M T Lynskey

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Estimating two-stage models for genetic influences on alcohol, tobacco or drug use initiation and dependence vulnerability in twin and family data
    Andrew C Heath
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Twin Res 5:113-24. 2002
  2. ncbi request reprint Duration of cannabis use--a novel phenotype?
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Rd, Suite 1000, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
    Addict Behav 31:984-94. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Early-onset alcohol-use behaviors and subsequent alcohol-related driving risks in young women: a twin study
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Road, Suite 1000, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:798-804. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of DSM assessments of illicit drug abuse and dependence: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)
    M T Lynskey
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 37:1345-55. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Differential criterion functioning of alcohol use symptomatology in major depressive disorder?
    M T Lynskey
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 38:441-9. 2008
  6. ncbi request reprint Subtypes of illicit drug users: a latent class analysis of data from an Australian twin sample
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 9:523-30. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Stimulant use and symptoms of abuse/dependence: epidemiology and associations with cannabis use--a twin study
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Rd, Suite 1000, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 86:147-53. 2007
  8. ncbi request reprint Early onset cannabis use and progression to other drug use in a sample of Dutch twins
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Behav Genet 36:195-200. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Contrasting models of genetic co-morbidity for cannabis and other illicit drugs in adult Australian twins
    A Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 37:49-60. 2007
  10. pmc The genetics of addiction-a translational perspective
    A Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e140. 2012

Detail Information

Publications64

  1. ncbi request reprint Estimating two-stage models for genetic influences on alcohol, tobacco or drug use initiation and dependence vulnerability in twin and family data
    Andrew C Heath
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Twin Res 5:113-24. 2002
    ..Illustrative application of the model to Australian twin data on smoking confirmed substantial heritability of smoking persistence (42%) with minimal overlap with genetic influences on initiation...
  2. ncbi request reprint Duration of cannabis use--a novel phenotype?
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Rd, Suite 1000, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
    Addict Behav 31:984-94. 2006
    ..While there were high genetic correlations in both women and men, lifetime duration of cannabis may be uniquely informative in assessing components of liability to cannabis use...
  3. ncbi request reprint Early-onset alcohol-use behaviors and subsequent alcohol-related driving risks in young women: a twin study
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Road, Suite 1000, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 68:798-804. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to estimate associations between early-onset alcohol use/intoxication and subsequent risks of alcohol-related driving risks in young women after control for familial liability for these behaviors...
  4. ncbi request reprint Psychometric properties of DSM assessments of illicit drug abuse and dependence: results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)
    M T Lynskey
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 37:1345-55. 2007
    ..DSM-IV criteria for illicit drug abuse and dependence are largely based on criteria developed for alcohol use disorders and there is a lack of research evidence on the psychometric properties of these symptoms when applied to illicit drugs...
  5. ncbi request reprint Differential criterion functioning of alcohol use symptomatology in major depressive disorder?
    M T Lynskey
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 38:441-9. 2008
    ..However, some component of this co-morbidity may be artifactual and arise from the influence of current mental state on self-reports of AUD...
  6. ncbi request reprint Subtypes of illicit drug users: a latent class analysis of data from an Australian twin sample
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 9:523-30. 2006
    ..Aggregation of population-level data may obscure important subgroup differences in patterns of illicit drug use and psychiatric comorbidity. Further exploration of a 'self-medicating' subgroup is needed...
  7. ncbi request reprint Stimulant use and symptoms of abuse/dependence: epidemiology and associations with cannabis use--a twin study
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 4560 Clayton Rd, Suite 1000, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 86:147-53. 2007
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Early onset cannabis use and progression to other drug use in a sample of Dutch twins
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University in St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Behav Genet 36:195-200. 2006
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Contrasting models of genetic co-morbidity for cannabis and other illicit drugs in adult Australian twins
    A Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 37:49-60. 2007
    ....
  10. pmc The genetics of addiction-a translational perspective
    A Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Transl Psychiatry 2:e140. 2012
    ....
  11. pmc Cannabis or alcohol first? Differences by ethnicity and in risk for rapid progression to cannabis-related problems in women
    C E Sartor
    Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06516, USA
    Psychol Med 43:813-23. 2013
    ..9% as EA. Ethnicity and order of initiation of cannabis and alcohol use were modeled as predictors of transition time from first use to onset of cannabis use disorder symptom(s) using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses...
  12. pmc The association between DSM-IV nicotine dependence and stressful life events in the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Emily Balk
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 35:85-90. 2009
    ..While both ND and SLEs have been studied extensively in relation to other variables, there are few instances in which they have been investigated in concert...
  13. doi request reprint Is there evidence for symptoms of cannabis withdrawal in the national epidemiologic survey of alcohol and related conditions?
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Am J Addict 17:199-208. 2008
    ..Evidence from this and prior studies demonstrating withdrawal strongly suggest that future editions of DSM need to reconsider the exclusion of withdrawal from criteria for cannabis dependence...
  14. pmc Peer substance involvement modifies genetic influences on regular substance involvement in young women
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 105:1844-53. 2010
    ..We examine mechanisms by which PSI influences the etiology of regular substance involvement (RSI), particularly in women...
  15. pmc Early cannabis use and DSM-IV nicotine dependence: a twin study
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 103:1896-904. 2008
    ..We examine whether cannabis use prior to age 17 years is associated with an increased likelihood of DSM-IV nicotine dependence and the extent to which genetic and environmental factors contribute to this association...
  16. pmc Mechanisms underlying the lifetime co-occurrence of tobacco and cannabis use in adolescent and young adult twins
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 108:49-55. 2010
    ..Given the high addictive potential of nicotine and the ubiquitous nature of cannabis use, this is a public health concern worthy of considerable attention...
  17. pmc Tobacco and cannabis co-occurrence: does route of administration matter?
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, 660 S Euclid, CB 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, United States
    Drug Alcohol Depend 99:240-7. 2009
    ..Qualitative research suggests that a shared route of administration (i.e. via inhalation) for the common forms of both tobacco (i.e. cigarettes) and cannabis (i.e. joints) may contribute to their co-occurring use...
  18. pmc Disentangling the complex association between childhood sexual abuse and alcohol-related problems: a review of methodological issues and approaches
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8134, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 69:718-27. 2008
    ..Additional directions for research, including the incorporation of measured genes and the use of longitudinal designs, are proposed to further efforts to model the pathways from CSA to alcohol-related problems...
  19. pmc Autosomal linkage analysis for cannabis use behaviors in Australian adults
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 98:185-90. 2008
    ....
  20. doi request reprint An autosomal linkage scan for cannabis use disorders in the nicotine addiction genetics project
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 65:713-21. 2008
    ..Despite accumulating evidence that there is a genetic basis for cannabis use disorders (ie, abuse and dependence), few studies have identified genomic regions that may harbor biological risk and protective factors...
  21. pmc Correlates of smoking cessation in a nationally representative sample of U.S. adults
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Addict Behav 33:1223-6. 2008
    ....
  22. pmc Common genetic influences on the timing of first use for alcohol, cigarettes, and cannabis in young African-American women
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 102:49-55. 2009
    ..Differences in findings may also reflect a distinct etiological pathway for substance use initiation in African-American women that could not be detected in previous studies...
  23. doi request reprint Are there genetic influences on addiction: evidence from family, adoption and twin studies
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 103:1069-81. 2008
    ..With a focus on the classical twin design that utilizes data on monozygotic and dizygotic twins, we discuss support in favor of heritable influences on alcohol, nicotine, cannabis and other illicit drug dependence...
  24. pmc Simultaneous cannabis and tobacco use and cannabis-related outcomes in young women
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 101:8-12. 2009
    ....
  25. pmc Genetically informative research on adolescent substance use: methods, findings, and challenges
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 49:1202-14. 2010
    ..To provide an overview of the genetic epidemiology of substance use and misuse in adolescents...
  26. pmc Common genetic contributions to alcohol and cannabis use and dependence symptomatology
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 34:545-54. 2010
    ....
  27. pmc Timing of first alcohol use and alcohol dependence: evidence of common genetic influences
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Campus Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 104:1512-8. 2009
    ..To estimate the magnitude of genetic and environmental influences on timing of first alcohol use and alcohol dependence (AD) and to quantify the overlap in these influences across the two alcohol-related outcomes...
  28. pmc Correlates of later-onset cannabis use in the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC)
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, 660 S Euclid, CB 8134, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 105:71-5. 2009
    ..However, there is growing evidence that cannabis onset occurs later in life as well and little is known of the risk and protective influences that are associated with late-onset cannabis initiation...
  29. pmc Alcohol consumption indices of genetic risk for alcohol dependence
    Julia D Grant
    Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Biol Psychiatry 66:795-800. 2009
    ..A high genetic correlation between these measures would suggest that a continuous measure of consumption may have a useful role in the discovery of genes contributing to dependence risk...
  30. pmc Candidate genes for cannabis use disorders: findings, challenges and directions
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 104:518-32. 2009
    ....
  31. pmc Cannabis involvement in individuals with bipolar disorder
    Arpana Agrawal
    Dept of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychiatry Res 185:459-61. 2011
    ..Rates of DSM-IV cannabis use disorders in those with BD were 29.4% and were independently and significantly associated with increased suicide attempts, greater likelihood of mixed episodes and greater disability attributable to BD...
  32. pmc A cotwin-control analysis of drug use and abuse/dependence risk associated with early-onset cannabis use
    Julia D Grant
    The Midwest Alcoholism Research Center at Washington University, Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addict Behav 35:35-41. 2010
    ..In contrast to previous research, there is limited evidence for increased risk associated with early-onset use in this sample of Vietnam-era veterans...
  33. pmc DSM-IV alcohol abuse due to hazardous use: a less severe form of abuse?
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, CB 8134, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 71:857-63. 2010
    ....
  34. pmc Evidence for an interaction between age at first drink and genetic influences on DSM-IV alcohol dependence symptoms
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:2047-56. 2009
    ..In this study, we examine whether age at first drink moderates genetic and environmental influences, via gene x environment interactions, on DSM-IV alcohol dependence symptoms...
  35. pmc Developing a quantitative measure of alcohol consumption for genomic studies on prospective cohorts
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Avenue, Box 8134, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Stud Alcohol Drugs 70:157-68. 2009
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop a quantitative measure of alcohol consumption for gene-mapping studies...
  36. pmc A family study of adult twins with and without a history of childhood abuse: stability of retrospective reports of maltreatment and associated family measures
    Elliot C Nelson
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, St Louis, MO 63110, United States of America
    Twin Res Hum Genet 13:121-30. 2010
    ....
  37. pmc Genetic and environmental influences on the rate of progression to alcohol dependence in young women
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Alcohol Clin Exp Res 32:632-8. 2008
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Major depressive disorder, suicidal ideation, and suicide attempt in twins discordant for cannabis dependence and early-onset cannabis use
    Michael T Lynskey
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:1026-32. 2004
    ..Previous research has reported both a moderate degree of comorbidity between cannabis dependence and major depressive disorder (MDD) and that early-onset cannabis use is associated with increased risks for MDD...
  39. ncbi request reprint Risk for initiation of substance use as a function of age of onset of cigarette, alcohol and cannabis use: findings in a Midwestern female twin cohort
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Prev Med 43:125-8. 2006
    ..We investigated whether use and early-onset use of cigarettes, alcohol and cannabis contributed an increase in risk for initiation of subsequent psychoactive substances in women (N = 3729, mean age = 21.7)...
  40. ncbi request reprint The genetic epidemiology of cannabis use, abuse and dependence
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 101:801-12. 2006
    ..The genetic etiology of cannabis use, abuse and dependence has elicited significant interest from genetic epidemiologists...
  41. ncbi request reprint Limitations of DSM-IV operationalizations of alcohol abuse and dependence in a sample of Australian twins
    Michael T Lynskey
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Twin Res Hum Genet 8:574-84. 2005
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Correlates of regular cigarette smoking in a population-based sample of Australian twins
    Arpana Agrawal
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    Addiction 100:1709-19. 2005
    ..Design Members of monozygotic and dizygotic, including unlike-sex twin pairs (n = 6257) from a young adult cohort from the Australian Twin Registry...
  43. ncbi request reprint Adolescent alcohol use is a risk factor for adult alcohol and drug dependence: evidence from a twin design
    Julia D Grant
    Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 36:109-18. 2006
    ..Early alcohol use is associated with abuse and dependence of licit and illicit substances later in life. The role of genetic and environmental factors in this association is not conclusive...
  44. ncbi request reprint Genetic epidemiology of alcohol-induced blackouts
    Elliot C Nelson
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine and St Louis University School of Public Health, St Louis, O 63108, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 61:257-63. 2004
    ..Alcohol-induced blackouts (ie, periods of anterograde amnesia) have received limited recent research attention...
  45. pmc Genetic epidemiology of self-reported lifetime DSM-IV major depressive disorder in a population-based twin sample of female adolescents
    Anne L Glowinski
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63108, USA
    J Child Psychol Psychiatry 44:988-96. 2003
    ..The goal of this study was the genetic analysis of MDD in an epidemiologically and genetically representative sample of adolescent female twins...
  46. ncbi request reprint Alcohol and other drug use disorders among older-aged people
    Michael T Lynskey
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Drug Alcohol Rev 22:125-33. 2003
    ..These include: interactions with prescribed medications, under-recognition and treatment of alcohol and drug problems, unintentional injury and social isolation. Finally, a brief discussion of treatment issues is provided...
  47. ncbi request reprint A longitudinal study of the effects of adolescent cannabis use on high school completion
    Michael T Lynskey
    National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, NSW, Australia
    Addiction 98:685-92. 2003
    ..To examine the extent to which weekly cannabis use during mid-adolescence may increase the risk of early school-leaving...
  48. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric comorbidity and progression in drug use in adult male twins: implications for the design of genetic association studies
    Alexandre A Todorov
    Department of Psychiatry, Midwest Alcoholism Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110 1502, United States
    Addict Behav 31:948-61. 2006
    ..We use the result of these analyses to show how the use of a particular drug disorder phenotype for selecting cases could impact final sample composition...
  49. ncbi request reprint Childhood sexual abuse and risks for licit and illicit drug-related outcomes: a twin study
    Elliot C Nelson
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 36:1473-83. 2006
    ..This study examined the relationships between self-reported childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and drug-related outcomes in an Australian twin panel...
  50. pmc Transitions to regular smoking and to nicotine dependence in women using cannabis
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 95:107-14. 2008
    ..If there is evidence in its favor, the increased rates of cigarette smoking in cannabis users may prove to be the most significant public health problem associated with cannabis use...
  51. ncbi request reprint The role of childhood risk factors in initiation of alcohol use and progression to alcohol dependence
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 102:216-25. 2007
    ..To identify childhood risk factors that predict (a) age of first drink and (b) time from first use to alcohol dependence (AD) onset, using survival analysis...
  52. pmc Psychiatric and familial predictors of transition times between smoking stages: results from an offspring-of-twins study
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addict Behav 33:235-51. 2008
    ..Findings characterize a rarely examined aspect of the course of ND development and highlight critical distinctions in risk profiles across stages of tobacco involvement...
  53. pmc Correlates of cannabis initiation in a longitudinal sample of young women: the importance of peer influences
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Prev Med 45:31-4. 2007
    ..In adolescent girls especially, rates of cannabis use have increased over the last decade, urging the need to characterize the potential correlates of onset of cannabis use during emerging adulthood...
  54. ncbi request reprint Escalation of drug use in early-onset cannabis users vs co-twin controls
    Michael T Lynskey
    Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    JAMA 289:427-33. 2003
    ..Previous studies have reported that early initiation of cannabis (marijuana) use is a significant risk factor for other drug use and drug-related problems...
  55. pmc Does gender contribute to heterogeneity in criteria for cannabis abuse and dependence? Results from the national epidemiological survey on alcohol and related conditions
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid, Box 8134, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 88:300-7. 2007
    ..We conclude that the criteria that serve as indicators of DSM-IV cannabis abuse and dependence do not function identically in men and women and that certain criteria (e.g. hazardous use) require further refinement...
  56. ncbi request reprint A latent class analysis of illicit drug abuse/dependence: results from the National Epidemiological Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions
    Arpana Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Addiction 102:94-104. 2007
    ..We examine the co-occurrence of abuse/dependence across different illicit drugs and test associations between these classes and major psychiatric disorders...
  57. pmc Childhood sexual abuse and the course of alcohol dependence development: findings from a female twin sample
    Carolyn E Sartor
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Drug Alcohol Depend 89:139-44. 2007
    ..Findings indicate that CSA and elevated risk for AD may be linked via early age at first drink and that progression from first drink to AD follows a similar course among women with and without histories of CSA...
  58. pmc Item response modeling of DSM-IV mania symptoms in two representative US epidemiological samples
    A Agrawal
    Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Psychol Med 40:1549-58. 2010
    ..There is considerable debate surrounding the effective measurement of DSM-IV symptoms used to assess manic disorders in epidemiological samples...
  59. ncbi request reprint Screening for inhalant abuse in children and adolescents
    Michael T Lynskey
    Am Fam Physician 68:811-2. 2003
  60. ncbi request reprint Early reactions to cannabis predict later dependence
    David M Fergusson
    Christchurch Health and Development Study, Christchurch School of Medicine and Health Sciences, Christchurch, New Zealand
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 60:1033-9. 2003
    ..While there is a growing literature on the linkages between early subjective responses to nicotine and alcohol and later risks of nicotine or alcohol dependence, to date there has been no study of this issue in relation to cannabis...
  61. ncbi request reprint A possible smoking susceptibility locus on chromosome 11p12: evidence from sex-limitation linkage analyses in a sample of Australian twin families
    Katherine I Morley
    Genetic Epidemiology, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, PO Royal Brisbane Hospital, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
    Behav Genet 36:87-99. 2006
    ..We identified one region suggestive of linkage on chromosome 11p12. This locus, as well as another region identified on chromosome 6p12, replicates regions identified in previous studies...
  62. ncbi request reprint Exploring the inter-relationship of smoking age-at-onset, cigarette consumption and smoking persistence: genes or environment?
    Katherine I Morley
    Genetic Epidemiology Group, Queensland Institute of Medical Research, Queensland, Australia
    Psychol Med 37:1357-67. 2007
    ..We investigated the genetic and environmental contributions to covariation between smoking age-at-onset, cigarette consumption and smoking persistence...
  63. ncbi request reprint Trajectories of adolescent alcohol and cannabis use into young adulthood
    George C Patton
    Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Children s Research Institute, Royal Children s Hospital, University of Melbourne Victoria, Australia
    Addiction 102:607-15. 2007
    ..Both are commonly initiated in adolescence. To date little research has described trajectories of adolescent cannabis or alcohol use or compared their respective consequences in young adulthood...
  64. ncbi request reprint Life-time cannabis use and late onset mood and anxiety disorders
    Michael T Lynskey
    Addiction 102:1181-2. 2007