ROBERT R BLAKE

Summary

Affiliation: Vanderbilt University
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Visual competition
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:13-21. 2002
  2. doi request reprint Visual perception: tracking the elusive footprints of awareness
    Randolph Blake
    512 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Curr Biol 19:R30-2. 2009
  3. ncbi request reprint The role of temporal structure in human vision
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 4:21-42. 2005
  4. pmc Strength of early visual adaptation depends on visual awareness
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:4783-8. 2006
  5. ncbi request reprint Neural synergy between kinetic vision and touch
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:397-402. 2004
  6. ncbi request reprint Visual motion retards alternations between conflicting perceptual interpretations
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 39:869-78. 2003
  7. ncbi request reprint Perception of human motion
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:47-73. 2007
  8. pmc Aging and perception of visual form from temporal structure
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:181-9. 2008
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual recognition of biological motion is impaired in children with autism
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37201, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:151-7. 2003
  10. pmc Binocular vision
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Vision Res 51:754-70. 2011

Research Grants

  1. EFFECTIVE CONNECTIVITY IN BRAIN IMAGING OF VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005
  2. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2004
  3. MECHANISMS OF PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005
  4. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2007
  5. PSYCHOPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION OF BINOCULAR SUPPRESSION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 1990
  6. BINOCULAR VISION AND MOTION PERCEPTION IN HUMANS
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 1993
  7. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2009

Detail Information

Publications52

  1. ncbi request reprint Visual competition
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 3:13-21. 2002
    ..Although unanswered questions remain, this view of rivalry might allow us to resolve some of the controversies and apparent contradictions that have emerged from its study...
  2. doi request reprint Visual perception: tracking the elusive footprints of awareness
    Randolph Blake
    512 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Curr Biol 19:R30-2. 2009
    ..Subjective visual experience leaves two distinct, overlapping 'footprints' within visual cortex: a small 'footprint' evident in multi-unit activity, and a much larger 'footprint' that dominates activity indexed by haemodynamic responses...
  3. ncbi request reprint The role of temporal structure in human vision
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 4:21-42. 2005
    ..The authors conclude with a brief discussion of neurophysiological implications of these results...
  4. pmc Strength of early visual adaptation depends on visual awareness
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 103:4783-8. 2006
    ..Also, our findings make it necessary to reinterpret previous studies whose results were construed as psychophysical evidence against the direct role of neurons in the primary visual cortex in visual awareness...
  5. ncbi request reprint Neural synergy between kinetic vision and touch
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Sci 15:397-402. 2004
    ..Considered together, our results show that the brain draws on somatosensory information to resolve visual conflict...
  6. ncbi request reprint Visual motion retards alternations between conflicting perceptual interpretations
    Randolph Blake
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 39:869-78. 2003
    ..Evidently, local neural adaptation is a key ingredient in the instability of perception...
  7. ncbi request reprint Perception of human motion
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 58:47-73. 2007
    ..This article reviews those advances and, where possible, draws links among those findings...
  8. pmc Aging and perception of visual form from temporal structure
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Aging 23:181-9. 2008
    ..This selective deficit may reveal reduced sensitivity within the temporal impulse response of the aging visual system, a deficit that could be related to reduced effectiveness of neural inhibition...
  9. ncbi request reprint Visual recognition of biological motion is impaired in children with autism
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37201, USA
    Psychol Sci 14:151-7. 2003
    ..This latter deficit may be related to the impaired social skills characteristic of autism, and we speculate that this deficit may implicate abnormalities in brain areas mediating perception of human movement...
  10. pmc Binocular vision
    Randolph Blake
    Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea
    Vision Res 51:754-70. 2011
    ..Concerning binocular contrast summation, the essay focuses on two representative models that highlight the evolving complexity in this field of study...
  11. pmc Neural integration of information specifying human structure from form, motion, and depth
    Stuart Jackson
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Neurosci 30:838-48. 2010
    ..Models of biomotion perception should incorporate mechanisms to disambiguate depth ambiguities in two-dimensional body representations...
  12. ncbi request reprint Selective impairment in visual perception of biological motion in obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Jejoong Kim
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennesse, USA
    Depress Anxiety 25:E15-25. 2008
    ..Because efficient social interactions depend on accurate and rapid perception of subtle socially relevant cues, deficits in biological motion perception may compromise social functioning in people with OCD...
  13. ncbi request reprint Perceptual interaction between real and synesthetic colors
    Chai Youn Kim
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University Nashville, Nashville, TN 32703, USA
    Cortex 42:195-203. 2006
    ..Therefore, the present results identify substantial interaction between synesthetic colors and real colors in perceptual grouping...
  14. ncbi request reprint Motion perception getting better with age?
    Duje Tadin
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 45:325-7. 2005
    ..This surprising result, reported by Betts et al. in this issue of Neuron, suggests weaker center-surround antagonism in senescence, perhaps attributable to age-related reduction in GABA-mediated inhibition...
  15. pmc On the nature of the stimulus information necessary for estimating mean size of visual arrays
    Sung Jun Joo
    Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, USA
    J Vis 9:7.1-12. 2009
    ..Evidently the refined stimulus information used for computing mean size remains available even in the absence of focused attention...
  16. ncbi request reprint A fresh look at interocular grouping during binocular rivalry
    Sang Hun Lee
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue S, Nashville, TN 37215, USA
    Vision Res 44:983-91. 2004
    ..Thus interocular grouping during rivalry does not rule out local, eye-based rivalry, although synergistic and top-down influences almost certainly provide additional force in the promotion of interocular grouping...
  17. pmc A dissociation of attention and awareness in phase-sensitive but not phase-insensitive visual channels
    Jan W Brascamp
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:2326-44. 2010
    ..This indicates independent signatures of attention and awareness in early visual areas yet a convergence of their effects at more advanced processing stages...
  18. ncbi request reprint Fearful expressions gain preferential access to awareness during continuous flash suppression
    Eunice Yang
    Psychology Department, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Emotion 7:882-6. 2007
    ..When using stimuli solely representing the eyes, a similar bias for detecting fear emerged, implicating the importance of information from the eyes in the preconscious processing of fear expressions...
  19. pmc Early visual mechanisms do not contribute to synesthetic color experience
    Sang Wook Hong
    Department of Psychology and Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South Nashville, TN 37023, USA
    Vision Res 48:1018-26. 2008
    ....
  20. ncbi request reprint Illusory colors promote interocular grouping during binocular rivalry
    Chai Youn Kim
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:356-62. 2007
    ..Thus, illusory colors that are present only in an observer's mind are sufficiently potent to influence low-level visual processes such as binocular rivalry...
  21. pmc Enhancement of bistable perception associated with visual stimulus rivalry
    Min Suk Kang
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 15:586-91. 2008
    ..Possible reasons for the effectiveness of the composite in promotion of stimulus rivalry are discussed...
  22. pmc Periodic perturbations producing phase-locked fluctuations in visual perception
    Min Suk Kang
    Department of Psychology and Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    J Vis 9:8.1-12. 2009
    ....
  23. pmc Interocular suppression differentially affects achromatic and chromatic mechanisms
    Sang Wook Hong
    Departments of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37023, USA
    Atten Percept Psychophys 71:403-11. 2009
    ..These results are discussed in terms of functional segregation of achromatic and chromatic processing in the visual system...
  24. pmc A new interocular suppression technique for measuring sensory eye dominance
    Eunice Yang
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37240 7817, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 51:588-93. 2010
    ..In an effort to combine the strengths of these tests, the authors introduce a new technique for quantifying the magnitude of interocular suppression by using an easily administered psychophysical test...
  25. pmc Dissociation of neural mechanisms underlying orientation processing in humans
    Sam Ling
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37204, USA
    Curr Biol 19:1458-62. 2009
    ....
  26. pmc Suppression during binocular rivalry broadens orientation tuning
    Sam Ling
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:1348-55. 2009
    ..Thus, the discriminability of a suppressed stimulus is weakened not only by a general decrease in signal strength, but also by broader orientation tuning that introduces more noise in the neural representation of the suppressed stimulus...
  27. doi request reprint Detecting contrast changes in invisible patterns during binocular rivalry
    Sam Ling
    Department of Psychology Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    Vision Res 50:2421-9. 2010
    ..contrast functions, we suggest that, regardless of the complexity of the image, rivalry suppression modulates the neural contrast response function through a mixture of reduced overall response gain and a shift in the contrast gain...
  28. pmc Adaptation aftereffects to facial expressions suppressed from visual awareness
    Eunice Yang
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Vis 10:24. 2010
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint The effects of transcranial magnetic stimulation on visual rivalry
    Joel Pearson
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Vis 7:2.1-11. 2007
    ....
  30. pmc Spatial grouping in human vision: temporal structure trumps temporal synchrony
    Sharon E Guttman
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Vision Res 47:219-30. 2007
    ..This finding prompts an important, testable prediction concerning the neural mechanisms of binding: patterns of neural spiking over time may be more important than absolute spike synchrony...
  31. ncbi request reprint Mixed messengers, unified message: spatial grouping from temporal structure
    Sharon E Guttman
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Ave South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Vision Res 45:1021-30. 2005
    ..Thus, the visual system can abstract temporal structure regardless of the messenger of the dynamic event; a coherent spatial structure emerges from this abstracted temporal structure...
  32. ncbi request reprint Perceiving object motion using vision and touch
    Thomas W James
    Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 4:201-7. 2004
    ..Visual and tactile inputs can sometimes be fused to form a coherent percept of object motion but, when they are in extreme conflict, can also remain independent...
  33. ncbi request reprint Physics embedded in visual perception of three-dimensional shape from motion
    Lee A Gilroy
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center Department of Psychology, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Neurosci 7:921-2. 2004
    ..Evidently, information about frictional interaction is embedded within neural mechanisms specifying SFM...
  34. ncbi request reprint Perceptual consequences of centre-surround antagonism in visual motion processing
    Duje Tadin
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nature 424:312-5. 2003
    ..Evidently, integration of motion signals over space depends crucially on the visibility of those signals, thereby allowing the visual system to register motion information efficiently and adaptively...
  35. ncbi request reprint Subjective contours and binocular rivalry suppression
    Kenith V Sobel
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Vision Res 43:1533-40. 2003
    ..Evidently suppression precedes the synthesis of subjective contours in the visual processing hierarchy...
  36. ncbi request reprint Brain Areas Active during Visual Perception of Biological Motion
    Emily D Grossman
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Neuron 35:1167-75. 2002
    ..Our results suggest that a network of distributed neural areas in the form and motion pathways underlie the perception of biological motion...
  37. ncbi request reprint What constitutes an efficient reference frame for vision?
    Duje Tadin
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    Nat Neurosci 5:1010-5. 2002
    ..Our results indicate that perceived form influences the neural representation of its component features, and from this, we propose a new method for studying perceptual organization...
  38. pmc How context influences predominance during binocular rivalry
    Kenith V Sobel
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240 USA
    Perception 31:813-24. 2002
    ....
  39. pmc Hearing what the eyes see: auditory encoding of visual temporal sequences
    Sharon E Guttman
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Avenue South, 301 Wilson Hall, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Sci 16:228-35. 2005
    ..Evidently, the perceptual system automatically and obligatorily abstracts temporal structure from its visual form and represents this structure using an auditory code, resulting in the experience of "hearing visual rhythms."..
  40. pmc The perceptual reality of synesthetic colors
    Thomas J Palmeri
    Department of Psychology, Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, and Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 99:4127-31. 2002
    ..Thus, synesthetic experiences appear to originate from a binding of color and form that takes place within central stages of visual processing...
  41. ncbi request reprint Weakened center-surround interactions in visual motion processing in schizophrenia
    Duje Tadin
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center and Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Neurosci 26:11403-12. 2006
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Neural bases of binocular rivalry
    Frank Tong
    Psychology Department, 301 Wilson Hall, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 10:502-11. 2006
    ..Inhibitory and excitatory circuits considered within a hybrid model might account for the paradoxical properties of binocular rivalry and provide insights into the neural bases of visual awareness itself...
  43. ncbi request reprint Fine temporal properties of center-surround interactions in motion revealed by reverse correlation
    Duje Tadin
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37203, USA
    J Neurosci 26:2614-22. 2006
    ..This suggests that the previously reported adaptive nature of center-surround interactions in motion is driven primarily by the visibility of the center motion signals...
  44. ncbi request reprint Watercolor illusion induced by synesthetic colors
    Chai Youn Kim
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Perception 34:1501-7. 2005
  45. ncbi request reprint Endogenous attention prolongs dominance durations in binocular rivalry
    Sang Chul Chong
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN, USA
    J Vis 5:1004-12. 2005
    ..Overall, our results indicate that dominance durations in rivalry can be prolonged when observers are performing an attentionally demanding task on the rival stimulus...
  46. ncbi request reprint The interaction between binocular rivalry and negative afterimages
    Lee A Gilroy
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Curr Biol 15:1740-4. 2005
    ..We offer two alternative accounts of this counterintuitive finding, both based on differential neural adaptation...
  47. pmc What causes alternations in dominance during binocular rivalry?
    Min Suk Kang
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Wilson Hall, 111 21st Ave South, Nashville, TN 37240, USA
    Atten Percept Psychophys 72:179-86. 2010
    ....
  48. pmc Spatial spread of interocular suppression is guided by stimulus configuration
    Kazushi Maruya
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 301 Wilson Hall, 111 21st Avenue South, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Perception 38:215-31. 2009
    ..These findings implicate the involvement of neural circuitry in which inhibition propagates along paths of excitation beyond spatial regions of explicit interocular conflict...
  49. ncbi request reprint Psychophysical magic: rendering the visible 'invisible'
    Chai Youn Kim
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Trends Cogn Sci 9:381-8. 2005
    ..Such phenomena can help lead us ultimately to a comprehensive account of the neural correlates of conscious awareness...
  50. ncbi request reprint Brain activity accompanying perception of implied motion in abstract paintings
    Chai Youn Kim
    Vanderbilt Vision Research Center, Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Ave S, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Spat Vis 20:545-60. 2007
    ..Experience, however, is necessary to achieve this sense of motion...
  51. ncbi request reprint Impaired visual recognition of biological motion in schizophrenia
    Jejoong Kim
    Department of Psychology and The Center for Integrative and Cognitive Neuroscience, Vanderbilt University, 111 21st Ave South, Nashville TN 37240, USA
    Schizophr Res 77:299-307. 2005
    ..A deficit in biological motion perception may have significant consequences for detecting and interpreting social information...
  52. ncbi request reprint Voluntary action influences visual competition
    Kazushi Maruya
    Department of Psychology, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37203, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:1090-8. 2007
    ..Thus, self-generated actions can influence the resolution of perceptual conflict, even when the object being controlled falls outside of visual awareness...

Research Grants26

  1. EFFECTIVE CONNECTIVITY IN BRAIN IMAGING OF VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..The present proposal has this potential. ..
  2. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..stimulus" accounts of rivalry. In addition, results from these proposed experiments will provide guidance to neurophysiologists and cognitive neuro scientists seeking to discover the actual neural concomitants of rivalry. ..
  3. MECHANISMS OF PERCEPTUAL ORGANIZATION IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..In addition, the work on spatial structure from temporal synchrony may have implications for understanding clinical disorders involving disruptions in temporal processing, including dyslexia. ..
  4. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..Finally, results from these experiments will guide neurophysiologists and cognitive neuroscientists seeking to discover the actual neural concomitants of multi-stable perception. ..
  5. PSYCHOPHYSICAL INVESTIGATION OF BINOCULAR SUPPRESSION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  6. BINOCULAR VISION AND MOTION PERCEPTION IN HUMANS
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ....
  7. BINOCULAR RIVALRY IN HUMAN VISION
    Robert Blake; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..Finally, results from these experiments will guide neurophysiologists and cognitive neuroscientists seeking to discover the actual neural concomitants of multi-stable perception. ..