D R Williams
Affiliation: University of Michigan
- Racism, discrimination and hypertension: evidence and needed researchD R Williams
Department of Sociology, Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Ethn Dis 11:800-16. 2001....
- The health of men: structured inequalities and opportunitiesDavid R Williams
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Am J Public Health 93:724-31. 2003..The forces that adversely affect men's health are interrelated, unfold over the life course, and are amenable to change...
- The South Africa Stress and Health Study: rationale and designDavid R Williams
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 1248, USA
Metab Brain Dis 19:135-47. 2004..It will also assess a broad range of risk factors and resources that may modify the association between exposure to human rights violations and mental health...
- Racial/ethnic discrimination and health: findings from community studiesDavid R Williams
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106, USA
Am J Public Health 93:200-8. 2003..Research on stress points to important directions for the future assessment of discrimination and the testing of the underlying processes and mechanisms by which discrimination can lead to changes in health...
- Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in healthD R Williams
Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Public Health Rep 116:404-16. 2001..The authors conclude that effective efforts to eliminate racial disparities in health must seriously confront segregation and its pervasive consequences...
- Racial/ethnic variations in women's health: the social embeddedness of healthDavid R Williams
Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Am J Public Health 92:588-97. 2002..There is a need for renewed attention to monitoring, understanding, and actively seeking to eliminate racial/ethnic disparities in health...
- Understanding and addressing racial disparities in health careD R Williams
University of Michigan, USA
Health Care Financ Rev 21:75-90. 2000..Identifying and implementing effective strategies to eliminate racial inequities in health status and medical care should be made a national priority...
- The health of U.S. racial and ethnic populationsDavid R Williams
Department of Sociology, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Post Office Box 1248, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, 48106 1248, USA
J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 60:53-62. 2005....
- Race/ethnicity and the 2000 census: recommendations for African American and other black populations in the United StatesD R Williams
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Am J Public Health 90:1728-30. 2000....
- Race, socioeconomic status, and health. The added effects of racism and discriminationD R Williams
University of Michigan, Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, Ann Arbor 48106, USA
Ann N Y Acad Sci 896:173-88. 1999..Residence in poor neighborhoods, racial bias in medical care, the stress of experiences of discrimination and the acceptance of the societal stigma of inferiority can have deleterious consequences for health...
- Social sources of racial disparities in healthDavid R Williams
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Health Aff (Millwood) 24:325-34. 2005..Changes in a broad range of public policies are likely to be central to effectively addressing racial disparities...
- Racism and mental health: the African American experienceD R Williams
Department of Sociology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Ethn Health 5:243-68. 2000..Third, in race-conscious societies, the acceptance of negative cultural stereotypes can lead to unfavorable self-evaluations that have deleterious effects on psychological well-being. Research directions are outlined...
- Excess mortality among urban residents: how much, for whom, and why?J S House
Survey Research Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Am J Public Health 90:1898-904. 2000..The goals of this study were to estimate prospective mortality risks of city residence, specify how these risks vary by population subgroup, and explore possible explanations...
- Prevalence and distribution of major depressive disorder in African Americans, Caribbean blacks, and non-Hispanic whites: results from the National Survey of American LifeDavid R Williams
Department of Sociology, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:305-15. 2007..Little is known about the relationship between race/ethnicity and depression among US blacks...
- The mental health of Black Caribbean immigrants: results from the National Survey of American LifeDavid R Williams
Department of Sociology and the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA
Am J Public Health 97:52-9. 2007..We examined the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among Black Caribbean immigrant ("Caribbean Black") and African American populations and the correlates of psychiatric disorders among the Caribbean Black population...
- Race, health, and health careDavid R Williams
Department of Sociology, Univesity of Michigan, USA
St Louis Univ Law J 48:13-35. 2003
- Socioeconomic factors, health behaviors, and mortality: results from a nationally representative prospective study of US adultsP M Lantz
Survey Research Center, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
JAMA 279:1703-8. 1998....
- Use of mental health services and subjective satisfaction with treatment among Black Caribbean immigrants: results from the National Survey of American LifeJames S Jackson
School of Public Health, Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, and the Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48106 1248, USA
Am J Public Health 97:60-7. 2007..We examined the use rates and correlates of formal psychiatric services among the US-born and immigrant Caribbean Black population...
- Socioeconomic disparities in health change in a longitudinal study of US adults: the role of health-risk behaviorsP M Lantz
Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109, USA
Soc Sci Med 53:29-40. 2001..The results suggest that the higher prevalence of major health-risk behaviors among those in lower socioeconomic strata is not the dominant mediating mechanism that can explain socioeconomic disparities in health status among US adults...
- Discrimination, symptoms of depression, and self-rated health among african american women in detroit: results from a longitudinal analysisAmy J Schulz
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education at the University of Michigan School of Public Health, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
Am J Public Health 96:1265-70. 2006..We examined the longitudinal association of self-reported everyday discrimination with depressive symptoms and self-rated general health...
- Modifiable risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in low-income African American mothersKristine Siefert
Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Am J Orthopsychiatry 77:113-23. 2007..These findings support the need for interventions that operate across individual and societal levels to address the fundamental causes of poor mental health...
- Stress, life events, and socioeconomic disparities in health: results from the Americans' Changing Lives StudyPaula M Lantz
University of Michigan School of Public Health, 109 Observatory, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
J Health Soc Behav 46:274-88. 2005..The results support the hypothesis that differential exposure to stress and negative life events is one of many ways in which socioeconomic inequalities in health are produced in society...
- Life-course socioeconomic position and hypertension in African American men: the Pitt County StudySherman A James
School of Public Health and Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, USA
Am J Public Health 96:812-7. 2006..We investigated the odds of hypertension for Black men in relationship to their socioeconomic position (SEP) in both childhood and adulthood...
- Maternal perspectives on growth and nutrition counseling provided at preschool well-child visitsSusan J Woolford
Divisionsof General Pediatrics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 0456, USA
J Natl Med Assoc 99:153-8. 2007..Objective: To explore what mothers of preschoolers recall and understand about growth assessment and nutrition anticipatory guidance provided at their child's most recent well-child visit...
- Race, ethnicity, and the use of services for mental disorders: results from the National Survey of American LifeHarold W Neighbors
Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Arch Gen Psychiatry 64:485-94. 2007..Little is known about differences in the unmet need for mental health service use between African Americans and Caribbean blacks...
- Understanding social disparities in hypertension prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control: the role of neighborhood contextJeffrey D Morenoff
University of Michigan, 33361 ISR, PO Box 1248, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Soc Sci Med 65:1853-66. 2007....
- Correlates of cigarette smoking among low-income African American womenJorge Delva
School of Social Work, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, P O Box 1248, 426 Thompson St, Ann Arbor, MI 48106 1248, USA
Ethn Dis 16:527-33. 2006..This study examines individual and contextual correlates of cigarette smoking in a randomly selected, community-based sample of low-income African American women...
- Mortality patterns of Native Hawaiians across their lifespan: 1990-2000Sela V Panapasa
Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106, USA
Am J Public Health 100:2304-10. 2010..We examined mortality patterns across the lifespan of Native Hawaiians and compared mortality disparities across races...
- Prevalence and correlates of non-fatal suicidal behaviour among South AfricansSean Joe
School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Br J Psychiatry 192:310-1. 2008..8% a plan and 2.9% an attempt. Among four ethnic groups, the Coloureda group had the highest lifetime prevalence for attempts (7.1%). Those at higher risk of suicide attempts had one or more DSM-IV disorders...
- Non-fatal suicidal behavior among South Africans : results from the South Africa Stress and Health StudySean Joe
School of Social Work, University of Michigan, 1080 South University Ave, Room 2780, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:454-61. 2008..This study examines the prevalence, age of onset and sociodemographic correlates of suicide ideation, planning, and attempts among South Africans...
- The association between perceived discrimination and obesity in a population-based multiracial and multiethnic adult sampleHaslyn E R Hunte
Department of Population Health Sciences, School of Medicine and Public Health, University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA
Am J Public Health 99:1285-92. 2009..We examined whether perceived chronic discrimination was related to excess body fat accumulation in a random, multiethnic, population-based sample of US adults...
- Cigarette smoking among low-income African Americans: a serious public health problemJorge Delva
School of Social Work, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 48109, USA
Am J Prev Med 29:218-20. 2005..This study examines the current prevalence of cigarette smoking and the number of cigarettes smoked in a community-based sample of 1021 low-income African-American men and women...
- Food insufficiency and physical and mental health in a longitudinal survey of welfare recipientsKristine Siefert
NIMH Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 1106, USA
J Health Soc Behav 45:171-86. 2004..Food insufficiency at both times and in 1998 only was related to women's sense of mastery. These findings add to growing evidence that household food insufficiency is associated with poor physical and mental health...
- African American girls' smoking habits and day-to-day experiences with racial discriminationBarbara J Guthrie
University of Michigan School of Nursing, Ann Arbor 48109 0482, USA
Nurs Res 51:183-90. 2002..Few studies have examined the relationship between racial discrimination and specific health risks...
- The National Survey of American Life: a study of racial, ethnic and cultural influences on mental disorders and mental healthJames S Jackson
Research Center for Group Dynamics, University of Michigan, USA
Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 13:196-207. 2004..Unique features of sample design, including special screening and listing procedures, interviewer training and supervision, and response rate outcomes are described...
- Racial and spatial relations as fundamental determinants of health in DetroitAmy J Schulz
School of Public Health, University of Michigan M5134 SPH II, 1420 Washington Heights, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 2029, USA
Milbank Q 80:677-707, iv. 2002....
- The African American minister as a source of help for serious personal crises: bridge or barrier to mental health care?H W Neighbors
School of Public Health, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor 48109 2029, USA
Health Educ Behav 25:759-77. 1998..It is recommended that African American clergy and mental health professionals engage in a mutual exchange of information to increase access to professional care among African Americans with serious personal problems...
- Food insufficiency and the physical and mental health of low-income womenK Siefert
NIMH Research Center on Poverty, Risk, and Mental Health, The University of Michigan, School of Social Work, Ann Arbor, 48104 2210, USA
Women Health 32:159-77. 2001..Although the cross-sectional design of this study precludes causal inference, these findings add to a growing body of evidence that food insufficiency is associated with serious adverse physical and mental health consequences...
- Racial discrimination & health: pathways & evidenceAmeena T Ahmed
Kaiser Permanente Division of Research, Oakland, CA, USA
Indian J Med Res 126:318-27. 2007....
- Optimal indicators of socioeconomic status for health researchMary C Daly
Institute for Polict Research, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208, USA
Am J Public Health 92:1151-7. 2002..In this study we examined the relationship between indicators of socioeconomic status (SES) and mortality for a representative sample of individuals...
- Lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders in South AfricaDan J Stein
Department of Psychiatry, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Br J Psychiatry 192:112-7. 2008....
- Social determinants of psychological distress in a nationally-representative sample of South African adultsLandon Myer
School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Soc Sci Med 66:1828-40. 2008....
- Racial segregation and disparities in cancer stage for seniorsJennifer S Haas
Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, MA, USA
J Gen Intern Med 23:699-705. 2008..Disparities in cancer survival may be related to differences in stage. Segregation may be associated with disparities in stage, particularly for cancers for which screening promotes survival...
- Socioeconomic status and health: the role of sleepPhilip J Moore
Department of Psychology, George Washington University, 2125 G Street NW, Washington, DC 20052, USA
Psychosom Med 64:337-44. 2002..Examine the role of sleep in the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health...
- The impact of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission on psychological distress and forgiveness in South AfricaDan J Stein
University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 43:462-8. 2008..However, there was also a concern that individuals with TRC relevant experience would simply be re-traumatized by participation in the process. To date, there has been little empirical data for either hypothesis...
- Disability and treatment of specific mental and physical disorders across the worldJohan Ormel
Department of Psychiatry, University Medical Center Groningen, and Graduate School of Behavioural and Cognitive Neurosciences and Graduate School for Experimental Psychopathology, University of Groningen, The Netherlands
Br J Psychiatry 192:368-75. 2008..Advocates of expanded mental health treatment assert that mental disorders are as disabling as physical disorders, but little evidence supports this assertion...
- Perceived discrimination, race and health in South AfricaDavid R Williams
Harvard School of Public Health Boston, Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Soc Sci Med 67:441-52. 2008....
- Phenotype, genotype, and worldwide genetic penetrance of LRRK2-associated Parkinson's disease: a case-control studyDaniel G Healy
Department of Clinical Neurosciences, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
Lancet Neurol 7:583-90. 2008..LRRK2-associated PD be distinguished from idiopathic PD; which mutations in LRRK2 are pathogenic; and what is the age-specific cumulative risk of PD for individuals who inherit or are at risk of inheriting a deleterious mutation in LRRK2?..
- Self-reported racial discrimination and substance use in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Adults StudyLuisa N Borrell
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA
Am J Epidemiol 166:1068-79. 2007..These associations were similarly positive in Whites but not significant. Substance use may be an unhealthy coping response to perceived unfair treatment for some individuals, regardless of their race/ethnicity...
- Mental health in the context of health disparitiesJeanne Miranda
Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, 10920 Wilshire Blvd, Ste. 300, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA
Am J Psychiatry 165:1102-8. 2008
- Physical violence against intimate partners and related exposures to violence among South African menJhumka Gupta
Yale School of Public Health and Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA
CMAJ 179:535-41. 2008..Despite high rates of intimate partner violence in South Africa, there have been no national studies of men's perpetration of violence against female partners...
- Racial segregation and disparities in breast cancer care and mortalityJennifer S Haas
Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02120 1613, USA
Cancer 113:2166-72. 2008..Questions have existed as to whether residential segregation is a mediator of racial/ethnic disparities in breast cancer care and breast cancer mortality, or has a differential effect by race/ethnicity...
- Religious involvement and cigarette smoking in young adults: the CARDIA study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults)study (Mary A Whooley
Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Department of Medicine, University of California, San Fancisco, 94121, USA
Arch Intern Med 162:1604-10. 2002..We sought to determine whether frequent attendance at religious services is associated with less smoking among young adults...
- Nonmotor symptoms as presenting complaints in Parkinson's disease: a clinicopathological studySean S O'Sullivan
Reta Lila Weston Institute of Neurological Studies, Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, United Kingdom
Mov Disord 23:101-6. 2008..Presenting with NMS does not affect the motor response to medication, but is associated with shorter disease duration (chi(2) P = 0.016)...
- Vulnerability as a function of individual and group resources in cumulative risk assessmentPeter L deFur
Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia 23284, USA
Environ Health Perspect 115:817-24. 2007..However, vulnerability has received little specific attention in the risk assessment literature...
- Attendance at religious services and mortality in a national sampleMarc A Musick
Population Research Center, University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78712, USA
J Health Soc Behav 45:198-213. 2004..Surprisingly, other religious beliefs and behaviors do not explain, and often tend to suppress, the association between service attendance and mortality...
- The concept and measurement of race and their relationship to public health: a review focused on Brazil and the United StatesClaudia Travassos
Departamento de Informações Em Saúde, Centro de Informação Científica e Tecnológica, Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Cad Saude Publica 20:660-78. 2004..We discuss how these issues and problems apply to public health and make recommendations about the measurement of race in medical records and public health research...
- Self-reported health, perceived racial discrimination, and skin color in African Americans in the CARDIA studyLuisa N Borrell
Columbia University New York, NY, USA
Soc Sci Med 63:1415-27. 2006..Further studies of the health consequences of discrimination will require investigation of both the upstream determinants of discrimination and the downstream mechanisms by which perceived discrimination affects health outcomes...
- Who is at greatest risk for receiving poor-quality health care?H Jack Geiger
N Engl J Med 354:2617-9; author reply 2617-9. 2006
- Immigration and mental health: diverse findings in Asian, black, and Latino populationsDavid T Takeuchi
Am J Public Health 97:11-2. 2007
- Racism and cardiovascular disease in African AmericansSharon B Wyatt
University of Missisippi Medical Center, School of Nursing, Jackson, 39216 4505, USA
Am J Med Sci 325:315-31. 2003..The findings, though suggestive of a positive association, are neither consistent nor clear. The research agenda of the Jackson Heart Study in addressing the role of racism in CVD is presented...
- Psychiatric disorders and substance dependence among unmarried low-income mothersDaniel Rosen
University of Pittsburgh, 2009 Cathedral of Learning, Pittsburgh, PA 15260, USA
Health Soc Work 28:157-65. 2003..The association of welfare status and psychiatric disorders highlights the need for access to mental health services for this population. Implications for low-income women making the transition from welfare to employment are discussed...
- Sociocultural methods in the Jackson Heart Study: conceptual and descriptive overviewThomas J Payne
School of Medicine, Examination Center, Jackson Heart Study, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson 39216-4505, USA
Ethn Dis 15:S6-38-48. 2005..This paper describes the rationale and overall approach for sociocultural assessment in the JHS, both generally and for each content area...
- Lower use of hospice by cancer patients who live in minority versus white areasJennifer S Haas
Division of General Medicine and Primary Care, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02120 1613, USA
J Gen Intern Med 22:396-9. 2007..Although hospice care can alleviate suffering at the end of life for patients with cancer, it remains underutilized, particularly by African Americans and Hispanics...
- The integral role of pastoral counseling by African-American clergy in community mental healthJohn L Young
Whiting Forensic Division, Connecticut Valley Hospital, PO Box 70, Middletown, CT 06457, USA
Psychiatr Serv 54:688-92. 2003..The authors interviewed the pastors of nearly all African-American churches in a metropolitan area about their pastoral counseling work and related aspects of their ministry...
- Neighbourhood characteristics, individual level socioeconomic factors, and depressive symptoms in young adults: the CARDIA studyClaire Henderson
Public Psychiatry Fellowship, Room 317, 722 W 168th Street, New York, NY 10032, USA
J Epidemiol Community Health 59:322-8. 2005..To investigate the relation between neighbourhood socioeconomic and ethnic characteristics with depressive symptoms in a population based sample...
- Food insufficiency and women's mental health: findings from a 3-year panel of welfare recipientsColleen M Heflin
Martin School of Public Policy, University of Kentucky, 429 POT, Lexington, KY 40503, USA
Soc Sci Med 61:1971-82. 2005....
- Modified-Symbol Digit Modalities Test for African Americans, Caribbean Black Americans, and non-Latino Whites: nationally representative normative data from the National Survey of American LifeHector M Gonzalez
Institute of Gerontology and the School of Medicine, Department of Family Medicine, Wayne State University, 87 East Ferry Street, Detroit, MI 48202, USA
Arch Clin Neuropsychol 22:605-13. 2007..Unlike previous work, this study supports the consideration of Black ethnicity when evaluating Black neuropsychological test performance...
- Spirituality, religion and health: evidence and research directionsDavid R Williams
Department of Society, Human Development and Health, Harvard University, Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Med J Aust 186:S47-50. 2007..Health practices and social ties are important pathways by which religion can affect health. Other potential pathways include the provision of systems of meaning and feelings of strength to cope with stress and adversity...
- Health disparities based on socioeconomic inequities: implications for urban health careKevin Fiscella
Department of Family Medicine, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, Rochester, New York, USA
Acad Med 79:1139-47. 2004....
- Visual hallucinations in the diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a retrospective autopsy studyDavid R Williams
Queen Square Brain Bank for Neurological Disorders and Institute of Neurology, University College London, London, UK
Lancet Neurol 4:605-10. 2005..We propose that VH be added, as a supportive criterion, to the operational clinical criteria for the diagnosis of PD...
- Blood pressure reactivity to psychological stress predicts hypertension in the CARDIA studyKaren A Matthews
University of Pittsburgh, 3811 O Hara St, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
Circulation 110:74-8. 2004..We tested whether BP changes during psychological stress predict incident hypertension in young adults...
- Commentary: Race and mental health--more questions than answersDavid R Williams
Harvard School of Public Health, 677 Huntington Avenue, Room 615, Boston, MA 02115-6096, USA
Int J Epidemiol 36:758-60. 2007
- Multiple traumatic events and psychological distress: the South Africa stress and health studyStacey L Williams
Department of Psychology, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA
J Trauma Stress 20:845-55. 2007..Individuals with the most traumas (6+) appear at 5 times greater risk of high distress. This study highlights the importance of considering traumatic events in the context of other traumas in South Africa...
- Project Eban: a giant step forwardDavid R Williams
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 49:S1-2. 2008
- Trauma, Stress, and Mental Health in South AfricaDavid Williams; Fiscal Year: 2007....