Preston R Miller

Summary

Affiliation: Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Complex blunt aortic injury or repair: beneficial effects of cardiopulmonary bypass use
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27514, USA
    Ann Surg 237:877-83; discussion 883-4. 2003
  2. pmc Prospective evaluation of vacuum-assisted fascial closure after open abdomen: planned ventral hernia rate is substantially reduced
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Surg 239:608-14; discussion 614-6. 2004
  3. ncbi request reprint External fixation or arteriogram in bleeding pelvic fracture: initial therapy guided by markers of arterial hemorrhage
    Preston R Miller
    Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 54:437-43. 2003
  4. ncbi request reprint National nosocomial infection surveillance system: from benchmark to bedside in trauma patients
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Trauma 60:98-103. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Late fascial closure in lieu of ventral hernia: the next step in open abdomen management
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27514, USA
    J Trauma 53:843-9. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint A practical application of practice-based learning: development of an algorithm for empiric antibiotic coverage in ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Trauma 60:725-9; discussion 729-31. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Optimal threshold for diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia using bronchoalveolar lavage
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 55:263-7; discussion 267-8. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Current issues in trauma
    Timothy C Fabian
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Curr Probl Surg 39:1160-244. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Prospective trial of angiography and embolization for all grade III to V blunt splenic injuries: nonoperative management success rate is significantly improved
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC Electronic address
    J Am Coll Surg 218:644-8. 2014
  10. ncbi request reprint Emergency department length of stay is an independent predictor of hospital mortality in trauma activation patients
    Nathan T Mowery
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 70:1317-25. 2011

Detail Information

Publications48

  1. pmc Complex blunt aortic injury or repair: beneficial effects of cardiopulmonary bypass use
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27514, USA
    Ann Surg 237:877-83; discussion 883-4. 2003
    ..Special consideration is given to the influence of bypass in the outcome of complex injuries or repair circumstances...
  2. pmc Prospective evaluation of vacuum-assisted fascial closure after open abdomen: planned ventral hernia rate is substantially reduced
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Surg 239:608-14; discussion 614-6. 2004
    ..The goal of this report is to examine the success of vacuum-assisted fascial closure (VAFC) under a carefully applied protocol in abdominal closure after open abdomen...
  3. ncbi request reprint External fixation or arteriogram in bleeding pelvic fracture: initial therapy guided by markers of arterial hemorrhage
    Preston R Miller
    Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 54:437-43. 2003
    ..Our aim was to evaluate markers of arterial bleeding in patients with BPF, thus identifying patients requiring early ANGIO regardless of fracture pattern...
  4. ncbi request reprint National nosocomial infection surveillance system: from benchmark to bedside in trauma patients
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Trauma 60:98-103. 2006
    ..This relies on a combination of clinical and culture data. Our goal was to evaluate the accuracy of the NNIS definition as compared with BAL diagnosis in trauma patients...
  5. ncbi request reprint Late fascial closure in lieu of ventral hernia: the next step in open abdomen management
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27514, USA
    J Trauma 53:843-9. 2002
    ..We review a method of late primary fascial closure, thus eliminating the need for delayed reconstruction in some patients...
  6. ncbi request reprint A practical application of practice-based learning: development of an algorithm for empiric antibiotic coverage in ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Trauma 60:725-9; discussion 729-31. 2006
    ..Our goal was to describe the successful application of PBL to patient care improvement with development of an algorithm for the empiric therapy of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP)...
  7. ncbi request reprint Optimal threshold for diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia using bronchoalveolar lavage
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 55:263-7; discussion 267-8. 2003
    ..In this project, the effects of lower diagnostic cutoffs on VAP diagnosis and unnecessary antibiotic use are examined...
  8. ncbi request reprint Current issues in trauma
    Timothy C Fabian
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    Curr Probl Surg 39:1160-244. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Prospective trial of angiography and embolization for all grade III to V blunt splenic injuries: nonoperative management success rate is significantly improved
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC Electronic address
    J Am Coll Surg 218:644-8. 2014
    ..We hypothesized that angiography and embolization of high-grade blunt splenic injury would reduce NOM failure rates in this population...
  10. ncbi request reprint Emergency department length of stay is an independent predictor of hospital mortality in trauma activation patients
    Nathan T Mowery
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 70:1317-25. 2011
    ..Our hypothesis is that increased ED length of stay (LOS) leads to increased hospital mortality in patients not undergoing immediate surgical intervention...
  11. ncbi request reprint Colonic resection in the setting of damage control laparotomy: is delayed anastomosis safe?
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Am Surg 73:606-9; discussion 609-10. 2007
    ..To our knowledge, this represents the first reported series of DA after DCL, an area in which further work is needed to carefully define indications for the safe application of this concept...
  12. ncbi request reprint Increased insulin requirements are associated with pneumonia after severe injury
    R Shayn Martin
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 63:358-64. 2007
    ..Little is known about how insulin requirements are affected by the presence of infection, and therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize this relationship...
  13. ncbi request reprint Relationship of early hyperglycemia to mortality in trauma patients
    Amanda M Laird
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma 56:1058-62. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the relationship different levels of early blood glucose elevation to outcome in a trauma ICU population...
  14. doi request reprint Traumatic pulmonary pathology measured with computed tomography and a semiautomated analytic method
    Melissa Daly
    Virginia Tech Wake Forest University School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Center for Injury Biomechanics, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Clin Imaging 32:346-54. 2008
    ..When used to predict which patients were at risk for ARDS, the method presented in this study had a sensitivity of 57% and a specificity of 100%...
  15. ncbi request reprint Multiplicity of solid organ injury: influence on management and outcomes after blunt abdominal trauma
    Ajai K Malhotra
    Department of Surgery, Medical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, 23298, USA
    J Trauma 54:925-9. 2003
    ..The current study was undertaken to examine how concomitant injury to liver and spleen after blunt abdominal trauma affects management and outcomes...
  16. ncbi request reprint Blunt aortic injury with concomitant intra-abdominal solid organ injury: treatment priorities revisited
    John M Santaniello
    Department of Surgery, Loyola University Medical Center, Stritch School of Medicine, Maywook, Illinois 60153, USA
    J Trauma 53:442-5; discussion 445. 2002
    ..We evaluated the safety of nonoperative management (NOM) of blunt L/S injuries in patients undergoing acute BAI repair with bypass...
  17. doi request reprint Locally derived versus guideline-based approach to treatment of hospital-acquired pneumonia in the trauma intensive care unit
    Robert D Becher
    Acute Care Surgery Service, Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 13:352-9. 2012
    ..Our hypothesis was that an empiric algorithm supported by our locally-driven analysis would predict more accurate coverage than one defined strictly by an unmodified guideline-driven approach...
  18. ncbi request reprint Prospective comparison of bronchoalveolar lavage and quantitative deep tracheal aspirate in the diagnosis of ventilator associated pneumonia
    Matthew M Mondi
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University Bowman Gray School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Trauma 59:891-5; discussion 895-6. 2005
    ..We currently use bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of QDEA as compared with BAL in diagnosing VAP in trauma patients...
  19. doi request reprint National Trauma Institute prospective evaluation of the ventilator bundle in trauma patients: does it really work?
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 74:354-60; discussion 360-2. 2013
    ..To provide evidence of its efficacy, the National Trauma Institute organized a prospective multi-institutional trial to evaluate the utility of the VB...
  20. ncbi request reprint Does Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II provide a valid metric to directly compare disease severity in trauma versus surgical intensive care unit patients?
    Robert D Becher
    Acute Care Surgery Service, Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am Surg 78:1261-9. 2012
    ..Improved severity scoring systems are needed to conduct clinically relevant and methodologically valid comparisons between these unique groups...
  21. ncbi request reprint Injury-associated hypothermia: an analysis of the 2004 National Trauma Data Bank
    R Shayn Martin
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Shock 24:114-8. 2005
    ..Although shock severity is highly indicative of outcome, hypothermia independently contributes to the substantial mortality associated with severe injury...
  22. ncbi request reprint Non-helmeted motorcyclists: a burden to society? A study using the National Trauma Data Bank
    Jonathan C Hundley
    Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 57:944-9. 2004
    ..In this study, we evaluated the effect that helmet use had upon injury severity, outcome controlling for alcohol or drug use, resource utilization, and financial burden using the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB)...
  23. ncbi request reprint Validation of stroke work and ventricular arterial coupling as markers of cardiovascular performance during resuscitation
    R Shayn Martin
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 60:930-4; discussion 934-5. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the capabilities of a completely automated data management system by further evaluating SWI-based resuscitation...
  24. doi request reprint An innovative approach to predict the development of adult respiratory distress syndrome in patients with blunt trauma
    Robert D Becher
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:1229-35. 2012
    ..In this study, we test the hypothesis that a novel method that objectively measures percent PC can be used to identify patients at risk to develop ARDS after injury...
  25. ncbi request reprint Does gender difference influence outcome?
    Martin A Croce
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 53:889-94. 2002
    ..We evaluated the effect of gender on various outcomes in trauma patients...
  26. doi request reprint Stapled versus hand-sewn anastomoses in emergency general surgery: a retrospective review of outcomes in a unique patient population
    Jason P Farrah
    Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 74:1187-92; discussion 1192-4. 2013
    ..The purpose of the current study was to compare outcomes of hand-sewn (HS) versus stapled (ST) bowel anastomoses in EGS patients...
  27. ncbi request reprint Novel resuscitation strategy for pulmonary contusion after severe chest trauma
    Michael E Kelly
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee, USA
    J Trauma 55:94-105. 2003
    ..To fill these gaps, this study evaluated the therapeutic potential of a novel adenosine A2a agonist during fluid resuscitation from severe chest trauma with either standard-of-care crystalloid or Hextend...
  28. ncbi request reprint Are plain radiographs of the spine necessary during evaluation after blunt trauma? Accuracy of screening torso computed tomography in thoracic/lumbar spine fracture diagnosis
    Gabriel E Berry
    Department of Surgery and Radiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 59:1410-3; discussion 1413. 2005
    ..The objective of this study is to determine whether the data obtained from admission chest/abdomen/pelvis (CAP) computed tomography (CT) scans after blunt trauma has utility in thoracolumbar spine evaluation...
  29. ncbi request reprint The trend of using computed tomography in the detection of acute thoracic aortic and branch vessel injury after blunt thoracic trauma: single-center experience over 13 years
    Michael Y M Chen
    Department of Radiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1088, USA
    J Trauma 56:783-5. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to review the trend of using chest computed tomography (CT) and aortography in evaluating patients with blunt thoracic trauma...
  30. doi request reprint Systemic inflammation worsens outcomes in emergency surgical patients
    Robert D Becher
    Acute Care Surgery Service, Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 72:1140-9. 2012
    ..This study sought to determine the influence of preoperative systemic inflammation on postoperative outcome in patients requiring emergent colon surgery...
  31. ncbi request reprint Acute respiratory distress syndrome in blunt trauma: identification of independent risk factors
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163, USA
    Am Surg 68:845-50; discussion 850-1. 2002
    ..Improvement in understanding of which patients are actually at risk may allow for advances in treatment as well as prevention in the future...
  32. ncbi request reprint A critical assessment of outcomes in emergency versus nonemergency general surgery using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database
    Robert D Becher
    Acute Care Surgery Service, Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Am Surg 77:951-9. 2011
    ..This data suggests that there is a need for improvement in both methods and systems of care for the emergent population...
  33. ncbi request reprint A semi-automated approach for measuring splenic injury using computed tomography
    Kerry A Danelson
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Biomed Sci Instrum 43:13-7. 2007
    ..The results demonstrated as the AIS grade increased, the percent injury volume increased. In conclusion, it is possible to calculate injury volumes from abdominal CT scans with minimal user inputs...
  34. ncbi request reprint Risk of thoracolumbar fractures doubled in victims of motor vehicle collisions with cervical spine fractures
    James E Winslow
    Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1089, USA
    J Trauma 61:686-7. 2006
    ..We sought to determine the actual association between these injuries in a large nationwide data set...
  35. doi request reprint Acute care surgery: impact on practice and economics of elective surgeons
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 214:531-5; discussion 536-8. 2012
    ..The aim of this project is to examine the impact in terms of work relative value units (wRVUs), collections, and cases in both groups with creation of an acute care surgery service at our institution...
  36. doi request reprint Creation and implementation of an emergency general surgery registry modeled after the National Trauma Data Bank
    Robert D Becher
    Acute Care Surgery Service, Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 214:156-63. 2012
    ..The hypothesis was that creating standardized ICD-9-based inclusion criteria would facilitate patient identification for an EGSR and aid in its ongoing development...
  37. doi request reprint Multidrug-resistant pathogens and pneumonia: comparing the trauma and surgical intensive care units
    Robert D Becher
    Acute Care Surgery Service, Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Surg Infect (Larchmt) 12:267-72. 2011
    ..Our hypothesis was that SICU patients would have a higher incidence of multi-drug-resistant (MDR) organisms causing VAP/HAP, possibly contributing to inadequate empiric antibiotic (IEA) coverage...
  38. ncbi request reprint The pathogenesis of pulmonary contusion: an open chest model in the rat
    J Jason Hoth
    Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 61:32-44; discussion 44-5. 2006
    ..Herein we describe an open chest model of pulmonary contusion (PC) in a rodent (rat) and have identified a possible role for CC and CXC chemokines in the pathogenesis of PC...
  39. ncbi request reprint Associated injuries in blunt solid organ trauma: implications for missed injury in nonoperative management
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis 38163, USA
    J Trauma 53:238-42; discussion 242-4. 2002
    ..To better understand the incidence and risk of missed injury, patterns of associated intra-abdominal injury were examined in all patients with blunt liver and spleen injuries, and missed injuries were reviewed in patients undergoing NOM...
  40. doi request reprint Aberrant obturator artery is a common arterial variant that may be a source of unidentified hemorrhage in pelvic fracture patients
    Jay A Requarth
    Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiologic Sciences, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 70:366-72. 2011
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe the incidence of the AOA using angiography and determine the sensitivity of 64-slice computed tomography angiography (CTA) at identifying the AOA...
  41. ncbi request reprint Surgical intensive care unit mobility is increased after institution of a computerized mobility order set and intensive care unit mobility protocol: a prospective cohort analysis
    Amy N Hildreth
    Department of Surgery, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Am Surg 76:818-22. 2010
    ..Further studies should focus on measurement of the effect of mobility interventions on patient outcomes...
  42. ncbi request reprint Elevated admission white blood cell count in pregnant trauma patients: an indicator of ongoing placental abruption
    Shuchi Shah
    Department of General Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Am Surg 68:644-7. 2002
    ..Conversely WBC <20,000/mm3 rules out PA in the pregnant trauma patient (negative predictive value of 100%)...
  43. doi request reprint The splenic artery stump pressure is affected by arterial anatomy after proximal embolotherapy in blunt splenic injury
    Jay Anthony Requarth
    Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27106, USA
    J Trauma Acute Care Surg 73:1221-4. 2012
    ..Proximal splenic artery embolotherapy can be used as an adjunct to nonoperative management of blunt splenic injury (BSI); however, the hemodynamic changes in the distal splenic artery after proximal splenic artery occlusion are unknown...
  44. doi request reprint Nonoperative management of adult blunt splenic injury with and without splenic artery embolotherapy: a meta-analysis
    Jay A Requarth
    Section of Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Department of Radiologic Sciences, Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Trauma 71:898-903; discussion 903. 2011
    ..This meta-analysis compares the known outcomes data for observational management versus SAE by splenic injury grade cohort...
  45. pmc Prospective screening for blunt cerebrovascular injuries: analysis of diagnostic modalities and outcomes
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennessee 38163, USA
    Ann Surg 236:386-93; discussion 393-5. 2002
    ....
  46. doi request reprint Vacuum-assisted closure for defects of the abdominal wall
    Anthony J DeFranzo
    Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1075, USA
    Plast Reconstr Surg 121:832-9. 2008
    ..Ideally, reconstruction should be performed on a nonedematous, clean tissue bed with bacterial levels less than 10 bacteria/cm in a well-nourished patient...
  47. ncbi request reprint Resuscitation with a novel hemoglobin-based oxygen carrier in a Swine model of uncontrolled perioperative hemorrhage
    Ajai K Malhotra
    Department of Surgery, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, USA
    J Trauma 54:915-24. 2003
    ..The current study evaluates the efficacy of this novel compound for resuscitation in a swine model of uncontrolled perioperative hemorrhage...
  48. pmc Improving outcomes following penetrating colon wounds: application of a clinical pathway
    Preston R Miller
    Department of Surgery, The University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, 38163, USA
    Ann Surg 235:775-81. 2002
    ..Based on these outcomes, a clinical pathway for management of destructive colon wounds was developed. The results of the implementation of this pathway are the focus of this report...