Mark A Hall

Summary

Affiliation: Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Development of abbreviated measures to assess patient trust in a physician, a health insurer, and the medical profession
    Elizabeth Dugan
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, The University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:64. 2005
  2. pmc How patient-physician encounters in critical medical situations affect trust: results of a national survey
    Rahul A Shenolikar
    Division of Management, Policy and Community Health, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Herman Pressler, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:24. 2004
  3. pmc Trust in physicians and medical institutions: what is it, can it be measured, and does it matter?
    M A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Milbank Q 79:613-39, v. 2001
  4. ncbi request reprint Genetic screening for iron overload: No evidence of discrimination at 1 year
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University Medical School, Department of Public Health Sciences, 2000 West 1st Street, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Fam Pract 56:829-34. 2007
  5. ncbi request reprint The impact and enforcement of prudent layperson laws
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 43:558-66. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Researching medical trust in the United States
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Health Organ Manag 20:456-67. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Health insurers' medical necessity determinations for bariatric surgery
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 1:86-90. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint For-profit conversion of Blue Cross plans: public benefit or public harm?
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:443-63. 2006
  9. pmc The impact on patient trust of legalising physician aid in dying
    M Hall
    Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Med Ethics 31:693-7. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Reviving managed care with health savings accounts
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, at Wake Forest University Medical School, in Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:1490-500. 2005

Detail Information

Publications72

  1. pmc Development of abbreviated measures to assess patient trust in a physician, a health insurer, and the medical profession
    Elizabeth Dugan
    Division of Geriatric Medicine, The University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 5:64. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to develop three abbreviated scales to measure trust in: (1) a physician, (2) a health insurer, and (3) the medical profession...
  2. pmc How patient-physician encounters in critical medical situations affect trust: results of a national survey
    Rahul A Shenolikar
    Division of Management, Policy and Community Health, University of Texas School of Public Health, 1200 Herman Pressler, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    BMC Health Serv Res 4:24. 2004
    ..This study examines the association between patient-physician encounters in such critical medical situations and patients' trust in their physician and in the medical profession in general...
  3. pmc Trust in physicians and medical institutions: what is it, can it be measured, and does it matter?
    M A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Milbank Q 79:613-39, v. 2001
    ..This conceptual and empirical understanding has significance for ethics, law, and public policy...
  4. ncbi request reprint Genetic screening for iron overload: No evidence of discrimination at 1 year
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University Medical School, Department of Public Health Sciences, 2000 West 1st Street, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Fam Pract 56:829-34. 2007
    ..This study measured the extent of insurance and employment problems associated with population screening for hereditary hemochromatosis and iron overload...
  5. ncbi request reprint The impact and enforcement of prudent layperson laws
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Ann Emerg Med 43:558-66. 2004
    ..Almost every state has enacted a "prudent layperson" standard for determining insurance coverage for emergency department (ED) services. This study evaluates whether these laws are achieving their goals or causing unintended side effects...
  6. ncbi request reprint Researching medical trust in the United States
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Health Organ Manag 20:456-67. 2006
    ..This article reviews research in the U.S.A. bearing on trust in physicians and medical institutions...
  7. ncbi request reprint Health insurers' medical necessity determinations for bariatric surgery
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Surg Obes Relat Dis 1:86-90. 2005
    ..This study explored how state managed-care patient protection laws affect health insurers' criteria for medical necessity, using bariatric surgery for weight reduction as a case in point...
  8. ncbi request reprint For-profit conversion of Blue Cross plans: public benefit or public harm?
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Annu Rev Public Health 27:443-63. 2006
    ....
  9. pmc The impact on patient trust of legalising physician aid in dying
    M Hall
    Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Department of Public Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Med Ethics 31:693-7. 2005
    ..Little empirical evidence exists to support either side of the ongoing debate over whether legalising physician aid in dying would undermine patient trust...
  10. ncbi request reprint Reviving managed care with health savings accounts
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, at Wake Forest University Medical School, in Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:1490-500. 2005
    ....
  11. pmc The impact of Blue Cross conversions on accessibility, affordability, and the public interest
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Department of Public Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Milbank Q 81:509-42. 2003
  12. pmc Learning from the legal history of billing for medical fees
    Mark A Hall
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:1257-60. 2008
    ..Consumer-directed health care makes this problem newly pressing, but law and ethics have thought for millennia about how doctors should bill patients...
  13. doi request reprint The professional ethics of billing and collections
    Mark A Hall
    School of Law, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    JAMA 300:1806-8. 2008
  14. doi request reprint Model safety-net programs could care for the uninsured at one-half the cost of Medicaid or private insurance
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 30:1698-707. 2011
    ....
  15. doi request reprint Access to care provided by better safety net systems for the uninsured: measuring and conceptualizing adequacy
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 68:441-61. 2011
    ..On balance the five safety net systems profiled here meet the needs of low-income uninsured residents at a level that is roughly similar to that for people with insurance...
  16. pmc The mission of safety net organizations following national insurance reform
    Mark A Hall
    Center for Bioethics, Health and Society, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 26:802-5. 2011
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Measuring trust in medical researchers
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Department of Social Science and Health Policy, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Med Care 44:1048-53. 2006
    ..This project aims to enable more rigorous study of researcher trust by developing and testing appropriate survey measures...
  18. ncbi request reprint Paying for individual health insurance through tax-sheltered cafeteria plans
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University Medical School, Division of Public Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Inquiry 47:252-61. 2010
    ..For health reform to have its greatest effect, federal regulators must clarify whether individual health insurance can be purchased on a pre-tax basis through a cafeteria plan...
  19. pmc Using payroll deduction to shelter individual health insurance from income tax
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Social Science and Health Policy, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Health Serv Res 46:348-64. 2011
    ..To assess the impact of state laws requiring or encouraging employers to establish "section 125" cafeteria plans that shelter employees' premium contributions from tax...
  20. doi request reprint Commentary: Per capita payments in clinical trials: reasonable costs versus bounty hunting
    Mark A Hall
    Center for Bioethics, Health and Society, Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Acad Med 85:1554-6. 2010
    ..In addition, the surplus from research budgets is not shared directly with individual investigators. However, further investigation is needed to determine whether practices outside AMCs pose greater concerns...
  21. doi request reprint The three types of reinsurance created by federal health reform
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 29:1168-72. 2010
    ..This article explains the structure of and purpose for each reinsurance provision and why it should no longer be needed once reinsurance helps launch health reform safely...
  22. pmc Biobanking, consent, and commercialization in international genetics research: the Type 1 Diabetes Genetics Consortium
    Mark A Hall
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Clin Trials 7:S33-45. 2010
    ..and..
  23. ncbi request reprint Law, medicine, and trust
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    J Nurs Law 9:33-84. 2003
  24. ncbi request reprint Patients as consumers: courts, contracts, and the new medical marketplace
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    Mich Law Rev 106:643-89. 2008
    ..This Article proposes legal solutions to the plight of the patient-as-consumer and asks what that plight tells us about market solutions to the health-care quandary...
  25. ncbi request reprint Measuring patients' trust in their primary care providers
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 59:293-318. 2002
    ..Correlations are equivalent with lack of disputes, length of relationship, and number of visits [corrected]...
  26. ncbi request reprint Impact of hemochromatosis screening in patients with indeterminate results: the hemochromatosis and iron overload screening study
    Roger T Anderson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Genet Med 8:681-7. 2006
    ..Assess the quality of life impact of receiving indeterminate test results for hemochromatosis, a disorder involving HFE genetic mutations and/or elevated serum transferrin saturation and ferritin...
  27. ncbi request reprint Concerns in a primary care population about genetic discrimination by insurers
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University Medical School, Department of Public Health Sciences, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Genet Med 7:311-6. 2005
    ..This is a major impetus for laws limiting insurers' use of genetic information, yet there is little information about the extent of this fear in the general population and how it varies by social factors...
  28. ncbi request reprint Patient acceptability of genotypic testing for hemochromatosis in primary care
    Roger T Anderson
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Genet Med 7:557-63. 2005
    ..Genetic screening can enable timely detection and treatment of hereditary hemochromatosis (HH). Little is known about patient acceptability of DNA testing as compared to conventional phenotypic testing...
  29. ncbi request reprint An exploration of patients' trust in physicians in training
    Denise E Bonds
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Section of Epidemiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 15:294-306. 2004
    ..These patients from lower socioeconomic groups had relatively high levels of trust compared with patients from higher socioeconomic groups discussed in the literature...
  30. ncbi request reprint The impact of state managed care liability statutes
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 22:138-45. 2003
    ..This suggests that a federal liability statute is not likely to greatly increase liability exposure unless it allows such suits...
  31. ncbi request reprint Do employers voluntarily include patient protections in self-insured managed care plans?
    Janice S Lawlor
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Manag Care Interface 18:76-80. 2005
    ..Less common in these plans were features providing for independent external appeal of coverage denials and for protecting network providers from undue influence by plan administrators...
  32. pmc Trust in the medical profession: conceptual and measurement issues
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Health Serv Res 37:1419-39. 2002
    ..To develop and test a multi-item measure for general trust in physicians, in contrast with trust in a specific physician...
  33. ncbi request reprint The importance of trust for ethics, law, and public policy
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Law, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Camb Q Healthc Ethics 14:156-67. 2005
  34. pmc Developing model language for disclosing financial interests to potential clinical research participants
    Kevin P Weinfurt
    Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, USA
    IRB 29:1-5. 2007
  35. ncbi request reprint Capitation payment, length of visit, and preventive services: evidence from a national sample of outpatient physicians
    Rajesh Balkrishnan
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Manag Care 8:332-40. 2002
    ..To test the hypothesis that capitation payment to physicians reduces the length of physician-patient encounters but increases use of preventive and health counseling services...
  36. ncbi request reprint Law, medicine, and trust
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    Stanford Law Rev 55:463-527. 2002
  37. ncbi request reprint The impact of Blue Cross conversions on health spending and the uninsured
    Christopher J Conover
    Center for Health Policy, Law, and Management, Terry Sanford Institute of Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:473-82. 2005
    ..State policymakers and regulators might find these results useful in considering future Blue Cross conversions...
  38. ncbi request reprint Development of a scale to measure patients' trust in health insurers
    Beiyao Zheng
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Health Serv Res 37:187-202. 2002
    ..A scale was developed based on our conceptual model of insurer trust. The scale was analyzed for its factor structure, internal consistency, construct validity, and other psychometric properties...
  39. ncbi request reprint State regulation of medical necessity: the case of weight-reduction surgery
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    Duke Law J 53:653-72. 2003
  40. ncbi request reprint Managed care patient protection or provider protection? A qualitative assessment
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Am J Med 117:932-7. 2004
    ..This claim is assessed through a large qualitative study of state managed care patient protection laws...
  41. ncbi request reprint Organizing uninsured safety-net access to specialist physician services
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Social Science and Health Policy at Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 24:741-52. 2013
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint The death of managed care: a regulatory autopsy
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    J Health Polit Policy Law 30:427-52. 2005
    ..However, patient protection laws interacted with other social and market forces, through complex forms of feedback and reinforcement, to bring about more thoroughgoing change than would have otherwise occurred...
  43. ncbi request reprint The scope and limits of public health law
    Mark A Hall
    School of Law, Wake Forest University, P O Box 7206, Winston Salem, NC 27109 7206, USA
    Perspect Biol Med 46:S199-209. 2003
    ..It should not extend to diseases viewed as resulting from social, economic, and political conditions...
  44. ncbi request reprint Of magic wands and kaleidoscopes: fixing problems in the individual market
    Mark A Hall
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Medical School, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) . 2002
    ..What is not acceptable is to hand people subsidies and send them to the unstructured and relatively unregulated individual market, nor will it work to give people unhindered choice between two basically different market segments...
  45. ncbi request reprint Malpractice litigation reform: empirical approaches to establishing the legal standard of care
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Law, Winston Salem, NC 27109 7206, USA
    J Med Pract Manage 19:279-82. 2004
    ....
  46. ncbi request reprint Trust and satisfaction with physicians, insurers, and the medical profession
    Rajesh Balkrishnan
    Department of Management and Policy Sciences, University of Texas, School of Public Health, Houston, Texas 77225, USA
    Med Care 41:1058-64. 2003
    ..However, little is known about how similar or different these types of trust are in reality and the relationship of trust with satisfaction...
  47. doi request reprint Regulating stop-loss coverage may be needed to deter self- insuring small employers from undermining market reforms
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 31:316-23. 2012
    ..But states need federal guidance about how to exercise this authority if they are to promote, or prevent the undermining of, important aspects of federal health care reform...
  48. ncbi request reprint Effect of language immersion on communication with Latino patients
    Shari Barkin
    Department of Pediatrics and Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    N C Med J 64:258-62. 2003
    ..Programs are needed to enhance communication effectiveness with Latino patients. We examined the effect of language immersion training for pediatric faculty on their communication with Latino patients...
  49. ncbi request reprint Genetic enhancement, distributive justice, and the goals of medicine
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    San Diego Law Rev 39:669-81. 2002
  50. ncbi request reprint How disclosing HMO physician incentives affects trust
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine in Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 21:197-206. 2002
    ....
  51. ncbi request reprint Ideology and trust: a reply to Bloche
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    Stanford Law Rev 55:955-67. 2002
  52. pmc Liability implications of physician-directed care coordination
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Law, Winston Salem, NC 27109 7206, USA
    Ann Fam Med 3:115-21. 2005
    ..Various public and private initiatives encourage physicians to coordinate care for patients who have multiple chronic conditions, but physicians may resist doing so for fear of liability. This article assesses the extent of liability risk...
  53. ncbi request reprint Where is the "there" in health law? Can it become a coherent field?
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    Health Matrix Clevel 14:101-5. 2004
  54. ncbi request reprint Government-sponsored reinsurance
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University, USA
    Ann Health Law 19:465-78, 1 p preceding i. 2010
    ..Also, reinsurance can help transition to a new government program or market structure that creates uncertain risks. Whether reinsurance is the best way to accomplish these goals depends greatly on the details...
  55. ncbi request reprint How patients' trust relates to their involvement in medical care
    Felicia Trachtenberg
    New England Research Institutes, 9 Galen Street, Watertown, MA 02472, USA
    J Fam Pract 54:344-52. 2005
    ..To examine the connection between patients' trust and their attitudes toward seeking care, participating in medical decision making, and adhering to treatment recommendations...
  56. ncbi request reprint The role of state regulation in consumer-driven health care
    Timothy S Jost
    Washington and Lee University School of Law, USA
    Am J Law Med 31:395-418. 2005
  57. pmc Trust in insurers and access to physicians: associated enrollee behaviors and changes over time
    Rajesh Balkrishnan
    Division of Management, Policy, and Community Health, University of Texas School of Public Health, Houston 77030, USA
    Health Serv Res 39:813-23. 2004
    ..The study also documents changes in trust in the study population following the disclosure of physician incentives...
  58. pmc Impacts of managed care patient protection laws on health services utilization and patient satisfaction with care
    Frank A Sloan
    Duke University, 125 Old Chemistry Bldg, Box 90253, Durham, NC 27708, USA
    Health Serv Res 40:647-67. 2005
    ..To assess effects of patient protection laws implemented by the vast majority of states during the 1990s on the public's satisfaction and trust relating to health care, and on key utilization measures...
  59. ncbi request reprint Employers' liability risk for managed care injuries
    Mark A Hall
    Wake Forest University School of Law, USA
    Benefits Q 22:45-8. 2006
    ....
  60. pmc Effects of disclosing financial interests on attitudes toward clinical research
    Kevin P Weinfurt
    Center for Clinical and Genetic Economics, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:860-6. 2008
    ..The effects of disclosing financial interests to potential research participants are not well understood...
  61. ncbi request reprint Results communication and patient education after screening for possible hemochromatosis and iron overload: experience from the HEIRS Study of a large ethnically and linguistically diverse group
    Ann P Walker
    Division of Human Genetics, Department of Pediatrics, University of California, Irvine, Orange, California 92868 3298, USA
    Genet Med 9:778-91. 2007
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint Rethinking professional ethics in the cost-sharing era
    G Caleb Alexander
    University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA
    Am J Bioeth 6:W17-22. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Attitudes of African American and low socioeconomic status white women toward medical research
    Deborah F Farmer
    Gerontology at Winston Salem State University, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 18:85-99. 2007
    ..Effective strategies for overcoming barriers and increasing representation are those that establish ongoing relationships with relevant communities...
  64. pmc Disclosing conflicts of interest in clinical research: views of institutional review boards, conflict of interest committees, and investigators
    Kevin P Weinfurt
    Duke University School of Medicine, USA
    J Law Med Ethics 34:581-91, 481. 2006
    ....
  65. ncbi request reprint Effects of state managed care patient protection laws on physician satisfaction
    Frank A Sloan
    Center for Health Policy Duke University, Durham, North Carolina 27708, USA
    Med Care Res Rev 64:585-99. 2007
    ....
  66. pmc Effects of disclosing financial interests on participation in medical research: a randomized vignette trial
    Kevin P Weinfurt
    Center for Clinical and Genetic Economics, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    Am Heart J 156:689-97. 2008
    ..Little is known about the effects of investigators' financial disclosures on potential research participants...
  67. ncbi request reprint In vivo fate-tracing studies using the Scl stem cell enhancer: embryonic hematopoietic stem cells significantly contribute to adult hematopoiesis
    Joachim R Gothert
    Division of Cancer Biology, Telethon Institute for Child Health Research, Center for Child Health Research, University of Western Australia, West Perth, Australia
    Blood 105:2724-32. 2005
    ..Additionally, the HSC-SCL-Cre-ER(T) mice will provide a valuable tool to achieve temporally controlled genetic manipulation of HSCs...
  68. ncbi request reprint The HIPAA headache
    Mark A Hall
    Hastings Cent Rep 38:7; author reply 8. 2008
  69. ncbi request reprint Evidence-based medicine on trial
    Mark A Hall
    JAMA 291:1697; author reply 1698. 2004
  70. pmc Comparison of conflict of interest policies and reported practices in academic medical centers in the United States
    Michaela A Dinan
    Center for Clinical and Genetic Economics, Duke Clinical Research Institute, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    Account Res 13:325-42. 2006
    ..Considerable differences in understanding of conflict of interest policies were observed between IRB and COIC officials...
  71. ncbi request reprint Measuring patients' trust in physicians when assessing quality of care
    David H Thom
    University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 23:124-32. 2004
    ..Several validated measures could be easily included in surveys. While further studies to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of measuring trust and test interventions to improve trust are desirable, the action merits serious consideration...
  72. pmc Policies of academic medical centers for disclosing financial conflicts of interest to potential research participants
    Kevin P Weinfurt
    Center for Clinical and Genetic Economics, Duke Clinical Research Institute, P O Box 17969, Durham, NC 27715, USA
    Acad Med 81:113-8. 2006
    ....