C S North

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric illness in female physicians. Are high rates of depression an occupational hazard?
    C S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis 63110, USA
    Postgrad Med 101:233-6, 239-40, 242. 1997
  2. pmc Somatization in survivors of catastrophic trauma: a methodological review
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:637-40. 2002
  3. pmc Three-year follow-up of survivors of a mass shooting episode
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Urban Health 79:383-91. 2002
  4. pmc Are rates of psychiatric disorders in the homeless population changing?
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:103-8. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint Capitol hill staff workers' experiences of bioterrorism: qualitative findings from focus groups
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:79-88. 2005
  6. ncbi request reprint The Homeless Supplement to the Diagnostic Interview Schedule: test-retest analyses
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:184-91. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Approaching disaster mental health research after the 9/11 World Trade Center terrorist attacks
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 27:589-602. 2004
  8. ncbi request reprint The presentation of irritable bowel syndrome in the context of somatization disorder
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:787-95. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint The Oklahoma City bombing study and methodological issues in longitudinal disaster mental health research
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Trauma Dissociation 6:27-35. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint The course of posttraumatic stress disorder in a follow-up study of survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing
    Carol S North
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 16:209-15. 2004

Detail Information

Publications46

  1. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric illness in female physicians. Are high rates of depression an occupational hazard?
    C S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis 63110, USA
    Postgrad Med 101:233-6, 239-40, 242. 1997
    ..The medical profession could benefit from increased awareness of depression among female physicians and removal of barriers to treatment, such as stigma and discrimination against those with psychiatric illness...
  2. pmc Somatization in survivors of catastrophic trauma: a methodological review
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 110:637-40. 2002
    ....
  3. pmc Three-year follow-up of survivors of a mass shooting episode
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Urban Health 79:383-91. 2002
    ..No delayed cases of PTSD were identified. Studies are needed to compare these characteristics of the course of PTSD with other populations, using consistent methodology to allow valid comparison...
  4. pmc Are rates of psychiatric disorders in the homeless population changing?
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Public Health 94:103-8. 2004
    ..We examined the prevalence of psychiatric illness among 3 homeless populations in St. Louis, Mo, in approximately 1980, 1990, and 2000. The 3 studies were conducted with the same systemic research methodology...
  5. ncbi request reprint Capitol hill staff workers' experiences of bioterrorism: qualitative findings from focus groups
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Trauma Stress 18:79-88. 2005
    ..Nonadherence to antibiotic prophylaxis is of immediate concern for response to future bioterrorist events as well as infectious disease epidemics. Other topics that warrant attention are social support and mental health interventions...
  6. ncbi request reprint The Homeless Supplement to the Diagnostic Interview Schedule: test-retest analyses
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:184-91. 2004
    ..Replication is needed in larger, more representative samples and comparison of reliability with other psychiatric and cognitive characteristics...
  7. ncbi request reprint Approaching disaster mental health research after the 9/11 World Trade Center terrorist attacks
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 27:589-602. 2004
    ..Experience in developing research in the post-9/11 setting encountered a number of issues, suggesting need for new policy recommendations that may facilitate research in future disaster settings...
  8. ncbi request reprint The presentation of irritable bowel syndrome in the context of somatization disorder
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol 2:787-95. 2004
    ..The study's aim was to determine within a female IBS population the degree of segregation of psychiatric illness, functional disorders, and health care utilization with somatization disorder...
  9. ncbi request reprint The Oklahoma City bombing study and methodological issues in longitudinal disaster mental health research
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Trauma Dissociation 6:27-35. 2005
    ..Clinical implications of the data obtained from the Oklahoma City bombing study of survivors of the direct bomb blast are presented in the context of these methodological concerns...
  10. ncbi request reprint The course of posttraumatic stress disorder in a follow-up study of survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing
    Carol S North
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 16:209-15. 2004
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Coping, functioning, and adjustment of rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Trauma Stress 15:171-5. 2002
    ..Postdisaster alcohol use disorders and drinking to cope were significantly associated with indicators of poorer functioning. Surveillance for problem drinking after disaster exposure may identify useful directions for intervention...
  12. ncbi request reprint Comparison of post-disaster psychiatric disorders after terrorist bombings in Nairobi and Oklahoma City
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Br J Psychiatry 186:487-93. 2005
    ..African disaster-affected populations are poorly represented in disaster mental health literature...
  13. ncbi request reprint A prospective study of coping after exposure to a mass murder episode
    C S North
    Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 13:81-7. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint The course of post-traumatic stress disorder after the Oklahoma City bombing
    C S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Mil Med 166:51-2. 2001
    ..Focus on avoidance and numbing symptoms may aid in identification of individuals needing intervention and monitoring the course of PTSD...
  15. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric disorders among survivors of the Oklahoma City bombing
    C S North
    School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    JAMA 282:755-62. 1999
    ..The Oklahoma City, Okla, bombing is particularly significant for the study of mental health sequelae of trauma because its extreme magnitude and scope have been predicted to render profound psychiatric effects on survivors...
  16. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric disorders in rescue workers after the Oklahoma City bombing
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 159:857-9. 2002
    ..Psychiatric disorders were studied in a volunteer group of 181 firefighters who served as rescue/recovery workers after the Oklahoma City bombing...
  17. ncbi request reprint Service use over time and achievement of stable housing in a mentally ill homeless population
    D E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work at Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 51:1536-43. 2000
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Content and curriculum in psychoeducation groups for families of persons with severe mental illness
    D E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 49:816-22. 1998
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint The association of irritable bowel syndrome and somatization disorder
    A R Miller
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Ann Clin Psychiatry 13:25-30. 2001
    ..Clinicians should consider whether patients with functional disorders have SD, a diagnosis that indicates specific clinical management strategies...
  20. ncbi request reprint The impact of psychiatric diagnosis and family system relationship on problems identified by families coping with a mentally ill member
    D E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, Campus Box 1196, One Brookings Drive, St Louis, MO 63130 4999, USA
    Fam Process 40:199-209. 2001
    ..Building on previous research, groups composed of families coping with more than a single diagnosis and including a variety of family member relationships have the potential to reach consensus on curriculum topics...
  21. ncbi request reprint Agency-based tracking of difficult-to-follow populations: runaway and homeless youth programs in St. Louis, Missouri
    D E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    Community Ment Health J 36:247-58. 2000
    ..This study explored agency-based tracking methods for one of the most difficult-to-follow populations: runaway and homeless youth...
  22. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress disorder: a state-of-the-science review
    Charles B Nemeroff
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Emory University School of Medicine, 1639 Pierce Drive, Atlanta, GA 30322 4990, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 40:1-21. 2006
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Persistent physiological reactivity in a pilot study of partners of firefighters after a terrorist attack
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 73104, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 194:128-31. 2006
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Living with severe mental illness--what families and friends must know: evaluation of a one-day psychoeducation workshop
    David E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Soc Work 51:31-8. 2006
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint A comparison of agency-based and self-report methods of measuring services across an urban environment by a drug-abusing homeless population
    David E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 15:46-56. 2006
    ..The two methods of assessment appeared to capture overlapping but not identical information. Each method of assessment has different utility to researchers and providers wishing to assess service use...
  26. ncbi request reprint Trauma, grief and depression in Nairobi children after the 1998 bombing of the American Embassy
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Science Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, USA
    Death Stud 30:561-77. 2006
    ..The study supports the developing literature on traumatic grief and the need for studies exploring the potentially unique aspects of this construct...
  27. ncbi request reprint Interrater reliability and coding guide for nonpsychotic formal thought disorder
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, VAMC 6363 Forest Park Rd, Suite 651, Dallas, TX 75390 8828, USA
    Percept Mot Skills 103:395-411. 2006
    ..85 for agreement on the presence of any abnormal speech element and kappa values from .66 to 1.00 for agreement on the presence of individual elements)...
  28. ncbi request reprint Physiologic reactivity despite emotional resilience several years after direct exposure to terrorism
    Phebe M Tucker
    Department of Psychiatry, OUHSC, WP 3440, P O Box 26901, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Am J Psychiatry 164:230-5. 2007
    ..Six and a half to 7 years after the 1995 terrorist bombing in Oklahoma City, the authors assessed autonomic reactivity to trauma reminders and psychiatric symptoms in adults who had some degree of direct exposure to the blast...
  29. doi request reprint Change in smoking and drinking after september 11, 2001, in a national sample of ever smokers and ever drinkers
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma 73126 0901, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 196:113-21. 2008
    ..The results have implications for research, clinical practice, and public health...
  30. ncbi request reprint Violently injured patients seen in the emergency department of Barnes-Jewish Hospital: a descriptive study of context, future views and spirituality
    Barry A Hong
    Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, USA
    Mo Med 105:86-9. 2008
    ..The cycle of violence clearly calls for interventions and solutions involving hospitals and the community...
  31. doi request reprint Distinguishing distress and psychopathology among survivors of the Oakland/Berkeley firestorm
    Carol S North
    University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Department of Psychiatry, Dallas, TX 75390 8828, USA
    Psychiatry 71:35-45. 2008
    ..The choice of research focus and methods can provide very different portraits of outcomes post-disaster...
  32. ncbi request reprint Concerns of Capitol Hill staff workers after bioterrorism: focus group discussions of authorities' response
    Carol S North
    School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 193:523-7. 2005
    ..This suggests focus on risk communication in developing interventions, but more systematic investigation is needed...
  33. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric disorders among victims of a courthouse shooting spree: a three-year follow-up study
    Sharon D Johnson
    Department of Social Work, University of Missouri St Louis, 63121 4499, USA
    Community Ment Health J 38:181-94; discussion 195-7. 2002
    ..quot; The need for intervention among symptomatic individuals not meeting diagnostic criteria should not be discounted as subdiagnostic distress may warrant specific intervention...
  34. ncbi request reprint Research on the mental health effects of terrorism
    Carol S North
    JAMA 288:633-6. 2002
  35. pmc The impact of the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing on the partners of firefighters
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, 73104, USA
    J Urban Health 79:364-72. 2002
    ..The results suggest the need for further study of the impact of interpersonal exposure in those who provide support for rescue-and-recovery workers in major terrorist incidents...
  36. ncbi request reprint Comorbidity among Oxford House residents: a preliminary outcome study
    John M Majer
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, IL 60614, USA
    Addict Behav 27:837-45. 2002
    ..Implications of this study suggest that substance abusers with psychiatric comorbidity are heterogeneous groups that benefit from living in an Oxford House...
  37. ncbi request reprint Family-responsive psychoeducation groups for families with an adult member with mental illness: pilot results
    David E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Community Ment Health J 38:413-21. 2002
    ..The encouraging results of this second pilot effort serve to substantiate the initial efforts in developing the PERF group model...
  38. ncbi request reprint The course of PTSD, major depression, substance abuse, and somatization after a natural disaster
    Carol S North
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Nerv Ment Dis 192:823-9. 2004
    ..Methodological differences may account for much of the apparent discrepancy of these findings, with recent reports of increased alcohol use and somatic symptoms observed after other disasters...
  39. ncbi request reprint Posttraumatic stress and functional impairment in Kenyan children following the 1998 American Embassy bombing
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City 73190 3048, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 73:133-40. 2003
    ..Posttraumatic stress reactions to the bombing were related to posttraumatic stress reactions to other trauma and to peritraumatic reaction. Self-reported functional impairment was minimal...
  40. ncbi request reprint Deriving service costs for a clubhouse psychosocial rehabilitation program
    Alexander J Cowell
    Behavioral Health Economics Program at RTI, 3040 Cornwallis Road, P O Box 12194, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA
    Adm Policy Ment Health 30:323-40. 2003
    ..Because the case-study clubhouse is typical in key dimensions, the methods used here appear generalizable to other programs and should have utility for other rehabilitation-based services for individuals with mental illness...
  41. ncbi request reprint Modeling service access in a homeless population
    David E Pollio
    George Warren Brown School of Social Work, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    J Psychoactive Drugs 35:487-95. 2003
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Is self-mastery always a helpful resource? Coping wiith paradoxical findings in relation to optimism and abstinence self-efficacy
    John M Majer
    Department of Psychology, DePaul University, Chicago, Illinois 60614, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 29:385-99. 2003
    ..Overall, findings suggest that optimism and abstinence self-efficacy are effective personal resources for recovering substance abusers in 12-step programs...
  43. ncbi request reprint Relationship of functional gastrointestinal disorders and psychiatric disorders: implications for treatment
    Carol S North
    World J Gastroenterol 13:2020-7. 2007
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint P-FLASH: Development of an empirically-based post-9/11 disaster mental health training program
    Carol S North
    Department of Psychiatry, Division of Emergency Medicine, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, USA
    Mo Med 105:62-6. 2008
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint The state of research on the mental health effects of terrorism
    Carol S North
    Epidemiol Psichiatr Soc 13:4-9. 2004
  46. ncbi request reprint Does television viewing satisfy criteria for exposure in posttraumatic stress disorder?
    Betty Pfefferbaum
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, College of Medicine, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, PO Box 26901, Williams Pavilion, Room 3470, Oklahoma City, OK 73190, USA
    Psychiatry 65:306-9. 2002