W A Ray

Summary

Affiliation: Vanderbilt University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Educational program for physicians to reduce use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among community-dwelling elderly persons: a randomized controlled trial
    W A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Med Care 39:425-35. 2001
  2. ncbi request reprint COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cardiovascular disease
    Wayne A Ray
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, A 1124, MCN, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 12:67-70. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Misclassification of current benzodiazepine exposure by use of a single baseline measurement and its effects upon studies of injuries
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Nashville VAMC, Nashville, TN, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:663-9. 2002
  4. pmc Lipid-lowering agents and the risk of hip fracture in a Medicaid population
    W A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and the Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Nashville VAMC, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    Inj Prev 8:276-9. 2002
  5. ncbi request reprint COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of serious coronary heart disease
    Wayne A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Lancet 360:1071-3. 2002
  6. ncbi request reprint Cyclic antidepressants and the risk of sudden cardiac death
    Wayne A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, A 1124 Medical Center North, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 75:234-41. 2004
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluating medication effects outside of clinical trials: new-user designs
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:915-20. 2003
  8. ncbi request reprint Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of serious coronary heart disease: an observational cohort study
    Wayne A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Lancet 359:118-23. 2002
  9. ncbi request reprint Antipsychotics and the risk of sudden cardiac death
    W A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:1161-7. 2001
  10. ncbi request reprint Educational program for nursing home physicians and staff to reduce use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among nursing home residents: a randomized controlled trial
    C M Stein
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Med Care 39:436-45. 2001

Detail Information

Publications57

  1. ncbi request reprint Educational program for physicians to reduce use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among community-dwelling elderly persons: a randomized controlled trial
    W A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Med Care 39:425-35. 2001
    ..Because NSAIDs frequently cause serious gastrointestinal (GI) and other complications among elderly patients, expert guidelines for osteoarthritis recommend acetaminophen-based regimens, which are safer and often as effective as NSAIDs...
  2. ncbi request reprint COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and cardiovascular disease
    Wayne A Ray
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, A 1124, MCN, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 12:67-70. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Misclassification of current benzodiazepine exposure by use of a single baseline measurement and its effects upon studies of injuries
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Nashville VAMC, Nashville, TN, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 11:663-9. 2002
    ..We used data from an historical cohort study to demonstrate the extent of misclassification potentially induced by this practice...
  4. pmc Lipid-lowering agents and the risk of hip fracture in a Medicaid population
    W A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine and the Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Nashville VAMC, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    Inj Prev 8:276-9. 2002
    ..However, this comparison may be biased by unmeasured factors associated with treated hyperlipidemias...
  5. ncbi request reprint COX-2 selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of serious coronary heart disease
    Wayne A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Lancet 360:1071-3. 2002
    ..93 (1.09-3.42, p=0.024). By contrast, there was no evidence of raised risk of CHD among users of rofecoxib at doses of 25 mg or less or among users of other NSAIDs...
  6. ncbi request reprint Cyclic antidepressants and the risk of sudden cardiac death
    Wayne A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, A 1124 Medical Center North, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 75:234-41. 2004
    ..We thus sought to quantify the risk of sudden cardiac death among TCA users, according to dose, as well as among users of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)...
  7. ncbi request reprint Evaluating medication effects outside of clinical trials: new-user designs
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 158:915-20. 2003
    ..This article thus argues that such designs should be used more frequently in pharmacoepidemiology...
  8. ncbi request reprint Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and risk of serious coronary heart disease: an observational cohort study
    Wayne A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Lancet 359:118-23. 2002
    ..We did an observational study to measure the effects of NANSAIDs, including naproxen, on risk of serious coronary heart disease...
  9. ncbi request reprint Antipsychotics and the risk of sudden cardiac death
    W A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Arch Gen Psychiatry 58:1161-7. 2001
    ..The study was conducted before the introduction of risperidone and, thus, did not include the newer atypical agents...
  10. ncbi request reprint Educational program for nursing home physicians and staff to reduce use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs among nursing home residents: a randomized controlled trial
    C M Stein
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Med Care 39:436-45. 2001
    ..5%) and intervention (35.4%) groups had worsening of their arthritis pain score (P = 0.81). CONCLUSIONS: An educational intervention effectively reduced NSAID use in nursing homes without worsening of arthritis pain...
  11. ncbi request reprint Possible medication errors in home healthcare patients
    S Meredith
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 49:719-24. 2001
    ..More-effective methods are needed to improve medication use in this vulnerable population...
  12. ncbi request reprint Excess costs from gastrointestinal disease associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
    W E Smalley
    Department of Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tenn, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 11:461-9. 1996
    ..01, linear trend). CONCLUSIONS: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) use in elderly patients was associated with substantial excess costs and utilization of medical care for gastrointestinal disorders...
  13. ncbi request reprint Changes in continuity of enrollment among high-risk children following implementation of TennCare
    W O Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tenn 37232 8555, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 153:1145-9. 1999
    ..TennCare, Tennessee's Medicaid managed care program, was introduced in 1994 with the goals of controlling spending and of improving access to health care...
  14. pmc Reducing antipsychotic drug prescribing for nursing home patients: a controlled trial of the effect of an educational visit
    W A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37323
    Am J Public Health 77:1448-50. 1987
    ..Although well-received, the visit did not reduce antipsychotic drug prescribing. This negative finding suggests that future interventions address factors within the nursing home which encourage antipsychotic drug use...
  15. ncbi request reprint Comparison of perinatal outcomes among TennCare managed care organizations
    W O Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Pediatrics 104:525-9. 1999
    ..To compare perinatal outcomes among the managed care organizations (MCOs) providing care to beneficiaries enrolled in TennCare, Tennessee's capitated Medicaid managed care program...
  16. ncbi request reprint Sociodemographic factors identify US infants at high risk of injury mortality
    S J Scholer
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Pediatrics 103:1183-8. 1999
    ..To identify sociodemographic predictors of infant injury mortality and to compare trends in injury mortality rates for high- and low-risk US infants from 1985 to 1991...
  17. ncbi request reprint Use of healthcare resources among medically and surgically treated patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease: a population-based study
    M D Holzman
    Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University and Nashville Veteran Affairs Medical Center, TN, USA
    J Am Coll Surg 192:17-24. 2001
    ....
  18. ncbi request reprint Reserpine reconsidered: no association with serious peptic ulcer disease
    R I Shorr
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232-2637
    J Gen Intern Med 8:510-2. 1993
    ..5-1.3) among former users. The authors' data provide evidence that reserpine is not associated with ulcer disease in elderly persons and suggest that a history of ulcer disease need not be a contraindication to the use of this drug...
  19. ncbi request reprint Prevention of fall-related injuries in long-term care: a randomized controlled trial of staff education
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Arch Intern Med 165:2293-8. 2005
    ..The aim of this study was to test whether a training program in safety practices for staff could reduce fall-related injuries in long-term care facilities...
  20. ncbi request reprint Risk of acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death in patients treated with cyclo-oxygenase 2 selective and non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: nested case-control study
    David J Graham
    Office of Drug Safety, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, Rockville, MD, USA
    Lancet 365:475-81. 2005
    ....
  21. ncbi request reprint National adherence to evidence-based guidelines for the prescription of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
    Neena S Abraham
    Houston Center for Quality of Care and Utilization Studies, Michael E DeBakey Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Texas 77030, USA
    Gastroenterology 129:1171-8. 2005
    ..Our objective was to assess adherence to evidence-based guidelines by providers of the Department of Veterans Affairs nationwide...
  22. ncbi request reprint Gaps in enrollment from a Medicaid managed care program: effects on emergency department visits and hospitalizations for children with asthma
    William O Cooper
    Division of General Pediatrics, Vanderbilt Children s Hospital, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 8555, USA
    Med Care 43:718-25. 2005
    ..For high-risk children with asthma enrolled in Medicaid, loss of Medicaid coverage is a potential threat to access to quality asthma care...
  23. pmc Resident work hour limits and patient safety
    Benjamin K Poulose
    Section of Surgical Sciences, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Ann Surg 241:847-56; discussion 856-60. 2005
    ..This study evaluates the effect of resident physician work hour limits on surgical patient safety...
  24. ncbi request reprint Inhibition of angiotensin II signaling and recurrence of atrial fibrillation in AFFIRM
    Katherine T Murray
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    Heart Rhythm 1:669-75. 2004
    ..We investigated whether inhibition of endogenous angiotensin II signaling reduces the recurrence rate of atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients enrolled in the Atrial Fibrillation Follow-up Investigation of Rhythm Management (AFFIRM) study...
  25. ncbi request reprint Cardiovascular toxicity of valdecoxib
    Wayne A Ray
    N Engl J Med 351:2767. 2004
  26. ncbi request reprint Trends in prescribing of antipsychotic medications for US children
    William O Cooper
    Division of General Pediatrics Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 6:79-83. 2006
    ..To identify frequencies of prescribing for antipsychotics among all US children...
  27. ncbi request reprint Major congenital malformations after first-trimester exposure to ACE inhibitors
    William O Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:2443-51. 2006
    ..We conducted a study to assess the association between exposure to ACE inhibitors during the first trimester of pregnancy only and the risk of congenital malformations...
  28. doi request reprint Health plan notification and feedback to providers is associated with increased filling of preventer medications for children with asthma enrolled in Medicaid
    William O Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 2504, USA
    J Pediatr 152:481-8. 2008
    ..To test the hypothesis that children enrolled in Medicaid managed care health plans that provide asthma-specific communication to providers would be more likely to have adequate asthma medication filling...
  29. ncbi request reprint Increasing exposure to angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors in pregnancy
    Michael E Bowen
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 198:291.e1-5. 2008
    ..The objective of the study was to identify angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor prescription-filling trends in pregnant women...
  30. ncbi request reprint Adjustment for multiple cardiovascular risk factors using a summary risk score
    Patrick G Arbogast
    Department of Biostatistics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 2158, USA
    Epidemiology 19:30-7. 2008
    ..Although this summary score has a number of advantages, there is concern that it may result in underestimation of the standard error of the exposure estimate and thus inflate the number of statistically significant results...
  31. ncbi request reprint Positive predictive value of computerized records for major congenital malformations
    William O Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 3723 2504, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:455-60. 2008
    ..To assess the positive predictive value of computerized records in a linked database of vital records and infant claims, with medical record confirmation to detect congenital malformations in a Medicaid population...
  32. ncbi request reprint Racial differences in antidepressant treatment preceding suicide in a Medicaid population
    Wayne A Ray
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University, 2600 Village at Vanderbilt, 1500 21st Ave, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Psychiatr Serv 58:1317-23. 2007
    ..This study assessed whether this racial disparity is present among patients with a very high risk of severe mood disorders--that is, those with completed suicides...
  33. ncbi request reprint Risk of peptic ulcer hospitalizations in users of NSAIDs with gastroprotective cotherapy versus coxibs
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Gastroenterology 133:790-8. 2007
    ..However, the relative clinical effectiveness of these therapeutic alternatives is understudied...
  34. ncbi request reprint Effect of regulatory warnings on antidepressant prescribing for children and adolescents
    Benji T Kurian
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 161:690-6. 2007
    ....
  35. ncbi request reprint Increasing use of antidepressants in pregnancy
    William O Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 2504, USA
    Am J Obstet Gynecol 196:544.e1-5. 2007
    ..The purpose of this study was to quantify the rate of exposures to antidepressants during pregnancy in a large cohort of women...
  36. ncbi request reprint Potential for conflict of interest in the evaluation of suspected adverse drug reactions: use of cerivastatin and risk of rhabdomyolysis
    Bruce M Psaty
    Cardiovascular Health Research Unit, Department of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, USA
    JAMA 292:2622-31. 2004
    ..As a result, the challenge of early detection has largely shifted to the US postmarketing systems...
  37. ncbi request reprint Oral erythromycin and the risk of sudden death from cardiac causes
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 351:1089-96. 2004
    ..We studied the association between the use of erythromycin and the risk of sudden death from cardiac causes and whether this risk was increased with the concurrent use of strong inhibitors of CYP3A...
  38. ncbi request reprint Very early exposure to erythromycin and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    William O Cooper
    Department of Pediatrics, Division of General Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Suite 5028 MCE, Nashville, TN 37232 8555, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 156:647-50. 2002
    ..To assess the link between very early erythromycin exposure and pyloric stenosis in young infants...
  39. ncbi request reprint Prenatal prescription of macrolide antibiotics and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis
    William O Cooper
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 8555, USA
    Obstet Gynecol 100:101-6. 2002
    ..To assess the association between prenatal antibiotics, including erythromycin, and infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis in a large cohort of infants...
  40. ncbi request reprint Underutilization of gastroprotective measures in patients receiving nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs
    Walter Smalley
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    Arthritis Rheum 46:2195-200. 2002
    ..To determine the frequency of use of recommended gastroprotective strategies in a cohort of patients receiving recurrent treatment with nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)...
  41. ncbi request reprint Oral corticosteroid use among children in TennCare
    William O Cooper
    Division of General Pediatrics Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Suite 5028 MCE, Nashville, TN 37232 8555, USA
    Ambul Pediatr 2:375-81. 2002
    ..Documenting patterns of use for medications with potential for suboptimal use and adverse effects, such as oral corticosteroids, would be useful...
  42. ncbi request reprint Outpatient adherence to beta-blocker therapy after acute myocardial infarction
    Javed Butler
    Department of Medicine, Cardiology Division, 383 PRB, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 40:1589-95. 2002
    ..This study was designed to determine adherence to outpatient beta-blocker therapy following acute myocardial infarction (AMI)...
  43. ncbi request reprint Effect of a mental health "carve-out" program on the continuity of antipsychotic therapy
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Nashville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 348:1885-94. 2003
    ..We studied the effect of this transition on the continuity of antipsychotic therapy among patients with severe mental illness who had previously adhered to treatment...
  44. ncbi request reprint Population-based studies of adverse drug effects
    Wayne A Ray
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, and the Geriatric Research, Education and Clinical Center, Nashville Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 349:1592-4. 2003
  45. ncbi request reprint Aspirin: redundant in users of nonaspirin, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory agents?
    Wayne A Ray
    Am Heart J 143:381-2. 2002
  46. ncbi request reprint New users of antipsychotic medications among children enrolled in TennCare
    William O Cooper
    Division of General Pediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Suite 5028 MCE, Nashville, TN 37232 8555, USA
    Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 158:753-9. 2004
    ....
  47. ncbi request reprint Postmarketing surveillance for drug safety: surely we can do better
    Marie R Griffin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, and Geriatric Research and Education Clinical Center, Veterans Affairs Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Nashville, 37232, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 75:491-4. 2004
  48. ncbi request reprint Outpatient utilization of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors among heart failure patients after hospital discharge
    Javed Butler
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    J Am Coll Cardiol 43:2036-43. 2004
    ..This study was designed to assess outpatient angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) use after heart failure (HF) hospitalization...
  49. ncbi request reprint High frequency of use of rofecoxib at greater than recommended doses: cause for concern
    Marie R Griffin
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 13:339-43. 2004
    ..Thus chronic use of high doses of rofecoxib has implications for patient safety...
  50. ncbi request reprint A population-based study of survival among elderly persons diagnosed with colorectal cancer: does race matter if all are insured? (United States)
    Selwyn O Rogers
    Department of Surgery Meharry Medical College, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Cancer Causes Control 15:193-9. 2004
    ..We examined the effect of race on CRC outcomes in a population-based study of elderly Tennesseeans who had identical healthcare coverage - simultaneous enrollment in both Medicaid and Medicare...
  51. ncbi request reprint Prescriptions for contraindicated category X drugs in pregnancy among women enrolled in TennCare
    William O Cooper
    Division of General Pediatrics Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 8555, USA
    Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 18:106-11. 2004
    ....
  52. ncbi request reprint Health care utilization after medical and surgical therapy for gastroesophageal reflux disease: a population-based study, 1996 to 2000
    Leena Khaitan
    Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Vanderbilt University Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Nashville, TN 37232, USA
    Arch Surg 138:1356-61. 2003
    ..Patients who undergo surgical treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) will use fewer health care resources than those who continue to be treated medically during the same follow-up period...
  53. ncbi request reprint Improving medication use in newly admitted home healthcare patients: a randomized controlled trial
    Sarah Meredith
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232, USA
    J Am Geriatr Soc 50:1484-91. 2002
    ..It used a structured collaboration between a specially trained clinical pharmacist and the patients' home-care nurses to improve medication use...
  54. ncbi request reprint Reform of drug regulation--beyond an independent drug-safety board
    Wayne A Ray
    Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 354:194-201. 2006
  55. ncbi request reprint Antipsychotics and sudden death: is thioridazine the only bad actor?
    Wayne A Ray
    Br J Psychiatry 180:483-4. 2002
  56. doi request reprint Learning from aprotinin--mandatory trials of comparative efficacy and safety needed
    Wayne A Ray
    N Engl J Med 358:840-2. 2008
  57. ncbi request reprint Observational studies of drugs and mortality
    Wayne A Ray
    Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 353:2319-21. 2005