Ronald J Prineas

Summary

Affiliation: Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Awareness and management of chronic disease, insurance status, and health professional shortage areas in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS): a cross-sectional study
    Raegan W Durant
    University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, 1717 11th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:208. 2012
  2. pmc United States national prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities in black and white middle-age (45- to 64-Year) and older (≥65-Year) adults (from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study)
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 109:1223-8. 2012
  3. pmc The association of remotely-sensed outdoor temperature with blood pressure levels in REGARDS: a cross-sectional study of a large, national cohort of African-American and white participants
    Shia T Kent
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Environ Health 10:7. 2011
  4. pmc The association of spatial T wave axis deviation with incident coronary events. The ARIC cohort
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 5:2. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint US demographic trends in mid-arm circumference and recommended blood pressure cuffs for children and adolescents: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-2004
    Ronald J Prineas
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Blood Press Monit 12:75-80. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Long-term prognostic significance of isolated minor electrocardiographic T-wave abnormalities in middle-aged men free of clinical cardiovascular disease (The Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial [MRFIT])
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    Am J Cardiol 90:1391-5. 2002
  7. pmc The sensitivity of the method used to detect atrial fibrillation in population studies affects group-specific prevalence estimates: ethnic and regional distribution of atrial fibrillation in the REGARDS study
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Epidemiol 19:177-81. 2009
  8. pmc Electrocardiographic and clinical predictors separating atherosclerotic sudden cardiac death from incident coronary heart disease
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Epidemiological Cardiology Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Heart 97:1597-601. 2011
  9. doi request reprint Different patterns of bundle-branch blocks and the risk of incident heart failure in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 6:655-61. 2013
  10. doi request reprint Prognostic significance of serial Q/ST-T changes by the Minnesota Code and Novacode in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1430-6. 2012

Detail Information

Publications54

  1. pmc Awareness and management of chronic disease, insurance status, and health professional shortage areas in the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS): a cross-sectional study
    Raegan W Durant
    University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, 1717 11th Avenue South, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 12:208. 2012
    ..We examined variation in awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension, diabetes, and hyperlipidemia according to both geographic and financial access to care...
  2. pmc United States national prevalence of electrocardiographic abnormalities in black and white middle-age (45- to 64-Year) and older (≥65-Year) adults (from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke Study)
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 109:1223-8. 2012
    ....
  3. pmc The association of remotely-sensed outdoor temperature with blood pressure levels in REGARDS: a cross-sectional study of a large, national cohort of African-American and white participants
    Shia T Kent
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Environ Health 10:7. 2011
    ..Evidence is mounting regarding the clinically significant effect of temperature on blood pressure...
  4. pmc The association of spatial T wave axis deviation with incident coronary events. The ARIC cohort
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Epidemiology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    BMC Cardiovasc Disord 5:2. 2005
    ....
  5. ncbi request reprint US demographic trends in mid-arm circumference and recommended blood pressure cuffs for children and adolescents: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1988-2004
    Ronald J Prineas
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Blood Press Monit 12:75-80. 2007
    ....
  6. ncbi request reprint Long-term prognostic significance of isolated minor electrocardiographic T-wave abnormalities in middle-aged men free of clinical cardiovascular disease (The Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial [MRFIT])
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    Am J Cardiol 90:1391-5. 2002
  7. pmc The sensitivity of the method used to detect atrial fibrillation in population studies affects group-specific prevalence estimates: ethnic and regional distribution of atrial fibrillation in the REGARDS study
    Ronald J Prineas
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Epidemiol 19:177-81. 2009
    ..We hypothesized that the reported ethnic and regional distributions of AF are affected by the sensitivity of the methods that were used to detect AF in previous reports...
  8. pmc Electrocardiographic and clinical predictors separating atherosclerotic sudden cardiac death from incident coronary heart disease
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Epidemiological Cardiology Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Heart 97:1597-601. 2011
    ....
  9. doi request reprint Different patterns of bundle-branch blocks and the risk of incident heart failure in the Women's Health Initiative (WHI) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Circ Heart Fail 6:655-61. 2013
    ..We evaluated the risk of incident heart failure (HF) associated with bundle-branch blocks (BBBs) in postmenopausal women...
  10. doi request reprint Prognostic significance of serial Q/ST-T changes by the Minnesota Code and Novacode in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Eur J Prev Cardiol 19:1430-6. 2012
    ....
  11. pmc Ethnic distribution of ECG predictors of atrial fibrillation and its impact on understanding the ethnic distribution of ischemic stroke in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    Stroke 40:1204-11. 2009
    ..Hence, this study aimed to use the ethnic distribution of ECG predictors of AF as measures of AF propensity in different ethnic groups...
  12. pmc Electrocardiographic predictors of incident heart failure in men and women free from manifest cardiovascular disease (from the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities [ARIC] study)
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Cardiol 112:843-9. 2013
    ....
  13. pmc Comparison of the prognostic significance of the electrocardiographic QRS/T angles in predicting incident coronary heart disease and total mortality (from the atherosclerosis risk in communities study)
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 100:844-9. 2007
    ..In conclusion, frontal plane QRS/T angle as an easily derived risk measure is a suitable clinical substitute for spatial QRS/T angle for risk prediction...
  14. pmc Gender differences between the Minnesota code and Novacode electrocardiographic prognostication of coronary heart disease in the cardiovascular health study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Cardiol 107:817-820.e1. 2011
    ..In conclusion, ECG classification systems for myocardial infarction/ischemia abnormalities by MC or Nova are valuable and useful for men and women in clinical trials and epidemiologic studies...
  15. ncbi request reprint Normal standards for QT and QT subintervals derived from a large ethnically diverse population of women aged 50 to 79 years (the Women's Health Initiative [WHI])
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 97:730-7. 2006
    ..Bazett's formula is inappropriate for testing new drugs or other applications...
  16. pmc Ambient fine particulate matter exposure and myocardial ischemia in the Environmental Epidemiology of Arrhythmogenesis in the Women's Health Initiative (EEAWHI) study
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiologic Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    Environ Health Perspect 117:751-6. 2009
    ..Ambient particulate matter (PM) air pollution is associated with coronary heart disease, but the pathways underlying the association remain to be elucidated...
  17. pmc Calculating Cornell voltage from nonstandard chest electrode recording site in the Reasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke study
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, 2000 West First St, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Electrocardiol 43:209-14. 2010
    ..We examined the possibility that the S-wave amplitude in the mid-sternal lead (SV) could be used as a surrogate for SV(3)...
  18. doi request reprint Mortality risk associated with bundle branch blocks and related repolarization abnormalities (from the Women's Health Initiative [WHI])
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 110:1489-95. 2012
    ..In conclusion, prevalent LBBB in CVD-free women and LBBB and RBBB in women with CVD were significant predictors of CHD death. In women with LBBB, ST J-point depression in lead aVL was a strong independent predictor of CHD death...
  19. ncbi request reprint Diabetes, glucose, insulin, and heart rate variability: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Emily B Schroeder
    Duke University School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:668-74. 2005
    ..To describe the progression of autonomic impairment among individuals with diabetes and pre-diabetic metabolic impairments...
  20. pmc Prevalence and prognostic significance of ECG abnormalities in HIV-infected patients: results from the Strategies for Management of Antiretroviral Therapy study
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Epidemiological Cardiology Research Center, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Electrocardiol 44:779-85. 2011
    ..It remains debated whether to include resting electrocardiogram (ECG) in the routine care of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients...
  21. pmc Chronic kidney disease and prevalent atrial fibrillation: the Chronic Renal Insufficiency Cohort (CRIC)
    Elsayed Z Soliman
    Department of Epidemiology, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    Am Heart J 159:1102-7. 2010
    ..The epidemiology of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been mainly investigated in patients with end-stage renal disease, with limited data on less advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) stages...
  22. pmc Constructing common cohorts from trials with overlapping eligibility criteria: implications for comparing effect sizes between trials
    David L Mount
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Clin Trials 6:416-29. 2009
    ..Comparing findings from separate trials is necessary to choose among treatment options, however differences among study cohorts may impede these comparisons...
  23. pmc Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial: baseline evaluation of selected nutrients and food group intake
    Mara Z Vitolins
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:1367-75. 2009
    ..Little has been reported regarding food and nutrient intake in individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and most reports have been based on findings in select groups or individuals who self-reported having diabetes...
  24. pmc Intensive lifestyle intervention improves physical function among obese adults with knee pain: findings from the Look AHEAD trial
    Capri G Foy
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:83-93. 2011
    ..The ILI condition also resulted in significant weight loss and improved fitness, which are possible mechanisms through which the ILI condition improved physical function...
  25. doi request reprint Evaluation and comparison of the Minnesota Code and Novacode for electrocardiographic Q-ST wave abnormalities for the independent prediction of incident coronary heart disease and total mortality (from the Women's Health Initiative)
    Zhu Ming Zhang
    EPICARE, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am J Cardiol 106:18-25.e2. 2010
    ..ST-T abnormalities are stronger predictors for CHD events and total mortality than isolated Q-wave abnormalities...
  26. pmc Ambient particulate air pollution and ectopy--the environmental epidemiology of arrhythmogenesis in Women's Health Initiative Study, 1999-2004
    Duanping Liao
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Hershey, Pennsylvania 17033, USA
    J Toxicol Environ Health A 72:30-8. 2009
    ..Acute PM(2.5) and PM(10) exposure is directly associated with the odds of VE among smokers, suggesting that they are more vulnerable to the arrhythmogenic effects of PM...
  27. pmc Describing patterns of weight changes using principal components analysis: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) research group
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine and Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:701-10. 2009
    ..To demonstrate how principal components analysis can be used to describe patterns of weight changes in response to an intensive lifestyle intervention...
  28. doi request reprint Associations between electrocardiographic interval durations and coronary artery calcium scores: the Diabetes Heart Study
    Matthew R Nelson
    Department of Medicine Cardiology Section, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Pacing Clin Electrophysiol 31:314-21. 2008
    ..We examined the relationship between coronary artery disease, measured by coronary artery calcified plaque (CAC), and the duration of QRS, JT, and QT intervals, among predominantly type two diabetic participants...
  29. ncbi request reprint A simple procedure for estimation of the spatial QRS/T angle from the standard 12-lead electrocardiogram
    Pentti M Rautaharju
    EpiCare Center, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Electrocardiol 40:300-4. 2007
    ..It is concluded that this simple method may provide a satisfactory substitute for QRS/T from the matrix transformation method...
  30. doi request reprint Mid-arm circumference and recommended blood pressure cuffs for children and adolescents aged between 3 and 19 years: data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1999-2010
    Yechiam Ostchega
    aDivision of Health and Nutrition Examination Statistics bOffice of Research and Methodology, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland cDivision of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Blood Press Monit 19:26-31. 2014
    ..Accurately measuring blood pressure (BP) requires choosing an appropriate BP cuff size...
  31. ncbi request reprint Hypertension, blood pressure, and heart rate variability: the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) study
    Emily B Schroeder
    Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of North Carolina, 137 E Franklin St, Ste 306, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    Hypertension 42:1106-11. 2003
    ..These findings thus support the thesis that the autonomic nervous system is involved in the development of hypertension, yet suggest that differences in the autonomic profile of hypertensives and normotensives do not increase with time...
  32. ncbi request reprint Estimating equations and tables for adult mid-arm circumference based on measured height and weight: data from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III) and NHANES 1999-2000
    Yechiam Ostchega
    Division of Health Nutrition Examination Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, Maryland, USA
    Blood Press Monit 9:123-31. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to develop practical prediction equations for estimating mid-arm circumference (AC) in adults using NHANES III & NHANES 1999-2000 data...
  33. pmc Regional differences in diabetes as a possible contributor to the geographic disparity in stroke mortality: the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke Study
    Jenifer H Voeks
    Departments of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 0022, USA
    Stroke 39:1675-80. 2008
    ....
  34. ncbi request reprint Asymptomatic myocardial ischaemia in HIV-infected adults
    Andrew Carr
    St Vincent s Hospital, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
    AIDS 22:257-67. 2008
    ..Asymptomatic ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in HIV-infected patients has not been studied...
  35. doi request reprint Dietary fish and omega-3 fatty acid consumption and heart rate variability in US adults
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass, USA
    Circulation 117:1130-7. 2008
    ..We hypothesized that habitual consumption of fish and marine omega-3 fatty acids would be associated with more favorable HRV, elucidating electrophysiological influences and supporting effects on clinical risk...
  36. doi request reprint Associations of psychosocial factors with heart rate and its short-term variability: multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis
    Tetsuya Ohira
    Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, 1300 South 2nd Street, Suite 300, Minneapolis, MN 55454 1015, USA
    Psychosom Med 70:141-6. 2008
    ..To examine the association of psychosocial factors with heart rate (HR) and its variability across multiple ethnic groups and by gender. Increased HR and reduced HR variability are markers of increased cardiovascular risk...
  37. ncbi request reprint Electrocardiographic abnormalities in individuals with long-duration type 1 diabetes
    Barbara E K Klein
    Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine, Madison, Wisconsin 53726, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:145-7. 2005
  38. ncbi request reprint Repeatability of heart rate variability measures
    Emily B Schroeder
    Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
    J Electrocardiol 37:163-72. 2004
    ..Researchers using 10-second records should consider taking the mean of several recordings, when possible, or using statistical methods to correct for measurement error...
  39. doi request reprint Metabolic syndrome and mortality in older adults: the Cardiovascular Health Study
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, and Department of Epidemiology, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    Arch Intern Med 168:969-78. 2008
    ..In addition, few studies have compared the predictive utility of MetS to that of its individual risk factors...
  40. ncbi request reprint Case definitions for acute coronary heart disease in epidemiology and clinical research studies: a statement from the AHA Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; AHA Statistics Committee; World Heart Federation Council on Epidemiology and Prevention; the
    Russell V Luepker
    Circulation 108:2543-9. 2003
  41. pmc Relation of heart rate parameters during exercise test to sudden death and all-cause mortality in asymptomatic men
    A Selcuk Adabag
    Division of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
    Am J Cardiol 101:1437-43. 2008
    ..In conclusion, middle-aged men without clinical CHD who stopped exercise before reaching 85% of maximal HR had a higher risk of sudden death. Other exercise HR parameters and exercise duration predicted all-cause mortality...
  42. ncbi request reprint National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000: effect of observer training and protocol standardization on reducing blood pressure measurement error
    Yechiam Ostchega
    Division of Health Examination Statistics, National Center for Health Statistics, NHANES Program, 3311 Toledo Road, Room 4319, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hyattsville, MD 20782, USA
    J Clin Epidemiol 56:768-74. 2003
    ..We describe the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) blood pressure (BP) observer training and protocol standardization and evaluate the quality of BP measurement...
  43. ncbi request reprint Relation of insulin resistance and body composition to left ventricular mass in children
    Julia Steinberger
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, MMC 94, 420 Delaware Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Am J Cardiol 90:1177-80. 2002
  44. ncbi request reprint Relation of body mass index and insulin resistance to cardiovascular risk factors, inflammatory factors, and oxidative stress during adolescence
    Alan R Sinaiko
    Department of Pediatrics, University of Minnesota Medical School, 420 Delaware St SE, Box 491 UMHC, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA
    Circulation 111:1985-91. 2005
    ..This study assessed the relation of fatness and insulin resistance and their interaction with cardiovascular risk factors, inflammatory factors, and oxidative stress in thin and heavy adolescents...
  45. ncbi request reprint Short-term repeatability of electrocardiographic spatial T-wave axis and QT interval
    Georgeta D Vaidean
    Department of Medicine, University of North Carolina Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27514, USA
    J Electrocardiol 38:139-47. 2005
    ..We conclude that the spatial T-wave axis is as repeatable a measure of ventricular repolarization as the QT interval...
  46. ncbi request reprint The reasons for geographic and racial differences in stroke study: objectives and design
    Virginia J Howard
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 25:135-43. 2005
    ..Participants are followed via telephone at 6-month intervals for identification of stroke events. The novel aspects of the REGARDS study allow for the creation of a national cohort to address geographic and ethnic differences in stroke...
  47. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and determinants of electrocardiographic left ventricular hypertrophy among a multiethnic population of postmenopausal women (The Women's Health Initiative)
    Albert Oberman
    Division of Preventive Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Cardiol 97:512-9. 2006
    ..Intervention on these factors may provide strategies for reducing LVH, a strong independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among women...
  48. ncbi request reprint Association of single measurements of dipstick proteinuria, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and hematocrit with 25-year incidence of end-stage renal disease in the multiple risk factor intervention trial
    Areef Ishani
    Division of Nephrology 111J, Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, One Veterans Drive, Minneapolis, MN 55417, USA
    J Am Soc Nephrol 17:1444-52. 2006
    ..73 m(2) were strong predictors of long-term development of ESRD. It remains unknown whether intervention for proteinuria or early identification of those with chronic kidney disease reduces the risk for ESRD...
  49. pmc Arterial stiffness variations by gender in African-American and Caucasian children
    WayWay M Hlaing
    Florida International University, Stempel School of Pubtic Health, Department of Epidemiology and Biostotistics, Miami, FL 33199, USA
    J Natl Med Assoc 98:181-9. 2006
    ..The aim of this study was to assess the gender and ethnic differences in the arterial stiffness levels among children and adolescents...
  50. ncbi request reprint Dietary fish and n-3 fatty acid intake and cardiac electrocardiographic parameters in humans
    Dariush Mozaffarian
    Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 48:478-84. 2006
    ..We evaluated the association between dietary fish intake and several cardiac electrocardiographic parameters in humans relevant to arrhythmic risk...
  51. ncbi request reprint Stop Hypertension with the Acupuncture Research Program (SHARP): results of a randomized, controlled clinical trial
    Eric A Macklin
    New England Research Institutes, Inc, 9 Galen St, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    Hypertension 48:838-45. 2006
    ..Active acupuncture provided no greater benefit than invasive sham acupuncture in reducing systolic or diastolic BP...
  52. ncbi request reprint Major and minor ECG abnormalities in asymptomatic women and risk of cardiovascular events and mortality
    Pablo Denes
    Department of Medicine, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, Ill 60611, USA
    JAMA 297:978-85. 2007
    ..There is no information on the effect, if any, of hormonal treatment on the prognostic value of the ECG...
  53. pmc The association among autonomic nervous system function, incident diabetes, and intervention arm in the Diabetes Prevention Program
    Mercedes R Carnethon
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:914-9. 2006
    ..2 years...