David R Williams

Summary

Affiliation: University of Rochester
Country: USA

Publications

  1. ncbi request reprint Visual benefit of correcting higher order aberrations of the eye
    D Williams
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Refract Surg 16:S554-9. 2000
  2. pmc Imaging single cells in the living retina
    David R Williams
    Center for Visual Science, William G Allyn Professor of Medical Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 0270, United States
    Vision Res 51:1379-96. 2011
  3. pmc Imaging light responses of foveal ganglion cells in the living macaque eye
    Lu Yin
    Flaum Eye Institute, Center for Visual Science, and Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
    J Neurosci 34:6596-605. 2014
  4. pmc In-vivo imaging of retinal nerve fiber layer vasculature: imaging histology comparison
    Drew Scoles
    University of Rochester Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    BMC Ophthalmol 9:9. 2009
  5. pmc The reduction of retinal autofluorescence caused by light exposure
    Jessica I W Morgan
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:6015-22. 2009
  6. pmc In vivo imaging of microscopic structures in the rat retina
    Ying Geng
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:5872-9. 2009
  7. ncbi request reprint Focal damage to macaque photoreceptors produces persistent visual loss
    Jennifer M Strazzeri
    Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    Exp Eye Res 119:88-96. 2014
  8. pmc In vivo autofluorescence imaging of the human and macaque retinal pigment epithelial cell mosaic
    Jessica I W Morgan
    University of Rochester, Center for Visual Science, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:1350-9. 2009
  9. ncbi request reprint Aberrations induced in wavefront-guided laser refractive surgery due to shifts between natural and dilated pupil center locations
    Jason Porter
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 32:21-32. 2006
  10. pmc Requirements for discrete actuator and segmented wavefront correctors for aberration compensation in two large populations of human eyes
    Nathan Doble
    Center for Visual Science, 274 Meliora Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Appl Opt 46:4501-14. 2007

Research Grants

  1. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2003
  2. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2003
  3. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
  4. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
  5. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
  6. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
  7. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
  8. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
  9. CORE GRANT FOR VISION RESEARCH
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
  10. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications80

  1. ncbi request reprint Visual benefit of correcting higher order aberrations of the eye
    D Williams
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Refract Surg 16:S554-9. 2000
    ..These results encourage the development of methods to correct higher order aberrations...
  2. pmc Imaging single cells in the living retina
    David R Williams
    Center for Visual Science, William G Allyn Professor of Medical Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 0270, United States
    Vision Res 51:1379-96. 2011
    ..These technologies have enabled a wide range of studies of the retina that were previously impossible...
  3. pmc Imaging light responses of foveal ganglion cells in the living macaque eye
    Lu Yin
    Flaum Eye Institute, Center for Visual Science, and Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, and Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720
    J Neurosci 34:6596-605. 2014
    ..This new method will permit the tracking of visual development, progression of retinal disease, or therapeutic interventions, such as insertion of visual prostheses. ..
  4. pmc In-vivo imaging of retinal nerve fiber layer vasculature: imaging histology comparison
    Drew Scoles
    University of Rochester Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    BMC Ophthalmol 9:9. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc The reduction of retinal autofluorescence caused by light exposure
    Jessica I W Morgan
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:6015-22. 2009
    ..The present study shows how the effects of exposure power and duration combine to produce this autofluorescence reduction and find the minimum exposure causing a detectable autofluorescence reduction...
  6. pmc In vivo imaging of microscopic structures in the rat retina
    Ying Geng
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:5872-9. 2009
    ..The authors have characterized the performance of a fluorescence adaptive optics scanning laser ophthalmoscope (fAOSLO) that provides cellular and subcellular imaging of rat retina in vivo...
  7. ncbi request reprint Focal damage to macaque photoreceptors produces persistent visual loss
    Jennifer M Strazzeri
    Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    Exp Eye Res 119:88-96. 2014
    ....
  8. pmc In vivo autofluorescence imaging of the human and macaque retinal pigment epithelial cell mosaic
    Jessica I W Morgan
    University of Rochester, Center for Visual Science, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 50:1350-9. 2009
    ..The current study extended this method to image RPE cells in fixating humans in vivo and to quantify the RPE mosaic characteristics in the central retina of normal humans and macaques...
  9. ncbi request reprint Aberrations induced in wavefront-guided laser refractive surgery due to shifts between natural and dilated pupil center locations
    Jason Porter
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 32:21-32. 2006
    ....
  10. pmc Requirements for discrete actuator and segmented wavefront correctors for aberration compensation in two large populations of human eyes
    Nathan Doble
    Center for Visual Science, 274 Meliora Hall, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Appl Opt 46:4501-14. 2007
    ..The results presented will help guide the development of wavefront correctors for the next generation of ophthalmic instrumentation...
  11. pmc Intravitreal injection of AAV2 transduces macaque inner retina
    Lu Yin
    Flaum Eye Institute, Rochester, New York, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 52:2775-83. 2011
    ..This was a study of inner retina transduction in the macaque, a primate with ocular characteristics most similar to that of humans...
  12. pmc Light-induced retinal changes observed with high-resolution autofluorescence imaging of the retinal pigment epithelium
    Jessica I W Morgan
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:3715-29. 2008
    ..In this study, the potential of retinal damage was investigated by using radiant exposure levels that are 2 to 150 times those used for routine imaging...
  13. ncbi request reprint Accommodation with higher-order monochromatic aberrations corrected with adaptive optics
    Li Chen
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 23:1-8. 2006
    ..They also show that some subjects can accommodate correctly when higher-order monochromatic aberrations as well as established cues to accommodation are greatly reduced...
  14. ncbi request reprint Causes of spherical aberration induced by laser refractive surgery
    Geunyoung Yoon
    Department of Ophthalmology and Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 31:127-35. 2005
    ..To develop a corneal model to better explain how refractive surgery procedures induce spherical aberration...
  15. ncbi request reprint In vivo fluorescence imaging of primate retinal ganglion cells and retinal pigment epithelial cells
    Daniel C Gray
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 146271, USA
    Opt Express 14:7144-58. 2006
    ..With this method, we are also able to resolve the smallest retinal capillaries in fluorescein angiography and the mosaic of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells with lipofuscin autofluorescence...
  16. pmc The susceptibility of the retina to photochemical damage from visible light
    Jennifer J Hunter
    Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Box 314, 601Elmwood Ave, Rochester, NY 14642, USA
    Prog Retin Eye Res 31:28-42. 2012
    ..Such treatment prior to intentional light exposures, as in ophthalmic examinations or surgeries, could provide an effective preventative strategy...
  17. ncbi request reprint Organization of the human trichromatic cone mosaic
    Heidi Hofer
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 0270, USA
    J Neurosci 25:9669-79. 2005
    ..Surprisingly, in the protan carrier, in which X-chromosome inactivation would favor L- or M-cone clumping, there was no evidence of clumping, perhaps as a result of cone migration during foveal development...
  18. ncbi request reprint Surgeon offsets and dynamic eye movements in laser refractive surgery
    Jason Porter
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Cataract Refract Surg 31:2058-66. 2005
    ..To determine the amount of static and dynamic pupil decentrations that occur during laser refractive surgery...
  19. ncbi request reprint Vision improvement by correcting higher-order aberrations with phase plates in normal eyes
    Geunyoung Yoon
    Department of Ophthalmology, Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627, USA
    J Refract Surg 20:S523-7. 2004
    ..To psychophysically demonstrate vision improvement when correcting higher-order aberrations with phase plates in normal eyes...
  20. pmc Morphology and topography of retinal pericytes in the living mouse retina using in vivo adaptive optics imaging and ex vivo characterization
    Jesse Schallek
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 54:8237-50. 2013
    ..To noninvasively image retinal pericytes in the living eye and characterize NG2-positive cell topography and morphology in the adult mouse retina...
  21. pmc Imaging light responses of retinal ganglion cells in the living mouse eye
    Lu Yin
    Flaum Eye Institute, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Neurophysiol 109:2415-21. 2013
    ..FACILE also overcomes limitations of existing in vivo imaging methods, providing fine spatial and temporal detail, structure-function comparison, and simultaneous analysis of multiple cells...
  22. ncbi request reprint The locus of fixation and the foveal cone mosaic
    Nicole M Putnam
    The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Vis 5:632-9. 2005
    ..This method can be used in psychophysical studies or medical applications requiring submicron registration of stimuli with respect to the retina or in delivering light to retinal features as small as single cells...
  23. ncbi request reprint Vision improvement by correcting higher-order aberrations with customized soft contact lenses in keratoconic eyes
    Ramkumar Sabesan
    Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Opt Lett 32:1000-2. 2007
    ..The higher-order aberration correction resulted in an average improvement of 2.1 lines in visual acuity over the conventional correction of defocus and astigmatism alone...
  24. ncbi request reprint Retinal microscotomas revealed with adaptive-optics microflashes
    Walter Makous
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, New York, NY 14627 0270, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 47:4160-7. 2006
    ..To develop a sensitive psychophysical test for detecting visual defects such as microscotomas...
  25. ncbi request reprint Different sensations from cones with the same photopigment
    Heidi Hofer
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Vis 5:444-54. 2005
    ..The diversity in the color response could not be completely explained by combined L and M cone excitation, implying that photoreceptors within the same class can elicit more than one color sensation...
  26. pmc Functional photoreceptor loss revealed with adaptive optics: an alternate cause of color blindness
    Joseph Carroll
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY 14627 0270, USA
    Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 101:8461-6. 2004
    ..We confirm that remarkably, this loss of one-third of the cones does not impair any aspect of vision other than color...
  27. ncbi request reprint High-resolution retinal imaging of cone-rod dystrophy
    Jessica I Wolfing
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Ophthalmology 113:1019.e1. 2006
    ..To date, adaptive optics ophthalmoscopy has been used mainly to examine the normal retina. Here we use adaptive optics ophthalmoscopy to image cone-rod dystrophy in vivo and compare these results with standard clinical tests...
  28. ncbi request reprint Health disparities based on socioeconomic inequities: implications for urban health care
    Kevin Fiscella
    Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
    Acad Med 79:1139-47. 2004
    ....
  29. ncbi request reprint Phase-shift estimation in sinusoidally illuminated images for lateral superresolution
    Sapna A Shroff
    Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 26:413-24. 2009
    ..In postprocessing we estimate randomly introduced, unknown phase shifts and process the images to obtain a superresolved image. Results of computer simulations are shown...
  30. pmc Long-term reduction in infrared autofluorescence caused by infrared light below the maximum permissible exposure
    Benjamin D Masella
    The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York, United States
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 55:3929-38. 2014
    ..However, we have discovered that exposure to infrared illumination causes a long-lasting reduction in infrared autofluorescence (IRAF). We have characterized the dependence of this effect on radiant exposure and investigated its origin...
  31. ncbi request reprint Effect of wavelength on in vivo images of the human cone mosaic
    Stacey S Choi
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 22:2598-605. 2005
    ....
  32. pmc In vivo imaging of the human rod photoreceptor mosaic
    Nathan Doble
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    Opt Lett 36:31-3. 2011
    ..Image analysis gave spacings that agree well with rod measurements from histological data...
  33. ncbi request reprint Image metrics for predicting subjective image quality
    Li Chen
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 0270, USA
    Optom Vis Sci 82:358-69. 2005
    ..Some of the most commonly used metrics, such as RMS wavefront error and the Strehl ratio, predict subjective image quality poorly. Our goal is to establish a better metric to predict subjective image quality from the wave aberration...
  34. ncbi request reprint Separate effects of the microkeratome incision and laser ablation on the eye's wave aberration
    Jason Porter
    The Institute of Optics, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    Am J Ophthalmol 136:327-37. 2003
    ..To study the optical changes induced by the microkeratome cut, the subsequent laser ablation, and the biomechanical healing response of the cornea in normal laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) eyes...
  35. ncbi request reprint Neural compensation for the best aberration correction
    Li Chen
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    J Vis 7:9.1-9. 2007
    ..Neural adaptation slightly modifies the best aberration correction, although this effect averaged only approximately 12% of complete adaptation. These results may have practical consequences for customized vision correction...
  36. ncbi request reprint The reflectance of single cones in the living human eye
    Aristofanis Pallikaris
    Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14672, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 44:4580-92. 2003
    ..To help understand what produces this spatial variation, the investigators explored whether it is a static or a dynamic property of the cone mosaic...
  37. ncbi request reprint Visual performance after correcting the monochromatic and chromatic aberrations of the eye
    Geun Young Yoon
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 19:266-75. 2002
    ..These results are in reasonable agreement with the theoretical improvement calculated from the eye's optical modulation transfer function...
  38. doi request reprint In vivo imaging of the fine structure of rhodamine-labeled macaque retinal ganglion cells
    Daniel C Gray
    Center for Visual Science, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY, USA
    Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 49:467-73. 2008
    ..The extent to which the fine structure of single ganglion cells, such as dendrites and axons, can be resolved in retinal images obtained from the living primate eye was investigated...
  39. ncbi request reprint Self-reported racial discrimination and substance use in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Adults Study
    Luisa N Borrell
    Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
    Am J Epidemiol 166:1068-79. 2007
    ..These associations were similarly positive in Whites but not significant. Substance use may be an unhealthy coping response to perceived unfair treatment for some individuals, regardless of their race/ethnicity...
  40. ncbi request reprint Optical fiber properties of individual human cones
    Austin Roorda
    University of Houston College of Optometry, Houston, TX, USA
    J Vis 2:404-12. 2002
    ..The implication is that the optical fiber properties of an ensemble of cones mimic the tuning properties of a single cone...
  41. ncbi request reprint Effect of beam size on the expected benefit of customized laser refractive surgery
    Antonio Guirao
    University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain
    J Refract Surg 19:15-23. 2003
    ..The success of such a procedure depends on using a laser beam that is small enough to produce fine ablation profiles needed to correct higher order aberrations...
  42. ncbi request reprint Neural compensation for the eye's optical aberrations
    Pablo Artal
    Laboratorio de Optica, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo, Murcia, Spain
    J Vis 4:281-7. 2004
    ....
  43. pmc Racial and spatial relations as fundamental determinants of health in Detroit
    Amy J Schulz
    School of Public Health, University of Michigan M5134 SPH II, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Milbank Q 80:677-707, iv. 2002
    ....
  44. ncbi request reprint Adaptive optics for vision: the eye's adaptation to point spread function
    Pablo Artal
    Laboratorio de Optica, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo Edificio C, 30071 Murcia, Spain
    J Refract Surg 19:S585-7. 2003
    ..We used adaptive optics techniques to control the eye's aberrations in order to evaluate this hypothesis...
  45. ncbi request reprint Color perception is mediated by a plastic neural mechanism that is adjustable in adults
    Jay Neitz
    Department of Cell Biology, Neurobiology, and Anatomy, Milwaukee, WI 53226, USA
    Neuron 35:783-92. 2002
    ..Thus, a neural normalization mechanism for color perception, determined by visual experience, operates to compensate for large genetic differences in retinal architecture and for changes in chromatic environment...
  46. pmc Discrimination, symptoms of depression, and self-rated health among african american women in detroit: results from a longitudinal analysis
    Amy J Schulz
    Department of Health Behavior and Health Education at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:1265-70. 2006
    ..We examined the longitudinal association of self-reported everyday discrimination with depressive symptoms and self-rated general health...
  47. ncbi request reprint L and M cone contributions to the midget and parasol ganglion cell receptive fields of macaque monkey retina
    Lisa Diller
    Department of Biological Structure, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195, USA
    J Neurosci 24:1079-88. 2004
    ..Peripheral midget cells were nonopponent. These results suggest that peripheral H1 and ganglion cells inherit their L and M cone inputs from the photoreceptor mosaic unmodified by selective circuitry...
  48. ncbi request reprint Calculated impact of higher-order monochromatic aberrations on retinal image quality in a population of human eyes
    Antonio Guirao
    Laboratorio de Optica, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Murcia, Spain
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 19:1-9. 2002
    ..The benefit at 16 c/deg is 12 and 3 for 5.7- and 3-mm pupils, respectively, averaged across four keratoconics. These theoretical benefits could be realized in normal viewing conditions but only under specific conditions...
  49. ncbi request reprint Calculated impact of higher-order monochromatic aberrations on retinal image quality in a population of human eyes
    Antonio Guirao
    Laboratorio de Optica, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Murcia, Spain
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 19:620-8. 2002
    ..The benefit at 16 c/deg is 12 and 3 for 5.7- and 3-mm pupils, respectively, averaged across four keratoconics. These theoretical benefits could be realized in normal viewing conditions but only under specific conditions...
  50. pmc Racial/ethnic variations in women's health: the social embeddedness of health
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:588-97. 2002
    ..There is a need for renewed attention to monitoring, understanding, and actively seeking to eliminate racial/ethnic disparities in health...
  51. ncbi request reprint Sociocultural methods in the Jackson Heart Study: conceptual and descriptive overview
    Thomas J Payne
    School of Medicine, Examination Center, Jackson Heart Study, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216 4505, USA
    Ethn Dis 15:S6-38-48. 2005
    ..This paper describes the rationale and overall approach for sociocultural assessment in the JHS, both generally and for each content area...
  52. ncbi request reprint Race, health, and health care
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology, Univesity of Michigan, USA
    St Louis Univ Law J 48:13-35. 2003
  53. ncbi request reprint Deconvolution of adaptive optics retinal images
    Julian C Christou
    Center for Adaptive Optics, University of California, Santa Cruz, California 95064, USA
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 21:1393-401. 2004
    ..The results show that the error in classification between the L and M cones is reduced by a factor of 2, thereby reducing the number of images required by a factor of 4...
  54. ncbi request reprint The concept and measurement of race and their relationship to public health: a review focused on Brazil and the United States
    Claudia Travassos
    Departamento de Informações Em Saúde, Centro de Informação Científica e Tecnológica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
    Cad Saude Publica 20:660-78. 2004
    ..We discuss how these issues and problems apply to public health and make recommendations about the measurement of race in medical records and public health research...
  55. pmc Racial segregation and disparities in breast cancer care and mortality
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02120 1613, USA
    Cancer 113:2166-72. 2008
    ..Questions have existed as to whether residential segregation is a mediator of racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer care and breast cancer mortality, or has a differential effect by race/ethnicity...
  56. pmc Racial segregation and disparities in cancer stage for seniors
    Jennifer S Haas
    Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
    J Gen Intern Med 23:699-705. 2008
    ..Disparities in cancer survival may be related to differences in stage. Segregation may be associated with disparities in stage, particularly for cancers for which screening promotes survival...
  57. ncbi request reprint Psychiatric disorders and substance dependence among unmarried low-income mothers
    Daniel Rosen
    University of Pittsburgh, 2009 Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
    Health Soc Work 28:157-65. 2003
    ..The association of welfare status and psychiatric disorders highlights the need for access to mental health services for this population. Implications for low-income women making the transition from welfare to employment are discussed...
  58. ncbi request reprint Computer modelling of the chemical speciation of caesium, uranium(VI) and neptunium(V) in human duodenal fluids under fasting conditions
    Paul W Jones
    Chemistry Department, Cardiff University, UK
    Appl Radiat Isot 57:159-65. 2002
    ..The observed speciation patterns for caesium and uranium are consistent with the observed absorption of these elements by humans; however, the observations for neptunium appear to be equivocal...
  59. pmc The health of men: structured inequalities and opportunities
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Am J Public Health 93:724-31. 2003
    ..The forces that adversely affect men's health are interrelated, unfold over the life course, and are amenable to change...
  60. ncbi request reprint Method for optimizing the correction of the eye's higher-order aberrations in the presence of decentrations
    Antonio Guirao
    Laboratorio de Optica, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Murcia, Spain
    J Opt Soc Am A Opt Image Sci Vis 19:126-8. 2002
    ..The partial correction is more robust and always yields some benefit regardless of the amount of decentration...
  61. pmc Optimal indicators of socioeconomic status for health research
    Mary C Daly
    Institute for Polict Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
    Am J Public Health 92:1151-7. 2002
    ..In this study we examined the relationship between indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality for a representative sample of individuals...
  62. pmc Perceived discrimination, race and health in South Africa
    David R Williams
    Harvard School of Public Health Boston, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
    Soc Sci Med 67:441-52. 2008
    ....
  63. pmc Non-fatal suicidal behavior among South Africans : results from the South Africa Stress and Health Study
    Sean Joe
    School of Social Work, University of Michigan, 1080 South University Ave, Room 2780, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:454-61. 2008
    ..This study examines the prevalence, age of onset and sociodemographic correlates of suicide ideation, planning, and attempts among South Africans...
  64. pmc Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the world
    Johan Ormel
    Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, and Graduate School of Behavioural and Cognitive Neurosciences and Graduate School for Experimental Psychopathology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
    Br J Psychiatry 192:368-75. 2008
    ..Advocates of expanded mental health treatment assert that mental disorders are as disabling as physical disorders, but little evidence supports this assertion...
  65. ncbi request reprint Visual hallucinations in the diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a retrospective autopsy study
    David R Williams
    Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders and Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
    Lancet Neurol 4:605-10. 2005
    ..The cause of VH is now thought to be nerve-cell loss and Lewy-body pathology in the ventral-temporal regions of the brain. However, the use of VH as a clinical sign of PD has not been investigated...
  66. ncbi request reprint Social sources of racial disparities in health
    David R Williams
    Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
    Health Aff (Millwood) 24:325-34. 2005
    ..Changes in a broad range of public policies are likely to be central to effectively addressing racial disparities...
  67. ncbi request reprint Impact of socioeconomic status on longitudinal accumulation of cardiovascular risk in young adults: the CARDIA Study (USA)
    Arun S Karlamangla
    Division of Geriatrics, UCLA School of Medicine, 10945 Le Conte 2339, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1687, USA
    Soc Sci Med 60:999-1015. 2005
    ....
  68. ncbi request reprint The health of U.S. racial and ethnic populations
    David R Williams
    Department of Sociology, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Post Office Box 1248, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, 48106 1248, USA
    J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:53-62. 2005
    ....
  69. ncbi request reprint Stress, life events, and socioeconomic disparities in health: results from the Americans' Changing Lives Study
    Paula M Lantz
    University of Michigan School of Public Health, 109 Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
    J Health Soc Behav 46:274-88. 2005
    ..The results support the hypothesis that differential exposure to stress and negative life events is one of many ways in which socioeconomic inequalities in health are produced in society...
  70. ncbi request reprint A method to predict refractive errors from wave aberration data
    Antonio Guirao
    Laboratorio de Optica, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Murcia, Campus de Espinardo Murcia, Spain
    Optom Vis Sci 80:36-42. 2003
    ..The results indicate that subjective refraction can be predicted from the eye's optics alone by optimizing computed retinal image quality...
  71. pmc Life-course socioeconomic position and hypertension in African American men: the Pitt County Study
    Sherman A James
    School of Public Health and Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
    Am J Public Health 96:812-7. 2006
    ..We investigated the odds of hypertension for Black men in relationship to their socioeconomic position (SEP) in both childhood and adulthood...
  72. ncbi request reprint Self-reported health, perceived racial discrimination, and skin color in African Americans in the CARDIA study
    Luisa N Borrell
    Columbia University New York, NY, USA
    Soc Sci Med 63:1415-27. 2006
    ..Further studies of the health consequences of discrimination will require investigation of both the upstream determinants of discrimination and the downstream mechanisms by which perceived discrimination affects health outcomes...
  73. ncbi request reprint Modifiable risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in low-income African American mothers
    Kristine Siefert
    Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
    Am J Orthopsychiatry 77:113-23. 2007
    ..These findings support the need for interventions that operate across individual and societal levels to address the fundamental causes of poor mental health...
  74. pmc Neighbourhood characteristics, individual level socioeconomic factors, and depressive symptoms in young adults: the CARDIA study
    Claire Henderson
    Public Psychiatry Fellowship, Room 317, 722 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
    J Epidemiol Community Health 59:322-8. 2005
    ..To investigate the relation between neighbourhood socioeconomic and ethnic characteristics with depressive symptoms in a population based sample...
  75. pmc Modified-Symbol Digit Modalities Test for African Americans, Caribbean Black Americans, and non-Latino Whites: nationally representative normative data from the National Survey of American Life
    Hector M Gonzalez
    Institute of Gerontology and the School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, 87 East Ferry Street, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
    Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:605-13. 2007
    ..Unlike previous work, this study supports the consideration of Black ethnicity when evaluating Black neuropsychological test performance...
  76. pmc Understanding social disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control: the role of neighborhood context
    Jeffrey D Morenoff
    University of Michigan, 33361 ISR, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
    Soc Sci Med 65:1853-66. 2007
    ....
  77. ncbi request reprint Racial discrimination & health: pathways & evidence
    Ameena T Ahmed
    Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, CA, USA
    Indian J Med Res 126:318-27. 2007
    ....
  78. pmc Social determinants of psychological distress in a nationally-representative sample of South African adults
    Landon Myer
    School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
    Soc Sci Med 66:1828-40. 2008
    ....
  79. ncbi request reprint Racism and cardiovascular disease in African Americans
    Sharon B Wyatt
    University of Missisippi Medical Center, School of Nursing, Jackson, 39216 4505, USA
    Am J Med Sci 325:315-31. 2003
    ..The findings, though suggestive of a positive association, are neither consistent nor clear. The research agenda of the Jackson Heart Study in addressing the role of racism in CVD is presented...
  80. ncbi request reprint Assessment of simulated surgical skills in parabolic microgravity
    Azhar Rafiq
    Medical Informatics and Technology Applications Consortium, Department of Surgery, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA 23298, USA
    Aviat Space Environ Med 76:385-91. 2005
    ..During spaceflight crew health is paramount in the success of flight missions. The delivery of healthcare during flight requires crew readiness for medical and surgical response...

Research Grants36

  1. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..USC, with its innovative approaches to retinal disease and retinal surgery, will join Rochester, Houston, and Schepens in providing clinical sites for the evaluation of confocal adaptive optics technology. ..
  2. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2003
    ..These experiments will clarify the fundamental limits on spatial and color vision. ..
  3. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..These experiments will clarify the fundamental limits on spatial and color vision. ..
  4. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2004
    ..USC, with its innovative approaches to retinal disease and retinal surgery, will join Rochester, Houston, and Schepens in providing clinical sites for the evaluation of confocal adaptive optics technology. ..
  5. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..These experiments will clarify the fundamental limits on spatial and color vision. ..
  6. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2005
    ..USC, with its innovative approaches to retinal disease and retinal surgery, will join Rochester, Houston, and Schepens in providing clinical sites for the evaluation of confocal adaptive optics technology. ..
  7. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..These experiments will clarify the fundamental limits on spatial and color vision. ..
  8. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2006
    ..USC, with its innovative approaches to retinal disease and retinal surgery, will join Rochester, Houston, and Schepens in providing clinical sites for the evaluation of confocal adaptive optics technology. ..
  9. CORE GRANT FOR VISION RESEARCH
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..The Histology Module provides a shared facility to process both ocular and brain tissue. ..
  10. Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007
    ..USC, with its innovative approaches to retinal disease and retinal surgery, will join Rochester, Houston, and Schepens in providing clinical sites for the evaluation of confocal adaptive optics technology. ..
  11. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..They may also result in methods that can eventually be exploited to protect the retina from light damage as well as other insults such as macular degeneration. ..
  12. Adaptive Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..It may allow the earlier detection of retinal disease, better tracking of disease progression, and the efficacy of therapies for retinal disease. ..
  13. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David R Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..They may also result in methods that can eventually be exploited to protect the retina from light damage as well as other insults such as macular degeneration. ..
  14. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2009
    ..They may also result in methods that can eventually be exploited to protect the retina from light damage as well as other insults such as macular degeneration. ..
  15. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2002
    ..These experiments will clarify the fundamental limits on spatial and color vision. ..
  16. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 2000
    ..These measurements will clarify the relationship between optical and neural factors in spatial vision. ..
  17. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 1999
    ..These measurements will clarify the relationship between optical and neural factors in spatial vision. ..
  18. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 1991
    ..These experiments will be performed in collaboration with Peter Lennie, who is also at the Center for Visual Science...
  19. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 1990
    ....
  20. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 1992
    ..These experiments will be performed in collaboration with Peter Lennie, who is also at the Center for Visual Science...
  21. RETINAL MECHANISMS AND VISUAL RESOLUTION
    David Williams; Fiscal Year: 1993
    ..These experiments will be performed in collaboration with Peter Lennie, who is also at the Center for Visual Science...
  22. Adaptive Optics Instrumentation for Advanced Ophthalmic Imaging
    David R Williams; Fiscal Year: 2010
    ..It may allow the earlier detection of retinal disease, better tracking of disease progression, and the efficacy of therapies for retinal disease. ..