D J Wiebe
Affiliation: University of Pennsylvania
- Homicide and suicide risks associated with firearms in the home: a national case-control studyDouglas J Wiebe
Violence Prevention Research Group, University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 41:771-82. 2003..I test the hypothesis that having a gun in the home is a risk factor for adults to be killed (homicide) or to commit suicide...
- Outcomes related to the number and anatomic placement of gunshot woundsBrendan G Carr
Department of Emergency Medicine, Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
J Trauma 64:197-202; discussion 202-3. 2008..Firearm wounding patterns have changed, and patients more commonly present with multiple gunshot wounds (GSWs). We hypothesized that multiple GSW are associated with increased mortality risk and increased hospital length of stay (LOS)...
- Firearms in US homes as a risk factor for unintentional gunshot fatalityDouglas J Wiebe
Violence Prevention Research Group, UCLA School of Public Health, 650 C E Young Drive South, Box 951772, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
Accid Anal Prev 35:711-6. 2003..Firearms in the home appear to be a risk factor for unintentional gunshot fatality among adults. The magnitude of the observed effect estimates should be compared with those from additional studies...
- Sex differences in the perpetrator-victim relationship among emergency department patients presenting with nonfatal firearm-related injuriesDouglas J Wiebe
Violence Prevention Research Group, University of California Los Angeles School of Public Health, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Ann Emerg Med 42:405-12. 2003..I examine whether female and male emergency department (ED) patients are equally likely to have been nonfatally shot or struck with a gun by someone they know versus by a stranger...
- Determining objective injury prevention prioritiesD J Wiebe
Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Inj Prev 12:347-50. 2006..Toward this end, the US National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB) for 2000 to 2004 was accessed and four injury prevention priority scores (one previously defined and three new scores) were computed...
- Guns in the home: risky businessDouglas J Wiebe
Firearm Injury Center at Penn (FICAP, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
LDI Issue Brief 8:1-4. 2003....
- Emergency department length of stay: a major risk factor for pneumonia in intubated blunt trauma patientsBrendan G Carr
Robert Wood Johnson Clinical Scholars Program, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
J Trauma 63:9-12. 2007..Nationwide, hospital crowding has resulted in prolonged ED length of stay (LOS). We sought to study the association between prolonged ED LOS and rates of pneumonia...
- Blunt solid organ injury: do adult and pediatric surgeons treat children differently?Carrie A Sims
Division of Traumatology and Surgical Critical Care, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA
J Trauma 65:698-703. 2008..To investigate differences in management, adult and pediatric surgeons were presented the same hypothetical pediatric trauma "patient" and asked a series of treatment questions...
- Alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets, and the risk of being assaulted with a gunCharles C Branas
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Firearm and Injury Center at Penn, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
Alcohol Clin Exp Res 33:906-15. 2009..We conducted a population-based case-control study to better delineate the relationship between individual alcohol consumption, alcohol outlets in the surrounding environment, and being assaulted with a gun...
- Homicide and geographic access to gun dealers in the United StatesDouglas J Wiebe
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia PA, USA
BMC Public Health 9:199. 2009..Whether FFLs contribute to gun-related homicide in areas where they are located, in which case FFLs may be a homicide risk factor that can be modified, is not known...
- Investigating the link between gun possession and gun assaultCharles C Branas
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Room 936 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
Am J Public Health 99:2034-40. 2009..We investigated the possible relationship between being shot in an assault and possession of a gun at the time...
- A review of legislation restricting the intersection of firearms and alcohol in the U.SBrendan G Carr
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Public Health Rep 125:674-9. 2010..In the United States, injury is a leading cause of alcohol-related death, and alcohol use is the leading risk factor for injury. We reviewed state and federal legislation regulating the intersection of alcohol and firearms...
- Reducing firearm violence: a research agendaJanet Weiner
Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6218, USA
Inj Prev 13:80-4. 2007..This article summarizes the Collaborative's conclusions and identifies priorities for research and funding...
- Does the trauma system protect against the weekend effect?Brendan G Carr
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
J Trauma 69:1042-7; discussion 1047-8. 2010..We sought to determine whether the "weekend effect" exists for injured patients at our trauma center...
- The invisible trauma patient: emergency department dischargesPatrick M Reilly
Division of Traumatology and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
J Trauma 58:675-83; discussion 683-5. 2005..Our objective was to quantify and begin to qualify the evolving picture of the trauma ED discharge population as a work component of trauma service function in an urban, Level I trauma center with an aeromedical program...
- Variation in pediatric and adolescent firearm mortality rates in rural and urban US countiesMichael L Nance
Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Department of Surgery, 34th Street and Civic Center Boulevard, Philadelphia, PA 19104 4227, USA
Pediatrics 125:1112-8. 2010..We examined whether firearm mortality rates among children varied across US counties along a rural-urban continuum...
- Weapons in the lives of battered womenSusan B Sorenson
School of Public Health, University of California, Los Angeles, 650 Young Dr S, Los Angeles, CA 90095 1772, USA
Am J Public Health 94:1412-7. 2004..We assessed weapon use in intimate partner violence and perspectives on hypothetical firearm policies...
- Feasibility of an interactive voice response tool for adolescent assault victimsMercedes M Blackstone
Division of Emergency Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA, USA
Acad Emerg Med 16:956-62. 2009..Interactive voice response (IVR) is a novel technology that promotes active participation of subjects and allows automated data collection for prospective studies...
- Timeline to operative intervention for solid organ injuries in childrenMichael L Nance
Department of Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
J Trauma 61:1389-92. 2006..Little is know regarding the time to failure for those children requiring operative intervention. We sought to delineate this timeline to operative intervention for the subset of single solid organ injured patients requiring laparotomy...
- The failure of nonoperative management in pediatric solid organ injury: a multi-institutional experienceJames H Holmes
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Trauma 59:1309-13. 2005..CONCLUSIONS: Failure of NOM is un common (5%) and typically occurs within the first 12 hours after injury. Failure is associated with injury severity and multiplicity, as well as isolated pancreatic injuries...
- Does sex matter? Effect of screener sex in intimate partner violence screeningLauren B Gerlach
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
Am J Emerg Med 25:1047-50. 2007..The sex of the individual performing screening affects the willingness of adult male and female ED patients to disclose incidents of intimate partner violence (IPV)...
- A randomised controlled feasibility trial of alcohol consumption and the ability to appropriately use a firearmB G Carr
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, School of Medicine, 929 Blockley Hall, 423 Guardian Drive, Philadelphia, PA 19104 6021, USA
Inj Prev 15:409-12. 2009..To show the feasibility of using a controlled trial to investigate the effect of alcohol on firearm use...
- Cervical spine injury in young children: a National Trauma Data Bank reviewAlison Polk-Williams
Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Pediatr Surg 43:1718-21. 2008..Blunt cervical spine injury (CSI) is rare in the pediatric population. The objective of this study was to better characterize the incidence and type of CSI in young children (age <3 years) using a large, trauma center-based data set...
- Anemia management program reduces transfusion volumes, incidence of ventilator-associated pneumonia, and cost in trauma patientsAngela S Earley
Division of Traumatology and Surgical Critical Care, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA
J Trauma 61:1-5; discussion 5-7. 2006..No significant differences in length of stay, mortality rate, or MI rate were seen. The significant decrease in the rate of VAP requires further elucidation. Further long-term and larger studies are indicated...
- Postconcussive symptoms in hospitalized pediatric patients after mild traumatic brain injuryThane A Blinman
Department of Surgery, The Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Pediatr Surg 44:1223-8. 2009..The symptom complex that might be expected in children after MTBI is not well documented. We sought to clarify the frequency and severity of concussive symptoms reported by children who required hospitalization for MTBI...
- Respiratory complications and mortality risk associated with thoracic spine injuryBryan A Cotton
Department of Surgery, Division of Traumatology and Surgical Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA
J Trauma 59:1400-7; discussion 1407-9. 2005..We sought to determine whether high-thoracic (HT) SCI was associated with a similar increased risk of respiratory complications and death...
- Effect of preextracorporeal membrane oxygenation ventilation days and age on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation survival in critically ill childrenMichael L Nance
Department of Surgery, Children s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA
J Pediatr Surg 44:1606-10. 2009..The aim of the study is to test the effect of age and preextracorporeal membrane oxygenation (pre-ECMO) days of ventilation on ECMO survival in the pediatric population...
- Do partners with children know about firearms in their home? Evidence of a gender gap and implications for practitionersTamera Coyne-Beasley
Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, NC 27599 7220, USA
Pediatrics 115:e662-7. 2005..Thus, the objective of this study was to examine the level of agreement on household firearms and storage practices among cohabiting partners...
- Identifying pregnant women experiencing domestic violence in an urban emergency departmentElizabeth M Datner
Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, USA
J Interpers Violence 22:124-35. 2007..6%). These results identify a set of predictors that may be helpful in identifying pregnant women who are experiencing current domestic violence...
- Alcohol, firearms, and adolescent gunshot injury riskDOUGLAS WIEBE; Fiscal Year: 2007..This study will help to identify how adolescents are restricted in time and space by their daily activities, thereby identifying particular locations and times of enhanced, and reduced, assaultive injury risk. ..