Susan B Racette

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Physical activity during recess outdoors and indoors among urban public school students, St. Louis, Missouri, 2010-2011
    Irene Tran
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri
    Prev Chronic Dis 10:E196. 2013
  2. pmc Approaches for quantifying energy intake and %calorie restriction during calorie restriction interventions in humans: the multicenter CALERIE study
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 302:E441-8. 2012
  3. doi request reprint Worksite Opportunities for Wellness (WOW): effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors after 1 year
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    Prev Med 49:108-14. 2009
  4. pmc Influence of weekend lifestyle patterns on body weight
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1826-30. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Changes in weight and health behaviors from freshman through senior year of college
    Susan B Racette
    Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 40:39-42. 2008
  6. pmc Dose effects of dietary phytosterols on cholesterol metabolism: a controlled feeding study
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, and the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 63108, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:32-8. 2010
  7. ncbi request reprint One year of caloric restriction in humans: feasibility and effects on body composition and abdominal adipose tissue
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:943-50. 2006
  8. pmc Phytosterol-deficient and high-phytosterol diets developed for controlled feeding studies
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine and Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Ave, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:2043-51. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Abdominal adiposity is a stronger predictor of insulin resistance than fitness among 50-95 year olds
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:673-8. 2006
  10. ncbi request reprint Lower extremity muscle size and strength and aerobic capacity decrease with caloric restriction but not with exercise-induced weight loss
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 102:634-40. 2007

Detail Information

Publications35

  1. pmc Physical activity during recess outdoors and indoors among urban public school students, St. Louis, Missouri, 2010-2011
    Irene Tran
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri
    Prev Chronic Dis 10:E196. 2013
    ..0001), more steps in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (P < .0001), and higher heart rates than recess in the gym or classroom. To maximize physical activity quantity and intensity, school policies should promote outdoor recess. ..
  2. pmc Approaches for quantifying energy intake and %calorie restriction during calorie restriction interventions in humans: the multicenter CALERIE study
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 302:E441-8. 2012
    ..In summary, optimal quantification of energy intake and %CR during weight loss necessitates a TEE measurement within the first month of CR to capture the rapid reduction in TEE...
  3. doi request reprint Worksite Opportunities for Wellness (WOW): effects on cardiovascular disease risk factors after 1 year
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    Prev Med 49:108-14. 2009
    ..To evaluate the effectiveness of a worksite health promotion program on improving cardiovascular disease risk factors...
  4. pmc Influence of weekend lifestyle patterns on body weight
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 16:1826-30. 2008
    ..To determine whether alterations in diet and/or activity patterns during weekends contribute to weight gain or hinder weight loss...
  5. doi request reprint Changes in weight and health behaviors from freshman through senior year of college
    Susan B Racette
    Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    J Nutr Educ Behav 40:39-42. 2008
    ..To assess weight changes, exercise and diet behaviors among college students from the beginning of freshman year until the end of senior year...
  6. pmc Dose effects of dietary phytosterols on cholesterol metabolism: a controlled feeding study
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, and the Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 63108, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 91:32-8. 2010
    ..Phytosterol supplementation of 2 g/d is recommended by the National Cholesterol Education Program to reduce LDL cholesterol. However, the effects of different intakes of phytosterol on cholesterol metabolism are uncertain...
  7. ncbi request reprint One year of caloric restriction in humans: feasibility and effects on body composition and abdominal adipose tissue
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:943-50. 2006
    ..The objectives of this study were to determine the feasibility of prolonged CR in nonobese adults and to compare the effects of CR- and exercise-induced weight loss on body composition and abdominal adiposity...
  8. pmc Phytosterol-deficient and high-phytosterol diets developed for controlled feeding studies
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine and Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Ave, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:2043-51. 2009
    ..9%+/-5.9% of total phytosterols. In summary, phytosterol-deficient and high-phytosterol diets that conform to recommended macronutrient guidelines and are palatable can now be used in controlled feeding studies...
  9. ncbi request reprint Abdominal adiposity is a stronger predictor of insulin resistance than fitness among 50-95 year olds
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8502, 4444 Forest Park Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:673-8. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to determine whether cardiovascular fitness, whole-body adiposity, or abdominal adiposity is the strongest predictor of insulin resistance into old age...
  10. ncbi request reprint Lower extremity muscle size and strength and aerobic capacity decrease with caloric restriction but not with exercise-induced weight loss
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 102:634-40. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that, during EX, the body adapts to maintain or even enhance physical performance capacity...
  11. pmc Improvements in glucose tolerance and insulin action induced by increasing energy expenditure or decreasing energy intake: a randomized controlled trial
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 84:1033-42. 2006
    ..However, exercise-induced energy expenditure may further improve glucoregulation through mechanisms independent of weight loss...
  12. pmc Energy requirements in nonobese men and women: results from CALERIE
    Leanne M Redman
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA LMR, CKM, and ER the Duke Clinical Research Institute and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC WEK and MB the USDA Jean Mayer Human Nutrition Research Center on Aging at Tufts University, Boston, MA SKD and SB Roberts the Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO SB Racette and LF the Department of Medicine, Salerno University Medical School, Salerno, Italy LF CEINGE Biotecnologie Avanzate, Napoli, Italy LF and the USDA Agricultural Research Service, Children s Nutrition Research Center, Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX WWW
    Am J Clin Nutr 99:71-8. 2014
    ..The energy intake necessary to maintain weight and body composition is called the energy requirement for weight maintenance and can be determined by using the doubly labeled water (DLW) method...
  13. ncbi request reprint The effects of caloric restriction- and exercise-induced weight loss on left ventricular diastolic function
    Matt M Riordan
    Cardiovascular Biophysics Laboratory, Cardiovascular Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 294:H1174-82. 2008
    ..13) tended to increase. We conclude that weight loss, whether induced by CR or Ex, has salutary effects on diastolic function...
  14. pmc Effect of calorie restriction on the free-living physical activity levels of nonobese humans: results of three randomized trials
    Corby K Martin
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70808, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 110:956-63. 2011
    ..Inaccuracy of accelerometry and recall also likely negatively affected sensitivity...
  15. ncbi request reprint Calorie restriction or exercise: effects on coronary heart disease risk factors. A randomized, controlled trial
    Luigi Fontana
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab 293:E197-202. 2007
    ..Data from the present study provide evidence that CR- and EX-induced negative energy balance result in substantial and similar improvements in the major risk factors for CHD in normal-weight and overweight middle-aged adults...
  16. ncbi request reprint Bone mineral density response to caloric restriction-induced weight loss or exercise-induced weight loss: a randomized controlled trial
    Dennis T Villareal
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Intern Med 166:2502-10. 2006
    ..We tested the hypothesis that EX-induced weight loss is associated with less bone loss compared with CR-induced weight loss...
  17. ncbi request reprint Effect of obesity and insulin resistance on myocardial substrate metabolism and efficiency in young women
    Linda R Peterson
    Department of Medicine, Division of Cardiology, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8086, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Circulation 109:2191-6. 2004
    ..In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that myocardial fatty acid metabolism and efficiency are abnormal in obese women...
  18. ncbi request reprint Aerobic power and insulin action improve in response to endurance exercise training in healthy 77-87 yr olds
    Ellen M Evans
    Section of Applied Physiology, Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 98:40-5. 2005
    ....
  19. pmc Combined effects of ezetimibe and phytosterols on cholesterol metabolism: a randomized, controlled feeding study in humans
    Xiaobo Lin
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism, and Lipid Research, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Circulation 124:596-601. 2011
    ..Both ezetimibe and phytosterols inhibit cholesterol absorption. We tested the hypothesis that the combination of ezetimibe and phytosterols is more effective than ezetimibe alone in altering cholesterol metabolism...
  20. pmc Caloric restriction but not exercise-induced reductions in fat mass decrease plasma triiodothyronine concentrations: a randomized controlled trial
    Edward P Weiss
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Rejuvenation Res 11:605-9. 2008
    ..This effect does not appear to be attributable to changes in body fat mass because a comparable decrease in T(3) concentration was not observed in response to an exercise-induced fat mass reduction...
  21. pmc Modest weight loss improves insulin action in obese African Americans
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110 2212, USA
    Metabolism 54:960-5. 2005
    ..The purpose of the present study was to determine the mechanism by which improvements in glucose tolerance occur in obese African Americans with insulin resistance and abnormal glucose tolerance...
  22. pmc Effects of soy protein isolate and moderate exercise on bone turnover and bone mineral density in postmenopausal women
    Ellen M Evans
    Division of Geriatrics and Nutritional Sciences, Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Menopause 14:481-8. 2007
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the independent and additive effects of soy protein isolate (SPI) and moderate-intensity exercise (EX) on bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD)...
  23. ncbi request reprint Obesity: overview of prevalence, etiology, and treatment
    Susan B Racette
    Program in Physical Therapy and Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Phys Ther 83:276-88. 2003
  24. ncbi request reprint Comparison of methods for assessing abdominal adipose tissue from magnetic resonance images
    Hassan Arif
    Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, St Louis University, 3437 Caroline Street, Room 3076, St Louis, MO 63104, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 15:2240-4. 2007
    ..To compare the inter-rater and intra-rater reliability and analysis time of two methods for quantifying visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) volumes from magnetic resonance (MR) images...
  25. pmc Phytosterol glycosides reduce cholesterol absorption in humans
    Xiaobo Lin
    Division of Endocrinology, Metabolism and Lipid Research, Department of Medicine, Program in Physical Therapy, Center for Applied Research Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8127, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 296:G931-5. 2009
    ..6+/-3.9% (P=0.0001). These results suggest that natural phytosterol glycosides purified from lecithin are bioactive in humans and should be included in methods of phytosterol analysis and tables of food phytosterol content...
  26. ncbi request reprint Inhibition of cholesterol absorption by phytosterol-replete wheat germ compared with phytosterol-depleted wheat germ
    Richard E Ostlund
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 77:1385-9. 2003
    ..Low-fat vegetable foods contain phytosterols, but it is not known whether they are in biologically active forms or whether their concentrations are high enough to reduce cholesterol absorption and favorably affect lipid metabolism...
  27. doi request reprint Exercise and cardiometabolic risk factors in graduate students: a longitudinal, observational study
    Susan B Racette
    a Program in Physical Therapy, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri
    J Am Coll Health 62:47-56. 2014
    ..To evaluate cardiometabolic risk of students longitudinally and compare them with age-matched national samples...
  28. pmc The emerging link between alcoholism risk and obesity in the United States
    Richard A Grucza
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 67:1301-8. 2010
    ..The prevalence of obesity has risen sharply in the United States in the past few decades. Etiologic links between obesity and substance use disorders have been hypothesized...
  29. ncbi request reprint Effects of trace components of dietary fat on cholesterol metabolism: phytosterols, oxysterols, and squalene
    Richard E Ostlund
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Nutr Rev 60:349-59. 2002
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Phytosterols that are naturally present in commercial corn oil significantly reduce cholesterol absorption in humans
    Richard E Ostlund
    Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 75:1000-4. 2002
    ..Vegetable oils are the richest dietary source of phytosterols; corn oil contains 0.77% phytosterols by weight...
  31. ncbi request reprint Creatine supplementation and athletic performance
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University School of Medicine, Program in Physical Therapy, Department of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108 2212, USA
    J Orthop Sports Phys Ther 33:615-21. 2003
    ..This is an active area of clinical investigation and the results of ongoing and future research should guide the appropriate use of creatine to enhance athletic performance among athletes of all ages...
  32. ncbi request reprint Thiazolidinediones enhance insulin-mediated suppression of fatty acid flux in type 2 diabetes mellitus
    Susan B Racette
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110 1093, USA
    Metabolism 51:169-74. 2002
    ..However, TZD therapy did not affect whole-body glycerol R(a), possibly because of upregulation of lipoprotein lipase action on plasma triglycerides...
  33. ncbi request reprint Menopause and risk for obesity: how important is physical activity?
    Ellen M Evans
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 15:211-3. 2006
  34. ncbi request reprint Weight changes, exercise, and dietary patterns during freshman and sophomore years of college
    Susan B Racette
    Washington University in St Louis, Missouri 63108, USA
    J Am Coll Health 53:245-51. 2005
    ..Future research is needed to assess the contributions of fat, muscle, and bone mass to observed weight gain and to determine the health implications of these findings...
  35. ncbi request reprint Fat-free foods supplemented with soy stanol-lecithin powder reduce cholesterol absorption and LDL cholesterol
    Curtis A Spilburg
    Lifeline Technologies, Chesterfield, MO 63017, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 103:577-81. 2003
    ..The objective of this work was to show that fat-free, lecithin-formulated soy stanols lower cholesterol absorption and serum LDL cholesterol...