David W Niebuhr

Summary

Affiliation: Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Attrition of military enlistees with a medical waiver for myopia, 1999-2001
    William C Otto
    Division of Biometrics and Preventive Medicine, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Mil Med 171:1137-41. 2006
  2. ncbi request reprint A review of initial entry training discharges at Fort Leonard Wood, MO, for accuracy of discharge classification type: fiscal year 2003
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 171:1142-6. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Assessment of recruit motivation and strength study: preaccession physical fitness assessment predicts early attrition
    David W Niebuhr
    Accession Medical Standards Analysis and Research Activity, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 173:555-62. 2008
  4. ncbi request reprint Selected infectious agents and risk of schizophrenia among U.S. military personnel
    David W Niebuhr
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20901
    Am J Psychiatry 165:99-106. 2008
  5. doi request reprint Association between bovine casein antibody and new onset schizophrenia among US military personnel
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Schizophr Res 128:51-5. 2011
  6. ncbi request reprint Personality Assessment Questionnaire as a pre-accession screen for risk of mental disorders and early attrition in U. S. Army recruits
    David W Niebuhr
    Department of Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
    Psychol Serv 10:378-85. 2013
  7. ncbi request reprint A noncognitive temperament test to predict risk of mental disorders and attrition in U.S. Army recruits
    Marlene E Gubata
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 177:374-9. 2012
  8. ncbi request reprint Temporary disability retirement cases: variations in time to final disposition and disability rating by service and medical condition
    Amanda L Piccirillo
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 177:417-22. 2012
  9. doi request reprint National estimates of seroincidence and seroprevalence for herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 among US military adults aged 18 to 29 years
    William F Page
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 39:241-50. 2012
  10. pmc Results from a hypothesis generating case-control study: herpes family viruses and schizophrenia among military personnel
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20901, USA
    Schizophr Bull 34:1182-8. 2008

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications40

  1. ncbi request reprint Attrition of military enlistees with a medical waiver for myopia, 1999-2001
    William C Otto
    Division of Biometrics and Preventive Medicine, Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences, Bethesda, MD 20814, USA
    Mil Med 171:1137-41. 2006
    ..Military service requires physical fitness, including vision within set standards. Premature attrition inflicts a considerable manpower and fiscal burden upon the military...
  2. ncbi request reprint A review of initial entry training discharges at Fort Leonard Wood, MO, for accuracy of discharge classification type: fiscal year 2003
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 171:1142-6. 2006
    ..This study examines the extent to which discharges from Initial Entry Training can be adequately characterized by the current policy of a single descriptive category...
  3. ncbi request reprint Assessment of recruit motivation and strength study: preaccession physical fitness assessment predicts early attrition
    David W Niebuhr
    Accession Medical Standards Analysis and Research Activity, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 173:555-62. 2008
    ..The Assessment of Recruit Motivation and Strength (ARMS) study was designed to pilot-test the use of a physical fitness screening tool for Army applicants before basic training...
  4. ncbi request reprint Selected infectious agents and risk of schizophrenia among U.S. military personnel
    David W Niebuhr
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20901
    Am J Psychiatry 165:99-106. 2008
    ..gondii antibodies among individuals discharged from the U.S. military with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and serum specimens available from both before and after diagnosis...
  5. doi request reprint Association between bovine casein antibody and new onset schizophrenia among US military personnel
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Schizophr Res 128:51-5. 2011
    ..Additional research is required to elucidate the complex genetic environmental interactions involved in the pathogenesis of schizophrenia and to identify potentially modifiable risk factors...
  6. ncbi request reprint Personality Assessment Questionnaire as a pre-accession screen for risk of mental disorders and early attrition in U. S. Army recruits
    David W Niebuhr
    Department of Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research
    Psychol Serv 10:378-85. 2013
    ..TAPAS may augment current cognitive and educational screens and potentially reduce the burden of mental disorders and premature attrition...
  7. ncbi request reprint A noncognitive temperament test to predict risk of mental disorders and attrition in U.S. Army recruits
    Marlene E Gubata
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 177:374-9. 2012
    ..Applicants have a strong incentive to appear qualified, which has resulted in a long history of frequent mental health conditions presenting during recruit training...
  8. ncbi request reprint Temporary disability retirement cases: variations in time to final disposition and disability rating by service and medical condition
    Amanda L Piccirillo
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 177:417-22. 2012
    ..Information is sparse on the epidemiology of the TDRL population and factors influencing time spent on the TDRL or changes in compensation ratings before final disability outcome...
  9. doi request reprint National estimates of seroincidence and seroprevalence for herpes simplex virus type 1 and type 2 among US military adults aged 18 to 29 years
    William F Page
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 39:241-50. 2012
    ..The US military offers a potential population to derive national seroincidence rate estimates for young adults (ages 18-29)...
  10. pmc Results from a hypothesis generating case-control study: herpes family viruses and schizophrenia among military personnel
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20901, USA
    Schizophr Bull 34:1182-8. 2008
    ..As part of a larger research program, we conducted a hypothesis-generating case-control study of selected herpes virus antibodies among individuals discharged from the US military with schizophrenia and pre- and postdiagnosis sera...
  11. ncbi request reprint Association of weight at enlistment with enrollment in the Army Weight Control Program and subsequent attrition in the Assessment of Recruit Motivation and Strength Study
    Sheryl A Bedno
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 175:188-93. 2010
    ..9%, p < 0.001), there were only 10 (0.5% of total) discharges directly attributed to weight. Granting overweight waivers through the ARMS program increases enrollment to the AWCP but has little effect on weight-related attrition...
  12. doi request reprint A prospective study of physical fitness, obesity, and the subsequent risk of mental disorders among healthy young adults in army training
    Marlene E Gubata
    Department of Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, United States
    J Psychosom Res 75:43-8. 2013
    ..The role of fitness and physical activity in the prevention of mental health disorders is not well established, but epidemiologic data suggest that physical activity can protect against anxiety and depression...
  13. ncbi request reprint Preaccession fitness and body composition as predictors of attrition in U.S. Army recruits
    David W Niebuhr
    Accession Medical Standards Analysis and Research Activity, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 174:695-701. 2009
    ..65) among females and 1.23 (95% CI: 0.95, 1.58) among males. This study indicates that physically fit recruits who exceeded weight/body-fat standards were equally capable of serving at least 180 days compared to those who met standards...
  14. doi request reprint Accession medical waivers and deployment duration in the U.S. Army
    Marlene E Gubata
    Department of Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 178:625-30. 2013
    ..These findings show that those with an accession medical waiver were not more likely to have shorter deployments or more likely to return early from deployment than those without waivers...
  15. doi request reprint Pre-enlistment hearing loss and hearing loss disability among US soldiers and marines
    Marlene E Gubata
    Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Noise Health 15:289-95. 2013
    ..S military. Industrial corporations or labor unions may also benefit from identifying individuals with moderate hearing loss at the time of employment to ensure use of personal protective equipment and engineer controls of noise. ..
  16. doi request reprint Temporal trends in the epidemiology of disabilities related to posttraumatic stress disorder in the U.S. Army and Marine Corps from 2005-2010
    Elizabeth R Packnett
    Preventive Medicine Branch, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, USA
    J Trauma Stress 25:485-93. 2012
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of data obtained from military disability medical administrative databases for service members with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder
    Amy M Millikan
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 172:1032-8. 2007
    ..To assess potential diagnostic misclassification and to estimate the date of illness onset, we reviewed medical records for a subset of cases...
  18. doi request reprint Body mass index, medical qualification status, and discharge during the first year of US Army service
    Elizabeth R Packnett
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 93:608-14. 2011
    ..The high prevalence of overweight and obesity in military recruits and in the US population as a whole necessitates understanding the health effects of body composition and associated morbidity...
  19. doi request reprint Incidence of adult onset schizophrenic disorders in the US military: patterns by sex, race and age
    David N Cowan
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Department of Epidemiology, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Schizophr Res 127:235-40. 2011
    ..We describe the incidence of hospitalization for new onset schizophrenic disorders among military members by sex, race, and age...
  20. doi request reprint Psychiatric and general medical conditions comorbid with bipolar disorder in the National Hospital Discharge Survey
    Natalya S Weber
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 62:1152-8. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to identify comorbid disorders and compare their prevalence in hospitalizations of persons with or without bipolar disorder...
  21. ncbi request reprint Exertional heat illness among overweight U.S. Army recruits in basic training
    Sheryl A Bedno
    Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 81:107-11. 2010
    ..S. military may lead to an increase in heat-related events. This study compares the risk of heat illness among U.S. Army recruits who exceeded body fat standards at accession to those who met standards...
  22. doi request reprint Step test performance and risk of stress fractures among female army trainees
    David N Cowan
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Preventive Medicine Branch, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver SpringMD20910, USA
    Am J Prev Med 42:620-4. 2012
    ..Several risk factors have been postulated, particularly pre-existing fitness, usually assessed with post-entry run time for ≥ 1.0 mile...
  23. ncbi request reprint Descriptive epidemiology of bipolar I disorder among United States military personnel
    Natalya S Weber
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 175:247-51. 2010
    ..This population provides insight into adult onset bipolar I disorder incidence and demographic patterns not available elsewhere and offers potential opportunities to improve its understanding...
  24. ncbi request reprint Self-reported physical activity and preaccession fitness testing in U.S. Army applicants
    Marlene E Gubata
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 176:922-5. 2011
    ..This study demonstrates that self-reported physical activity was associated with physical fitness and may be used to identify those at risk of failing a preaccession fitness test...
  25. ncbi request reprint U.S. military recruits waived for pathological curvature of the spine: increased risk of discharge from service
    Sheryl A Bedno
    Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 176:519-23. 2011
    ..Policy makers must consider risks and benefits before modifying the current accession standard for spinal curvature...
  26. pmc Descriptive epidemiology and underlying psychiatric disorders among hospitalizations with self-directed violence
    Natalya S Weber
    Preventive Medicine Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 8:e59818. 2013
    ..While many studies have focused on suicides, the epidemiology of non-fatal self-directed violence is not well-defined...
  27. doi request reprint Trends in the epidemiology of disability related to traumatic brain injury in the US Army and Marine Corps: 2005 to 2010
    Marlene E Gubata
    Department of Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, Maryland Drs Gubata, Niebuhr, and Cowan and Mss Packnett, Blandford, and Piccirillo and Allied Technology Group, Inc, Rockville, Maryland Mss Packnett, Blandford, and Piccirillo and Dr Cowan
    J Head Trauma Rehabil 29:65-75. 2014
    ..This study describes the demographic, service-related, and disability characteristics of Soldiers and Marines referred for combat-related TBI disability evaluation...
  28. doi request reprint Association between antibodies to multiple infectious and food antigens and new onset schizophrenia among US military personnel
    Yuanzhang Li
    Preventive Medicine Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, United States
    Schizophr Res 151:36-42. 2013
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Retention of mild asthmatics in the navy (REMAIN): a low-risk approach to giving mild asthmatics an opportunity for military service
    Amy M Millikan
    Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910 7500, USA
    Mil Med 173:381-7. 2008
    ..Rising U.S. asthma prevalence will be reflected in military applicants. We studied retaining mild asthmatics on active duty...
  30. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for back-related disability in the US Army and Marine Corps
    Marlene E Gubata
    Department of Epidemiology, Preventive Medicine Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD and Mission Solutions and Services, ManTech International Corporation, Herndon, VA
    Spine (Phila Pa 1976) 39:745-53. 2014
    ..Matched case-control epidemiological study...
  31. ncbi request reprint Descriptive epidemiology and natural history of idiopathic venous thromboembolism in U.S. active duty enlisted personnel, 1998-2007
    Randall J Freeman
    Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 176:537-43. 2011
    ..Health care providers must maintain a high index of suspicion for venous thromboembolism to minimize adverse sequelae affecting health, unit readiness, and medical costs...
  32. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric and general medical conditions comorbid with schizophrenia in the National Hospital Discharge Survey
    Natalya S Weber
    Department of Epidemiology, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Ave, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 60:1059-67. 2009
    ..This study determined types of comorbid disorders and their prevalence among hospitalized patients with and without schizophrenia...
  33. doi request reprint Risk factors for disability retirement among active duty Air Force personnel
    Hoda Elmasry
    Preventive Medicine Program, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Avenue, Silver Spring, MD 20910
    Mil Med 179:5-10. 2014
    ..To determine risk factors for disability retirement in Air Force personnel, as well as the conditions contributing to disability retirement...
  34. ncbi request reprint Risk factors for disability retirement among healthy adults joining the U.S. Army
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, 503 Robert Grant Road, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 176:170-5. 2011
    ..Little is known about the impact of military and demographic factors, particularly deployment, occupation, and pre-existing medical status, on disability retirement...
  35. doi request reprint Hypoplastic left heart syndrome in US military family members: trends in intervention, survival, and prevalence
    John S Scott
    Military Casualty Research Division, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20907, USA
    Congenit Heart Dis 2:19-26. 2007
    ..We hypothesized that increased rates of intervention and survival would produce a demonstrable increase in prevalence in this population...
  36. ncbi request reprint Rising hepatitis A immunity in U.S. military recruits
    Remington L Nevin
    Army Medical Surveillance Activity, US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 172:787-93. 2007
    ..Recently, the Armed Forces Epidemiological Board recommended serologic screening where feasible to reduce redundant recruit immunizations...
  37. ncbi request reprint Attrition of U.S. military enlistees with waivers for hearing deficiency, 1995-2004
    David W Niebuhr
    Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Division of Preventive Medicine, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
    Mil Med 172:63-9. 2007
    ..Hearing deficiency is the condition for which accession medical waivers are most commonly granted. The retention of individuals entering service with a waiver for hearing deficiency has not been previously studied...
  38. ncbi request reprint A comparison of the military entrance processing station screening audiogram with the Defense Occupational and Environmental Health Readiness System reference audiogram at Fort Sill, Oklahoma, in 2000
    David W Niebuhr
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Walter Reed Army Institute of Research, Silver Spring, MD 20910 7500, USA
    Mil Med 171:117-21. 2006
    ..Nevertheless, it has been proposed that the MEPS screen be used as the reference because of limited resources and time during IET medical in-processing...
  39. ncbi request reprint Attrition of military enlistees with a medical waiver for chronic headache, 1995-2000
    Christopher Jankosky
    U S Pacific Fleet, Pearl Harbor, HI 96860
    Mil Med 171:1235-8. 2006
    ..Recurrent headaches are disqualifying for military service if they are of sufficient severity or frequency to interfere with normal function in the past 3 years. The occupational impact of waiving this standard is evaluated...
  40. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis B immunity in United States military recruits
    Paul T Scott
    Army Medical Surveillance Activity, US Army Center for Health Promotion and Preventive Medicine, Washington, DC, USA
    J Infect Dis 191:1835-41. 2005
    ..A DoD study reported that screening for immunity with selective immunization would be cost-effective at a prevalence of immunity of >12%. The prevalence of hepatitis B immunity in the military recruit population was unknown...