Leopoldo C Cancio

Summary

Affiliation: Walter Reed Army Medical Center
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Burn care in Iraq
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, USA
    J Trauma 62:S70. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Standard variables fail to identify patients who will not respond to fluid resuscitation following thermal injury: brief report
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Burn Center, U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Burns 31:358-65. 2005
  3. doi request reprint Airway management and smoke inhalation injury in the burn patient
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 36:555-67. 2009
  4. doi request reprint Prediction of mortality and of the need for massive transfusion in casualties arriving at combat support hospitals in Iraq
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S51-5; discussion S55-6. 2008
  5. ncbi request reprint Inhalation injury: pathophysiology and clinical care proceedings of a symposium conducted at the Trauma Institute of San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA on 28 March 2006
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Burns 33:681-92. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Predicting increased fluid requirements during the resuscitation of thermally injured patients
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
    J Trauma 56:404-13; discussion 413-4. 2004
  7. doi request reprint Heart-rate complexity for prediction of prehospital lifesaving interventions in trauma patients
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 65:813-9. 2008
  8. doi request reprint New measures of heart-rate complexity: effect of chest trauma and hemorrhage
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 68:1178-85. 2010
  9. ncbi request reprint Evolution of burn resuscitation in operation Iraqi freedom
    Kevin K Chung
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Burn Care Res 27:606-11. 2006
  10. doi request reprint Pneumatosis intestinalis in patients with severe thermal injury
    Todd F M Huzar
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 3611, USA
    J Burn Care Res 32:e37-44. 2011

Detail Information

Publications91

  1. ncbi request reprint Burn care in Iraq
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, USA
    J Trauma 62:S70. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Standard variables fail to identify patients who will not respond to fluid resuscitation following thermal injury: brief report
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Burn Center, U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Burns 31:358-65. 2005
    ..The purpose of this study was to characterize these patients, and to develop a predictor of resuscitation failure...
  3. doi request reprint Airway management and smoke inhalation injury in the burn patient
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Clin Plast Surg 36:555-67. 2009
    ..High-frequency ventilation, inhaled heparin, and aggressive pulmonary toilet are among the therapies available. Even so, immunosuppression, intubation, and airway damage predispose these patients to pneumonia and other complications...
  4. doi request reprint Prediction of mortality and of the need for massive transfusion in casualties arriving at combat support hospitals in Iraq
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S51-5; discussion S55-6. 2008
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint Inhalation injury: pathophysiology and clinical care proceedings of a symposium conducted at the Trauma Institute of San Antonio, San Antonio, TX, USA on 28 March 2006
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Burns 33:681-92. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Predicting increased fluid requirements during the resuscitation of thermally injured patients
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Charleston, South Carolina, USA
    J Trauma 56:404-13; discussion 413-4. 2004
    ....
  7. doi request reprint Heart-rate complexity for prediction of prehospital lifesaving interventions in trauma patients
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 65:813-9. 2008
    ..To improve our ability to forecast the need for prehospital lifesaving interventions (LSIs), we applied heart-rate complexity (HRC) analysis to the electrocardiogram (ECG) of patients en route to trauma centers...
  8. doi request reprint New measures of heart-rate complexity: effect of chest trauma and hemorrhage
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 68:1178-85. 2010
    ..We determined the effect of chest TR and HS on heart-rate complexity (HRC) in a porcine model...
  9. ncbi request reprint Evolution of burn resuscitation in operation Iraqi freedom
    Kevin K Chung
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Burn Care Res 27:606-11. 2006
  10. doi request reprint Pneumatosis intestinalis in patients with severe thermal injury
    Todd F M Huzar
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 3611, USA
    J Burn Care Res 32:e37-44. 2011
    ..Because of the association of bowel ischemia with PI, exploratory laparotomy should be strongly considered in patients with burn injury with radiographic evidence of PI...
  11. doi request reprint Causes of mortality by autopsy findings of combat casualties and civilian patients admitted to a burn unit
    Ruben Gomez
    Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 208:348-54. 2009
    ..Approximately 5% of combat-related injuries include burns. Previous studies have shown similar mortality rates between military and civilian burn casualties; but causes of death were not detailed...
  12. doi request reprint Admission chest CT complements fiberoptic bronchoscopy in prediction of adverse outcomes in thermally injured patients
    John S Oh
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Burn Care Res 33:532-8. 2012
    ..7-fold increase in the incidence of the composite endpoint. Admission CT assists in predicting future lung dysfunction in burn patients...
  13. pmc Continuous venovenous hemofiltration in severely burned patients with acute kidney injury: a cohort study
    Kevin K Chung
    Burn Center, United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Crit Care 13:R62. 2009
    ..We aimed to determine the effect on mortality of early application of continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH) in severely burned patients with AKI admitted to our burn intensive care unit (BICU)...
  14. doi request reprint Simple derivation of the initial fluid rate for the resuscitation of severely burned adult combat casualties: in silico validation of the rule of 10
    Kevin K Chung
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 69:S49-54. 2010
    ..To simplify this process, we devised the "rule of 10" to derive the initial fluid rate...
  15. ncbi request reprint Prehospital loss of R-to-R interval complexity is associated with mortality in trauma patients
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 63:512-8. 2007
    ..To improve our ability to identify physiologic deterioration caused by critical injury, we applied nonlinear analysis to the R-to-R interval (RRI) of the electrocardiogram of prehospital trauma patients...
  16. doi request reprint Global evacuation of burn patients does not increase the incidence of venous thromboembolic complications
    Kevin K Chung
    Clinical Division, U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 65:19-24. 2008
    ..We hypothesized global evacuation results in increased VTE rates...
  17. doi request reprint Prone positioning improves oxygenation in adult burn patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome
    Diane F Hale
    Department of Surgery, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:1634-9. 2012
    ..PP also significantly complicates burn care by making skin protection and wound care more difficult. We hypothesize that PP improves oxygenation and can be performed safely in burn patients with ARDS...
  18. ncbi request reprint Lower interbreath interval complexity is associated with extubation failure in mechanically ventilated patients during spontaneous breathing trials
    Christopher E White
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 68:1310-6. 2010
    ..To determine whether lower complexity of interbreath interval as measured with nonlinear analysis techniques will identify patients who fail to separate from mechanical ventilation after 30-minute spontaneous breathing trials (SBTs)...
  19. doi request reprint Incidence of systemic fungal infection and related mortality following severe burns
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 34:1108-12. 2008
    ....
  20. doi request reprint Predictors of early acute lung injury at a combat support hospital: a prospective observational study
    Jason W Edens
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 69:S81-6. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether this strategy is associated with an increased incidence of ALI...
  21. doi request reprint Joint Theater Trauma System implementation of burn resuscitation guidelines improves outcomes in severely burned military casualties
    Jody L Ennis
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S146-51; discussion S151-2. 2008
    ..To help standardize care, burn resuscitation guidelines (BRG) were devised along with a burn flow sheet (BFS) and disseminated via the new operational Joint Theater Trauma System to assist deployed providers...
  22. doi request reprint Abdominal complications after severe burns
    Katharine W Markell
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 208:940-7; discussion 947-9. 2009
    ..We sought to define incidence, outcomes, and associated factors, such as excessive resuscitation volume and treatment issues...
  23. doi request reprint Guidelines for the prevention of infections associated with combat-related injuries: 2011 update: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Surgical Infection Society
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S210-34. 2011
    ....
  24. ncbi request reprint Contribution of bacterial and viral infections to attributable mortality in patients with severe burns: an autopsy series
    Laurie C D'Avignon
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 36:773-9. 2010
    ..aureus remain the most common cause of bacteria related mortality early in the hospital course. Viral infections are also associated with mortality and numbers have remained stable when compared to data from prior years...
  25. ncbi request reprint Comparison of combat and non-combat burns from ongoing U.S. military operations
    David S Kauvar
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Surg Res 132:195-200. 2006
    ..Military burns result from either combat or non-combat causes. We compared these etiologies from patients involved in ongoing conflicts to evaluate their impact and provide prevention recommendations...
  26. ncbi request reprint Computerized decision support system improves fluid resuscitation following severe burns: an original study
    Jose Salinas
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:2031-8. 2011
    ..The goal of this study was to analyze the efficacy of a computerized open-loop decision support system for burn resuscitation compared to historical controls...
  27. ncbi request reprint Burn center treatment of patients with severe anhydrous ammonia injury: case reports and literature review
    Christopher E White
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Burn Care Res 28:922-8. 2007
    ..We present five patients with ammonia injury treated at our burn center after an explosion in a warehouse. The challenges inherent in managing the pulmonary complications of this injury are emphasized...
  28. doi request reprint Noninvasive carbon dioxide monitoring in a porcine model of acute lung injury due to smoke inhalation and burns
    Slava Belenkiy
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Shock 39:495-500. 2013
    ..Under unstable conditions, reevaluation of patient status and increased caution in the interpretation of results are required...
  29. doi request reprint Resuscitation of severely burned military casualties: fluid begets more fluid
    Kevin K Chung
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 67:231-7; discussion 237. 2009
    ..The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the estimated fluid volumes calculated, either by the Modified Brooke or the Parkland formulas, and actual volumes received...
  30. ncbi request reprint Burns sustained in combat explosions in Operations Iraqi and Enduring Freedom (OIF/OEF explosion burns)
    David S Kauvar
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 32:853-7. 2006
    ..Many OIF/OEF burns result from the enemy's detonation of explosives. We reviewed these to evaluate mission impact and provide recommendations for improved combat burn protection. Data were compared to those from the Vietnam War...
  31. pmc Comparison between civilian burns and combat burns from Operation Iraqi Freedom and Operation Enduring Freedom
    Steven E Wolf
    Burn Center, United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers, Fort Sam Houston, TX 79234, USA
    Ann Surg 243:786-92; discussion 792-5. 2006
    ..To assess outcome differences between locally burned civilians and military personnel burned in a distant combat zone treated in the same facility...
  32. ncbi request reprint Deployment and operation of a transportable burn intensive care unit in response to a burn multiple casualty incident
    David J Barillo
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Ft Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 5:5-13. 2010
    ..Lessons learned, including the need to standardize equipment, and to cross-train and cross-credential medical personnel, are applicable to both military and civilian mass casualty management...
  33. doi request reprint Dynamic changes in shunt and ventilation-perfusion mismatch following experimental pulmonary contusion
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Building 3611, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    Shock 33:419-25. 2010
    ..By CT, PC leads to significant loss of functional lung volume on the side of injury. A mild hypocoagulable state was identified 2 h after injury...
  34. ncbi request reprint The impact of noise on the reliability of heart-rate variability and complexity analysis in trauma patients
    Nehemiah T Liu
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, United States Electronic address
    Comput Biol Med 43:1955-64. 2013
    ..Results showed that under increasing simulated noise, entropy and autocorrelation measures can still effectively discriminate between LSI and non-LSI patients and monitor individuals over time. ..
  35. ncbi request reprint Outcomes after cardiac arrest in an adult burn center
    Jonathan C Wilton
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, United States
    Burns 39:1541-6. 2013
    ..Our objective was to determine the incidence, causes and outcomes following cardiac arrest (CA) and cardio-pulmonary resuscitation (CPR) within this population...
  36. ncbi request reprint Development and validation of a novel fusion algorithm for continuous, accurate, and automated R-wave detection and calculation of signal-derived metrics
    Nehemiah T Liu
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315 Electronic address
    J Crit Care 28:885.e9-18. 2013
    ....
  37. ncbi request reprint Development and validation of a machine learning algorithm and hybrid system to predict the need for life-saving interventions in trauma patients
    Nehemiah T Liu
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3650 Chambers Pass, Building 3610, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Med Biol Eng Comput 52:193-203. 2014
    ..The performance of this system demonstrates that machine learning technology can be implemented in a real-time fashion and potentially used in a critical care environment. ..
  38. doi request reprint Comparison of traditional burn wound mapping with a computerized program
    James F Williams
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Burn Care Res 34:e29-35. 2013
    ..WF may be additionally beneficial in that it can track daily progress until complete wound closure, and can automatically calculate burn size, thus decreasing the chances of mathematical errors...
  39. doi request reprint Correlation between capnography and arterial carbon dioxide before, during, and after severe chest injury in swine
    Claire Larson Isbell
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    Shock 37:103-9. 2012
    ..Under these circumstances (with abnormal oxygenation and/or hemodynamics), greater caution and other monitoring tools may be required...
  40. ncbi request reprint High-frequency percussive ventilation for intercontinental aeromedical evacuation
    David J Barillo
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 6:369-78. 2011
    ..HFPV is safe and efficacious for transcontinental flight when used by an experienced medical transport team...
  41. doi request reprint Respiratory dialysis: reduction in dependence on mechanical ventilation by venovenous extracorporeal CO2 removal
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:1382-7. 2011
    ..We investigated the ability of a novel extracorporeal venovenous CO2 removal device to reduce minute ventilation while maintaining normocarbia...
  42. doi request reprint Closed-loop and decision-assist resuscitation of burn patients
    Jose Salinas
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 64:S321-32. 2008
    ....
  43. ncbi request reprint Development and resuscitation of a sedated, mature male miniature swine severe hemorrhage model
    John W Burns
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    J Trauma 71:148-56. 2011
    ..A sedated, mature male miniature swine hemorrhage model has been specifically developed to evaluate resuscitation products for the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency Surviving Blood Loss program...
  44. doi request reprint Continuous renal replacement therapy improves survival in severely burned military casualties with acute kidney injury
    Kevin K Chung
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S179-85; discussion S185-7. 2008
    ..We wondered whether early use of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) changes outcomes in severely burned military casualties with predetermined criteria for acute kidney injury...
  45. doi request reprint Incidence and severity of combat hand burns after All Army Activity message
    Travis L Hedman
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Burn Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S169-72; discussion S172-3. 2008
    ..Our purpose was to assess the effectiveness of the ALARACT in reducing the incidence and severity of hand burns...
  46. ncbi request reprint Assessment of oxidative stress in lungs from sheep after inhalation of wood smoke
    Myung S Park
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Toxicology 195:97-112. 2004
    ..Additional time course studies are necessary to determine whether these oxidants are a cause or a consequence of the airway and lung injury associated with exposure to wood smoke...
  47. ncbi request reprint Tracking the daily availability of burn beds for national emergencies
    David J Barillo
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research US Army Burn Center, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 26:174-82. 2005
    ..Although intended for military conflict, this system is equally applicable to civilian mass casualty situations. We advocate adoption of this or a similar bed tracking system by the ABA for use during burn mass casualty incidents...
  48. ncbi request reprint Intestinal and gastric tonometry during experimental burn shock
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Burns 33:879-84. 2007
    ..The purpose of this 24-h study was to evaluate the utility of gastrointestinal (GI) tonometry during burn shock and resuscitation...
  49. doi request reprint High risk but not always lethal: the effect of cirrhosis on thermally injured adults
    Christopher J Burns
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Burn Care Res 34:115-9. 2013
    ....
  50. doi request reprint Rapid prediction of trauma patient survival by analysis of heart rate complexity: impact of reducing data set size
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    Library Branch, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    Shock 32:565-71. 2009
    ..SampEn, SOD, and complex demodulation were relatively unaffected by data set reduction. These metrics may be useful for rapid identification of trauma patients with potentially lethal injuries using short EKG data sets...
  51. pmc Fungal wound infection (not colonization) is independently associated with mortality in burn patients
    Edward E Horvath
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Brooke Army Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Ann Surg 245:978-85. 2007
    ..To analyze the occurrence of fungal wound infection (FWI) after thermal injury and its relationship to mortality...
  52. doi request reprint Long range transport of war-related burn casualties
    Evan M Renz
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 64:S136-44; discussion S144-5. 2008
    ..This study characterizes the military burn casualties transported by each team and reports associated outcomes...
  53. doi request reprint Comparison of airway pressure release ventilation to conventional mechanical ventilation in the early management of smoke inhalation injury in swine
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    United States Army Institute of Surgical Research, Pulmonary Critical Care Service, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 39:2314-21. 2011
    ..We compared the effects of airway pressure release ventilation and conventional mechanical ventilation on oxygenation in a porcine model of acute respiratory distress syndrome induced by wood smoke inhalation...
  54. doi request reprint Executive summary: Guidelines for the prevention of infections associated with combat-related injuries: 2011 update: endorsed by the Infectious Diseases Society of America and the Surgical Infection Society
    Duane R Hospenthal
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S202-9. 2011
    ....
  55. ncbi request reprint One hundred ninety-five cases of high-voltage electric injury
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    Burn Center, U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 26:331-40. 2005
    ..3%. HVEI was associated with high amputation risk and a low rate of mortality in patients admitted to our burn center. Patients with gross myoglobinuria are at higher risk of requiring fasciotomy and/or amputation...
  56. ncbi request reprint Acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to inhalation of chlorine gas in sheep
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 60:944-56; discussion 956-7. 2006
    ..This study aims to characterize the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) caused by chlorine gas (Cl2) inhalation in a large-animal model...
  57. ncbi request reprint Wartime burn care in Iraq: 28th Combat Support Hospital, 2003
    Louis R Stout
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Mil Med 172:1148-53. 2007
    ..Shortly after arrival, it was designated as the hospital primarily responsible for burn care for the U.S. military in Iraq. This report reviews the experience of the CSH with burn care during combat operations...
  58. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, and elevated temperature as predictors of bloodstream infection in burn patients
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Arch Surg 142:639-42. 2007
    ..To investigate whether specific values of or changes in temperature, white blood cell count, or neutrophil percentage were predictive of bloodstream infection in burn patients...
  59. ncbi request reprint Combat burn life support: a military burn-education program
    David J Barillo
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 26:162-5. 2005
    ..Although intended for a military audience, the course material is equally applicable to civilian terrorist or mass casualty situations...
  60. doi request reprint Guidelines for the prevention of infection after combat-related injuries
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Brooke Army Medical Center, US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S211-20. 2008
    ....
  61. doi request reprint Assessment of cardiovascular regulation after burns by nonlinear analysis of the electrocardiogram
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Burn Care Res 29:56-63. 2008
    ..Assessment of complexity may provide new insight into the cardiovascular response to burns...
  62. doi request reprint A clarion to recommit and reaffirm burn rehabilitation
    Reginald L Richard
    Burn Rehabilitation Department, Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Burn Care Res 29:425-32. 2008
    ..The article discusses areas for change and the challenges facing burn rehabilitation. Finally, the relegation and acceptance of this responsibility are addressed...
  63. doi request reprint Clinical utility of fungal screening assays in adults with severe burns
    Dana M Blyth
    Brooke Army Medical Center San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3551 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam, Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 39:413-9. 2013
    ..Few studies have evaluated the performance of fungal screening assays outside of the hematologic malignancy and hematopoietic stem cell transplant populations...
  64. ncbi request reprint Ventilation-perfusion relationships following experimental pulmonary contusion
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Ave, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Appl Physiol (1985) 103:895-902. 2007
    ..Pa(O(2)) retained VOL and Q(S) (r(2) = .835) as independent covariates of Pa(O(2)). An increase in Q(S) characterizes lung failure 6 h after pulmonary contusion; Q(S) and VOL correlate independently with Pa(O(2))...
  65. ncbi request reprint Sympathetic nerve activity and heart rate variability during severe hemorrhagic shock in sheep
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Building 3611, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    Auton Neurosci 136:43-51. 2007
    ..In this study we explored direct and indirect measures of autonomic nervous system function, as well as changes in cardiovascular complexity, during hemorrhagic shock (HS)...
  66. ncbi request reprint Hyperspectral imaging: a new approach to the diagnosis of hemorrhagic shock
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 60:1087-95. 2006
    ..Our purpose was to assess HSI in a porcine HEM model. We hypothesized that HEM would cause decreases in SHSIO2 of the skin...
  67. ncbi request reprint Experience with the use of close-relative allograft for the management of extensive thermal injury in local national casualties during Operation Iraqi Freedom
    Jonathan B Lundy
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    Am J Disaster Med 6:319-24. 2011
    ..A brief literature review and future recommendations are included...
  68. doi request reprint Prevention of infections associated with combat-related extremity injuries
    Clinton K Murray
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S235-57. 2011
    ..This evidence-based medicine review was produced to support the Guidelines for the Prevention of Infections Associated With Combat-Related Injuries: 2011 Update contained in this supplement of Journal of Trauma...
  69. ncbi request reprint Burn support for Operation Iraqi Freedom and related operations, 2003 to 2004
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 26:151-61. 2005
    ..This experience highlights the importance of anticipating the burn care needs of both combatants and the local civilian population during war...
  70. doi request reprint High-frequency percussive ventilation and low tidal volume ventilation in burns: a randomized controlled trial
    Kevin K Chung
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 38:1970-7. 2010
    ..The purpose of this study was to prospectively compare the two ventilator modalities in a burn intensive care unit setting...
  71. doi request reprint Evolving changes in the management of burns and environmental injuries
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3698 Chambers Pass, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Surg Clin North Am 92:959-86, ix. 2012
    ..In recent years, intensive military medical experience has resulted in substantial progress in treatment of these important problems. This article reviews practical applications of this new knowledge...
  72. doi request reprint Infection prevention and control in deployed military medical treatment facilities
    Duane R Hospenthal
    Infectious Disease Service, San Antonio Military Medical Center, 3851 Roger Brooke Drive, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 71:S290-8. 2011
    ..This review was produced to support the Guidelines for the Prevention of Infections Associated With Combat-Related Injuries: 2011 Update contained in this supplement of Journal of Trauma...
  73. doi request reprint Prevention and management of infections associated with burns in the combat casualty
    Laurie C D'Avignon
    San Antonio Military Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, Texas, USA
    J Trauma 64:S277-86. 2008
    ..Areas of emphasis include antimicrobial prophylaxis, debridement of devitalized tissue, topical antimicrobial therapy, and optimal time to wound coverage...
  74. ncbi request reprint Assessment of severity of ovine smoke inhalation injury by analysis of computed tomographic scans
    Myung S Park
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    J Trauma 55:417-27; discussion 427-9. 2003
    ..Our goal was to evaluate computed tomographic (CT) scans of the chest as a means of stratifying smoke inhalation injury (SII) severity...
  75. ncbi request reprint Gastrointestinal fluid resuscitation of thermally injured patients
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Burn Care Res 27:561-9. 2006
  76. ncbi request reprint Inflammatory mediators in smoke inhalation injury
    James B Sterner
    Internal Medicine Residency, Department of Medicine, Brooke Army Medical Center, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234 6200, USA
    Inflamm Allergy Drug Targets 8:63-9. 2009
    ..This review will emphasize the inflammatory pathways involved in inhalation injury, and targeted methods used to treat this injury in both experimental and human models...
  77. ncbi request reprint Development and validation of an age-risk score for mortality predication after thermal injury
    Aimee R Moreau
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Trauma 58:967-72. 2005
    ..We hypothesized that a single "age-risk score" (AGESCORE), incorporating a cubic functional form, can be used in predictive models for mortality after burns...
  78. ncbi request reprint Treatment of white phosphorus and other chemical burn injuries at one burn center over a 51-year period
    David J Barillo
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3400 Rowley Chambers Avenue Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 30:448-52. 2004
    ..In this study, we compare incidence, cause and outcome of chemical burn injury over time and review the management of white phosphorus injuries...
  79. ncbi request reprint Evaluation of renal cortical perfusion by noninvasive power Doppler ultrasound during vascular occlusion and reperfusion
    Toshiyuki Kuwa
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    J Trauma 56:618-24. 2004
    ..This study aimed to develop a quantitative technique for PDUS image analysis, and to evaluate the ability of PDUS to quantify cortical perfusion during renal ischemia induced by vascular occlusion...
  80. ncbi request reprint Burn center management of necrotizing fasciitis
    David J Barillo
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234, USA
    J Burn Care Rehabil 24:127-32. 2003
    ..We advocate the addition of necrotizing fasciitis to the list of conditions currently recognized by the American Burn Association as appropriate for burn center transfer and care...
  81. ncbi request reprint Loss of complexity characterizes the heart rate response to experimental hemorrhagic shock in swine
    Andriy I Batchinsky
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:519-25. 2007
    ....
  82. ncbi request reprint Management of burn wounds in the emergency department
    Ruben Gomez
    US Army Institute of Surgical Research, 3600 Rawley E Chambers Avenue, Fort Sam Houston, San Antonio, TX 78234 6315, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 25:135-46. 2007
    ..Finally, guidance is given in the selection and treatment of patients who have burns that may be treated on an outpatient basis...
  83. doi request reprint Invited critique: bridging the gap between disaster plan and execution
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Burn Care Res 29:166-7. 2008
  84. ncbi request reprint Lightning injury: a review
    Amber E Ritenour
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research, Fort Sam Houston, TX 78234, USA
    Burns 34:585-94. 2008
    ..These injuries feature unusual symptoms, high mortality, and significant long-term morbidity. This paper will review the epidemiology, physics, clinical presentation, management principles, and prevention of lightning injuries...
  85. ncbi request reprint Systemic effects of shock and resuscitation monitored by visible hyperspectral imaging
    Robert Gillies
    HyperMed, Inc, Watertown, Massachusetts 02472, USA
    Diabetes Technol Ther 5:847-55. 2003
    ..Now, it is possible to analyze these variables during shock and resuscitation in an objective manner. The clinical utility of these advances needs to be determined...
  86. ncbi request reprint Use of power Doppler ultrasound to monitor renal perfusion during burn shock
    Toshiyuki Kuwa
    Trauma and Critical Care Center, Hyogo Prefectural Nishinomiya Hospital, Nishinomiya City, Hyogo, Japan
    Burns 32:706-13. 2006
    ..We hypothesized that renal cortical perfusion, estimated by PDUS image intensity (PDUSII), would decrease during burn shock and improve during resuscitation in a porcine model...
  87. doi request reprint American Burn Association practice guidelines burn shock resuscitation
    Tam N Pham
    University of Washington Burn Center, Seattle, Washington 98104, USA
    J Burn Care Res 29:257-66. 2008
  88. ncbi request reprint Airplane crash in Guam, August 6, 1997: the aeromedical evacuation response
    Leopoldo C Cancio
    U S Army Institute of Surgical Research Fort Sam Houston, Antonio, Texas 78234 6315, USA
    J Burn Care Res 27:642-8. 2006
    ..These peacetime lessons contributed to the military's ability to transport wartime burn casualties in ensuing years and indicate the close interdependence of the disaster response and combat missions...
  89. ncbi request reprint Survival benefit conferred by topical antimicrobial preparations in burn patients: a historical perspective
    Timothy P La H Brown
    The Burns Unit, Middlemore Hospital, Auckland, New Zealand
    J Trauma 56:863-6. 2004
    ..Under wartime or mass-casualty conditions, however, there may be an inadequate supply of these agents. This study aimed to identify those patients most likely to benefit therefrom...
  90. pmc In vivo optical coherence tomography detection of differences in regional large airway smoke inhalation induced injury in a rabbit model
    Matthew Brenner
    University of California, Irvine, Beckman Laser Institute, Irvine, California 92612, USA
    J Biomed Opt 13:034001. 2008
    ..OCT is capable of quantitatively detecting regional changes in airway swelling following inhalation injury...
  91. ncbi request reprint Correlation of culture with histopathology in fungal burn wound colonization and infection
    Christina M Schofield
    Wilford Hall USAF Medical Center, Lackland AFB, TX, USA
    Burns 33:341-6. 2007
    ..Future burn wound management must seek to identify fungal pathogens to species...