C L Munro

Summary

Affiliation: Virginia Commonwealth University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Chlorhexidine, toothbrushing, and preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill adults
    Cindy L Munro
    Adult Health Department, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 0567, USA
    Am J Crit Care 18:428-37; quiz 438. 2009
  2. ncbi request reprint Oral health status and development of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a descriptive study
    Cindy L Munro
    Adult Health Department, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0567, USA
    Am J Crit Care 15:453-60. 2006
  3. ncbi request reprint Implications for nursing of the Human Genome Project
    C L Munro
    Department of Adult Health Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
    Neonatal Netw 18:7-12. 1999
  4. pmc Oral health measurement in nursing research: state of the science
    Cindy L Munro
    Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, 23298, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 8:35-42. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint The basis of heredity: a genetic primer
    C L Munro
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0567, USA
    Neonatal Netw 15:7-10. 1996
  6. pmc Genetic characterization of a Streptococcus mutans LraI family operon and role in virulence
    T Kitten
    Philips Institute of Oral and Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
    Infect Immun 68:4441-51. 2000
  7. ncbi request reprint Nurses' knowledge and attitudes about antibiotic therapy in critical care
    C L Munro
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0567, USA
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 17:213-8. 2001
  8. ncbi request reprint Inherited disorders: a genetic primer
    R H Pickler
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0567, USA
    Neonatal Netw 15:17-21. 1996
  9. ncbi request reprint The role of biobehavioral, environmental, and social forces on oral health disparities in frail and functionally dependent nursing home elders
    Rita A Jablonski
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 7:75-82. 2005
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of backrest elevation on the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Mary Jo Grap
    The Adult Health Department of the School of Nursing
    Am J Crit Care 14:325-32; quiz 333. 2005

Research Grants

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications27

  1. pmc Chlorhexidine, toothbrushing, and preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill adults
    Cindy L Munro
    Adult Health Department, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298 0567, USA
    Am J Crit Care 18:428-37; quiz 438. 2009
    ..Ventilator-associated pneumonia is associated with increased morbidity and mortality...
  2. ncbi request reprint Oral health status and development of ventilator-associated pneumonia: a descriptive study
    Cindy L Munro
    Adult Health Department, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0567, USA
    Am J Crit Care 15:453-60. 2006
    ..Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality and may be influenced by oral health...
  3. ncbi request reprint Implications for nursing of the Human Genome Project
    C L Munro
    Department of Adult Health Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
    Neonatal Netw 18:7-12. 1999
    ..This article reviews the establishment of the Human Genome Project, reports on current progress of the project, and identifies some implications of the project for health care generally and nursing specifically...
  4. pmc Oral health measurement in nursing research: state of the science
    Cindy L Munro
    Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, 23298, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 8:35-42. 2006
    ..Standardized measures of components of oral health are available and applicable across populations, and their uses and relationship to nursing research and patient outcomes will be discussed...
  5. ncbi request reprint The basis of heredity: a genetic primer
    C L Munro
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0567, USA
    Neonatal Netw 15:7-10. 1996
    ....
  6. pmc Genetic characterization of a Streptococcus mutans LraI family operon and role in virulence
    T Kitten
    Philips Institute of Oral and Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
    Infect Immun 68:4441-51. 2000
    ..Virulence for endocarditis was restored by correction of the sloC mutation but not by provision of the sloC gene in trans, suggesting that virulence requires the expression of other genes in the sloC operon...
  7. ncbi request reprint Nurses' knowledge and attitudes about antibiotic therapy in critical care
    C L Munro
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0567, USA
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 17:213-8. 2001
    ..To assess critical care nurses' knowledge about antibiotic use in critical care settings, and attitudes concerning the role of the nurse in monitoring response to and appropriate use of antibiotic therapy...
  8. ncbi request reprint Inherited disorders: a genetic primer
    R H Pickler
    Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0567, USA
    Neonatal Netw 15:17-21. 1996
    ..The principles of transmission, risk of inheritance, and clinical significance of each category are discussed, with examples of inherited disorders in each category...
  9. ncbi request reprint The role of biobehavioral, environmental, and social forces on oral health disparities in frail and functionally dependent nursing home elders
    Rita A Jablonski
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 7:75-82. 2005
    ..Investigators willing to embrace this cause will have no shortage of opportunities to test methods to improve the delivery of oral care as well as to monitor and reassess these methods...
  10. ncbi request reprint Effect of backrest elevation on the development of ventilator-associated pneumonia
    Mary Jo Grap
    The Adult Health Department of the School of Nursing
    Am J Crit Care 14:325-32; quiz 333. 2005
    ..Empirical evidence of the effect of backrest positions on the incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, especially during mechanical ventilation over time, is limited...
  11. pmc Identification of virulence determinants for endocarditis in Streptococcus sanguinis by signature-tagged mutagenesis
    Sehmi Paik
    The Philips Institute of Oral and Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, 521 North 11th Street, Richmond, VA 23298 0566, USA
    Infect Immun 73:6064-74. 2005
    ..The results suggest that housekeeping functions such as cell wall synthesis, amino acid and nucleic acid synthesis, and the ability to survive under anaerobic conditions are important virulence factors in S. sanguinis endocarditis...
  12. ncbi request reprint Nurses' accuracy in estimating backrest elevation
    Amy Dillon
    Winston Salem Cardiology Associates, NC, USA
    Am J Crit Care 11:34-7. 2002
    ..However, use of higher backrest positions for critically ill patients is not common nursing practice. Backrest elevation may be affected by the accuracy of nurses' estimates of patients' positions...
  13. ncbi request reprint Subglottic secretion viscosity and evacuation efficiency
    PAMELA V O'NEAL
    College of Nursing, University of Alabama, Huntsville, AL 35899, USA
    Biol Res Nurs 8:202-9. 2007
    ..Further research is needed to identify safe suction pressures for optimal evacuation of SSs in human subjects...
  14. pmc Oral care and the risk of bloodstream infections in mechanically ventilated adults: A review
    Deborah J Jones
    University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston School of Nursing, 6901 Bertner Avenue, 660, Houston, TX 77030, USA
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 24:152-61. 2008
    ..This paper reviews the literature on the link between the manipulation of the oral cavity and the development of bacteraemia in mechanically ventilated adults...
  15. ncbi request reprint Quality improvement in backrest elevation: improving outcomes in critical care
    Mary Jo Grap
    Department of Adult Health, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0567, USA
    AACN Clin Issues 16:133-9. 2005
    ..A quality improvement process to guide evidence-based care related to backrest positioning is also described...
  16. ncbi request reprint Duration of action of a single, early oral application of chlorhexidine on oral microbial flora in mechanically ventilated patients: a pilot study
    Mary Jo Grap
    Adult Health Department of the School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond 23298 0567, USA
    Heart Lung 33:83-91. 2004
    ..The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of an early post-intubation oral application of chlorhexidine gluconate on oral microbial flora and ventilator-associated pneumonia...
  17. ncbi request reprint Oral care interventions in critical care: frequency and documentation
    Mary Jo Grap
    Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, VA, USA
    Am J Crit Care 12:113-8; discussion 119. 2003
    ..No data have been collected to describe the products, methods, and frequency of oral care needed to reduce dental plaque, oral colonization, and ventilator-associated pneumonia in critically ill patients...
  18. ncbi request reprint Predictors of backrest elevation in critical care
    Mary Jo Grap
    Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, P O Box 980567, Richmond, VA 23298 0567, USA
    Intensive Crit Care Nurs 19:68-74. 2003
    ..Strategies to meet published recommendations for backrest elevation (30-45 degrees ) must include repeated feedback about nurse's use of backrest elevation and estimates of elevation...
  19. ncbi request reprint Subject recruitment in critical care nursing research: a complex task in a complex environment
    Mary Jo Grap
    Virginia Commonwealth University, School of Nursing, Richmond, Virginia, USA
    Heart Lung 32:162-8. 2003
    ..This article serves to describe subject recruitment issues in a funded study in a the medical respiratory intensive care unit...
  20. pmc The sloABCR operon of Streptococcus mutans encodes an Mn and Fe transport system required for endocarditis virulence and its Mn-dependent repressor
    Sehmi Paik
    The Philips Institute of Oral and Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
    J Bacteriol 185:5967-75. 2003
    ..Finally, a sloA mutant demonstrated loss of virulence in a rat model of endocarditis, suggesting that metal transport is required for endocarditis pathogenesis...
  21. ncbi request reprint Oral health and care in the intensive care unit: state of the science
    Cindy L Munro
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA
    Am J Crit Care 13:25-33; discussion 34. 2004
    ..Additional studies are needed to develop and test best practices for oral care in critically ill patients...
  22. pmc Vaccination with FimA from Streptococcus parasanguis protects rats from endocarditis caused by other viridans streptococci
    Todd Kitten
    The Philips Institute of Oral and Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Department of Adult Health Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23298, USA
    Infect Immun 70:422-5. 2002
    ..mitis, S. mutans, and S. salivarius. FimA thus has promise as a vaccinogen to control infective endocarditis caused by oral streptococci...
  23. ncbi request reprint Preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia: evidence-based care
    Mary Jo Grap
    Adult Health Department, Box 980567, School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0567, USA
    Crit Care Nurs Clin North Am 16:349-58, viii. 2004
    ....
  24. pmc Effects of stress management on PNI-based outcomes in persons with HIV disease
    Nancy L McCain
    School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University School of Nursing, Richmond, VA 23298 0567, USA
    Res Nurs Health 26:102-17. 2003
    ..The findings point to a pressing need for further, well-controlled research with these common intervention modalities...
  25. pmc EmaA, a potential virulence determinant of Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans in infective endocarditis
    Gaoyan Tang
    Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, University of Vermont, 95 Carrigan Drive, Burlington, VT 05405, USA
    Infect Immun 76:2316-24. 2008
    ....
  26. pmc Identification of Streptococcus sanguinis genes required for biofilm formation and examination of their role in endocarditis virulence
    Xiuchun Ge
    The Philips Institute of Oral and Craniofacial Molecular Biology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298 0566, USA
    Infect Immun 76:2551-9. 2008
    ..This result indicates that the ability to form biofilms in vitro is not associated with endocarditis virulence in vivo in S. sanguinis...
  27. ncbi request reprint Actigraphy in the critically ill: correlation with activity, agitation, and sedation
    Mary Jo Grap
    Adult Health Department of the School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University Health System, Richmond, VA, USA
    Am J Crit Care 14:52-60. 2005
    ....

Research Grants8

  1. ORAL CARE INTERVENTION IN MECHANICALLY VENTILATED ADULTS
    Cindy Munro; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..Results of the study have the potential to positively affect patient well-being, morbidity, mortality and health care costs. ..
  2. ORAL CARE INTERVENTION IN MECHANICALLY VENTILATED ADULTS
    Cindy L Munro; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The intervention tested in this project (swabbing the mouth with chlorhexidine before the endotracheal tube is inserted) could reduce the risk of ventilator-associated pneumonia. ..