C G Grijalva

Summary

Affiliation: Vanderbilt University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Reduction of frequent otitis media and pressure-equalizing tube insertions in children after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Katherine A Poehling
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Pediatrics 119:707-15. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: the study of respiratory pathogens in andean children
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Departments of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville TN, USA, Pediatrics Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville TN, USA, Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville TN, USA, Instituto de Investigacion Nutricional, Lima, Peru, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland and Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 43:1021-30. 2014
  3. pmc Concordance between RT-PCR-based detection of respiratory viruses from nasal swabs collected for viral testing and nasopharyngeal swabs collected for bacterial testing
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Health Policy, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, United States Electronic address
    J Clin Virol 60:309-12. 2014
  4. pmc Impact of home environment interventions on the risk of influenza-associated ARI in Andean children: observations from a prospective household-based cohort study
    Philip J Budge
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e91247. 2014
  5. pmc CRP polymorphisms and chronic kidney disease in the third national health and nutrition examination survey
    Adriana M Hung
    Veterans Administration Tennessee Valley Healthcare System Nashville, TN, USA
    BMC Med Genet 12:65. 2011
  6. doi request reprint Recognising pneumonia burden through prevention
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Vaccine 27:C6-8. 2009
  7. doi request reprint Antibiotic prescription rates for acute respiratory tract infections in US ambulatory settings
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Ave, Ste 2600, The Village at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, USA
    JAMA 302:758-66. 2009
  8. pmc Initiation of rheumatoid arthritis treatments and the risk of serious infections
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Avenue Suite 2600, The Village at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 49:82-90. 2010
  9. doi request reprint Increasing incidence of empyema complicating childhood community-acquired pneumonia in the United States
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:805-13. 2010
  10. pmc Adherence to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and the effects of exposure misclassification on the risk of hospital admission
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 2637, USA
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 62:730-4. 2010

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications31

  1. ncbi request reprint Reduction of frequent otitis media and pressure-equalizing tube insertions in children after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
    Katherine A Poehling
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Pediatrics 119:707-15. 2007
    ..In this study we estimated the effect of routine childhood immunization with heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on frequent otitis media (3 episodes in 6 months or 4 episodes in 1 year) and pressure-equalizing tube insertions...
  2. ncbi request reprint Cohort profile: the study of respiratory pathogens in andean children
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Departments of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville TN, USA, Pediatrics Division of Infectious Diseases, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville TN, USA, Pathology, Microbiology and Immunology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville TN, USA, Instituto de Investigacion Nutricional, Lima, Peru, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland and Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta GA, USA
    Int J Epidemiol 43:1021-30. 2014
    ..Investigators interested in more details about this study or in accessing these resources should contact Dr. Carlos G. Grijalva at Vanderbilt University (carlos.grijalva@vanderbilt.edu). ..
  3. pmc Concordance between RT-PCR-based detection of respiratory viruses from nasal swabs collected for viral testing and nasopharyngeal swabs collected for bacterial testing
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Health Policy, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, United States Electronic address
    J Clin Virol 60:309-12. 2014
    ..Epidemiologic studies of respiratory infections frequently rely on separate sample collections for the detection of bacteria and viruses. The requirement for two specimens presents cost, logistical, and acceptability challenges...
  4. pmc Impact of home environment interventions on the risk of influenza-associated ARI in Andean children: observations from a prospective household-based cohort study
    Philip J Budge
    Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Internal Medicine, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 9:e91247. 2014
    ..We quantified the burden of influenza-associated acute respiratory illness (ARI) in this household-based cohort...
  5. pmc CRP polymorphisms and chronic kidney disease in the third national health and nutrition examination survey
    Adriana M Hung
    Veterans Administration Tennessee Valley Healthcare System Nashville, TN, USA
    BMC Med Genet 12:65. 2011
    ..We recently reported an association between the gene variant rs2808630 and CKD progression in African Americans with hypertensive kidney disease. This association has not been studied in other ethnic groups...
  6. doi request reprint Recognising pneumonia burden through prevention
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Vaccine 27:C6-8. 2009
    ..In this age group, there was a 39% and 65% reduction in rates of all-cause and pneumococcal pneumonia hospitalisations, respectively, indicating a direct effect of routine immunisation with PCV7...
  7. doi request reprint Antibiotic prescription rates for acute respiratory tract infections in US ambulatory settings
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Ave, Ste 2600, The Village at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, USA
    JAMA 302:758-66. 2009
    ..During the 1990s, antibiotic prescriptions for acute respiratory tract infection (ARTI) decreased in the United States. The sustainability of those changes is unknown...
  8. pmc Initiation of rheumatoid arthritis treatments and the risk of serious infections
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Center for Education and Research on Therapeutics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Avenue Suite 2600, The Village at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 49:82-90. 2010
    ..Our objective was to compare serious infections following initiation of different RA regimens. Prior comparative studies of DMARD initiation have yielded conflicting results...
  9. doi request reprint Increasing incidence of empyema complicating childhood community-acquired pneumonia in the United States
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 50:805-13. 2010
    ..We assessed whether early decreases in pneumonia hospitalization rates were sustained and trends in such hospitalizations complicated by empyema in United States children aged <5 years...
  10. pmc Adherence to disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs and the effects of exposure misclassification on the risk of hospital admission
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37232 2637, USA
    Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) 62:730-4. 2010
    ..To describe the effect of different exposure classification strategies for disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) on drug-outcome associations...
  11. doi request reprint Establishing the baseline burden of influenza in preparation for the evaluation of a countywide school-based influenza vaccination campaign
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, United States
    Vaccine 29:123-9. 2010
    ..Assessment of campaign effects requires identification of appropriate control populations. We hypothesized that contiguous counties would share similar pre-campaign patterns of influenza activity...
  12. pmc The population impact of a large school-based influenza vaccination campaign
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, United States of America
    PLoS ONE 5:e15097. 2010
    ..We sought to determine the population impact of this campaign...
  13. doi request reprint Emergence of parapneumonic empyema in the USA
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine 1500 21st Avenue Suite 2600, The Village at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, USA
    Thorax 66:663-8. 2011
    ..National trends in the incidence of parapneumonic empyema hospitalisations and changes in empyema by associated pathogens were examined...
  14. pmc Initiation of tumor necrosis factor-α antagonists and the risk of hospitalization for infection in patients with autoimmune diseases
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Ave S, Ste 2600, The Village at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    JAMA 306:2331-9. 2011
    ..Although tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α antagonists are increasingly used in place of nonbiologic comparator medications, their safety profile remains incomplete...
  15. doi request reprint Evidence of effectiveness from a large county-wide school-based influenza immunization campaign
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Avenue Suite 2600, The Village at Vanderbilt, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, United States
    Vaccine 27:2633-6. 2009
    ..79; 95% CI, 0.59-1.05) and 27% (RR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.60-0.87) during the first and second campaign season, respectively. These findings suggest a direct beneficial effect of the immunization campaign...
  16. ncbi request reprint Computerized definitions showed high positive predictive values for identifying hospitalizations for congestive heart failure and selected infections in Medicaid enrollees with rheumatoid arthritis
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 17:890-5. 2008
    ..However, information on their accuracy is limited. We evaluated the ability of computerized definitions to identify these conditions as the reason for admission among patients diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis (RA)...
  17. ncbi request reprint Changing patterns of medication use in patients with rheumatoid arthritis in a Medicaid population
    C G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Avenue, 2600 VAV, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Rheumatology (Oxford) 47:1061-4. 2008
    ..To examine changes in patterns of medication utilization in patients with RA...
  18. doi request reprint Population-based impact of routine infant immunization with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the USA
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 1500 21st Ave S The Village at Vanderbilt Suite 2650, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Expert Rev Vaccines 7:83-95. 2008
    ..This article aims to summarize current evidence on the population-based impact of this infant immunization program in the USA...
  19. ncbi request reprint Assessment of adherence to and persistence on disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Med Care 45:S66-76. 2007
    ..However, measurements of relative effectiveness, including treatment adherence and persistence, are lacking. We evaluated adherence and persistence during new episodes of use of traditional and biologic DMARDs...
  20. pmc Trends in antibiotic prescribing for adults in the United States--1995 to 2002
    Christianne L Roumie
    VA Tennessee Valley Healthcare System, Tennessee Valley Geriatric Research Education Clinical Center, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 20:697-702. 2005
    ..The impact of national efforts to limit antibiotic prescribing has not been fully evaluated...
  21. ncbi request reprint National impact of universal childhood immunization with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on outpatient medical care visits in the United States
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Division of Pharmacoepidemiology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, USA
    Pediatrics 118:865-73. 2006
    ..However, the national impact of heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on pneumonia and otitis media remains unknown...
  22. doi request reprint The effect of incident antidiabetic regimens on lipid profiles in veterans with type 2 diabetes: a retrospective cohort
    Christianne L Roumie
    VA Tennessee Valley Geriatric Research Education Clinical Center, HSR and D Targeted Research Enhancement Program for Patient Healthcare Behavior, Clinical Research Center of Excellence, Nashville, TN, USA
    Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf 20:36-44. 2011
    ..Effects of oral antidiabetic drugs (OADs) on lipids may influence cardiovascular outcomes. Our aim was to compare time to initiation of lipid lowering medication (LLM) and 12-month lipid profiles among new OAD users...
  23. ncbi request reprint Decline in pneumonia admissions after routine childhood immunisation with pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the USA: a time-series analysis
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN 37212, USA
    Lancet 369:1179-86. 2007
    ..We therefore assessed the effect of the programme on rates of all-cause and pneumococcal pneumonia admissions...
  24. ncbi request reprint Changing epidemiology of pneumococcal meningitis after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine in the United States
    Chiaojung Jillian Tsai
    Department of Preventive Medicine, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, Tennessee 37212, USA
    Clin Infect Dis 46:1664-72. 2008
    ....
  25. pmc Early discontinuation of treatment in patients with orthostatic hypotension
    C Shibao
    Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Nashville, TN, United States Electronic address
    Auton Neurosci 177:291-6. 2013
    ..Midodrine and fludrocortisone are considered the first-line pharmacologic treatments for orthostatic hypotension (OH). Although OH is thought to require long-term therapy, it is unknown how long patients remain on treatment ("persistence")...
  26. ncbi request reprint The underrecognized burden of influenza in young children
    Katherine A Poehling
    Department of Pediatrics, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, USA
    N Engl J Med 355:31-40. 2006
    ..The disease burden of influenza infection among children is not well established. We conducted a population-based surveillance of medical visits associated with laboratory-confirmed influenza...
  27. doi request reprint Comparisons of persistence and durability among three oral antidiabetic therapies using electronic prescription-fill data: the impact of adherence requirements and stockpiling
    R A Greevy
    VA Tennessee Valley Geriatric Research Education Clinical Center, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Clin Pharmacol Ther 90:813-9. 2011
    ..05, P = 0.046). All the drug comparisons showed statistically significant effects in both directions, the risk of nonpersistence increasing or decreasing depending on the design parameters...
  28. ncbi request reprint Accuracy and interpretation of rapid influenza tests in children
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Preventive Medicine Department, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN 37232 2637, USA
    Pediatrics 119:e6-11. 2007
    ..Although the interpretation of test results depends on test characteristics and influenza prevalence, this information is limited in routine clinical practice...
  29. ncbi request reprint Orthostatic hypotension-related hospitalizations in the United States
    Cyndya Shibao
    Department of Medicine, Division of Clinical Pharmacology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tenn 37212, USA
    Am J Med 120:975-80. 2007
    ..Nevertheless, the precise burden of this condition in the US is currently unknown...
  30. ncbi request reprint Promises and challenges of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for the developing world
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Clin Infect Dis 43:680-2. 2006
  31. pmc Estimating influenza hospitalizations among children
    Carlos G Grijalva
    Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Nashville, Tennessee 37232 2637, USA
    Emerg Infect Dis 12:103-9. 2006
    ....

Research Grants2

  1. The impact of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccine on pneumonia hospitalizations
    CARLOS GRIJALVA; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The potential of large databases for research is commonly underappreciated. We propose the use of NIS and SID for the evaluation of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccination program, using an innovative approach. ..