William Schaffner

Summary

Affiliation: Vanderbilt University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. doi request reprint Vaccines and public policy
    William Schaffner
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Hum Vaccin Immunother 8:702-5. 2012
  2. doi request reprint Keeping our adult patients healthy and active: the role of vaccines across the lifespan
    William Schaffner
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Phys Sportsmed 38:35-47. 2010
  3. pmc Response to emerging infection leading to outbreak of linezolid-resistant enterococci
    Marion A Kainer
    Tennessee Department of Health, Communicable and Environmental Disease Services, Nashville, Tennessee 37243, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1024-30. 2007
  4. ncbi request reprint Asthma as a risk factor for invasive pneumococcal disease
    Thomas R Talbot
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:2082-90. 2005
  5. ncbi request reprint Medical and economic impact of a respiratory syncytial virus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Natasha B Halasa
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 2581, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:1040-4. 2005
  6. doi request reprint Mortality rates associated with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection in surgical intensive care units
    Titus L Daniels
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:1080-3. 2008
  7. ncbi request reprint Invasive pneumococcal disease among infants before and after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Katherine A Poehling
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 2504, USA
    JAMA 295:1668-74. 2006
  8. ncbi request reprint Transmission of hepatitis B in the health care setting: the elephant in the room ... or the mouse?
    Ban Mishu Allos
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:1245-7. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease among individuals with sickle cell disease before and after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Natasha B Halasa
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1428-33. 2007
  10. ncbi request reprint Exposure to pulmonary tuberculosis in a neonatal intensive care unit: unique aspects of contact investigation and management of hospitalized neonates
    Joseph Jacob Nania
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:661-5. 2007

Detail Information

Publications33

  1. doi request reprint Vaccines and public policy
    William Schaffner
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Hum Vaccin Immunother 8:702-5. 2012
    ..Mine was to be at the state health department in Rhode Island. Which is where I encountered measles and measles vaccine...
  2. doi request reprint Keeping our adult patients healthy and active: the role of vaccines across the lifespan
    William Schaffner
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Phys Sportsmed 38:35-47. 2010
    ..Routine vaccination into adulthood must be viewed as standard of care and an integral component of a comprehensive preventive care program...
  3. pmc Response to emerging infection leading to outbreak of linezolid-resistant enterococci
    Marion A Kainer
    Tennessee Department of Health, Communicable and Environmental Disease Services, Nashville, Tennessee 37243, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 13:1024-30. 2007
    ..1 per day), and duration of preceding linezolid therapy (AOR 1.1 per day). Linezolid exposure and patient-to-patient transmission appear to be responsible for LRE infections, an important emeraina hospital problem...
  4. ncbi request reprint Asthma as a risk factor for invasive pneumococcal disease
    Thomas R Talbot
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 352:2082-90. 2005
    ..The risk of invasive pneumococcal disease among persons with asthma is unknown...
  5. ncbi request reprint Medical and economic impact of a respiratory syncytial virus outbreak in a neonatal intensive care unit
    Natasha B Halasa
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 2581, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:1040-4. 2005
    ..We investigated an outbreak of RSV infection in a NICU and its impact on health care delivery, outcomes and costs...
  6. doi request reprint Mortality rates associated with multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection in surgical intensive care units
    Titus L Daniels
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 29:1080-3. 2008
    ..baumannii HAI. The median length of hospital stay before diagnosis of HAI was 4.5 days longer for patients with MDR A. baumannii infection than for patients with non-MDR A. baumannii infection (P < .001)...
  7. ncbi request reprint Invasive pneumococcal disease among infants before and after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Katherine A Poehling
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 2504, USA
    JAMA 295:1668-74. 2006
    ..Streptococcus pneumoniae is a serious infection in young infants. A heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was licensed in 2000 and recommended for all children aged 2 to 23 months...
  8. ncbi request reprint Transmission of hepatitis B in the health care setting: the elephant in the room ... or the mouse?
    Ban Mishu Allos
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    J Infect Dis 195:1245-7. 2007
  9. ncbi request reprint Incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease among individuals with sickle cell disease before and after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Natasha B Halasa
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 44:1428-33. 2007
    ..We sought to determine the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) among individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD) before and after the introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)...
  10. ncbi request reprint Exposure to pulmonary tuberculosis in a neonatal intensive care unit: unique aspects of contact investigation and management of hospitalized neonates
    Joseph Jacob Nania
    Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases and Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:661-5. 2007
    ....
  11. ncbi request reprint Seasonality of invasive pneumococcal disease: temporal relation to documented influenza and respiratory syncytial viral circulation
    Thomas R Talbot
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Am J Med 118:285-91. 2005
    ..Using two prospective surveillance networks, the temporal relation between invasive pneumococcal disease and isolation of circulating winter viruses was explored...
  12. ncbi request reprint Compliance with azithromycin versus erythromycin in the setting of a pertussis outbreak
    Rose A Devasia
    Infectious Diseases Division, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Am J Med Sci 337:176-8. 2009
    ..We evaluated treatment adherence between exposed persons giving erythromycin or azithromycin during a community-wide pertussis outbreak...
  13. pmc Evaluating the utility of syndromic surveillance algorithms for screening to detect potentially clonal hospital infection outbreaks
    Randy J Carnevale
    Department of Biomedical Informatics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    J Am Med Inform Assoc 18:466-72. 2011
    ..The authors evaluated algorithms commonly used in syndromic surveillance for use as screening tools to detect potentially clonal outbreaks for review by infection control practitioners...
  14. doi request reprint Tularemia pneumonia
    Lora D Thomas
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, A2200 MCN, 1161 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Infect Dis Clin North Am 24:43-55. 2010
    ..This article describes the history of this infection, epidemiology, methods of diagnosis and treatment, and its potential as a bioterrorism weapon...
  15. ncbi request reprint Perioperative blood transfusion is predictive of poststernotomy surgical site infection: marker for morbidity or true immunosuppressant?
    Thomas R Talbot
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 38:1378-82. 2004
    ..41-7.31) and diabetes (OR, 3.65; 95% CI, 1.42-9.36) were predictors for SSI. The exact role of blood transfusion in the pathogenesis of SSI, whether as a direct immunosuppressant or a surrogate marker for morbidity, remains unresolved...
  16. ncbi request reprint Elimination of racial differences in invasive pneumococcal disease in young children after introduction of the conjugate pneumococcal vaccine
    Thomas R Talbot
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 23:726-31. 2004
    ..Racial differences in the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) have been widely recognized, but the impact of conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV) introduction in 2000 on these differences has not been extensively studied...
  17. ncbi request reprint Reduction in high rates of antibiotic-nonsusceptible invasive pneumococcal disease in tennessee after introduction of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Thomas R Talbot
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:641-8. 2004
    ..One measure to combat IPD is vaccination with the recently introduced 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV)...
  18. doi request reprint Frequency of detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus from rectovaginal swabs in pregnant women
    C Buddy Creech
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University Medical Center and Vanderbilt Children s Hospital, Nashville, TN 37232 2573, USA
    Am J Infect Control 38:72-4. 2010
    ..Overall, S aureus was detected in 21.6% of the women; 53.7% of the isolates were MRSA. Despite a lack of risk factors for MRSA colonization, rectovaginal MRSA was detected in 10.4% of pregnant women in this study...
  19. ncbi request reprint Healthcare workers' knowledge and attitudes about pertussis and pertussis vaccination
    William P Goins
    Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 28:1284-9. 2007
    ..To determine knowledge and attitudes about pertussis and pertussis vaccination among healthcare workers (HCWs)...
  20. ncbi request reprint Beyond screening: identifying new barriers to early onset group B streptococcal disease prevention
    Esther Eisenberg
    Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 24:520-4. 2005
    ..Group B streptococcal infections remain an important cause of morbidity and mortality in newborns...
  21. ncbi request reprint Increased incidence of the outbreak strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the surrounding community after an outbreak in a jail
    Timothy F Jones
    Communicable and Environmental Disease Services, Tennessee Department of Health and Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37247, USA
    South Med J 96:155-7. 2003
    ..Between 1995 and 1997, a tuberculosis outbreak occurred in a large, urban jail. We investigated whether the outbreak strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) was circulating in the surrounding community after that outbreak...
  22. ncbi request reprint Outbreak of aseptic meningitis associated with echovirus 13
    David L Kirschke
    Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Nashville, TN, USA
    Pediatr Infect Dis J 21:1034-8. 2002
    ..We investigated a large outbreak in Shelby County, TN, to determine the characteristics and clinical manifestations of echovirus 13 meningitis...
  23. ncbi request reprint Family outbreaks of invasive community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection
    Timothy F Jones
    Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, TN 37247, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 42:e76-8. 2006
    ..Although surveillance via culture of family contacts of patients with invasive methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infection is not currently recommended, such clusters should stimulate reevaluation of preventive measures...
  24. ncbi request reprint Neurologic complications including paralysis after a medication error involving implanted intrathecal catheters
    Timothy F Jones
    Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, Tennessee 37247, USA
    Am J Med 112:31-6. 2002
    ..Long-term continuous intrathecal infusion of medications for chronic medical problems is common. We investigated the cause of a cluster of severe neurologic complications in patients with intrathecal catheters...
  25. ncbi request reprint The changing epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Tennessee
    Benjamin S Heavrin
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Department of Preventive Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Tenn Med 97:357-60. 2004
    ..We describe the changing epidemiology of HIV/AIDS in Tennessee to identify opportunities for improved response to the epidemic...
  26. ncbi request reprint Outbreak of joint and soft-tissue infections associated with injections from a multiple-dose medication vial
    David L Kirschke
    Epidemiology Program Office, Epidemic Intelligence Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA and Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, TN, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 36:1369-73. 2003
    ..aureus in MDVs of lidocaine revealed prolonged survival at refrigerator temperatures. This outbreak highlights the importance of strict attention to aseptic procedures and carefully following manufacturers' instructions when using MDVs...
  27. pmc An outbreak of community-acquired foodborne illness caused by methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
    Timothy F Jones
    Communicable and Environmental Disease Services, Tennessee Department of Health, 4th Floor, Cordell Hull Building, 425 5th Avenue N, Nashville, TN 37247, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 8:82-4. 2002
    ..This is the first report of an outbreak of gastrointestinal illness caused by community-acquired MRSA...
  28. ncbi request reprint Endemically acquired foodborne outbreak of enterotoxin-producing Escherichia coli serotype O169:H41
    Rose A Devasia
    Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, Tenn 37247, USA
    Am J Med 119:168.e7-10. 2006
    ..It is important for public health practitioners and clinicians to be aware of ETEC as a domestic cause of gastroenteritis. We investigated a foodborne disease outbreak to understand the epidemiology of ETEC in this setting...
  29. ncbi request reprint Update on vaccine-preventable diseases: are adults in your community adequately protected?
    William Schaffner
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Fam Pract 57:S1-11; quiz S12. 2008
    ....
  30. doi request reprint Trends in healthcare usage attributable to diarrhea, 1995-2004
    Stephen J Pont
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
    J Pediatr 153:777-82. 2008
    ..To determine current diarrhea-associated healthcare usage rates and associated sociodemographic factors. These data can be used to determine the impact of the rotavirus vaccine...
  31. ncbi request reprint Epidemiologic investigation of a restaurant-associated outbreak of Pontiac fever
    Timothy F Jones
    Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, TN 37247, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 37:1292-7. 2003
    ..Pontiac fever should be considered as a diagnosis during acute outbreaks of influenza-like illness with a high attack rate and no other identified etiology...
  32. ncbi request reprint Determinants of influenza vaccination, 2003-2004: shortages, fallacies and disparities
    Timothy F Jones
    Tennessee Department of Health, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville 37247, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 39:1824-8. 2004
    ..Understanding the determinants of vaccine receipt is important for guiding immunization policies...
  33. ncbi request reprint Hepatitis A outbreak activity in the United States: responding to a vaccine-preventable disease
    Allen S Craig
    Tennessee Department of Health, Nashville, Tennessee 37247, USA
    Am J Med Sci 334:180-3. 2007
    ....