Clinton K Murray

Summary

Affiliation: Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Acinetobacter skin carriage among US army soldiers deployed in Iraq
    Matthew E Griffith
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:720-2. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, and elevated temperature as predictors of bloodstream infection in burn patients
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Arch Surg 142:639-42. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint Diminished vancomycin and daptomycin susceptibility during prolonged bacteremia with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Jason W Bennett
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 60:437-40. 2008
  4. doi request reprint Infections in combat casualties during Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 66:S138-44. 2009
  5. ncbi request reprint Acinetobacter infection: what was the true impact during the Vietnam conflict?
    Clinton K Murray
    Department of Medicine, Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:383-4. 2006
  6. doi request reprint Twenty-five year epidemiology of invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates recovered at a burn center
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 35:1112-7. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Occupational exposure to blood and other bodily fluids at a military hospital in Iraq
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 66:S62-8. 2009
  8. doi request reprint Incidence of systemic fungal infection and related mortality following severe burns
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 34:1108-12. 2008
  9. doi request reprint Infectious disease complications of combat-related injuries
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:S358-64. 2008
  10. doi request reprint Acinetobacter infection in the ICU
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Crit Care Clin 24:237-48, vii. 2008

Detail Information

Publications118 found, 100 shown here

  1. ncbi request reprint Acinetobacter skin carriage among US army soldiers deployed in Iraq
    Matthew E Griffith
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:720-2. 2007
    ..This observation refutes the hypothesis that preinjury skin carriage serves as the reservoir for the Acinetobacter infections seen in US military combat casualties...
  2. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, and elevated temperature as predictors of bloodstream infection in burn patients
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Arch Surg 142:639-42. 2007
    ..To investigate whether specific values of or changes in temperature, white blood cell count, or neutrophil percentage were predictive of bloodstream infection in burn patients...
  3. ncbi request reprint Diminished vancomycin and daptomycin susceptibility during prolonged bacteremia with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Jason W Bennett
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 60:437-40. 2008
    ..The MRSA strain developed diminished susceptibility to vancomycin (MIC increase and tolerance), daptomycin, and gentamicin, and resistance to rifampin during therapy...
  4. doi request reprint Infections in combat casualties during Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 66:S138-44. 2009
    ..The Joint Theater Trauma Registry (JTTR) has been established to collect injury specific medical data from casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan...
  5. ncbi request reprint Acinetobacter infection: what was the true impact during the Vietnam conflict?
    Clinton K Murray
    Department of Medicine, Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 43:383-4. 2006
  6. doi request reprint Twenty-five year epidemiology of invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates recovered at a burn center
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 35:1112-7. 2009
    ..Continued active surveillance and aggressive infection control strategies are recommended to prevent the spread of community-acquired MRSA to this burn unit...
  7. doi request reprint Occupational exposure to blood and other bodily fluids at a military hospital in Iraq
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 66:S62-8. 2009
    ....
  8. doi request reprint Incidence of systemic fungal infection and related mortality following severe burns
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 34:1108-12. 2008
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Infectious disease complications of combat-related injuries
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:S358-64. 2008
    ..These strategies allow patients to survive near-catastrophic injuries, placing a greater emphasis on the medical infrastructure to mitigate short- and long-term complications associated with these injuries...
  10. doi request reprint Acinetobacter infection in the ICU
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Crit Care Clin 24:237-48, vii. 2008
    ..Infection control and antibiotic control measures might have the greatest impact on these bacteria. Continued efforts are needed to develop new antimicrobial agents against this pathogen and assess the ideal currently available agents...
  11. ncbi request reprint An approach to prevention of infectious diseases during military deployments
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:424-30. 2007
    ..Many of the components of military deployment medicine are applicable to civilian disaster relief and humanitarian missions...
  12. ncbi request reprint The remote diagnosis of malaria using telemedicine or e-mailed images
    Clinton K Murray
    Department of Medicine, Walter Reed Army Medical Center, Washington, DC 20307, USA
    Mil Med 171:1167-71. 2006
    ..Correct speciation ranged from 45% to 83% across various transmission methods and Bw. The use of telemedicine and e-mail technology shows promise for the remote diagnosis of malaria...
  13. doi request reprint Prevention and management of infections associated with combat-related extremity injuries
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S239-51. 2008
    ..Most of the recommendations are not supported by randomized controlled trials or adequate cohorts studies in a military population and further efforts are needed to answer best treatment strategies...
  14. doi request reprint Epidemiology of infections associated with combat-related injuries in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S232-8. 2008
    ..In addition, the likely sources of combat-related injuries with multidrug resistant bacteria infections are explored...
  15. doi request reprint History of infections associated with combat-related injuries
    Clinton K Murray
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S221-31. 2008
    ..This article reviews the history of war wound infections, with an emphasis on wound microbiology and combat casualty management during US conflicts from World War I through the end of 20th century...
  16. ncbi request reprint Infections in burns
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, USA
    J Trauma 62:S73. 2007
  17. pmc Update on rapid diagnostic testing for malaria
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Clin Microbiol Rev 21:97-110. 2008
    ..This review highlights RDTs, including challenges in assessing their performance, internationally available RDTs, their effectiveness in various health care settings, and the selection of RDTs for different health care systems...
  18. ncbi request reprint Treatment of multidrug resistant Acinetobacter
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Curr Opin Infect Dis 18:502-6. 2005
    ..This review summarizes the most recent literature pertaining to the clinical management of infections with this bacteria emphasizing in-vitro antimicrobial resistance patterns and antimicrobial efficacy in animals and humans...
  19. doi request reprint Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus in wound cultures recovered from a combat support hospital in Iraq
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 69:S102-8. 2010
    ..aureus (CA-MRSA) strains seem to produce severe disease but retain susceptibility to many oral antimicrobials. This study characterizes 84 MRSA isolates recovered from wound cultures at a combat support hospital in Iraq...
  20. ncbi request reprint Medical problems of detainees after the conclusion of major ground combat during Operation Iraqi Freedom
    Clinton K Murray
    1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Infantry Division, APO AE 09394
    Mil Med 170:501-4. 2005
    ..Medical problems not traditionally dealt with in a combat theater, including management of transplant recipients, patients with cardiac valve replacement, and cancer patient, were also seen...
  21. ncbi request reprint Susceptibility of Leptospira serovars to antimalarial agents
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 71:685-6. 2004
    ..The only agents identified with the potential to treat both infections other than doxycycline (MIC(90) = 1.56 microg/mL) were azithromycin (MIC(90) = 0.002 microg/mL) and clindamycin (MIC(90) = 0.2 microg/mL)...
  22. ncbi request reprint Short report: Treatment failure in Hansen's disease
    Clinton K Murray
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6200, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 68:233-4. 2003
    ..The accurate diagnosis of relapse of this disease is essential not only in the individual patient but also for prospective treatment trials to establish best practices...
  23. doi request reprint Infections complicating the care of combat casualties during operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom
    Clinton K Murray
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S62-73. 2011
    ..We examine the Joint Theater Trauma Registry (JTTR) for infections and potential risk factors, such as transfusions, among Iraq and Afghanistan trauma patients...
  24. ncbi request reprint Rapid diagnostic testing for malaria
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Diseases Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, San Antonio, TX 78234 6200, USA
    Trop Med Int Health 8:876-83. 2003
    ....
  25. doi request reprint Use of patient-specific Leptospira isolates in the diagnosis of leptospirosis employing microscopic agglutination testing (MAT)
    Clinton K Murray
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 105:209-13. 2011
    ..However, the serovar with the highest titers did not match the cultured serovar. Region-specific MATs did not appear to be reliable in detection of infection or in identifying the infecting serovar...
  26. doi request reprint Oral antibiotics for infections due to multidrug-resistant Gram-negative organisms
    Jessie S Glasser
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    Scand J Infect Dis 43:649-51. 2011
    ..E. coli and K. pneumoniae susceptibilities increased by combining amoxicillin-clavulanic acid and cefdinir...
  27. doi request reprint Correlation of American Burn Association sepsis criteria with the presence of bacteremia in burned patients admitted to the intensive care unit
    Brian K Hogan
    The San Antonio Military Medical Center SAMMC, Texas 78234, USA
    J Burn Care Res 33:371-8. 2012
    ..638 (95% confidence interval 0.573-0.704; P < .001). Among severe burn patients, the ABA trigger for sepsis did not correlate strongly with bacteremia in this retrospective chart review...
  28. ncbi request reprint Bacteriology of war wounds at the time of injury
    Clinton K Murray
    Department of Medicine, Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Mil Med 171:826-9. 2006
    ..These data suggest that the use of broad-spectrum antibiotics with efficacy against more resistant, Gram-negative bacteria, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp., is unnecessary in early wound management...
  29. ncbi request reprint Bacteria recovered from patients admitted to a deployed U.S. military hospital in Baghdad, Iraq
    Heather C Yun
    Infectious Diseases Department, Wilford Hall US Air Force Medical Center, San Antonio, TX 78236, USA
    Mil Med 171:821-5. 2006
    ..These differences in prevalence were all statistically significant, when compared in chi2 analyses (p < 0.05). Antimicrobial susceptibility testing demonstrated broad resistance among the Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria...
  30. ncbi request reprint Infectious complications of noncombat trauma patients provided care at a military trauma center
    Heather C Yun
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Mil Med 175:317-23. 2010
    ..In burned patients, infection was associated with total body surface area burned and preexisting conditions (p < 0.01). Enhanced infection control in targeted trauma populations may improve outcomes...
  31. ncbi request reprint Changes in the incidences of multidrug-resistant and extensively drug-resistant organisms isolated in a military medical center
    Edward F Keen
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 31:728-32. 2010
    ..Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa have emerged as the causes of nosocomial infections in critically ill patients...
  32. pmc Antimicrobial susceptibilities of geographically diverse clinical human isolates of Leptospira
    Roseanne A Ressner
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 52:2750-4. 2008
    ..There appears to be possible variability in susceptibility to some antimicrobial agents among strains, suggesting that more extensive testing to look for geographic variability should be pursued...
  33. doi request reprint Detection of methicillin-resistant and methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus colonization of healthy military personnel by traditional culture, PCR, and mass spectrometry
    Ashley G Shaw
    From the 1 San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas
    Scand J Infect Dis 45:752-9. 2013
    ..Detection methods for MRSA/MSSA colonization include culture, PCR, and novel methods such as PCR/electrospray ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS)...
  34. doi request reprint Variations of CHROMagar Acinetobacter to detect imipenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex
    Alice Barsoumian
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Scand J Infect Dis 45:446-52. 2013
    ..We examined various combinations of available media to detect imipenem resistance among 107 ABC clinical isolates...
  35. pmc Efficacy of fluoroquinolones against Leptospira interrogans in a hamster model
    Matthew E Griffith
    Infectious Disease Service, MCHE MDI, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:2615-7. 2007
    ..Each agent produced a statistically significant survival advantage compared to no treatment and demonstrated survival similar to that seen with doxycycline therapy...
  36. doi request reprint Longitudinal characterization of Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex, Klebsiella pneumoniae, and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus colonizing and infecting combat casualties
    Rebekah A Sensenig
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Am J Infect Control 40:183-5. 2012
    ..The same is true for serial infecting isolates recovered during hospitalization...
  37. ncbi request reprint Association of bacterial colonization at the time of presentation to a combat support hospital in a combat zone with subsequent 30-day colonization or infection
    Robert L Kaspar
    Department of Medicine, Darnall Army Medical Center, Fort Hood, TX, USA
    Mil Med 174:899-903. 2009
    ..Carefully obtained screening cultures immediately after injury combined with look-back monitoring supports the role of nosocomial transmission. Consistent infection control strategies are needed for the entire MHS...
  38. doi request reprint Multidrug-resistant bacterial colonization of combat-injured personnel at admission to medical centers after evacuation from Afghanistan and Iraq
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S52-7. 2011
    ..Admission screening for MDRO colonization has been established to monitor this problem and effectiveness of responses to it...
  39. pmc In vitro and in vivo activity of first generation cephalosporins against Leptospira
    Brande M Harris
    Department of Medicine, Wilford Hall Medical Center, Lackland Air Force Base, Texas, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 85:905-8. 2011
    ..01), and none of the therapies, regardless of dose, was statistically significantly different than doxycycline. These results support a potential role for first generation cephalosporins as alternative therapies for leptospirosis...
  40. ncbi request reprint Contribution of bacterial and viral infections to attributable mortality in patients with severe burns: an autopsy series
    Laurie C D'Avignon
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 36:773-9. 2010
    ..aureus remain the most common cause of bacteria related mortality early in the hospital course. Viral infections are also associated with mortality and numbers have remained stable when compared to data from prior years...
  41. pmc Staphylococcus aureus colonization of healthy military service members in the United States and Afghanistan
    Todd J Vento
    Brooke Army Medical Center San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 13:325. 2013
    ..We conducted a pilot study to screen non-deployed and deployed healthy military service members for MRSA/MSSA colonization at various anatomic sites and assessed isolates for molecular differences...
  42. pmc Multidrug-resistant gram-negative bacteria colonization of healthy US military personnel in the US and Afghanistan
    Todd J Vento
    Brooke Army Medical Center San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 13:68. 2013
    ..The US military has seen steady increases in multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative bacteria (GNB) infections in casualties from Iraq and Afghanistan. This study evaluates the prevalence of MDR GNB colonization in US military personnel...
  43. pmc Comparison of PCR/electron spray ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry versus traditional clinical microbiology for active surveillance of organisms contaminating high-use surfaces in a burn intensive care unit, an orthopedic ward and healthcare wor
    Heather C Yun
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, San Antonio, TX, USA
    BMC Infect Dis 12:252. 2012
    ..Understanding nosocomial pathogen transmission is restricted by culture limitations. Novel platforms, such as PCR-based electron spray ionization-time-of-flight-mass spectrometry (ESI-TOF-MS), may be useful as investigational tools...
  44. doi request reprint Outcomes of bacteremia in burn patients involved in combat operations overseas
    Roseanne A Ressner
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 206:439-44. 2008
    ..It is currently unclear if bacteremia with these multidrug-resistant organisms in OIF/OEF burn casualties is associated with increased mortality...
  45. doi request reprint Guidelines for the prevention of infections associated with combat-related injuries: 2011 update: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Surgical Infection Society
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S210-34. 2011
    ....
  46. pmc Aminoglycoside resistance and susceptibility testing errors in Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex
    Kevin S Akers
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6200, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 48:1132-8. 2010
    ..Determination of the relative contribution of multiple concurrent resistance mechanisms may improve our understanding of aminoglycoside resistance in the Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex...
  47. ncbi request reprint Efficacy of caspofungin and posaconazole in a murine model of disseminated Exophiala infection
    Robert G Rivard
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    Med Mycol 45:685-9. 2007
    ..Amphotericin B and posaconazole reduced fungal burden. Posaconazole and caspofungin appear to have potential for use in treatment of this rare infection...
  48. pmc Detection of simulated candidemia by the BACTEC 9240 system with plus aerobic/F and anaerobic/F blood culture bottles
    Lynn L Horvath
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:4714-7. 2003
    ..glabrata is clinically significant. Given the high rate of false negatives, terminal subcultures may be helpful in certain situations...
  49. doi request reprint In vitro toxicity and activity of Dakin's solution, mafenide acetate, and amphotericin B on filamentous fungi and human cells
    Alice Barsoumian
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    J Orthop Trauma 27:428-36. 2013
    ..We evaluated the in vitro activity of topical agents in varying combinations and concentrations against molds from patients that were responsible for wound invasive fungal infections and the topical agents' toxicity to human cells...
  50. doi request reprint Evaluation of potential environmental contamination sources for the presence of multidrug-resistant bacteria linked to wound infections in combat casualties
    Edward F Keen
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 33:905-11. 2012
    ..To determine whether multidrug-resistant (MDR) gram-negative organisms are present in Afghanistan or Iraq soil samples, contaminate standard deployed hospital or modular operating rooms (ORs), or aerosolize during surgical procedures...
  51. pmc Carbapenem susceptibility testing errors using three automated systems, disk diffusion, Etest, and broth microdilution and carbapenem resistance genes in isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii-calcoaceticus complex
    Ana Elizabeth Markelz
    LTC, MC, USA, Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:4707-11. 2011
    ..8 and 30.8%. International variability in carbapenem breakpoints and the absence of CLSI breakpoints for doripenem present a challenge in susceptibility testing...
  52. pmc Presumptive identification of Candida species other than C. albicans, C. krusei, and C. tropicalis with the chromogenic medium CHROMagar Candida
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 5:1. 2006
    ..CaC is a differential chromogenic medium designed to identify C. albicans, C. krusei, and C. tropicalis based on colony color and morphology. Some reports have proposed that CaC can also reliably identify C. dubliniensis and C. glabrata...
  53. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of multidrug-resistant organisms recovered at a military burn center
    Edward F Keen
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 36:819-25. 2010
    ....
  54. doi request reprint Clostridium difficile infections in patients with severe burns
    Scott J Crabtree
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Burns 37:42-8. 2011
    ....
  55. pmc Tetracycline susceptibility testing and resistance genes in isolates of Acinetobacter baumannii-Acinetobacter calcoaceticus complex from a U.S. military hospital
    Kevin S Akers
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 53:2693-5. 2009
    ..Susceptibilities varied significantly with the testing method. The acquired tetracycline resistance genes tetA, tetB, and tetA(39) were present in the isolates...
  56. doi request reprint Prevention of infections associated with combat-related extremity injuries
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S235-57. 2011
    ..This evidence-based medicine review was produced to support the Guidelines for the Prevention of Infections Associated With Combat-Related Injuries: 2011 Update contained in this supplement of Journal of Trauma...
  57. ncbi request reprint Recovery of multidrug-resistant bacteria from combat personnel evacuated from Iraq and Afghanistan at a single military treatment facility
    Clinton K Murray
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 27834, USA
    Mil Med 174:598-604. 2009
    ..Novel techniques are needed to control the impact of MDR bacteria in medical facilities...
  58. doi request reprint Guidelines for the prevention of infection after combat-related injuries
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Brooke Army Medical Center, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S211-20. 2008
    ....
  59. doi request reprint Novel predictors of sepsis outperform the American Burn Association sepsis criteria in the burn intensive care unit patient
    Elizabeth A Mann-Salinas
    School of Nursing, University of Texas Health Science Center, Houston, Texas, USA
    J Burn Care Res 34:31-43. 2013
    ..Usefulness of the ABA criteria to predict sepsis is limited to the day before blood culture is obtained. A significant contribution of this research is the identification of six novel sepsis predictors for the burn patient...
  60. doi request reprint Causes of mortality by autopsy findings of combat casualties and civilian patients admitted to a burn unit
    Ruben Gomez
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 208:348-54. 2009
    ..Approximately 5% of combat-related injuries include burns. Previous studies have shown similar mortality rates between military and civilian burn casualties; but causes of death were not detailed...
  61. ncbi request reprint Endocarditis in burn patients: clinical and diagnostic considerations
    Jason A Regules
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Burns 34:610-6. 2008
    ..Further analysis of the clinical presentation and diagnosis may aid in the earlier recognition and decreased mortality of endocarditis in burned patients...
  62. pmc Fungal wound infection (not colonization) is independently associated with mortality in burn patients
    Edward E Horvath
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Ann Surg 245:978-85. 2007
    ..To analyze the occurrence of fungal wound infection (FWI) after thermal injury and its relationship to mortality...
  63. ncbi request reprint Impact of Acinetobacter infection on the mortality of burn patients
    Michael C Albrecht
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 203:546-50. 2006
    ..Although Acb can be associated with multidrug resistance, its impact on mortality in burn patients has not been fully elucidated...
  64. doi request reprint Description of Streptococcus pneumoniae infections in burn patients
    Jessie S Glasser
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 36:528-32. 2010
    ..Although Streptococcus pneumoniae infections are common in the community and can cause nosocomial infections, the incidence and risk factors for pneumococcal infections in burn patients is unclear...
  65. pmc Efficacy of macrolides and telithromycin against leptospirosis in a hamster model
    James E Moon
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 50:1989-92. 2006
    ..We conclude that all agents tested have demonstrated in vivo efficacy in treating acute leptospirosis. These results provide support for further evaluation of macrolide and ketolide antimicrobial agents in human trials...
  66. ncbi request reprint Central nervous system infections in patients with severe burns
    Tatjana P Calvano
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    Burns 36:688-91. 2010
    ..4-2% of all patients hospitalized with head trauma. CNS infection incidence in burn patients is unknown and this study sets out to identify the incidence and risk factors associated with CNS infections...
  67. doi request reprint Activity of topical antimicrobial agents against multidrug-resistant bacteria recovered from burn patients
    Jessie S Glasser
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Burns 36:1172-84. 2010
    ..We compared two methods of determining topical antimicrobial susceptibilities...
  68. pmc Susceptibility of acinetobacter strains isolated from deployed U.S. military personnel
    Joshua S Hawley
    Infectious Disease Service MCHE MDI 7E, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Dr, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 51:376-8. 2007
    ..S. soldiers deployed overseas) to 13 antimicrobial agents were determined by broth microdilution. The most active antimicrobial agents (> or =95% of isolates susceptible) were colistin, polymyxin B, and minocycline...
  69. doi request reprint Prevention of infections associated with combat-related central nervous system injuries
    Michael A Forgione
    Infectious Disease Service, Keesler Medical Center, Keesler Air Force Base, Mississippi 39534, USA
    J Trauma 71:S258-63. 2011
    ..This evidence-based medicine review was produced to support the Guidelines for the Prevention of Infections Associated With Combat-Related Injuries: 2011 Update contained in this supplement of Journal of Trauma...
  70. doi request reprint Infection prevention and control in deployed military medical treatment facilities
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S290-8. 2011
    ..This review was produced to support the Guidelines for the Prevention of Infections Associated With Combat-Related Injuries: 2011 Update contained in this supplement of Journal of Trauma...
  71. ncbi request reprint Effect of timing and duration of azithromycin therapy of leptospirosis in a hamster model
    James E Moon
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Antimicrob Chemother 59:148-51. 2007
    ..In this study, the utility of short courses of azithromycin in treating or preventing leptospirosis was investigated in a lethal hamster model...
  72. doi request reprint Incidence and bacteriology of burn infections at a military burn center
    Edward F Keen
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 36:461-8. 2010
    ....
  73. ncbi request reprint Correlation of culture with histopathology in fungal burn wound colonization and infection
    Christina M Schofield
    Wilford Hall USAF Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX, USA
    Burns 33:341-6. 2007
    ..Future burn wound management must seek to identify fungal pathogens to species...
  74. doi request reprint Prevention and treatment of infected foot and ankle wounds sustained in the combat environment
    Brendan D Masini
    Brooke Army Medical Center BAMC, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Foot Ankle Clin 15:91-112. 2010
    ....
  75. pmc Broth microdilution susceptibility testing for Leptospira spp
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:1548-52. 2004
    ..The macrodilution and microdilution techniques produced similar results, with microdilution allowing a faster, more streamlined method of producing MIC results...
  76. ncbi request reprint Spectrum of care provided at an echelon II Medical Unit during Operation Iraqi Freedom
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Mil Med 170:516-20. 2005
    ..Determining the types of casualties seen at forward echelons of medical care during different phases of conflict can aid medical planning and help predict the type of medical resources required...
  77. pmc Direct isolation of Candida spp. from blood cultures on the chromogenic medium CHROMagar Candida
    Lynn L Horvath
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:2629-32. 2003
    ..Direct isolation could allow mycology laboratories to more rapidly identify Candida spp., enable clinicians to more quickly make antifungal agent selections, and potentially decrease patient morbidity and mortality...
  78. pmc Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in the AFHSC-GEIS network
    William G Meyer
    Armed Forces Health Surveillance Center, 11800 Tech Rd, Silver Spring, MD 20904, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:S8. 2011
    ..This section documents the accomplishments and activities of the network through AFHSC-GEIS partners in 2009...
  79. pmc Pneumonia in military trainees: a comparison study based on adenovirus serotype 14 infection
    Todd J Vento
    Infectious Diseases Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Infect Dis 203:1388-95. 2011
    ..This study was conducted to determine whether Ad-14 is associated with clinical outcomes in otherwise healthy patients with pneumonia...
  80. doi request reprint Effect of various concentrations of antibiotics on osteogenic cell viability and activity
    Christopher R Rathbone
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Orthop Res 29:1070-4. 2011
    ..This comprehensive evaluation of numerous antibiotics' effects on osteoblast viability and activity will enable clinicians and researchers to choose the optimal antibiotic for treatment of infection and maintenance of healthy host bone...
  81. ncbi request reprint The role of antifungal susceptibility testing in the therapy of candidiasis
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6200, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 48:153-60. 2004
    ....
  82. doi request reprint Preface: Guidelines for the prevention of infections associated with combat-related injuries: 2011 update
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service MCHE MDI, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S197-201. 2011
    ....
  83. doi request reprint Executive summary: Guidelines for the prevention of infections associated with combat-related injuries: 2011 update: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Surgical Infection Society
    Duane R Hospenthal
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S202-9. 2011
    ....
  84. pmc Once-daily amikacin dosing in burn patients treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration
    Kevin S Akers
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 55:4639-42. 2011
    ..The low pharmacodynamic target attainment appears to be primarily due to higher amikacin MICs rather than more rapid clearance of amikacin related to CVVH therapy...
  85. pmc In vitro susceptibilities of seven Leptospira species to traditional and newer antibiotics
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 47:2646-8. 2003
    ..With the exception of chloramphenicol, all tested agents were at least as potent as penicillin and doxycycline, with the macrolide and ketolide drugs producing the lowest MICs (and minimal bactericidal concentrations)...
  86. ncbi request reprint Central retinal vein occlusion in an Army Ranger with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency
    Russ S Kotwal
    75th Ranger Regiment, Fort Benning, GA 31905, USA
    J Spec Oper Med 9:59-63. 2009
    ..This case underscores the continued need for routine G6PD screening and avoidance of known triggers in G6PD-deficient individuals...
  87. ncbi request reprint Earlier debridement and antibiotic administration decrease infection
    Kate V Brown
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers, Suite B, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Surg Orthop Adv 19:18-22. 2010
    ..It was concluded that early debridement in combination with local delivery of antibiotics of contaminated defects may reduce infections...
  88. ncbi request reprint Viability of Leptospira in BacT/ALERT MB media
    Matthew E Griffith
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis 54:263-6. 2006
    ..Viable leptospires were detected in MB bottles up to day 14. FA and SN were performed in accordance with prior data. We conclude that MB and enriched MB bottles of the BacT/ALERT blood culture system can support viable leptospires...
  89. pmc Direct comparison of the BACTEC 9240 and BacT/ALERT 3D automated blood culture systems for candida growth detection
    Lynn L Horvath
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 42:115-8. 2004
    ..However, when only standard aerobic and anaerobic media were used, the BacT performed better than the Bactec in overall growth detection, time to growth detection, and number of false-negatives...
  90. doi request reprint Response to infection control challenges in the deployed setting: Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 69:S94-101. 2010
    ..In response, efforts to emphasize IC basics, improve expertise, and better track MDRO colonization were pursued...
  91. pmc Determination of susceptibilities of 26 Leptospira sp. serovars to 24 antimicrobial agents by a broth microdilution technique
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease MCHE MDI, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Dr, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 48:4002-5. 2004
    ..01 microg/ml. The MIC(90)s of amoxicillin, aztreonam, cefdinir, chloramphenicol, and penicillin G were >/=3.13 microg/ml. Many antimicrobials have excellent in vitro activity against Leptospira...
  92. pmc Central nervous system toxicity associated with liposomal amphotericin B therapy for cutaneous leishmaniasis
    Jessie S Glasser
    US Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 84:566-8. 2011
    ..This is a potential side effect of liposomal amphotericin B that can be observed in otherwise healthy patients...
  93. doi request reprint Temporary external fixation is safe in a combat environment
    Daniel R Possley
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 69:S135-9. 2010
    ..We hypothesize that external fixation is a safe and effective initial stabilization procedure for combat-related open fractures...
  94. pmc Colistin heteroresistance in acinetobacter and its association with previous colistin therapy
    Joshua S Hawley
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Antimicrob Agents Chemother 52:351-2. 2008
    ..The proportion of cells exhibiting heteroresistance was significantly higher among isolates recovered from patients treated with colistin...
  95. doi request reprint Hospital-acquired device-associated infections at a deployed military hospital in Iraq
    Erica N Johnson
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 66:S157-63. 2009
    ..We describe the rates of utilization and device-associated infections at the Air Force Theater Hospital (AFTH) in Iraq...
  96. ncbi request reprint Fusarium proliferatum superficial suppurative thrombophlebitis
    Clinton K Murray
    Department of Medicine, Infectious Diseases Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6200, USA
    Mil Med 168:426-7. 2003
    ..We report a case of Fusarium proliferatum superficial suppurative thrombophlebitis in an immunocompetent patient with no evidence of systemic infection and who responded to venotomy alone...
  97. doi request reprint Osteomyelitis in military personnel wounded in Iraq and Afghanistan
    Heather C Yun
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S163-8; discussion S168. 2008
    ..We describe demographics and microbiology of OIF/OEF casualties with primary and recurrent osteomyelitis...
  98. ncbi request reprint Acinetobacter skin colonization of US Army Soldiers
    Matthew E Griffith
    Infectious Disease Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 27:659-61. 2006
    ..To evaluate whether skin colonization with Acinetobacter calcoaceticus-baumannii complex exists in a population of healthy, nondeployed US Army soldiers and, if present, how it might relate to the infections seen in current war casualties...
  99. pmc Persistence of pigment production by yeast isolates grown on CHROMagar Candida medium
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 40:4768-70. 2002
    ..Candida tropicalis produced colonies similar to those of rare Cryptococcus and Trichosporon species, and mixed cultures were often difficult to identify as such...
  100. pmc Devices for rapid diagnosis of Malaria: evaluation of prototype assays that detect Plasmodium falciparum histidine-rich protein 2 and a Plasmodium vivax-specific antigen
    J Russ Forney
    United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, USA
    J Clin Microbiol 41:2358-66. 2003
    ..vivax were 0.8907 and 0.8522, respectively. These findings indicate that assays for rapid diagnosis have the potential to enhance diagnostic capabilities in those instances in which skilled microscopy is not readily available...