M H Kollef

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus sterile-site infection: The importance of appropriate initial antimicrobial treatment
    Garrett E Schramm
    Critical Care Specialty Resident, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2069-74. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint Clinical cure and survival in Gram-positive ventilator-associated pneumonia: retrospective analysis of two double-blind studies comparing linezolid with vancomycin
    Marin H Kollef
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Washington University, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Intensive Care Med 30:388-94. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint Appropriate empirical antibacterial therapy for nosocomial infections: getting it right the first time
    Marin Kollef
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Drugs 63:2157-68. 2003
  4. doi request reprint The intensive care unit in antimicrobial resistance
    M H Koleff
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Postgrad Med 109:60-9. 2001
  5. pmc Optimizing antibiotic therapy in the intensive care unit setting
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes Jewish Hospital, Campus Box 8052, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Crit Care 5:189-95. 2001
  6. ncbi request reprint The impact of the introduction of a rapid D-dimer assay on the diagnostic evaluation of suspected pulmonary embolism
    N M Goldstein
    Campus Box 8052, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:567-71. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic resistance in the intensive care unit
    M H Kollef
    Campus Box 8052, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Ann Intern Med 134:298-314. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint The impact of nosocomial infections on patient outcomes following cardiac surgery
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 112:666-75. 1997
  9. ncbi request reprint Experience with a clinical guideline for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    E H Ibrahim
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 29:1109-15. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Inadequate antimicrobial treatment of infections: a risk factor for hospital mortality among critically ill patients
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Chest 115:462-74. 1999

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. ncbi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus sterile-site infection: The importance of appropriate initial antimicrobial treatment
    Garrett E Schramm
    Critical Care Specialty Resident, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2069-74. 2006
    ..Our second goal was to evaluate the influence of appropriate initial treatment of MRSA sterile-site infection on outcome...
  2. ncbi request reprint Clinical cure and survival in Gram-positive ventilator-associated pneumonia: retrospective analysis of two double-blind studies comparing linezolid with vancomycin
    Marin H Kollef
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Department of Internal Medicine, School of Medicine, Washington University, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Intensive Care Med 30:388-94. 2004
    ..To assess the effect of baseline variables, including treatment, on clinical cure and survival rates in patients with Gram-positive, ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)...
  3. ncbi request reprint Appropriate empirical antibacterial therapy for nosocomial infections: getting it right the first time
    Marin Kollef
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Drugs 63:2157-68. 2003
    ..Antibacterial resistance is minimised by narrowing the antibacterial regimen once the pathogens and their susceptibility profiles are determined, and by employing the shortest course of therapy clinically acceptable...
  4. doi request reprint The intensive care unit in antimicrobial resistance
    M H Koleff
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Postgrad Med 109:60-9. 2001
    ..Among these wide-ranging strategies are adequate decontamination between patient contacts, antibiotic guidelines to limit unnecessary use, and use of combination antimicrobial therapy...
  5. pmc Optimizing antibiotic therapy in the intensive care unit setting
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes Jewish Hospital, Campus Box 8052, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Crit Care 5:189-95. 2001
    ..Only in this way can the impact of interventions aimed at improving antibiotic use (e.g. antibiotic rotation, de-escalation therapy) be evaluated at the local level...
  6. ncbi request reprint The impact of the introduction of a rapid D-dimer assay on the diagnostic evaluation of suspected pulmonary embolism
    N M Goldstein
    Campus Box 8052, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Arch Intern Med 161:567-71. 2001
    ..Although this hypothesis is anticipated to decrease the use of ventilation-perfusion (VQ) scans and other diagnostic tests for PE, it has not been tested in a "real-world" environment...
  7. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic resistance in the intensive care unit
    M H Kollef
    Campus Box 8052, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Ann Intern Med 134:298-314. 2001
    ..Careful, focused attention to this problem at the local ICU level, using a multidisciplinary approach, will have the greatest likelihood of limiting the development and dissemination of antibiotic-resistant infections...
  8. ncbi request reprint The impact of nosocomial infections on patient outcomes following cardiac surgery
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 112:666-75. 1997
    ..To evaluate the relationship between nosocomial infections and clinical outcomes following cardiac surgery, and to identify risk factors for the development of nosocomial infections in this patient population...
  9. ncbi request reprint Experience with a clinical guideline for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    E H Ibrahim
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 29:1109-15. 2001
    ..These findings suggest that similar types of guidelines employing local microbiological data can be used to improve overall antibiotic utilization for the treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia...
  10. ncbi request reprint Inadequate antimicrobial treatment of infections: a risk factor for hospital mortality among critically ill patients
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Chest 115:462-74. 1999
    ..To evaluate the relationship between inadequate antimicrobial treatment of infections (both community-acquired and nosocomial infections) and hospital mortality for patients requiring ICU admission...
  11. ncbi request reprint The influence of mini-BAL cultures on patient outcomes: implications for the antibiotic management of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 113:412-20. 1998
    ..To determine the influence of mini-BAL culture results on subsequent changes in antibiotic therapy and patient outcomes...
  12. pmc Opinion: the clinical use of selective digestive decontamination
    M H Kollef
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Crit Care 4:327-32. 2000
    ..Prolonged decontamination of the aerodigestive tract with topical antimicrobials does not appear to influence outcome, and should not be routinely employed...
  13. ncbi request reprint Acute respiratory failure: a gender-based outcomes analysis
    M H Kollef
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8052, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    J Gend Specif Med 1:24-30. 1998
    ..To determine the influence of gender on patient outcomes and the delivery of medical care during mechanical ventilation for acute respiratory failure...
  14. ncbi request reprint Is there a role for antibiotic cycling in the intensive care unit?
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 29:N135-42. 2001
    ..The main goal of cycling is to allow resistance rates for specific antibiotics to decrease, or at least remain stable, when their use is periodically eliminated from the intensive care unit...
  15. ncbi request reprint Inadequate antimicrobial treatment: an important determinant of outcome for hospitalized patients
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 31:S131-8. 2000
    ..Further study evaluating the use of antibiotic practice guidelines and strategies to reduce inadequate treatment is necessary to determine their impact on patient outcomes...
  16. ncbi request reprint The occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a community hospital: risk factors and clinical outcomes
    E H Ibrahim
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Saint Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 120:555-61. 2001
    ..More importantly, they should cooperate in the development of local multidisciplinary strategies aimed at the prevention of VAP and other nosocomial infections...
  17. ncbi request reprint A randomized clinical trial of continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions in cardiac surgery patients
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Chest 116:1339-46. 1999
    ..To determine whether the application of continuous aspiration of subglottic secretions (CASS) is associated with a decreased incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)...
  18. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and risk factors for nosocomial pneumonia. Emphasis on prevention
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Clin Chest Med 20:653-70. 1999
    ..To be successful, such quality improvement programs must be embraced at the institutional level. Only in this way can hospitals hope to successfully reduce their rates of VAP and sustain or improve upon those efforts over time...
  19. ncbi request reprint Using protocols to improve the outcomes of mechanically ventilated patients. Focus on weaning and sedation
    E H Ibrahim
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes-Jewish Hospital, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
    Crit Care Clin 17:989-1001. 2001
    ..Protocols are one method for potentially reducing those delays and ensuring that medical care is administered in a more standardized and efficient manner...
  20. ncbi request reprint The effect of respiratory therapist-initiated treatment protocols on patient outcomes and resource utilization
    M H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 117:467-75. 2000
    ..Physicians frequently prescribe respiratory treatments to hospitalized patients, but the influence of such treatments on clinical outcomes is difficult to assess...
  21. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic management of ventilator-associated pneumonia due to antibiotic-resistant gram-positive bacterial infection
    M H Kollef
    Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8052, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 24:794-803. 2005
    ..Studies are needed to define the optimal choice of antibiotic for pneumonias caused by this organism, and these choices will need to be balanced with the need to minimize the emergence of resistance...
  22. ncbi request reprint Predictors of mortality for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus health-care-associated pneumonia: specific evaluation of vancomycin pharmacokinetic indices
    Meghan N Jeffres
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
    Chest 130:947-55. 2006
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Before-after study of a standardized hospital order set for the management of septic shock
    Scott T Micek
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2707-13. 2006
    ..To evaluate a standardized hospital order set for the management of septic shock in the emergency department...
  24. ncbi request reprint Healthcare-associated bloodstream infection: A distinct entity? Insights from a large U.S. database
    Andrew F Shorr
    Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2588-95. 2006
    ..To gain a better understanding of the epidemiology, microbiology, and outcomes of early-onset, culture-positive, community-acquired, healthcare-associated, and hospital-acquired bloodstream infections...
  25. ncbi request reprint Is antibiotic cycling the answer to preventing the emergence of bacterial resistance in the intensive care unit?
    Marin H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:S82-8. 2006
    ..e., antibiotic heterogeneity) can be part of a broader effort aimed at curtailing antibiotic resistance within ICUs. Such efforts should be routine, given the limited availability of new antibiotic drug classes for the foreseeable future...
  26. ncbi request reprint The intensive care unit as a research laboratory: developing strategies to prevent antimicrobial resistance
    Marin H Kollef
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 7:85-99. 2006
    ..To assemble the available clinical data on the prevention of antimicrobial resistance in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting...
  27. ncbi request reprint Providing appropriate antimicrobial therapy in the intensive care unit: surveillance vs. de-escalation
    Marin H Kollef
    Crit Care Med 34:903-5. 2006
  28. ncbi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus prolongs intensive care unit stay in ventilator-associated pneumonia, despite initially appropriate antibiotic therapy
    Andrew F Shorr
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:700-6. 2006
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Optimizing antibiotic treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Scott T Micek
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 26:204-13. 2006
    ....
  30. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and outcomes of health-care-associated pneumonia: results from a large US database of culture-positive pneumonia
    Marin H Kollef
    Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 128:3854-62. 2005
    ..Accumulating evidence suggests that health-care-associated infections are distinct from those that are truly community acquired...
  31. ncbi request reprint Ventilator-associated pneumonia: insights from recent clinical trials
    Andrew F Shorr
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Service, Department of Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Chest 128:583S-591S. 2005
    ..This review highlights selected areas of new clinical research on VAP treatment and prevention in order to place their significance in context...
  32. ncbi request reprint Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia: a "superbug" infection in community and hospital settings
    Marin H Kollef
    Chest 128:1093-7. 2005
  33. ncbi request reprint Strategies to prevent antimicrobial resistance in the intensive care unit
    Marin H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:1845-53. 2005
    ..To assemble the available clinical data for the prevention of antimicrobial resistance into practical recommendations for clinicians...
  34. ncbi request reprint Time to get serious about infection prevention in the ICU
    Marin H Kollef
    Chest 130:1293-6. 2006
  35. doi request reprint Silver-coated endotracheal tubes and incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia: the NASCENT randomized trial
    Marin H Kollef
    Washington University School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    JAMA 300:805-13. 2008
    ..Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) causes substantial morbidity. A silver-coated endotracheal tube has been designed to reduce VAP incidence by preventing bacterial colonization and biofilm formation...
  36. doi request reprint Predictors of 30-day mortality and hospital costs in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia attributed to potentially antibiotic-resistant gram-negative bacteria
    Katherine E Kollef
    Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 134:281-7. 2008
    ....
  37. doi request reprint Health care-associated pneumonia: identification and initial management in the ED
    Fredrick M Abrahamian
    David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
    Am J Emerg Med 26:1-11. 2008
    ..The aim of this article is to create awareness of the entity known as HCAP and to provide knowledge of its identification and initial management in the emergency department...
  38. doi request reprint Pneumonia caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Ethan Rubinstein
    University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Clin Infect Dis 46:S378-85. 2008
    ..This article reviews the clinical features of, diagnosis of, and therapies for MRSA pneumonia...
  39. ncbi request reprint Optimizing therapy for MRSA pneumonia
    Lee P Skrupky
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, 216 S Kingshighway Boulevard, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Semin Respir Crit Care Med 28:615-23. 2007
    ..Other treatment options are limited, but new prospects are being investigated. This paper reviews the epidemiology and pharmacotherapy of MRSA pneumonia...
  40. ncbi request reprint Correctly scoring infections: CSI in the ICU
    Marin H Kollef
    Crit Care Med 35:2641-3. 2007
  41. ncbi request reprint The modified APACHE II score outperforms Curb65 pneumonia severity score as a predictor of 30-day mortality in patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia
    Katherine E Kollef
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Ave, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 133:363-9. 2008
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Bugging the bugs: novel approaches in the strategic management of resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections
    Marin H Kollef
    Medical Intensive Care Unit and Respiratory Care Services, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 45:S163-4. 2007
  43. ncbi request reprint A retrospective analysis of possible renal toxicity associated with vancomycin in patients with health care-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus pneumonia
    Meghan N Jeffres
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Clin Ther 29:1107-15. 2007
    ....
  44. pmc Health care-associated pneumonia and community-acquired pneumonia: a single-center experience
    Scott T Micek
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:3568-73. 2007
    ..Health care providers should differentiate patients with HCAP from those with CAP in order to provide more appropriate initial antimicrobial therapy...
  45. ncbi request reprint Analysis of 30-day mortality for clostridium difficile-associated disease in the ICU setting
    Claire Kenneally
    Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8052, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 132:418-24. 2007
    ..To examine the 30-day mortality rate among patients with Clostridium difficile-associated disease (CDAD) requiring intensive care...
  46. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology, pathogenesis and treatment of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infections
    James A Driscoll
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA
    Drugs 67:351-68. 2007
    ..Multidrug-resistant P. aeruginosa may require treatment with less commonly used antibacterials (e.g. colistin), but newer anti-pseudomonal antibacterials are expected to be available in the near future...
  47. ncbi request reprint Predictors of in-hospital mortality for bloodstream infections caused by Enterobacter species or Citrobacter freundii
    Eli N Deal
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Pharmacotherapy 27:191-9. 2007
    ..To identify predictors of in-hospital mortality among patients with bacteremia caused by Enterobacter cloacae, Enterobacter aerogenes, or Citrobacter freundii...
  48. ncbi request reprint Increasing incidence of sterile-site infections due to non-multidrug-resistant, oxacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus among hospitalized patients
    Garrett E Schramm
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:95-7. 2007
    ..The annual percentage of MRSA isolates from cases of healthcare-associated and hospital-acquired infection that were susceptible to 3 or more non- beta -lactam antibiotics increased significantly...
  49. pmc Morbidity and cost burden of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in early onset ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Andrew F Shorr
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Service, Washington Hospital Center, Washington, District of Columbia, USA
    Crit Care 10:R97. 2006
    ....
  50. ncbi request reprint Delirium as detected by the CAM-ICU predicts restraint use among mechanically ventilated medical patients
    Scott T Micek
    Department of Pharmacy Barnes Jewish Hospital St Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:1260-5. 2005
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Ventilator-associated pneumonia in a multi-hospital system: differences in microbiology by location
    Hilary M Babcock
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:853-8. 2003
    ..To determine whether there were differences in the microbiologic etiologies of ventilator-associated pneumonia in different clinical settings...
  52. ncbi request reprint Linezolid vs vancomycin: analysis of two double-blind studies of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus nosocomial pneumonia
    Richard G Wunderink
    Methodist Healthcare Memphis and the University of Tennessee, Memphis, TN 38104 3499, USA
    Chest 124:1789-97. 2003
    ..To assess the effect of baseline variables, including treatment, on outcome in patients with nosocomial pneumonia due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)...
  53. ncbi request reprint The influence of infection on hospital mortality for patients requiring > 48 h of intensive care
    Steven Osmon
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 124:1021-9. 2003
    ..To determine the influence of microbiologically confirmed infection on hospital mortality among patients requiring intensive care for > 48 h...
  54. ncbi request reprint Continuation of a randomized, double-blind, multicenter study of linezolid versus vancomycin in the treatment of patients with nosocomial pneumonia
    Richard G Wunderink
    Methodist Healthcare Memphis and the University of Tennessee, Memphis, Tennessee 38104 3499, USA
    Clin Ther 25:980-92. 2003
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint Antibiotic heterogeneity: should we use it?
    Marin H Kollef
    Crit Care Med 31:2074-6. 2003
  56. ncbi request reprint The epidemiology of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus colonization in a medical intensive care unit
    David K Warren
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 24:257-63. 2003
    ..To determine the epidemiology of colonization with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus (VRE) among intensive care unit (ICU) patients...
  57. ncbi request reprint An empirical approach to the treatment of multidrug-resistant ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Marin H Kollef
    Clin Infect Dis 36:1119-21. 2003
  58. ncbi request reprint Clinical utility of blood cultures drawn from central vein catheters and peripheral venipuncture in critically ill medical patients
    Michelle Beutz
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis 63110, USA
    Chest 123:854-61. 2003
    ..To determine the sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values of blood cultures obtained through a central vein catheter compared with peripheral venipuncture...
  59. ncbi request reprint Treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia: get it right from the start
    Marin H Kollef
    Crit Care Med 31:969-70. 2003
  60. ncbi request reprint Epidemiology and outcomes of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a large US database
    Jordi Rello
    University Hospital Joan XXIII, University Rovira and Virgili, Tarragona, Spain
    Chest 122:2115-21. 2002
    ..To evaluate risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), as well as its influence on in-hospital mortality, resource utilization, and hospital charges...
  61. ncbi request reprint Effect of an education program aimed at reducing the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Jeanne E Zack
    Department of Hospital Epidemiology, Barnes Jewish Hospital, St Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 30:2407-12. 2002
    ..The purpose of the study was to determine whether an education initiative could decrease the hospital rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia...
  62. ncbi request reprint Clinical importance of delays in the initiation of appropriate antibiotic treatment for ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Manuel Iregui
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 122:262-8. 2002
    ..To determine the influence of initially delayed appropriate antibiotic treatment (IDAAT) on the outcomes of patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)...
  63. ncbi request reprint Deep vein thrombosis during prolonged mechanical ventilation despite prophylaxis
    Emad H Ibrahim
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Crit Care Med 30:771-4. 2002
    ..To determine the prevalence of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) among patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit...
  64. ncbi request reprint Endotracheal tube intraluminal volume loss among mechanically ventilated patients
    Chirag Shah
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:120-5. 2004
    ..To measure endotracheal tube intraluminal volume loss among mechanically ventilated patients...
  65. ncbi request reprint Linezolid for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a cost-effective alternative to vancomycin
    Andrew F Shorr
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:137-43. 2004
    ..To determine the incremental cost-effectiveness of linezolid compared with vancomycin for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia due to Staphylococcus aureus...
  66. ncbi request reprint Hospital mortality for patients with bacteremia due to Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    Stephen Osmon
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 125:607-16. 2004
    ..To evaluate the relationship between hospital mortality and bloodstream infections due to Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
  67. ncbi request reprint Prevention of pneumonia in the hospital setting
    Stephen B Osmon
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8052, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Clin Chest Med 26:135-42. 2005
    ..Given the evidence supporting greater morbidity, hospital mortality, and medical care costs among patients who have VAP, the prevention of this nosocomial infection should be an important priority in the hospital setting...
  68. pmc Pseudomonas aeruginosa bloodstream infection: importance of appropriate initial antimicrobial treatment
    Scott T Micek
    Department of Pharmacy, Barnes Jewish Hospital, Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8052, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 49:1306-11. 2005
    ..aeruginosa bloodstream infection. Inappropriate antimicrobial treatment of P. aeruginosa bloodstream infections may be minimized by increased use of combination antimicrobial treatment until susceptibility results become known...
  69. ncbi request reprint Prevention of hospital infection
    David K Warren
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO, USA
    Microbes Infect 7:268-74. 2005
    ..These infection-control policies also require the presence of a dedicated group of infection-control practitioners to provide education, collect surveillance data, and oversee the implementation of the local infection-control plan...
  70. ncbi request reprint Levofloxacin for treatment of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a subgroup analysis from a randomized trial
    Andrew F Shorr
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 40:S123-9. 2005
    ..imipenem-cilastatin) was not predictive of outcomes, thus suggesting that the treatment regimens were equivalent. Both levofloxacin and imipenem-cilastatin regimens were well tolerated and had similar adverse event profiles...
  71. ncbi request reprint Invasive approaches to the diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a meta-analysis
    Andrew F Shorr
    Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Crit Care Med 33:46-53. 2005
    ..g., bronchoscopy) remains unclear. We hypothesized that invasive testing would alter antibiotic management in patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia but would not necessarily alter mortality...
  72. ncbi request reprint Cycling empirical antimicrobial agents to prevent emergence of antimicrobial-resistant Gram-negative bacteria among intensive care unit patients
    David K Warren
    Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:2450-6. 2004
    ..To determine the impact of the rotation of antimicrobial agents on the rates of infection, intestinal colonization, and acquisition with antimicrobial-resistant Gram-negative bacteria...
  73. ncbi request reprint Appropriate empiric antimicrobial therapy of nosocomial pneumonia: the role of the carbapenems
    Marin H Kollef
    Department of Internal Medicine, Pulmonary Critical Care Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, Campus Box 8052, 660 South Euclid Avenue, St Louis MO 63110, USA
    Respir Care 49:1530-41. 2004
    ..The carbapenems are active against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative pathogens, including anaerobes; resistance to carbapenems remains rare...
  74. ncbi request reprint The effect of an education program on the incidence of central venous catheter-associated bloodstream infection in a medical ICU
    David K Warren
    Washington University School of Medicine, 660 South Euclid Ave, Campus Box 8052, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    Chest 126:1612-8. 2004
    ..To determine whether an education initiative could decrease the rate of catheter-associated bloodstream infection...
  75. pmc Effects of an antibiotic cycling program on antibiotic prescribing practices in an intensive care unit
    Liana R Merz
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:2861-5. 2004
    ..In conclusion, the successful implementation of this cycling protocol increased antibiotic heterogeneity over time in the study unit...
  76. ncbi request reprint An educational intervention to reduce ventilator-associated pneumonia in an integrated health system: a comparison of effects
    Hilary M Babcock
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO, USA
    Chest 125:2224-31. 2004
    ..To determine whether an educational initiative could decrease rates of ventilator-associated pneumonia in a regional health-care system...
  77. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia: from epidemiology to patient management
    Marc J M Bonten
    Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Acute Internal Medicine and Infectious Diseases, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
    Clin Infect Dis 38:1141-9. 2004
    ..In settings with high levels of antibiotic resistance, combined approaches of non-antibiotic using strategies and education programs might be most beneficial...
  78. ncbi request reprint Red blood cell transfusion and ventilator-associated pneumonia: A potential link?
    Andrew F Shorr
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Service, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC, USA
    Crit Care Med 32:666-74. 2004
    ..To determine the relationship between packed red blood cell transfusion practice and the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)...
  79. ncbi request reprint Occurrence of co-colonization or co-infection with vancomycin-resistant enterococci and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in a medical intensive care unit
    David K Warren
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, Missouri 63110, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 25:99-104. 2004
    ..To determine the occurrence of co-colonization or co-infection with VRE and MRSA among medical patients requiring intensive care...
  80. ncbi request reprint Determinants of outcome for patients admitted to a long-term ventilator unit
    Manuel Iregui
    Pulmonary and Critical Care Division, Washington University School of Medicine, St Louis, MO 63110, USA
    South Med J 95:310-7. 2002
    ..This prospective cohort study was done to identify determinants of successful weaning from mechanical ventilation among patients admitted to the 10-bed long-term ventilator unit (LTVU) of a teaching hospital...