J T Wixted

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Genuine power curves in forgetting: a quantitative analysis of individual subject forgetting functions
    J T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0109, USA
    Mem Cognit 25:731-9. 1997
  2. ncbi request reprint Dual-process theory and signal-detection theory of recognition memory
    John T Wixted
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Psychol Rev 114:152-76. 2007
  3. ncbi request reprint In defense of the signal detection interpretation of remember/know judgments
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:616-41. 2004
  4. ncbi request reprint On Common Ground: Jost's (1897) law of forgetting and Ribot's (1881) law of retrograde amnesia
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:864-79. 2004
  5. ncbi request reprint The Wickelgren power law and the Ebbinghaus savings function
    John T Wixted
    University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:133-4. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Stimulus salience and asymmetric forgetting in the pigeon
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Learn Behav 32:173-82. 2004
  7. pmc Measuring recollection and familiarity in the medial temporal lobe
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Hippocampus 20:1195-205. 2010
  8. ncbi request reprint The psychology and neuroscience of forgetting
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093 0109, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 55:235-69. 2004
  9. ncbi request reprint Cognitive theories as reinforcement history surrogates: the case of likelihood ratio models of human recognition memory
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Anim Learn Behav 30:289-305. 2002
  10. doi request reprint Remember/Know judgments in cognitive neuroscience: An illustration of the underrepresented point of view
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Learn Mem 16:406-12. 2009

Research Grants

  1. SIGNAL DETECTION THEORY AND MEMORY FOR ASYMMETRIC EVENTS
    John Wixted; Fiscal Year: 2003
  2. On the Nature of Recollection
    John T Wixted; Fiscal Year: 2010

Detail Information

Publications42

  1. ncbi request reprint Genuine power curves in forgetting: a quantitative analysis of individual subject forgetting functions
    J T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0109, USA
    Mem Cognit 25:731-9. 1997
    ..In addition, an analysis of individual subject forgetting functions shows that they, too, are described much better by a power function than by an exponential...
  2. ncbi request reprint Dual-process theory and signal-detection theory of recognition memory
    John T Wixted
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Psychol Rev 114:152-76. 2007
    ..A dual-process version of signal-detection theory implies that individual recognition decisions are not process pure, and it suggests new ways to investigate the brain correlates of recognition memory...
  3. ncbi request reprint In defense of the signal detection interpretation of remember/know judgments
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 11:616-41. 2004
    ..The key assumption of this model is that individual recognition decisions are based on both recollection and familiarity (not on one process or the other)...
  4. ncbi request reprint On Common Ground: Jost's (1897) law of forgetting and Ribot's (1881) law of retrograde amnesia
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Rev 111:864-79. 2004
    ..A consolidation interpretation of Jost's law implies an interference theory of forgetting that is altogether different from the cue-overload view that has dominated thinking in the field of psychology for decades...
  5. ncbi request reprint The Wickelgren power law and the Ebbinghaus savings function
    John T Wixted
    University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    Psychol Sci 18:133-4. 2007
  6. ncbi request reprint Stimulus salience and asymmetric forgetting in the pigeon
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Learn Behav 32:173-82. 2004
    ..The results suggest that when sample stimuli differ in salience, pigeons may transform the nominal discrimination task into a detection task in which they respond on the basis of the presence or absence of the more salient sample...
  7. pmc Measuring recollection and familiarity in the medial temporal lobe
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Hippocampus 20:1195-205. 2010
    ..We suggest that an alternative method can be used to effectively investigate recollection and familiarity in the MTL, one that is valid whether recollection is a categorical or a continuous process...
  8. ncbi request reprint The psychology and neuroscience of forgetting
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California, 92093 0109, USA
    Annu Rev Psychol 55:235-69. 2004
    ....
  9. ncbi request reprint Cognitive theories as reinforcement history surrogates: the case of likelihood ratio models of human recognition memory
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Anim Learn Behav 30:289-305. 2002
    ..As Skinner was also fond of pointing out, it is only in the animal laboratory that an organism's history of reinforcement can be precisely controlled and its effects on behavior clearly understood...
  10. doi request reprint Remember/Know judgments in cognitive neuroscience: An illustration of the underrepresented point of view
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Learn Mem 16:406-12. 2009
    ..Because conclusions about the neuroanatomical basis of recollection and familiarity are dependent on one specific interpretation of the Remember/Know procedure, ignoring a viable alternative interpretation may be counterproductive...
  11. ncbi request reprint Recall and recognition are equally impaired in patients with selective hippocampal damage
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Cogn Affect Behav Neurosci 4:58-66. 2004
    ..Yonelinas et al. (2002) also analyzed remember/know judgments and ROC data in an effort to show that recollection is selectively impaired in patients, but these analyses also raise problems...
  12. pmc The role of the human hippocampus in familiarity-based and recollection-based recognition memory
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Behav Brain Res 215:197-208. 2010
    ..These findings suggest that the functional organization of the medial temporal lobe is probably best understood in terms unrelated to the distinction between recollection and familiarity...
  13. ncbi request reprint The case against a criterion-shift account of false memory
    J T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Rev 107:368-76. 2000
    ....
  14. doi request reprint A continuous dual-process model of remember/know judgments
    John T Wixted
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    Psychol Rev 117:1025-54. 2010
    ....
  15. pmc Jeab and the Skinnerian interpretation of behavior
    John Wixted
    University of California San Diego, USA
    J Exp Anal Behav 89:137-9. 2008
    ....
  16. ncbi request reprint Same-different texture discrimination in pigeons: testing competing models of discrimination and stimulus integration
    R G Cook
    Department of Psychology, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts 02155, USA
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 23:401-16. 1997
    ..g., degree of difference)...
  17. pmc Recognition memory and the hippocampus: A test of the hippocampal contribution to recollection and familiarity
    Annette Jeneson
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, 92093, USA
    Learn Mem 17:63-70. 2010
    ..This pattern of performance suggests that the hippocampus supports both recollection and familiarity...
  18. doi request reprint The effects of pregnancy on memory: recall is worse but recognition is not
    Laura Mickes
    University of California, 9500 Gilman Drive, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 31:754-61. 2009
    ....
  19. doi request reprint Optimizing distributed practice: theoretical analysis and practical implications
    Nicholas J Cepeda
    York University, Toronto, ON, Canada University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Exp Psychol 56:236-46. 2009
    ..These results provide new constraints on theories of spacing and confirm the importance of cumulative reviews to promote retention over meaningful time periods...
  20. pmc Testing signal-detection models of yes/no and two-alternative forced-choice recognition memory
    Yoonhee Jang
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 138:291-306. 2009
    ..With AIC and simultaneous fits to real data, the unequal-variance signal-detection model was found to provide the best account across yes/no and 2AFC testing...
  21. pmc Recognition memory and the medial temporal lobe: a new perspective
    Larry R Squire
    Veterans Affairs Medical Center 116A, 3350 La Jolla Village Drive, San Diego, California 92161, USA
    Nat Rev Neurosci 8:872-83. 2007
    ..We also indicate ways in which the functions of the medial temporal lobe structures are different, and suggest that these structures work together in a cooperative and complementary way...
  22. pmc Continuous recollection versus unitized familiarity in associative recognition
    Laura Mickes
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 36:843-63. 2010
    ....
  23. ncbi request reprint The effects of tests on learning and forgetting
    Shana K Carpenter
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Mem Cognit 36:438-48. 2008
    ..We discuss the implications of these results both for approaches to measuring forgetting and for the use of tests in promoting long-term retention. The stimuli used in these experiments may be found at www.psychonomic.org/archive...
  24. pmc The hippocampus supports both the recollection and the familiarity components of recognition memory
    Peter E Wais
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Neuron 49:459-66. 2006
    ..These results suggest that the component processes that determine the shape of the ROC are operative in the absence of the hippocampus, and they argue against the idea that the hippocampus selectively supports the recollection process...
  25. doi request reprint A comparison of two brief screening measures of cognitive impairment in Huntington's disease
    Laura Mickes
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093 0109, USA
    Mov Disord 25:2229-33. 2010
    ..e., visuospatial abilities) revealed that the MoCA achieved higher sensitivity without sacrificing specificity in many domains relative to the MMSE...
  26. ncbi request reprint Progressive impairment on neuropsychological tasks in a longitudinal study of preclinical Alzheimer's disease
    Laura Mickes
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Neuropsychology 21:696-705. 2007
    ....
  27. ncbi request reprint Distributed practice in verbal recall tasks: A review and quantitative synthesis
    Nicholas J Cepeda
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, CA, USA
    Psychol Bull 132:354-80. 2006
    ..Areas needing future research and theoretical implications are discussed...
  28. ncbi request reprint Explaining purportedly irrational behavior by modeling skepticism in task parameters: an example examining confidence in forced-choice tasks
    Craig R M McKenzie
    University of California San Diego, Department of Psychology, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 30:947-59. 2004
    ..Two visual identification experiments show that the new normative model provides a compelling account of participants' confidence reports...
  29. ncbi request reprint When does feedback facilitate learning of words?
    Harold Pashler
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 31:3-8. 2005
    ..On the other hand, feedback after correct responses made little difference either immediately or at a delay, regardless of whether the subject was confident in the response. Practical and theoretical implications are discussed...
  30. ncbi request reprint Relation between confidence in yes-no and forced-choice tasks
    C R McKenzie
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Gen 130:140-55. 2001
    ..Two models, including the normative one, were ruled out as descriptive models. A linear model and a multiplicative model remain viable contenders...
  31. ncbi request reprint On the nature of associative information in recognition memory
    R Kelley
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego 92093-0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 27:701-22. 2001
    ....
  32. ncbi request reprint Remember/know judgments probe degrees of recollection
    Peter E Wais
    Department of Psychology, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:400-5. 2008
    ..As such, dissociations involving remember/know judgments in fMRI studies and in studies involving amnesic patients should not be construed as dissociations between recollection and familiarity...
  33. pmc Activity in the medial temporal lobe predicts memory strength, whereas activity in the prefrontal cortex predicts recollection
    C Brock Kirwan
    Institute for Neural Computation, Department of Neurosciences, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California 92093, USA
    J Neurosci 28:10541-8. 2008
    ..These findings suggest that activity in the medial temporal lobe is predictive of subsequent memory strength, whereas activity in prefrontal cortex is predictive of subsequent recollection...
  34. ncbi request reprint The disparate effects of Alzheimer's disease and Huntington's disease on semantic memory
    D Rohrer
    Department of Psychology, University of South Florida, Tampa 33620 8200, USA
    Neuropsychology 13:381-8. 1999
    ..By contrast, the 12 HD patients produced a larger proportion of their responses late in the recall period, consistent with the view that HD slows retrieval...
  35. pmc A demonstration that the hippocampus supports both recollection and familiarity
    C Brock Kirwan
    Department of Psychology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT 84602, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 107:344-8. 2010
    ..The simplest explanation of the results is that hippocampal damage impairs familiarity as well as recollection. The same conclusion was suggested when two competing models of recognition memory were used to analyze the data...
  36. ncbi request reprint On the nature of the decision axis in signal-detection-based models of recognition memory
    Holly E R Morrell
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093 0109, USA
    J Exp Psychol Learn Mem Cogn 28:1095-110. 2002
    ..e., no mirror effect was observed). This result suggests that the decision axis represents a familiarity scale and that participants adopt a single decision criterion that they maintain throughout the recognition test...
  37. pmc In search of recollection and familiarity signals in the hippocampus
    Peter E Wais
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 22:109-23. 2010
    ..Similar results were obtained in the parahippocampal gyrus. Unlike in the medial temporal lobe, activation in prefrontal cortex increased differentially in association with source recollection...
  38. doi request reprint Recollection is a continuous process: implications for dual-process theories of recognition memory
    Laura Mickes
    Department of Psychology, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093 0109, USA
    Psychol Sci 20:509-15. 2009
    ..Because recollection, like familiarity, is a continuous process, dual-process theory is more compatible with signal detection theory than previously thought...
  39. ncbi request reprint A direct test of the unequal-variance signal detection model of recognition memory
    Laura Mickes
    University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093, USA
    Psychon Bull Rev 14:858-65. 2007
    ..Moreover, across subjects, the ratio S(lure)/ S(target) correlated highly with the estimate of sigma(lure)/ sigma(target) obtained from ROC analysis, and both estimates were, on average, approximately equal to 0.80...
  40. pmc Yes/no recognition, forced-choice recognition, and the human hippocampus
    P J Bayley
    University of California, San Diego, CA 92093, USA
    J Cogn Neurosci 20:505-12. 2008
    ..We conclude that hippocampal lesions impair yes/no and forced-choice recognition to the same extent...
  41. ncbi request reprint Local proactive interference in delayed matching to sample: the role of reinforcement
    K Geoffrey White
    Department of Psychology, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand
    J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process 30:83-95. 2004
    ....
  42. ncbi request reprint Effect of delay on recognition decisions: evidence for a criterion shift
    Murray Singer
    Department of Psychology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Canada
    Mem Cognit 34:125-37. 2006
    ..This suggests that people can use the delay between study and test to flexibly adjust the decision criteria of word recognition...

Research Grants8

  1. SIGNAL DETECTION THEORY AND MEMORY FOR ASYMMETRIC EVENTS
    John Wixted; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..Because detection theory offers a theoretical framework common to both species, it could help to facilitate the development of relevant animal models of memory impairment in humans. ..
  2. On the Nature of Recollection
    John T Wixted; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..The proposed work tests that model of memory against an alternative and long-standing model known as signal-detection theory. ..