M Schootman

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort
    Fredric D Wolinsky
    Department of Health Management and Policy, College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:827. 2012
  2. pmc Effect of street connectivity on incidence of lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:568-74. 2012
  3. pmc Estimated effects of potential interventions to prevent decreases in self-rated health among breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:79-86. 2012
  4. pmc Neighborhood conditions, diabetes, and risk of lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans: a cohort study
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:283. 2010
  5. ncbi request reprint Self-report by elderly breast cancer patients was an acceptable alternative to surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) abstract data
    Mario Schootman
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:1316-9. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood conditions and risk of incident lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:450-8. 2006
  7. pmc Effect of area poverty rate on cancer screening across US communities
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:202-7. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Prognosis of metachronous contralateral breast cancer according to stage at diagnosis: the importance of early detection
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 99:91-5. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint The effects of radiotherapy for the treatment of contralateral breast cancer
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Blvd, Box 8504, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 103:77-83. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Positional accuracy and geographic bias of four methods of geocoding in epidemiologic research
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:464-70. 2007

Research Grants

  1. Gis, multilevel modeling and breast cancer screening
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002
  2. Radiation Therapy in Older Breast Cancer Patients
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002
  3. GIS and Breast Cancer Screening in Saint Louis
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2004
  4. Multilevel Model of Breast Cancer Follow-up Care
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
  5. PREDICTORS OF RELAPSE TO SMOKING IN LUNG CANCER
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
  6. Geography of Amputations Among African Americans
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications87

  1. pmc Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort
    Fredric D Wolinsky
    Department of Health Management and Policy, College of Public Health, The University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA, USA
    BMC Public Health 12:827. 2012
    ..We hypothesized that childhood school desegregation adversely affected the sense of control of in later life, and that this reduced sense of control accounts in part for reduced physical performance...
  2. pmc Effect of street connectivity on incidence of lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:568-74. 2012
    ..We hypothesize that lower street connectivity increases the risk of incident lower-body functional limitations (LBFLs) among urban African Americans aged 49-65 years...
  3. pmc Estimated effects of potential interventions to prevent decreases in self-rated health among breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 22:79-86. 2012
    ..To estimate the effect of hypothetical changes in modifiable predictors on the incidence of fair-to-poor self-rated health (SRH) in breast cancer survivors...
  4. pmc Neighborhood conditions, diabetes, and risk of lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans: a cohort study
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    BMC Public Health 10:283. 2010
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Self-report by elderly breast cancer patients was an acceptable alternative to surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) abstract data
    Mario Schootman
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 58:1316-9. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to compare breast cancer patients' self-report and surveillance, epidemiology, and end results (SEER) abstract data regarding type of treatment received (radiation, chemotherapy, and hormonal therapies)...
  6. ncbi request reprint Neighborhood conditions and risk of incident lower-body functional limitations among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 163:450-8. 2006
    ..01 (fair/poor noise level). Sensitivity analyses showed the robustness of the findings. Poor neighborhood conditions appear to be an independent contributor to the risk of incident LBFLs in middle-aged African Americans...
  7. pmc Effect of area poverty rate on cancer screening across US communities
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 60:202-7. 2006
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Prognosis of metachronous contralateral breast cancer according to stage at diagnosis: the importance of early detection
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 99:91-5. 2006
    ..Unmeasured confounding was unlikely to explain the observed results in sensitivity analysis. For women with stage 0-III FPBC, diagnosis of stage 0-I MCBC is associated with an 81% reduction in risk of breast cancer death...
  9. ncbi request reprint The effects of radiotherapy for the treatment of contralateral breast cancer
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Blvd, Box 8504, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 103:77-83. 2007
    ..Unlike the small survival benefit of radiotherapy after first primary breast cancer, omission of radiotherapy after metachronous contralateral breast cancer significantly increased the risk of cause-specific and all-cause mortality...
  10. ncbi request reprint Positional accuracy and geographic bias of four methods of geocoding in epidemiologic research
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:464-70. 2007
    ....
  11. pmc Neighbourhood environment and the incidence of depressive symptoms among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:527-32. 2007
    ....
  12. pmc National estimates of racial disparities in health status and behavioral risk factors among long-term cancer survivors and non-cancer controls
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 21:1387-95. 2010
    ....
  13. ncbi request reprint Geographic clustering of adequate diagnostic follow-up after abnormal screening results for breast cancer among low-income women in Missouri
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:704-12. 2007
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint The effect of adverse housing and neighborhood conditions on the development of diabetes mellitus among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:379-87. 2007
    ..Poor housing conditions appear to be an independent contributor to the risk of incident diabetes in urban, middle-aged African Americans...
  15. pmc Breast cancer screening and incidence in communities with a high proportion of uninsured
    Mario Schootman
    Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University, 4444 Forest Park Road, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Prev Med 33:379-386. 2007
    ..Research has not established (1) if breast cancer screening varies by county-level proportion of uninsured or (2) whether county-level-proportion of uninsured correlates with county-level early-stage and late-stage breast cancer incidence...
  16. pmc Area-level poverty is associated with greater risk of ambulatory-care-sensitive hospitalizations in older breast cancer survivors
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Bhavioral Research, Barnes Jewish Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:2180-7. 2008
    ..To estimate the frequency of ambulatory care-sensitive hospitalizations (ACSHs) and to compare the risk of ACSH in breast cancer survivors living in high-poverty with that of those in low-poverty areas...
  17. ncbi request reprint The full potential of breast cancer screening use to reduce mortality has not yet been realized in the United States
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 85:219-22. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether changes in the incidence of early-stage and late-stage breast cancers has occurred in the United States to suggest that a reduction in breast cancer mortality is the result of screening...
  18. ncbi request reprint Small-area incidence trends in breast cancer
    Mario Schootman
    Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, and The Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, Barnes Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Epidemiology 15:300-7. 2004
    ..Examining the variability among small areas in the incidence over time will facilitate appropriate geographic allocation of resources aimed at increasing screening...
  19. ncbi request reprint Ambulatory care for traumatic brain injuries in the US, 1995-1997
    M Schootman
    Iowa Department of Public Health, Des Moines, USA
    Brain Inj 14:373-81. 2000
    ..Further investigations are warranted to describe ambulatory care for TBI in more detail, particularly in light of a decline in hospitalization rates...
  20. ncbi request reprint Rural-urban differences in radiation therapy for ductal carcinoma in-situ of the breast
    M Schootman
    Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 68:117-25. 2001
    ..The objective of the study was to determine if, and to what extent, rural women were less likely to receive radiation therapy (XRT) following breast conserving surgery (BCS) for ductal carcinoma in-situ (DCIS)...
  21. ncbi request reprint Functional status following traumatic brain injuries: population-based rural-urban differences
    M Schootman
    Bureau of Injury and Disability Prevention, Des Moines, IA, USA
    Brain Inj 13:995-1004. 1999
    ..Perceived service needs of those functionally dependent are described. Further investigations into this rural-urban difference are warranted to maximize functional status following TBI for all individuals...
  22. ncbi request reprint Identifying factors associated with disability-related differences in breast cancer screening (United States)
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Parkway, Box 8504, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 14:97-107. 2003
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify factors that could explain breast cancer underutilization among women age 40 and older with disabilities...
  23. ncbi request reprint Evaluating the utility and accuracy of a reverse telephone directory to identify the location of survey respondents
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 15:160-6. 2005
    ..To investigate the utility and positional accuracy of a reverse telephone directory to enhance geocoding using self-reported street addresses...
  24. ncbi request reprint Disparities related to socioeconomic status and access to medical care remain in the United States among women who never had a mammogram
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 14:419-25. 2003
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint National estimates of hospitalization charges for the acute care of traumatic brain injuries
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Psychiatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Brain Inj 17:983-90. 2003
    ..To estimate hospitalization charges for the acute care of traumatic brain injuries (TBIs)in the US and to identify factors associated with increased charges...
  26. ncbi request reprint Rural-urban differences in ductal carcinoma in situ as a proxy for mammography use over time
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Departments of Pediatrics and Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 4444 Forest Park Parkway, Box 8504, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Rural Health 19:470-6. 2003
    ..It is unclear if rural and urban women have experienced similar increases...
  27. ncbi request reprint Early indicators of the effect of a breast cancer screening program for low-income women
    M Schootman
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Detect Prev 25:138-46. 2001
    ..In conclusion, a breast cancer screening program among low-income women can be implemented successfully, judged by early indicators of program effectiveness...
  28. pmc The association of sidewalk walkability and physical disorder with area-level race and poverty
    Cheryl M Kelly
    Transtria, 3525 Watson Road, St Louis, MO 63139, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 61:978-83. 2007
    ..Previous research suggests that walking is the most common form of physical activity; however, not all built environments support walking for recreational or transportation purposes...
  29. pmc The Garden of Eden: acknowledging the impact of race and class in efforts to decrease obesity rates
    Elizabeth A Baker
    Saint Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1170-4. 2006
    ..The market is run with an eye toward sustainability, with partners from academia, a local faith-based community organization, businesses, and community members collaborating to make all program decisions...
  30. pmc Asthma prevalence in low-income urban elementary school students in St. Louis, 1992 and 2004
    Kyle A Nelson
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr 154:111-5. 2009
    ..We reexamined asthma prevalence in urban public elementary school children after 12 years, during which time poverty had worsened...
  31. pmc Area-level poverty and preterm birth risk: a population-based multilevel analysis
    Emily A DeFranco
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University School of Medicine, St, Louis, Missouri, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:316. 2008
    ..To accomplish this, we used a multilevel logistic regression approach to account for multiple co-existent individual-level variables and county-level poverty rate...
  32. pmc Epidemiology and neuropsychiatric manifestations of Young Onset Parkinson's Disease in the United States
    A W Willis
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Parkinsonism Relat Disord 19:202-6. 2013
    ..To determine the demographic distribution of Young Onset Parkinson's Disease (YOPD) in the United States and to quantify the burden of neuropsychiatric disease manifestations...
  33. pmc Quality of life over time in women diagnosed with ductal carcinoma in situ, early-stage invasive breast cancer, and age-matched controls
    D B Jeffe
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, and Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, Barnes Jewish Hospital, 4444 Forest Park, Suite 6700, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 134:379-91. 2012
    ..0001) and general health (P=0.0017) than controls, possibly because of lingering treatment effects. DCIS patients' QOL was similar to that of controls two years after diagnosis, but some aspects of EIBC patients' QOL remained lower...
  34. pmc Number of sexual partners and associations with initiation and intensity of substance use
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    AIDS Behav 15:869-74. 2011
    ..Severity of substance use is more closely related to, and thus a better indicator of, higher number of sexual partners than age of substance use onset...
  35. pmc Temporal trends in area socioeconomic disparities in breast-cancer incidence and mortality, 1988-2005
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 122:533-43. 2010
    ..Efforts to target counties aimed at increasing breast-cancer screening based on their level of deprivation will not likely be beneficial...
  36. pmc The role of poverty rate and racial distribution in the geographic clustering of breast cancer survival among older women: a geographic and multilevel analysis
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 169:554-61. 2009
    ..Interventions to reduce late-stage breast cancer, focusing on areas of high poverty and targeting African Americans, may reduce disparities in breast cancer survival in the Detroit and Atlanta areas...
  37. doi request reprint Revision surgery after primary spine fusion for idiopathic scoliosis
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:2191-7. 2009
    ..Retrospective case series...
  38. pmc An evaluation of lower-body functional limitations among long-term survivors of 11 different types of cancers
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer 115:5329-38. 2009
    ....
  39. pmc Risky sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted diseases: a comparison study of cocaine-dependent individuals in treatment versus a community-matched sample
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St Louis, 660 South Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 23:727-34. 2009
    ..It is important for clinicians to recognize that once released from treatment, cocaine-dependent individuals may be returning to high-risk environments where sexual risk behaviors are occurring in the context of cocaine use...
  40. pmc Racial disparities in the development of breast cancer metastases among older women: a multilevel study
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Cancer 115:731-40. 2009
    ..They also examined the extent to which 6 pathways explained racial disparities in the development of metastases...
  41. pmc Financial analysis of circumferential fusion versus posterior-only with thoracic pedicle screw constructs for main thoracic idiopathic curves between 70 degrees and 100 degrees
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriner s Hospital for Children, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8233, St Louis, MO, 63110, USA
    J Child Orthop 2:105-12. 2008
    ....
  42. pmc Age of sexual debut among US adolescents
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Contraception 80:158-62. 2009
    ..This study examined gender and racial/ethnic differences in sexual debut...
  43. pmc Metal emissions and urban incident Parkinson disease: a community health study of Medicare beneficiaries by using geographic information systems
    Allison W Willis
    Department of Neurology, School of Medicine, Washington University, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8111, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 172:1357-63. 2010
    ..1, 95% CI: 0.94, 1.31). Urban Parkinson disease incidence is greater in counties with high reported industrial release of copper or manganese. Environmental exposure to metals may be a risk factor for Parkinson disease in urban areas...
  44. pmc Adverse housing and neighborhood conditions and inflammatory markers among middle-aged African Americans
    Mario Schootman
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Departments of Medicine and Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Washington University, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 87:199-210. 2010
    ..05, Bonferroni-adjusted p > 0.0034). Inflammation does not appear to be a mediator of the association between poor housing/neighborhood conditions and adverse health outcomes in middle-aged African Americans...
  45. pmc Associations between multiple pregnancies and health risk behaviors among U.S. adolescents
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Adolesc Health 47:600-3. 2010
    ..This study examined the associations between health risk behaviors (i.e., substance use behaviors, physical violence, or carried a weapon) and multiple adolescent pregnancies (i.e., experiencing or causing more than one pregnancy)...
  46. pmc Understanding adolescent parenthood from a multisystemic perspective
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Adolesc Health 46:525-31. 2010
    ..This study examined the associations between social, behavioral, and environmental factors and adolescent parenthood...
  47. pmc A longitudinal study of factors associated with perceived risk of recurrence in women with ductal carcinoma in situ and early-stage invasive breast cancer
    Ying Liu
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 124:835-44. 2010
    ..Educating early-stage breast cancer patients about their actual risk could result in more realistic recurrence-risk perceptions, and increasing social support could help alleviate anxiety associated with exaggerated risk perceptions...
  48. pmc Geographic disparity, area poverty, and human papillomavirus vaccination
    Sandi L Pruitt
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    Am J Prev Med 38:525-33. 2010
    ..Since that time, limited research has examined HPV vaccine uptake among adolescent girls and no studies have examined the role of geographic disparities in HPV vaccination...
  49. pmc Concordance of commercial data sources for neighborhood-effects studies
    Christine M Hoehner
    Department of Surgery and The Alvin J Siteman Cancer Center, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 87:713-25. 2010
    ..6%), employee size (weighted kappa = 0.63), and sales volume (weighted kappa = 0.04). Researchers should cautiously interpret findings when using these commercial databases to yield measures of the neighborhood environment...
  50. pmc Type of contraception method used at last intercourse and associations with health risk behaviors among US adolescents
    Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Contraception 82:549-55. 2010
    ..This study was conducted to examine associations with contraception methods used at last sexual intercourse among US adolescents...
  51. pmc Effects of breast cancer surgery and surgical side effects on body image over time
    Karen Kadela Collins
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 126:167-76. 2011
    ..011). The impact of surgery type on body image within the first year of definitive surgical treatment was explained by surgical side-effects severity. After 2 years, body image problems did not differ significantly by surgery type...
  52. doi request reprint Urinary and fecal incontinence and quality of life in African Americans
    Theodore K Malmstrom
    Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Saint Louis University, St Louis, Missouri 63104, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1941-5. 2010
    ..To investigate associations between quality of life (QoL) and incontinence in a population-based African-American sample...
  53. pmc Accuracy of ultrasonography and mammography in predicting pathologic response after neoadjuvant chemotherapy for breast cancer
    Jason D Keune
    Department of Surgery, Division of Health Behavior Research, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Surg 199:477-84. 2010
    ..Neoadjuvant chemotherapy reduces tumor size before surgery in women with breast cancer. The aim of this study was to assess the ability of mammography and ultrasound to predict residual tumor size following neoadjuvant chemotherapy...
  54. pmc Changes in sexual problems over time in women with and without early-stage breast cancer
    Maria Perez
    Division of Health Behavior Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Menopause 17:924-37. 2010
    ..We aimed to evaluate whether age-matched women with and without early-stage breast cancer differentially experience sexual problems over time and whether changes in patients' problems differ by type of surgical procedure...
  55. pmc Temporal trends in geographic disparities in small-area breast cancer incidence and mortality, 1988 to 2005
    Mario Schootman
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Division of Health Behavior Research, Box 8504, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, Saint Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 19:1122-31. 2010
    ..A goal of Healthy People 2010 was to reduce health disparities. We determined the extent of reductions in geographic disparities in five breast cancer screening indicators...
  56. doi request reprint Using county-level public health data to prioritize medical education topics
    Walton Sumner
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Contin Educ Health Prof 28:197-204. 2008
    ..Medical education topics might be locally prioritized using public health data on health outcomes and risk factors unrelated to quality of care...
  57. pmc Geographic variation and effect of area-level poverty rate on colorectal cancer screening
    Min Lian
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, St, Louis, Missouri, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:358. 2008
    ..It is unclear if CRC screening varies geographically, if area-level poverty rate affects CRC screening, and if individual-level characteristics mediate the area-level effects on CRC screening...
  58. ncbi request reprint Translating research into practice: using concept mapping to determine locally relevant intervention strategies to increase physical activity
    Cheryl M Kelly
    Transtria, LLC, 3525 Watson Rd, Ste R, St Louis, MO 63139, USA
    Eval Program Plann 30:282-93. 2007
    ..To translate intervention strategies to increase physical activity interventions recommended by the Community Guide for higher and lower income African-American adults living in an urban, Midwestern community...
  59. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee in children and adolescents. Its role in clinical decision-making
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, One Children s Place, Suite 4S20, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:497-502. 2005
    ....
  60. ncbi request reprint Surveillance mammography and the risk of death among elderly breast cancer patients
    Mario Schootman
    Department of Medicine and Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, 63108, USA
    Breast Cancer Res Treat 111:489-96. 2008
    ..To examine the benefits of mammography for elderly breast cancer survivors in community settings...
  61. ncbi request reprint Geographic variation of pediatric burn injuries in a metropolitan area
    Kristine G Williams
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Acad Emerg Med 10:743-52. 2003
    ..To use a geographic information system (GIS) and spatial statistics to describe the geographic variation of burn injuries in children 0-14 years of age in a major metropolitan area...
  62. ncbi request reprint Differentiation between septic arthritis and transient synovitis of the hip in children with clinical prediction algorithms
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:956-62. 2004
    ..0 x 10(9)/L). The purpose of this study was to apply this clinical algorithm retrospectively to determine its predictive value in our patient population...
  63. ncbi request reprint Complications and outcomes of open pediatric forearm fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 24:1-6. 2004
    ..Early, thorough surgical d├ębridement produces a low frequency of deep infections, and bony stabilization can be a safe technique, permitting more anatomic alignment and preventing the need for reoperation due to malalignment...
  64. ncbi request reprint Use of femoral nerve blocks in adolescents undergoing patellar realignment surgery
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 37:39-43. 2008
    ..v. morphine use was statistically significantly different among the 3 groups: 9.0 mg for FNB, 26.43 mg for PRN-IV, and 64.7 mg for PCA. FNB use was effective in significantly decreasing postoperative i.v. narcotic use...
  65. ncbi request reprint Complications of titanium elastic nails for pediatric femoral shaft fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 23:443-7. 2003
    ..Technical pitfalls exist with this implant and can be minimized by leaving less than 2.5 cm of nail out of the femur and by using the largest nail sizes possible...
  66. doi request reprint Mortality associated with bloodstream infection after coronary artery bypass surgery
    Margaret A Olsen
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110 1093, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1537-46. 2008
    ..Mortality attributable to bloodstream infection (BSI) is still controversial. We studied the impact of BSI on mortality after coronary artery bypass surgery, including the specific impact of different etiologic organisms...
  67. pmc Racial and geographic differences in mammography screening in St. Louis City: a multilevel study
    Min Lian
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Urban Health 85:677-92. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that there may be a greater need for increasing mammography use among white women, especially in the historic cluster area of late-stage breast cancer in St. Louis...
  68. doi request reprint Oxycodone versus codeine for triage pain in children with suspected forearm fracture: a randomized controlled trial
    Rachel L Charney
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 24:595-600. 2008
    ..To compare the efficacy of pain reduction of triage oxycodone (O) versus codeine (C) to children with suspected forearm fractures...
  69. ncbi request reprint Cytomegalovirus viremia associated with death or retransplantation in pediatric lung-transplant recipients
    Lara A Danziger-Isakov
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Children s Hospital, MO 63110, USA
    Transplantation 75:1538-43. 2003
    ....
  70. ncbi request reprint A randomized comparison of nitrous oxide plus hematoma block versus ketamine plus midazolam for emergency department forearm fracture reduction in children
    Jan D Luhmann
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, One Children s Place, Suite 4S50, Campus Box 8116, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1078-86. 2006
    ..We compared the efficacy and adverse effects of ketamine/midazolam to those of nitrous oxide/hematoma block for analgesia and anxiolysis during forearm fracture reduction in children...
  71. pmc The role of race and poverty in access to foods that enable individuals to adhere to dietary guidelines
    Elizabeth A Baker
    Saint Louis University School of Public Health, Salus Center, 3545 Lafayette Ave, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Prev Chronic Dis 3:A76. 2006
    ..The question guiding the current study was whether all communities have equal access to foods that enable individuals to make healthy dietary choices...
  72. doi request reprint Multiple sclerosis prevalence and possible lead exposure
    George Turabelidze
    Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Jefferson City, MO, USA
    J Neurol Sci 269:158-62. 2008
    ..The MS cases did not appear to cluster around the lead smelter...
  73. ncbi request reprint The impact of physicians' health beliefs on colorectal cancer screening practices
    Kenneth Shieh
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine and the Siteman Cancer Center, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Dig Dis Sci 50:809-14. 2005
    ....
  74. pmc Neurologist care in Parkinson disease: a utilization, outcomes, and survival study
    A W Willis
    Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Neurology 77:851-7. 2011
    ..To investigate the utilization of neurologist providers in the treatment of patients with Parkinson disease (PD) in the United States and determine whether neurologist treatment is associated with improved clinical outcomes...
  75. ncbi request reprint Improving survival of vulnerable infants increases neonatal intensive care unit nosocomial infection rate
    N Zafar
    Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine and St. Louis Children's Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 155:1098-104. 2001
    ..Because these infections occur in a small proportion of infants, understanding the host factors that contribute to this vulnerability is necessary to decrease nosocomial infections in neonatal intensive care units...
  76. pmc Description of Missouri children who suffer burn injuries
    K S Quayle
    Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, USA
    Inj Prev 6:255-8. 2000
    ..This study uses Missouri's inpatient and outpatient E code data system to describe the demographic characteristics of Missouri children who suffered burn injuries during 1994 and 1995...
  77. ncbi request reprint Four-year lower extremity disability trajectories among African American men and women
    Fredric D Wolinsky
    Iowa City Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Iowa, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:525-30. 2007
    ..We examined 4-year lower extremity disability trajectories...
  78. ncbi request reprint A Bayesian semi-parametric model for colorectal cancer incidences
    Song Zhang
    Middlebush 146, University of Missouri Columbia, MO 65201, USA
    Stat Med 25:285-309. 2006
    ..Males and females in their 50s and 60s show fairly strong correlation. The hypothesis testing based on Bayes factor suggests that gender correlation cannot be ignored in this model...
  79. pmc Rating neighborhoods for older adult health: results from the African American Health study
    Elena M Andresen
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, College of Public Health and Health Professions, University of Florida Health Sciences Center, PO Box 100231 Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
    BMC Public Health 8:35. 2008
    ..Social theories suggest that neighborhood quality affects health. Observer ratings of neighborhoods should be subjected to psychometric tests...
  80. ncbi request reprint An epidemiologic investigation of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis in Jefferson County, Missouri, 1998-2002
    George Turabelidze
    Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services, Jefferson City, MO 63103, USA
    Neurotoxicology 29:81-6. 2008
    ..Etiologic studies are needed to assess whether living in proximity to a lead smelter is associated with the development of ALS...
  81. ncbi request reprint Rural/urban differences in vocational outcomes for state vocational rehabilitation clients with TBI
    Brick Johnstone
    Department of Health Psychology, University of Missouri School of Medicine, One Hospital Drive, Columbia, MO 65212, USA
    NeuroRehabilitation 18:197-203. 2003
    ..To evaluate differences in demographics, injury severity, and vocational outcomes for persons with TBI based on rural vs. urban residency...
  82. ncbi request reprint Reduction of a dislocation of the hip due to developmental dysplasia. Implications for the need for future surgery
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:239-43. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that hips with an ossific nucleus are more likely to have subsequent reconstructive procedures...
  83. ncbi request reprint Effect of peak expiratory flow rate measurement on exhaled nitric oxide levels in children with asthma
    Kyle A Nelson
    J Allergy Clin Immunol 119:245-6. 2007
  84. ncbi request reprint Do recreational resources contribute to physical activity?
    Elizabeth A Baker
    School of Public Health, St Louis University, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    J Phys Act Health 5:252-61. 2008
    ..Previous research suggests that access to recreational resources might influence physical activity. Little research, however, has looked at both access to and the characteristics of recreational resources and physical activity...
  85. ncbi request reprint Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves between 70 degrees and 100 degrees: is anterior release necessary?
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2061-7. 2005
    ..A retrospective review of adolescents with main thoracic scoliotic curves surgically treated with either anterior release and posterior fusion or posterior fusion only...
  86. ncbi request reprint Heat stress and sudden infant death syndrome incidence: a United States population epidemiologic study
    Joshua R Scheers-Masters
    Edward Mallinckrodt Department of Pediatrics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pediatrics 113:e586-92. 2004
    ..To determine the role of heat stress in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) by examining the SIDS rates during periods of extreme environmental temperatures in a period when most infants were placed prone for sleep...
  87. pmc Self-rated health: changes, trajectories, and their antecedents among African Americans
    Fredric D Wolinsky
    Iowa City VA Medical Center and College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Drive, E 205 General Hospital, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
    J Aging Health 20:143-58. 2008
    ..Little is known about changes in self-rated health (SRH) among African Americans...

Research Grants7

  1. Gis, multilevel modeling and breast cancer screening
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Few studies focusing on breast cancer screening have taken this approach, which we, and others feel is warranted. ..
  2. Radiation Therapy in Older Breast Cancer Patients
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..Results will identify reasons for rural-urban differences in XRT use and may guide development of interventions that address modifiable factors associated with underutilization of XRT among rural women. ..
  3. GIS and Breast Cancer Screening in Saint Louis
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..abstract_text> ..
  4. Multilevel Model of Breast Cancer Follow-up Care
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  5. PREDICTORS OF RELAPSE TO SMOKING IN LUNG CANCER
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..
  6. Geography of Amputations Among African Americans
    Mario Schootman; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..abstract_text> ..