of death among elderly breast cancer patients
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 111:489-96. 2008
    ..To examine the benefits of mammography for elderly breast cancer survivors in community settings...
  14. ncbi request reprint Perceived social support change in patients with early stage breast cancer and controls
    Tess Thompson
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Health Psychol 32:886-95. 2013
    ..Variables associated with levels of, and change in, social support were identified in a cohort of early stage breast cancer patients and age-matched controls...
  15. pmc Effect of street connectivity on incidence of lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:568-74. 2012
    ..We hypothesize that lower street connectivity increases the risk of incident lower-body functional limitations (LBFLs) among urban African Americans aged 49-65 years...
  16. pmc Estimated effects of potential interventions to prevent decreases in self-rated health among breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:79-86. 2012
    ..To estimate the effect of hypothetical changes in modifiable predictors on the incidence of fair-to-poor self-rated health (SRH) in breast cancer survivors...
  17. pmc Substance use and the risk for sexual intercourse with and without a history of teenage pregnancy among adolescent females
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, 660 South Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 72:194-8. 2011
    ..The present study examined the associations between initiation and intensity of substance use and with sexual experience with and without a history of teenage pregnancy...
  18. pmc Changes in sexual problems over time in women with and without early-stage breast cancer
    Maria Perez
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Menopause 17:924-37. 2010
    ..We aimed to evaluate whether age-matched women with and without early-stage breast cancer differentially experience sexual problems over time and whether changes in patients' problems differ by type of surgical procedure...
  19. pmc Neighbourhood environment and the incidence of depressive symptoms among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:527-32. 2007
    ....
  20. pmc Characteristics of sexually active teenage girls who would be pleased with becoming pregnant
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, 660 South Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Matern Child Health J 17:470-6. 2013
    ..Pregnancy prevention efforts can be improved by acknowledging the structural and cultural factors that shape teenage pregnancy attitudes...
  21. pmc Neighborhood conditions, diabetes, and risk of lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans: a cohort study
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:283. 2010
    ....
  22. pmc National estimates of racial disparities in health status and behavioral risk factors among long-term cancer survivors and non-cancer controls
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1387-95. 2010
    ....
  23. pmc Temporal trends in geographic disparities in small-area breast cancer incidence and mortality, 1988 to 2005
    Mario Schootman
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:1122-31. 2010
    ..A goal of Healthy People 2010 was to reduce health disparities. We determined the extent of reductions in geographic disparities in five breast cancer screening indicators...
  24. pmc Understanding adolescent parenthood from a multisystemic perspective
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Adolesc Health 46:525-31. 2010
    ..This study examined the associations between social, behavioral, and environmental factors and adolescent parenthood...
  25. pmc The association of sidewalk walkability and physical disorder with area-level race and poverty
    Cheryl M Kelly
    Transtria, 3525 Watson Road, St Louis, MO 63139, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:978-83. 2007
    ..Previous research suggests that walking is the most common form of physical activity; however, not all built environments support walking for recreational or transportation purposes...
  26. pmc Breast cancer screening and incidence in communities with a high proportion of uninsured
    Mario Schootman
    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University, 4444 Forest Park Road, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:379-386. 2007
    ..Research has not established (1) if breast cancer screening varies by county-level proportion of uninsured or (2) whether county-level-proportion of uninsured correlates with county-level early-stage and late-stage breast cancer incidence...
  27. pmc Brief report: Pregnant by age 15 years and substance use initiation among US adolescent girls
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, 660 South Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Adolesc 35:1393-7. 2012
    ..In the multivariable analysis, marijuana use by age 14 years and/or cigarette smoking by age 12 years clearly distinguished girls who became pregnant by age 15 years and is perhaps due to a common underlying risk factor...
  28. pmc Predictors of survival in patients with Parkinson disease
    Allison W Willis
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Neurol 69:601-7. 2012
    ..To determine the life expectancy of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) in the United States and identify demographic, geographic, and clinical factors that influence survival...
  29. pmc Reliability of perceived neighbourhood conditions and the effects of measurement error on self-rated health across urban and rural neighbourhoods
    Sandi L Pruitt
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Suite 6700, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 66:342-51. 2012
    ..We also assessed measurement error-corrected associations of these conditions with self-rated health...
  30. doi request reprint Urinary and fecal incontinence and quality of life in African Americans
    Theodore K Malmstrom
    Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1941-5. 2010
    ..To investigate associations between quality of life (QoL) and incontinence in a population-based African-American sample...
  31. pmc Worry about cancer progression and low perceived social support: implications for quality of life among early-stage breast cancer patients
    Erika A Waters
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Ann Behav Med 45:57-68. 2013
    ..Worry about cancer progression and perceived social support can affect cancer survivors' quality of life (QOL)...
  32. pmc Associations between selected state laws and teenagers' drinking and driving behaviors
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 36:1647-52. 2012
    ....
  33. pmc Comparing GIS-based measures in access to mammography and their validity in predicting neighborhood risk of late-stage breast cancer
    Min Lian
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e43000. 2012
    ..Studies using different Geographic Information Systems (GIS)-based measures reported inconsistent findings...
  34. doi request reprint A Bayesian hierarchical model of nontraumatic lower-extremity amputation rates
    Xiaoyi Min
    University of Missouri Columbia, Columbia, MO, USA
    Spat Spatiotemporal Epidemiol 1:169-76. 2010
    ..The Bayesian estimates are also shown to be quite robust in terms of choices of hyper-parameters...
  35. pmc Influence of primary care physician availability and socioeconomic deprivation on breast cancer from 1988 to 2008: a spatio-temporal analysis
    Lung Chang Chien
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 7:e35737. 2012
    ..It is unclear how county-level primary care physician (PCP) availability and socioeconomic deprivation affect the spatial and temporal variation of breast cancer incidence and mortality...
  36. pmc Effects of breast cancer surgery and surgical side effects on body image over time
    Karen Kadela Collins
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 126:167-76. 2011
    ..011). The impact of surgery type on body image within the first year of definitive surgical treatment was explained by surgical side-effects severity. After 2 years, body image problems did not differ significantly by surgery type...
  37. pmc Area-level poverty is associated with greater risk of ambulatory-care-sensitive hospitalizations in older breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Bhavioral Research, Barnes Jewish Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:2180-7. 2008
    ..To estimate the frequency of ambulatory care-sensitive hospitalizations (ACSHs) and to compare the risk of ACSH in breast cancer survivors living in high-poverty with that of those in low-poverty areas...
  38. pmc The St. Louis African American health-heart study: methodology for the study of cardiovascular disease and depression in young-old African Americans
    Robin R Bruchas
    Cardiovascular Imaging and Clinical Research Core Laboratory, Cardiovascular Division, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8086, St, Louis, MO 63110, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 13:66. 2013
    ....
  39. pmc The modifying effect of patient location on stage-specific survival following colorectal cancer using geosurvival models
    Lung Chang Chien
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Suite 6700, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 24:473-84. 2013
    ..More research is needed to understand the moderating pathways between geographic and individual-level factors on CRC survival...
  40. pmc Geographic variation and effect of area-level poverty rate on colorectal cancer screening
    Min Lian
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, St, Louis, Missouri, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:358. 2008
    ..It is unclear if CRC screening varies geographically, if area-level poverty rate affects CRC screening, and if individual-level characteristics mediate the area-level effects on CRC screening...
  41. pmc Income disparity and risk of death: the importance of health behaviors and other mediating factors
    Soghra Jarvandi
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    PLoS ONE 7:e49929. 2012
    ....
  42. pmc Neurologist-associated reduction in PD-related hospitalizations and health care expenditures
    Allison W Willis
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Neurology 79:1774-80. 2012
    ..Factors contributing to this improved survival remain unknown, but may be due in part to optimal disease treatment or avoidance of disease-related complications...
  43. pmc Correlates of fear of cancer recurrence in women with ductal carcinoma in situ and early invasive breast cancer
    Ying Liu
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, 63110, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 130:165-73. 2011
    ..Management of anxiety, provision of social support, and patient education may help reduce FCR among DCIS and EIBC survivors, especially among younger survivors...
  44. pmc Associations between sexuality education in schools and adolescent birthrates: a state-level longitudinal model
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 166:134-40. 2012
    ..To examine the impact of sexuality education practices on adolescent birthrates while controlling for demographic characteristics and religious/political factors at a state level...
  45. ncbi request reprint Disparities related to socioeconomic status and access to medical care remain in the United States among women who never had a mammogram
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 14:419-25. 2003
    ....
  46. pmc Age of sexual debut among US adolescents
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Contraception 80:158-62. 2009
    ..This study examined gender and racial/ethnic differences in sexual debut...
  47. pmc Geographic variation in colorectal cancer survival and the role of small-area socioeconomic deprivation: a multilevel survival analysis of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study Cohort
    Min Lian
    Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 174:828-38. 2011
    ..In future studies, investigators should evaluate other neighborhood characteristics to help explain geographic heterogeneity in CRC survival. Such research could facilitate interventions for reducing geographic disparity in CRC survival...
  48. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood conditions and risk of incident lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:450-8. 2006
    ..01 (fair/poor noise level). Sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the findings. Poor neighborhood conditions appear to be an independent contributor to the risk of incident LBFLs in middle-aged African Americans...
  49. pmc Type of contraception method used at last intercourse and associations with health risk behaviors among US adolescents
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Contraception 82:549-55. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to examine associations with contraception methods used at last sexual intercourse among US adolescents...
  50. pmc Associations between multiple pregnancies and health risk behaviors among U.S. adolescents
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Adolesc Health 47:600-3. 2010
    ..This study examined the associations between health risk behaviors (i.e., substance use behaviors, physical violence, or carried a weapon) and multiple adolescent pregnancies (i.e., experiencing or causing more than one pregnancy)...
  51. pmc Racial and geographic differences in mammography screening in St. Louis City: a multilevel study
    Min Lian
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 85:677-92. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that there may be a greater need for increasing mammography use among white women, especially in the historic cluster area of late-stage breast cancer in St. Louis...
  52. pmc Influence of lifestyle factors on inflammation in men and women with type 2 diabetes: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2004
    Soghra Jarvandi
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Behav Med 44:399-407. 2012
    ..Type 2 diabetes is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation, increasing the risk for various adverse health outcomes...
  53. ncbi request reprint Small-area incidence trends in breast cancer
    Mario Schootman
    Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, and The Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, Barnes Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Epidemiology 15:300-7. 2004
    ..Examining the variability among small areas in the incidence over time will facilitate appropriate geographic allocation of resources aimed at increasing screening...
  54. pmc The association between chronic disease burden and quality of life among breast cancer survivors in Missouri
    Anjali D Deshpande
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Suite 6700, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 129:877-86. 2011
    ..These differences were not fully explained by relevant covariates. Identifying modifiable targets for intervention will be critical for improving QOL outcomes among survivors who have other chronic health conditions...
  55. pmc Area-level poverty and preterm birth risk: a population-based multilevel analysis
    Emily A DeFranco
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St, Louis, Missouri, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:316. 2008
    ..To accomplish this, we used a multilevel logistic regression approach to account for multiple co-existent individual-level variables and county-level poverty rate...
  56. pmc Accuracy of ultrasonography and mammography in predicting pathologic response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer
    Jason D Keune
    Department of Surgery, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Surg 199:477-84. 2010
    ..Neoadjuvant chemotherapy reduces tumor size before surgery in women with breast cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of mammography and ultrasound to predict residual tumor size following neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
  57. ncbi request reprint The full potential of breast cancer screening use to reduce mortality has not yet been realized in the United States
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 85:219-22. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in the incidence of early-stage and late-stage breast cancers has occurred in the United States to suggest that a reduction in breast cancer mortality is the result of screening...
  58. ncbi request reprint Geographic clustering of adequate diagnostic follow-up after abnormal screening results for breast cancer among low-income women in Missouri
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:704-12. 2007
    ....
  59. ncbi request reprint Translating research into practice: using concept mapping to determine locally relevant intervention strategies to increase physical activity
    Cheryl M Kelly
    Transtria, LLC, 3525 Watson Rd, Ste R, St Louis, MO 63139, USA
    Eval Program Plann 30:282-93. 2007
    ..To translate intervention strategies to increase physical activity interventions recommended by the Community Guide for higher and lower income African-American adults living in an urban, Midwestern community...
  60. pmc Temporal trends in geographic disparities in small-area-level colorectal cancer incidence and mortality in the United States
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 22:1173-81. 2011
    ....
  61. pmc Asthma prevalence in low-income urban elementary school students in St. Louis, 1992 and 2004
    Kyle A Nelson
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr 154:111-5. 2009
    ..We reexamined asthma prevalence in urban public elementary school children after 12 years, during which time poverty had worsened...
  62. doi request reprint Oxycodone versus codeine for triage pain in children with suspected forearm fracture: a randomized controlled trial
    Rachel L Charney
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 24:595-600. 2008
    ..To compare the efficacy of pain reduction of triage oxycodone (O) versus codeine (C) to children with suspected forearm fractures...
  63. doi request reprint Revision surgery after primary spine fusion for idiopathic scoliosis
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:2191-7. 2009
    ..Retrospective case series...
  64. pmc Concordance of commercial data sources for neighborhood-effects studies
    Christine M Hoehner
    Department of Surgery and The Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 87:713-25. 2010
    ..6%), employee size (weighted kappa = 0.63), and sales volume (weighted kappa = 0.04). Researchers should cautiously interpret findings when using these commercial databases to yield measures of the neighborhood environment...
  65. pmc Accuracy of perceived risk of recurrence among patients with early-stage breast cancer
    Ying Liu
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:675-80. 2010
    ..Although a few studies have examined early-stage breast cancer survivors' perceived risk of recurrence, none have assessed the accuracy of survivors' perceived risk of recurrence...
  66. pmc Geographic disparity, area poverty, and human papillomavirus vaccination
    Sandi L Pruitt
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:525-33. 2010
    ..Since that time, limited research has examined HPV vaccine uptake among adolescent girls and no studies have examined the role of geographic disparities in HPV vaccination...
  67. ncbi request reprint Rural-urban differences in ductal carcinoma in situ as a proxy for mammography use over time
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Parkway, Box 8504, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Rural Health 19:470-6. 2003
    ..It is unclear if rural and urban women have experienced similar increases...
  68. ncbi request reprint Do recreational resources contribute to physical activity?
    Elizabeth A Baker
    School of Public Health, St Louis University, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:252-61. 2008
    ..Previous research suggests that access to recreational resources might influence physical activity. Little research, however, has looked at both access to and the characteristics of recreational resources and physical activity...
  69. pmc The role of race and poverty in access to foods that enable individuals to adhere to dietary guidelines
    Elizabeth A Baker
    Saint Louis University School of Public Health, Salus Center, 3545 Lafayette Ave, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 3:A76. 2006
    ..The question guiding the current study was whether all communities have equal access to foods that enable individuals to make healthy dietary choices...
  70. pmc The Garden of Eden: acknowledging the impact of race and class in efforts to decrease obesity rates
    Elizabeth A Baker
    Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1170-4. 2006
    ..The market is run with an eye toward sustainability, with partners from academia, a local faith-based community organization, businesses, and community members collaborating to make all program decisions...
  71. pmc Effect of area poverty rate on cancer screening across US communities
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:202-7. 2006
    ....
  72. pmc Metal emissions and urban incident Parkinson disease: a community health study of Medicare beneficiaries by using geographic information systems
    Allison W Willis
    Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Washington University, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8111, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1357-63. 2010
    ..1, 95% CI: 0.94, 1.31). Urban Parkinson disease incidence is greater in counties with high reported industrial release of copper or manganese. Environmental exposure to metals may be a risk factor for Parkinson disease in urban areas...
  73. ncbi request reprint Prognosis of metachronous contralateral breast cancer according to stage at diagnosis: the importance of early detection
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 99:91-5. 2006
    ..Unmeasured confounding was unlikely to explain the observed results in sensitivity analysis. For women with stage 0-III FPBC, diagnosis of stage 0-I MCBC is associated with an 81% reduction in risk of breast cancer death...
  74. ncbi request reprint Self-report by elderly breast cancer patients was an acceptable alternative to surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) abstract data
    Mario Schootman
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:1316-9. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare breast cancer patients' self-report and surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) abstract data regarding type of treatment received (radiation, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapies)...
  75. ncbi request reprint The effects of radiotherapy for the treatment of contralateral breast cancer
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Blvd, Box 8504, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 103:77-83. 2007
    ..Unlike the small survival benefit of radiotherapy after first primary breast cancer, omission of radiotherapy after metachronous contralateral breast cancer significantly increased the risk of cause-specific and all-cause mortality...
  76. ncbi request reprint Positional accuracy and geographic bias of four methods of geocoding in epidemiologic research
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:464-70. 2007
    ..We compared "point-in-polygon" (ArcGIS, commercial firm, and aerial photography) and the "look-up table" method (SAS/GIS) to allocate addresses to census geography, particularly as it relates to census-based poverty rates...
  77. doi request reprint Validity and reliability of intraoperative monitoring in pediatric spinal deformity surgery: a 23-year experience of 3436 surgical cases
    Earl D Thuet
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:1880-6. 2010
    ..This was a 23-year retrospective study of 3436 consecutive pediatric orthopedic spinal surgery patients between 1995 and 2008...
  78. ncbi request reprint Using county-level public health data to prioritize medical education topics
    Walton Sumner
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 28:197-204. 2008
    ..Medical education topics might be locally prioritized using public health data on health outcomes and risk factors unrelated to quality of care...
  79. pmc Financial analysis of circumferential fusion versus posterior-only with thoracic pedicle screw constructs for main thoracic idiopathic curves between 70 degrees and 100 degrees
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriner s Hospital for Children, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8233, St Louis, MO, 63110, USA
    J Child Orthop 2:105-12. 2008
    ....
  80. doi request reprint Multiple sclerosis prevalence and possible lead exposure
    George Turabelidze
    Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Jefferson City, MO, USA
    J Neurol Sci 269:158-62. 2008
    ..The MS cases did not appear to cluster around the lead smelter...
  81. pmc Risky sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted diseases: a comparison study of cocaine-dependent individuals in treatment versus a community-matched sample
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St Louis, 660 South Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:727-34. 2009
    ..It is important for clinicians to recognize that once released from treatment, cocaine-dependent individuals may be returning to high-risk environments where sexual risk behaviors are occurring in the context of cocaine use...
  82. pmc Epidemiology of diabetes and diabetes-related complications
    Anjali D Deshpande
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Phys Ther 88:1254-64. 2008
    ..In 2050, the number of people in the United States with diagnosed diabetes is estimated to grow to 48.3 million...
  83. ncbi request reprint Identifying factors associated with disability-related differences in breast cancer screening (United States)
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Parkway, Box 8504, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 14:97-107. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify factors that could explain breast cancer underutilization among women age 40 and older with disabilities...
  84. ncbi request reprint Complications and outcomes of open pediatric forearm fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 24:1-6. 2004
    ..Early, thorough surgical débridement produces a low frequency of deep infections, and bony stabilization can be a safe technique, permitting more anatomic alignment and preventing the need for reoperation due to malalignment...
  85. ncbi request reprint National estimates of hospitalization charges for the acute care of traumatic brain injuries
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Psychiatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Brain Inj 17:983-90. 2003
    ..To estimate hospitalization charges for the acute care of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs)in the US and to identify factors associated with increased charges...
  86. ncbi request reprint Differentiation between septic arthritis and transient synovitis of the hip in children with clinical prediction algorithms
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:956-62. 2004
    ..0 x 10(9)/L). The purpose of this study was to apply this clinical algorithm retrospectively to determine its predictive value in our patient population...
  87. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee in children and adolescents. Its role in clinical decision-making
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, One Children s Place, Suite 4S20, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:497-502. 2005
    ....
  88. ncbi request reprint A randomized comparison of nitrous oxide plus hematoma block versus ketamine plus midazolam for emergency department forearm fracture reduction in children
    Jan D Luhmann
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, One Children s Place, Suite 4S50, Campus Box 8116, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1078-86. 2006
    ..We compared the efficacy and adverse effects of ketamine/midazolam to those of nitrous oxide/hematoma block for analgesia and anxiolysis during forearm fracture reduction in children...
  89. ncbi request reprint Use of femoral nerve blocks in adolescents undergoing patellar realignment surgery
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 37:39-43. 2008
    ..v. morphine use was statistically significantly different among the 3 groups: 9.0 mg for FNB, 26.43 mg for PRN-IV, and 64.7 mg for PCA. FNB use was effective in significantly decreasing postoperative i.v. narcotic use...
  90. doi request reprint Mortality associated with bloodstream infection after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Margaret A Olsen
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110 1093, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1537-46. 2008
    ..Mortality attributable to bloodstream infection (BSI) is still controversial. We studied the impact of BSI on mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery, including the specific impact of different etiologic organisms...
  91. ncbi request reprint Cytomegalovirus viremia associated with death or retransplantation in pediatric lung-transplant recipients
    Lara A Danziger-Isakov
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Children s Hospital, MO 63110, USA
    Transplantation 75:1538-43. 2003
    ....
  92. ncbi request reprint Complications of titanium elastic nails for pediatric femoral shaft fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 23:443-7. 2003
    ..Technical pitfalls exist with this implant and can be minimized by leaving less than 2.5 cm of nail out of the femur and by using the largest nail sizes possible...
  93. ncbi request reprint Geographic variation of pediatric burn injuries in a metropolitan area
    Kristine G Williams
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:743-52. 2003
    ..To use a geographic information system (GIS) and spatial statistics to describe the geographic variation of burn injuries in children 0-14 years of age in a major metropolitan area...
  94. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the utility and accuracy of a reverse telephone directory to identify the location of survey respondents
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:160-6. 2005
    ..To investigate the utility and positional accuracy of a reverse telephone directory to enhance geocoding using self-reported street addresses...

Research Grants12

  1. Geographic Variation of Breast Cancer Survival
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..The findings of the proposed study will identify geographic disparities in survival and factors responsible, which can be used to develop and implement future interventions to reduce these disparities. ..
  2. Geographic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Survival
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..To reduce geographic disparities in survival following colorectal cancer and to develop and implement interventions that can be targeted locally, it is imperative to identify reasons for lower-than-expected survival. ..
  3. Geographic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Survival
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..To reduce geographic disparities in survival following colorectal cancer and to develop and implement interventions that can be targeted locally, it is imperative to identify reasons for lower-than-expected survival. ..
  4. Neighborhood effects on Quality of Life in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..g., individual and neighborhoods simultaneously) using a multi-pronged approach to improve QoL, as recently recommended by the Institute of Medicine. ..
  5. Spatial, Temporal, Social Disparities in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ....
  6. Neighborhood effects on Quality of Life in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..g., individual and neighborhoods simultaneously) using a multi-pronged approach to improve QoL, as recently recommended by the Institute of Medicine. ..
  7. Geographic Variation of Breast Cancer Survival
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..The findings of the proposed study will identify geographic disparities in survival and factors responsible, which can be used to develop and implement future interventions to reduce these disparities. ..
  8. Neighborhood effects on Quality of Life in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..g., individual and neighborhoods simultaneously) using a multi-pronged approach to improve QoL, as recently recommended by the Institute of Medicine. ..
  9. Geographic Variation of Breast Cancer Survival
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The findings of the proposed study will identify geographic disparities in survival and factors responsible, which can be used to develop and implement future interventions to reduce these disparities. ..
  10. Spatial, Temporal, Social Disparities in Breast Cancer
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ....