Scott J Luhmann

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Differentiation between septic arthritis and transient synovitis of the hip in children with clinical prediction algorithms
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:956-62. 2004
  2. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee in children and adolescents. Its role in clinical decision-making
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, One Children s Place, Suite 4S20, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:497-502. 2005
  3. ncbi request reprint Complications and outcomes of open pediatric forearm fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 24:1-6. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Acute traumatic knee effusions in children and adolescents
    Scott J Luhmann
    St John s Mercy Medical Center, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 23:199-202. 2003
  5. ncbi request reprint Complications of titanium elastic nails for pediatric femoral shaft fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 23:443-7. 2003
  6. ncbi request reprint An analysis of suboptimal outcomes of medial malleolus fractures in skeletally immature children
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 41:113-6. 2012
  7. doi request reprint Titanium elastic nailing radius and ulna fractures in adolescents
    Lindley Wall
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop B 21:482-8. 2012
  8. doi request reprint Spinal fusion for spastic neuromuscular scoliosis: is anterior releasing necessary when intraoperative halo-femoral traction is used?
    Kathryn A Keeler
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, WA University School of Medicine, One Children s Place, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:E427-33. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Urgent reduction, fixation, and arthrotomy for unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis
    Ryan C Chen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, and St Louis Children s Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 29:687-94. 2009
  10. ncbi request reprint Complications after titanium elastic nailing of pediatric tibial fractures
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:442-6. 2007

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint Differentiation between septic arthritis and transient synovitis of the hip in children with clinical prediction algorithms
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 86:956-62. 2004
    ..0 x 10(9)/L). The purpose of this study was to apply this clinical algorithm retrospectively to determine its predictive value in our patient population...
  2. ncbi request reprint Magnetic resonance imaging of the knee in children and adolescents. Its role in clinical decision-making
    Scott J Luhmann
    St Louis Children s Hospital, One Children s Place, Suite 4S20, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:497-502. 2005
    ....
  3. ncbi request reprint Complications and outcomes of open pediatric forearm fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 24:1-6. 2004
    ..Early, thorough surgical débridement produces a low frequency of deep infections, and bony stabilization can be a safe technique, permitting more anatomic alignment and preventing the need for reoperation due to malalignment...
  4. ncbi request reprint Acute traumatic knee effusions in children and adolescents
    Scott J Luhmann
    St John s Mercy Medical Center, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 23:199-202. 2003
    ..ACL injuries, meniscal tears, and patellofemoral pathology accounted for 87% (48/55) of the diagnoses. Girls were more likely to have patellofemoral pathology; boys were more likely to have ACL and meniscal tears...
  5. ncbi request reprint Complications of titanium elastic nails for pediatric femoral shaft fractures
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine and St Louis Children s Hospital, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 23:443-7. 2003
    ..Technical pitfalls exist with this implant and can be minimized by leaving less than 2.5 cm of nail out of the femur and by using the largest nail sizes possible...
  6. ncbi request reprint An analysis of suboptimal outcomes of medial malleolus fractures in skeletally immature children
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 41:113-6. 2012
    ..Based on this study, we "recom­mend" fracture reduction and fixation if there is greater than 1 mm of fracture step-off....
  7. doi request reprint Titanium elastic nailing radius and ulna fractures in adolescents
    Lindley Wall
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop B 21:482-8. 2012
    ..Flexible intramedullary nailing of both bone forearm fractures provides reliable bony union and excellent postoperative clinical results in adolescents. Level of evidence, IV...
  8. doi request reprint Spinal fusion for spastic neuromuscular scoliosis: is anterior releasing necessary when intraoperative halo-femoral traction is used?
    Kathryn A Keeler
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, WA University School of Medicine, One Children s Place, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:E427-33. 2010
    ..Retrospective radiographic and clinical study...
  9. doi request reprint Urgent reduction, fixation, and arthrotomy for unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis
    Ryan C Chen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, and St Louis Children s Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 29:687-94. 2009
    ..The management of unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is controversial. A high incidence of avascular necrosis (AVN) has been reported after unstable SCFE...
  10. ncbi request reprint Complications after titanium elastic nailing of pediatric tibial fractures
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:442-6. 2007
    ..The fixation of pediatric diaphyseal tibia fractures with titanium elastic nails is effective but has a substantial rate of delayed healing, particularly in older patients...
  11. doi request reprint Antegrade intramedullary nailing of pediatric femoral fractures using an interlocking pediatric femoral nail and a lateral trochanteric entry point
    Kathryn A Keeler
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 29:345-51. 2009
    ..Using the lateral aspect of the greater \trochanter as the starting point avoids the tenuous blood supply of the proximal femur and did not seem to produce avascular necrosis or proximal femoral deformity in early reports...
  12. ncbi request reprint Primary and delayed closure after open irrigation and debridement of septic arthritis in children
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop B 14:101-4. 2005
    ..Care should be taken in children aged 7 and older or when concurrent osteomyelitis exists...
  13. doi request reprint Correction of moderate (<70 degrees) Lenke 1A and 2A curve patterns: comparison of hybrid and all-pedicle screw systems at 2-year follow-up
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 32:253-8. 2012
    ..However, for lesser deformities, specifically coronal deformities <70 degrees, published studies have not been able to consistently demonstrate clinical superiority of all-pedicle screw constructs over hook or hybrid constructs...
  14. doi request reprint Immobilization after pinning of supracondylar distal humerus fractures in children: use of the A-frame cast
    Kathleen E McKeon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 32:e1-5. 2012
    ..The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety, efficacy, and complications associated with acute placement of this definitive cast after closed reduction percutaneous pinning (CRPP) of acute supracondylar distal humerus fractures...
  15. ncbi request reprint A randomized comparison of nitrous oxide plus hematoma block versus ketamine plus midazolam for emergency department forearm fracture reduction in children
    Jan D Luhmann
    Division of Emergency Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, One Children s Place, Suite 4S50, Campus Box 8116, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Pediatrics 118:e1078-86. 2006
    ..We compared the efficacy and adverse effects of ketamine/midazolam to those of nitrous oxide/hematoma block for analgesia and anxiolysis during forearm fracture reduction in children...
  16. ncbi request reprint Anterior/posterior spinal instrumentation versus posterior instrumentation alone for the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliotic curves more than 90 degrees
    Matthew B Dobbs
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 31:2386-91. 2006
    ..A retrospective review of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), with curves more than 90 degrees treated with either a combined anterior/posterior spinal fusion or a posterior spinal fusion alone...
  17. ncbi request reprint Thoracic adolescent idiopathic scoliosis curves between 70 degrees and 100 degrees: is anterior release necessary?
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University Medical School, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:2061-7. 2005
    ..A retrospective review of adolescents with main thoracic scoliotic curves surgically treated with either anterior release and posterior fusion or posterior fusion only...
  18. doi request reprint Complications after pinning of supracondylar distal humerus fractures
    Ravi K Bashyal
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Children s Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 29:704-8. 2009
    ..Few data exist regarding the rate of infection and other complications. The purpose of this study is to review a large series of children to evaluate the rate of infection and other complications...
  19. ncbi request reprint Diaphyseal derotational osteotomy with intramedullary fixation for correction of excessive femoral anteversion in children
    J Eric Gordon
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 25:548-53. 2005
    ....
  20. doi request reprint A treatment algorithm for stable slipped capital femoral epiphysis deformity
    Perry L Schoenecker
    Shriners Hospitals for Children, St Louis, MO 63131, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 33:S103-11. 2013
    ..The intent was to prepare a comprehensive algorithm providing necessary alternate treatment pathways for the variable slip deformity in accordance with the surgical experience/expertise of the treating surgeon...
  21. doi request reprint Revision surgery after primary spine fusion for idiopathic scoliosis
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:2191-7. 2009
    ..Retrospective case series...
  22. ncbi request reprint Arthroscopic findings at the time of patellar realignment surgery in adolescents
    Scott J Luhmann
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Children s Hospital, and Shriner s Hospital for Children, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:493-8. 2007
    ..Concomitant diagnostic arthroscopy can improve the identification of intraarticular abnormalities, both patellofemoral and nonpatellofemoral, because of the better field of view...
  23. doi request reprint Interobserver and intraobserver reliability in the evaluation of mechanical axis deviation
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 29:281-4. 2009
    ..The interobserver and intraobserver reliabilities of these measurements have not been evaluated...
  24. ncbi request reprint Treatment of rigid hypertrophic posttraumatic pseudarthrosis of the tibia in children using distraction osteogenesis
    J Eric Gordon
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Shriners Hospital for Children, and St Louis Children s Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63131, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 22:419-23. 2002
    ..Pin tract infections developed in all patients; they were treated successfully using oral antibiotics. No deep infections or other significant complications developed. Each patient was followed up for at least 1 year...
  25. ncbi request reprint Intramedullary nailing of femoral fractures in children through the lateral aspect of the greater trochanter using a modified rigid humeral intramedullary nail: preliminary results of a new technique in 15 children
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 18:416-22; discussion 423-4. 2004
    ..To evaluate the clinical results of intramedullary nailing of femoral shaft fractures using a rigid intramedullary nail placed through the lateral aspect of the greater trochanter in older children and adolescents...
  26. ncbi request reprint A comparison of monolateral and circular external fixation of unstable diaphyseal tibial fractures in children
    J Eric Gordon
    Washington University School of Medicine St Louis Children s Hospital St Louis Shriners Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop B 12:338-45. 2003
    ..Patients over the age of 12 years, particularly with comminuted fracture patterns may be more effectively treated with circular external fixation or, if treated with monolateral fixation, require close observation...
  27. ncbi request reprint Reduction of a dislocation of the hip due to developmental dysplasia. Implications for the need for future surgery
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 85:239-43. 2003
    ..We hypothesized that hips with an ossific nucleus are more likely to have subsequent reconstructive procedures...
  28. ncbi request reprint Combined midfoot osteotomy for severe forefoot adductus
    J Eric Gordon
    Washington University School of Medicine, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 23:74-8. 2003
    ..Ten patients followed-up for more than 6 years had no deterioration in results. This procedure provides effective, safe, predictable, and lasting correction of forefoot adductus...
  29. doi request reprint Validity and reliability of intraoperative monitoring in pediatric spinal deformity surgery: a 23-year experience of 3436 surgical cases
    Earl D Thuet
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University Medical Center, St Louis, MO, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 35:1880-6. 2010
    ..This was a 23-year retrospective study of 3436 consecutive pediatric orthopedic spinal surgery patients between 1995 and 2008...
  30. doi request reprint Significant change or loss of intraoperative monitoring data: a 25-year experience in 12,375 spinal surgeries
    Barry L Raynor
    Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 38:E101-8. 2013
    ..Retrospective...
  31. doi request reprint Outcomes after patellar realignment surgery for recurrent patellar instability dislocations: a minimum 3-year follow-up study of children and adolescents
    Scott J Luhmann
    Washington University School ofMedicine, St Louis Shriners Hospital for Children, and St Louis Children s Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 31:65-71. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to report early outcomes after patellar realignment surgery (PRS) was performed for patellar instability in children and adolescents...
  32. ncbi request reprint Use of femoral nerve blocks in adolescents undergoing patellar realignment surgery
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ) 37:39-43. 2008
    ..v. morphine use was statistically significantly different among the 3 groups: 9.0 mg for FNB, 26.43 mg for PRN-IV, and 64.7 mg for PCA. FNB use was effective in significantly decreasing postoperative i.v. narcotic use...
  33. ncbi request reprint Smoking and socio-economic status in the etiology and severity of Legg-Calvé-Perthes' disease
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop B 13:367-70. 2004
    ..The etiology of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease is poorly understood. An association has been found in the past between Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease and smoking as well as low socio-economic status...
  34. ncbi request reprint Femoral deformity in tibia vara
    J Eric Gordon
    St Louis Shriners Hospital for Children, 2001 South Lindbergh Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63131, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 88:380-6. 2006
    ..The availability and routine use of standing long-cassette radiographs of the lower extremities to assess angular deformities has allowed quantitative evaluation of this hypothesis...
  35. ncbi request reprint A new dynamic foot abduction orthosis for clubfoot treatment
    Ryan C Chen
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 27:522-8. 2007
    ..01). The articulating foot abduction orthosis is well tolerated by patients and parents and results in a higher compliance rate and a lower complication rate than what were observed with the traditional foot abduction orthosis...
  36. doi request reprint Intraoperative anaphylaxis secondary to intraosseous gelatin administration
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedics, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 33:e58-60. 2013
    ..They are composed of bovine and porcine gelatin matrix, respectively, that can be injected into pedicles to stop osseous bleeding during pedicle screw insertion...
  37. doi request reprint Building consensus: development of a Best Practice Guideline (BPG) for surgical site infection (SSI) prevention in high-risk pediatric spine surgery
    Michael G Vitale
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 33:471-8. 2013
    ..The ultimate goal of this initiative is to decrease the wide variability in SSI prevention strategies in this area, ultimately leading to improved patient outcomes and reduced health care costs...
  38. doi request reprint Acute compartment syndrome after intramedullary nailing of isolated radius and ulna fractures in children
    Andrew J Blackman
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine St Louis Children s Hospital St Louis Shriner s Hospital for Children, St Louis, MO
    J Pediatr Orthop 34:50-4. 2014
    ..A retrospective review of the experience with this treatment modality at our institution was performed to elucidate the rate of postoperative CS and identify risk factors for developing this complication...
  39. pmc Genetic linkage localizes an adolescent idiopathic scoliosis and pectus excavatum gene to chromosome 18 q
    Christina A Gurnett
    Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 34:E94-100. 2009
    ..A single large family, in which adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and pectus excavatum (PE) segregate as an autosomal dominant condition, was evaluated. Genome-wide linkage analysis and candidate gene sequencing were performed...
  40. pmc Financial analysis of circumferential fusion versus posterior-only with thoracic pedicle screw constructs for main thoracic idiopathic curves between 70 degrees and 100 degrees
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriner s Hospital for Children, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8233, St Louis, MO, 63110, USA
    J Child Orthop 2:105-12. 2008
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Outcome of hemiepiphyseal stapling for late-onset tibia vara
    Soo Sung Park
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Shriners Hospital for Children, St Louis, Missouri 63131, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 87:2259-66. 2005
    ..However, we are not aware of any study evaluating the intermediate-term radiographic results or complications of this procedure...
  42. doi request reprint Tapping insertional torque allows prediction for better pedicle screw fixation and optimal screw size selection
    Melvin D Helgeson
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, 8901 Wisconsin Ave, Bethesda, MD 20889, USA
    Spine J 13:957-65. 2013
    ..To date, no study has evaluated tapping IT, which precedes screw insertion, and its ability to predict pedicle screw pullout strength...
  43. ncbi request reprint Femoral lengthening over a humeral intramedullary nail in preadolescent children
    J Eric Gordon
    Washingtron University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:930-7. 2002
    ..Femoral lengthening over an intramedullary nail has been described in adults. A technique of femoral lengthening over a humeral intramedullary nail in children is described, and the results and complications are presented...
  44. ncbi request reprint Early reduction, arthrotomy, and cannulated screw fixation in unstable slipped capital femoral epiphysis treatment
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis Shriners Hospital for Children, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 22:352-8. 2002
    ..Three reported persistent mild pain in the affected hip. Early reduction of unstable hips with arthrotomy and pinning using two cannulated screws to minimize the risk of avascular necrosis is recommended...
  45. pmc Surgical treatment of traumatic pediatric humeral diaphyseal fractures with titanium elastic nails
    Sumeet Garg
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    J Child Orthop 3:121-7. 2009
    ..Some patients, however, require internal fixation either because of an inability to maintain an adequate reduction, significant soft tissue injury, or concomitant fractures...
  46. doi request reprint A randomized controlled trial of cast versus splint for distal radial buckle fracture: an evaluation of satisfaction, convenience, and preference
    Kristine G Williams
    Division of Pediatric Emergency Medicine, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    Pediatr Emerg Care 29:555-9. 2013
    ..The purposes of this study were (1) to compare cast versus splint for distal radial buckle fractures in terms of parental and patient satisfaction, convenience, and preference and (2) to compare pain reported for cast versus splint...
  47. ncbi request reprint Causes of false-negative ultrasound scans in the diagnosis of septic arthritis of the hip in children
    J Eric Gordon
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine and St Louis Schildren s Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    J Pediatr Orthop 22:312-6. 2002
    ..The authors recommend using the negative results of an ultrasound scan as evidence of the absence of septic arthritis in children with caution when symptoms have been present for <24 hours or when bilateral disease exists...
  48. pmc Adolescent patellofemoral pain: implicating the medial patellofemoral ligament as the main pain generator
    Scott J Luhmann
    Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Shriner s Hospital for Children, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8233, St Louis, 63110, MO, USA
    J Child Orthop 2:269-77. 2008
    ..The purpose of this study is to define the clinical presentation of adolescent patellofemoral pain...
  49. ncbi request reprint Use of bone morphogenetic protein-2 for adult spinal deformity
    Scott J Luhmann
    Spinal Deformity Service, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 30:S110-7. 2005
    ..Prospective, single-center, nonblinded clinical and radiographic analysis of consecutive adult deformity patients treated with recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) without iliac or rib bone graft supplementation...
  50. ncbi request reprint Emergency department management of pain and anxiety related to orthopedic fracture care: a guide to analgesic techniques and procedural sedation in children
    Robert M Kennedy
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Emergency Medicine, St Louis Children s Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110 1077, USA
    Paediatr Drugs 6:11-31. 2004
    ..A combination of local anesthesia with moderate sedation, for example nitrous oxide, is another attractive option...
  51. ncbi request reprint Surgical correction of the snapping iliopsoas tendon in adolescents
    Matthew B Dobbs
    Shriner Hospital for Children, St Louis Unit, Missouri 63131, USA
    J Bone Joint Surg Am 84:420-4. 2002
    ..We report our experience with the surgical treatment of this entity in a group of patients who had an average age of fifteen years...
  52. ncbi request reprint Management of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis
    Michael W Peelle
    Orthopaedic Spine Surgery, 88th Medical Group, Wright Patterson Air Force Base, Dayton, OH 45433, USA
    Neurosurg Clin N Am 18:575-83. 2007
    ..This article provides a core knowledge base to facilitate a more thorough comprehension of adolescent scoliosis and allow readers to understand emerging publications more readily...