D A Balota

Summary

Affiliation: Washington University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Summation of activation: evidence from multiple primes that converge and diverge within semantic memory
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 22:827-45. 1996
  2. ncbi request reprint The attentional control of lexical processing pathways: reversing the word frequency effect
    D A Balota
    Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Mem Cognit 28:1081-9. 2000
  3. pmc Predicting conversion to dementia of the Alzheimer's type in a healthy control sample: the power of errors in Stroop color naming
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Aging 25:208-18. 2010
  4. ncbi request reprint The English Lexicon Project
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Behav Res Methods 39:445-59. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint Cross-modal semantic and homograph priming in healthy young, healthy old, and in Alzheimer's disease individuals
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 5:626-40. 1999
  6. ncbi request reprint Subjective frequency estimates for 2,938 monosyllabic words
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    Mem Cognit 29:639-47. 2001
  7. ncbi request reprint Word frequency, repetition, and lexicality effects in word recognition tasks: beyond measures of central tendency
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 128:32-55. 1999
  8. ncbi request reprint Does expanded retrieval produce benefits over equal-interval spacing? Explorations of spacing effects in healthy aging and early stage Alzheimer's disease
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Aging 21:19-31. 2006
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual word recognition of single-syllable words
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:283-316. 2004
  10. ncbi request reprint Mental chronometry: beyond onset latencies in the lexical decision task
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 21:1289-302. 1995

Research Grants

  1. AGING AND DEVELOPMENT
    David Balota; Fiscal Year: 2007

Detail Information

Publications51

  1. ncbi request reprint Summation of activation: evidence from multiple primes that converge and diverge within semantic memory
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 22:827-45. 1996
    ..Discussion focuses on the role of attentional systems that modulate the type of information used to perform a given task...
  2. ncbi request reprint The attentional control of lexical processing pathways: reversing the word frequency effect
    D A Balota
    Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Mem Cognit 28:1081-9. 2000
    ..This reversal of the word frequency effect was not obtained for the exception words. The discussion focuses on the implication of these results for attentional control models of lexical processing...
  3. pmc Predicting conversion to dementia of the Alzheimer's type in a healthy control sample: the power of errors in Stroop color naming
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Aging 25:208-18. 2010
    ..Discussion focuses on the accumulating evidence suggesting a role of attentional control mechanisms as an early marker for the transition from healthy cognitive aging to DAT...
  4. ncbi request reprint The English Lexicon Project
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Behav Res Methods 39:445-59. 2007
    ..The present paper describes the motivation for this project, the methods used to collect the data, and the search engine that affords access to the behavioral measures and descriptive lexical statistics for these stimuli...
  5. ncbi request reprint Cross-modal semantic and homograph priming in healthy young, healthy old, and in Alzheimer's disease individuals
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 5:626-40. 1999
    ..The discussion focuses on the implication that these results have for the interpretation of semantic priming effects, in general, along with implications for the apparent semantic memory loss in DAT individuals...
  6. ncbi request reprint Subjective frequency estimates for 2,938 monosyllabic words
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130 4899, USA
    Mem Cognit 29:639-47. 2001
    ..Our discussion focuses on the utility of subjective frequency estimates compared with other estimates of familiarity. The raw subjective frequency data for all words are available at http://www.artsci.wustl.edu/dbalota/labpub.html...
  7. ncbi request reprint Word frequency, repetition, and lexicality effects in word recognition tasks: beyond measures of central tendency
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 128:32-55. 1999
    ..The implications of the results were interpreted within a hybrid 2-stage model of lexical decision performance...
  8. ncbi request reprint Does expanded retrieval produce benefits over equal-interval spacing? Explorations of spacing effects in healthy aging and early stage Alzheimer's disease
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Psychol Aging 21:19-31. 2006
    ..There was again no evidence of a difference between expanded and equal-interval conditions in final cued recall. Discussion focuses on the potential benefits and costs of expanded retrieval on a theoretical and applied level...
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual word recognition of single-syllable words
    David A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 133:283-316. 2004
    ..Discussion focuses on the utility of large-scale regression studies in providing a complementary approach to the standard factorial designs to investigate visual word recognition...
  10. ncbi request reprint Mental chronometry: beyond onset latencies in the lexical decision task
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 21:1289-302. 1995
    ..The results are viewed as most consistent with an enabled response model, wherein early operations can enable appropriate action systems before central decisions are made...
  11. ncbi request reprint Semantic, phonological, and hybrid veridical and false memories in healthy older adults and in individuals with dementia of the Alzheimer type
    J M Watson
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130-4899, USA
    Neuropsychology 15:254-67. 2001
    ..Results are discussed in terms of age- and dementia-related changes in attention and memory...
  12. ncbi request reprint Characteristics of associative learning in younger and older adults: evidence from an episodic priming paradigm
    D H Spieler
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA or
    Psychol Aging 11:607-20. 1996
    ..This spacing by test delay interaction was evident in response latency in Experiment 1 and in cued recall performance in Experiment 2...
  13. ncbi request reprint Building episodic connections: changes in episodic priming with age and dementia
    M E Faust
    Department of Psychology, University of South Alabama, Mobile 36688 0002, USA
    Neuropsychology 15:626-37. 2001
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in information-processing rate and amount: implications for group differences in response latency
    M E Faust
    Department of Psychology, University of South Alabama, Mobile 36688 0002, USA
    Psychol Bull 125:777-99. 1999
    ..The authors recommend linear regression and z-score transformations that may be used to augment traditional analyses of raw response latencies...
  15. ncbi request reprint Explorations of Cohen, Dunbar, and McClelland's (1990) connectionist model of Stroop performance
    S M Kanne
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Psychol Rev 105:174-87. 1998
    ..to fully capture performance in the Stroop task...
  16. pmc The utility of placing recollection in opposition to familiarity in early discrimination of healthy aging and very mild dementia of the Alzheimer's type
    Chi Shing Tse
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuropsychology 24:49-67. 2010
    ..Discussion focuses on the importance of attentional control systems in memory retrieval and the utility of the opposition paradigm for discriminating healthy versus pathological aging...
  17. ncbi request reprint Levels of selective attention revealed through analyses of response time distributions
    D H Spieler
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94045, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 26:506-26. 2000
    ..The authors suggest that these differences reflect the operation of different selection mechanisms, and they examine how sequential sampling models accommodate these effects...
  18. ncbi request reprint Priming and attentional control of lexical and sublexical pathways during naming
    J D Zevin
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 26:121-35. 2000
    ..It is argued that these results are consistent with an attentional control hypothesis...
  19. pmc Memory efficiency and the strategic control of attention at encoding: impairments of value-directed remembering in Alzheimer's disease
    Alan D Castel
    Department of Psychology, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Neuropsychology 23:297-306. 2009
    ..This pattern suggests that relative to healthy aging, AD leads to impairments in strategic control at encoding and value-directed remembering...
  20. ncbi request reprint Learning facts from fiction: effects of healthy aging and early-stage dementia of the Alzheimer type
    Elizabeth J Marsh
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:115-29. 2005
    ..Benefits of story reading depended on activation of the semantic network, whereas costs of story reading were more dependent on episodic memory processes...
  21. ncbi request reprint Discourse analysis of logical memory recall in normal aging and in dementia of the Alzheimer type
    David K Johnson
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Neuropsychology 17:82-92. 2003
    ..In terms of clinical implications, veridical scoring of the Logical Memory subtest provides more sensitive detection of very mild dementia of the Alzheimer type than the current standard criteria for scoring...
  22. doi request reprint Expanded vs. equal interval spaced retrieval practice: exploring different schedules of spacing and retention interval in younger and older adults
    Jessica M Logan
    Washington University, St Louis, MO, USA
    Neuropsychol Dev Cogn B Aging Neuropsychol Cogn 15:257-80. 2008
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Spatial attention and response control in healthy younger and older adults and individuals with Alzheimer's disease: evidence for disproportionate selection impairments in the Simon task
    Alan D Castel
    Department of Psychology, University of California, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1563, USA
    Neuropsychology 21:170-82. 2007
    ..The findings are discussed in terms of the special nature of the response requirements of the Simon task to better illuminate the attentional decrements in both healthy aging and early stage AD...
  24. pmc Pathway control in visual word processing: converging evidence from recognition memory
    Sean H K Kang
    Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:692-8. 2009
    ....
  25. pmc Aging reduces veridical remembering but increases false remembering: neuropsychological test correlates of remember-know judgments
    David P McCabe
    Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1876, USA
    Neuropsychologia 47:2164-73. 2009
    ..We discuss various explanations for these findings and conclude that any comprehensive explanation of recollective experience will need to account for the processes underlying both remember hits and false alarms...
  26. pmc Priming the holiday spirit: persistent activation due to extraexperimental experiences
    Jennifer H Coane
    Department of Psychology, Colby College, 5550 Mayflower Hill, Waterville, ME 04901, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:1124-8. 2009
    ..The discussion focuses on potential theoretical accounts of this heightened accessibility of time-of-the-year-relevant concepts...
  27. pmc The relationship between working memory capacity and executive functioning: evidence for a common executive attention construct
    David P McCabe
    Department of Psychology, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523 1876, USA
    Neuropsychology 24:222-43. 2010
    ..We conclude that tests of working memory capacity and executive function share a common underlying executive attention component that is strongly predictive of higher level cognition...
  28. pmc Pictures of a thousand words: investigating the neural mechanisms of reading with extremely rapid event-related fMRI
    Tal Yarkoni
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, Saint Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuroimage 42:973-87. 2008
    ..The ERR approach represents a powerful and extremely flexible new approach for studying reading and language behavior with fMRI...
  29. doi request reprint On the additive effects of stimulus quality and word frequency in lexical decision: evidence for opposing interactive influences revealed by RT distributional analyses
    Melvin J Yap
    Department of Psychology, Washington University St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:495-513. 2008
    ....
  30. pmc The utility of intraindividual variability in selective attention tasks as an early marker for Alzheimer's disease
    Janet M Duchek
    Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuropsychology 23:746-58. 2009
    ..The CoV in Stroop discriminated the performance of epsilon4 carriers from noncarriers in healthy older controls and the CoV in task switching was correlated with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers predictive of DAT...
  31. doi request reprint The effects of age and divided attention on spontaneous recognition
    Benjamin A Anderson
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Mem Cognit 39:725-35. 2011
    ..The occurrence of spontaneous recognition is discussed in relation to ability to constrain retrieval to goal-relevant information...
  32. ncbi request reprint Additive and interactive effects on response time distributions in visual word recognition
    Melvin J Yap
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:274-96. 2007
    ..These findings suggest that stimulus normalization is specific to lexical decision and is driven by the task's emphasis on familiarity-based information...
  33. ncbi request reprint Phonological blocking during picture naming in dementia of the Alzheimer type
    Mark E Faust
    Department of Psychology, University of South Alabama, AL, USA
    Neuropsychology 18:526-36. 2004
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Structure versus processing deficits in Alzheimer's disease, a matter of degree: a comment on Storms et al. (2003)
    Keith A Hutchison
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Neuropsychology 17:306-9; discussion 323-9. 2003
    ..A framework is presented for considering nonlinear performance differences as a function of attentional demands of the task, vulnerability of the semantic representation, and progression of the disease...
  35. ncbi request reprint Conscious and unconscious lexical retrieval blocking in younger and older adults
    Jessica M Logan
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, Missouri 63130, USA
    Psychol Aging 18:537-50. 2003
    ..These results suggest that certain aspects of word-finding failures in normal aging may be related to the reduced ability to control the activation of a lexical competitor when attempting to retrieve a target word...
  36. ncbi request reprint Failure to control prepotent pathways in early stage dementia of the Alzheimer's type: evidence from dichotic listening
    Janet M Duchek
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuropsychology 19:687-95. 2005
    ..Also, the right ear advantage and proportion of switches made during recall were correlated with psychometric measures of frontal lobe function in the mild Alzheimer's group but not in the very mild or healthy control groups...
  37. ncbi request reprint Attempting to avoid false memories in the Deese/Roediger-McDermott paradigm: assessing the combined influence of practice and warnings in young and old adults
    Jason M Watson
    Department of Psychology, Campus Box 1125, Washington University, One Brookings Drive, St Louis, MO 63130 4899, USA
    Mem Cognit 32:135-41. 2004
    ....
  38. ncbi request reprint Prospective memory and apolipoprotein E in healthy aging and early stage Alzheimer's disease
    Janet M Duchek
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Neuropsychology 20:633-44. 2006
    ..Discussion focuses on prospective memory as a cognitive indicator of early stage DAT...
  39. ncbi request reprint Lexical characteristics of words used in emotional Stroop experiments
    Randy J Larsen
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Emotion 6:62-72. 2006
    ..The often-replicated slowdown in color naming of emotion words may be due, in part, to lexical differences between the emotion and control words used in the majority of such studies to date...
  40. ncbi request reprint The power of personality in discriminating between healthy aging and early-stage Alzheimer's disease
    Janet M Duchek
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:P353-61. 2007
    ..Discussion focuses on the importance of personality traits as a noncognitive indicator of early-stage DAT...
  41. ncbi request reprint Semantic satiation in healthy young and older adults
    D A Balota
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    Mem Cognit 25:190-202. 1997
    ..The discussion focuses on the mechanisms underlying semantic satiation and the implications of age-related changes in these mechanisms...
  42. ncbi request reprint Part-set cuing effects in younger and older adults
    Elizabeth J Marsh
    Department of Psychology, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO, USA
    Psychol Aging 19:134-44. 2004
    ..Across experiments, older adults showed robust part-set cuing effects, and sometimes, they were disproportionately impaired by cues...
  43. ncbi request reprint Spelling via semantics and phonology: exploring the effects of age, Alzheimer's disease, and primary semantic impairment
    Michael J Cortese
    Department of Psychology, Morehead State University, 601 Ginger Hall, Morehead, KY 40351, USA
    Neuropsychologia 41:952-67. 2003
    ..We propose that deficits in attentional control (i.e. selection) underlie performance in DAT whereas disruption of semantic representations underlies performance in PSI...
  44. ncbi request reprint Failures to find suppression of episodic memories in the think/no-think paradigm
    John B Bulevich
    Washington University, St Louis, Missouri, USA
    Mem Cognit 34:1569-77. 2006
    ..None of our experiments showed reliable suppression effects with either the same or independent-probe tests. Suppression is apparently not a robust experimental phenomenon in the think/no-think paradigm...
  45. ncbi request reprint Single- versus dual-process models of lexical decision performance: insights from response time distributional analysis
    Melvin J Yap
    Department of Psychology, Washington University, St Louis, MO 63130, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 32:1324-44. 2006
    ..A single-process random-walk model was able to account for this particular set of findings more successfully than the hybrid 2-stage model...
  46. ncbi request reprint Factors influencing word naming in younger and older adults
    D H Spieler
    Department of Psychology, Stanford University, California 94305 2130, USA
    Psychol Aging 15:225-31. 2000
    ..Overall, these results suggest that lexical level factors increase in influence in older adults whereas sublexical factors decrease in influence...
  47. ncbi request reprint Dissociation of automatic and strategic lexical-semantics: functional magnetic resonance imaging evidence for differing roles of multiple frontotemporal regions
    Brian T Gold
    Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Chandler Medical Center, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40536 0298, USA
    J Neurosci 26:6523-32. 2006
    ..These studies provide reproducible evidence for a neural dissociation between three well established components of the lexical-semantic processing system...
  48. ncbi request reprint Context effects on remembering and knowing: the expectancy heuristic
    David P McCabe
    Department of PsychologyColorado State University, Fort Collins, CO 80523, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 33:536-49. 2007
    ....
  49. ncbi request reprint Exploring semantic memory by investigating buildup and release of proactive interference in healthy older adults and individuals with dementia of the Alzheimer type
    Kristi S Multhaup
    Davidson College, Davidson, North Carolina 28035 7000, USA
    J Int Neuropsychol Soc 9:830-8. 2003
    ..The DAT group's significant buildup and release of PI based on semantic categories suggest predominantly preserved semantic memory activity, at least, in early-stage DAT individuals...
  50. ncbi request reprint Dissociating the influence of familiarity and meaningfulness from word frequency in naming and lexical decision performance
    Lucia Colombo
    University of Padua, Padua, Italy
    Mem Cognit 34:1312-24. 2006
    ..These dimensions may be cued both by subjective feelings of familiarity and the extent to which semantic information is available and by episodic traces due to recent encounters with the item...
  51. ncbi request reprint Predicting semantic priming at the item level
    Keith A Hutchison
    Dept of Psychology, 304 Traphagen Hall, College of Letters and Science, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59717 3440, USA
    Q J Exp Psychol (Hove) 61:1036-66. 2008
    ..Moreover, the current findings lend support to spreading activation and feature overlap theories of priming, but do not support priming based upon contextual similarity as captured by LSA...

Research Grants3

  1. AGING AND DEVELOPMENT
    David Balota; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The proposed program will allow continuation of our efforts to meet these needs. ..