Mark Espeland

Summary

Affiliation: Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Intensive weight loss intervention in older individuals: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus trial
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 61:912-22. 2013
  2. pmc Differences in carotid arterial morphology and composition between individuals with and without obstructive coronary artery disease: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study
    Hunter R Underhill
    Department of Radiology University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10:31. 2008
  3. pmc Designing clinical trials for assessing the effects of cognitive training and physical activity interventions on cognitive outcomes: the Seniors Health and Activity Research Program Pilot (SHARP-P) study, a randomized controlled trial
    Claudine Legault
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Biostatistical Sciences Wachovia 21st floor, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    BMC Geriatr 11:27. 2011
  4. ncbi request reprint Conjugated equine estrogens and global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    JAMA 291:2959-68. 2004
  5. pmc Describing patterns of weight changes using principal components analysis: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) research group
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine and Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:701-10. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Association between reported alcohol intake and cognition: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:228-38. 2005
  7. ncbi request reprint Statistical issues in analyzing 24-hour dietary recall and 24-hour urine collection data for sodium and potassium intakes
    M A Espeland
    Section on Biostatistics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:996-1006. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Benchmarks for designing two-stage studies using modified mini-mental state examinations: experience from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Clin Trials 3:99-106. 2006
  9. pmc Consent for genetics studies among clinical trial participants: findings from Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD)
    M A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Clin Trials 3:443-56. 2006
  10. pmc Measurement characteristics of the ankle-brachial index: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Vasc Med 13:225-33. 2008

Research Grants

  1. Look AHEAD: Action for Health in Diabetes
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2007
  2. Seniors Health and Activity Research Program Pilot (SHARP-P)
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2007
  3. Look AHEAD: Action for Health in Diabetes
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2007
  4. Prevention of Weight Gain in Young Adults
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. doi request reprint Intensive weight loss intervention in older individuals: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes Type 2 diabetes mellitus trial
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 61:912-22. 2013
    ..To compare the effects of 4 years of intensive lifestyle intervention on weight, fitness, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in older and younger individuals...
  2. pmc Differences in carotid arterial morphology and composition between individuals with and without obstructive coronary artery disease: a cardiovascular magnetic resonance study
    Hunter R Underhill
    Department of Radiology University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Cardiovasc Magn Reson 10:31. 2008
    ....
  3. pmc Designing clinical trials for assessing the effects of cognitive training and physical activity interventions on cognitive outcomes: the Seniors Health and Activity Research Program Pilot (SHARP-P) study, a randomized controlled trial
    Claudine Legault
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Biostatistical Sciences Wachovia 21st floor, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    BMC Geriatr 11:27. 2011
    ..Before definitive trials are mounted, important design questions on participation/adherence, training and interventions effects must be answered to more fully inform a full-scale trial...
  4. ncbi request reprint Conjugated equine estrogens and global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    JAMA 291:2959-68. 2004
    ..The effect of estrogen-alone therapy, also evaluated in WHIMS, on cognition has not been established for this population...
  5. pmc Describing patterns of weight changes using principal components analysis: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) research group
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine and Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 19:701-10. 2009
    ..To demonstrate how principal components analysis can be used to describe patterns of weight changes in response to an intensive lifestyle intervention...
  6. ncbi request reprint Association between reported alcohol intake and cognition: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 161:228-38. 2005
    ..Moderate levels of alcohol intake may be associated with better cognition and reduced risk of significant cognitive decline; however, confounding associations with unmeasured factors cannot be ruled out...
  7. ncbi request reprint Statistical issues in analyzing 24-hour dietary recall and 24-hour urine collection data for sodium and potassium intakes
    M A Espeland
    Section on Biostatistics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 153:996-1006. 2001
    ....
  8. ncbi request reprint Benchmarks for designing two-stage studies using modified mini-mental state examinations: experience from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Clin Trials 3:99-106. 2006
    ..The modified mini-mental state examination (3MS) is commonly used as this initial screen in such two-stage designs, however its properties for this role require further study...
  9. pmc Consent for genetics studies among clinical trial participants: findings from Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD)
    M A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Clin Trials 3:443-56. 2006
    ..Increasingly, genetic specimens are collected to expand the value of clinical trials through study of genetic effects on disease incidence, progression or response to interventions...
  10. pmc Measurement characteristics of the ankle-brachial index: results from the Action for Health in Diabetes study
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Vasc Med 13:225-33. 2008
    ..Replicating SBP measurements reduces the error and bias of ABI. Averaging leg-specific values may increase power for characterizing cardiovascular disease risk...
  11. pmc Designing clinical trials of interventions for mobility disability: results from the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot (LIFE-P) trial
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 62:1237-43. 2007
    ..Clinical trials to assess interventions for mobility disability are critically needed; however, data for efficiently designing such trials are lacking...
  12. pmc Brain volumes, cognitive impairment, and conjugated equine estrogens
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:1243-50. 2009
    ....
  13. pmc Relative effects of tamoxifen, raloxifene, and conjugated equine estrogens on cognition
    Mark A Espeland
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Womens Health (Larchmt) 19:371-9. 2010
    ..To compare the relative effects of conjugated equine estrogens (CEE), raloxifene, and tamoxifen therapies on cognition among women aged > or =65 years...
  14. pmc Telephone interview for cognitive status (TICS) screening for clinical trials of physical activity and cognitive training: the seniors health and activity research program pilot (SHARP-P) study
    Mark A Espeland
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Int J Geriatr Psychiatry 26:135-43. 2011
    ..To examine the performance of the Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (TICS) for identifying participants appropriate for trials of physical activity and cognitive training interventions...
  15. pmc Long-term effects of conjugated equine estrogen therapies on domain-specific cognitive function: results from the Women's Health Initiative study of cognitive aging extension
    Mark A Espeland
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1263-71. 2010
    ..To determine whether small decrements in global cognitive function that conjugated equine estrogen (CEE) therapies have been shown to produce in older women persist after cessation and extend to specific cognitive domains...
  16. ncbi request reprint Association between alcohol intake and domain-specific cognitive function in older women
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 27:1-12. 2006
    ..However, our observational study cannot rule out confounding associations with unmeasured factors...
  17. pmc The Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders Pilot (LIFE-P): 2-year follow-up
    W Jack Rejeski
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27109, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:462-7. 2009
    ....
  18. pmc Changes in cognitive function in a randomized trial of physical activity: results of the lifestyle interventions and independence for elders pilot study
    Jeff D Williamson
    Roena Kulynych Center for Memory and Cognition Research, Department of Medicine, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27151, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 64:688-94. 2009
    ....
  19. ncbi request reprint Coronary artery calcium outperforms carotid artery intima-media thickness as a noninvasive index of prevalent coronary artery stenosis
    James G Terry
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25:1723-8. 2005
    ..We compared CAC to IMT for noninvasive detection of prevalent CAD in participants whose coronary status was identified by coronary angiography...
  20. ncbi request reprint Physical activity in prefrail older adults: confidence and satisfaction related to physical function
    W Jack Rejeski
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Box 7868, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27109, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 63:P19-26. 2008
    ..This is an important finding in light of the importance of these process variables in behavior change and quality of life...
  21. pmc Constructing common cohorts from trials with overlapping eligibility criteria: implications for comparing effect sizes between trials
    David L Mount
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Clin Trials 6:416-29. 2009
    ..Comparing findings from separate trials is necessary to choose among treatment options, however differences among study cohorts may impede these comparisons...
  22. pmc Healthy Living Partnerships to Prevent Diabetes (HELP PD): design and methods
    Jeffrey A Katula
    Department of Health and Exercise Science, Wake Forest University, PO Box 7868, Winston Salem, NC 27109, USA
    Contemp Clin Trials 31:71-81. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint Why African-American women are at greater risk for pregnancy-related death
    Margaret Harper
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 17:180-5. 2007
    ..Our study aim was to identify factors that may contribute to the racial disparity in pregnancy-related mortality...
  24. doi request reprint Postmenopausal hormone therapy and cognitive outcomes: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS)
    Laura H Coker
    Department of Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 118:304-10. 2010
    ..05); frontal lobe (P=0.004); and total brain (P=0.07). HT-associated reductions in hippocampal volumes were greatest in women with baseline 3MS scores < or = 90...
  25. pmc The relationship between cognitive function and physical performance in older women: results from the women's health initiative memory study
    Hal H Atkinson
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Sticht Center on Aging, Roena Kulynych Center for Memory and Cognition Research, and Department of Internal Medicine Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 65:300-6. 2010
    ..Cognitive function and physical performance are associated, but the common sequence of cognitive and physical decline remains unclear...
  26. pmc A uniform approach to modeling risk factor relationships for ischemic lesion prevalence and extent: the Women's Health Initiative Magnetic Resonance Imaging study
    Janet A Tooze
    Department of Biostatistical Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Neuroepidemiology 34:55-62. 2010
    ..Typically these associations have been explored separately, but an integrated modeling approach would allow the separate relationships to be consistently described and contrasted...
  27. pmc Enrollment in a brain magnetic resonance study: results from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study (WHIMS-MRI)
    Sarah A Jaramillo
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Acad Radiol 14:603-12. 2007
    ..We use data from a large MRI study to identify factors associated with differential enrollment and to examine potential biases this may produce in study results...
  28. pmc Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial: baseline evaluation of selected nutrients and food group intake
    Mara Z Vitolins
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27104, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 109:1367-75. 2009
    ..Little has been reported regarding food and nutrient intake in individuals diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, and most reports have been based on findings in select groups or individuals who self-reported having diabetes...
  29. pmc Timing of estrogen replacement influences atherosclerosis progression and plaque leukocyte populations in ApoE-/- mice
    Jennifer A Cann
    Department of Pathology, Comparative Medicine Clinical Research Center, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, United States
    Atherosclerosis 201:43-52. 2008
    ..These results suggest that a period of estrogen deficiency followed by reintroduction alters the immunologic environment of atherosclerotic lesions as well as plaque progression...
  30. pmc The association of pericardial fat with incident coronary heart disease: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)
    Jingzhong Ding
    Sticht Center on Aging, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Am J Clin Nutr 90:499-504. 2009
    ..Cross-sectional studies suggest that pericardial fat is positively associated with coronary artery disease independent of total body fat...
  31. ncbi request reprint Pregnancy-related death and health care services
    Margaret A Harper
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 102:273-8. 2003
    ..To examine the association between health care services variables and pregnancy-related death using a contemporary geographically defined population and enhanced methods for case identification...
  32. ncbi request reprint Site-specific progression of carotid artery intimal-medial thickness
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Atherosclerosis 171:137-43. 2003
    ..To characterize the intercorrelation of changes in intimal-medial thickness (IMT) among carotid artery sites and examine the influence of diabetes and sex on these correlations...
  33. ncbi request reprint Racial disparity in pregnancy-related mortality following a live birth outcome
    Margaret A Harper
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology M A H, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 14:274-9. 2004
    ..We conducted this study to determine if differences in a combination of socioeconomic and medical risk factors may explain this racial disparity in pregnancy-related death...
  34. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in endothelial function in postmenopausal women
    Laura R Loehr
    Department of Internal Medicine, Sections on Section on Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am Heart J 148:606-11. 2004
    ..To further study differences in endothelial function between African American and Caucasian women, we analyzed measures of brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in women enrolled in the Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS)...
  35. ncbi request reprint Virtual colonoscopy using oral contrast compared with colonoscopy for the detection of patients with colorectal polyps
    Benoit C Pineau
    Department of Internal Medicine, Section of Gastroenterology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 USA
    Gastroenterology 125:304-10. 2003
    ..This trial used conventional colonoscopy with segmental unblinding to determine the ability of virtual colonoscopy to identify patients with colorectal lesions who need conventional colonoscopy...
  36. ncbi request reprint Effect of estrogen plus progestin on global cognitive function in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study: a randomized controlled trial
    Stephen R Rapp
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    JAMA 289:2663-72. 2003
    ..On July 8, 2002, the estrogen plus progestin therapy in the WHI trial was discontinued because of certain increased health risks for women...
  37. ncbi request reprint Diabetes and progression of carotid atherosclerosis: the insulin resistance atherosclerosis study
    Lynne E Wagenknecht
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 23:1035-41. 2003
    ..We sought to determine the rate of progression of carotid atherosclerosis in persons with normal glucose tolerance, impaired glucose tolerance, and undiagnosed and diagnosed type 2 diabetes...
  38. pmc Intensive lifestyle intervention improves physical function among obese adults with knee pain: findings from the Look AHEAD trial
    Capri G Foy
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Obesity (Silver Spring) 19:83-93. 2011
    ..The ILI condition also resulted in significant weight loss and improved fitness, which are possible mechanisms through which the ILI condition improved physical function...
  39. ncbi request reprint Electrolyte intake and nonpharmacologic blood pressure control
    Mark A Espeland
    Department of Biostatistics, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ann Epidemiol 12:587-95. 2002
    ..To characterize relationships between sodium and potassium intakes and blood pressure control...
  40. ncbi request reprint Carotid arterial structure in patients with documented coronary artery disease and disease-free control subjects
    James G Terry
    Department of Internal Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1047, USA
    Circulation 107:1146-51. 2003
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Associations of extracranial carotid atherosclerosis progression with coronary status and risk factors in patients with and without coronary artery disease
    John R Crouse
    Department of Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Circulation 106:2061-6. 2002
    ..Few studies have explored the association of risk factors with progression of IMT, and none have evaluated their associations with IMT progression specifically in patients with and without CAD...
  42. ncbi request reprint Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes): design and methods for a clinical trial of weight loss for the prevention of cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes
    Donna H Ryan
    Pennington Biomedical Research Center
    Control Clin Trials 24:610-28. 2003
    ..Other outcomes include components of CVD risk, cost and cost-effectiveness, diabetes control and complications, hospitalizations, intervention processes, and quality of life...
  43. ncbi request reprint Ethnic comparison of weight loss in the Trial of Nonpharmacologic Interventions in the Elderly
    Shiriki K Kumanyika
    Center for Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104 6021, USA
    Obes Res 10:96-106. 2002
    ..To compare weight loss in blacks and whites in the Trial of Nonpharmacologic Interventions in the Elderly (TONE)...
  44. ncbi request reprint The Women's Health Initiative Study of Cognitive Aging (WHISCA): a randomized clinical trial of the effects of hormone therapy on age-associated cognitive decline
    Susan M Resnick
    Laboratory of Personality and Cognition, National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 6825, USA
    Clin Trials 1:440-50. 2004
    ....
  45. ncbi request reprint Effects of combination estrogen plus progestin hormone treatment on cognition and affect
    Susan M Resnick
    National Institute on Aging, Baltimore, Maryland 21224 6825, USA
    J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91:1802-10. 2006
    ..Some studies of hormone treatment in postmenopausal women suggest benefits on specific cognitive functions, particularly memory...
  46. ncbi request reprint Preventing cognitive decline in usual aging
    Mark A Espeland
    Arch Intern Med 166:2433-4. 2006
  47. doi request reprint A prospective study of the effect of hypertension and baseline blood pressure on cognitive decline and dementia in postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study
    Karen C Johnson
    Department of Preventive Medicine, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, Tennesse 38163, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 56:1449-58. 2008
    ..To examine the relationship between baseline hypertension, blood pressure, and the development of cognitive decline in participants in the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS)...
  48. pmc Reduction in weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes: one-year results of the look AHEAD trial
    Xavier Pi-Sunyer
    St Luke s Roosevelt Hospital Center, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:1374-83. 2007
    ..This report describes 1-year changes in CVD risk factors in a trial designed to examine the long-term effects of an intensive lifestyle intervention on the incidence of major CVD events...
  49. ncbi request reprint Erratum to "Clinical evaluation of the intraoral fluoride releasing system in radiation-induced xerostomic subjects. Part 2: Phase I study"
    Mark S Chambers
    Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Department of Radiation Oncology, M D Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Oral Oncol 43:98-105. 2007
    ..It would be more convenient than the daily home application of a tray of 0.4% stannous fluoride or 1.1% sodium fluoride gel, and avoids the problem of variable patient compliance...
  50. ncbi request reprint Association of angiotensin-converting enzyme DD genotype with blood pressure sensitivity to weight loss
    John B Kostis
    UMDNJ Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick, NJ 08903 0019, USA
    Am Heart J 144:625-9. 2002
    ..Salt sensitivity--the degree of blood pressure change in response to a change in sodium load--has been extensively explored. However, the determinants of the extent of blood pressure change after weight reduction have not been evaluated...
  51. ncbi request reprint Treatment of corticosteroid-responsive autoimmune inner ear disease with methotrexate: a randomized controlled trial
    Jeffrey P Harris
    Division of Otolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, San Diego, CA 92103 8895, USA
    JAMA 290:1875-83. 2003
    ..Methotrexate has emerged as the benchmark agent but has not been rigorously evaluated for hearing improvement in patients with AIED...

Research Grants6

  1. Look AHEAD: Action for Health in Diabetes
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These procedures will enable us to analyze the effects of the intervention on serious cardiovascular- related factors and complications, and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. ..
  2. Seniors Health and Activity Research Program Pilot (SHARP-P)
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ....
  3. Look AHEAD: Action for Health in Diabetes
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..These procedures will enable us to analyze the effects of the intervention on serious cardiovascular events, on CVD risk factors, diabetes related factors and complications, and cost-effectiveness of the intervention. ..
  4. Prevention of Weight Gain in Young Adults
    Mark Espeland; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Rena Wing, The Miriam Hospital, and a Data Coordinating Center, submitted by Dr. Mark Espeland, Wake Forest University School of Medicine...