I Gauthier

Summary

Affiliation: Vanderbilt University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Should we reject the expertise hypothesis?
    Isabel Gauthier
    Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Cognition 103:322-30. 2007
  2. ncbi request reprint Perceptual interference supports a non-modular account of face processing
    Isabel Gauthier
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Neurosci 6:428-32. 2003
  3. ncbi request reprint Are Greebles like faces? Using the neuropsychological exception to test the rule
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1961-70. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint Unraveling mechanisms for expert object recognition: bridging brain activity and behavior
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:431-46. 2002
  5. pmc Face composite effects reveal abnormal face processing in Autism spectrum disorders
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, United States
    Vision Res 49:470-8. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint BOLD activity during mental rotation and viewpoint-dependent object recognition
    Isabel Gauthier
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 502 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 34:161-71. 2002
  7. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in FFA activity suggest independent processing at different spatial scales
    Isabel Gauthier
    Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:222-34. 2005
  8. ncbi request reprint The development of face expertise
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 11:219-24. 2001
  9. ncbi request reprint The fusiform "face area" is part of a network that processes faces at the individual level
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:495-504. 2000
  10. ncbi request reprint Expertise for cars and birds recruits brain areas involved in face recognition
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:191-7. 2000

Research Grants

  1. THE ROLE OF VISUAL EXPERTISE IN LETTER PERCEPTION
    Isabel Gauthier; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. The Role of Expertise in Object Perception
    Isabel Gauthier; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications55

  1. ncbi request reprint Should we reject the expertise hypothesis?
    Isabel Gauthier
    Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Cognition 103:322-30. 2007
    ....
  2. ncbi request reprint Perceptual interference supports a non-modular account of face processing
    Isabel Gauthier
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Neurosci 6:428-32. 2003
    ..Event-related potentials (ERPs) suggest that this interference arose from perceptual processes contributing to the holistic processing of both objects of expertise and faces...
  3. ncbi request reprint Are Greebles like faces? Using the neuropsychological exception to test the rule
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuropsychologia 42:1961-70. 2004
    ..These results suggest that insofar as CK is relying on face-specific visual processes, these processes do not a priori treat Greebles as faces...
  4. ncbi request reprint Unraveling mechanisms for expert object recognition: bridging brain activity and behavior
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 28:431-46. 2002
    ..Moreover, a holistic-inclusive effect was correlated with changes in the right FFA. Face recognition may not be unique in its reliance on holistic processing, measured in terms of both behavior and brain activation...
  5. pmc Face composite effects reveal abnormal face processing in Autism spectrum disorders
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, United States
    Vision Res 49:470-8. 2009
    ..Two different interpretations are discussed, both compatible with the idea that perceptual and or attentional abnormalities in ASDs result in a diminished level of expertise for faces...
  6. ncbi request reprint BOLD activity during mental rotation and viewpoint-dependent object recognition
    Isabel Gauthier
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 502 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 34:161-71. 2002
    ..Such findings call into question the hypothesis that mental rotation is used to compensate for changes in viewpoint during object recognition...
  7. ncbi request reprint Individual differences in FFA activity suggest independent processing at different spatial scales
    Isabel Gauthier
    Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:222-34. 2005
    ..These results suggest that spatial scales are not integrated before the FFA and that processing in this area could support the flexible use of different sources of information present in broad-pass images...
  8. ncbi request reprint The development of face expertise
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Curr Opin Neurobiol 11:219-24. 2001
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint The fusiform "face area" is part of a network that processes faces at the individual level
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 12:495-504. 2000
    ....
  10. ncbi request reprint Expertise for cars and birds recruits brain areas involved in face recognition
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, Tennessee 37240, USA
    Nat Neurosci 3:191-7. 2000
    ..The results suggest that level of categorization and expertise, rather than superficial properties of objects, determine the specialization of the FFA...
  11. ncbi request reprint Font tuning associated with expertise in letter perception
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Perception 35:541-59. 2006
    ..These findings reveal that letters are not processed visually in the same manner as shapes, and suggest an explanation for the cortical specialization obtained in the visual system for letters...
  12. doi request reprint Holistic processing of faces: perceptual and decisional components
    Jennifer J Richler
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:328-42. 2008
    ..This finding suggests a significant decisional component of holistic face processing in the composite face task...
  13. ncbi request reprint Levels of categorization in visual recognition studied using functional magnetic resonance imaging
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, PO Box 208205, New Haven, Connecticut 06520 8205, USA
    Curr Biol 7:645-51. 1997
    ..We have used echo-planar functional magnetic resonance imaging to compare brain activation for the matching of non-face objects with subordinate-level and basic-level descriptors...
  14. ncbi request reprint Object detection and basic-level categorization: sometimes you know it is there before you know what it is
    Michael L Mack
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:28-35. 2008
    ..The time course of object detection and object categorization can be selectively manipulated. They are not intrinsically linked. As soon as you know an object is there, you do not necessarily know what it is...
  15. ncbi request reprint Can face recognition really be dissociated from object recognition?
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, P O Box 208205, New Haven, CT 06520 8205, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 11:349-70. 1999
    ..This result raises questions regarding neuropsychological evidence for the modularity of face recognition, as well as its theoretical and methodological foundations...
  16. doi request reprint The temporal advantage for individuating objects of expertise: perceptual expertise is an early riser
    Kim M Curby
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA
    J Vis 9:7.1-13. 2009
    ....
  17. ncbi request reprint Letter processing in the visual system: different activation patterns for single letters and strings
    Karin H James
    Psychology Department, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:452-66. 2005
    ..An important conclusion is that the processing of nonpronounceable letter strings cannot be assumed to be equivalent to single-letter perception...
  18. ncbi request reprint Behavioral change and its neural correlates in visual agnosia after expertise training
    Marlene Behrmann
    Department of Psychology, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA 15213 3890, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 17:554-68. 2005
    ..The findings indicate potential for experience-dependent dynamic reorganization in agnosia with the possibility that residual neural tissue, with limited capacity, will compete for representations...
  19. doi request reprint Time course of visual object categorization: fastest does not necessarily mean first
    Michael L Mack
    Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, PMB 407817, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Nashville, TN 37240 7817, USA
    Vision Res 49:1961-8. 2009
    ..If a basic-level stage preceded a subordinate-level stage, we should have observed a difference in onset. We conclude that fastest does not necessarily mean first in perceptual categorization...
  20. ncbi request reprint Training 'greeble' experts: a framework for studying expert object recognition processes
    I Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520, USA
    Vision Res 38:2401-28. 1998
    ..Greeble recognition by a simple neural-network model is also evaluated, and the model is found to account surprisingly well for both generalization and individuation using a single set of processes and representations...
  21. doi request reprint Why does selective attention to parts fail in face processing?
    Jennifer J Richler
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 34:1356-68. 2008
    ..Together, these results cannot be accounted for by current perceptual or decisional accounts of holistic processing and suggest the existence of an attention-dependent mechanism that can integrate spatially separated face parts...
  22. pmc Holistic processing of faces happens at a glance
    Jennifer J Richler
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111, 21st Avenue South, Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Vision Res 49:2856-61. 2009
    ....
  23. pmc Irrelevant objects of expertise compete with faces during visual search
    Rankin W McGugin
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Atten Percept Psychophys 73:309-17. 2011
    ..Objects of expertise interfere with face perception even when they are task irrelevant, visually distinct, and separated in space from faces...
  24. doi request reprint Revisiting the role of spatial frequencies in the holistic processing of faces
    Olivia S Cheung
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 34:1327-36. 2008
    ..These results demonstrate that it is necessary to use measures that take response biases into account in order to fully understand the holistic nature of face processing...
  25. ncbi request reprint Does Thompson's Thatcher Effect reflect a face-specific mechanism?
    Yetta K Wong
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Perception 39:1125-41. 2010
    ..We did not observe evidence for a unique mechanism contributing to the TE for faces. We discuss factors that influence the magnitude of the TE, some common across domains and others more specific to a particular category...
  26. pmc Does response interference contribute to face composite effects?
    Jennifer J Richler
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 16:258-63. 2009
    ..Interference was eliminated when composite halves were misaligned. These results suggest that, unlike Stroop effects, composite effects are not due to response interference...
  27. pmc Perceptual expertise with objects predicts another hallmark of face perception
    Rankin Williams McGugin
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Vis 10:15.1-12. 2010
    ..We argue that the bar needs to be raised for what constitutes proper evidence that face perception is special in a manner that is not related to our expertise in this domain...
  28. doi request reprint A multimodal neural network recruited by expertise with musical notation
    Yetta Kwailing Wong
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240 7817, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:695-713. 2010
    ..Implications of the current findings to the study of visual perceptual expertise, music reading, and musical expertise are discussed...
  29. doi request reprint Selective interference on the holistic processing of faces in working memory
    Olivia S Cheung
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 36:448-61. 2010
    ..Thus, the interference on holistic face processing in working memory does not depend on overlap in expertise or face processing, but may be modulated by limitations in encoding or maintenance of highly similar representations...
  30. doi request reprint Dissociating the effects of angular disparity and image similarity in mental rotation and object recognition
    Olivia S Cheung
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, PMB 407817, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Nashville, TN 37240 7817, USA
    Cognition 113:128-33. 2009
    ..Our results suggest that mental rotation involves mental transformation procedures that depend on angular disparity, but that object recognition is predominately dependent on the similarity of image features...
  31. pmc Sensitivity to spatial frequency and orientation content is not specific to face perception
    N Rankin Williams
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Vision Res 49:2353-62. 2009
    ..Accordingly, face perception does not appear to be uniquely affected by changes in spatial filter components...
  32. ncbi request reprint Laterality effects in the recognition of depth-rotated novel objects
    Kim M Curby
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 4:100-11. 2004
    ..The results suggest that hemispheric differences in VD performance may be partially attributable to an LH advantage for semantic processing...
  33. ncbi request reprint Visual object understanding
    Thomas J Palmeri
    Department of Psychology, Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 5:291-303. 2004
  34. ncbi request reprint Brain areas engaged during visual judgments by involuntary access to novel semantic information
    Thomas W James
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Ave S, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Vision Res 44:429-39. 2004
    ..The brain regions involved have been implicated in semantic processing, thus recently acquired semantics activate a similar network to semantics learned over a lifetime...
  35. ncbi request reprint Repetition-induced changes in BOLD response reflect accumulation of neural activity
    Thomas W James
    Psychology Department, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405, USA
    Hum Brain Mapp 27:37-46. 2006
    ..Enhanced activation and the improved behavioral performance usually associated with priming are both explained by a shift in peak latency of the population neural activity elicited during identification...
  36. ncbi request reprint Auditory and action semantic features activate sensory-specific perceptual brain regions
    Thomas W James
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Curr Biol 13:1792-6. 2003
    ..g., hops). These findings support the theory that knowledge is grounded in perception...
  37. ncbi request reprint An early electrophysiological response associated with expertise in letter perception
    Alan C N Wong
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 5:306-18. 2005
    ..For the non-Chinese readers, the N170 amplitude was larger for Roman letters relative to Chinese characters and pseudofonts. Our results suggest that changes in relatively early visual processes underlie expert letter perception...
  38. ncbi request reprint Perceptual expertise effects are not all or none: spatially limited perceptual expertise for faces in a case of prosopagnosia
    Cindy M Bukach
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 18:48-63. 2006
    ..amp; Tarr, M. J. Unraveling mechanisms for expert object recognition: Bridging brain activity and behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception & Performance, 28, 431-446, 2002]...
  39. ncbi request reprint Beyond faces and modularity: the power of an expertise framework
    Cindy M Bukach
    Department of Psychology, Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:159-66. 2006
    ..As such the expertise framework provides a unique window onto the functional plasticity of the mind and brain...
  40. ncbi request reprint Visual neurons: categorization-based selectivity
    Isabel Gauthier
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 37203, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Curr Biol 12:R282-4. 2002
    ..A computational framework that can account for object categorization and identification has gained empirical support from recent studies of monkey behavior and neurophysiology...
  41. pmc Context influences holistic processing of nonface objects in the composite task
    Jennifer J Richler
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Atten Percept Psychophys 71:530-40. 2009
    ..Thus, congruency effects can be induced by context that operates at the scale of the entire experiment or within a single trial. Implications for using the composite task to measure holistic processing are discussed...
  42. ncbi request reprint Computational approaches to the development of perceptual expertise
    Thomas J Palmeri
    Department of Psychology and Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 8:378-86. 2004
    ....
  43. doi request reprint Inverted faces are (eventually) processed holistically
    Jennifer J Richler
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37240, United States
    Vision Res 51:333-42. 2011
    ..These results suggest that both upright and inverted faces are processed holistically, but inversion reduces overall processing efficiency...
  44. pmc Race-specific perceptual discrimination improvement following short individuation training with faces
    Rankin W McGugin
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, PMB 407817, 2301 Vanderbilt Place, Nashville, TN 37240 7817, USA
    Cogn Sci 35:330-47. 2011
    ..These results indicate that individuation practice is one mechanism through which cognitive, perceptual, and/or social processes promote growth of the own-race face recognition advantage...
  45. ncbi request reprint A visual short-term memory advantage for faces
    Kim M Curby
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19122 6085, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:620-8. 2007
    ....
  46. doi request reprint A visual short-term memory advantage for objects of expertise
    Kim M Curby
    Department of Psychology, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA 19122, USA
    J Exp Psychol Hum Percept Perform 35:94-107. 2009
    ..These findings suggest that the processing advantages afforded by visual expertise result in domain-specific increases in VSTM capacity, perhaps by allowing experts to maximize the use of an inherently limited VSTM system...
  47. ncbi request reprint Generating complex three-dimensional stimuli (Greebles) for haptic expertise training
    Thomas W James
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA
    Behav Res Methods 37:353-8. 2005
    ..Differences between these object creation techniques and their impact on perceptual expertise training are discussed. The full set of these stimuli may be downloaded from www.psychonomic.org/archive/...
  48. ncbi request reprint Letter processing automatically recruits a sensory-motor brain network
    Karin H James
    Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Indiana University, 1101 E 10th Street, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
    Neuropsychologia 44:2937-49. 2006
    ..We suggest that this distributed network is a direct result of our sensory-motor interactions with letters...
  49. ncbi request reprint Dissociating viewpoint costs in mental rotation and object recognition
    William G Hayward
    Department of Psychology, University of Hong Kong, China
    Psychon Bull Rev 13:820-5. 2006
    ..Taken in conjunction with a recent brain imaging study, this dissociation in behavioral performance suggests that object recognition is based on matching of image features rather than on 3-D mental transformations...
  50. ncbi request reprint How does the brain process upright and inverted faces?
    Bruno Rossion
    Brown University, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 1:63-75. 2002
    ..These modulations are in agreement with the perceptual locus of the FIE and reinforce the view that the FFA and N170 are sensitive to individual face discrimination...
  51. ncbi request reprint A defense of the subordinate-level expertise account for the N170 component
    Bruno Rossion
    Department of Cognitive and Linguistic Science, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA
    Cognition 85:189-96. 2002
    ..In this commentary, we question this conclusion based on some of our own ERP work on expert object recognition as well as the work of others...
  52. ncbi request reprint Spatial scale contribution to early visual differences between face and object processing
    Valerie Goffaux
    Unité de Neurosciences Cognitives NESC, UCL, Place Cardinal Mercier 10, 1348 Louvain la Neuve, Belgium
    Brain Res Cogn Brain Res 16:416-24. 2003
    ....
  53. ncbi request reprint Social interest and the development of cortical face specialization: what autism teaches us about face processing
    David J Grelotti
    Child Study Center and Developmental Neuroimaging Program, Yale University, School of Medicine, New Haven, CT 06520 7900, USA
    Dev Psychobiol 40:213-25. 2002
    ..The amygdala is likely the key node in the system that marks objects as emotionally salient and could be crucial to the development of cortical face specialization...
  54. ncbi request reprint fMRI activation of the fusiform gyrus and amygdala to cartoon characters but not to faces in a boy with autism
    David J Grelotti
    Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, P O Box 207900, New Haven, CT 06520 7900, USA
    Neuropsychologia 43:373-85. 2005
    ..These results have important implications for our understanding of autism, cortical face specialization, and the possible role of the amygdala in the development of perceptual expertise...

Research Grants7

  1. THE ROLE OF VISUAL EXPERTISE IN LETTER PERCEPTION
    Isabel Gauthier; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..Understanding what characterizes expert letter perception is also necessary to understand disorders in which this expertise is not acquired (such as dyslexia) or is lost (such as low vision). ..
  2. The Role of Expertise in Object Perception
    Isabel Gauthier; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..This knowledge may help develop better training protocols for various diseases, including dyslexia and visual agnosia. ..