R A Bell

Summary

Affiliation: Wake Forest University School of Medicine
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Dental anxiety and oral health outcomes among rural older adults
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Public Health Dent 72:53-9. 2012
  2. pmc The association of patient trust and self-care among patients with diabetes mellitus
    Denise E Bonds
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 5:26. 2004
  3. pmc Ethnic and sex differences in ownership of preventive health equipment among rural older adults with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Rural Health 23:332-8. 2007
  4. pmc Primary and specialty medical care among ethnically diverse, older rural adults with type 2 diabetes: the ELDER Diabetes Study
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Rural Health 21:198-205. 2005
  5. pmc Depressive symptoms and diabetes self-management among rural older adults
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Am J Health Behav 34:36-44. 2010
  6. pmc Consumption of sugar- and fat-modified foods among rural older adults: the Rural Nutrition and Health (RUN) Study
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Nutr Elder 25:23-40. 2006
  7. ncbi request reprint Improving diabetes care among low-income North Carolinians: Project IDEAL
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA
    N C Med J 66:96-102. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint Health issues facing the state's American Indian populations
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    N C Med J 65:353-5. 2004
  9. pmc Use of tobacco products among rural older adults: prevalence of ever use and cumulative lifetime use
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, United States
    Addict Behav 34:662-7. 2009
  10. pmc Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among rural older African Americans, Native Americans, and whites with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:823-9. 2005

Research Grants

Detail Information

Publications84

  1. pmc Dental anxiety and oral health outcomes among rural older adults
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Public Health Dent 72:53-9. 2012
    ....
  2. pmc The association of patient trust and self-care among patients with diabetes mellitus
    Denise E Bonds
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    BMC Fam Pract 5:26. 2004
    ..The objective of this study was to determine if patient trust is associated with reduced difficulty and hassles in altering lifestyle and completing self care tasks...
  3. pmc Ethnic and sex differences in ownership of preventive health equipment among rural older adults with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Rural Health 23:332-8. 2007
    ..Different levels of self-management have been reported among various populations, though little is known about ownership of equipment that can enhance accomplishment of these tasks...
  4. pmc Primary and specialty medical care among ethnically diverse, older rural adults with type 2 diabetes: the ELDER Diabetes Study
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Rural Health 21:198-205. 2005
    ..This study examines primary and specialty medical care utilization among a rural, ethnically diverse, older adult population with diabetes...
  5. pmc Depressive symptoms and diabetes self-management among rural older adults
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Am J Health Behav 34:36-44. 2010
    ..To assess the association of depressive symptoms with diabetes self-management regimens among older adults with type 2 diabetes in a rural, ethnically diverse community...
  6. pmc Consumption of sugar- and fat-modified foods among rural older adults: the Rural Nutrition and Health (RUN) Study
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Nutr Elder 25:23-40. 2006
    ..Diabetes status was associated with higher use of sugar-modified foods. This study shows high level of acceptance of sugar- and fat-modified foods among rural older adults across variety of demographic and health characteristics...
  7. ncbi request reprint Improving diabetes care among low-income North Carolinians: Project IDEAL
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA
    N C Med J 66:96-102. 2005
    ..To address this, the North Carolina Project IDEAL (Improving Diabetes Education, Access to Care, and Living) Diabetes Initiative was created..
  8. ncbi request reprint Health issues facing the state's American Indian populations
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    N C Med J 65:353-5. 2004
  9. pmc Use of tobacco products among rural older adults: prevalence of ever use and cumulative lifetime use
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, United States
    Addict Behav 34:662-7. 2009
    ..These data add to a limited body of literature on lifetime use of smoked and smokeless tobacco products, and are useful in identifying the impact of these products on morbidity and mortality, particularly for vulnerable populations...
  10. pmc Prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among rural older African Americans, Native Americans, and whites with diabetes
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:823-9. 2005
    ..Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms among older adults living in rural communities, particularly among ethnic minority groups, who are at increased risk of developing diabetes and complications...
  11. pmc Diabetes in non-Hispanic white youth: prevalence, incidence, and clinical characteristics: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:S102-11. 2009
    ..To investigate the incidence, prevalence, and clinical characteristics of diabetes among U.S. non-Hispanic white (NHW) youth...
  12. ncbi request reprint Food consumption patterns of rural older African American, Native American, and white adults in North Carolina
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Nutr Elder 23:1-16. 2003
    ..These data provide greater insight into the dietary patterns of rural elders than examining nutrient intakes...
  13. pmc Diabetes foot self-care practices in a rural triethnic population
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Diabetes Educ 31:75-83. 2005
    ..The purposes of this study were to assess the level of foot self-care performed in a rural, multiethnic population of older adults and to identify factors associated with foot self-care...
  14. ncbi request reprint Associations between alcohol consumption and insulin sensitivity and cardiovascular disease risk factors: the Insulin Resistance and Atherosclerosis Study
    R A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    Diabetes Care 23:1630-6. 2000
    ..Prior research has shown improved SI with light-to-moderate alcohol intake even though somewhat imprecise measures of SI were used...
  15. ncbi request reprint Colorectal cancer screening in North Carolina: associations with diabetes mellitus and demographic and health characteristics
    R A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Prev Med 32:163-7. 2001
    ..Diabetes mellitus (DM) may increase the risk of colorectal cancer, a leading cause of cancer death in the United States. This report examines factors associated with colorectal cancer screening, including DM status...
  16. ncbi request reprint Dietary calcium intake and supplement use among older African American, white, and Native American women in a rural southeastern community
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 102:844-7. 2002
  17. ncbi request reprint CAM use among older adults age 65 or older with hypertension in the United States: general use and disease treatment
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 12:903-9. 2006
    ..Although a number of antihypertensive therapies are currently available, adherence and control are low. The purpose of this study was to assess the use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) among older adults with HT...
  18. ncbi request reprint Quality of diabetes care among low-income patients in North Carolina
    R A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Am J Prev Med 21:124-31. 2001
    ..The purpose of this study is to examine the level of diabetes care among low-income populations in North Carolina...
  19. ncbi request reprint Church-related correlates of tobacco use among Lumbee Indians in North Carolina
    J G Spangler
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Ethn Dis 8:73-80. 1998
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Dual Tobacco use among Native American adults in southeastern North Carolina
    J G Spangler
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Prev Med 32:521-8. 2001
    ..This study examines correlates of dual tobacco use among Lumbee Indian adults in southeastern North Carolina...
  21. ncbi request reprint Investigating correlates of health related quality of life in a low-income sample of patients with diabetes
    F Camacho
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Qual Life Res 11:783-96. 2002
    ..We sought to describe and find correlates of health-related quality of life among under-served low-income patients in North Carolina with diabetes mellitus...
  22. ncbi request reprint Nutritional self-management of elderly widows in rural communities
    S A Quandt
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 25717, USA
    Gerontologist 40:86-96. 2000
    ..g., meal skipping, reduced home food production, less dietary variety). Rural communities need to develop ways to identify such widows and assist them in finding acceptable ways to meet nutritional needs...
  23. pmc Cardiovascular disease risk factors in youth with type 1 and type 2 diabetes: implications of a factor analysis of clustering
    Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina School of Public Health, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Metab Syndr Relat Disord 7:89-95. 2009
    ..Therefore, we aimed to evaluate potential clustering of traditional CVD risk factors that may reflect an unmeasured but unifying single pathology that may explain the phenomenon of the metabolic syndrome in these youths...
  24. ncbi request reprint Quality of diets consumed by older rural adults
    Mara Z Vitolins
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Rural Health 18:49-56. 2002
    ....
  25. ncbi request reprint Staying healthy: the salience and meaning of health maintenance behaviors among rural older adults in North Carolina
    T A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salemn, NC 27157, USA
    Soc Sci Med 53:1541-56. 2001
    ..Staying healthy is maintaining the ability to function in a community. These results indicate that providers cannot assume that older patients will share their interpretation of general health promotion advice...
  26. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine use among adults with diabetes in the United States
    Ronny A Bell
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    Altern Ther Health Med 12:16-22. 2006
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Aging and eating in the rural, southern United States: beliefs about salt and its effect on health
    Shannon L Smith
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Soc Sci Med 62:189-98. 2006
    ..These older adults' narratives demonstrate their attempts to reconcile the important role of traditional foods in their identity as Southerners with their attempts to meet medical recommendations for healthy eating...
  28. ncbi request reprint Association between smokeless tobacco use and breast cancer among Native-American women in North Carolina
    J G Spangler
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Ethn Dis 11:36-43. 2001
    ..The nearly 8-fold increase in risk suggests that smokeless tobacco is not a safe alternative to cigarette smoking...
  29. ncbi request reprint Smokeless tobacco and osteoporosis: a new relationship?
    J G Spangler
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27517, USA
    Med Hypotheses 56:553-7. 2001
    ..This paper reviews the animal and human evidence lending support to this new hypothesis, as well as the epidemiology of ST use that underscores the potential impact this modifiable behavior might have on osteoporosis world wide...
  30. ncbi request reprint Smoking status and psychosocial variables in type 1 diabetes mellitus
    J G Spangler
    Department of Familyl and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston-Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Addict Behav 26:21-9. 2001
    ..These findings indicate that those patients who have diabetes and who smoke are at greater risk for depressive symptoms. This knowledge may aid clinicians in their attempts to help these patients quit smoking...
  31. ncbi request reprint Complementary and alternative medicine use among older adults: ethnic variation
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem NC 27157 1084, USA
    Ethn Dis 16:723-31. 2006
    ..This analysis documents CAM use among Black, Hispanic, Asian, and White adults age > or =65 and delineates the importance of ethnicity in predicting CAM use...
  32. ncbi request reprint Older adults in the rural South are not meeting healthful eating guidelines
    Mara Z Vitolins
    Department of Biostatistical Science, Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 107:265-272. 2007
    ..To evaluate diet quality of rural older adults using national dietary guidelines and the Healthy Eating Index (HEI)...
  33. pmc Disparities in HbA1c levels between African-American and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Julienne K Kirk
    Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:2130-6. 2006
    ..Data sources included PubMed, Web of Science, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health, the Cochrane Library, the Combined Health Information Database, and the Education Resources Information Center...
  34. ncbi request reprint Herbal remedy use as health self-management among older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 62:S142-9. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Comparative validation of standard, picture-sort and meal-based food-frequency questionnaires adapted for an elderly population of low socio-economic status
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Public Health Nutr 10:524-32. 2007
    ..To compare the validity of a modified Block food-frequency questionnaire (FFQ), a picture-sort administration of the FFQ (PSFFQ) and a meal pattern-based questionnaire (MPQ) in a multi-ethnic population of low socio-economic status (SES)...
  36. ncbi request reprint High levels of low energy reporting on 24-hour recalls and three questionnaires in an elderly low-socioeconomic status population
    Janet A Tooze
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Nutr 137:1286-93. 2007
    ..Underreporting seemed to be due to omitting foods from major food groups as well as from omitting discretionary energy foods. There was a high degree of low energy reporting in this population, particularly by men, even with six 24HR...
  37. ncbi request reprint Age, ethnicity, and use of complementary and alternative medicine in health self-management
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 48:84-98. 2007
    ..The results also highlight the significance of social and cultural factors in understanding patterns of complementary and alternative medicine use in the adult population...
  38. ncbi request reprint Racial and ethnic disparities in self-monitoring of blood glucose among US adults: a qualitative review
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:135-42. 2007
    ..To review existing data to determine whether racial/ethnic disparities exist for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) among adults in the United States...
  39. pmc The association of health and functional status with private and public religious practice among rural, ethnically diverse, older adults with diabetes
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Rural Health 23:246-53. 2007
    ..This analysis describes the association of health and functional status with private and public religious practice among ethnically diverse (African American, Native American, white) rural older adults with diabetes...
  40. pmc Daily use of complementary and other therapies for symptoms among older adults: study design and illustrative results
    Thomas A Arcury
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC, USA
    J Aging Health 23:52-69. 2011
    ..This article describes research designed to specify complementary therapies used among older adults by obtaining daily use data and the specific purposes for use...
  41. doi request reprint Age-related differences in the conventional health care-complementary and alternative medicine link
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Am J Health Behav 32:650-63. 2008
    ..To determine if differences in conventional care among users and nonusers distinct CAM therapies varies by age and ethnicity...
  42. pmc Complementary therapy use and health self-management among rural older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 64:635-43. 2009
    ....
  43. pmc Disparities in oral health status between older adults in a multiethnic rural community: the rural nutrition and oral health study
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 57:1369-75. 2009
    ..To compare oral health status according to ethnicity and socioeconomic status in African-American, American-Indian, and white dentate and edentulous community-dwelling older adults...
  44. pmc Food avoidance and food modification practices of older rural adults: association with oral health status and implications for service provision
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Gerontologist 50:100-11. 2010
    ..This study examines the association between oral health and foods avoided or modified in a multiethnic rural population of older adults. It considers implications for nutrition and medical service provision to this population...
  45. pmc Oral health self-care behaviors of rural older adults
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Public Health Dent 69:182-9. 2009
    ..This analysis describes the dental self-care behaviors used by a multiethnic sample of older adults and delineates the associations of self-care behaviors with personal characteristics and oral health problems...
  46. ncbi request reprint Predicted risk of coronary heart disease among persons with type 2 diabetes
    Julienne K Kirk
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Coron Artery Dis 18:595-600. 2007
    ..We evaluated whether there are racial/ethnic differences in predicted probability of CHD among persons with type 2 diabetes from the 1999-2002 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
  47. pmc Linking glycemic control and executive function in rural older adults with diabetes mellitus
    Ha T Nguyen
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 58:1123-7. 2010
    ..To examine the association between glycemic control and the executive functioning domain of cognition and to identify risk factors for inadequate glycemic control that may explain this relationship...
  48. pmc Ethnic disparities in health-related quality of life among older rural adults with diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Ethn Dis 17:471-6. 2007
    ..Strategies to reduce diabetes-related complications (long term) and assist mobility (short term) may reduce ethnic disparities in HRQOL...
  49. ncbi request reprint Disparities in A1C levels between Hispanic and non-Hispanic white adults with diabetes: a meta-analysis
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Diabetes Care 31:240-6. 2008
    ..Hispanics have higher rates of diabetes and diabetes-related complications than do non-Hispanic whites. A meta-analysis was conducted to estimate the difference between the mean values of A1C for these two groups...
  50. ncbi request reprint Smokeless tobacco use accelerates age-related loss of bone mineral density among older women in a multi-ethnic rural community
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University, School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    J Cross Cult Gerontol 20:109-25. 2005
    ..Women who formerly smoked and did not use supplements had a decreased BMD. ST should be considered as an additional risk factor for osteoporosis in populations where its use is prevalent...
  51. ncbi request reprint Ethnic disparities: control of glycemia, blood pressure, and LDL cholesterol among US adults with type 2 diabetes
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Ann Pharmacother 39:1489-501. 2005
    ..To examine ethnic disparities in the quality of diabetes care among adults with diabetes in the US through a systematic qualitative review...
  52. ncbi request reprint The effects of race and region on cardiovascular morbidity among elderly Americans with diabetes
    Alain G Bertoni
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University Health Sciences, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2620-5. 2005
    ..Because geographic region is known to influence the risk of CVD in the U.S., we sought to determine the effects of race and region on cardiovascular morbidity among elderly Americans with diabetes...
  53. ncbi request reprint Use of complementary and alternative medicine by persons with arthritis: results of the National Health Interview Survey
    Sara A Quandt
    Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 53:748-55. 2005
    ....
  54. ncbi request reprint Smoking and incidence of diabetes among U.S. adults: findings from the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study
    Capri Gabrielle Foy
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 28:2501-7. 2005
    ..The objective of this study was to determine the association between smoking and incident diabetes among U.S. adults...
  55. ncbi request reprint Age, race, and ethnicity in the use of complementary and alternative medicine for health self-management: evidence from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Blvd, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Aging Health 17:547-72. 2005
    ..Determine if complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use for treating existing conditions and for health maintenance differs by age and ethnicity...
  56. ncbi request reprint A qualitative review of studies of diabetes preventive care among minority patients in the United States, 1993-2003
    Julienne K Kirk
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Medical Center Boulevard, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Am J Manag Care 11:349-60. 2005
    ..To review existing data to determine whether ethnic disparities exist for diabetes-related preventive care among adults in the United States...
  57. ncbi request reprint Partnership approaches to reducing socioeconomic disparities in diabetes care in North Carolina
    Vanessa T Duren-Winfield
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Diabetes Educ 30:600, 602, 604 passim. 2004
  58. ncbi request reprint Overweight in children: definitions, measurements, confounding factors, and health consequences
    Lynda R Hardy
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, NCSchool of Nursing, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    J Pediatr Nurs 19:376-84. 2004
    ..This article provides an overview of the current body of literature surrounding the definition and measurement of overweight and the morbidity association with childhood overweight...
  59. ncbi request reprint Tobacco use in a tri-ethnic population of older women in southeastern North Carolina
    John G Spangler
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Ethn Dis 13:226-32. 2003
    ..We examined the epidemiology of tobacco use among a tri-racial population of elderly women in southeastern North Carolina...
  60. pmc Ethnic disparities in glycemic control among rural older adults with type 2 diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:656-63. 2005
    ..These data indicate that older ethnic minorities in rural communities are at increased risk for diabetes complications and need diabetes management strategies to improve glycemic control...
  61. ncbi request reprint Cancer screening among Native Americans in eastern North Carolina
    Deborah F Farmer
    Dept of Public Health Sciences, Section on Social Sciences and Health Policy, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, USA
    J Health Care Poor Underserved 16:634-42. 2005
    ....
  62. ncbi request reprint Older adults' use of complementary and alternative medicine for mental health: findings from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Altern Complement Med 12:467-73. 2006
    ....
  63. ncbi request reprint Differential impact of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor clustering on CVD and renal disease among African-American and white patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus
    John H Summerson
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27104, USA
    Ethn Dis 12:530-4. 2002
    ..To determine if clustering of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors has a differential impact on CVD and renal disease among African Americans compared to Whites with type 2 diabetes..
  64. pmc Predictors of falls in a multiethnic population of older rural adults with diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157 1063, USA
    J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 61:394-8. 2006
    ..Falls are a recognized danger for older adults with diabetes. Persons in rural communities with diabetes may face additional risks from falling due to environmental and activity differences...
  65. pmc Physical activity among rural older adults with diabetes
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Rural Health 22:164-8. 2006
    ..This analysis describes physical activity levels and factors associated with physical activity in an ethnically diverse (African American, Native American, white) sample of rural older adults with diabetes...
  66. pmc Complementary and alternative medicine use as health self-management: rural older adults with diabetes
    Thomas A Arcury
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 61:S62-70. 2006
    ..We summarize CAM use for general use and for diabetes care and use multiple logistic modeling to estimate the effects of health self-management predictors on use of CAM therapies...
  67. pmc Ethnic differences in elders' home remedy use: sociostructural explanations
    Joseph G Grzywacz
    Department of Family and Community Medicine, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1084, USA
    Am J Health Behav 30:39-50. 2006
    ..To determine if ethnic differences in elders' use of home remedies are explained by structured inequalities...
  68. pmc Dry mouth and dietary quality in older adults in north Carolina
    Sara A Quandt
    Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, School of Medicine, Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, North Carolina, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 59:439-45. 2011
    ..To quantify prevalence of dry mouth, association between dry mouth and beverage intake and dietary quality, and association between dry mouth and self-reported dietary accommodations to oral health deficits...
  69. pmc Dietary fat reduction behaviors among African American, American Indian, and white older adults with diabetes
    Sara A Quandt
    Division of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    J Nutr Elder 28:143-57. 2009
    ..Older men and ethnic minorities with diabetes should be targeted for dietary change education...
  70. ncbi request reprint Preventive foot-care practices among adults with diabetes in North Carolina, 1997 to 2001
    John C White
    Winston Salem, NC
    J Am Podiatr Med Assoc 94:483-91. 2004
    ....
  71. pmc Diabetes in African American youth: prevalence, incidence, and clinical characteristics: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study
    Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
    Department of Nutrition, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA
    Diabetes Care 32:S112-22. 2009
    ..To report the prevalence and incidence of type 1 and type 2 diabetes among African American youth and to describe demographic, clinical, and behavioral characteristics...
  72. ncbi request reprint Vitamin E and breast cancer: a review
    G G Kimmick
    Comprehensive Cancer Center of Wake Forest University, Winston Salem, NC 27157, USA
    Nutr Cancer 27:109-17. 1997
    ..Particular attention should be paid to the interactions of other antioxidants with vitamin E and to the duration and timing (pre- vs. postmenopausal) of vitamin E use in determining its preventive utility in breast cancer...
  73. ncbi request reprint Is insulin sensitivity a causal intermediate in the relationship between alcohol consumption and carotid atherosclerosis?: the insulin resistance and atherosclerosis study
    Daniel E Cooper
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Winston Salem, North Carolina 27157, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:1425-31. 2002
    ..This raises the question of whether insulin sensitivity (S(I)) is a causal intermediate in the alcohol-atherosclerosis relationship...
  74. ncbi request reprint International variation in pancreatic cancer mortality for the period 1955-1998
    A E Sahmoun
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Wake Forest University School of Medicine, Comprehensive Cancer Center, Winston Salem, NC 27157 1082, USA
    Eur J Epidemiol 18:801-16. 2003
    ..Pancreatic cancer is an important cause of cancer mortality in developed countries. This article examines time trends for pancreatic cancer mortality rates in 38 countries on five continents between 1955 and 1998...
  75. ncbi request reprint Hospitalizations and outcomes for diabetic gastroparesis in North Carolina
    Ronny A Bell
    Department of Public Health Sciences, Section on Epidemiology, Wake Forest University School of Medicine Winston Salem, NC 27157 1063, USA
    South Med J 95:1297-9. 2002
    ..Population-based data to assess the extent of gastroparesis in the diabetic population are scarce. We examined the demographic and clinical characteristics associated with hospital admissions for diabetic gastroparesis in North Carolina...
  76. ncbi request reprint Prevalence and correlates of depressed mood among youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study
    Jean M Lawrence
    Research and Evaluation, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Pasadena, CA 91101, USA
    Pediatrics 117:1348-58. 2006
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Dietary intake among youth with diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study
    Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
    Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, University of South Carolina, Columbia, USA
    J Am Diet Assoc 106:689-97. 2006
    ..To describe dietary intake among a large cohort of youth with type 1 or type 2 diabetes and to compare their intake with current nutrition recommendations...
  78. ncbi request reprint Plasma and dietary vitamin E in relation to incidence of type 2 diabetes: The Insulin Resistance and Atherosclerosis Study (IRAS)
    Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Norman J Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia 29208, USA
    Diabetes Care 25:2172-7. 2002
    ..To evaluate the association of vitamin E with incidence of type 2 diabetes and to do so separately among individuals who did and those who did not report regular use of vitamin supplementation...
  79. pmc Self-monitoring of blood glucose in a multiethnic population of rural older adults with diabetes
    Anne H Skelly
    School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, USA
    Diabetes Educ 31:84-90. 2005
    ....
  80. ncbi request reprint Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors in U.S. children and adolescents with diabetes: the SEARCH for diabetes in youth study
    Beatriz L Rodriguez
    Department of Geriatric Medicine, Pacific Health Research Institute, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, USA
    Diabetes Care 29:1891-6. 2006
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and correlates of selected cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among youth aged <20 years with diabetes...
  81. ncbi request reprint Incidence of diabetes in youth in the United States
    Dana Dabelea
    University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, Department of Preventive Medicine and Biometrics, Denver, CO 80262, USA
    JAMA 297:2716-24. 2007
    ..Data on the incidence of diabetes mellitus (DM) among US youth according to racial/ethnic background and DM type are limited...
  82. pmc Stress, trauma, and coronary heart disease among Native Americans
    Ann Bullock
    Am J Public Health 95:2122-3. 2005
  83. ncbi request reprint Dairy, magnesium, and calcium intake in relation to insulin sensitivity: approaches to modeling a dose-dependent association
    Bo Ma
    Center for Research in Nutrition and Health Disparities, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29204, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 164:449-58. 2006
    ..0008 for <325 mg of magnesium/day; and beta=-0.001/100 mg, p=0.82 for >or=325 mg of magnesium/day). This study suggests that magnesium and calcium intake specifically, but not dairy intake, is associated with insulin sensitivity...
  84. ncbi request reprint Higher prevalence of elevated albumin excretion in youth with type 2 than type 1 diabetes: the SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth study
    David M Maahs
    Barbara Davis Center for Childhood Diabetes, University of Colorado Health Sciences Center, P O Box 6511, Mail Stop A140, Aurora, CO 80045, USA
    Diabetes Care 30:2593-8. 2007
    ....

Research Grants4

  1. Piedmont Alliance for Cancer Research and Education
    Ronny Bell; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..In addition, both institutions have mechanisms in place to facilitate the institutionalization of the activities achieved through this program, thus, ensuring the durability of the proposed program. ..
  2. SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Coordinating Center
    Ronny Bell; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..This phase of the SEARCH study will build on the knowledge gained in the first phase of the study, and will provide valuable clinical and public health information to address the growing problem of childhood diabetes. ..