Bunmi O Olatunji

Summary

Affiliation: Vanderbilt University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral therapy for hypochondriasis/health anxiety: a meta-analysis of treatment outcome and moderators
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, United States Electronic address
    Behav Res Ther 58:65-74. 2014
  2. ncbi request reprint Specificity of disgust domains in the prediction of contamination anxiety and avoidance: a multimodal examination
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University Electronic address
    Behav Ther 45:469-81. 2014
  3. doi request reprint Behavioral versus cognitive treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: an examination of outcome and mediators of change
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, TN 37203, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 81:415-28. 2013
  4. pmc Heightened attentional capture by threat in veterans with PTSD
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 122:397-405. 2013
  5. doi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: a meta-analysis of treatment outcome and moderators
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 47:33-41. 2013
  6. doi request reprint Development and initial validation of the medical fear survey-short version
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Assessment 19:318-36. 2012
  7. doi request reprint A taxometric investigation of the latent structure of eating disorders
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    Psychiatry Res 197:97-102. 2012
  8. doi request reprint The Three Domains of Disgust Scale: factor structure, psychometric properties, and conceptual limitations
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Assessment 19:205-25. 2012
  9. doi request reprint Effects of experienced disgust on habituation during repeated exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in blood-injection-injury phobia
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Ther 43:132-41. 2012
  10. doi request reprint Who am I to judge? Self-disgust predicts less punishment of severe transgressions
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Emotion 12:169-73. 2012

Research Grants

  1. Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia
    Olubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004

Detail Information

Publications86

  1. ncbi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral therapy for hypochondriasis/health anxiety: a meta-analysis of treatment outcome and moderators
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, United States Electronic address
    Behav Res Ther 58:65-74. 2014
    ..The implications of these findings for further delineating prognostic and prescriptive indicators of CBT for hypochondriasis/health anxiety are discussed. ..
  2. ncbi request reprint Specificity of disgust domains in the prediction of contamination anxiety and avoidance: a multimodal examination
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University Electronic address
    Behav Ther 45:469-81. 2014
    ..The implications of these findings for the development and maintenance of anxiety-related disorders marked by excessive contamination concerns are discussed. ..
  3. doi request reprint Behavioral versus cognitive treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder: an examination of outcome and mediators of change
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, TN 37203, USA
    J Consult Clin Psychol 81:415-28. 2013
    ..To examine symptom change over time, the effect of attrition on treatment outcome, and the putative mediators of cognitive therapy (CT) versus behavior therapy (BT) for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) using archival data...
  4. pmc Heightened attentional capture by threat in veterans with PTSD
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Abnorm Psychol 122:397-405. 2013
    ..These data support the presence of an attentional bias toward combat related stimuli in PTSD that should be a focus of treatment efforts...
  5. doi request reprint Cognitive-behavioral therapy for obsessive-compulsive disorder: a meta-analysis of treatment outcome and moderators
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 47:33-41. 2013
    ..This review indicates that while CBT is efficacious in the treatment of OCD, more research is needed to identify processes that may predict more favorable treatment responses...
  6. doi request reprint Development and initial validation of the medical fear survey-short version
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Assessment 19:318-36. 2012
    ..These findings suggest that the MFS-short form has considerable strengths, including decreased assessment time, while retaining sound psychometric properties...
  7. doi request reprint A taxometric investigation of the latent structure of eating disorders
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    Psychiatry Res 197:97-102. 2012
    ..These findings suggest that the diagnosis and assessment of eating disorder symptoms should be conceptualized from a dimensional framework...
  8. doi request reprint The Three Domains of Disgust Scale: factor structure, psychometric properties, and conceptual limitations
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Assessment 19:205-25. 2012
    ..The implications of these findings for the assessment of disgust are discussed...
  9. doi request reprint Effects of experienced disgust on habituation during repeated exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in blood-injection-injury phobia
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Ther 43:132-41. 2012
    ..The implications of these findings for conceptualizing the role of disgust in etiology and treatment of BII phobia are discussed...
  10. doi request reprint Who am I to judge? Self-disgust predicts less punishment of severe transgressions
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Emotion 12:169-73. 2012
    ..The implications of these findings for further conceptualizing how the heterogeneous construct of disgust operates in the moral domain are discussed...
  11. doi request reprint Fear and loathing: a meta-analytic review of the specificity of anger in PTSD
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 11121st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Ther 41:93-105. 2010
    ..These findings are discussed in the context of future research on the role of anger in PTSD...
  12. ncbi request reprint Gender as a moderator of the relation between PTSD and disgust: a laboratory test employing individualized script-driven imagery
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 23:1091-7. 2009
    ..Implications of these findings for conceptualizing how gender differences in emotional and physiological responding contribute to development and course of PTSD are discussed...
  13. ncbi request reprint Contamination fear and effects of disgust on distress in a public restroom
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Emotion 9:592-7. 2009
    ..e., touching the inside of the bathroom toilet) in the neutral condition. The implications of these findings for better understanding the functional role of disgust in contamination fear are discussed...
  14. ncbi request reprint Anxiety sensitivity and the anxiety disorders: a meta-analytic review and synthesis
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Bull 135:974-99. 2009
    ..Type of AS measure used also moderated some effects. Implications of these findings for the conceptualization of AS in anxiety-related disorders are discussed...
  15. doi request reprint Disgust vulnerability and symptoms of contamination-based OCD: descriptive tests of incremental specificity
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Ther 41:475-90. 2010
    ..Implications of these findings from nonclinical, analogue, and clinical samples for future research on the specificity of disgust-related vulnerabilities in the etiology of contamination concerns in OCD are discussed...
  16. ncbi request reprint Is hypochondriasis an anxiety disorder?
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Br J Psychiatry 194:481-2. 2009
    ..This observation has important implications for treatment and subsequent revisions of the diagnostic classification of hypochondriasis...
  17. doi request reprint Fear and disgust processing during repeated exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in spider phobia
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, United States
    Behav Res Ther 47:671-9. 2009
    ..Baseline trait disgust propensity also predicted fear and disgust parameters during repeated exposure. The implications of these findings for the role of disgust in the treatment of spider phobia are discussed...
  18. doi request reprint Development and initial validation of an abbreviated Spider Phobia Questionnaire using item response theory
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Ther 40:114-30. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that the SPQ-15 has considerable strengths, including decreased assessment and scoring time while retaining high reliability, validity, and sensitivity...
  19. doi request reprint Incremental specificity of disgust propensity and sensitivity in the prediction of health anxiety dimensions
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:230-9. 2009
    ..The clinical and research implications of these findings for conceptualizing disgust propensity and sensitivity as a vulnerability for excessive health anxiety are discussed...
  20. doi request reprint Anxiety sensitivity and CO2 challenge anxiety during recovery: differential correspondence of arousal and perceived control
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 23:420-8. 2009
    ..e., AS). Implications of these findings for disorders associated with elevated AS are discussed...
  21. doi request reprint Evaluative conditioning of fear and disgust in blood-injection-injury phobia: specificity and impact of individual differences in disgust sensitivity
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 23:153-9. 2009
    ..Heightened fear and disgust ratings were subsequently reduced by an extinction procedure. Implications of present findings in understanding the role of fear and disgust in BII phobia are discussed...
  22. doi request reprint Is disgust associated with psychopathology? Emerging research in the anxiety disorders
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychiatry Res 175:1-10. 2010
    ..This research has the potential to facilitate progress in developing an empirically informed psychobiological theory on the causal role of disgust in the anxiety disorders...
  23. doi request reprint Linking cognitive avoidance and GAD symptoms: The mediating role of fear of emotion
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Res Ther 48:435-41. 2010
    ..The implications of these findings for better understanding the etiology, maintenance, and treatment of GAD are discussed...
  24. doi request reprint Changes in disgust correspond with changes in symptoms of contamination-based OCD: a prospective examination of specificity
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 24:313-7. 2010
    ..The implications of these findings for further delineating the causal role of disgust-related vulnerabilities in contamination-based OCD are discussed...
  25. pmc A selective impairment in attentional disengagement from erotica in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Prog Neuropsychopharmacol Biol Psychiatry 35:1977-82. 2011
    ..Difficulty disengaging from erotic images was significantly correlated with OCD symptoms in the full sample but not with symptoms of trait anxiety. These data delineate a specific information processing abnormality in OCD...
  26. ncbi request reprint Disgust proneness and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in a clinical sample: structural differentiation from negative affect
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 25:932-8. 2011
    ..The implications of these findings for further delineating the role of individual differences in disgust proneness in the development of OCD are discussed...
  27. pmc Specificity of disgust vulnerability in the distinction and treatment of OCD
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 45:1236-42. 2011
    ..The implications of these findings for conceptualizing the role of disgust in the nature and treatment of OCD are discussed...
  28. doi request reprint The relative contributions of fear and disgust reductions to improvements in spider phobia following exposure-based treatment
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 42:117-21. 2011
    ..The implications of these findings for conceptualizing the role of fear and disgust emotions in the maintenance and treatment of spider phobia are discussed...
  29. doi request reprint Efficacy of cognitive behavioral therapy for anxiety disorders: a review of meta-analytic findings
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychiatr Clin North Am 33:557-77. 2010
    ..The implications of available meta-analytic findings in further delineating the efficacy and dissemination of CBT for anxiety disorders are discussed...
  30. ncbi request reprint A meta-analysis of the influence of comorbidity on treatment outcome in the anxiety disorders
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 30:642-54. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that while diagnostic comorbidity may not impact the effects of specific anxiety disorder treatments, it appears to differentially impact outcome for specific anxiety disorder diagnoses...
  31. doi request reprint A taxometric investigation of the latent structure of worry: dimensionality and associations with depression, anxiety, and stress
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN37203, USA
    Behav Ther 41:212-28. 2010
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to the conceptualization and assessment of worry in GAD and related disorders...
  32. doi request reprint Mediation of symptom changes during inpatient treatment for eating disorders: the role of obsessive-compulsive features
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Psychiatr Res 44:910-6. 2010
    ..The theoretical and treatment implications of these findings for conceptualizing the relationship between eating disorders and OCD are discussed...
  33. doi request reprint Vasovagal syncope and blood donor return: examination of the role of experience and affective expectancies
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Modif 34:164-74. 2010
    ....
  34. doi request reprint Factor structure and psychometric properties of the Injection Phobia Scale-Anxiety
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Assess 22:167-79. 2010
    ..However, future research examining the validity of a short form of the scale with only the Contact Fear items may further improve the efficiency and utility of the IPS-Anx...
  35. doi request reprint Differential habituation of fear and disgust during repeated exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in contamination-based OCD: an analogue study
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 23:118-23. 2009
    ..Theoretical and clinical implications of the present findings for the treatment of contamination concerns in obsessive-compulsive disorder are discussed...
  36. doi request reprint Latent structure of aversion: taxometric exploration
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 23:87-92. 2009
    ..Implications of these findings for the clinical assessment of aversion and its disorders are discussed...
  37. ncbi request reprint Structural differentiation of disgust from trait anxiety in the prediction of specific anxiety disorder symptoms
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Res Ther 45:3002-17. 2007
    ..The relevance of these findings for future research investigating the role of disgust in specific anxiety disorders is discussed...
  38. ncbi request reprint Implications of emotion regulation for the shift from normative fear-relevant learning to anxiety-related psychopathology
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Science, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Am Psychol 62:257-9; discussion 259-61. 2007
  39. ncbi request reprint Specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of fear and disgust responding to a brief spider exposure
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:328-36. 2008
    ..The implications of these findings for better understanding the complex role of fear and disgust as they related to disgust sensitivity in spider phobia are discussed...
  40. ncbi request reprint A comparative evaluation of panicogenic processes and quality of life in a sample of non-clinical panickers and age and sex matched non-panicking controls
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:175-86. 2008
    ..Results are considered within the context of biopsychosocial continuum models of panic attacks and panic disorder and future directions for research are suggested...
  41. ncbi request reprint Quality of life in the anxiety disorders: a meta-analytic review
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:572-81. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed in the context of future research on the assessment of quality of life in the anxiety disorders...
  42. doi request reprint The effects of safety behaviors on health anxiety: an experimental investigation
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Res Ther 49:719-28. 2011
    ..The implications of these findings for the conceptualization of hypochondriasis as an anxiety disorder are discussed...
  43. ncbi request reprint The structure of worry: relations between positive/negative personality characteristics and the Penn State Worry Questionnaire
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 21:540-53. 2007
    ..These findings support the use of the PSWQ in research examining the nature of worry and highlight how positive and negative characteristics may have unique relations with worry in the context of trait anxiety...
  44. ncbi request reprint Examination of the decline in symptoms of anxiety and depression in generalized anxiety disorder: impact of anxiety sensitivity on response to pharmacotherapy
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Depress Anxiety 25:167-71. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that the decline in anxiety symptoms is independent of the decline in symptoms of depression during pharmacotherapy for GAD and specific AS dimensions may predict symptom change in GAD...
  45. ncbi request reprint Scrupulosity and obsessive-compulsive symptoms: confirmatory factor analysis and validity of the Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 21:771-87. 2007
    ..These findings are interpreted in the context of future research elucidating the relationship between scrupulosity and obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions...
  46. ncbi request reprint The Disgust Propensity and Sensitivity Scale-Revised: psychometric properties and specificity in relation to anxiety disorder symptoms
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 21:918-30. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed in terms of promoting a more valid and reliable assessment of disgust in anxiety disorders...
  47. ncbi request reprint Behavioral avoidance and self-reported fainting symptoms in blood/injury fearful individuals: an experimental test of disgust domain specificity
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:837-48. 2008
    ..Implications of the domain specificity of disgust and its relevance for understanding fainting responses in BI phobia are discussed...
  48. ncbi request reprint A taxometric study of the latent structure of disgust sensitivity: converging evidence for dimensionality
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Assess 19:437-48. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed in relation to the conceptualization and assessment of disgust sensitivity as a specific dimensional vulnerability for certain anxiety and related disorders...
  49. ncbi request reprint Body vigilance in nonclinical and anxiety disorder samples: structure, correlates, and prediction of health concerns
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37023, USA
    Behav Ther 38:392-401. 2007
    ..The implications of our findings for the nature and measurement of body vigilance as a predictor of health concerns in anxiety disorders are considered...
  50. ncbi request reprint Information processing biases in spider phobia: application of the Stroop and "White Noise" Paradigm
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 39:187-200. 2008
    ..No evidence was found for an implicit memory bias in spider phobics. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of information processing biases in spider phobia...
  51. ncbi request reprint The Disgust Scale: item analysis, factor structure, and suggestions for refinement
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Assess 19:281-97. 2007
    ..These findings are discussed in the context of the refinement of the DS to promote a more psychometrically sound assessment of disgust sensitivity...
  52. ncbi request reprint Evaluative differential conditioning of disgust: a sticky form of relational learning that is resistant to extinction
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 21:820-34. 2007
    ..The implications of these findings for the modifiability of disgust-based evaluative responses in specific anxiety disorders will be discussed...
  53. ncbi request reprint The latent structure of obsessive-compulsive symptoms: a taxometric study
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Depress Anxiety 25:956-68. 2008
    ..The implications of these findings for the clinical assessment and diagnosis of OC symptoms and obsessive-compulsive disorder are discussed...
  54. pmc Orienting and maintenance of gaze in contamination fear: Biases for disgust and fear cues
    Thomas Armstrong
    Vanderbilt University, Department of Psychology, Nashville, TN 37240, United States
    Behav Res Ther 48:402-8. 2010
    ..The implications of these findings for conceptualizing emotional factors that moderate attentional biases in contamination-based OCD are discussed...
  55. ncbi request reprint Incremental specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of obsessive-compulsive disorder symptoms: Cross-sectional and prospective approaches
    Bieke David
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, United States
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 40:533-43. 2009
    ..However, exploratory analyses suggest that DS may be predictive of residual change in some OCD symptom subtypes but not others. Implications of these findings for future research on the role of disgust in OCD are discussed...
  56. ncbi request reprint Using facial expressions as CSs and fearsome and disgusting pictures as UCSs: affective responding and evaluative learning of fear and disgust in blood-injection-injury phobia
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 19:539-55. 2005
    ..The role of EC processes and a priori expectancy biases in the associative learning of disgust in BII phobia is discussed...
  57. ncbi request reprint The Anxiety Sensitivity Profile revisited: factor structure and psychometric properties in two nonclinical samples
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 19:603-25. 2005
    ..Correlations between the ASP factors and related variables were consistent with AS theory. The strengths and limitations of the ASP are offered as well as the implications of our findings for the nature and assessment of AS...
  58. doi request reprint Making something out of nothing: neutral content modulates attention in generalized anxiety disorder
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Depress Anxiety 28:427-34. 2011
    ..This study examines whether exposure to different emotional content modulates attention disengagement and impairs the perception of subsequently presented nonemotional targets in GAD...
  59. ncbi request reprint Multimodal assessment of disgust in contamination-related obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Behav Res Ther 45:263-76. 2007
    ..The results are consistent with a disgust-based, disease-avoidance approach in understanding contamination-related OCD themes...
  60. ncbi request reprint Disgust, anxiety and fainting symptoms associated with blood-injection-injury fears: a structural model
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 20:23-41. 2006
    ..Implications of these findings for better understanding the interaction of the emotional mechanisms that mediate fainting responses in BII phobia are discussed...
  61. ncbi request reprint Examination of the decline in fear and disgust during exposure to threat-relevant stimuli in blood-injection-injury phobia
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 21:445-55. 2007
    ..However, levels of BII-specific disgust sensitivity were independently negatively associated with fear decline. Theoretical and clinical implications of the findings are discussed...
  62. doi request reprint Categorical or dimensional: a reanalysis of the anxiety sensitivity construct
    Joshua J Broman-Fulks
    Department of Psychology, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
    Behav Ther 41:154-71. 2010
    ..The implications of these results for anxiety sensitivity research are discussed, and several potential directions for future research are considered...
  63. ncbi request reprint Health anxiety, hypochondriasis, and the anxiety disorders
    Jonathan S Abramowitz
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 27599, USA
    Behav Ther 38:86-94. 2007
    ..Findings are discussed in terms of cognitive-behavioral models of anxiety disorders...
  64. ncbi request reprint A functional analysis of danger and safety signals in anxiety disorders
    Jeffrey M Lohr
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, Arkansas 72701, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 27:114-26. 2007
    ..The potential advantages of cognitive-behavioral interventions that maximize treatment-specific self-control of signal functions are discussed...
  65. ncbi request reprint The structure of disgust: domain specificity in relation to contamination ideation and excessive washing
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Behav Res Ther 43:1069-86. 2005
    ..The relevance of these findings in the context of future research investigating the role of disgust in specific anxiety disorders is discussed...
  66. ncbi request reprint Specificity of disgust sensitivity in the prediction of behavioral avoidance in contamination fear
    Brett Deacon
    University of Wyoming, Department of Psychology, Department 3415, 1000 E University Avenue, Laramie, WY 82071, USA
    Behav Res Ther 45:2110-20. 2007
    ..The findings are discussed in the context of a disease-avoidance model...
  67. pmc Eye tracking of attention in the affective disorders: a meta-analytic review and synthesis
    Thomas Armstrong
    Vanderbilt University, TN, USA
    Clin Psychol Rev 32:704-23. 2012
    ..Implications of these findings for theoretical accounts of attentional bias in anxiety and depression are discussed, and avenues for future research using eye-tracking technology are outlined...
  68. doi request reprint The moderating effects of contamination sensitivity on state affect and information processing: examination of disgust specificity
    Thomas Armstrong
    Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Cogn Emot 26:136-43. 2012
    ..Implications of these findings for conceptualising the role of contamination sensitivity and its association with disgust in specific disorders are discussed...
  69. doi request reprint Disgust, anxiety, and vasovagal syncope sensations: a comparison of injection-fearful and nonfearful blood donors
    Megan A Viar
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 312 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 24:941-5. 2010
    ..Implications of these findings for conceptualizing the disgust-faint relationship in BII phobia are discussed...
  70. doi request reprint Emotional expressions and visual search efficiency: specificity and effects of anxiety symptoms
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Emotion 11:1073-9. 2011
    ..The experimental and clinical implications of these findings are discussed...
  71. pmc Emotion modulation of visual attention: categorical and temporal characteristics
    Bethany G Ciesielski
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e13860. 2010
    ..Experimental research has shown that emotional stimuli can either enhance or impair attentional performance. However, the relative effects of specific emotional stimuli and the specific time course of these differential effects are unclear...
  72. pmc Unique affective and cognitive processes in contamination appraisals: Implications for contamination fear
    Josh M Cisler
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 25:28-35. 2011
    ....
  73. ncbi request reprint Disgust domains in the prediction of contamination fear
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Behav Res Ther 42:93-104. 2004
    ..Clinical and research implications regarding the interrelationships between fear, disgust, and the fear of contamination are discussed...
  74. doi request reprint Assessment of obsessive-compulsive symptom dimensions: development and evaluation of the Dimensional Obsessive-Compulsive Scale
    Jonathan S Abramowitz
    Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA
    Psychol Assess 22:180-98. 2010
    ..Scores on the DOCS displayed good performance on indices of reliability and validity, as well as sensitivity to treatment and diagnostic sensitivity, and hold promise as a measure of OC symptoms in clinical and research settings...
  75. doi request reprint Psychometric properties of the Affect Intensity and Reactivity Measure adapted for Youth (AIR-Y)
    Rachel E Jones
    University of Arkansas, Department of Psychology, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    Psychol Assess 21:162-75. 2009
    ..Evidence for the clinical relevance of the AIR-Y, particularly the Negative Intensity factor, was found. Overall, the AIR-Y appears to be a psychometrically sound measure for the assessment of affect intensity among youths...
  76. pmc Attentional control in OCD and GAD: specificity and associations with core cognitive symptoms
    Thomas Armstrong
    Vanderbilt University, Department of Psychology, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37240, United States
    Behav Res Ther 49:756-62. 2011
    ..Implications of these findings for conceptualizing the role of attentional control in the genesis of excessive cognitions in OCD and GAD are discussed...
  77. ncbi request reprint Experimental analysis of specific treatment factors: efficacy and practice implications
    Jeffrey M Lohr
    Department of Psychology, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR 72701, USA
    J Clin Psychol 61:819-34. 2005
    ..The empirical and professional implications of specific treatment efficacy in evidence-based practice are discussed...
  78. ncbi request reprint Review of treatment studies of depression in HIV
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    Top HIV Med 14:112-24. 2006
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint The longitudinal structure of general and specific anxiety dimensions in children: testing a latent trait-state-occasion model
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Assess 21:412-24. 2009
    ..Structural findings were consistent across gender and race; however, mean differences in gender and race emerged for general anxiety and its 3 dimensions...
  80. ncbi request reprint Specificity of emotional maintenance processes among contamination fears and blood-injection-injury fears
    Josh M Cisler
    Psychology Department, University of Arkansas, AR 72701, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 22:915-23. 2008
    ..The results suggest that fear of responding with disgust is a unique maintenance process specific to contamination fears. Theoretical and clinical implications for both contamination and BII fears are discussed...
  81. ncbi request reprint Disgust and psychiatric illness: have we remembered?
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Br J Psychiatry 190:457-9. 2007
    ..It has been argued that disgust has been forgotten by psychiatry. An overview of recent research on disgust is provided. Findings suggest that disgust is a predictor of the development of specific psychiatric conditions...
  82. ncbi request reprint Evaluative learning and emotional responding to fearful and disgusting stimuli in spider phobia
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, 15 Parkman Street, ACC 812, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 20:858-76. 2006
    ..These findings support the notion that the disgust response in spider phobia is independent of fear to the extent that it is specifically bound to spiders...
  83. ncbi request reprint The structural relation between disgust sensitivity and blood-injection-injury fears: a cross-cultural comparison of US and Dutch data
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, 15 Parkman Street, ACC 812, Boston, 02114, USA
    J Behav Ther Exp Psychiatry 37:16-29. 2006
    ..The clinical and research implications regarding the relationships between disgust and BII fears across cultures are discussed...
  84. ncbi request reprint The latent structure of anxiety sensitivity--revisited
    Joshua J Broman-Fulks
    Appalachian State University, Boone, NC 28608, USA
    Assessment 15:188-203. 2008
    ..Several potential explanations for the discrepancy between these findings and those of previous research are discussed, as well as the implications of these findings for the conceptualization and measurement of anxiety sensitivity...
  85. ncbi request reprint Dimensionality of somatic complaints: factor structure and psychometric properties of the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale
    Bunmi O Olatunji
    Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital Harvard Medical School, 15 Parkman Street, ACC 812, Boston, MA 02114, USA
    J Anxiety Disord 20:543-61. 2006
    ..The strengths and limitations of the SAS are offered as well as the implications of our findings for the nature and assessment of somatic complaints in anxiety disorders...
  86. ncbi request reprint Interpretation biases in victims and non-victims of interpersonal trauma and their relation to symptom development
    Lisa S Elwood
    University of Arkansas, 216 Memorial Hall, Fayetteville, AR 72701, United States
    J Anxiety Disord 21:554-67. 2007
    ..In addition, trauma status interacted with the perceived increase in risk of positive situations to predict PTSD symptoms. The implications of these findings for theories of PTSD are discussed...

Research Grants2

  1. Emotional Mechanisms /Blood-Injection-Injury Phobia
    Olubunmi Olatunji; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..This research will provide an important contribution to the understanding of the emotions that mediate BII phobia, thus potentially providing a foundation for incorporating effective treatment strategies. ..