Douglas B White

Summary

Affiliation: University of California
Country: USA

Publications

  1. pmc Are physicians' recommendations to limit life support beneficial or burdensome? Bringing empirical data to the debate
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:320-5. 2009
  2. pmc Hope, truth, and preparing for death: perspectives of surrogate decision makers
    Latifat Apatira
    University of California, San Francisco, and San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Ann Intern Med 149:861-8. 2008
  3. pmc An empirical study of surrogates' preferred level of control over value-laden life support decisions in intensive care units
    Sara K Johnson
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183:915-21. 2011
  4. pmc Surrogate decision makers' responses to physicians' predictions of medical futility
    Lucas S Zier
    University of California, Berkeley University of California, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94143 0903, USA
    Chest 136:110-7. 2009
  5. pmc A history of ethics and law in the intensive care unit
    John M Luce
    Department of Medicine, University of California, 505 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Crit Care Clin 25:221-37, x. 2009
  6. ncbi request reprint Life support for patients without a surrogate decision maker: who decides?
    Douglas B White
    University of California, San Francisco, and San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 94143 0903, USA
    Ann Intern Med 147:34-40. 2007
  7. pmc The language of prognostication in intensive care units
    Douglas B White
    Program in Medical Ethics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:76-83. 2010
  8. pmc Development and preliminary evaluation of a telephone-based coping skills training intervention for survivors of acute lung injury and their informal caregivers
    Christopher E Cox
    Duke University Medical Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Box 102043, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Intensive Care Med 38:1289-97. 2012
  9. ncbi request reprint Toward shared decision making at the end of life in intensive care units: opportunities for improvement
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Program in Medical Ethics, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0903, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:461-7. 2007
  10. pmc Surrogate decision-makers' perspectives on discussing prognosis in the face of uncertainty
    Leah R Evans
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, California 94143 0903, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:48-53. 2009

Collaborators

Detail Information

Publications24

  1. pmc Are physicians' recommendations to limit life support beneficial or burdensome? Bringing empirical data to the debate
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 180:320-5. 2009
    ..Although there is a growing belief that physicians should routinely provide a recommendation to surrogates during deliberations about withdrawing life support, there is a paucity of empirical data on surrogates' perspectives on this topic...
  2. pmc Hope, truth, and preparing for death: perspectives of surrogate decision makers
    Latifat Apatira
    University of California, San Francisco, and San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 94143, USA
    Ann Intern Med 149:861-8. 2008
    ..Although many physicians worry that openly discussing a poor prognosis will cause patients and families to lose hope, surrogate decision makers' perspectives on this topic are largely unknown...
  3. pmc An empirical study of surrogates' preferred level of control over value-laden life support decisions in intensive care units
    Sara K Johnson
    Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 183:915-21. 2011
    ..Despite ongoing ethical debate concerning who should control decisions to discontinue life support for incapacitated, critically ill patients, the perspectives of surrogate decision makers are poorly understood...
  4. pmc Surrogate decision makers' responses to physicians' predictions of medical futility
    Lucas S Zier
    University of California, Berkeley University of California, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94143 0903, USA
    Chest 136:110-7. 2009
    ....
  5. pmc A history of ethics and law in the intensive care unit
    John M Luce
    Department of Medicine, University of California, 505 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA
    Crit Care Clin 25:221-37, x. 2009
    ..Advancement of the ethical principle of respect for patient autonomy in ICUs increasingly is in conflict with physicians' concern about their own prerogatives and with the just distribution of medical resources...
  6. ncbi request reprint Life support for patients without a surrogate decision maker: who decides?
    Douglas B White
    University of California, San Francisco, and San Francisco General Hospital, San Francisco, California 94143 0903, USA
    Ann Intern Med 147:34-40. 2007
    ..Physicians in intensive care units have withdrawn life support in incapacitated patients who lack surrogate decision makers and advance directives, yet little is known about how often this occurs or under what circumstances...
  7. pmc The language of prognostication in intensive care units
    Douglas B White
    Program in Medical Ethics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Med Decis Making 30:76-83. 2010
    ..Rationale. Although misunderstandings about prognosis are common in intensive care units (ICUs), little is known about how physicians actually communicate prognostic information...
  8. pmc Development and preliminary evaluation of a telephone-based coping skills training intervention for survivors of acute lung injury and their informal caregivers
    Christopher E Cox
    Duke University Medical Center, Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Duke University, Box 102043, Durham, NC 27710, USA
    Intensive Care Med 38:1289-97. 2012
    ..We aimed to develop and pilot test a telephone-based coping skills training intervention for this population...
  9. ncbi request reprint Toward shared decision making at the end of life in intensive care units: opportunities for improvement
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Program in Medical Ethics, Department of Medicine, School of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0903, USA
    Arch Intern Med 167:461-7. 2007
    ..In North America, families generally wish to be involved in end-of-life decisions when the patient cannot participate, yet little is known about the extent to which shared decision making occurs in intensive care units...
  10. pmc Surrogate decision-makers' perspectives on discussing prognosis in the face of uncertainty
    Leah R Evans
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California School of Medicine, San Francisco, California 94143 0903, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 179:48-53. 2009
    ..Many physicians are reluctant to discuss a patient's prognosis when there is significant prognostic uncertainty...
  11. pmc A randomized trial of two methods to disclose prognosis to surrogate decision makers in intensive care units
    Susan J Lee Char
    Department of Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182:905-9. 2010
    ..Surrogate decision makers and clinicians often have discordant perceptions about a patient's prognosis. There is a paucity of empirical data to guide communication about prognosis...
  12. pmc The pressure to withhold or withdraw life-sustaining therapy from critically ill patients in the United States
    John M Luce
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco General Hospital, 1001 Potrero Avenue, Room 5 K1, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Am J Respir Crit Care Med 175:1104-8. 2007
    ..The pressure also may damage communications and cause resentment. If communications cannot be improved, and if the pressure cannot be relieved, a due process approach to conflict resolution that involves other parties may be required...
  13. ncbi request reprint Prognostication during physician-family discussions about limiting life support in intensive care units
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Program in Medical Ethics, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, USA
    Crit Care Med 35:442-8. 2007
    ....
  14. ncbi request reprint Decisions to limit life-sustaining treatment for critically ill patients who lack both decision-making capacity and surrogate decision-makers
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA, USA
    Crit Care Med 34:2053-9. 2006
    ..We sought to determine how often such patients are admitted to the ICU of a metropolitan hospital and how end-of-life decisions are made for them...
  15. pmc Practical guidance for evidence-based ICU family conferences
    J Randall Curtis
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Harborview Medical Center, Box 359762, University of Washington, 325 Ninth Ave, Seattle, WA 98104 2499, USA
    Chest 134:835-43. 2008
    ..This communication also requires a balance between adhering to processes of care that are associated with improved outcomes and individualizing communication to the unique needs of the family...
  16. pmc Clinical nihilism in neuroemergencies
    J Claude Hemphill
    Department of Neurology, San Francisco General Hospital, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94110, USA
    Emerg Med Clin North Am 27:27-37, vii-viii. 2009
    ....
  17. pmc Surrogate decision makers' interpretation of prognostic information: a mixed-methods study
    Lucas S Zier
    University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California 94143 0119, USA
    Ann Intern Med 156:360-6. 2012
    ..Little is known about why surrogate decision makers for patients with advanced illness often have overly optimistic expectations about prognosis...
  18. pmc Doubt and belief in physicians' ability to prognosticate during critical illness: the perspective of surrogate decision makers
    Lucas S Zier
    UC Berkeley UC San Francisco Joint Medical Program, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA
    Crit Care Med 36:2341-7. 2008
    ..We sought to determine: 1) surrogates' beliefs about whether physicians can accurately prognosticate for critically ill patients; and 2) how individuals use prognostic information in their role as surrogate decision-makers...
  19. ncbi request reprint Care near the end-of-life in critically ill patients: a North American perspective
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine, San Francisco, California 94143 0903, USA
    Curr Opin Crit Care 11:610-5. 2005
    ..In this article, we present a North American perspective on recent research and quality improvement initiatives in this field...
  20. pmc Who should receive life support during a public health emergency? Using ethical principles to improve allocation decisions
    Douglas B White
    Program in Medical Ethics, School of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, 521 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143 0903, USA
    Ann Intern Med 150:132-8. 2009
    ..We discuss strategies to engage the public in setting the priorities that will guide allocation of scarce life-sustaining treatments during a public health emergency...
  21. pmc Studying physician-patient communication in the acute care setting: the hospitalist rapport study
    Wendy G Anderson
    Division of Hospital Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143 0903, USA
    Patient Educ Couns 82:275-9. 2011
    ..To assess the feasibility of studying physician-patient communication in the acute care setting...
  22. pmc Oncologist factors that influence referrals to subspecialty palliative care clinics
    Yael Schenker
    University of Pittsburgh Cancer Institute University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, IL Institute for Health Policy Studies Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, San Francisco, CA and Tisch Cancer Institute, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY
    J Oncol Pract 10:e37-44. 2014
    ..We sought to explore oncologist factors that influence referrals to outpatient palliative care...
  23. pmc A multicenter mortality prediction model for patients receiving prolonged mechanical ventilation
    Shannon S Carson
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Cecil B Sheps Center for Health Services Research, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
    Crit Care Med 40:1171-6. 2012
    ..We sought to refine a mortality prediction model for patients requiring prolonged ventilation using a multicentered study design...
  24. ncbi request reprint Palliative care in the intensive care unit: barriers, advances, and unmet needs
    Douglas B White
    Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and Program in Medical Ethics, University of California, 521 Parnassus Avenue, Suite C 126, San Francisco, CA 94143 0903, USA
    Crit Care Clin 20:329-43, vii. 2004
    ..As ongoing research efforts yield new insights, our ability to practice evidence-based palliative care in the ICU will grow, and new avenues for improvement will become evident...