Sten Vermund

Summary

Affiliation: Vanderbilt University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Clinical and ultrasonographic features of abdominal tuberculosis in HIV positive adults in Zambia
    Edford Sinkala
    Tropical Gastroenterology and Nutrition Group, University of Zambia School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Infect Dis 9:44. 2009
  2. pmc Global HIV epidemiology: A guide for strategies in prevention and care
    Sten H Vermund
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 11:93-8. 2014
  3. pmc Alcohol Use among Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men: An Epidemiological Survey and Meta-Analysis
    Yu Liu
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Biomed Res Int 2014:414381. 2014
  4. pmc Can combination prevention strategies reduce HIV transmission in generalized epidemic settings in Africa? The HPTN 071 (PopART) study plan in South Africa and Zambia
    Sten H Vermund
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S221-7. 2013
  5. pmc Translation of biomedical prevention strategies for HIV: prospects and pitfalls
    Sten H Vermund
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S12-25. 2013
  6. pmc Combination prevention: new hope for stopping the epidemic
    Sten H Vermund
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 10:169-86. 2013
  7. pmc The HIV Epidemic: High-Income Countries
    Sten H Vermund
    Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2:a007195. 2012
  8. pmc Transitioning HIV care and treatment programs in southern Africa to full local management
    Sten H Vermund
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    AIDS 26:1303-10. 2012
  9. pmc Cost comparison of microscopy vs. empiric treatment for malaria in Southwestern Nigeria: a prospective study
    Ravi Parikh
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2215 Garland Ave, LH319, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    Malar J 9:371. 2010
  10. pmc Barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence in rural Mozambique
    Kate Groh
    Department of Medicine, D 3100, Medical Center North, Nashville, TN 37232 2358, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:650. 2011

Detail Information

Publications85

  1. pmc Clinical and ultrasonographic features of abdominal tuberculosis in HIV positive adults in Zambia
    Edford Sinkala
    Tropical Gastroenterology and Nutrition Group, University of Zambia School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Infect Dis 9:44. 2009
    ..There is little information on abdominal TB in HIV infection. We estimated the prevalence and clinical features of abdominal (excluding genitourinary) TB in HIV infected adults attending the University Teaching Hospital, Zambia...
  2. pmc Global HIV epidemiology: A guide for strategies in prevention and care
    Sten H Vermund
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 11:93-8. 2014
    ..Never has the urgency of stigma reduction and guarantees of human rights been more urgent; a public health approach to at-risk populations requires that to avail themselves of prevention services and they must feel welcomed...
  3. pmc Alcohol Use among Chinese Men Who Have Sex with Men: An Epidemiological Survey and Meta-Analysis
    Yu Liu
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Biomed Res Int 2014:414381. 2014
    ..Our findings provide the basis for further exploring the alcohol-HIV association and developing risk reduction interventions. ..
  4. pmc Can combination prevention strategies reduce HIV transmission in generalized epidemic settings in Africa? The HPTN 071 (PopART) study plan in South Africa and Zambia
    Sten H Vermund
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S221-7. 2013
    ..A randomly sampled population cohort from each community will be used to measure the impact of the PopART strategy on HIV incidence over 3 years. We describe the strategy being tested and progress to date in the HPTN 071 (PopART) study...
  5. pmc Translation of biomedical prevention strategies for HIV: prospects and pitfalls
    Sten H Vermund
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 63:S12-25. 2013
    ..This review identifies the major biomedical approaches demonstrated to be efficacious that are now available. We also highlight the need for behavioral risk reduction and adherence as essential components of any biomedical approach...
  6. pmc Combination prevention: new hope for stopping the epidemic
    Sten H Vermund
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Curr HIV/AIDS Rep 10:169-86. 2013
    ....
  7. pmc The HIV Epidemic: High-Income Countries
    Sten H Vermund
    Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med 2:a007195. 2012
    ..Recent developments in phylodynamic approaches have made it possible to obtain estimates of sequence evolution rates and network parameters for epidemics...
  8. pmc Transitioning HIV care and treatment programs in southern Africa to full local management
    Sten H Vermund
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    AIDS 26:1303-10. 2012
    ..A tailored nation-by-nation approach is needed for the transition to full local capacitation; donor nation policymakers must ensure that global resources and technical support are not removed prematurely...
  9. pmc Cost comparison of microscopy vs. empiric treatment for malaria in Southwestern Nigeria: a prospective study
    Ravi Parikh
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2215 Garland Ave, LH319, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    Malar J 9:371. 2010
    ..The researchers compared costs of diagnosis and drugs for two strategies: (1) empirical treatment of malaria via clinical diagnosis; and (2) empirical diagnosis followed by treatment only with Giemsa smear confirmation...
  10. pmc Barriers to antiretroviral therapy adherence in rural Mozambique
    Kate Groh
    Department of Medicine, D 3100, Medical Center North, Nashville, TN 37232 2358, USA
    BMC Public Health 11:650. 2011
    ..Within 18 clinical sites in rural Zamb├ęzia Province, Mozambique, patient adherence to antiretroviral therapy has been sub-optimal...
  11. pmc Estimation of HIV-1 incidence among five focal populations in Dehong, Yunnan: a hard hit area along a major drug trafficking route
    Song Duan
    Department of HIV AIDS Control and Prevention, Dehong Dai and Jingpo Nationality Autonomous Prefecture Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Dehong, Yunnan, PR China
    BMC Public Health 10:180. 2010
    ..The objective of this study was to track dynamic changes in HIV-1 prevalence and incidence among five focal populations in Dehong and to assess the impact of HIV prevention and control efforts...
  12. pmc Partner notification for sexually transmitted infections in developing countries: a systematic review
    Nazmul Alam
    ICDDR, B Centre for Health and Population Research, Dhaka, Bangladesh
    BMC Public Health 10:19. 2010
    ..The feasibility and acceptability of partner notification (PN) for sexually transmitted infections (STIs) in developing countries was assessed through a comprehensive literature review, to help identify future intervention needs...
  13. pmc Selected hematologic and biochemical measurements in African HIV-infected and uninfected pregnant women and their infants: the HIV Prevention Trials Network 024 protocol
    Kasonde Mwinga
    Department of Paediatrics of the University Teaching Hospital and the University of Zambia School of Medicine, and the Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    BMC Pediatr 9:49. 2009
    ..Normative data are limited for populations in sub-Saharan Africa, especially comparing women with and without HIV infection, and comparing infants with and without HIV infection or HIV exposure...
  14. pmc Sociocultural and epidemiological aspects of HIV/AIDS in Mozambique
    Carolyn M Audet
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, 37203 USA
    BMC Int Health Hum Rights 10:15. 2010
    ..The crumbling Mozambican health care system was wholly inadequate to support the need for new chronic disease services for people with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)...
  15. pmc Building global health through a center-without-walls: the Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health
    Sten H Vermund
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37323 0242, USA
    Acad Med 83:154-64. 2008
    ....
  16. pmc Addressing research priorities for prevention of HIV infection in the United States
    Sten H Vermund
    Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 0242, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:S149-55. 2010
    ....
  17. pmc Cervical cancer prevention in low- and middle-income countries: feasible, affordable, essential
    Vikrant V Sahasrabuddhe
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2525 West End Avenue, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 5:11-7. 2012
    ....
  18. pmc HIV-prevention science at a crossroads: advances in reducing sexual risk
    Sten H Vermund
    Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics at Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2215 Garland Drive 319 Light Hall, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    Curr Opin HIV AIDS 4:266-73. 2009
    ..The combined programmatic and scientific efforts through 2008 to reduce sexual transmission of HIV have failed to reduce substantially the global pandemic...
  19. pmc Co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus and tuberculosis in Asia
    Sten H Vermund
    Institute for Global Health and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Tuberculosis (Edinb) 87:S18-25. 2007
    ..We review briefly the public health situation in Asia, highlighting research questions from US-Japan-Asian partner joint meetings, and cite salient studies to indicate trends and challenges...
  20. pmc Efficacy of Peer-Led Interventions to Reduce Unprotected Anal Intercourse among Men Who Have Sex with Men: A Meta-Analysis
    Shaodong Ye
    Vanderbilt Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, and National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    PLoS ONE 9:e90788. 2014
    ..To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of peer-led interventions in reducing unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) among men who have sex with men (MSM)...
  21. pmc Prevalence and predictors of colposcopic-histopathologically confirmed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in HIV-infected women in India
    Vikrant V Sahasrabuddhe
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    PLoS ONE 5:e8634. 2010
    ..We sought to better establish prevalence estimates and evaluate risk factors of CIN among HIV-infected women in Pune, India using colposcopy and histopathology as diagnostic tools...
  22. ncbi request reprint High prevalence of soil-transmitted helminths in Western Kenya: failure to implement deworming guidelines in rural Nyanza Province
    Johanna N Riesel
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    J Trop Pediatr 56:60-2. 2010
    ..We also demonstrate that with basic infrastructure and community involvement, regular deworming can be implemented effectively in remote, rural communities...
  23. pmc Effect of treating co-infections on HIV-1 viral load: a systematic review
    Kayvon Modjarrad
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Medical Center, 2525 West End Avenue, Nashville, TN, USA
    Lancet Infect Dis 10:455-63. 2010
    ..0 log(10) copies per mL or less, even small changes in plasma HIV-RNA concentrations have been shown to slow HIV progression and could translate into population-level benefits in lowering HIV transmission risk...
  24. pmc Predictors of adherence to antiretroviral therapy in rural Zambia
    James G Carlucci
    Institute of Global Health, Departments of Pediatrics and Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:615-22. 2008
    ..We sought to assess travel to point-of-care for ART as a potential barrier to adherence in rural Zambia, within the context of patient demographics, perceived stigma, and selected clinical indices...
  25. pmc Impact of small reductions in plasma HIV RNA levels on the risk of heterosexual transmission and disease progression
    Kayvon Modjarrad
    Department of Medicine, Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203 1738, USA
    AIDS 22:2179-85. 2008
    ..To estimate the impact of small changes in plasma levels of HIV-1 RNA on the risk of heterosexual transmission or disease progression to an AIDS-defining event or death...
  26. pmc Expansion of HIV and syphilis into the Peruvian Amazon: a survey of four communities of an indigenous Amazonian ethnic group
    Ellika C Bartlett
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2215 Garland Ave 319 Light Hall, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 12:e89-94. 2008
    ....
  27. pmc A comparison of HIV detection rates using routine opt-out provider-initiated HIV testing and counseling versus a standard of care approach in a rural African setting
    David M Silvestri
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 56:e9-32. 2011
    ..By selectively targeting clients who either volunteer or have clinical indications of HIV disease, standard approaches to HIV counseling and testing are presumed more cost-efficient than PITC...
  28. ncbi request reprint Sexual behavior and risk factors for HIV infection among homosexual and bisexual men in Thailand
    Andrea Li
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    AIDS Behav 13:318-27. 2009
    ....
  29. pmc Estimates of HIV prevalence in a highly endemic area of China: Dehong Prefecture, Yunnan Province
    Yujiang Jia
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 37:1287-96. 2008
    ..Dehong's 1.1 million people confront a serious HIV problem fuelled by injection drug use. The aim of this study is to improve the 2005 estimates of the true status of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Dehong Prefecture...
  30. pmc Early neurologic abnormalities associated with human T-cell lymphotropic virus type 1 infection in a cohort of Peruvian children
    Emily A Kendall
    Institute for Global Health, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Pediatr 155:700-6. 2009
    ....
  31. pmc Does douching increase risk for sexually transmitted infections? A prospective study in high-risk adolescents
    Cynthia S Tsai
    Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 200:38.e1-8. 2009
    ..The objective of the study was to examine the association between douching and 4 sexually transmitted infections (STIs)...
  32. pmc Hepatitis B and hepatitis C in Pakistan: prevalence and risk factors
    Syed Asad Ali
    Institute for Global Health, Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, 37203 1738, USA
    Int J Infect Dis 13:9-19. 2009
    ..However, national level estimates of the prevalence of and risk factors for hepatitis B and hepatitis C are currently not available...
  33. pmc Sources of data for improved surveillance of HIV/AIDS in China
    Yujiang Jia
    Institute for Global Health, School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 38:1041-52. 2007
    ..Support for surveillance and strategic analyses can enable policy decision makers to make more effective program choices and mobilize adequate resources to contain HIV...
  34. pmc The future of HIV prevention: control of sexually transmitted infections and circumcision interventions
    Vikrant V Sahasrabuddhe
    Department of Pediatrics, Institute for Global Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 21:241-57, xi. 2007
    ..Global expansion of STI treatment and male circumcision programs are vital tools for control of HIV infection; current evidence is reviewed and research priorities are presented...
  35. pmc Risk factors for HIV infection among Haitian adolescents and young adults seeking counseling and testing in Port-au-Prince
    Tsogzolmaa Dorjgochoo
    Institute for Global Health, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 0242, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 52:498-508. 2009
    ..Many Haitian adolescents and youth are highly vulnerable to HIV infection. It was important to define the risk factors of the young people who are already seeking care...
  36. pmc Prevalence and predictors of squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix in HIV-infected women in Lusaka, Zambia
    Groesbeck P Parham
    School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA, and University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia
    Gynecol Oncol 103:1017-22. 2006
    ..We evaluated the prevalence and predictors of cervical squamous intraepithelial lesions (SIL) among HIV-infected women in Zambia...
  37. pmc Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Africa: successes and challenges in scaling-up a nevirapine-based program in Lusaka, Zambia
    Elizabeth M Stringer
    School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    AIDS 17:1377-82. 2003
    ..Nearly half of perinatal HIV infection is preventable with nevirapine (NVP), which has transformed the ability to confront this transmission route in resource-limited settings...
  38. pmc Comparison of two strategies for administering nevirapine to prevent perinatal HIV transmission in high-prevalence, resource-poor settings
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 32:506-13. 2003
    ....
  39. pmc Universal nevirapine upon presentation in labor to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in high prevalence settings
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    AIDS 18:939-43. 2004
    ..To assess the uptake of and adherence to nevirapine to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission among women of unknown HIV serostatus presenting in labor. We also assessed preliminary efficacy of the approach...
  40. pmc Treatment of intestinal helminths does not reduce plasma concentrations of HIV-1 RNA in coinfected Zambian adults
    Kayvon Modjarrad
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama, Birmingham, AL 35294 2170, USA
    J Infect Dis 192:1277-83. 2005
    ....
  41. ncbi request reprint Prenatal HIV counseling, testing, and antiretroviral prophylaxis by obstetric and family medicine providers in Alabama
    Stacy A Nichols
    Department of Epidemiology and International Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 2170, USA
    Am J Med Sci 324:305-9. 2002
    ....
  42. pmc Priorities for antiretroviral therapy research in sub-Saharan Africa: a 2002 consensus conference in Zambia
    Isaac Zulu
    University Teaching Hospital, Lusaka, Zambia
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 36:831-4. 2004
    ..The priority areas for research are most relevant today given the increasing availability of HAART...
  43. pmc Prevalence and predictors of intestinal helminth infections among human immunodeficiency virus type 1-infected adults in an urban African setting
    Kayvon Modjarrad
    Department of Epidemiology, University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Public Health, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 73:777-82. 2005
    ..The high helminth prevalence and potential for adverse interactions between helminths and HIV suggests that helminth diagnosis and treatment should be part of routine HIV care...
  44. ncbi request reprint Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV in Africa
    Sten H Vermund
    The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Top HIV Med 12:130-4. 2004
    ..This article summarizes a presentation by Sten H. Vermund, MD, PhD, at the International AIDS Society-USA course in Chicago in May 2004...
  45. ncbi request reprint Adherence to HAART among HIV-infected persons in rural Louisiana
    Hamish Mohammed
    Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, Louisiana 70118, USA
    AIDS Patient Care STDS 18:289-96. 2004
    ..Interventions to treat problem drinking are needed and may improve adherence to medication for HIV-infected persons living in rural, town, and small-city areas...
  46. ncbi request reprint Incidence and risk factors for sexually transmitted infections among women in an Alabama HIV clinic
    Cheryl Ann Monteiro
    Department of Medicine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 20:577-83. 2004
    ..99 (1.28, 3.08), and a higher CD4+ T cell count, RR = 1.15 (1.0028, 1.3115) for 100 cells. Interventions to prevent curable STI in HIV-infected women are warranted in primary care settings...
  47. pmc Correlates of nontransmission in US women at high risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infection through sexual exposure
    Joan H Skurnick
    Department of Preventive Medicine and Community Health, New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103 2714, USA
    J Infect Dis 185:428-38. 2002
    ..These observations suggest that the primary protective factor is CD8 cell activity in both the HIV-positive donor and the HIV-negative partner. These findings have substantial implications for vaccine development...
  48. pmc Personal risk perception, HIV knowledge and risk avoidance behavior, and their relationships to actual HIV serostatus in an urban African obstetric population
    Elizabeth M Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 35:60-6. 2004
    ..Before significant inroads can be made in decreasing the incidence of HIV infection among pregnant women, population-based strategies that involve men must be implemented...
  49. ncbi request reprint Nevirapine to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 among women of unknown serostatus
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    Lancet 362:1850-3. 2003
  50. pmc Timing of the maternal drug dose and risk of perinatal HIV transmission in the setting of intrapartum and neonatal single-dose nevirapine
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    AIDS 17:1659-65. 2003
    ..Single-dose intrapartum and neonatal nevirapine (NVP) reduces perinatal HIV transmission and is in increasingly common use throughout the developing world...
  51. ncbi request reprint Developing a human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome therapeutic research agenda for resource-limited countries: a consensus statement
    Sten H Vermund
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294 2170, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:S4-12. 2003
    ..To achieve sustainable approaches to HIV/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome care, research relevant to resource-limited settings must involve local researchers and community representatives to promote development of local capacity...
  52. pmc Effect of nevirapine toxicity on choice of perinatal HIV prevention strategies
    Jeffrey S A Stringer
    Center for Research in Women s Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:365-6. 2002
    ..This study evaluated the validity of concerns about the toxicity of nevirapine (NVP) that have delayed its implementation as a perinatal HIV prevention strategy...
  53. ncbi request reprint Protease inhibitor combination therapy and decreased condom use among gay men
    Ralph J Diclemente
    Emory University, Rollins School of Public Health and Emory Atlanta Center for AIDS Research, GA 30322, USA
    South Med J 95:421-5. 2002
    ..The objective of the study was to determine whether treatment with protease inhibitors is associated with unprotected sexual behavior...
  54. ncbi request reprint HIV-1 and HIV-2 seroprevalence and risk factors among hospital outpatients in the Eastern Region of Ghana, West Africa
    Larry W Chang
    Emory School of Medicine, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia, U S A
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 29:511-6. 2002
    ..Intervention programs directed at these high risk populations for HIV infection in Ghana are urgently needed...
  55. ncbi request reprint Barriers to HIV testing--where next?
    Sten H Vermund
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL 35294, USA
    Lancet 360:1186-7. 2002
  56. ncbi request reprint Host genetic profiles predict virological and immunological control of HIV-1 infection in adolescents
    Jianming Tang
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, AL 39294 0022, USA
    AIDS 16:2275-84. 2002
    ..To evaluate the correlation between host genetic profiles and virological and immunological outcomes among HIV-1-seropositive participants from the Reaching for Excellence in Adolescent Care and Health (REACH) cohort...
  57. pmc Influence of body mass index on pregnancy outcomes among HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected Zambian women
    Yolan Banda
    School of Medicine, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Trop Med Int Health 12:856-61. 2007
    ..To determine the influence of body mass index (BMI) on pregnancy outcomes of HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected Zambian women and to assess the possible role of BMI on mother-to-child transmission rate of HIV...
  58. pmc CC chemokine receptor 5 genotype and susceptibility to transmission of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in women
    Sean Philpott
    Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health, Albany, New York 12208, USA
    J Infect Dis 187:569-75. 2003
    ..Because Delta 32 is rare in Africans and Asians, it seems plausible that differential genetic susceptibility, in addition to social and behavioral factors, may contribute to the rapid heterosexual spread of HIV-1 in Africa and Asia...
  59. ncbi request reprint Utility of cervicography in HIV-infected and uninfected adolescents
    Anna Barbara Moscicki
    Department of Pediatrics, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California, USA
    J Adolesc Health 32:204-13. 2003
    ..To compare cytology with cervicography in HIV-infected and uninfected adolescent females...
  60. pmc Vaginal douching: evidence for risks or benefits to women's health
    Jenny L Martino
    Schools of Public Health and Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    Epidemiol Rev 24:109-24. 2002
  61. ncbi request reprint Antiretroviral drugs obtained without prescription for treatment of HIV/AIDS in Pakistan: patient mismanagement as a serious threat for drug resistance
    Sharaf Ali Shah
    J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 15:378. 2005
  62. pmc Effectiveness of a city-wide program to prevent mother-to-child HIV transmission in Lusaka, Zambia
    Jeffrey Sa Stringer
    Schools of Medicine and Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    AIDS 19:1309-15. 2005
    ..To determine the population effectiveness of a city-wide perinatal HIV prevention program...
  63. ncbi request reprint HIV/AIDS in Pakistan: has the explosion begun?
    Sten H Vermund
    J Pak Med Assoc 56:S1-2. 2006
  64. pmc Do targeted HIV programs improve overall care for pregnant women?: Antenatal syphilis management in Zambia before and after implementation of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs
    Dara Potter
    Schools of Public Health and Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 47:79-85. 2008
    ..The implementation of disease-specific research or service programs may have an ancillary beneficial or harmful impact on routine clinical services...
  65. pmc A randomized trial of the intrauterine contraceptive device vs hormonal contraception in women who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus
    Elizabeth M Stringer
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 197:144.e1-8. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to determine whether the intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD) is effective and safe among women who are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)...
  66. pmc Seroincidence of recent human immunodeficiency virus type 1 infections in China
    Yao Xiao
    National AIDS Reference Laboratory, National Center for AIDS and STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, People s Republic of China
    Clin Vaccine Immunol 14:1384-6. 2007
    ....
  67. pmc Delayed access to HIV diagnosis and care: Special concerns for the Southern United States
    Christopher S Krawczyk
    University of Alabama at Birmingham Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama, USA
    AIDS Care 18:S35-44. 2006
    ..We review here the benefits conferred by HIV care, descriptive epidemiology of delayed HIV diagnosis and care, and potential barriers to early medical care with special reference to conditions prevalent in the South...
  68. ncbi request reprint Migration patterns following HIV diagnosis among adults residing in the nonurban Deep South
    Bonita S Agee
    University of Alabama at Birmingham, School of Public Health, Birmingham, Alabama 35294 0022, USA
    AIDS Care 18:S51-8. 2006
    ..We conclude that most HIV transmission in non-urban Alabama and Mississippi is acquired locally. These results underline the need to expand HIV prevention programs in the Deep South...
  69. pmc Expansion of HIV/AIDS in China: lessons from Yunnan Province
    Yan Xiao
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Room 502, No 42 Dongjing Road, Xuanwu District, Beijing 100050, China
    Soc Sci Med 64:665-75. 2007
    ....
  70. pmc Early clinical and immune response to NNRTI-based antiretroviral therapy among women with prior exposure to single-dose nevirapine
    Benjamin H Chi
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Zambia
    AIDS 21:957-64. 2007
    ....
  71. pmc High prevalence of HIV and syphilis in a remote native community of the Peruvian Amazon
    Carol Zavaleta
    Instituto de Medicina Tropical Alexander von Humboldt, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
    Am J Trop Med Hyg 76:703-5. 2007
    ..The outcomes of this study highlight the need for urgent medical and anthropologic approaches to stop HIV transmission in indigenous Amazonian communities...
  72. ncbi request reprint Complete blood cell count as a surrogate CD4 cell marker for HIV monitoring in resource-limited settings
    Ray Y Chen
    Department of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA
    J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 44:525-30. 2007
    ..We developed a more effective method based on a decision tree algorithm to classify subjects...
  73. pmc Early infant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 detection suitable for resource-limited settings with multiple circulating subtypes by use of nested three-monoplex DNA PCR and dried blood spots
    Qi Zhang
    National Center for Women and Children s Health, China Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100013, People s Republic of China
    J Clin Microbiol 46:721-6. 2008
    ..7% at 1 to 2 months, and 100% at 3 to 6 months of age. The HIV-1 DNA N3M-PCR assay on DBSs offers a simple and affordable approach for early infant HIV-1 diagnosis in regions with diverse HIV-1 circulating subtypes...
  74. pmc Co-infection with HIV and hepatitis C virus in former plasma/blood donors: challenge for patient care in rural China
    Han Zhu Qian
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    AIDS 20:1429-35. 2006
    ..Illegal commercial plasma donation in the late 1980s and early 1990s caused blood-borne infections in China...
  75. doi request reprint Circumcision and HIV prevention among men who have sex with men: no final word
    Sten H Vermund
    JAMA 300:1698-700. 2008
  76. pmc Hepatitis C virus infection in former commercial plasma/blood donors in rural Shanxi Province, China: the China Integrated Programs for Research on AIDS
    Han Zhu Qian
    National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing
    J Infect Dis 192:1694-700. 2005
    ..Unsafe practices during illegal plasma donation in the late 1980s and early 1990s spread bloodborne infections in central China...
  77. pmc Does severity of HIV disease in HIV-infected mothers affect mortality and morbidity among their uninfected infants?
    Louise Kuhn
    Gertrude H Sergievsky Center, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 41:1654-61. 2005
    ..We investigated the hypothesis that the severity of HIV disease and immune dysfunction among mothers is associated with increased morbidity and mortality among their uninfected infants...
  78. pmc Correlates of syphilis seroreactivity among pregnant women: the HIVNET 024 Trial in Malawi, Tanzania, and Zambia
    Dara Potter
    School of Public Health, University of Alabama at Birmingham, USA
    Sex Transm Dis 33:604-9. 2006
    ....
  79. pmc Simple adherence assessments to predict virologic failure among HIV-infected adults with discordant immunologic and clinical responses to antiretroviral therapy
    Jason D Goldman
    Centre for Infectious Disease Research in Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
    AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 24:1031-5. 2008
    ..Among patients with suspected treatment failure, a lower MPR was associated with higher rates of detectable viremia. However, the suboptimal sensitivity and specificity of MPR limit its utility as a sole predictor of virologic failure...
  80. pmc Factors associated with delayed initiation of HIV medical care among infected persons attending a southern HIV/AIDS clinic
    Christopher S Krawczyk
    University of Alabama, Birmingham Schools of Public Health and Medicine, Birmingham, AL, USA
    South Med J 99:472-81. 2006
    ..Despite the proven benefits conferred by early human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) diagnosis and presentation to care, delays in HIV medical care are common; these delays are not fully understood, especially in the southern United States...
  81. pmc Monitoring and evaluation of programmes to prevent mother to child transmission of HIV in Africa
    Richard Reithinger
    Clinical Trials Area, Westat, Rockville, Maryland, USA
    BMJ 334:1143-6. 2007
  82. pmc Predictors of unprotected sex among men who have sex with men in Beijing, China
    Xinxu Li
    State Key Laboratory for Infectious Disease Prevention and Control, National Center for AIDS STD Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
    Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 39:99-108. 2008
    ..Further education, condom promotion, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections should be intensified urgently to combat the rising HIV epidemic among MSM in Beijing...
  83. ncbi request reprint Millions of life-years saved with potent antiretroviral drugs in the United States: a celebration, with challenges
    Sten H Vermund
    J Infect Dis 194:1-5. 2006
  84. ncbi request reprint Use of traditional medicine among pregnant women in Lusaka, Zambia
    Yolan Banda
    University of Zambia School of Medicine, Lusaka, Zambia
    J Altern Complement Med 13:123-7. 2007
    ..We studied the prevalence of and predictors for traditional medicine use among pregnant women seeking care in the Lusaka, Zambia public health system...

Research Grants14

  1. Measuring Incident Human Immonodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Infections in China
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Whether we pursue option 1 or 2 will depend upon the results of Specific Aim 1. Year two of this R03 award will be in the pursuit of option 1 or 2, as the science dictates. ..
  2. Cervical Cancer Screening in HIV-infected women in India
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  3. HIV Prevention trials Network (HPTN) Coordinating and Operations Center
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Therefore, our agenda is complementary to long-term investments (finding a cure, vaccine, or microbicide). ..
  4. Estimation Models for HIV/AIDS in China
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..We intend to use the findings to help the China CDC establishing a better estimation model for HIV/AIDS. ..
  5. Cervical Cancer Screening in HIV-infected women in India
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ....
  6. ENVIRONMENTAL AND MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF P CARINII
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2001
    ..The long-term objective of this research is to prevent the transmission of PC in the health care as well as the home setting, thereby reducing the risk of PC infection among immunosuppressed individuals. ..
  7. ENVIRONMENTAL AND MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF P CARINII
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..The long-term objective of this research is to prevent the transmission of PC in the health care as well as the home setting, thereby reducing the risk of PC infection among immunosuppressed individuals. ..
  8. ENVIRONMENTAL AND MOLECULAR EPIDEMIOLOGY OF P CARINII
    Sten Vermund; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..The long-term objective of this research is to prevent the transmission of PC in the health care as well as the home setting, thereby reducing the risk of PC infection among immunosuppressed individuals. ..